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PUBLICATIONS 



OF THE 



SCOTTISH HISTORY SOCIETY 



THIRD SERIES 

VOLUME 
II 



DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 

1755-1761 



19^3 



> A 



DIARY OF 
GEORGE RIDPATH 

MINISTER OF STITCHEI. 
1755-1761 



Edited with Notes and Introduction by 
SIR JAMES BALFOUR PAUL, C.V.O., LL.D. 




EDINBURGH 

Printed at the University Press by T. <St' A. Constable Ltd. 
for the Scottish History Society 

1922 



• • • • • . ' 



CONTENTS 



INTRODUCTION 



DIARY— Vol. I. 
DIARY— Vol. II. 



INDEX 



PAGE 

vii 

1 

. 177 

. 395 



4762;)4 



INTRODUCTION 

Of the two MS. volumes containing the Diary, pf which 
the following pages are an abstract, it was the second 
which first came into my hands. It had found its way 
by some unknown means into the archives in the Offices 
of the Church of Scotland, Edinburgh ; it had been lent 
about 1899 to Colonel Milne Home of Wedderburn, who 
was interested in the district where Ridpath lived, but he 
died shortly after receiving it. The volume remained in 
possession of his widow, who transcribed a large portion 
with the ultimate view of publication, but this was never 
carried out, and Mrs. Milne Home kindly handed over the 
volume to me. It was suggested that the Scottish History 
Society might publish the work as throwing light on the 
manners and customs of the period, supplementing and 
where necessary correcting the Autobiography of Alexander 
Carlyle, the Life and Times of Thomas Somerville, and the 
brilliant, if prejudiced, sketch of the ecclesiastical and 
religious life in Scotland in the eighteenth century by 
Henry Gray Graham in his well-known work. When 
this proposal was considered it was found that the 
Treasurer of the Society, Mr. C. S. Romanes, had another 
volume of the Diary dealing with the years immediately 
preceding these contained in the volume first discovered : 
this Mr. Romanes with characteristic generosity has put 
at my disposal. But however interesting the two MSS. 
might be, it was found impossible to publish them in extenso 
in one volume, regard being had to the much increased 
cost of printing and the limited resources of the Society. 
They had therefore to be shortened in some way, and on 



vn 



viii DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 

consideration it was decided to omit all or almost all 
passages dealing with events outside the subject of Scottish 
life and character. The sacrifice was made unwillingly, 
as the period treated of includes part of the Seven Years 
War and the war with the French in Canada. But such 
information can always be got in the ordinary history 
books, and Ridpath generally confines himself to a bare 
statement of the news of the day taken from the journals ; 
he does not indulge in many commentaries on them. If 
it is objected that with these omissions we are left with a 
chronicle of very small beer, it may be replied that it is 
just this small beer that we need and that is so refreshing. 
Reports of the big things in life are easily found, but it is 
less easy to get information as to the daily life of the 
people, their reading, their dinners and drinkings, their 
quarrels and reconciliations, their loves and hates, their 
little jaunts, painfully accomplished for the most part on 
horseback over very inferior roads, and, generally, the 
home life of the period. All this is chronicled for us in 
the pages of the Diary, written without the slightest idea 
of ultimate publication by one who, though he might be 
described as an obscure country minister, was nevertheless 
a man of rare culture, a friend of the most celebrated 
Scots literati of the time, and an earnest student in many 
branches of science. But we must consider him somewhat 
more in detail. 

George Ridpath was the eldest son of another George 
Ridpath who was minister of Ladykirk from 1712 till 
174.0. His mother, living with him during the time of the 
Diary in a more or less invalid state, was Ann Watson, but 
of her parentage I am ignorant. The name Ridpath, or 
its variant Rcdpath, is not uncommon on the Borders. 
There was still a third George Ridpath, who was minister 
at Abbey St. Bathans from 1624 to 1628, but whether or 
not he was an ancestor does not appear. The family at 



INTRODUCTION ix 

Ladykirk manse consisted of the diarist, two brothers 
PhiHp and William, and two sisters of whom the eldest, 
Elizabeth, married a Mr. Waite, a merchant in Berwick, 
and the youngest, Nancy, who ultimately lived with her 
brother George and their mother at the manse of Stitchel. 
Ridpath was born about 1717, educated at the University 
of Edinburgh, and must have been a scholar of some 
distinction, as may be readily seen from his acquaintance 
with and appreciation of the classic authors, as shown by 
many passages in his Diary, and by the rather contemptuous 
way in which he writes of the linguistic attainments of 
his brothers who had the same educational advantages as 
himself. He was licensed by the Presbytery of Chirnside 
in 1740, three months before his father died, and two 
years afterwards he was presented to the parish of 
Stitchel, where he remained till his death in 1772. He 
married, 6th September 1764, Wilhelmina Dawson, the 
daughter of a merchant in Kelso, and had three children, 
a son and two daughters. 

When he first began his Diary it is impossible to say ; 
the first of the volumes now extant begins on 13th April 
1755 and ends on 25th January 1758 ; the second records 
his doings from 21st March 1758 to 15th July 1761. They 
form a delightful record of the time, and it is interesting to 
note how curiously modern is their style. Ridpath was a 
calm, unemotional, level-headed man ; in Church affairs 
he approached perhaps more nearly to an old ' moderate ' 
than anything else. Certainly his Diary is entirely free 
from those spiritual rhapsodies and morbid self-intro- 
spection which are so characteristic of diaries in the 
century before his. He writes down his information in 
an eminently matter-of-fact way. The style is rather 
slipshod, as might be expected in a work which was not 
intended for any eye but his own, though no person could 
be more critical of others on the question of style in 



X DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 

composition than he was. Plain and unvarnished though 
his story may be, he is capable of rising to heights to which 
many a more skilful writer might despair of attaining. 
Readers of his account of the death of his little niece 
Nancy Waite, and his attendance through a dangerous 
illness on her small brother, cannot fail to be touched by 
the pathetic narrative, poignant as it is, yet without a 
trace of sentimentahty. We can see the dim, unventilated 
room, the suffering child on the bed, wrestling with the 
dread and little -understood diphtheria, the worn-out 
watchers fast asleep, and the weary but alert uncle fighting 
for the child's life and at last successfully snatching him 
from the very jaws of death : then his profound thanks- 
giving from an overflowing heart. 

Ridpath was not what we would now call an eminently 
spiritually-minded man ; indeed, in the wide range of his 
reading, theology is conspicuously absent, the only reference 
to it being an observation that some magazine he had been 
reading contained nothing ' except some silly articles on 
theology.' But, on the other hand, he was an excellent 
parish minister, and no one can have visited his people 
with more exemplary regularity and assiduity. And he 
not only rendered himself responsible for their souls, but 
also to some extent for their bodies. His tastes were 
largely scientific, and he had more than a mere smattering 
of medical lore ; he did not hesitate to prescribe for his 
parishioners in illness, if he thought he could do them any 
good, and he knew the virtues of the many ' simples ' 
that could be gathered in the fields. 

As to his preaching, I am afraid that much cannot be 
said to bis credit ; he never omits in his Saturday entries 
to say ' prepared for to-morrow ' or ' looked out something 
for to-morrow,' but his preparation must have been rather 
perfunctory. He would have been a terror to modern 
congregations, as his sermons extended to an hour and a 



INTRODUCTION xi 

half or even two hours in duration. It is only fair to state 
that when this does happen he has a certain measure of 
compunction, and confesses that he preached ' far too 
long,' ' beyond all bounds,' or merely ' long.' But in 
those days people expected long sermons, and would 
certainly have resented a mere twenty minutes' discourse. 
As was the custom in his time, or at all events in the 
time of his father, he preached many Sundays on the 
same text ; all his texts are duly given in the Diary, 
but for reasons explained above, these have had to be 
omitted in the printed pages. There is no mention of a 
gown, and it is probable that in this little rural parish 
Ridpath preached clad in his one ' black coat,' only worn 
on special occasions, his garments in ordinary life being 
grey, though some of the clergy favoured blue. 

His parish work kept him busy, though the population 
of the parish in 1755 was under 1000. But there were 
always a lot of sick to be visited. Hygiene, as we know it, 
was non-existent ; box beds and unaired rooms took toll 
of the people in phthisis, while the unenclosed and un- 
drained lands led to a great prevalence of fever and ague. 
Cancer, our more modern scourge, is not mentioned, but 
smallpox seems to have been taken for granted, and lucky 
were the patients who came through it ' unspoilt.' Ridpath 
was much interested both in the theory and practice of 
medicine, and, when he was interested in a case, loves to 
give full particulars of it ; the consequence is that we are 
frequently faced with a mass of sick-room detail which is 
quite unprintable. I have therefore had no hesitation in 
omitting such passages, though indeed I may be blamed 
for what I have left in. 

Ridpath was an omnivorous reader : his favourite 
subject (though perhaps second to the Classics) is 
history, and fired no doubt by the example of his friend 
William Robertson, he has a secret though modest ambition 



xii DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 

to enter the lists as an author. After one or two abortive 
attempts he at last settles to write a History of the town of 
Berwick, but this expanded into a more ambitious project, 
viz. a History of the Borders. During the remainder of 
his life he worked at this task assiduouslv, but died before 
he had quite finished it. It was completed and published 
by his brother Philip in 1776. It appeared as a very 
substantial quarto volume ; it is a carefully compiled 
record, and though its style does not attain to the excel- 
lence of his friends Hume and Robertson, the book is a 
thoroughly good and sound piece of work. It was very 
well received and has gone through three editions, the 
last being published in 1848. It is the only published 
work of Ridpath, if we except a sermon, probably preached 
before the Synod, entitled Christian Liberty opposed to 
Popish Superstition and Slavery, a most extraordinary 
subject for Ridpath to choose, as Church polemics did not 
interest him. Indeed he was, I should say, one of the 
most tolerant of men. In his own parish, in which there 
has always been a large proportion of dissenters, he lived 
in terms of cordial friendship with the Associate minister 
Coventry. He distrusted mere emotional religion and had 
a quiet contempt for all ' zealots ' and Methodists. 

He read everything that came to hand, except, as 
mentioned above, theology. During the period covered 
by the Diary he notes some hundred and fifty books which 
he read, not to mention the magazines and newspapers of 
the day. And it was not ordinary reading ; he did not 
merely skim the contents of a book, but went through it 
critically both as regards its subject and the style in which 
it was written. And reading once was not enough ; the 
volume was revised again and again, notes were taken 
of its contents, alid when necessary its information was 
compared with what other authors had said on the same 
subject. It is wonderful in how short a time the newest 



INTRODUCTION xiii 

publications came into his hands. This was no doubt to 
a large extent owing to the Kelso Subscription Library, 
of which he was an enthusiastic and active member. 
Somerville, in his Life and Times, states that in his day- 
there was not a library in the south of Scotland. But 
here, even before his day, we find one flourishing and 
largely patronised ; it is astonishing to note the number 
of solid books which this enterprising institution bought 
for the use of its members.^ 

In his reading, however, there was almost no fiction ; 
Sir Walter Scott was not yet born, and Ridpath did not 
know that Sandyknowe, to which he frequently refers, 
was within comparatively few years to shelter and preserve 
the life of a child who was to make the Border Country 
famous for all time. Fielding had published Tom Jones, 
and Smollett had practically written all his novels, but 
their names are not mentioned, though the latter may 
have earned the diarist's approval as the editor of the 
Critical Review. Gulliver's Travels, Don Quixote, and 
Tristram Shandy represent almost all the fiction mentioned 
by our author, but of solid tomes there is no lack. In 
History, George Buchanan is a great delight to him, 
principally on account of his excellent Latinity, and partly, 
I think, because Ridpath shared to some extent his views 
on Queen Mary. He read, too, with pleasure, and on the 
whole with approval, old John Knox's chronicles of his 
time. Writers on the other side he did not neglect, though 
they sometimes come in for adverse criticism. He was 
of course a great admirer of his friend and contemporary 
William Robertson, of whose History he speaks in terms of 
high commendation ; and though he disapproved of his 
other friend David Hume's atheistical bias, he had little 



1 As it is still in existence, it must be one of the oldest libraries in 
Scotland. 



xiv DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 

but praise for his famous History. Gibbon was not yet 
on the horizon, but we can imagine with what pleasure, 
mingled with disapproval, Ridpath would have read 
his Decline and Fall, 

Ridpath's mind had a strong scientific bent, and he was 
specially attracted towards medical science. It is astonish- 
ing to note the number of medical works he read, from the 
twelfth-century Regimen Sanitatis Salernitano of Arnaldus 
de Villa Nova down to his friend Francis Home's Medical 
Prelections. He was, too, a more than moderately good 
mathematician, and was able to do a certain amount of 
astronomical calculation. Both in this branch of learning 
and in languages he was always ready to put his knowledge 
at the disposal of any of the promising sons of his neigh- 
bours who were reading for examinations. Indeed he 
did not scruple to rewrite their theses if he thought it 
necessary, and on one occasion, when he found his brother 
Will had got the same subject set him as he himself had 
when at college, he handed over his own work to his 
brother, thus rendering his passage through the Divinity 
Hall so much the easier. Besides Latin and Greek he 
knew Hebrew, French, and a certain amount of Italian, 
but it was in the Classics that he found his greatest delight. 
They were his bedside books ; ' slept on Tully ' or on 
Horace are constant remarks in the Diary ; and ' the divine 
Epictetus,' as he calls him, was one of his most cherished 
favourites, and when he had finished reading him for the 
time he lays him down with infinite regret. But the 
range of his reading must be gathered from the pages of 
the Diary itself. It must be kept in view that it represents 
the study of long winter evenings in the manse, by the 
light of tallow ' dips,' and often after a strenuous day's 
walking, riding, visiting in the parish, or working in the 
glebe or garden. Indeed he complains that he is often 
not in a condition, through weariness, to give proper 



INTRODUCTION xv 

attention to his books, and that he had to change his 
subject in order to stimulate his interest. 

A dull enough life, some will say ; but was it ? The 
manse was a centre of hospitality, and more often than 
not people dropped in to dinner with or without an 
invitation. The dinners no doubt were simple enough 
affairs ; on extra occasions a chicken might be caught and 
killed (though Ridpath never mentions either poultry or 
pigs), but generally a tureen full of broth and a slice 
off the winter's ' mart ' would constitute the repast, 
though in summer a dish of curds and cream might 
appropriately finish the meal. Like all ministers of the 
time he brewed his own ale, and thus would have a 
sufficient quantity of very harmless stuff with which to 
regale his guests. Wine was not unknown, as his servant 
Charles is chronicled as having brought some from Berwick. 
It would probably be claret, as this was the staple drink 
in Scotland at the time and did not cost much. Whisky 
was not the common drink it afterwards became, but we 
read of many a brew of punch which Ridpath consumed. 
He was indeed no gloomy recluse, and loved the pleasures 
of the table ; ' very merry ' is the frequent comment on 
many evenings he spent in company of his friends. On 
one occasion he admits to having had 'a great drink,' 
more in fact than he had drunk for a twelvemonth ; and 
on other occasions he confesses to having ' drunk far too 
much.' I do not believe, however, that Ridpath ever 
exceeded the bounds of a somewhat liberal moderation. 
On the contrary, we find him riding home after a convivial 
evening with his sister Nancy en croupe as he calls it, which 
shows that his seat on horseback must have been steady 
enough. Indeed through all the Diary there is only one 
record of anybody in his company having been drunk, 
and that was the successor to his father at Ladykirk, who 
was, he says, quite inebriated at an ordination dinner. 



xvi DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 

But he was not a favourite with Ridpath, which may 
account for his putting this black mark against him. 

Ridpath was too much of a student to shine in parlour 
games and tricks. We read of his playing both chess and 
whist, though he confesses himself a novice in both pas- 
times. Cutting shadow profiles out of paper with the help 
of a pair of scissors and a candle was a favourite amuse- 
ment. How we should hke to see some of these old 
silhouettes now, particularly that of the winsome Betty 
Pollock. Sometimes he plays at cross questions and 
crambo ; at other times he composes a rebus to while away 
a wakeful hour, or makes up a song or glee to be sung at 
the next meeting of the CuUoden Club, of which he was 
a member ; and what a charming picture is called up 
when we see him looking with interest and admiration 
on two pretty manse lassies as they endeavour to interpret 
the sonorous lines of John Home's Douglas, 

As to outdoor amusements, they are not even mentioned ; 
there were, of course, no facilities for playing golf at that 
period in Roxburghshire, but we should have thought that 
on one of the fine frosty days which he so often chronicles 
he might have been found on the curling rink. We know 
that there was a Curling Club at Earlston in 1756, and the 
game was quite well known in the country. In summer, 
too, we should have expected to have found some mention 
of bowling, for houses like those of Stitchel and Newton 
can hardly have been without facilities for this popular 
game. But such pursuits do not seem to have appealed 
to Ridpath, perhaps he thought he had plenty exercise 
without them. There was the often undertaken walk to 
Home, where after a tramp of three miles he would visit 
his parishioners there and have tea with the Stevenson s 
at Home Byres before setting out on his road home again. 
There were many rides too, some of them of long distances, 
on the young horse he bought from the ' Haddon couper ' 



INTRODUCTION xvii 

for six pounds, and which seems to have turned out very- 
well. His longest ride was perhaps to Edinburgh, where 
he occasionally went, sometimes to the Assembly, and 
sometimes to make investigations in the Advocates* 
Library in connection with the great and long-drawn-out 
Hutton Patronage case or to hear the plea itself debated 
before the Lords of Session. Guided by his friend 
David Hume, who was then Librarian, he sees some of the 
curiosities of the Library, including 'the mummy ' which 
still, I believe, inhabits those learned precincts, though 
it is not so publicly exposed as it used to be. All this was 
strenuous enough exercise ; the roads were on the whole 
bad and we hear occasionally of falls from his horse, 
fortunately without injury to himself, though such an 
accident was the primary cause of the death of Mr. Dawson, 
the father of his beloved Minna. But while the roads 
were generally far from good, they were not quite so 
bad as has been sometimes made out. The Turnpike Act 
of 1751 had done much for their improvement, and far 
from there being no wheeled vehicles to be had in the 
countryside, we see the Halls of Dunglas driving about 
in a chaise, and Mr. Waite, Ridpath's brother-in-law, 
more than once brings or takes back his family in a 
carriage. Matthew Dysart, the minister of Eccles, was 
the possessor of a chaise, and we read of its having made 
the journey to and from Edinburgh. 

1 have said that there is little or no mention of games 
or pastimes in the Diary. There is also no reference to 
holidays or feasts, with the exception of the local fairs 
Neither Christmas nor New Year's Day is ever specifically 
chronicled ; Handsel Monday, an old Scots holiday, is 
conspicuous by its absence, and of course we do not expect 
Easter or any such feast to be mentioned. Holidays no 
doubt the diarist had, but they were spent in little jaunts 
about the country, calling on his friends and always 



xviii DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 

receiving the warmest of welcomes. Of his friends and 
cronies few must be mentioned, and these by little more 
than their names, but they live as real characters in the 
artless pages of the Diary. James Allan of Eyemouth 
was Ridpath's devoted henchman, and is found putting 
himself to no end of trouble about his affairs, especially 
in the great case of the disputed patronage of the parish 
of Hutton, which pervades so many of these pages but 
which it is impossible to do more than mention.^ 

If Ridpath's friendship with Allan was ever temporarily 
strained, it was when the latter fell a victim to the charms 
of a certain Mrs. Keith (nie Macleod), who seems to have 
been more or less of an adventuress, though how she came 
to be in that part of the country I cannot tell. Poor 
James Allan was much infatuated with her, and Ridpath 
did not hesitate to send him a letter of warning. Fortun- 
ately he was looked after by a sister (another sister was 
Mrs. Crow, and a third the wife of Andrew Edgar, both 
mentioned in the Diary), and the match was ultimately 
abandoned, much to Ridpath's satisfaction, who saw nothing 
but evil in it. Mrs. Keith later on threw her toils over 
another of Ridpath's friends, Mr. Temple, the Collector 
of Taxes in Berwick, much to the consternation of all his 
relatives and friends. What the issue of this flirtation was 
we are not told. 

The robust, genial, and humorous John Hume, the 
minister of Greenlaw and laird of Abbey St. Bathans, was 
another of Ridpath's chief companions. He always gave 
him a hearty welcome to Greenlaw manse and a great deal 
of amusement from his conversation. He had married a 
granddaughter of the first Earl of Marchmont, and was 



^ Readers desirous of full details of this case will find it reported as 
Lord Home v. Officers of State in Morrison's Dictionary, 10777, and Faculty 
Collections, 28th July 1758, and the House of Lords' decision in the same 
volume, p. 504. 



INTRODUCTION xix 

therefore eminently of ' the County.' His son Sandy, 
minister of Polwarth, a somewhat degenerate son of an 
aristocratic father, appears to less advantage, as he made 
two rather unfortunate marriages, the first of which gave 
his father much chagrin. 

Matthew Dysart of Eccles was another valued friend. 
He seems to have lived perhaps in a better style than any 
of the other members of Presbytery, as he had a chaise at 
a time when few persons in the country, and certainly very 
few ministers, were the possessors of a wheeled vehicle. 
His mother was a granddaughter of the fourth Earl of 
Torphichen, and he took the name of Sandilands on 
succeeding to the estate of Couston of which she was in 
right. His wife was a relative of David Hume, and 
Ridpath was nothing loth to fall under the charm of that 
distinguished if heterodox philosopher. Dysart was one 
of the clergy who, greatly daring, had attended the 
performance of John Home's tragedy of Douglas in the 
Edinburgh theatre, and had been rebuked therelor by the 
Presbytery and compelled to express more or less sincere 
regret. I am sure that Ridpath, had he been in Edinburgh 
at the time, would have accompanied his friend, as he had a 
genuine liking for John Home, as indeed everybody had. 
It is curious to note that while the Church censured its 
ministers for going to see what was undoubtedly a fine 
performance of an experiment in literature by one of them- 
selves, it left them free to indulge in other pursuits which 
we would now say were much more blameworthy than going 
to see a play. Thus poor Ridpath, ' passing rich on 
eighty pounds a year,' ventured one of his few guineas in 
the State Lottery, but this form of gambling was so 
common then that nothing was thought of it, and even 
the clergy might risk their means to any extent they 
thought fit without ecclesiastical censure. Ridpath's 
excuse (if indeed any excuse were needed) was that if he 



XX DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 

won a prize it would be the greatest possible help and 
advantage to him, while if he lost he would not be very 
much poorer, and would have the satisfaction of knowing 
that he had patriotically contributed towards the needs 
of the State. 

A few of Ridpath's other friends and neighbours can 
only be briefly mentioned. Robert Turnbull of Sprouston 
was a close ally. He was a son of the minister of Tynning- 
hame, whose Diary has already been edited for the Scottish 
History Society, a very different document from the 
present. Robert was the youngest son, being born in 
1714, three years before Ridpath himself, and had three 
brothers also in the Church, one of whom, Thomas of 
Borthwick, became the grandfather of Sir Robert Dundas 
of Dunira, Baronet. He had a sister who was married to 
Dr. Wallace, the minister of New Greyfriars, Edinburgh, 
and a leading man in the councils of the Church. We hear 
much of Robert and his brother in the Diary. But all 
the local clergy are admirably portrayed by Ridpath's 
obsei*vant and critical pen, and there is seldom a word of 
disapproval. Even Mr. Lundy, the minister of Kelso, 
who seems to have devoted the time he spent in the 
neglect of his parochial duties to the boring of his friends, 
is let down very lightly. His laziness, procrastination, and 
habit of sticking to people too long are said to be his worst, 
if not his only faults ; for the rest, he was a simple-minded, 
pious soul, rather a butt of his friends and a subject of 
Lhat rather rough raillery which was the fashion of the 
day. Ridpath, indeed, laments teasing the honest creature, 
but says the temptations always proved irresistible. 

With all these and many more our diarist was on the 
most friendly terms ; they are always James, Robert, 
Andrew and the like to him. It is curious that among 
the few friends whom he does not call by their Christian 
names are Mr. Dawson, the father of the girl he ultimately 



INTRODUCTION xxi 

married, and Mr. Waite, his own brother-in-law. While 
respecting and liking them both, he never seems to have 
been quite on such intimate terms with them as with others. 
Not only were the ministers but their families dear to 
Ridpath, especially if there were any pretty girls among 
them or engaging children, for he was a true child lover. 
Mr. Pollock of Ednam, a rather colourless person perhaps 
in himself, was the father of a large flock whom he brought 
up on a very slender income. Betty, ' the Naiad ' as she 
was affectionately called, must have been a, charming, 
sprightly, and very lovely little maid. Everybody seems 
to have lost their hearts to her, and Ridpath was one of 
her staunchest admirers. By this time, however, his 
affections had been set elsewhere, and we read of his 
proposing ' on the mossy turf, under a sweet grove,' to 
Minna Dawson, the daughter of a merchant in Kelso 
and an old friend of the family. It is remarkable that 
Minna's answer is not recorded ; perhaps she took time 
to think over the matter, as a few days after they had 
some ' explicatory chat ' on the subject. But Minna duly 
married him, though not till September 1764. Probably 
the delay was owing to the state of health of old Mrs. 
Ridpath, who lived with her son George and who was 
evidently rather a difficult patient. It is most likely 
that after the marriage she went to live with either Philip 
or William ; she died in February 1765, only a few 
months after George's marriage. Minna bore to her 
•husband a son and two daughters, and w^e can imagine 
what a joy they must have been to one who was so fond 
of children as Ridpath was. Unfortunately he was not 
spared long to them, as he died when the eldest was only 
six years old. He was only fifty-five, and I doubt if he 
was ever a very strong man ; once at least in the course of 
the Diary he had a sharp attack of illness which prevented 
him writing anything for a week, and he admits having 



xxii DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 

suffered from several minor complaints. His brothers, too, 
do not seem to have been at all strong when young, though 
they both outlived him, each dying at the age of sixty- 
seven. Phihp published his brother's History of the 
Borders after the death of the latter, and he issued 
on his own account in 1785 a Translation of Boethius's 
Consolations of Philosophy, the inception of which is 
alluded to in the Diarv. He married Alison Hume, who 
survived him, and of whom an extraordinary local tradition 
asserts that she died at Eyemouth of spontaneous 
combustion ! 

Enough perhaps has now been said to show the interest 
of this Diary, though much more could be written about 
it. Persons interested in meteorology will be sorry not 
to have Ridpath's daily notes about the weather, but as 
the omission saved several hundred lines it was unavoidable. 
I am indebted to several persons for generous help. 
Mr. Angus of the Historical Department, H.M. Register 
House, has been good enough to revise all the proofs 
and has made many valuable suggestions. Dr. Gunn 
of Peebles had transcribed a large portion of the first 
volume of the Diary, and freely put his transcript at my 
disposal. Mrs. Milne Home had copied a considerable 
part of the second volume, and she also gave me the 
free use of her transcription. The Rev. Dr. Kennedy of 
the New College library has put at my service his great 
knowledge of out-of-the-way Scottish books. I am also 
indebted to the Rev. Mr. Burleigh of Ednam, the clerk of 
the Presbytery of Kelso, Professor Alexander Mair of 
Edinburgh University, and others. Mr. Mill of the Signet 
Library has compiled the index with his usual skill in 

such matters. 

J. Balfour Paul, 



DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 

VOLUME I 

April 1755' 

Sunday, Aprile 13th. — Wind westerly, pretty high. Lec- 
tured on Psalm 68, v. 22. Preached on 1 Cor. 15, vv. 56 
and 57. 

Munday, Aprile lUh. — Wind still higher, with small 
showers. Wrote to Edinburgh and to Baby, whom my 
own straits, after mature reflection, hinder me from assist- 
ing in the way she desires. At Home, p.m., baptising 
and seeing sick. Read also some parts of an old Presby- 
tery Book extending from 1649 to 60, which I have got 
to look over with a view to discover whether any division 
has ever been made of Kelso Kirk. A good deal enter- 
tained with some things in it. 

Tuesday, Aprile 15th. — Weather the same. Read almost 
*all the day the Account of Augustus's Reign in Universal 
History. It is wrote but poorly, and I believe also in- 
exactly. Read also some things in the Kelso Register, 
and wrought a little in the garden. At night marked the 
dates of Odes and Epodes in Francis's 2nd volume ^ into 
my Glasgow edition, also at the end of it, Sanadon's ^ 
Form of the Carmen Seculare. 

Wednesday, Aprile 16th. — Less wind ; some drippings 
through the day and rain in the evening, and at night. 
Read to the end of Augustus's Life a.m. Afternoon at 



^ Philip Francis, died 1773 ; rector of Barrow, Suffolk, 1762-73 : his 
version of Horace has been often republished. 

2 Noel Etienne Sanadon, a voluminous eighteenth-century commen- 
tator on Horace. 

A 



• • •' _• c 






2 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

Sir Robert's,^ where William ^ had just arrived. Evening 
and night, read Presbytery Register, and Horace. 

Thursday, Aprile 17th. — Rained gently from west great 
part of the day. Read the Character of Augustus at the 
end of his Life in the Universal History ; and part of 
the History of Cleopatra, her Father, etc., in the History 
of the Ptolemies. Read also more of the Presbytery 
Register, and slept soon on Horace. 

Friday, Aprile 18th. — Clouds and sun. Winds westerly 
and gentle. Read to. the end of the Life of Cleopatra 
and also the History of Antony's expedition against the 
Parthians. Sandy Home here, seeking Bythner's Lyra ^ 
to help him to prepare for his Hebrew tryals. Will having 
the book at Edinburgh, wrote an analysis to him of two 
or three verses in the beginning of a psalm. He dined 
and drank tea. Read some more Presbytery Register 
and slept on. Horace whom I shall leave with great 
reluctance. 

Saturday, Aprile 19th. — Blowing hard from the west; sun 
and clouds. Prepared for to-morrow. James Richardson 
from Curry dined, and was here a great part of the day. 
He had come out to see his father who seemed in the end 
of last week to be in a dangerous way, but is better. 

Sunday, Aprile 20th. — Breath north-east where it has 
not been for these several weeks, a thing very uncommon, 
at this season. Lowring, and some drippings in the 
evening. Lectured on Psalm 68 : 22 to the end. Preached 
on 1 Corinth. 15. 56, 57. 

Munday, Aprile 21st. — A.m. at Home,* baptising and 
seeing sick. Wrought in the garden and also in the glebe. 



^ Sir Robert Pringle, third Baronet of Stitchel, Ridpath's principal 
heritor: born 1690: married, 1723, Katherine, eldest daughter of James 
Pringle of Torwoodlee : died 1779, 

2 The diarist's youngest brother. 

3 Victorinus Bythner, Hebrew scholar, published Lyra Prophetica 
Davidis Regis ^ sive Analysis critico-practica Psalmorum, London, 
1650. 

* A small thatched village, nestling under the walls of Hume Castle. It 
was at one time a separate parish, but no trace of the old twelfth-century 
church remains. It was united to Stitchel in 1640. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 3 

• 

raking potatoes. Repaired my hats, and read some of 
Horace. 

Tuesday, Aprile 22nd. — Went to attend the Synod. 
Rogers ^ preached a pretty good sermon. Thomas Scot 
of Cavers elected Moderator. P.m. went through last 
year's Minutes. Business of no consequence. Supped, 
and also dined in Mrs. Wood's. Staid in Mrs. Dawson's 
with James Allan.^ 

Wednesday, Aprile 2Srd. — There was a petition from 
some people in Whitsum in opposition to John Waugh.^ 
But the opposers, who are inconsiderable people, having 
brought up no extracts, were prevailed upon to drop 
the prosecution of their cause. Petition was ordered to 
the Assembly also, for their direction about exacting the 
penalties for irregular marriages, which the Justices of 
Peace qualify so much, as to make the law of no signifi- 
cancy. A Cause was also heard from the Presbytery of 
Jedburgh, occasioned by a dispute betwixt Lord Cranstoun 
and the Marquis of Lothian, where the Minister of Craline 
should preach till a new kirk be finished. The contro- 
versy was found so frivolous that the Synod approved of 
the conduct of the Presbytery of Jedburgh, as it was 
really of little or no moment whether they had done right 
or wrong. On this Lord Cranstoun appealed to the 
General Assembly. After these things, went through the 
ordinary forms and got up. Dined in Mrs. Dawson's ; 
drank tea in Dr. Gibson's ; revised the Minutes in Mrs. 
Wood's ; James Allan and I came home after ten. 

Thursday, Aprile 24<th. — James Allan and I rode to 
Ednam a.m. Thomas Pollock,* his wife, and daughter 

^ John Rogers, minister of Hownam 1749-74. 

2 James Allan, one of Ridpath's greatest friends, succeeded his father 
as minister of Eyemouth in 1737 ; died unmarried 1767. 

^ John Waugh, nephew of Robert Waugh, minister of Hutton : after 
being minister of a Presbyterian church at Alnwick he was presented to 
Whitsome in 1754, and admitted i6th May 1755 : he married, 1744, Mary 
Mason, and had with other children a daughter who married, in 1766, George 
Cupples, minister of Swinton, of whom we shall hear more. 

* Thomas Pollock, minister of Ednam 1723-64 : married, 1724, Alison 
Mason, and had a family of five sons and six daughters, some of whom we 
shall hear a good deal of in the course of the Diary. 



4 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

came up with us to dine ; staid all till the evening. Wrote 
for Mas Thomas an attestation for his son in order to an 
application to the Barons of Exchequer for a Bursary to 
him. Slept on Horace. 

Friday, Aprile 25th. — ^At Fallsidehill and Home baptising 
and seeing sick. Robert Turnbull,^ Mr. Lundy,^ and 
Robert's nephew, Hay,^ who came a day or two ago from 
Edinburgh to see his uncle, drank tea. Looked at night 
to some things in Mead's Monita et Praecepta Medica.^ 

Munday, Aprile 28th. — Saw sick in town a.m. and then 
went to Kelso to attend the Culloden Club ; thirteen of 
us only there, a variety of accidents hindering the attend- 
ance of members. Had a song, the making of which 
amused me part of last week, but could scarce get it sung 
for want of performers. Rode home with Sir Robert 
betwixt 7 and 8. 

Tuesday, Aprile 29th. — Revised what I had not re- 
vised before of the second volume of Francis's Horace 
in order to my returning it to-morrow. Have been much 
entertained with this work, which is undoubtedly one of 
the best of the kind in our language. The notes in par- 
ticular are a well-chosen and valuable collection. Those 
from Sanadon particularly good. 

Wednesday, Aprile 30th. — Read part of some reviews 
that came from Kelso in the morning, also about a 
half of Voltaire's General History and State of Europe, 
which has the facility, sprightliness and grace that char- 



1 Robert Turnbull, minister of Sprouston, a parish not far from Stitchel 
on the opposite side of the Tweed, son of George Turnbull, minister of 
Tynninghame. 

2 Cornelius Lundy, minister of Kelso 1 750-1 800 : third son of Archibald 
Lundy, minister of Saltoun : born 1716 : married, 1762, Mary, daughter 
of William Ronald of WiUiamscraig, Provost of Linhthgow : died 1800, and 
was succeeded in the parish by his son Robert. 

» I have been unable to identify this nephew of Robert Turnbull : 
neither of his two sisters married any one of the name of Hay, so it is 
probably used as a Christian name. 

* Richard Mead, M.D. (1673-1754), celebrated faishionable physician. 
His last work, Monita et Praecepta Medica, was pubhshed in 1751, a 
summary of his practical experience, but it is said that the total of 
information contained in the took is small. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 5 

acterise that author, and I beheve also his incorrectness 
as to facts. Will ^ came from Edinburgh in the evening. 
My horse went in for him yesterday with Robert Turnbull's 
nephew . Hay. Have had more of the toothach these 
two or three days than for some years past, the conse- 
quence of cold catched in the end of last week and begin- 
ning of this. Am opposing it by keeping within doors, 
abstinence, water and moderate exercise. 

Thursday, May 1. — Part of the forenoon in the glebe, 
also shaving myself. Neither of them agreed with my 
toothache, which however is better. Rest of day and at 
night read Voltaire. 

Friday, May 2nd. — Read Voltaire to an end and more 
than a third of him over again. 

Sunday, May Uh. — Bailie Pow, poor wandering mortal, 
in the Kirk p.m. and dined with us. 

Munday, May 5th. — At Home a.m. seeing sick. Most 
of the afternoon wrought in the garden, which refreshed 
me greatly and did not hurt my tooth-ach, at least for 
the time. Should, I believe, have been quit of it by this 
time had it not been yesterday's preaching. Had a letter 
from Mr. Waite ^ in the morning by his Prentice, informing 
me that his little daughter had fallen ill of the small pox, 
and desiring Nancy down. Immediately sent her away 
by Charles. By a letter again from Philip ^ in the evening 
learn that the child has been worse than Mr. Waite men- 
tioned. She has had a high fever, two convulsions, and 
what is worst of all a violent looseness since Saturday 
night. The pox begin to appear this morning, but they 
cannot yet judge of their number. 

Tuesday, May Gth. — Went at two to the burial of G. 
Mason's wife at Hassendean. The old man is a little 
recruited. Attended the funeral to Kelso, where were the 



^ Ridpath's youngest brother, afterwards minister of Edrom. 

2 Mr. Waite, as he is always called in the Diary, his Christian name 
never being given, was Ridpath's brother-in-law, ha\'ing married his sister 
Elizabeth. He was in business in Berwick. 

3 The Diarist's immediate younger brother. He seems to have been a 
schoolmaster at Berwick at this period. 



6 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

remains of the Presbytery. Had a Library meeting, in 
which we commissioned a few books. 

Wednesday, May 7th. — Wrought in the garden a.m. and 
chatted with William Winter. P.m. was going to see 
Sir Robert who has not been well these 2 or 3 days, but 
met with James Mason ^ and his wife, as I was going through 
the town, seeing some sick. They drank tea here. Heard 
from Berwick in the evening that the child seems to be in 
no manner of danger. Also that Dr. Balderstone ^ was 
married yesterday morning. 

Thursday, May 8th. — Spent the forenoon in new cocking 
my hat, shaving, etc. Robert Turnbull came and dined. 
Set out along with him for Greenlaw, when Mr. Dysart ^ 
also came. Staid there all night. D. Hume's History, 
which John Hume * has been reading, the principal sub- 
ject of discourse. 

Friday, May 9th. — Set out in the morning with John 
and his two sons ^ for Abbey (St. Bathans). Had a 
pleasant ride and got there about ten. A considerable 
congregation, and the sermon without, which agreed ill 
with my toothache. Sate till near 6, drank rather too 
long and were too noisy. Some girls there that were 

^ Perhaps James Mason, minister of Yarrow 1753-64. 

2 Dr. Balderston, Berwick, was a cousin of Ridpath, and son of ' Aunt 
Balderston ' frequently mentioned in the Diary. 

^ Matthew Dysart, minister of Eccles 1731-73: son of John Dysart, 
minister of Coldingham : assumed the name of Sandilands on succeeding 
to the entailed estate of Couston, in right of his mother who was daughter 
and heiress of the Hon. William Sandilands, third son of John, fourth Lord 
Torphichen. He married Jean, daughter of David Hume, Depute Clerk of 
Session, and a relative of David Hume the historian. He was one of the 
ministers who attended the theatre on the first production of John Home's 
tragedy of Douglas, for which he was rebuked after having expressed regret. 

* John Hume, minister of Greenlaw 1734-77, was the eldest son of 
George Hume of Abbey St. Bathans, and minister of that parish. He 
succeeded his father in the estate 1700 : ordained minister of Polwarth 
1727 : translated to Greenlaw 1734 : married Charlotte, daughter of 
Charles Bellingham and Lady Julian Home, daughter of Patrick, first 
Earl of Marchmont. We shall hear further of his son Alexander, minister 
of Polwarth. 

^ The ordination at Abbey St. Bathans was that of Alexander Hume, 

eldest son of John Hume, minister of Greenlaw. His brother George 

afterwards became a lieutenant R.N. 
« 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 7 

animating; especially Walter Hart's daughter. Angelraw's 
youngest daughter ^ was also there, and a daughter of 
William Home of Fogo's.^ Of ministers besides the 
Presbytery, there were only Landreth,^ Cupples,* Robert 
Turnbull, and myself. Smith of Quickswood was there ; 
also his mother and Miss Ker. Had good plain dinner. 
Rode to Polwarth in the evening along with Robert 
Turnbull, Matt. Dysart, and Cupples. Mrs. Home has 
been very low and much distrest. John Home ^ on his 
way from London was there in the beginning of the week. 
Garrick has at last agreed to take his last made Play, but 
cannot have it acted till the winter after next. 

Saturday, May 10th. — Set out from Polwarth about 
eleven along with Mr. Dysart. Robert and I dined and 
drank tea at Eccles. Came home about six. Saw Edward 
Dodds's wife who has seemed a-dying these ten days ; 
and did something for to-morrow. Heard from Berwick 
that Nancy Waite is still in a very good way. 

Munday, May 12th. — A.m. at Home seeing sick. P.m. 
went to Sir Robert's, who has been ailing and is looking 
but indifferently. Came home about 9, and slept on 
Voltaire. 

Wednesday, May lUh. — Set out for Berwick by Blakader. 
Found Mr. Renton just ready to go to Allan-Bank to 
dine with a new-married pair, young Coutts and his wife,^ 
who are on their way from London to Edinburgh. Dr. 

^ Daughter of James Ridpath of Angelraw. 

2 Grizel, daughter of William Home, minister of Fogo 1722-56 (not to 
be confounded with his successor in the parish, another William Home of 
whom we shall hear much). Grizel ultimately married Andrew Jollie, 
a tailor in Edinburgh. 

^ James Landreth, minister of Simprin 1725-56: Clerk of the Synod: 
established the first Sunday School in Scotland, Carlyle, who calls him 
' Honest James,' gives an amusing account of how he lent John Home a 
valise to carry the MS. of Douglas in, when he took it to London. 

* George Cupples, minister of Swinton 1754-98, son of William Cupples, 
minister of Kirkoswald. Alex. Carlyle gives an amusing and graphic 
account of the convoy which Cupples gave to him and John Home on his 
setting out for London with the tragedy of Douglas. 

^ John Home, see p. 10, n. 6. 

^ James Coutts of Hampton and Whitsome Hill, third son of John 
Coutts, Lord Provost of Edinburgh : born 1737 : partner in Coutts 



S DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

Doubleday ^ there. He and I staid and dined with the 
children, three very fine girls. Rode to town with the 
Doctor in the evening, which I spent at Mr. Waite's. Nancy 
is doing bravely and will not be spoilt. 

Thursday, May 15th. — Called at Mr. Chisholm's a.m. ; 
dined in Mr. Waite's. P.m. drank tea with my aunt 
Balderstone, who removed on the day her son was married 
to the house lately possest by John Somervail, which is 
fitted up very neatly. She is looking well, and they are 
all in very good spirits. Supped with the Doctor, where 
was also my aunt and two or three of my cousins. A 
great display of pretty expensive things. Was not greatly 
captivated with the Bride, though she is, upon the whole, 
a very well-looking woman. 

Friday, May 16th. — Breakfast with Mr. Hall and set 
out with Philip for the Ordination at Whits um. John 
Renton there, and Hilton,^ who sat till sunset and made 
very good company. James Allan and I went home with 
Mr. Renton. Had drank rather too much. 

Saturday, May 17th. — Breakfast at Blakader. Then set 
out for Eccles, whither Philip had come with Mr. Dysart 
last night. Dined and drank tea there. Came home 
between 6 and 7, and did something for to-morrow. 
Still harassed with the toothache, but keep it within 
tolerable bounds chiefly by wrapping at night. 

Sunday, May 18th. — Richard Brown ^ came here in the 



Brothers and Co., Bankers, London : married, shortly before the date in 
the Diary, Mary, daughter of John Peagrim, Colchester. The family of 
Coutts and the Stewarts of All'anbank were intimately connected. John 
Coutts, the Lord Provost, had married Jean, daughter of Sir John Stewart, 
the second Bart., and the fourth Bart, (the son of Ridpath's host) married 
Frances Coutts, the only surviving child of this marriage of James 
Coutts and Mary Peagrim. Cf. The Life of Thomas Coutts, by E. H. 
Coleridge, i. 38. 

1 The Doubledays were a very old family in the north of England, and 
still exist. Mr. H. A. Doubleday, the editor of the current edition of the 
Compleie Peerage, informs me that they were largely Quakers. 

2 Wynne Johnston of Hilton, who was served heir to his father, Robert 
Johnston of Hilton, 1748. 

3 Richard Brown, then a youth of twenty-five, son of John Brown, tenant of 
Home Castle, was ordained minister of the parish of Kingarth, 6th May 1 756 



i755i DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH d 

morning about ten. He lectured and preached for me 
p.m. Performed not contemptibly, but in his sermon 
unpopularly, chiefly by a wrong choice of his subject. 
Philip at Ednam preaching for Mr. Pollock who is at 
Whitsum with John Waugh. Brown went away after 
tea. A fortunate boy chiefly owing to a good stock of 
forwardness, added to parts and knowledge not con- 
temptible, but no way extraordinary. Peter Cuming ^ 
has procured to him a Presentation to a kirk in the Isle 
of Bute in my Lord Bute's own parish, a very lucky thing 
for him ; and an obedient servant secured to Peter. 

Munday, May 19th. — Saw sick in the town. Mr. Lundy 
came to dine, and staid till between 4 and 5. Then Mr. 
Dawson came and drank tea. Evening slept on magazines 
I brought from Berwick. 

Tuesday, May 20th. — At Home a.m. seeing sick. Th. 
Pollock came before dinner, and sate till the evening. 
Slept on magazines. 

Thursday, May 22nd.— Went to Kelso with Philip, 
where we dined in Mr. Lundy's, and drank tea at Thomas 
Dawson's. Saw Mr. Lundy's tulips. He has some very 
good ones. Had a walk on the riverside in the evening 
with Minna Dawson, ^ Nancy Thompson, and Aly Steven- 
son.^ Got from the Library the third part of Voltaire's 
General History and State of Europe. 

Friday, May 2Srd. — Wrought much in the garden and 
some in the glebe. Read a little of Voltaire's third part. 
The former two parts are from a surreptitious copy, and 
he seems to promise an improved edition of them. This 
part he owns, and proposes to continue the Work till he 

translated to Lochmaben 1765 : in 1779 he succeeded his cousin, Sir Alex- 
ander Brown of Coalstoun, Bart., but did not assume the title : died 1781. 

^ Patrick Cuming, minister of the Old Kirk, Edinburgh, 1732-76 : eldest 
son of Robert Cuming of Relugas : Professor of Church History, Edinburgh, 
1737-62 : D.D., Edinburgh, 1752 : was three times Moderator of the General 
Assembly, 1749, 1752, and 1756 : leader of the Moderate party in the 
Church in his day : married Jean, daughter of David Lauder of Huntly- 
wood, a son of Lord Fountainhall. 

2 Minna Dawson, daughter of Mr. Dawson, Kelso, and the future wife 
of Ridpath. 

^ See post, p. 291, n. 2. 



10 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

connect it with his Louis XIV. He is always hvely and 
entertaining. 

On Munday morning set out along with Mr. Lundy 
mounted on a horse I got from W. Stevenson,^ which he 
intended should go from Edinburgh to Ninian Jeffery's 
Colony. But as he was being worne out with hard work 
and lame to the boot, it was with difficulty that I got to 
Edinburgh on him after six o'clock at night though we 
set out betwixt 5 and 6 in the morning. Mr. Lundy' s 
horse also distressed with a sore throat which made us 
equally slow-paced and our journey very uncomfortable. 
Overtook not far from Bassendean Mr. Home of Pol- 
warth ^ and a daughter of Willy Home of Fogo ^ with Mr. 
Home's little boy Luke, whom they were carrying to 
Musselburgh to Jeffery. Dined with them at Channel- 
kirk. Mr. Lundy struck off at Fala to Saltoun, and I 
rode in to town with Abraham Ker * whom we met at 
Channelkirk. Lodged in the Solicitor's ^ along with John 
Home of Athelstaneford ^ who left the town on Saturday 
morning before the Assembly. The only Settlements 
were those of Leith and Carsphairn. The case of Leith 

1 The tenant of Home Byres, and an intimate friend of Ridpath. 

2 William Home, minister of Polwarth 1735-58 : third son of Walter 
Home of Bassendean : translated to Fogo in succession to another William 
Home in 1758 : married, 1737, Mary, daughter of Robert Roddam of 
Ewart, Northumberland, and an aunt of Mrs. Alexander Carlyle. The 
little boy Luke was afterwards a Captain, i6th Foot. 

^ Grizel Home, see ante, p. 7, n. 2. 

^ Abraham Ker, minister of Nenthorn 1755-93 : son of James Ker of 
Crookedshaws, a former minister of the parish. 

^ Andrew Pringle, eldest son of John Pringle, Lord Haining : Advocate 
1740 : Solicitor-General 1755 : raised to the Bench as Lord Alemoor 1759 : 
died 1776. Carlyle calls him the most eloquent of all the Scottish Bar. 

^ John Home, minister of Athelstaneford 1746-57 : son of Alexander 
Home, Town Clerk of Leith. He is best known as the author of the 
tragedy of Douglas which was produced in Edinburgh in 1756, and which 
created a great commotion in the circles of the Church. He resigned his 
living in 1757 and became private secretary to John, Earl of Bute, the 
famous Minister. In this position he was able to do a great deal for his 
friends and sought nothing for himself, but had a pension of ^^300 a year 
granted him from the Privy Purse. He was a universal favourite and was 
the intimate friend of Principal Robertson, David Hume, and Carlyle ; 
Ridpath also knew him well and had a high esteem for him. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 11 

was considerably doubtful. Carlisle,^ John Home, and 
W. Robertson, 2 who had carried it on the side of Thomas 
Scot ^ before the Synod, appeared in the defence of their 
sentence and made very good speeches in their several 
manners, of which Robertson's is by far the most suited 
to the clerical character. The good speaking was almost 
all on Scot's side, and would have had its effect had it 
not been the hrigue very industriously and extensively 
circulated on the other. In the settlement of Carsphairn 
the Commissioner was interested, and the decision was 
given for his friend by a much greater stretch than was 
made in the case of Leith. The other affairs were scandals 
against two north country ministers Grant and Mackenzie 
and a country Elder, in all which the accused were assoilzied 
unanimously. There was a project of attacking Lord 
Kames * and David Hume, to promote which a pamphlet 
had been published containing an analysis of the wicked 
principles contained in their works. But instead of a 
personal attack, a general Overture was agreed to con- 
taining a Declaration against such pernicious principles, 
and a recommendation to all ministers to oppose to the 
utmost of their power the spreading of them amongst 
their flocks. This, though not satisfying to the more 
zealous, appeared more eligible to the prudent, than the 



^ Alexander Carlyle, minister of Inveresk 1 748-1 805 : well known as 
' Jupiter Carlyle,' one of the leading members of the moderate party 
in the Church. His Autobiography, though unfinished, has become a 
classic on the subject of the Church life of the period : he had a high 
opinion of our diarist, whom he styles ' the judicious and learned Ridpath.' 

2 Dr. William Robertson, the historian, and Principal of the University 
of Edinburgh, at this time minister of Gladsmuir. 

' There is no mention of this case in the Fasti Eccl. Scot., but there was 
a vacancy in the second charge of South Leith in 1754, by the translation 
of Robert Walker to St. Giles's, Edinburgh. There appears to have been 
two competing candidates, Thomas Scott, minister of Cavers, and Alexander 
Stuart. The Assembly gave its decision in favour of the latter, but he was 
removed to St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, in 1762, and Mr. Scott was then 
admitted to the charge. 

* Henry Home, son of George Home of Kames, Berwickshire : Advocate 
1723 : raised to the Bench as Lord Kames 1752 : in 175 1 he had published 
his Essays on the Principles of Morality and Natural Religion, a meta- 
physical work which provoked the ire of some members of the Church. 



12 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

erection of a committee for ptirity of doctrine. On the 
Saturday evening went out to the farm-house of my old 
friend Mr. Wilkie, minister of Ratho,^ who has been dis- 
trest for some time past with an ill-formed ague [from] 
which he has not yet entirely recovered. Staid with him 
on the Saturday and Sunday nights, and preached for him 
at Ratho on the Sunday. The Assembly rose on Monday, 
and the last thing they did was to repone Moncrieff,^ now 
at Etall, to the office of ministry in Shetland, in deposing 
him from which some irregular steps had been taken. 
So soon as he was reponed, he gave in a demission of his 
Charge in that island. The Commissioner ^ concluded the 
Assembly with a very handsome speech which he repeated 
and gave some touches at the present situation of the 
public affairs and the perfidy of the French with a truly 
British spirit. His behaviour all along was very popular. 
Red, his minister (of St. Quivock's),* was Moderator, and 
acquitted himself very tolerably. Tuesday and Wednes- 
day the Commission met and had some small affairs, but 
I attended it very little. Wednesday evening left the 
town, and came to Athelstaneford, about ten at night 
along with James Allan. Read John's tragedy of Douglas 
on the Thursday forenoon, which so far as I could judge 
from a cursory reading appears to be a good work. The 
composition much simpler and chaster than that of Agis. 
Called at Haddington and was an hour at Clerkington 
with Baby, who was removing her furniture. Found her 

1 William Wilkie, minister of Ratho 1753-9, when he resigned on his 
appointment as Professor of Natural History in St. Andrews. He was an 
expert in agriculture, and his success as a farmer earned him the name of 
' Potato Wilkie,' He wrote an epic poem called the Epigoniad in nine 
books, published in 1757, for which he was called ' the Scottish Homer.' 
Graham [Social Life in Scotland) calls him an ' uncouth genius,' and 
Carlyle in his Autobiography mentions liim. Many stories are told of his 
eccentricities. He was a great smoker when the consumption of tobacco 
rather took the form of snuff : he had a great antipathy to clean sheets 
on his bed, and it is said slept under the weight of twenty-four blankets. 

2 Matthew Moncrieif, minister of Bressay, Burra, and Ouarff : he had 
been deposed for deserting his charge. 

* The Commissioner to the General Assembly in 1755 was Charles, ninth 
Lord Cathcart. 

* George Reid, minister of St. Qui vox 1722-63. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 13 

in pretty good spirits and not without hopes of doing 
well. Rode over after four with John Home to Polwarth, 
where I staid till Saturday forenoon. On the Friday 
stept over to Redbraes and saw Nancy Burnet. Came 
home on Saturday to dinner and did something for 
to-morrow. At Edinburgh not unhappy on the whole ; 
yet not so happy as I might have been. Could not use 
perfect freedom in my quarters, the Solicitor's, where I 
was under some sort of necessity of lodging, he having 
been here himself to ask me. Yet this was wholly owing 
to my shyness, for by him I was treated with great civility. 
John Home's flow of wit and spirits, much encouraged by 
the company of the Great, to which he has had more 
familiar access than almost any of his profession, threw 
a sort of damp on me. Clothes and equipments were not . 
so good as the taste of the age and a town life requires. 
The room where I lodged was gloomy and extremely ill 
aired, and sometimes my living was too high, though this 
I bore very well. To live agreeably at Edinburgh I find 
it would be necessary for me to live in a Lodging, where 
I would be at perfect liberty ; to be well equipped in 
point of dress ; and to associate more with people of 
speculation and learning than those of a gayer turn ; yet 
not altogether to avoid the latter. But the greatest dis- 
advantage of all for that sort of life is my want of facility 
in making up to strangers and conversing with them. A 
disadvantage partly from complexion, but chiefly from 
education, and my ordinary train of life, that I believe I 
shall never wholly get over. The new things I saw at 
Edinburgh were chiefly a sort of imitation of Vaux Hall 
or Ranelagh erected by one Cockayne in the gardens 
formerly Butcher's, a very rude embryo. A copy of Le 
Bruyn's Alexander's Battles belonging to Lord Morton, 
and which he has hung up in the Abbey, wanting room 
for them in his own house. The best almost, indeed the 
only thing of the kind, I ever saw, a Grotto with a collec- 
tion of very curious shells. I was also at a Concert, which 
was a very high entertainment ; I was particularly de- 
lighted at the part in which the voice of a singing girl 



14 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH. [1755 

was accompanied with a German flute plaid by Macpherson. 
Another circumstance besides those already mentioned 
helped also to depress me, and that was my failing in a 
little speech I attempted to make in the cause of Leith ; 
though I found it was much more noticed by myself than 
by anybody else. My situation was disadvantageous and 
spirits fatigued by long attendance, and I was quite over- 
powered with the universal stare on a new man. 

Thursday, June 12th. — Forenoon wrought in the garden 
and putting closet in order. P.m. went to Sir Robert's, 
where I staid supper. Dr. Wilson came in the evening 
with whom I had some disputation about gravity, etc., 
matters that he understands very imperfectly. 

Friday, June 13th. — Wrought a good deal in the garden 
a.m. P.m. read part of Cadwallader Colden's History of 
the Five Indian Nations,^ which I got from the Library. 
Also some of the January Review. 

Saturday, June lUh. — Prepared for to-morrow. At- 
tended a man who came* up from Kelso to put up a second- 
hand clock which came from Berwick last Saturday. He 
got it put up, but it soon stopt ; he set it agoing again on 
the Monday. P.m. went to Eccles and drank tea. Mrs. 
Dysart somewhat aguish. 

Munday, June 16th. — Went to Morbattle, where I 
preached. CoUeagued with Wilson of Coldstream ^ on 
Psalm 16. 8. Rogers there and Leck.^ Staid all night. 

Tuesday, June 17th. — Was prevailed on to stay till 
after dinner, and Andrew * rode over with me here. Lighted 
at Kelso in passing and saw Lundy's garden and glebe, 
where there is a fine crop of everything. 

Wednesday, June 18th. — Rode to Eccles along with 
Andrew, where we preached : colleagued with John Hume. 



^ Cadwallader Colden (1688-1778), American botanist and loyalist; 
Lieut.-Governor of New York 1761 : his History of th$ Five Indian Nations 
of Canada was published in 1727. 

2 William Wilson, minister of Coldstream 1735-77. 

3 Joseph Leek, minister of Yetholm 1731-85. 

* Andrew Chatto, minister of Morebattle 1740-70 : married Agnes 
Tennent of Handaxwood. She was a niece of WilUam Walker, minister 
of Mackerstoun, who left her ;^500. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 15 

All three stayed all night. Diverted as usual with John. 
Coventry ^ ordained here. 

Thursday, June 19th. — Staid at Eccles till after tea. 
Mrs. and Peggy Pringle ^ and Mr. Dawson here when I 
came home. A very sweet evening. Slept on the Review, 

Friday, June 20th. — Saw sick in the town a.m., and 
at Home p.m. Mr. Waite and Nancy with the little boy 
and his maid came before dinner ; and Mr. Waite and 
Will set out again in the chaise for Berwick betwixt 4 and 
5. Read in the evening some of the March Review, where 
there is an article on David Hume's History, where he is 
treated severely enough, yet not more than he deserves. 

Munday, June 23rd. — Read much of Golden' s History 
of the Five Indian Nations, which presents a very simple 
scene of manners. Charles ^ went to Eyemouth for wine, etc. 

Tuesday, June 24//i. — Wrought in the garden, spoke to 
catechumens, and read a little more of Colden's History. 

Wednesday, June 25th. — Wrought a good deal in the 
garden ; weeding and planting brocoli. Read Colden's 
Book to an end. It concludes with Penn's Establishments 
in the Pensylvania Government, which approach nearer 
to Harrington's plan than anything that has been exe- 
cuted. Read also the accounts in the magazines of Nova 
Scotia and the Settlements of the Colony there. In the 
morning read last week's news-papers, where a grand plan 
is spoken of for attacking the French in Canada. 

Saturday, June 2Sth. — Wrote on my sermon a.m. 
Abraham Ker and James Allan preached. Nobody staid 
all night but James Allan. Mrs. Dawson at Sir Robert's. 

Sunday, June 29th. — Preached on Psalm 118. 22, 23. 
Five double Tables and about a half of a sixth. John 
Hume preached p.m. Other assistants — Messrs. Pollock, 



^ G. Coventry, minister of the Secession Church at vStitchel. See p. 79, n. 2. 

2 The youngest daughter of vSir Robert : Mrs. Pringle may have been her 
sister-in-law, Capt, Gilbert's wife, but the identification is not certain. 

^ Charles was the minister's ' man ' and factotum. These servants 
were a race of beings by themselves, and could turn their hands to anything 
from ploughing the glebe to gardening and any joiner work that might be 
required. 



16 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

Allan, and Abraham Ker. Somewhat fewer hearers than 
ordinary by reason of a seceding sermon at Home, and a 
Cameronian one at Tweedside. But full as many, if not 
more, communicants. 

Munday, June 30^/i.— Warm. Messrs. Chatto and Pol- 
lock preached. Andrew and John Hume staid all night. 
Entertained John with the Account of David Hume's 
History in the Review, etc. 

Tuesday, July 1st. — Went to the Presbytery with 
Andrew Chatto. Entered to the clerkship.^ Had a 
scandal before us from the Kelso session and a supplica- 
tion from the Heritors of Ednam to agree to a removal of 
the Kirk ; also from Mr. Pollock for a Visitation of the 
manse. Appointed to meet at Ednam on this day 3 weeks. 
Came home in the evening and read part of a pamphlet 
containing Observations on the Analysis of Sopho and 
D. Hume's Principles,^ which is said to be young Wedder- 
burn's. (This is denied ; it is said to be Kames's own.) ^ 

Wednesday, July 2nd. — At Home a.m. baptising and 
seeing sick. P.m. wrought some in the garden ; read * 
news-papers and some of the Aprile Review whi6h I got 
at Kelso yesterday. 

Thursday, July 3rd. — Looked over the magazines for 
accounts of North American affairs. Read also what I 
had not read before of February and Aprile Reviews. In 



^ The Presbytery Records show that he had been appointed Clerk on 
6th May. It seems to have been the custom for members to hold this 
office in turn for about a year. 

2 David Hume's Inquiry into the Principles of Morals, published 1751. . 

' The correct title of the book criticised was Analysis of the moral and 
religious sentiments contained in the writings of Sopho and David Hume. 
It appeared anonymously, but the author was the Rev. John Bonar, 
minister of Perth. ' Sopho ' was undoubtedly Lord Kames who had been 
previously assailed under that name by the Rev. George Anderson, 
Chaplain in Watson's Hospital. The ' Observations ' on this pamphlet 
appeared in 1755, and were the work of several of Kames's friends, the 
Rev. Hugh Blair, the Rev. Robert Wallace of the New North Parish, 
perhaps Alexander Wedderburn, and others. Kames himself appeared 
in self-defence in a pamphlet entitled Objections against the Essays on 
Morality and Religion examined; it was published anonymously and he is 
believed to have been again assisted by Hugh Blair. I am indebted for 
the information to the Rev. Dr. Kennedy, Librarian of U.F. College. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 17 

the latter there is an account and specimens of Johnson's 
English Dictionary, which appears to be a valuable work. 

Friday, July 4tih. — Read account of Cape Breton in 
magazines. Revised part of Colden's History of the Five 
Nations. Also looked over sermon for to-morrow at 
Smailholm. 

Saturday, July 5th. — Preached at Smailholm on Psalm 
133. 13, 14. Colleagued with Mr. James Innes,^ who 
retains a good deal of vigour with his old manners. 

Sunday, July 6th. — Lectured on Psalm 72. 10-fin. 
Preached on Matthew 16. 24. Professor Stevenson ^ 
in the kirk, and here with his brother betwixt sermons. 
John Murray of Kinaldy came in the afternoon, and staid 
all night. He had been for some time at Berwick with his 
brother. 

Munday, July 7th. — Was at Home attending a meeting 
for the poor, and seeing sick. P.m. revised some more of 
Colden's History of the Five Nations, which I intend to 
return to-morrow. It is a useful work for understanding 
the affairs of our Colonies with the Indians, and also for 
knowing the manners of these people. The author is a 
man of sense, and a friend to his country, but his talents 
as a writer are not considerable. Read in T. 37 of BibL 
Rais[onne] ^ an account of Charlevoix's History of New 
France,^ also some of the beginning of Lahontan's Voyages 
to North America.^ 

Wednesday, July 9th. — Read most of the day last March 
and May magazines, the latter of which I got from Berwick 



^ James Innes, son of Robert Innes, wine merchant, Leith : minister of 
Mertoun 1718-67. 

2 John Stevenson, LL.D., Professor of Logic in the University of Edin- 
burgh. He had a brother who was tenant of Home Byres and an intimate 
friend of the diarist. 

^ Bibliotheca Raisonie des ouvrages des savans des I' Europe. 51 vols. 
12 mo. Amsterdam 1728-53. 

* Pierre Frangois Xavier de, Charlevoix, His Histoire et Description 
■generate de la Nouvelle France avec le Journal Historiqiie a un Voyage, etc., 
was published at Paris in 1744. 

^ Voyages to North America, by Baron Jean de Lahontan, went through 
several editions and was translated into English in 1735. 

B 



18 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

this morning. John Miller ^ drank tea with us p.m., 
having been setting a man's arm which was broke by a 
loaded cart of coals running over it. 

Thursday, July 10th. — Finished the May Magazine, and 
almost finished Lahontan, who adds to his North America 
voyages others to Portugal, Denmark, and Spain. His 
accounts of things are abundantly superficial and often 
injudicious. Yet there is a vivacity and variety in him 
that afford some degree of entertainment. What is best 
worth reading is his account of the manners of the savages 
and of the beaver. 

Friday, July 11th. — Was beginning to read Lahontan 
when James Turnbull ^ and his neighbour, the Laird of 
Middleton, called in their way to Home Byres. Followed 
them and dined there and staid till the evening. The 
Professor still there. 

Saturday, July 12th. — Preached at Sprouston on Psalm 
132. 13, 14. Colleagued with Joseph Leek. Came home in 
the evening and did something for to-morrow. 

Sunday, July ISth. — John Stevenson, William and his 
wife dined with us and sate till the evening. 

Munday, July 14}th. — Looked out some sermons for 
assisting John Hume, and saw a sick child, a.m.; afternoon 
went to Sir Robert's with Nancy. Maddy set out to-day 
for Moffat, and Miss goes in a day or two to the sea. 
Came home in the evening, and slept on Kennet's Roman 
Antiq.^ 

Tuesday, July 15th. — Read Lahontan to an end, which 
I believe I had never done before. Read the Observa- 
tions on the Analysis of Heresies contained in the writings 
of Sopho and David Hume, which is ascribed to young 
Wedderburn.^ It is wrote with sense and temper. 



1 John Miller was the local doctor probably in Kelso. He was not yet 
qualified, but took bis degree of M.D. at Edinburgh later, as is mentioned 
in the Diary. 

2 James Turnbull, minister of Linton 1743-80. 

3 Basil Kennet (1674-1715), President of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 
1 714 : published Roniae Antiqiiae Notitia 1696. 

* See ante, p. 16, n. 3. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 19 

and convicts in several instances the analyser of mis- 
representations by quoting falsely or imperfectly. Wrote 
some things into Medical Adversaria?- Took last night 
and this morning some Glauber's Salts dissolved in whey, 
having had some scurvy spots and also a gravedo from 
cold. 

Wednesday, July 16th. — Wrote some things into Medical 
Adversaria. John Hume of Greenlaw came here p.m. in 
great distress and perplexity, occasioned by a very unlucky 
affair. The whole of his session with the Laird of Angel- 
raw, a great poltroon, at their head, have protested 
against his employing Willy Home at his sacrament, and 
have threatened to lay down their offices if he does. 
This aversion to W. arises from an unhappy story that 
has been long very publick in the country, of a servant 
girl who left his family now two years ago with child. She 
was delivered at Lamberton of twins, and would never 
name the father of them. She has been both before the 
session of Mordington and Presbytery of Chirnside, but 
would confess to neither, alledging a rape committed by a 
person unknown, though I know not if even in this she has 
been perfectly uniform. Of late she has gone over into the 
English Border, and it is said is well supported. All these 
circumstances have raised a very general suspicion and 
clamour that Willy Home is guilty. And though the 
more candid by no means think so, yet to all there is too 
much ground for suspecting that the true father of the 
child is industriously concealed, though not unknown to 
Willy. John has informed Willy of this affair, also con- 
sulted about it with Monteith and Laurie, and spoke of 
it to Lord Marchmont. The consequences on either side 
of employing Willy or not doing it may be very disagree- 
able, as is sufficiently obvious, so that he is not yet fully 
determined what to do ; though certainly he is in honour 
bound to employ Willy if he himself does not consent to 



^ His notebook in which Ridpath entered any medical receipts or 
information he came across. He seems to have prescribed largely for the 
simpler ailments of his parishioners. 



20 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

decline it. My Lord Marchmont entered sanguinely too 
into the side of supporting him and he must also be 
pleased. I did little rest of the evening but muse on this 
unlucky affair.^ 

Thursday, July 17th. — Weather the same ; went with 
John Stevenson and William to dine in Mr. Lundy's. 
Thomas Pollock and Robert Turnbull also there acci- 
dentally. Staid till the evening. Saw last night's London 
news-papers, but there is nothing at all in them. 

Friday, July 18th. — Got a letter in the morning from 
John Hume, informing me that his elders had dropt their 
opposition to Willy Home, Angelraw chiefly promoting 
the changes from what cause he cannot certainly divine. 
Through the day wrote more into Medical Adversaria, also 
an introduction to a sermon for Greenlaw. Read and 
ruled some of my Journals, and wrought a while in the 
evening in the garden. 

Saturday, July 19th. — Rode to Greenlaw, where Laurie ^ 
and Monteith ^ preached. Angelraw had been prevailed 
on by Andrew Home of Otterburn, sent to him by Mon- 
teith, to desist from his opposition to Willy Home. 

Sunday, July 20th. — Assisting at Greenlaw. Preached 
and prayed about two hours in the 'forenoon. Served four 
Tables, and preached to all the people p.m., which was a 
good deal of labour, yet was not greatly distrest with it. 
No other assistant but Monteith. Willy Home was to 
have been also there, but John dreaded that the unhappy 
story of his elders and their opposition might have some 
disagreeable effects. 



1 This ' unlucky affair ' does not seem to have a shadow of foundation, 
and the objectors themselves, as we shall see, shortly withdrew their 
charges. William Home of Polwarth had at this time been married 
for eighteen years and was father of many children. He was the last 
person to be guilty of a vulgar amour, and there is no reason ta believe 
that the story was other than malignant country gossip. 

2 James Laurie, minister of Langton 1734-57 : afterwards minister of 
Hawick. 

^ Robert Monteith, minister of Longformacus 1735-76. Carlyle says 
he was an adept in that rather rough raillery or chaff which was 
characteristic of the dinner tables of the period. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 21 

Munday, July 21st, — Dickson of Dunse ^ and Willy 
Home preached. Willy very popularly, so as probably to 
give his hearers very favourable impressions of him. 
Willy Home of Fogo's daughter and Angelraw's two 
daughters dined with us. Sate with John till the evening 
and then was prevailed with to go over to Polwarth 
where Mary Nealson was. Dickson supped there. Mon- 
teith and I staid all night. 

Tuesday, July 22nd. — Came from Polwarth about 11. 
Called here in passing for the Minutes of last Presbytery, 
and went to Ednam, where I arrived just as dinner was 
beginning. The Presbytery met there to visit kirk and 
manse, but none of the Heritors being present, nor a 
sufficient number of workmen, nothing could be done. 
Only we thought it proper that it should be proposed to 
the Heritors that if they remove the kirk, the manse, 
which is at present very ruinous, should be also rebuilt in 
its neighbourhood. Came home in the evening and slept 
on the second volume of Complete System of Geography, 
which I got from Kelso last Saturday. Had a letter from 
Philip in which he informs me that the two eldest Bridge- 
waters 2 had come to Berwick on the Monday of last week 
but without any money, which is most vexatious. 

Saturday, July 26th. — Prepared for to-morrow, and read 
System of Geography. Am reading the Account of our 
North- American Colonies, the state of which I want to 
be well acquainted with. 

Tuesday, July 29th. — Read as yesterday, and was at 

1 Adam Dickson, minister of Duns 1750-69; of Wbittinghame 1769-76 : 
son of Andrew Dickson, minister of Aberlady. Carlyle terms him ' a noble 
ecclesiastic and master of agriculture.' 

2 The Bridgewaters, to whom reference is frequently made, were from 
the West Indies. They were probably at one time pupils of PhiHp Ridpath, 
and in some way or other owed him a considerable sum of money. This 
connection with Philip may have arisen from the fact that there was a 
George Balderstone, a surgeon at St. Cristophers, who was probably a 
relative of the Ridpaths, as we know that there was an 'Aunt Balder- 
stone ' living at Berwick. This Dr. Balderstone married, in 1710, Rebecca, 
daughter of Gilbert Laurie of Crossrig, minister of Hutton 1698- 1727. 
The Diary rather indicates that the money was eventually repaid or in the 
way of being repaid. 



22 DIARY 01 GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

Todrig a.m. seeing a sick woman. This Complete System 
of Geography is a work full of blunders, and of no elegance, 
yet there are many curious things in it extracted from 
good authors. Some of the maps, too, are from good 
originals, particularly those of North America from 
Charlevoix. But they are copied in a very careless blun- 
dering manner as to spelling of names, etc. Have some 
little maps in my magazines, copied from the same originals, 
but more correctly. Added some places to them from 
the larger maps of this book. 

Wednesday, July 30th. — Read as yesterday a.m. Went 
to Eccles p.m. Found Philip here in the evening on my 
return, who has been at Learmouth since Saturday. He is 
sadly perplexed about the Bridgewaters, from whom he 
has little probability of getting money in any definite 
time. ^ 

Thursday, July Slst. — Preached at Ednaih on Mr. 
Pollock's Fastday. Colleagued with Wilson of Coldstream. 
Found in the evening when I came home, Mr. Waite, my 
sister, and their daughter. Did not expect them till next 
week, but my sister wanted to be at James' Fair.^ 

Friday, August 1st. — Being obliged to go to Eyemouth 
to the Sacrament which is on Sunday, and my horse being 
unable to carry me, rode down in the chaise with Mr. 
Waite ; Philip also rode along. Called in the evening at 
Aunt Balderstone's and supped with the Doctor, where 
were also Mr. Waite and Gowdie.^ 

Munday, August Uh. — Rode to Berwick in the evening. 
James Allan went in with us to accompany a relation of his 
who had come from Berwick along with Adam Murray ^ — 
one Angely, a son of Angely the minister at Rotterdam. 



* St. James's Fair, held at Kelso on or about the Saint's Day, 25th July. 
It is still a large and important fair. 

2 John Goudie or Goldie, originally a teacher in Heriot's Hospital, 
Edinburgh, was ordained minister of High Meeting House, Berwick, in 
1754 ; minister of Penicuik 1760 ; and of Temple 1771-88 : married, 1759, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. Neilson, Berwick. 

* Adam Murray, a teacher at Ladykirk 1749: in .1756 he became 
minister of the Low Meeting, Berwick: minister of Abbey St. Bathans 
1759-74 and of Eccles 1774-97. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 23 

This lad is in trade in that city, and has come over to 
look out for customers. Supped in Ridpath's with him 
and some town's people. 

Tuesday, August 5th. — Set out from Berwick about 11, 
on a hireling, and got to Kelso at 3, where we had a Presby- 
tery. Several people along with us, it being St. James' 
Fair Day. Had also a Library meeting, which for the 
same reason was very thinly attended. Came home in 
the evening with my sisters, who were at the Fair. 

[Some pages have been torn out of the MS. here. The 
next date is] 

Tuesday, August 12th. — Rode to Home a.m. to talk to 
some people that had been guilty of irregularities. Mr. 
Dawson and his wife here at dinner and tea ; also William 
Dickson's wife at tea. Read what I had not read before 
of June's Magazine. 

Wednesday, August ISth. — Read chiefly in the last pub- 
lished volume of Philosophical Transactions, which I got 
from the Library in the morning. Heard from Berwick at 
night. Philip returned to Learmouth ^ with Mr. Compton 
on Saturday night and went to Berwick yesterday to see 
the Bridgewaters before they go. Expect him here 
to-morrow. 

Thursday, August 14^/i. — Read Philosophical Transac- 
tions, where there are some curious papers on electricity 
by Watson, 2 Wilson,^ and Canton.* Was in the glebe also 
seeing lint pulled. Philip arrived about 9 from Berwick 
by way of Whitsum and Eccles. 

Friday, August 15th. — Chatted most of the day with 
Philip. Read some papers in the Bibl. Rais. and Magazine 



^ Learmouth is about a mile south of Cornhill. 

2 Benjamin Watson (1721-88) practised as portrait painter in Dubhn 
and London : received Royal Society's medal for electrical experiments : 
succeeded Hogarth as sergeant painter 1764. 

3 Sir William Wilson (1715-87), a London physician and naturalist 
who wrote on electrical experiments. 

* John Canton (1718-72), schoolmaster in London and electrician. 



24 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

relating to Electricity. Robert Turnbull and his niece on 
their way from Lothian came in the evening and staid all 
night. 

Saturday, August 16th. — Prepared for to-morrow. 
Robert Turnbull and Philip went to Home Byres to dine. 
Doby the Kelso schoolmaster was there also and drank 
tea here in the afternoon ; is disposed to talk a good deal 
and seems to be a pretty good scholar. Mr. Waite came 
in the evening. 

Tuesday, August 19th. — Read some of the Philosophical 
Transactions, also The Art of Sinking, and Cadenus and 
Vanessa in Swift's Miscellanies. In the former there are 
many fine strokes of humour and raillery, though on the 
whole it is but a hungry composition. Mrs. Pollock and 
her son Thomas here at tea p.m. 

Wednesday, August 20th. — Revised some of Philosophical 
Transactions, etc. Diverted myself an hour or two with 
looking at places in the neighbourhood through Mr. 
Waite' s reflecting telescope. Mr. Dawson called and sate 
a while before dinner. P.m. walked to Ednam with my 
sisters and drank tfea. 

Thursday, August 21st. — Rode to Sprouston with my 
sisters and the two Mr. Stevensons. Robert sent his 
horses for us. Mr. Lundy also there. After tea came up 
to Kelso. Supped in Mr. Dawson's, where my sisters 
staid. Robert Turnbull and I staid all night in Mr. 
Lundy's. 

Friday, August 22nd. — Breakfasted in Mr. Dawson's, and 
dined in Mr. Lundy's. Drank tea in Mr. Dobie's, whose 
wife is a genteel, agreeable woman. Paid a visit to the 
bridge a.m., where they have made a great progress in 
the first arch. 

Saturday, August 23rd. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
read some of the Scots Magazines for May and June, which 
I got from the Library yesterday. Attended Thomas 
Underwood,^ putting up two new shelves in my closet, 
where I wanted them much. 



1 The joiner at Stitchcl. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 25 

Sunday, August 2Uh. — Lady Don ^ in the kirk and her 
boy — a very pretty child. 

Munday, August 25th. — Read some things in the Scots 
Magazines and Philosophical Transactions. P.m. rode 
to Home Byres, with my sister en croupe, and drank 
tea. 

Tuesday, August 26th. — Revised article in Philosophical 
Transactions relating to Gamelin's Flora Sibirica, and 
read an article in the Bibl. RaisonnSe on the same sub- 
ject. Read in Ovid's Metamorphoses the fine story of 
Ceyx and Halcyone,^ and two or three others. Charles at 
Dunse Fair, from which he came very late with a horse. 
Wrought a little in the garden. 

Wednesday, August 27th. — Read a good many things in 
the 47th volume of the Philosophical Transactions, which 
I got in the morning from the Library. It contains the 
papers for years 1751-52, as that I had last contains those 
for 1753. There seems to be a greater proportion of 
curious things in this than in the former. It appears by 
a paper of Watson that the experiment of conveying 
odours and medical virtues in the electrical fluid did not 
succeed with our virtuosos in England after the most 
careful trials. Whence, as well as from the last of Winkler's 
two letters on the subject, it seems more than probable 
that all that the foreigners have published about it is 
fiction or fond conceit. 

Thursday, August 28th. — Rode to Eccles and thence to 
Hirsel ^ with Matthew Dysart, but my Lord was at Cold- 
stream. Came back to Eccles, where I dined and sate 
till the evening. Mr. Hume is there, and two of the Miss 
Purveses * were at tea. 



^ Wife of Sir Alexander Don (married 1750), fourth Baronet of Newton, 
daughter of John Murray of Phihphaugh. She was his second cousin, and 
there is to this day at Newton Don an old stone lion supporting a sun-dial 
and holding a shield with the Don Arms on it impaled with those of Murray 
of PhiUphaugh. 

2 Ceyx and Alcyone, a happy husband and wife who were metamorphosed 
into birds. See Ovid's Met., xi. 410, etc. 

^ The Hirsel, a seat of the Earl of Home, about six miles from Kelso. 

* Probably sisters of Sir Wilham Purves of Purves Hall, .Bart. 



26 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

Friday, August 29th. — Read various things in Philo- 
sophical Transactions. Besides what is mentioned in 
article of Thursday there is an account of a book pubUshed 
by Bianchini at Venice, which is a Collection of experi- 
ments very diligently made by a Society of Literati in 
that city, which all conspire to refute the doctrine of 
odors and medical virtues being communicated by the 
electrical matters, which doctrine came originally from 
Pivati, a physician of that place, and was too rashly adopted 
by Winkler. Heard from market people that the Duke 
of Roxburgh ^ is dead. He has been long in a bad habit, 
dropsical, etc., and had gone to Bath. Peggy Pringle 
gave a call in the evening. 

Saturday, August SOth. — Bad weather and retarding the 
harvest much. Prepared for to-morrow and read some 
articles in Philosophical Transactions. Baillie's wife at 
tea p.m. 

Munday, September 1st. — Read in the morning the argu- 
ment of an Oration of Demosthenes against his rival 
^schines ; through the day some of Philosophical Trans- 
actions, particularly a curious method by Ellicot of cor- 
recting the irregularities of a pendulum arising from 
different degrees of heat, which has been examined, and 
answers very well. Ellicot's method is by applying a rod 
of brass to one of steel. Graham discovered a method of 
producing the same effect by some application of quick- 
silver, which I have not seen explained. Baptised in the 
afternoon a child at the Little Miln. Anny Gibson and 
John Miller here at tea. Expected Mr. Waite to-day, but 
the bad weather must have hindered him. 

Tuesday, September 2nd. — At Kelso a meeting of the 
Presbytery. Had no affairs of consequence. Found Mr. 
Waite here when I came home. 

Thursday, September Uh. — Set out about ten with Mr. 
Waite and his family. Got to Swinton-Quarter a little 
after 12, where we dined. Set out again about 2, and 



1 Robert, second Duke of Roxburghe, died at Bath, 20th August 1755, 
aged about forty-six. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 27 

struck up from them to Whitsum, where I staid all night. 
Mrs. Waugh much better, and tolerably in spirits. Some 
corn cutting in the lower part of Mers. 

Friday, September 5th. — Staid at Whitsum till after 
dinner. G. Friskin there — an old acquaintance. He is at 
present out of business by a man at Alnewick giving way, 
whose clerk he was. Took a walk before dinner to Hill- 
toun, from the kirkyard of which there is a very fine pros- 
pect. Saw a ship distinctly pass through the Berwick 
Bay. Waugh has a good glebe there, which might turn 
to great account if it were enclosed. Came home in the 
evening. Read at night that part of the Scots (July) 
Magazine which contains the news. 

Tuesday, September 9th. — Staid at Sprowstoun till the 
evening. James Turnbull and Lundy came there to dine. 
Had some talk about petitioning the Commissioners of 
Supply in order to our being exempted from the Window- 
tax. They are to have a meeting about this affair next 
Tuesday, having hitherto neglected it, as has been the case 
generally through Scotland. But it is said the Ministry 
are resolved it shall be paid at last.^ 

Wednesday, September 10th. — Read what I had not read 
before of the Philosophical Transactions and revised 
several accounts in them. This 47th volume abounds in 
very curious things. Such are the account of Herculaneum ; 
electrical experiments in vacuo, and from thunder clouds ; 
Canton's method of making loadstones ; Ellicot's de- 
scription of his cloak [clock] ^; Smeaton's air-pump,^ etc. 
Read in the forenoon two of last week's Edinburgh news- 
papers, where was little considerable that I had not seen 
or heard of before. 

Thursday, September 11th. — Got letters in the morning 



^ It was not till 1782 that this matter was finally settled. See Autobio- 
graphy of Alexander Carlyle, who took much interest in it, and had many 
journeys to London on the subject. 

2 John Ellicot, clockmaker and scientist : invented the compensated 
pendulum 1752 : died 1772. 

* John Smeaton (1724-92), civil engineer : built Eddy stone Lighthouse 

1750-9- 



28 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

from Ephraim Neilson and Dr. Grieve.^ The Dr. in- 
forms me that he has finished his Translation of Celsics, 
and asks my opinion about some passages. He also in- 
forms me that he has met with an improved edition by 
Morgagni, published at Padua anno 1752. Read over 
again some of Philosophical Transactions, Mr. Dawson 
here at dinner, and just as we were beginning arrived 
John Home of Athelstaneford and Matthew Dysart. Very 
hearty and rode over with John in the evening to Pol- 
warth, where was Petre of Chappel, whom I got for my 
bedfellow. Thus is all enjoyment on the brink of allays. 

Friday, September 12th. — At Polwarth till the evening. 
Rode a part of the way homeward with Matthew Dysart, 
who had been at Red Braes. Slept on Philos. Trans. 

Saturday, September ISth. — Prepared for to-morrow. 
John Hume of Greenlaw came here to dine, and staid till 
after tea. He brought over with him some of Bacon's 
Works which he has had from me for some time past. 
Had a good deal of talk with him about the odd match 
of Lady Ann Hume ^ with John Patterson, which sets our 
noble Peer in no very advantageous light. 

Munday, September 15th. — Was at Home a.m. seeing 
sick. P.m. went to Sir Robert's with my mother and Nancy. 
In the evening looked over Jimmy Grieve's letter along 
with the passages in Celsus it refers to. 

Tuesday, September IQth. — Messrs. Turnbull and Lundy 
came here and breakfasted according to appointment last 
week. Rode to Gordon, where we dined and drank tea. 
Peggy 3 a promising girlie, sensible and tolerably pretty. 
Thence rode to Westruther on a long -intended visit. 
Frank,* and his wife at Earlstoun. However staid and were 



1 James Grieve, M.D., translator of Celsus de Medicina, physician to 
St. Thomas's Hospital, London : died 1773. 

2 Lady Ann Hume, eldest daughter of Hugh, third Earl of Marchmont, 
married, 23th October 1755, John Paterson, who succeeded his father. Sir 
John, as third Baronet of Eccles, 1759. 

2 Margaret, only daughter of John Bell, minister of Gordon, then a girl 
of about twenty, married, in 1761, John Bradfute, minister of Dunsyre. 

* Francis Scott, minister of Westruther 1738-81 : his wife's name was 
Barbara Ker: his father was Walter Scott, whom he succeeded in the 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 29 

very well entertained by old Mrs. Scot and a sister of Mrs. 
Scot, junior. 

Wednesday, September 17th. — After breakfast rode to 
Earlstoun. Met Mr. Scot and his wife by the way and 
promised to come back to them at night. Dined and 
drank tea at Earlstoun, and came back again to 
Westruther. 

Thursday, September ISth. — Winchester of Jedburgh ^ 
died of a palsy which had seized him on Tuesday. At 
Westruther all day. At night had a very durable bout at 
whist, which afforded a good deal of diversion by us three 
guests being all novices at the game. 

Friday, September 19th. — Played more at whist a.m. 
Fortune favoured the novices. After dinner Mr. Scot came- 
along with us over to Gordon, where we drank tea. Came 
home in the evening ; and fellow-travellers stayed all 
night. 

Saturday, September 20th. — Messrs. Turnbull and Lundy 
stayed till after dinner. After they were gone, did some- 
thing for to-morrow. 

Sunday, September 215^— James Richardson,^ who was 
licensed by the Presbytery of Edinburgh about two months 
ago, came about ten a.m. He lectured for me in the 
forenoon, and preached in the afternoon. I preached a.m. 
on Romans 6. 22. Richardson stayed all night. He 
performed very tolerably. Much better in matter than in 
form. 

Munday, September 22nd. — Gave advice to some patients, 
and went through the passages of Celsus that Dr. Grieve 
desires my opinion about. They are for the most part 
of no great consequence. In one or two places he does not 



parish, and his mother was Sophia, daughter of George Home of 
Bassendean. 

^ James Winchester, minister successively'- of Rafford 171 6, Auldearn 
1726, Elgin 1730, and Jedburgh 1733-55- 

2 James Richardson, at one time a master in George Watson's Hospital, 
Edinburgh : minister of the Wall Knoll's Meeting House, Newcastle, 1756 : 
translated to Makerstoun 1785. Not to be confounded with another James 
Richardson who was licensed by the Presbytery of Kelso in April of this 
year, and ultimately became minister of Morebattle. 



30 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

seem to have entered into his author's meaning. Andrew 
Johnson here at night telling me of a quarrel and scold 
that has happened betwixt Sked's wife and Dickson's, 
which he has been, and Mr. Winter had been, trying in 
vain to make up. 

Tuesday, September 23rc?. — At Home a.m. seeing sick. 
Spoke also to Sked and his wife about the quarrel men- 
tioned above, which I hope will be made up. P.m. a good 
while in the glebe, where we began to cut some barley last 
Thursday and are cutting to-day. It is not all ripe. 
Evening, looked over again the passages in Celsus, and 
read also last week's news-papers. 

Wednesday, September 24//^. — Spent almost the whole 
day in writing to Dr. Grieve and got through in my letter 
to him all the passages concerning which he desires my 
opinion. At night read some scenes of Terence's Adelphi 
with Madam Dacier's translation. 

Thursday, September 25th. — Finished my letter to Dr. 
Grieve and read over again some articles in Philos. Trans., 
which I shall return to-morrow. Find Canton's method 
of making loadstones and Smeaton's improvements of the 
air-pump described in an intelligible enough manner. 
Some time in the glebe and garden. In the latter, cut my 
finger pretty severely in pruning the hornbeam hedge. 

Friday, September 26th. — Read in Bib. Rais. the Account 
of Condamine's Voyage to Peru, and down the Amazon 
River. Not much in it. Read also most of May Review, 
which I got from Kelso. John Waugh and Mr. Pollock 
came to tea from Hawsendean, where they had been attend- 
ing the old man, who is like to make his exit.^ Mr. 
Pollock went home, and John staid all night. 

Saturday, September 27th. — Rainy morning till 11 o'clock. 
Then clouds and sun with breeze west. Read out the May 
Review, also Mead's Medica Sacra, in which there is not 
much. Read also some of the June Review, which I got 
in the evening. 

Munday, September 29th. — Set out after breakfast with 



^ A marginal note says that he died ' on the Sabbath following.' 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH SI 

Mr. Turnbull and Lundy in consequence of an agreement 
when we were last together upon a jaunt eastward. 
Robert Turnbull and I rode to Allanbank to dine, where 
we had expected James Allan to meet us. Had the mis- 
fortune not to find Sir John.^ Staid, however, and dined 
with the Lady ^ and her sister. Walter Anderson ^ also 
there. P.m. rode over to Chyrnside, whither Mr. Lundy 
had gone before us, to see Mrs. Home and her daughter, 
who have been there with the old man * for two or three 
months past. Drank tea there, but saw not the old man 
who is distrest with a cold and his old companion, low 
spirits. James Allan had business at Langtown, which 
carried us all there. Messrs. Turnbull, Lundy, and myself 
lodged in Mr. Laurie's ; James Allan in the Bailie's. 

Tuesday, September SOth. — Breakfasted in Betty Cock- 
burn's, where is Tom and his wife. Came to Dunse betwixt 
11 and 12. Found Monteith, who, together with Cupples 
and Walter Anderson, dined with us in Watson's. Called 
at Alison Bell's and sate with her an hour. In the after- 
noon rode to Eyemouth, where we found all friends well. 

Wednesday, October 1st. — Were at Nether Byres ^ 



1 Sir John Steuart of Allanbank, third Baronet. 

2 The wife of Sir John Steuart of Allanbank was Margaret Agnes, 
daughter of Charles Smith of Boulogne, wine merchant. Her brother 
Hugh married, as her second husband, Elizabeth Seton, the heiress of Touch. 

* Walter Anderson, minister of Chirnside 1 756-1 803 : D.D., Aberdeen 
1769. He was at this time assistant to old Mr. Home. Author of The 
History of Croesus, King of Lydia (said to have been suggested in joke by 
David Hume) 1755 ; several volumes of a History of France, from the 
Accession of Francis II. to the Peace of Munster, 1769-83 ; the Philosophy of 
Ancient Greece 1791 ; and a volume of Lectures on the Psalms. 

* ' The old man,' George Home of Broadhaugh, minister of Chirnside 
1704-55, had not long to Hve, as he died on 5th October following. Who the 
Mrs, Home and her daughter were who attended him, is a matter of con- 
jecture, but she may not unlikely have been the widow of his son Alexander, 
who was Ridpath's predecessor in Stitchel. She was Agnes, daughter 
of John Ewing of Craigton, W.S., and she had a daughter Margaret, now a 
girl of sixteen, who afterwards married George Campbell, minister of 
Lilliesleaf . Mrs. Home herself married, next year, Edward Inglis, druggist, 
Edinburgh. 

^ Nether Byres, near Eyemouth, was the residence of William Crpw, in 
the possession of whose family it had been for some generations. He had 



32 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

a.m., where there is sad desolation, yet not without remains 
of its ancient beauty. Dined and drank tea in Mr. Edgar's 
and rode to Berwick in the evening, where we lodged all 
in Mr. Waite's. Found Will but indifferently recovered 
of a cold and obstinate cough which has thinned him much 
and Mr. Waite confined with a swelled face, the conse- 
quence of a little new stress upon an ancient strain ; the 
rest all well. Got the news of the election ^ on Monday, 
which was rendered tumultuous by the party opposite 
to the Doctor unexpectedly setting up Andrew^ Edmiston 
as a candidate, who got about forty votes ; but as these 
signified nothing, the wise head of the Recorder had 
hatched another plot of annulling the Doctor's election 
by virtue of a by-law of the Guild made thirty or forty 
years ago, by which it is enacted that no man should 
be Mayor who had not served in the inferior offices of 
Alderman or Bailiff. On this plea, Hodgson, whom Wilks' 
people have absolutely gained by their address and flattery, 
refused the Doctor the Staff, or to swear him to his office, 
which produced an unspeakable hubbub. But at last 
the madcap yielded, on which the Doctor took possession. 
The two Delavals were present, and were sufficiently 
humbled by seeing the ridiculous behaviour of the tool 
whom they had raised, and who was also one of the princi- 
pals in bringing them on the stage. They behaved more 
wisely and moderately than on any former occasion ; and 
they are now also reconciled to the Court. Mr. Watson's 
applications and theirs together had obtained an order 
from the Commissioners of Customs to David Ross to 
desist from his pretensions to the mayoralty, which was a 
horrible disappointment to Wilks' people, and has produced 
all this confusion. 

Thursday^ October 2nd. — Breakfasted, dined, and supped 
in Mr. Waite's, and made calls on several of my friends. 
Drank tea in my aunt's, who is looking very well. 



(lied about 1 750, and the place had apparently been given up as a residence. 
He was probably the husband of Mrs. Craw or Crow, who, with her daughter 
Polly, is frequently mentioned in the Diary. 
^ For the mayoralty of Berwick. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 83 

Friday, October Srd. — James Allan came to town. Along 
with him saw Somervail, who seems to be in a low danger- 
ous way. He was cut for the stone about three weeks ago. 
Saw two stones of a considerable size and weight (betwixt 
two and three ounces) that were taken out of his bladder. 
He has sad piles, on which the urine dripping through the 
wound gives him great torment. 

Saturday, October Uh. — Set out with my fellow-travellers 
from Berwick after 11 a.m., and got to Sprouston betwixt 
two and three. Came home in the evening, and did some- 
thing for to-morrow. Found all my corn cut ; it was 
finished yesterday, but none of it is led. 

Munday, October 6th. — Read some of June and July 
Magazines, and revised some of the last Review ; par- 
ticularly the Abstract from Pontoppidan's History of 
Norway,^ which seems to be a very good work. Dined 
and drank tea at Mr. Pollock's. Took a view of the 
ground where it is proposed to rebuild the Kirk and 
manse. 

Tuesday, October 7th, — Attended the Presbytery, where 
we had several little 'affairs. Drank tea in Mr. Lundy's 
and eat a good many of his plumbs. Brought home the 
July Review and August Scots Magazine, and read some 
things in them evening and night. 

Wednesday, October 8th. — Was at Home a.m. putting 
an end to the affair betwixt William Dickson's wife and 
Sked's. William Winter and Andrew Johnson along with 
me. Found some difficulty in it. P.m. supervised and 
helped a little in building the hay-stack, in which we were 
a good deal incommoded by the wind. Evening read 
magazines and reviews, among other articles the Bishop of 
Bergen's Account of Sea-monsters, which is very extra- 
ordinary and yet seems to be founded on a careful examina- 
tion of proper evidences. 

Thursday, October 9th. — James Turnbull and C. Lundy 
came about twelve. They dined and staid all night. 



1 Eric Pontoppidan, Bishop of Bergen. His Natural History of Norway 
was translated from the Danish. 2 vols., folio, London 1755' 

C 



84 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

Their intention was to have gone to Eccles, but they had 
been too late in leaving Kelso. 

Friday, October 10th. — Went with my guests to Eccles 
and dined. Heard there a report of an invasion medi- 
tating from France, and a fleet of men-of-war and trans- 
ports prepared for that purpose at Rochelle. 'Tis said, 
too, that the Duke of Argyle has been sent for per express. 
Came home in the evening and read Avison's Essay on 
Musical Expression,^ which I brought from the library 
on Tuesday ; a work in which there is sense, spirit, and 
good taste. But a considerable part of it is beyond my 
understanding by reason of my ignorance of musick. 

Saturday, October 11th. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
read out the Reviews and Magazines. Got all my corn 
led in, and the hay-stack right built, which we were 
hindered from doing on Wednesday by night coming on. 
John Miller and Mr. Dawson called p.m. in their way to 
a dance at Sir Robert's. 

Munday, October ISth. — Richardson came here in the 
morning and staid till after dinner. P.m. wrought in the 
garden digging ground for tulips, etc. At night revised 
some of the Magazines, Reviews, and Avison, which last 
is really a very pretty work. 

Tuesday, October lUh. — Read last week's news-papers. 
Rest of day and night revised some parts of my last 
Magaziiies relating to North America, and some pieces 
of Stanley's Lives of the Philosophers,'^ which I got in the 
morning from the library, with which I was very well 
pleased. 

Wednesday, October 15th. — Read in the morning some of 
Gaiter ; in the day Stanley ; part of his account of Thales, 
which entertained me much ; in the evening Cicero's 
Letters to Atticus, beginning where I left off last spring near 
the beginning of vol. 5, and at night most of Madam 



^ Charles Avison (1710-70), organist of St. Nicholas, Newcastle. His 
Essay on Musical Expression was first published in 1752. 

2 The History of Philosophy, long a standard work, by Thomas Stanley 
(1625-78), classical scholar, and descendant of Edward Stanley, third 
Earl of Derby : the book went through several editions. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 85 

Dacier's Preface to her Terence. This is my plan of 
reading for part at least of the winter before me. 

Thursday, October IGth. — Richardson came here after 
breakfast and staid till after dinner. Read as yesterday, 
and wrought a little in the garden. 'Tis an infinite pity, 
and what Millar deserves to be whipt for, that Stanley 
should be printed so incorrectly. 

Friday, October 17th. — Planted my tulips and ranun- 
culuses, tho' the ground is rather too wet yet ; did not care 
to delay it longer. Robert Turnbull here at dinner : came 
to borrow 2nd vol. of L' Enfant' s [sic] New Testament.^ 
Amused ourselves in the afternoon with the telescope, which 
showed distinctly two remarkable spots in the sun. After 
he was gone, looked also at the moon through it, 'whose 
shades and luminous points and streams make a very 
singular appearance. Read some of the beginning of the 
Athenian History in order to prepare for reading Stanley's 
Account of Solon. Evening and night read as yesterday. 

Saturday, October 18th. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
read in the evening Letters to Atticus. Aly and B. Pollock 
here at dinner and tea. 

Sunday, October 19th. — Got a letter from Philip, in which 
he writes me that Somervail died yesterday morning and 
that Mr. Compton of Learmouth is either dead or just 
dying. 

Munday, October 20th. — Read some Hebrew, and some 
of Stanley's Philosophers, and was a good while in garden 
and glebe a.m. P.m. went to Sir Robert's with Nancy, 
where we found Littledean's people, younger and older. 2 

^ Le nouvean Testament . . , traduit h Frangois par Mess'^^ Beausolve et 
Lenfant. J. Lenfant (1661-1725) was pastor of the French Protestant 
Church at Berlin, and Chaplain to the King. 

^ The Littledean people, younger and older, were at this time John 
Strother Ker and his second wife Jean, widow of George Lord Ramsay, 
eldest son of the sixth Earl of Dalhousie, daughter of the Hon. Harvey 
Maule of Kellie and sister of William, Earl of Panmure. Walter Ker, 
younger, of Littledean, was, however, a son by his father's first wife Marion, 
daughter of James Pringle of Torwoodlee, and a sister of Lady Pringle of 
Stitchel. He had married, in 1754, Dorothy, daughter of Alexander 
CoUingwood of Unthank, who is the ' young beauty ' who did not meet 
with Ridpath's approbation. 



36 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

Saw the young Beauty, who has a pretty face, also 
a neat little person. But her face scarce expresses 
anything but pertness, her voice coarse, her manner of 
speaking rapid and disagreeable, and her look or mien 
nothing of that sweetness or softness feminine which is 
so ready to captivate, so that it is really a little odd she 
should have been married for love. But tastes are 
infinite. Nancy and I sate after this company were gone 
till supper was over. 

Tuesday, October 2\st. — A.m. read a little Hebrew and 
last week's news-papers. Read Stanley p.m. Cicero and 
Terence evening and night. 

Wednesday, October 22nd. — Much corn still to lead, and 
to the north not a little to cut. Read almost all the Life 
of Solon in Universal History, and compared it with Stanley. 
The account given by the latter is upon the whole much 
more valuable, even of his Laws, which fall properly into 
the subject of the Universal Historians. They have 
copied several of his translations both in verse and prose. 
Will came home in the evening by the way of Whitsum, 
where he staid two nights. He is tolerably well again. 
Read in the evening Letters to Atticus, and slept on 
Plautus's Amphitruo, which is very droll.^ 

Thursday, October 23rd. — Set out for Hirsel to see Lord 
Home, but, not finding him, rode to Coldstream, where I 
staid all night. Andrew Chatto and his wife came there 
in the evening. Drank tea in John Ker's. 

Saturday, October 25th. — Preached at Kelso on Matt. 5. 8. 
Colleagued with Robert Turnbull. Came home in the 
evening and found Richard Brown here, who is soon to be 
settled at Kingarth in the Isle of Bute. Got some chat 
from him about that country, where he spent three months 
of the Summer. 

Sunday, October 26th. — Was at Kelso assisting Mr. 
Lundy. Had five and a half Tables of Communicants. 
Mr. Pollock preached p.m. I preached in the Schoolhouse 



^ The Amphitruo of Plautus has always been a popular play, and has 
been imitated both by MoU^re and Dryden, 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH Si 

and served a Table. Robert and James Turnbull also 
there. Staid all night with Robert in the Drs. 

Munday, October 27th. — Messrs. Chatto and Dysart 
preached at Kelso. I came home in the evening. 
Richard Brown came here and staid all night. Had 
more Highland and West Country chat from him. 

Tuesday, October 28th. — Rode down to the Synod with 
Richard Brown and W. Trotter/ who had brought his 
wife to the Synod and called here in passing. Thomas 
Scot preached long and heavily. Chose W. Trotter 
Moderator. Dined in Thomas Dawson's, and in the 
evening sederunt went through the last year's Minutes. 
Had no manner of business. Sate pretty late in Mrs. 
Wood's with a pretty large company. 

Wednesday, October 29th. — The Synod rose about 2, 
after going through the ordinary forms. Censured the 
Presbytery of Chyrnside for proceeding to settle Buchanan 
at Fowlden without moderating a Call, which was owing 
to a wild humour of Wilkie the Patron, which some of them 
were disposed to gratify. Dined in Mr. Lundy's and drank 
tea in Dobby's. Sate till betwixt 10 and 11 in Mrs. Wood's 
at and after revising the Minutes ; and came home with 
James Allan betwixt 11 and 12. 

Thursday, October SOth. — Attended a Committee ap- 
pointed at Ednam to view the ground in which the heritors 
propose to rebuild the Kirk and manse. James Allan went 
along ; Andrew Chatto and Lundy also there. Mr. Potts 
attended for the heritors, who are very little disposed to do 
anything obliging to Mr. Pollock. Andrew Chatto came 
up with us in the evening and staid all night. 

Friday, October Slst. — James Allan and Andrew left us 
about 11. Andrew got my horse, both his own being so 
ill of something that looks too like being colded that they 
are scarce fit for travelling. Walked in the glebe. Dozed 
and read a sermon of Will's for the Divinity Hall, which 
may do tolerably with a few ammendments. In the 



1 William Trotter, minister of Selkirk 1742-71. His wife's name was 
Elizabeth Mackill. ' 



38 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

evening read Letters to Atticus and slept on the Oration for 
Ligarius. 

Saturday, November 1st. — Weather the same. Prepared 
for to-morrow. Read the preface and looked over the 
NouveUe Methode Latine which Dobby sent me up by a 
peatman. It professes to give the substance of Sanetius, 
Scioppius ^ and Vossius.^ Evening read Letters to Atticus 
and slept on the Oratio pro Ligario. 

Munday, November Srd. — At Home a.m. seeing sick and 
baptising. P.m. read the Account of the City and State 
of Athens in Universal History, vol. 6, which is lame 
enough. Evening read Letters to Atticus, and at night 
corrected a lecture that Will has prepared for the Hall, 
which on the whole is rather better than expectation. 

Tuesday, November Uh. — Read part of Stanley's Life 
of Socrates. The collection of his sayings and maxims 
is a very fine one. Read also his translation of Aristo- 
phanes' Clouds, which is very tolerable ; some of it very 
good, even in respect of the poetry. Evening and night 
read Letters to Atticus and Madame Dacier's Terence. 
• Wednesday, November 5th. — At Kelso attending the 
Presbytery and Library meeting. Was chosen Moderator 
in my turn. Scarce any business at the Presbytery. At 
the Library settled our year's accounts and gave our great 
commission for books. Also drew up a contract for per- 
petuating the Library and paying an annual sum toward 
its increase and support ; which was subscribed by all 
present, and is to be circulated amongst the absent mem- 
bers. Lodged in Mr. Lundy's with Messrs. Chatto, J. 
Turnbull, and M. Dysart. 

Thursday, November 6th. — Came from Kelso to Ednam 
along with Mr. Dysart. Drew up a Memorial about Mr. 
Pollock's Kirk, manse, etc., to be transmitted to the 
heritors of the parish of Ednam. Came home in the 



1 Kasper Scioppius (1576-1649), a great scholar and philologist. He 
was an acrid and venomous controversialist and very unpopular in his day. 

" Gerard Ian Vossius (1577-1649), a great and industrious scholar, and 
author of many works, chiefly on ancient history. 



1755] BIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 89 

evening and read the September Magazine which PhiUp 
sent me last night from Berwick. 

Friday, November 7th. — Read Stanley through the day. 
Finished his Life of Socrates, which is a judicious interest- 
ing collection and the fullest I have met with on the 
subject. At evening and night read Letters to Atticics and 
Terence. 

Saturday, November 8th. — Read a bit of Socrates' Apology 
in Plato, along with Ficinus' ^ translation, which I find will 
make him read easily enough. Evening and night read 
Letters to Atticus and Terence. 

Munday, November 10th. — Will set out for Edinburgh in 
the morning along with Mr. Dawson's prentice and two 
boys of John Dawson of Harper-Town. Looked over in 
the forenoon Kincaid and Donaldson's Account of books 
for the Library which was put into my hands to examine 
at last meeting. By comparing their prices with those 
in the catalogue of the London Magazine, I find they 
have dealt with us fairly enough, being much oftener, 
and a good deal more, under, than over, the prices 
there. Read Stanley, Letters to Atticus, and Terence. 
In the evening looked to the moon and saw very 
distinctly what I have often heard and read of : 
lucid points at a considerable distance within the dark 
part of the disk, also the lacunae in the illuminated part 
partly enlightened and the rest in shade and lucid points 
in the middle of some of them. 

Tuesday, November 11th. — Walked to Home and.Todrig 
to see sick and baptise. Was not at all fatigued with it. 
P.m. read the account of Socrates in the Universal History, 
where everything is transcribed from Stanley with only a 
few changes, often for the worse, to make the stile sound 
a little more modern. Evening read Letters to Atticus, 
and chatted a good while with T. Underwood. Slept on 
Ruddiman's Grammar, p. 1. 

Thursday, November 13th. — Went to Hardy's-mill-place 



1 Marsilius Ficinus published a translation of Plato info Latin (Florence, 
1483-4), which has been frequently reprinted. 



40 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

to baptise a child. When I came home, found my good 
friend Mr. Temple and John Turner here. They had been 
at Kelso last night on an arbitration of the affair betwixt 
Turner and Andrew Ker. Ker's Arbiter was W. Ramsay. 
They have finished it, and give Turner much less than he 
expected. He was, however, in roaring spirits. Mr. 
Lundy came with them. Turner went away before 
dinner. The Collector and Mr. Lundy staid and dined. 
Would fain have had Mr. Temple to stay all night, but 
he had resolved to go to Paxton, though I imagine the bad- 
ness of the night would detain him at Kelso. (Marginal 
note, — He got forward not without difficulty.) Read in 
the evening Letters to Atticus, and slept on the Nouvelle 
Methode. 

Munday, November 17//^.— Read in Stanley the end of 
Plato's Life, and part of Alcinus' Abstract of his Philosophy, 
which Stanley has subjoined as the best. Upon the whole 
it seems to be very good, and as intelligible as the subject 
will admit. Evening and night read Letters to Atticus and 
Terence. Wrote also to Will. 

Tuesday, November ISth. — Read Stanley and finished the 
Letters to Atticus, which have been a pretty lasting piece 
of work. I intend, however, to revise them again, par- 
ticularly the more remarkable and instructive places in 
the notes, before I lay them aside. 

Wednesday, November 19th. — Read Stanley's Account 
of the Platonick Philosophy to an end, which has entertained 
me a good deal. It concludes with a Discourse of Picus 
of Mirandula in explication of a sonnet of Benivieni, 
the subject the Platonick doctrine of love.^ Corrected 
many gross typographical errors, though many no doubt 
still remain. Never was there a good book so horribly 
mangled in the printing. Looked at night to a sermon for 
Makerstoun to-morrow, which is the Fast-Day before the 
Sacrament. 

Thursday, November 20th. — Rode to Makerstoun and 
preached ; coUeagued with Abraham Ker. Began to 

^ The author of the * Discourse ' was Picus, Earl of Mirandula : the 
* Sonnet ' is really a poem of about 150 lines. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 41 

revise again the Letters to Atticus in the evening. Slept 
on Terence. 

Friday, November 21st. — Read a.m. some of Stanley : 
p.m. went to Sir Robert's with Nancy and staid till after 
supper. Had a line from Philip with a letter enclosed 
from Dr. Grieve, in which he informs me that more than 
half of his Translation from Celsus is printed. He tells 
me also of sad alarms he has had also about other Trans- 
lations, which has obliged him to hasten. And the ad- 
vertisements he has put intb the papers of his intended 
publication have procured him the countenance and assist- 
ance of some very eminent and learned men, particularly 
Dr. Hunter the Anatomist,^ who, besides giving him his 
judgment about a difficult passage, put into his hand a 
copy of Celsus that had belonged to Dr. Mead ^ and had 
many marginal notes of his handwriting, and also Sharp 
the famous surgeon,^ who has undertaken to revise all 
the anatomical and chirurgical part of the Translation 
and to give his corrections, and having also read what is 
printed, approves of it much. These are very encouraging 
circumstances, so that I hope the Dr. will both gain 
reputation and make some profit by his undertaking. 
Saw at Sir Robert's the Edinburgh papers, where there is 
nothing of moment. Saw also the prize medal which 
Dr. Pringle * received from the Royal Society for his 
experiments about Putrefaction, which he sent to Sir 
Robert to be deposited among the KeifirfKia^ of the Family; 
also a very handsome Discourse delivered to the Society 
on the subjects of the Dr.'s work, with a short address to 
him on delivering the medal, both by Lord Brooke, who 
was then in the Chair. Also a letter from Mezeas, a 
French Abbe in the family of the Marshal de Noailles, 

^ William Hunter (1718-83), anatomist, brother of the more celebrated 
John Hunter, than whom he was ten years older. 

2 Richard Mead (1673-1754), physician to George 11., and author of 
several medical treatises : pioneer of inoculation. 

' Samuel Sharp (1700-78), published several surgical treatises which 
formed the link connecting the old methods of surgery with the new 
methods formulated by William Hunter. 

* See post, p. 182, n. 3. ^ Heirlooms. 



42 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

containing a great eloge of the Dr. on the Diseases of 
the Army, and with the Marshal's thanks for a present 
the Dr. had sent him of it and an account of a project 
the Abbe had of translating it, which he has since done, 
and made a very considerable sum by his translation. 
These things are of an old date, that is about the time of 
publishing the Dr.'s book. Saw also a letter from Lord 
Stanhope to Lord Westmoreland, who is High Steward 
of the University of Oxford, desiring Westmoreland's 
interest for procuring the Dr. a Degree from that Univer- 
sity, which is necessary to his having admission to the 
London College of Physicians. Stanhope's letter is wrote 
very sensibly. I suppose it has been sent to Mellerstain, 
for it was the original I saw. 

Munday, November 24//^. — Rode to Eccles to dine after 
having wrote to Will. Staid at Eccles all night. A 
daughter of Sir William Purves's there who was a little 
weight on our society. 

Tuesday, November 25th. — Came home from Eccles before 
dinner. Read afternoon and evening Stanley, where I dis- 
covered two very considerable mistakes — one in a trans- 
lation from Cicero and another in a point of chronology, 
which, with other circumstances, prove the execution of 
the work to be hasty and incorrect ; though it is full of 
excellent things. 

Wednesday, November 26th. — Read Stanley's Life of 
Aristotle. In the evening Letters to Atticus, and at night 
Nepos's Life of Atticus, which is very elegant and wrote 
very much like a friend, as Nepos was, of Atticus. 

Thursday, November 27th. — Walked to Home to baptise 
and see sick. Dined at William Stevenson's, and came 
home in the evening. Evening and night wrote to James 
Allan and transcribed for him my inscriptions on Francis 
Pringle,^ Crow,^ and his father, the two latter of which I 
made in summer last. Read also most part of the October 



1 Perhaps Sir Robert's uncle, a younger son of the first Baronet, and 
called by Ridpath old Frankie. Cf. p. 103, n. i. 

2 Crow and his father were probably' the Nether Byres family. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 43 

Magazine, which came from Berwick to-day with a letter 
from Philip. 

Friday, November 28th. — Read Stanley all the day 
and evening. Read his Account of Aristotle's Logick 
and Physics, where are many characters of great 
genius. But its efforts in a great measure useless, in 
the last of these Sciences, by its consulting itself rather 
than the nature of things. At night read the History of 
Alexander in Justin, who affects an elegance he is far from 
attaining. At night I often find myself so much ex- 
hausted as to be unable without some violence to follow 
a plan of reading. Hence am often led to vary it, which 
in some respects may be as useful as following out a 
plan. 

Saturday, November 29th. — Read some of the Scots 
Magazine for September which W. Stevenson sent me. 
It belongs to the Library. There is a long, ill-natured 
paper in it against Lord Kames. Thomas Dawson dined 
with us. Evening read Letters to Atticus. Finished the 
first Book. The impression of these first Letters, which 
are the best in the collection, I find more effaced than I 
could have thought, but persist in the purpose of making 
them familiar. At night looked for something for to- 
morrow at Kelso. 

Munday, December 1st. — Read the rest of the account of 
Aristotle's Philosophy in Stanley. His account of the 
Morals is very paltry, being taken from Hobaeus. What 
he extracts from the originals himself is far better done. 
Evening read some of Cicero's Familiar Epistles. Am 
now going to read them and the Letters to Atticus by turns. 
Slept on Horace, whom I have scarce opened since I read 
his Odes with Francis's Translation in the spring. Also 
wrote to Will and looked over an old Exegesis De Necess. 
Div. Rev. which I am to send him, he having got the same 
subject assigned him by the Professor for one. 

Tuesday, December 2nd. — Read the Newcastle Paper 
which some people in the town get. There is in the last 
Post of it a dismal account of an earthquake at Lisbon 
which happened on the 1st of November. Read some of 



44 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

the Chaldaick Philosophy in Stanley, comparing it with, 
and correcting it by, Le Clere's Translation. Evening 
read Letters to Atticus and at night some of Lucretius, 

Wednesday, December Srd. — Read Stanley's Chaldaick 
Philosophy, great part of which is little better than a 
kind of learned nonsense ; in the evening some of the 
Familiar Epistles ; and at night looked over Le Clere's 
volumes of Philosophy, which I believe deserve a reading, 
as the man is both learned and acute, and without dis- 
sembling it, collects from the best authors on his several 
subjects. 

Thursday, December Uh. — Looked to several things in 
Morhof's Polyhistor ^ for the illustration of what I am 
reading in Stanley. Read more of the Chaldaick Philo- 
sophy, where the doctrine concerning Daemons has a great 
analogy to what we meet with concerning these things 
in the Gospels. At night looked to some more of Le 
Clere's Systems. 

Sunday, December 7th. — Saw Sir Robert's London 
paper p.m., where there are still dismal accounts from 
Lisbon. All agree in the utter destruction, but some 
represent the loss of lives as less. No account of any 
ship arrived anywhere from that miserable place since the 
disaster happened. The accounts we have even in private 
letters are all by the way of France, and they all bear the 
marks of the most terrible consternation. None of them 
are of later date than two days after the calamity hap- 
pened. The King of Spain is ordering every office of 
humanity to his afflicted neighbours. And His Majesty, 
having sent a message to the Parliament about this ter- 
rible calamity, is empowered by them to contribute also 
his part to the relief of the unhappy sufferers. 

Munday, December Sth. — Wrote to Will a.m. ; p.m. was 
at Home and drank tea at W. Stevenson's. Found Messrs. 
Turnbull and Lundy here, when I came home, who staid 
all night. 



1 Daniel Georg Morhof's Polyhistor, first published at Lubeck 1688-92 
fourth ed. 1747. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 45 

Tuesday, December 9th. — Guests staid till after dinner. 
Then set out with Robert Turnbull for Greenlaw, where we 
staid all night. John has recovered himself tolerably 
from the distress of Sandy's marriage.^ Saw Palairet's ^ 
Map of North America, which cost him 2 sh. It is a very 
neat one, but too little. 

Wednesday, December 10th. — Rode over with Robert 
Turnbull from Greenlaw to Makerstoun to see W. Walker,^ 
who has been badly of a sort of aguish distemper ; also of 
a kind of pleurisy ; but is tolerably recruited. James 
Landreth came also there, and Andrew Chatto in the 
evening. We staid all night. 

Thursday, December 11th. — Found the Elders here, who 
were counting the Box. Afterwards went over the year's 
Accounts, which do not quadrate as they ought to do 
with the money in the Box. So that they have either told 



1 Sandy Hume, minister of Abbey St. Bathans 1755-58, and of Polwarth 
1758-68, had married, on 4th October previous, the daughter of a baker 
in Edinburgh. The Humes being of a very good family and Sandy himself 
being a great grandson of the first Earl of Marchmont, his father considered 
his marriage a sad mesalliance. Poor Sandy was not very fortunate in his 
choice of a second wife after the death of his first in 1764. She was the 
daughter of a tenant in Easter Gamalshiel, and on the death of Sandy 
Home she married, in 1779, Thomas Jeffrey in Whitsum Parish. But 
up to Whitsunday 1782 she succeeded-in imposing on the Ministers' Widows' 
Fund by continuing to draw her pension as a widow. She and her husband 
were prosecuted by the collector and were found liable in reparation. In 
1783 she raised an action of declarator of nullity of marriage against her 
husband, but was unsuccessful. 

2 Jean Palairet wrote A concise description of the English and French 
possessions in North America. London 1755. 

^ William Walker, minister of Mackerstoun 1726-59. For some reason 
or other he was suspended by the Synod in 1741, and remained under that 
sentence three or four years. Elsewhere in the Diary we are told that he 
succeeded to a fortune, ' was a man of good heart and very innoxious life,' 
but that his wife, Catherine Fiddes, was a termagant. It was to .their 
manse that Sir John Clerk of Penicuik and his eldest daughter fled in 
fear of Prince Charles's army in 1743. Sir John says in his Diary, ' came 
in a coach to the minister's house of Mackerstone, near Kelso, for it 
hapned that both the master and mistress of the house had been long in 
my family.' Walker may perhaps have been his chaplain from 1720 
when he was licensed, till 1726 when he was presented to Mackerstoun, 
His wife may have been an upper servant at Penicuik. 



46 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

the money wrong or Willy Winter keeps his Account very 
incorrectly. Read what I had not read before of the 
Scottish and London Magazifies, and slept on Plautus. 
Saw last night's papers from Sir Robert's. 

Friday, December 12th. — Read a good deal of Stanley 
in different places, being to return him to-morrow. Have 
not read quite half of him, yet do not care for dwelling 
longer on him at present. Read at night Moschus's 
Epitaph on Bion,^ which is a very beautiful piece of 
Dorick poetry. 

Saturday, December ISth. — Prepared for to-morrow. 
Read some of the History of the British Empire in America, 
vol. 1, which I got to-day from tlie library. Read Letters 
to Atticus in the evening. And slept on Epictetus, a 
divine little work which I had grown pretty much un- 
acquainted with. 

Munday, December 15th. — Wrought all the day and the 
evening on the exegesis for Will. Mr. Dawson eat a 
short dinner here after we were done. At night read 
Epictetus with vast relish. 

Tuesday, December 16th. — Read History of British 
Empire, Cicero's Familiar Letters. Finished Epictetus. 
Saw London paper of last Post. The ship from our Am- 
bassador at Lisbon is at last arrived ; and the accounts by 
it are rather worse than before, particularly of the destruc- 
tion of the people, which is very great ; some say two- 
thirds, others one-third, of the inhabitants — either of them 
a prodigious number. 

Wednesday, December 17th. — Read History of the British 
Empire in America, where the spirit of Oldmixon ^ discovers 
itself sometimes very divertingly. I had heard it was his, 
but did not imagine he had lived so long as to the '41, 
which is the date of this second edition. He died in the 



^ Moschus was a Greek bucolic poet who flourished circa 150 B.C. His 
highly polished epitaph on Bion, another poet of the same school, is 
celebrated. Andrew Lang translated the works of both these poets along 
with Theocritus (1889). 

2 John Oldmixon (1673- 1742), Whig historian, pamphleteer, and 
dramatist. 



1755] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 47 

'42. In the evening read Letters to Atticus. Finished 
again the first volume. At night began to transcribe my 
exegesis for Will, and slept on Epictetus. Looked over 
also in the forenoon the first volume of Burnet's History 
of the Reformation^^ which Nancy has from Sir Robert's 
people. 

Thursday, December 18th. — Did some more to the exe- 
gesis a.m. Told over again the Box with two Elders. 
Found a little mistake in their counting it before, but still 
it is too much different from what it should be by our 
Book, which is taken from notes kept by W. Winter, who 
is a blundering creature. P.m. saw a sick child of Wm. 
Aitchison's at Mainrigg. Robert Turnbull came in the 
evening and staid all night. He expected to have found 
Philip here, who does not come till next week. Got the 
last papers, where there is at last a very distinct account 
of the Lisbon calamity from one of our people there. 
More loss seems to have been sustained by the fire than 
even by the earthquake. For it kindled in the Saturday, 
and burnt till the Tuesday, so that the bulk of the city, 
and especially the best part of it, is reduced to a heap of 
ruins. Only 8 or 9 of the English are lost. 

Friday, December 19th. — Robert Turnbull staid till after 
dinner. Then I went to Sir Robert's. He and Miss Pringle 
went to Edinburgh on Wednesday, and I staid there till 
between 8 and 9. They have heard that Gibraltar is safe 
by a letter that has come from Captain Douglas. Tran- 
scribed at night more of my exegesis. 

Saturday, December 20th. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
read the History of the British Empire. Oldmixon is such 
a captious, wrangling fool that in many things he is certainly 
not to be depended on. He is often very lame in his 
accounts, frequently no doubt from want of materials, 
but often also from the subjects not suiting his humour, 
which is extremely freakish and very narrow. 

Sunday, December 21st. — Saw the News-papers of last 



1 Bishop Gilbert Burnet's History of the Reformation was published in 
three volumes between 1679 and 1714. 



48 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1755 

post in the evening. There is a letter in them from our 
Portuguese Ambassador, Castres, dated on the 6th, and 
wrote in a very affecting strain ; besides several more from 
merchants. All agree in representing the desolation of the 
. poor unhappy city as total ; and much more so by the 
fire that burnt many days together than by the shake. 

Monday, December 22nd. — ^Went to Fallsidehill to bap- 
tise a child to W. Ker. Detained to dine in John Wood's, 
where there happened to be a general assembly of relatives, 
a set of very decent countrymen. Called at Park-End in 
coming home to see W. Anderson's child. Read in the 
evening more of the History of the British Empire. What 
an inexcusable conceit in Oldmixon not to give Penn's 
Constitution of Pennsylvania ! Yet the factious wretch 
is at great pains particularly to record a dispute of the 
. Governor of New York, Cosby, with Tenger the printer, 
though a matter of infinitely less moment. In the History, 
too, of New York he talks dishonourably of Burnet, whom 
Dr. Douglas very much commends, and says not a word of 
the vast service he did that Colony by erecting the Fort 
and trading-house at Oswego, and by procuring prohibi- 
tion of the New York trade in woollen goods with the 
French at Montreal, which is said to have increased the 
Indian trade of the Province to five times what it was 
before. Of all which our Historian says not a word, 
perhaps knew nothing. 

Tuesday, December 2Srd. — Wrought a little in the garden, 
and read Oldmixon's History of Maryland and a good deal 
of that of Virginia. This latter is much better wrote than 
any of the former parts. I suppose he has had better 
originals in it, or has followed them more closely. 

Wednesday, December 2Uh. — Read in the Atlas the 
account of Portugal. Read also the Reviews almost to 
an end, and more of the History of the British Empire, 
where there are good things, though the whole is certainly 
a very inaccurate, injudicious compilation. Slept on 
Epictetu^. 

Thursday, December 25th. — Shaved a.m. and saw sick 
in town. Read a little of British Empire, p.m. Philip 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIBPATH 49 

came in the evening. He has been at Learmouth, Crook- 
ham and the environs since Saturday. Chatted with him 
the evening and night. 

Saturday, December 27th. — Mr. Lundy came here to dine, 
in his road homewards from Edinburgh. W. Stevenson 
called in the morning. Both the one and other told us of 
H. Campbell ^ being made Lord Register for Scotland. 
He is to be in person at Greenlaw next Thursday in order 
to be re-elected. Mr. Lundy says it is reported at Edin- 
burgh that the Marquis of Lothian has got a pension of 
£2000 per annum in lieu of the Place of Register. ^ 

Tuesday, December SOth. — Read the News-papers, where 
all the changes [in the Ministry] are not confirmed, par- 
ticularly Mr. H. Campbell's promotion ; nor is there a Writ 
out, nor any day appointed for the election,^ as we learned 
from Sir Robert, who was here with Miss Peggy in the 
afternoon. ^ 

1756 

Thursday, January 1st. — At Eccles all day. Measured 
by pacing Matthew's glebe, which amounts to 10 Scots 
acres and a fifth, besides the garden. The enclosure 
adjacent to the west, of which they have lately taken a 
lease, contains nine and a half acres. They pay £8 for 
it, which is not too much considering the natural goodness 
of the ground, and that it is managed with no additional 
expense to that of the glebe. 

Saturday, January Srd. — ^John Cleghorn left us in the 
morning. Robert Turnbull and Lundy staid to dine. 



1 Alexander Hume Campbell, twin brother of Hugh, third Earl of 
Marchmont. He assumed the name of his mother, Margaret Campbell 
of Cessnock : advocate 1729 ; Solicitor to Prince of Wales 1741 ; Lord 
Clerk Register 1756 : died 1760. 

2 William, third Marquess of Lothian, had been Lord Clerk Register 
from 1739. He resigned or was forced to resign in 1755, and the pension 
he is here said to have got was of the nature of a retiring allowance. He 
must have been about sixty-nine when he retired, and he lived eleven years 
after." 

^ That is for Berwickshire, for which county Mr. Campbell sat in Parlia- 
ment. 

D 



50 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

Philip and I rode to Sprouston in the evening with Robert. 
Saw some books which he had got from Mr. Hamilton's 
auction, chiefly ancient ; among the rest, Yicinus' sPlotinus, 

Sunday, January Mh. — Set out for Linton about ten, 
to preach for J. Turnbull, who had gone to Wooler to 
preach for me in the Congregation, late Wallace's, which 
each of the Presbytery had agreed to supply one day for 
the benefit of his widow. My reluctance to go there 
myself, especially in the winter, made me agree with Mr. 
Turnbull that he should go there for me, on my supply- 
ing his kirk, and also promising to preach for him some 
othe.r time when he wants supply. Philip preached at 
Sprouston, and Robert Turnbull at Stitchel. Philip came 
over to Moreb attic in the evening, where I had agreed to 
be with Andrew on my birthday. 

Munday, January 5th. — At Morebattle all day. James 
Turnbull came to us in the evening, and staid supper. 
Andrew has a parcel of fine children who are very amusing, 
and his wife, a mighty good woman, is just about lying 
down with a seventh. 

Tuesday, January 6th. — Breakfasted at Linton and came 
to the Presbytery, where we had several little affairs. Lee ^ 
delivered a Homily and Lecture; both very good juvenile 
performances, and delivered with greater exactness of 
pronunciation than I have met with in almost any Scots 
lad. Drank tea in Mrs. Park's, and spent the evening in 
Mrs. Wood's, where T. Turner and W. Ramsay were with us. 

Wednesday, January 7th. — Messrs. Lundy, Chatto, 
Robert and James Turnbull, Philip, and I went to Makers- 
toun to dine. Thither also came James Home of Bowden,^ 
in the evening, who served by his petulant lepidity ^ to 
heighten our mirth. 

Friday, January 9th. — Journalised the days I have been 
absent. Read a.m. August Reviexv to an end. Read in the 
evening cursorily two Books of Apuleius's Metamorphoses , 



^ 1 cannot trace this lad Lee in the Annals of the Church. 
2 James Home, minister of Bowden 1742-92 : he married, in 1742, 
Marion Ornaiston, and had ten children. 
2 Wit, humour. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 51 

which are strange compositions both in the matter and 
style. 

Sunday, January 11th, — PhiHp left us in the morning to 
preach at Kelso, whence he goes for Berwick to-morrow. 
Had a letter from him in the evening, enclosing one from 
Mr. Waite, who informs him that he had heard that Waugh 
of Hutton ^ was just dying. Wrote him in answer what I 
thought proper to be done, and enclosed a letter to Joh^ 
Home of Athelstaneford, desiring him to apply to Colonel 
Johnson to use his interest with his sister Lady Hilton. 

Munday, January 12th. — Wrote to Will and to James 
Allan chiefly about the affair of Hutton. Will wrote us 
James had come to Edinburgh last week, where I suppose 
he continues also this, to attend his Plea. Rest of day, 
etc., read 2nd vol. of the British Empire in America. Went 
through the History of Barbadoes, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, 
Dominica. 

Wednesday, January 14<th. — Examined in the Kirk, and 
afterwards rode to Kelso to dine with Mr. Lundy^ as I had 
engaged last week when at Makerstoun. Messrs. Walker 
and James Turnbull there ; also the lad Lee, who is on trials 
before us, and John Miller. Drank tea and supped in 
Mr. Lundy's, and made a call at Mr. Dawson's, where nobody 
was in the house but Minna. Dobby was also with us at 
Mr. Lundy's. Robert Turnbull and I staid in his, house all 
night. Got letters late at night from Philip, in which he 
informs me that Mr. Selby has already wrote to Hilton and 
that Mrs. Johnson had wrote an answer in her husband's 
name desiring to be excused from engaging so soon. Philip 
desires me to wait on Mr. Renton without delay. Partly 
a cold I have upon me, and partly the old maxim Epistola 
non erubescit, determined me rather to write to him. 



^ Robert Waugh, minister of Hutton, where he was ordained 1730. 
The settlement had been disputed by the Presbytery and parishioners 
for two and a half years, and it was only under the protection of a military 
force in obedience to the orders of the General Assembly that he was at 
last admitted. He died 23rd February 1 756. Philip Ridpath was anxious 
to get the parish, but, as will be seen from the Diary, there was great delay, 
troublesome legal proceedings, and much anxiety before he was ordained in 
1759- 



52 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

Thursday, January 15th. — Could not go to Linton as I 
had promised ; having resolved to send Charles to Black- 
adder with a letter to-morrow. Came home by the way of 
Ednam, expecting to hear what had become of Waugh, 
but got no intelligence there. Evening wrote a letter 
to Mr. Renton,^ with as much care as I could. Slept on 
British Empire. 

Friday, January 16th. — Read History of British Empire 
to an end, which has required patience, though there is 
something to be learned from it. Between two and three 
Charles returned from Blackadder. He saw Mr. Renton, 
who promised to answer me soon. If he had been engaged 
otherwise, he probably would have told me so at once, so 
that I do not look on this return as a very bad one. 

Saturday, January 17th. — Dobby dined here and sate 
till after tea. Slept on Epictetus. Got a letter from Will 
with his exegesis, as he has prepared it himself in English 
and Latin. The latter of these mortified me a good deal, 
being a sad proof how much labour he has bestowed very 
much in vain on that language. But alas ! the faculties 
of even the greatest of men have their limits ; and these 
narrow enough, God knows ! 

Sunday, January IHth. — Got a letter from Philip in the 
morning, in which he informs me that James Allan writes 
him he had been with Mr. Renton on Friday, who told him 
that Lord Home had been engaged for G. Bell ^ for Hutton 
four months ago. This, I think, destroys at once all our 
hopes and makes any further pains about that affair un- 
necessary, though James advises Philip still to ply Hilton 
by Mr. Selby. But care must be taken to retreat in time, 
lest, without any advantage to ourselves, we should irritate 
Lord Home, etc. Philip had heard that Bell's wife had 
prevailed with him to give up the clerical profession — a 



^ Renton of Blackadder, one of the heritors of the parish of Hutton. 

2 George Bell, a relative of Thomas Ker of Broadmeadows, was actually 
presented to Hutton by Lord Home, who considered he had the right of 
presentation. This, as we shall see, was the beginning, of a long plea in 
the Law Courts, which ended in the patronage being found to belong to the 
Crown, and Philip Ridpath was appointed minister. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 53 

resolution certainly the wisest he could have taken, but it 
seems the report has been without foundation ; and he 
was the antagonist whose interest with Mr. Renton we 
always chiefly dreaded. 

Munday, January 19th. — Wrought all day on Will's 
exegesis. In a day or two more I shall finish it, 
and it is best to put it out of the way. Slept on 
Epictetus. 

Tuesday, January 20th. — Looked a little into Boyse's 
Pantheon sent to me by mistake from the Library. There 
are a parcel of pretty sculptures in it said to be copied from 
Antiques, but the work itself seems to be but poorly and 
blunderingly executed. Rest of day and night spent on 
Will's exegesis and almost finished it. Slept on my 
divine old man Epictetus. 

Thursday, January 22wJ.— Finished Will's exegesis in 
the evening, all to the transcribing. Read at night the 
Accounts of Kent and Cornwall in a volume of the 
London Magazine. 

Friday, January 23rd. — Wrote to Philip a.m. and 
wrought about an hour and a half in the glebe spreading 
better some dung and ashes on the grass. Looked into 
first volume of Douglas's Summary of the American Colonies,'^ 
which I got from the Library. Evening and night tran- 
scribed Will's exegesis. 

Saturday January 2Uh. — Revised Will's exegesis and 
corrected also a Latin prayer he had composed, and wrote 
to him. Received money for my oats from J. Watson and 
kept him to dinner with us. About 3 set out for Linton 
- to preach for James Turnbull, from whom I had a line on 
Wednesday, informing me he had been seized with a 
remitting fever, and desiring me to supply him on Sunday. 
Found him a good deal distressed, yet no symptoms very 
violent. Chatted a good deal with him, and in the inter- 



^ A Summary, historical and political . . . of the British Settlements in 
North America, by William Douglas, M.D. 2 vols., Boston, New 
England, 1749-50. Other editions were published in London 1755 and 
1760, 



54 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

vals amused myself with Salmon's Universal Traveller,^ 
which I see is a thing calculated for the popular taste, but 
is far from being full or satisfying. 

Sunday, January 25th. — At Linton all day and night. 
Intimated the Public Fast as James Turnbull does not 
know of supply for next Sabbath. Made him drink a 
good deal more than he used to do, which contributed, I 
believe, to make the two last nights easier to him. 

Munday, January 26th. — Andrew Chatto came to Linton 
to breakfast. His wife still keeps afoot, but has the 
midwife with her. Set out from Linton about 11 ; dined 
and drank tea at Kelso, in passing, with Mr. Lundy. 
Learned from him that Bonner's ^ presentation to the 
kirk of Jedburgh with the Presentee's acceptance is 
delivered with an Instrument to the Moderator of the 
Presbytery. This is likely to produce great broils, for the 
crowd are all madly for Boston.^ Wrote to Philip in the 
evening in answer to one from him which I found here at 
coming home, containing some more information not very 
material about the affair of Hutton. Slept on Douglas's 
Summary. 

Tuesday, January 27th. — Read Douglas all day and night. 
He is, without comparison, the most instructive writer I 
have met with on the subjects he treats. He begins with 
a general account of colonies, chiefly of those in America. 
Besides his knowledge in his own trade as a physician. 



^ Thomas Salmon (1679-1767), historical and geographical writer, pub- 
lished his Universal Traveller ; or, a Compleat Description of the several 
nations of the World in London, 1752-3, folio. 

- John Bonar, minister of Cockpen 1746-56. He withdrew his 
acceptance of the presentation to Jedburgh and accepted a call to Perth. 

^ Thomas Boston, the younger son of Thomas Boston the author of the 
Fourfold State : he was ordained minister of Ettrick in succession to his 
father in 1733 at the age of twenty : translated to Oxnam 1749 : he was 
the popular candidate for Jedburgh in 1755, but as the Crown refused 
to appoint him, a meeting-house was erected in 1757, of which he was 
inducted minister : the following year the General Assembly, if it did 
not actually depose him, at least declared him incapable of receiving or 
accepting a presentation. In 1761 he, along with two others, founded 
the ' Presbytery of Relief ' : six years afterwards he died and was buried in 
Jedburgh Abbey. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 55 

he appears to be a good Natural Historian, and to know 
also what is necessary of Natural Philosophy and mixt 
Mathematicks, for treating of geographical subjects. The 
greatest faults are in his method, style, and composition, 
in all which he is quite careless, in his style somewhat 
pedantick. But the whole has a very natural appearance, 
and by its great variety is very entertaining. His notions 
also in religion and civil polity are free and generally very 
just. He plainly discovers himself to be a thinking 
inquisitive man, and much more intent on matter than 
form. 

Wednesday, January 2Sth. — Went to William Stevenson's 
to examine. Dined and drank tea there. Evening and 
night read more of Douglas with a great deal of entertain- 
ment and not a little instruction. He has a very curious 
digression on the variations of the magnetic needle. 

Thursday, January 29th. — Got a letter from Philip in 
the morning, with one enclosed to W. Ramsay soliciting 
him for his interest for employing Colvill in the division 
of the lands of Coldingham, which is soon, it seems, to 
take place ; also informing him that Hilton has made 
Lord Marclimont a compliment of the choice of his man 
for the settlement of Hutton. Enclosed this letter of Mr. 
Allan's in one to Ramsay, and wrote him on both the 
subjects of it. Sent Charles with it in the afternoon, 
who saw James Turnbull's man in Kelso and learned 
from him that his master is rather worse than better. 
Went myself p.m. to Fallsidehill and Home to see sick. 
Read Douglas evening and night. He is at great pains 
to expose the New England expedition to C. Breton as a 
rash undertaking. 

[Several pages torn out here. The Diary resumes on 
February 27th.] 

Friday, February 27th. — Heard that the Presbytery of 
Jedburgh who had met last Wednesday, to moderate a 
Call for Bonner, had delayed proceeding for a month. 
The populace were very noisy and turbulent, and it 's 
pretended there are hopes of gaining some more concur- 



56 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

rence by a delay, though this has seldom or never happened 
in like cases. Came from Kelso in the evening. Philip a 
good deal the better of the exercise and amusement of 
these jaunts. 

Saturday, February 28th. — Prepared for to-morrow. 
Read some of Douglas's Summary, second volume, where 
he still discovers a rooted aversion to Shirley, and hints 
that the Governor had employed what methods he could 
to hinder the continuation of his work. Read also some of 
Francis Home's ^ Treatise on Bleaching, which consists 
chiefly of a great number of experiments which could not 
be made without considerable labour. 

Sunday, February 29th. — Got letters from Mr. Waite 
and Mr. Allan in the morning informing me that Hilton 
had at last declared for Philip and wrote to Marchmont 
in his favour. Mr. Selby of Paston, Ker of Roxburgh, and 
the Collector went to wait on him upon the day of inter- 
ment, which was Thursday, and procured his letter, which 
was sent on Friday. 

Tuesday, March 2nd, — Attended the Presbytery, where 
Lee delivered his popular sermon and went through the 
remainder of his tryals, and was licensed. Breakfasted 
in W. Ramsay's, and drank tea in Dr. Gibson's ; John 
Aitchison of Morpeth with us, Andrew Chatto also, and 
Robert Turnbull staid, and we spent the night in Mr. 
Lundy's gaily enough. 

Wednesday, March Srd. — Breakfasted in Dobby's, and 
from that rode to Home, and examined. Dined in Sked's. 
Came home and read a good deal of Douglas. He has a 
good account of the principal American trees used in the 
Navy, with their productions — pitch, tar, and turpentine. 
Philip went to Morebattle with Mr. Chatto. 

Thursday, March Uh. — Examined again in the east end 
of Home. Dined in Alex. Wilson's. Saw sick. Found 
when I came home the News-papers, in which there is 
little appearance of peace, though it has been much talked 
of for some time past. Found also a letter from Mr. Temple 



^ Francis Home, see post, p. 182, n. 3. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 57 

to Philip acquainting him with Hilton granting him his 
interest with Lord Marchmont as a favour to Mr. Selby. 

Friday, March 5th. — Rode over to Linton, where I 
found Philip together with Robert Turnbull and Lundy, 
Andrew Chatto, Joseph Leek, and his son/ who is in the 
country for his health. Went to Morebattle in the evening 
with Philip, where the youngest child, a very fine one, is 
in very great danger from a violent inflammation following 
a blister, which torments the poor creature exceedingly, and 
is likely to mortify. Thomas Dawson came also there 
and staid all night. 

Saturday, March 6th. — Detained at Morebattle long by 
the distress of the child, who seems to be in a very danger- 
ous way. Called at Linton and took up Robert Turnbull 
and Mr. Lundy. Got home between 2 and 3. Prepared 
for to-morrow, and read more of Douglas. Dozed much, 
having slept but little last night, disturbed by the crying 
of the poor child. 

Munday, March 8th. — Examined in the east end of Home 
and got from John Hunter £16 in part of stipend. Read 
in the evening more of Douglas. The most insufferable 
thing in him is his frequent repetitions. 

Wednesday, March 10th. — Philip and I rode to Mr. 
Stevenson's to dine. In the evening rode thence to Pol- 
warth, where I found Mr. Home ^ and his wife alone, and 
spent the night very comfortably. Got some particulars 
of what was said at Redbraes about Philip's Hutton 
affair, which, so far as Lord Marchmont and H. Campbell 
were concerned, was all in Philip's favour. 

Thursday, March 11th. — Walked over with Mr. Home to 
Redbraes and saw the house. The saloon is a grand 
room, and finished in high and good taste. The fine 
furniture of Lady Marchmont's room was covered with 
paper and the library locked up, which were great wants. 
In the afternoon Lord Marchmont's mason staked out the 



^ Joseph Leek's eldest son Henry : born 1736, died 1767. 

2 It is as well to remind the reader that this was William Home who 
went to Fogo two years after this, and his wife Mary Roddam, both 
previously mentioned. 



58 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

ground for a new house to Mr. Home, which is to be a 
very good one. Prevailed with to stay another night at 
Polwarth. 

Friday^ March 12th. — Mr. Laurie and his wife came into 
Mr. Home's before we came away. Laurie and W. Home 
came over with us to Greenlaw, where we dined with John 
Hume and sate till the evening. John Hume came over 
here with Philip and me and staid all night. Douglas's 
second volume afforded him some more entertainment. 
A very serene night, which gave us an opportunity of 
looking at Jupiter through the telescope. Saw his four 
moons very distinctly all on the upper side of the planet. 

Saturday, March 13th. — John Hume staid till after 
dinner. Then cUd something for to-morrow. Mr. Dawson 
called in the evening. He had been seeing Captain Pringle, 
who arrived yesterd«.y. 

Munday, March 15th. — Dined at Sir Robert's with Philip 
and Nancy. Had the pleasure of seeing the Captain ^ 
there, who came home last Friday. He was long in his 
voyage from Gibraltar, having staid a good while at Cadiz 
and Lisbon. The published accounts of the desolation of 
the latter are not, according to him, at all exaggerated. 
He was on board [sic] Captain Douglas, who has made a 
profitable voyage chiefly by a great sum of money he 
brought over from Cadiz for the merchants. Came home 
in the evening and almost finished Douglas's Summary, who 
concludes with some very judicious observations on the 
small- pox and an account of the success of inoculation in 
New England, which falls short of what it has been in other 
places, owing, it would seem, chiefly to some mistakes 
in the practice of it. 

Tuesday, March 16th. — Attended a meeting about the 
poor in Home. Then went to Eccles, whither Philip had 
gone before me. George Trotter and one of his daughters, 
together with my old friend Mrs. Nealson, there p.m. 
Mr. T. staid all night, as did also Philip and I. Found 
J. Hunter holding a Court, and John Kerr with him as 



Gilbert Pringle of Torsonce, an officer of dragoons, brother of Sir Robert. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 59 

Bailie at Home. Hunter told me that Ker,^ G. Bell's 
brother-in-law, had told him that Lord Home had wrote 
to J. Winram that he had secured a King's presentation 
for Bell. Did not care for speaking of this to Philip, as it 
might happen to disturb him in his progress towards a 
recovery in which he is now making good steps. 

Wednesday, March 17th. — We came from Eccles before 
dinner. Assisted PhiKp a little in the Bridgewaters' accounts 
which he is preparing to send over. Mr. Waite came about 
six o'clock, with whom and Nancy Philip proposes to ride 
down to-morrow. 

Thursday, March 18th. — Philip and Nancy set out with 
Mr. Waite about 11. Mr. Waite told me he had the same 
intelligence about Philip's affair at Berwick that I got from 
John Hunter. Lord Marchmont, however, has not yet 
wrote to Hilton ; and he will certainly make a hard struggle. 
Read December Scots Magazine and some of the London 
January which Mr. Waite brought from Berwick. Also 
read the Preface and looked into some parts of the Transla- 
tion of Dr. Grieve' s Celsus, which Mr. Waite also brought 
from Berwick. It is handsomely printed in a large 8vo 
volume. 

Friday, March 19th. — Wrought some in the garden, 
planting beans. Read the January London Magazine to 
an end. Revised some of Douglas, and wrote some things 
out of him in order to returning him to-morrow. 

Saturday, March 20th. — A.m. shaved and looked out for 
a sermon for Crookham, whither I set out after dinner, and 
got there between 5 and 6. A very agreeable ride. Went 
by the way of Learmouth, from which to Crookham is a 
very well cultivated country, though little of it is enclosed. 
Found Isaac with his arm in a very good way, and in spirits 
rather higher, I think, than ordinary. 

Sunday, March 21st. — Congregation thinly assembled. 
Lectured on Psalm 76. Preached on Matthew 5. 6. 
Heard first from some of Isaac's people who had been in 
Berwick, and then by a letter from Philip which one of 



* Probably Robert Ker of Broadmeadows. 



m DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

them brought that Lord Marchmont writes by yesterday's 
post that he has secured the King's presentation to the 
Kirk of Hutton for PhiUp. Staid all night again with 
Isaac, and was much entertained with many of his bold 
sallies. . 

Munday, March 22nd. — Left Isaac about 11 a.m. and 
came home to dinner, pretty much wet. P.m. and evening 
and night wrote to G. Laurie and to Philip. Read through 
Walter Anderson's Croesiis,^ which, upon the whole, exceeds 
much what I expected. Also read to an end Huxham's 
Treatise of Antimony,'^ and slept on some parts of John 
Grieve' s Celsus, which pleased me very well. 

Tuesday, March 2Srd. — Read in my old Adversaria 
some chemical things that helped me the better to under- 
stand Dr. Huxham's Treatise of Antimony, which I read 
over again. It is a judicious little work, but wrote care- 
lessly, abounding a good deal in repetitions. It is a pity 
that all other preparations of Antimony should not give 
place to that which he proposes, and whose safety and 
efficacy from a very long experience he so amply attests. 
For there has certainly great mischief been done by the 
ignorant and incautious use of this mineral. 

Wednesday, March 2Uh. — Returned Mr. Turnbull's horse 
in the morning which Philip had a loan of, and had a line 
from Robert desiring me to dine with him. Matthew 
Dysert and Mr. Lundy being to be with him. Accordingly 
i'ode over and staid all night. The three had agreed to 
make a visit to the Parson of Carham in the afternoon, but 
as I happened not to be in dress to go along with them, they 
delayed it, and we appointed Monday se'enight to go 
together. Saw in Robert's the third volume of Sully's 
Memoirs from the library, which have given him great 
entertainment. 

Thursday, March 25th. — ^John Cleghorn had been with 
us all night and we went with him to dine ; a visit I have 



^ See ante, p. 31, n. 3. 

2 John Huxham (1692-1768), physician : Copley medalHst for Observa- 
tions on Antimony, 1755 : his medical works were published in Latin at 
Leipzig, 1764, 1773, and 1829. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 61 

been owing very long. His wife and her sister are two neat 
creatures, daughters of the late Professor Scot ^ by his 
French wife. Came home in the evening and read at night 
almost all the first Book of J. Grieve's Celsiis, with which 
I was very well pleased. 

Friday, March 26th. — Read about half of Francis Home's 
Work on Bleaching ; also read some articles in the first 
volume of the General Dictionary. There is a good account 
of Alfred in it, with some entertaining extracts from Spel- 
man's ^ Life of that great Prince. Got a letter from PhiHp. 
He had been at Eyemouth from Saturday to Wednesday 
and continues pretty well. He writes me some particulars 
about Hutton which he learned from James Allan and which 
are all rather favourable to him. 

Munday, March 29th. — Read General Dictionary, also 
at night Fr. Home's Work on Bleaching to an end. In 
which there appears a good genius for experimental 
philosophy joined to great industry, with little of the non- 
sensical affectation of a show of learning and fine taste 
which so much disfigures his book on Dunse water. His 
invention of the method of discovering and curing hard 
water is really valuable. 

Tuesday, March SOth. — Read some articles in the General 
Dictionary, and revised some of Fr. Home's book. Employed 
some part of the day on a work which I have been for some 
time past meditating. That is an Essay on Taste, for the 
prize. The motive that above all others engages me to it 
is the prospect of making some little gain, that might help 
me in the project of clearing my debts, for I know I would 
consult my tranquillity and real happiness more by enjoying 
the works of others than by composing myself ; as in the 
latter the labour and anxiety is certain, and the success 
from various causes uncertain, and almost always short of 



1 Perhaps William Scott, Professor of Greek in the University of Edin- 
burgh, 1708-29 : he was then appointed Professor of Moral Philosophy or 
' Pneumatics,' and in 1734 John, afterwards Sir John, Pringle was appointed 
his assistant and successor. 

2 Sir John Spelman (1594- 1643), royalist and author. A translation of 
his Life of King Alfred, originally written in Latin, was published in 1678. 



62 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

the hopes the Author forms. However, a work on this 
subject is what I think it is not altogether improbable that 
I should succeed in, considering what has been the long and 
chief tenor of my reading and speculations in the literary 
way. 

Wednesday, March Slst. — Wrought in the garden, where 
I sowed half pound of pease. Nonpareils. Mr. Pollock 
came and staid till after tea ; then Mr. Lundy, who staid 
all night. 

Thursday, Aprile 1st. — Was a good deal in the garden and 
had a call in the forenoon from the Captain and young 
ladies. Recruiting goes on but very indifferently. Read 
the last papers, in which are various reports about warlike 
preparations. Revised some of Dr. Home, and read some 
articles of the General Dictionary. Mr. Lundy went away 
in the morning for Gordon. 

Friday, Aprile 2nd. — As Philip had wrote me often about 
going to Blackader, I set out for it a little after ten, and was 
there betwixt 1 and 2. Found Mr. Renton and nobody with 
him but his family. Spoke to me about the Hutton affair, 
and seemed really uneasy that he is obliged to support Lord 
Home's presentation (which Bell has actually got) if my 
Lord insists. He thinks he should not, and that he has no 
probability of succeeding and has wrote him so. But to 
this letter has had no return. He declares he will do noth- 
ing for the support of the Presentation but by his own vote 
and those of his immediate dependents in the Parish. 
Staid with him till after tea, and came to Waugh's where I 
staid all night. Learned from him that the Kers having 
persuaded several of the Hutton Heritors that they would 
obtain the Crown's Presentation as well as my Lord Home's, 
have got them to concur with Bell. But all this will not 
signify if the King's Presentation be good. 

' Munday, Aprile 5th. — Rode to Sprouston, where were 
also Mr. Dysart, and Mr. Lundy according to agreement 
when we were last here. We rode to Carham after dinner, 
but the Parson was not at home. Came home in the 
evening and wrote at night a long letter to James Allan 
giving the history of my Blackader expedition. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 63 

Tuesday, Aprile 6th. — Went to the Presbytery. Elected 
our Members to the Assembly. Had little else to do. 
Were a while in Mrs. Wood's, and drank tea in Mr. 
Lundy's. Called also at Slatehouse's who had been 
applied to by T. Ker for his brother-in-law but was 
engaged for Philip. Read, evening, some of the reviews. 

Thursday, Aprile 8th. — Read most part of the First Book 
of Celsus with the translation, in which there are several 
faults though generally of no great importance. John 
Miller was here all night, having come to a boy who has 
been in much distress for several days by a strangulated 
rupture accompanied with a great swelling of his belly 
and a total want of the alvine discharge. He put him into 
a semicapium and gave him 2 or 3 suppositories which 
brought away what had been left of some clysters. But 
his case seems almost desperate. 

Friday, Aprile 9th. — ^John Miller left us after breakfast. 
Then wrote to Berwick, and happening to take up the 
third volume of Bishop Burnet, read his account of King 
William and his expedition to England in the '88. P.m. 
and evening, read January Review which I got from Kelso 
and most part of February London Magazine which came 
t'other day from Berwick. 

Saturday, Aprile 10th. — Prepared for to-morrow and read 
most of what I had not read before of the Februarv 
Magazine. Read also Number 2 of the Edinburgh Review 
which came in the evening. It is still very well executed, 
and concludes with a learned letter giving some account 
of foreign books, and a great eloge of the French Encyclo- 
pedia which, though it has met with interruptions, is not 
yet dropt. 

Munday, Aprile 12th. — Rode to Home a.m. to see sick. 
Thomas Dawson called here p.m., also Walker, who gave 
me in his account. Wrote to John Hunter about my 
stipend. Am to send Black to Hirsel to see if he can get 
it to-morrow. Also looked over Walker's account and 
computed the annual amount of several articles. 

Tuesday, Aprile 13th. — Most of the day employed in 
reading Celsus in the translation and original. I wish it 



64 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

had past all through my hands before it had been published, 
for there are several mistakes in it with regard to the sense 
of the Author, and also several faults in the language, 
though indeed for the most part they are of small import- 
ance, and the bulk of the translation is very just and 
natural. Dr. Gibson and his grandson called after dinner, 
and I went with them to Baptie's, where the poor creature 
still lives, though there seems not to be the least hope of 
his recovering. He seems now to be preserved by fre- 
quent vomitings, by which he has thrown up at different 
times more than a dozen of worms. What he throws up 
has been for some time past fetid. His belly is mon- 
strously swelled, and the rest of his body miserably 
emaciated. Slept on Horace. Wrote a paragraph into 
my thing on Taste, which is like to go heavily on. Such 
undertakings agree very ill with avocations ; and these I 
cannot avoid. 

Wednesday, Aprile IMh. — Waters flooded, Eden more 
than for many months before. Wrought most of the day 
on Celsus and the translation. Read at night a little of 
Sharp's Surgery ^ and the introduction to it, which it is a 
long time since I looked into before. 

Thursday, Aprile 15th. — Wrought a good deal in the 
garden a.m. Afternoon went to Sir Robert's, Miss Pringle 
and Miss and Lady Hall arrived from Edinburgh after 
tea. Lady Hall ^ died last Friday, and Sir Robert went to 
Edinburgh on Saturday, whence he attended her funeral 
to Dunglass, from which he has not yet returned. Read 
a very little of Celsus, and slept on the prefaces to some 
other parts of Lucretius, in whom there is a very high 
spirit of poetry. It is not a little droll that the Hutchin- 
sonians have taken it into their head to press this author 
into their service, which I learn from an Article in last 
Edinburgh Review, giving an account of a work of some of 



^ Samuel Sharp (1700-78), surgeon. See ante, p. 41, n. 3, The book 
was probably A Critical Inquiry into the Present State of Surgery, published 
by Sharp in 1754. 

2 Widow of Sir James Hall of Dunglass, second Baronet, and sister 
of Sir Robert Pringle. 



175^] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPAXH 65 

these people published not long ago, at Edinburgh. But 
what extravagance may not be expected from such 
visionaries. 

Friday, Aprile 16th. — Was at the boy Baptie's burial, 
who died on Wednesday evening. Scot, the Kelso surgeon, 
was there and came here to breakfast. A forward Norland 
of little and low education, though I beheve not very 
ignorant in his business. Read more of Celsus, also most 
of the Edinburgh (February) Magazine which Charles 
brought from Kelso. 

Saturday, Aprile 17th. — Prepared for to-morrow and read 
variously. Slept on the last Satire of Horace in Francis's 
Edition, of which I got the third volume from the Library 
yesterday. 

Munday, Aprile 19th. — Saw sick in the town a.m., and 
was at Home p.m. Married also there Alexander Richard- 
son. Got a letter from Philip in the morning, informing 
me that Lord Marchmont had wrote to Lady Hilton in- 
forming her that Philip's Presentation had been stopt at 
the Secretary's office, by the Duke of Argyle, Lord Home 
having informed him that my Lord Marchmont had pro- 
cured it in opposition to the inclinations of the principal 
gentlemen of the parish, particularly Mr. Renton. On 
this Lord Marchmont desires Lady Hilton to try to procure 
Mr. Renton's concurrence, a thing I suppose she would 
never attempt as the attempt would be altogether vain. 
James Allan had been sent for to Hutton-hall to consult 
with on this occasion, and Hilton wrote to Marchmont on 
Friday evening, insisting I suppose on Marchmont's making 
a point of obtaining the Presentation for Philip ; the suc- 
cess of which, however, looks a little uncertain when there 
is so formidable an opposition. 

Tuesday, Aprile 20th.-— Kead the newspapers and was 
some time in glebe and garden. ; p.m. rode to Ednam to 
see Mrs. Pollock, who has been ill of an ague ^ but is 
better. 



■ ^ Ague was a very common complaint among country folks at tliis time 
largely owing to still undrained condition of the soil. 

E 



66 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

Wednesday, Aprile 21st. — Read some of Horace's Satires 
in bed in the morning. Went to the burial of Robert 
White's wife at Runningburn. Met with Sir Robert 
there, who carried W. Stevenson and me to dine with him. 
Sate there till the evening. The Captain has been much 
distrest with an aguish pain of his head ; but is a good deal 
better. Got £20 sent me from John Hunter from Hirsel. 
Had sent Black for it in the morning, but Hunter's mes- 
senger mist him. 

Friday, Aprile 2Srd. — Set out for Berwick between 10 
and 11, and got there betwixt 2 and 3. Dined and drank 
tea in Mr. Waite's. Spent the evening in the Mayor's, 
where I met with Jo. Watson and his Madam, whom I 
have scarce been in company with since the commence- 
ment of Monteith's wars. 

Tuesday, Aprile 27th. — James Turnbull, Allan, Philip, 
and I rode up to the Synod at Kelso, where we arrived 
before the choice of the Moderator. Chose Mr. Lundy. 
Then attended the Culloden Club, which was very full, by 
falling in Synod-time. Made Captain Pringle our Preses. 
In the evening attended the Synod, where we went through 
last year's Minutes and recommended a collection for 
Kelso Bridge. At night stumbled into Purves's, where 
the Marquis of Lothian's people, managers of the Jedburgh 
cause, were. Did not stay long. 

Wednesday, Aprile 28th. — Employed forenoon and after- 
noon in the Jedburgh cause, the papers on which were 
very long, and those of Bonar's opposers shamefully 
scurrilous. Agreed at last to refer it to the Assembly, 
not from any difficulty about ordering the Presbytery to 
moderate a call for Bonar, as to which they have been long 
delaying and bogling ; but from being informed that Bonar 
having got a call to Perth, is to give up Jedburgh ; so 
that the taking any further steps to his settlement there, 
further than what are requisite to save the Crown's right 
of presenting, is quite needless. After finishing this 
cause, went through the ordinary forms, and broke up. 
Supped in Wood's, and was afterwards in Purves's till 
daylight, with Laurie, Chatto, etc. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 67 

Thursday, Aprile 29th. — Had such claims on Moderator, 
etc., as determined us to stay and dine in Mrs. Wood's. 
Employed most of the forenoon in revising the Minutes. 
James Allan and Philip came here with me, in the evening. 
Philip is pretty well again, though not quite free at times, 
from some disagreeable nervous symptoms. 

Friday, Aprile SOth. — ^James Allan and Philip staid till 
3 p.m. and then set out in company for Berwick. John 
Ker came at night on his way to Nenthorn, where he has 
a surveying job. 

Munday, May 3rd. — Got our lint sowed in the morning. 
Wrought a great part of the day on it, breaking clods, 
raking and gathering off stones and quicken-roots. Read 
some of Horace at night. 

Tuesday, May Uh. — P.m. began to snow from northeast 
betwixt 2 and 3 and continued till late at night. Snow 
before my door took me above the ankles at 10. Was at 
the Presbytery where we still had before us the affair of 
T. Turner's seat which is not like to be adjusted. Attended 
a library meeting in the evening when we commissioned 
a few books. Came home about 9, and have seldom been 
out in a worse night. 

Wednesday, May 5th. — Read Cleghorn's Account of the 
Diseases of Minorca ^ which I borrowed from Davidson the 
Kelso surgeon. The introduction gives some account, very 
short and imperfect, of the Natural History of the island. 
The treatise itself is chiefly taken up with the description 
and cure of the Tertian Fever, which is a very frequent and 
very dangerous distemper in Minorca, and in which our 
author found no remedy comparable to the bark which he 
gave in the worst cases along with gentle purgatives in 
the beginning according to Dr. Mead's prescription. 
This work of Cleghorn's is upon the whole a very good one, 
discovering good judgment, considerable erudition, and a 
laudable candour in confessing his own mistakes. Read 



^ George Cleghorn (1716-89), army surgeon at Minorca, 1736-49 : 
published Observations on Diseases Epidemic in Minorca, 1741 : lecturer 
and Professor of Anatomy in Dublin, 1751-89. 



68 DIARY OF GEORGE RlDPATH [1756 

the last two books of Armstrong's poem on Health ^ to 
which I was led by the accident of the poem being bound 
up in the same volume with Cleghorn's work. Read also 
^ome part of the March London Magazine which had come 
from Berwick yesterday. 

Friday, May 7th. — Read to the end of the second book 
of Celsus in the original and translation. Read also some 
parts of the beginning of the 6th and 7th Books where the 
translation underwent the revisal of Sharp. Can easily 
observe that it is much more correct and the expression 
more masterly than where it has not had that advantage. 
I am now to lay aside Celsius for the season, having read 
so much of the original and translation as prepares me for 
writing to Dr. Grieve. Wrought in the garden some time 
in the evening with the paddle.^ 

Saturday, May Sth. — Prepared for to-morrow and revised 
some of Cleghorn's Minorquin Diseases. Also read some 
pieces of Ovid's Metamorphoses. Was at the mill seeing 
John Watson, who got a fall two days ago and is still much 
distrest with it though free of anything feverish. 

Munday, May 10th. — Saw sick a.m. and wrought some 
in the glebe ; p.m. went to Sir Robert's, all the family at 
home, also Walter and Dr. Wilson. Sate till after supper. 
Had some musick. Sir Robert, the Captain, Miss and 
Walter in concerto. 

Tuesday, May 11th. — Wrought in the garden a good deal, 
planting anew beans that had failed, 

Wednesday, May 12th. — Walked to Home a.m. to see sick 
and baptise a child. P.m. dozed, read some of Horace and 
worked a little in the garden. Had been called early out 
of my bed to see Robert Aymer's daughter who after being 
much exhausted with an ague, unhappily catched a cold 
which obstructed her breast and was accompanied with a 
looseness. Found her almost in the last agonies. She 
died about ten. 



1 John Armstrong (1709-79), poet, physician, and essayist, was a 
Roxburghshire man. Pobhshed his Art of Preserving Health, by which 
his name is now remembered, in 1744. 

2 A kind of hoe. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 69 

Thursday y May ISth. — Wrought a good deal in the garden 
a.m. sowing pease. Read last night's newspapers, in 
which there is nothing of moment. Went to the burial of 
Katherine Goaterson. P.m. walked to Harper-town where 
I have long owed a visit. Came back by Caldron Brae and 
baptised a child. Slept on Horace. The long Satire in the 
Second Book where he introduces the Stoick proving that 
all men are mad is none of the brightest of his works. Have 
been long reading it. 

Friday^ May lUh. — At the poor girl Aymer's burial in 
the morning. Wrought in garden and glebe, and read 
some of Horace. Francis is rather too sparing of his 
Notes on the Satires. 

Saturday, May 15th. — Wrought much in the garden. 
Read the March Review, where there is a good article on 
Blackwell's second volume of the Court of Augustus^ 
containing several strokes of satirical humour very justly 
placed. There is also an anecdote letter from Dr. Bently 
to Dr. Davies, containing some criticisms on Barnes's 
Homer ^ which bears the clearest characters of its being 
genuine, both in the uncommon learning and hypercritical 
spirit it discovers. Looked also into some parts of the first 
volume of The Compleat System of Geography ^ which I got 
yesterday from the Library. 

Munday, May 17th. — At Home a.m. seeing sick, of which 
there are several in fevers of the pleuritick and rheumatick 
kind. P.m. Mrs. Watson with Mrs. Gordon, Peggy Watson 
and Bessy Dysart here. Mrs. Watson still a very fine 
looking woman. Set them part of the way home in the 
evening and called in passing at Robert Aymer's. Slept 
on The Compleat System of Geography. 

Tuesday May 18th. — Wrought some in the garden and 
much in the glebe cleaning the west hedge. Read the first 
part of Whytt's * Physiological Essays, and part of the 

' ■ ' ■ - I - -. I ■ - — ...I -I . ■ - — ■ ... . _n 

1 Thomas Blackwell, the younger (1701-57), Principal of Aberdeen 
University. 

2 Joshua Barnes (1654-1712). His Homer was published in 1710. 
' By Emanuel Bo wen, map engraver, 1747, folio. 

* Robert Whytt of Bennochy, Professor of the Institutes of Medicine iu 
Edinburgh University, 1747-66. 



TO DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

second. Got the book from John Miller. Mr. Lundy and 
Robert TurnbuU with his niece here at breakfast ; Mr. 
Lundy being in the way to the Assembly, and Robert 
Turnbull to Borthwick, where his sister, Mrs. Stevenson, 
is thought to be dangerously ill. 

Wednesday, May 19th, — Employed former part of the 
day in making a draught of a Petition to be presented 
to the General Assembly for a collection for Kelso Bridge. 
Waldie ^ had sent me up a draught of his making, which 
was not fit to be sent. P.m. read Dr. Whytt's Essays to 
an end. There are curious things in both, and what he 
says against Haller seems effectually to overthrow his 
hypothesis of the irritability of the Animal Gluten, as also 
his conclusions against the sensibility of several parts 
which all physicians before him have looked upon as 
endowed with that power. 

Thursday, May 20th. — Went to Oxmuir to marry a couple 
and saw several sick at Home. Read a second time the 
Medical Part of Cleghorn's book on the Diseases of Minorca, 
where there is a good deal of very judicious practice. 

Friday, May 21st. — Wrought some in garden and glebe 
and read a great part of the account of Ireland in the 
System of Geography. A considerable part of the after- 
noon employed in buying a horse from Lilly the Hadden 
cowpar. He is only three years old and cost me £8. If 
he thrives his value must rise considerably in a year or 
two. 

Sunday, May 2Srd. — Preached at Kelso for Mr. Lundy ; 
baptised two children, and rebuked two fornicators. Dined 
in Dr. Gibson's, and drank tea in Mr. Dobby's. Heard 
at Kelso that war against France was proclaimed at 
London last Tuesday and saw particulars of it in the News- 
paper when I came home. 

Munday, May 24fth. — Was at Home seeing sick. Pleur- 
isies still spreading ; hitherto, however, pretty tractable. 
P.m wrote to Dr Grieve which I should have done some 



^ John Waldie of Berryhill and Hayhope : married Jean, eldest daughter 
and heiress of Charles Ormiston of Hendersyde. Progenitor of the Waldie- 
Grif&ths. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 71 

time ago. Was also a little while in the glebe attending 
the sowing of my barley. 

Tuesday, May 25th. — Read over again greatest part of 
Dr. Whytt's Essays and was a good deal in the glebe 
attending the sowing of my barley for which we got much 
better weather than we expected ; it having threatened 
rain much these two days. 

Wednesday, May 26th. — Read Whytt's Essays to an end. 
Also more than a third of Fr. Home's Book on Bleaching, 
also to the end of the account of Ireland, in the System of 
Geography. Charles at Kelso in the evening for money 
from Alex. Ramsay which I want to pay for my horse on 
Friday. 

Thursday, May 27th. — Forenoon employed in clearing 
my closet of useless letters and other papers. P.m. at 
Eccles where I had been a very great stranger. Mrs. Dysart 
and her daughters at home. Matthew came not home till 
I was just coming away. Heard the first Assembly news 
there I had met with, the chief of which were that Pat. 
Cuming is Moderator, and that Munday last was employed 
as a dyet of prayer for success to His Majesty's arms, the 
war having been proclaimed at Edinburgh on Saturday 
last. This dyet was appointed upon a motion by Carlisle 
seconded by John Home. 

Friday, May 28th. — Employed still in clearing out my 
closet and in doing some things about books with batter. 
Put together three maps of North America that are in last 
year's Magazines. They make a pretty good one. Got 
Philos. Trans, for '54, from Kelso Library, and read a 
few things in them ; also some part of last April 
Magazine. 

Saturday, May 29th. — Prepared for to-morrow, and went 
to Home to baptise twins there to a poor man, two fine 
boys. Tis a pity that the publick should not take one of 
them, for what would be a matter of boast and joy to 
most rich men is a sore visitation to a poor one. Dobbie, 
schoolmaster of Kelso, and his son, a boy of ten years old, 
here. P.m. heard the boy explain a piece of Ovid for which 
the English he gave was very good ; though from several 



7i- DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756^ 

circumstances, I have no great opinion either of Bobbie's 
learning or taste. But I beUeve he is very industrious. 

Tuesday, June 1st. — At the Presbytery, where we had no 
business, and four of our members were absent, three of 
whom at Edinburgh. Looked to Lundy's and T. Robert- 
son's flowers ; nothing extraordinary in either ; sore nipped 
with the bad weather. Brought home with me the 
February Review , and Scots (April) Magazine, and read at 
night some part of both. 

Wednesday, June 2nd. — Richard Brown who was settled 
at Kingarth in the Isle of Bute on the 6th of last month 
and was sent member to the Assembly, came betwixt 10 
and 11, and dined with us. After going to Ednam with 
Will he came back and staid all night. Got the Assembly 
news from him. Read the Review to an end, also some of 
Warton's Virgil ; ^ the first volume of which I brought 
from the Library on Tuesday night. It is a good transla- 
tion and has cost pains. 

Thursday, June Srd. — Richard Brown left us in the 
morning. The Misses Pringle, Maddy and Peggy here 
p.m. also Thomas Pollock, jr. and afterwards Sandy 
Herriot. The two younkers staid all night. Read most 
of April Scots Magazine and what I had not read before 
of the March Review. Also saw some sick. Had Thomas 
Underwood taking down and putting up hangings in low 
room. 

Friday, June Uh. — Our guests left us about 10 a.m. 
Read out the Scots Magazine, wrote letter about my 
Sacrament, etc. Robert Turnbull and his niece arrived in 
their way from 'Edinburgh in the middle of a great shower. 
Miss Pringle was driven in also by a shower a.m. and told 
us that my Lord Marchmont, who arrived at Redbraes 
yesterday, had told her brother Frank that he had obtained 
the presentation for Philip. William Dickson of Oxmuir 
called at the door in the forenoon and told us he had heard 



^ Joseph Warton (i 722-1 800), elder son of Thomas Warton the poet, 
was at this time rector of Winslade, but got much Church preferment 
and was ultimately a Prebendary of Westminster : edited and partly 
translated Virgil, 1753. • 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 73 

this at Berwick. But 6n his account, though probable, 
we could not altogether depend. Robert and his niece 
staid all night. Did not get much news from him. He 
confirmed what Brown had before been telling me, that 
David Hume had got printed at London a Collection of 
Atheism which his bookseller Andrew Millar dares not sell. 

Saturday, June 5th. — Robert TurnbuU and his niece left 
us about 11. Afterwards prepared for to-morrow. Took a 
turn in the glebe and wrought some in the garden. Every- 
thing fresh and verdant from the fine rain of yesterday. 
Got a letter from Philip in the morning in which he writes 
me a confirmation of the news about Hutton. Lord 
Marchmont had told G. Douglas of it in passing through 
Berwick, and spoke of great difficulties he had met with 
in it. My Lord had also wrote Hilton of it in a letter which 
Hilton received only last Wednesday. 

Munday, June 7th.— Revised some of Philos. Trans. 
and of Scots Magazine : also read some of Virgil's Eclogues 
with Wart on' s translation and notes, and most of his 
Essay on Didactic Poetry. His translation 'generally is 
not contemptible, but seldom very good. His Notes, 
Essays, Life of Virgil, etc., discover both erudition and 
good taste, but are often defective in gravity, elegance, 
correctness ; his manner of writing being loose, osten- 
tatious, and too frequently bordering on the pedantick. 
About 9, when we had given over all thoughts of them, 
my sister and Nancy arrived in a chaise with Philip and 
Cupples, whom they had picked up at Whitsum. 

Tuesday, June Sth. — Mr. Cupples and Philip went to 
Kelso after dinner ; rest of p.m. chatted and took a little 
walk with my sister. Read at night to the end of Warton's 
Essay on Didactic Poetry, where he gives just enough char- 
acters of some of our most celebrated writers in that way. 

Wednesday, June 9th. — Spoke to some catechumens. 
Wrote a very little on sermon for Sabbath. Mrs. Pollock 
and her son Thomas here p.m. Was with the Elders about 
an hour p.m., Philip and Robert Turnbull came in the 
evening. Cupples and he had gone with Mr. Lundy to 
Sprouston. 



74 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

Thursday, June lOth. — Fast day before the Sacrament. 
Messrs. Kerr, Lundy, Turnbull preached. The two last 
named staid all night. 

Friday, June 11th. — Were alarmed about ten a.m. with 
the arrival of Mr. Waite who came up for my sister, their 
little daughter being seized with the meazles in which she 
has been pretty severely handled, but seems now to be in a 
tolerable way. However the Dr. thought it proper that 
her mother should be at home to take care of her. They 
set out a little after 12. Philip went along with them, 
and intended to convey them as far as Swinton. Messrs. 
Turnbull and Lundy set out a little before. In the after- 
noon wrote a good deal of sermon for Sunday. After ten, 
arrived James Allan and Betty. 

Sunday, June ISth. — Preached on John 6. 51, last cl. 
Had five tables, the 5th wanting 15 or 20. Messrs. Pollock, 
Ker, and James Allan, and John Hume assistants. John 
preached at home before he came over and staid all night. 
Mr. Lundy and James Richardson the preacher came up 
to afternoon sermon. Preached long, and a good deal 
fatigued by it, 

Tuesday, June 15th. — Mr. Allan and his sister dined and 
set out about 2. P.m. dozed and read miscellaneously. 
Looked into Du Halde's History of China,^ the first volume 
of which Charles brought from Kelso where I had him 
getting some money from Alex. Ramsay. Also brought 
a line from Mr. Waite which informs us that Nancy is in 
a very good way. 

Wednesday, June 16th. — Preached on 1 Cor. 15. 54, 55. ^ 
Colleagued with Messrs. Lundy and Chatto. Mr. Lundy 
began with preaching in the tent, but the rain drove us 
into the kirk, when I preached at the kirk door, with 



^ Jean Baptiste Du Halde (1674-1743), a Jesuit missionary in China: 
wrote many works on that country. The book read by Ridpath was 
probably a translation by E. Brookes of his General History of China, 
including Chinese Tartary, Corea, and Thibet. London, 1736, 4 vols. 

2 This was on the Fast Day at Eccles where Ridpath must have gone 
either the day before or that morning. He has omitted to mention this in 
the Diary. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 75 

more than ordinary ease for so much loudness as was 
requisite. Philip came down in the afternoon, and he 
and I, with Andrew Chatto and Lundy staid all night. 

Thursday^ June 17th. — Detained at Eccles all day and 
spent it very agreeably. Looked into some part of volume 
2 of Fordvce's Book on Education,^ which is not so con- 
temptible a work as I imagined. 

Friday, June ISth. — Came home from Eccles in the 
morning. Looked into some of Du Halde. Read part of 
Virgil's first Georgic. Wrought also some in the garden 
and dozed a little, being somewhat behind in the article 
of sleep. 

Munday, June 21st — Rode with PhiHp to Eccles, where 
Wilson and Willy Home preached : the former with his 
usual deliberation and distinctness. Robert Turnbull and 
Mr. Lundy also there, and with Philip and me staid at 
Eccles all night, having projected an expedition further 
east to-morrow. 

Tuesday, June 22nd. — Messrs. Turnbull, Philip, Lundy, 
and I set out from Eccles in the forenoon and dined at 
Swinton according to agreement yesterday with Cupples, 
who had been assisting at Eccles. Staid till after tea, and 
in the evening rode over to Landreth's, where we nighted. 
Very hearty with our honest landlord. 

Wednesday, June 2Srd. — Breakfasted at Whitsum, 
whither Landreth accompanied, and he, Cupples, and 
Waugh attended us to Polwarth, where we had pro- 
mised at Eccles to dine with Willy Home. Willy was 
not quite assured of our coming, and we were late in 
arriving, the consequence of which was that we did 
not dine till near four. In the evening we four came 
over to Greenlaw, and staid with Mr. Hume. Intended 
to have gone home, but we were very late in setting 
out from Polwarth. Saw the beginning of Willy Home's 
new manse, which has been long a-coming, but will 



^ David Fordyce (171 1-89), a brother of the London banker, Alexander 
Fordyce, whose failure in 1772 caused a great sensation : published 
(anonymously) Dialogues Concerning Education, 1745-48. 



76 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

be the best built minister's house in the Merse, both 
materials and workmanship being excellent, and the con- 
trivance also very good. Monteith and Walter Anderson 
had been dining at Marchmont's, and came to the Manse 
in the evening. They spoke of His Lordship being much 
distrest at the present state of public affairs. Willy Home 
saw His Lordship yesterday, and spoke to him about 
Philip's Presentation. He had given out very positively 
that with the concurrence of the Duke of Argyle, he had 
secured the Presentation to Jedburgh for Mr. Boston ; 
but in this he has happened to be mistaken ; the Presenta- 
tion having actually come for Douglas. This alarmed us 
a little about the Hutton business, but Willy Home in- 
forms us that His Lordship discovers great keenness in 
that affair, having informed Willy that he had wrote to 
Edinburgh to enquire if Philip's Presentation was come, 
and if it was not, he was to write to London without delay 
in order to hasten it. 

Thursday, June 24^/^.— Set out from Greenlaw after 
breakfast. Our fellow travellers dined and drank tea with 
us, and then set out for their homes. Find my health and 
spirits much improved by this jaunt, in which we have had 
good weather, variety, and a good deal of amusement. 

Saturday, June 2Qth. — Prepared for to-morrow and 
wrought in the garden. Read most of the second Georgia. 
There are some good things in the Notes from Holdsworth ^ 
and Spence,^ but there are not many ; and the edition 
might have been rendered much more useful by the 
addition of a few more notes from other interpreters., 

Munday, June 28tk. — Philip set out in the morning, and 
Will along with him to bathe in the sea. Matthew Dysart 
and his nephew P. Brydon ^ came before dinner, the latter 



1 Edward Holdsworth (1684-1748), poet and classical scholar: wrote 
much on Virgil, and many of his notes appeared in Warton's edition. 

2 Joseph Spence (1699- 1768) : friend of Pope : Professor of Poetry at 
Oxford 1728 ; Regius Professor of Modern History there 1742 : pubhshed 
Polymetis, a treatise on classical mythology, 1747 : famous for his anecdotes 
which were published in 1820. 

3 Patrick Brydone, a son of the minister of Coldingham : he was about 
twenty-three at this time. He was the author of A Tour through Sicily and 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIBPATH 77 

to see Will. They dined, and betwixt 3 and 4 went down 
to Ednam. Rest of the day wrought some in the garden, 
and read most of the third Book of Virgil's Georgics, a 
poem that well deserves all the praises that have been 
bestowed on it. This book in particular abounds with 
charming animated descriptions. 

Tuesday, June 29th. — Read out the third Book of 
Virgil's Georgics and a great part of the fourth, also the 
eighth Eclogue. Mr. Dawson dined with us. Married 
two pair in the kirk.^ 

Wednesday, June 30. — Read out the Georgics with War- 
ton's translation, which upon the whole is a tolerable work ; 
more can scarce be justly said for it. He has a strange 
pleasure in Alexandrines, by which he intends no doubt 
to raise his verse nearer to the grandeur of the Latin : but 
the inequality or asperity they produce in the composition 
is so great that I confess I can scarce be reconciled to them ; 
though I believe they sometimes answer the purpose 
intended. Returned the book to the Library, my moneth 
being out. Charles went to Kelso and brought up the 
horse which was returned from Berwick by the postman. 
Philip writes me that it is certain that Byng is at Gib- 
raltar ; ^Iso that Dr. Balderstone has a daughter a fort- 
night ago, -which it is odd we have been so long a hearing of. 
Read some in the afternoon of an abridged Life of Peter 
the Great, which Nancy brought with her from Berwick, 
and which seems to be tolerably executed. 

Friday, July 2nc?.— Read to an end the Life of Peter, 
than whom no man ever better deserved the name of Great. 
This little life of him (by the Author of the Critical 
Review of the Life of Cromwell^) is wrote with sense and 
spirit, and is even tolerable, in point of style and 
composition. Wrought some in the garden, and got a 

Malta : married Mary, eldest daughter of Principal Robertson, and had 
three daughters who all made rather distinguished marriages. 

^ It is interesting to note the celebration of marriages in the church, 
a practice which not long after this date was entirely discontinued in 
Scotland, until very properly revived within recent years. 

2 Critical Review of the Life of Cromwell, London, I739> by a gentleman 
of the Middle Temple (J. Banks). i. 



78 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

letter in the evening from Philip in which he informs me 
that Hilton who was with Lord Marehmont last Saturday 
reports that there have been new difficulties about the 
Presentation to Hutton, but that H. Campbell writes My 
Lord they are now wholly got over, and that My Lord has 
wrote both to his brother and to the Duke of Newcastle's 
Secretary to have it sent without delay. Meantime My 
Lord Home's Presentation to Bell with his acceptance was 
delivered to the Presbytery last Tuesday, so that it seems 
there must be a struggle the event of which, however,, if 
a King's Presentation comes to Philip, appears no way 
dangerous, 

Saturday, July 3rd. — Prepared for to-morrow, and read 
about a third part of a small Life of Prince Eugene that 
has been long lying by me. It is said to have been wrote 
by an EngUsh officer who served some campaigns under 
him. It is much contracted, but not ill wrote. Wrought 
some in the garden. 

Sunday, July 4>th. — First Seceding Sacrament here. A 
great multitude. 

Munday, July 5th. — Read in the forenoon more of 
Prince Eugene's life. P.m. went to Home to a meeting 
about the poor, and drank tea at W. Stevenson's. Nancy 
along with me. Slept on Telemachus, a charming work, 
dictated by Virtue herself, and adorned with every beauty 
of poetry except its numbers. Nancy brought an English 
translation of it from Berwick of which I have read several 
books by snatches, within these few days. It is wholly 
new to me, as I have scarce looked into it, either in French 
or English for these many years. 

Tuesday, July 6th. — Went to the Presbytery, where we 
had no business. Alexander Duncan ^ who had been 
attending a funeral came in to us. We had also Walker 
the bridge-builder with us, whom the Kelso people have 



1 Alexander Duncan, minister of Smailholm 1743-95. He was Sir 
Walter Scott's minister during his boyhood at Smailholm and is thought to 
be the prototype of Josiah Cargill in St. Ronan's Well: married, 1774, 
Helen, daughter of WiUiam Home of Greenlaw Castle and granddaughter 
of Sir William Purves, Bart. 



175^] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 79 

sent for anew ; being in hopes of getting so much money 
by the collections to be made at church doors as will 
enable them to set the work agoing again. Mr. Lundy had 
desired him to make an estimate of the expenses of what 
was yet to be done, which Walker accordingly produced 
to us and which amounted to £1455. They had, two or 
three weeks ago, Brown who built the bridge at Melrose 
surveying all that was done and yet to be done, and he 
gave them an estimate of much the same amount, which is 
so high, and so much beyond expectation that I doubt it 
will throw an almost insuperable bar in the progress of the 
work. And it is unlucky that these estimates should have 
been procured and publicly spoken of before the collections 
had been made. For it may very probably prove a great 
discouragement to people's giving that they will appre- 
hend after all that there will be no bridge. Drank tea at 
Mr. Lundy's, and came home in the evening. 

Wednesday, July 7th. — Read most part of the first 
volume of Pope, with Warburton's Notes, ^ which I brought 
from Kelso with me last night. Read also almost to the 
end of Prince Eugene's life, which is often disagreeable 
by being too minute in the relation of battles and 
sieges. 

Thursday, July Sth. — Read much of Telemachus, also 
the newspapers, where there is nothing considerable. In 
the afternoon went to see Coventree the Seceder,^ who 
seems to be a good-natured lad. 

Friday, July 9th. — Read out Telemachus, which truly is 
a divine work. The greatest fault of it seems to be the 
combining of the Heathen Mythology with so pure and 
exalted a morale as that which runs uniformly through it. 
Thomas Turnbull, Robert and William Stevenson here at 
dinner, and sate till four. Tom had some cracks to us 



^ William Warburton (i 698-1 779), Bishop of Gloucester. He was 
Pope's literary executor and brought out an edition of that poet's works 
in 1751. 

2 George Coventry, ' a man of apostolic dignity and meekness of 
character ' and who was described by an enthusiastic admirer as ' one 
upon whom it seemed as if the effect of Adam's fall had not lighted.' 



BO DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [^756 

aboitt S. Chandler,^ the dissenting minister, with whom 
he dined at the Lord Advocate's, and who had been in 
Scotland for some time past. He has preached several 
times at Edinburgh to crowded audiences. Prompted 
by a charitable enterprising spirit of his own, and en- 
couraged by the Chancellor, he is setting on foot the 
project of a Foundling Hospital at Edinburgh, which it 
is thought will succeed. He is said to have been the 
principal promoter of a similar erection at London, to 
which last Session of Parhament ga,ve £10,000. After 
they were gone, looked out a sermon for to-morrow and 
read the Chevalier Ramsay's Discourse on Epick Poetry,^ 
which is prefixed to Telemachus. 

Munday, July 12th. — Rode to Lintoun and preached on 
Galatians 6. 14. Colleagued with Gowdie of Berwick, 
who came over with me here and staid all night. A very 
sweet-tempered, agreeable sort of man. He tells me that 
he heard from Philip that Lord Marchmont expected the 
Hutton Presentation the end of this week. 

Tuesday, July ISth. — Rode to Eccles according to pro- 
mise to Matthew on Saturday, where were Thomas Turn- 
bull, Robert and Lundy. Staid all night. Collector 
John Home with us at supper. 

Wednesday, July lUh. — Rode up from Eccles a.m., and 
having shaved here, walked down with Nancy to Kelso 
to Mr. Lundy's Strawberry Feast, which was but infre- 
quent, none of Mr. Dysart's ladies being there, nor other 
women, except Nancy and Aly Stevenson. Drank tea 
in Dobby's, and read the News-papers in the tap-room. 
Came home betwixt 10 and 11, Charles having brought 
down the horse for us. 

Thursday, July I5th. — Mr. Dawson here part of forenoon 



1 Samuel Chandler (1693-1766), minister of a Presbyterian congregation 
at Peckham, 1716 : nonconformist minister at the Old Jewry, 1726-66 : 
published pamphlets against deism, Roman Catholicism, etc. 

2 Andrew Michael Ramsay {1686- 1743), son of a baker in Ayr : became 
a Roman Catholic in 1710 : tutor to Prince Charles Edward : published 
in 1727 Voyages de Cyrtis in imitation of Telemaque ; a translation by 
Nathaniel Hooke, the younger, appeared in 1739. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 81 

and at dinner. Read a considerable part of Voltaire's Life 
of Charles XII. Read also Edinburgh Papers of last week, 
in which there is nothing very considerable. 

Friday, July 16th. — Read to an end Voltaire's Life of 
Charles XII., also some of the Scots Magazine, and of the 
first volume of Hanway's Travels,^ both of which I got 
from the Library. 

Saturday, July 17th. — Prepared for to-morrow, and read 
chiefly Hanway's Travels, which promise a good deal of 
entertainment, the subject being in great measure new, 
curious, and of late date. Got a letter in the evening from 
Berwick, in which Philip writes me that Lord Marchmont 
has had a letter from the Duke of Newcastle, and another 
from his secretary, in both which the Presentation is still 
promised. But there is not yet any intelligence of its 
arrival. Philip has heard nothing this Summer from 
Nevis, which is very distressing. 

Munday, July 19th. — Some thunder in the morning, 
hazy and a good deal of rain through the day. (This 
week was the destruction of the crop.) Read Hanway 
and looked over my sermons for one at Greenlaw on Sab- 
bath next. Charles was at St. Bosel's Fair, and bought 
a little cow for 43 sh. 

Tuesday, July 20th. — Went through the parish of Stitchel 
collecting for Kelso Bridge ; Robert Aymers along with me. 
Had tolerable success. Received about 54 shillings in cash, 
a guinea of which from Sir Robert. Several of the people 
at Mellerstain Fair, from whom we hope to get some 
thing afterwards. 

Thursday, July 22nd. — Fast day appointed by His 
Majesty in consequence of an application from last 
Assembly. Lectured on Psalm 130. Preached on 
Jeremiah 2. 13. 

Friday, July 23rd. — Read a good deal of Hanway's 
Travels, where there are several valuable observations 



^ Jonas Hanway (1712-83), traveller and philanthropist : published an 
account of his travels in Russia, 175:^ : one of the founders of the Marine 
Society (1756), of the Magdalen Charity {1758) : reformer of the Foundling 
Hospital and the pioneer of the umbrella. 

F 



82 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

with regard to trade. Read also the Preface and first 
Book of Ramsay's Cyrus. 

Saturday, July 2Uh. — Rode over to Greenlaw and staid, 
being the Saturday before the Sacrament. Laurie and 
Dickson preached. Had a letter from Philip in the morn- 
ing, in which he informs me that he had seen Hilton about 
8 days before, who told him that Marchmont had sent him 
a letter from Jones, Secretary to the Duke of Newcastle, 
in which he informs Marchmont that the Duke had in 
strongest terms recommended that the Presentation for 
PhiHp should be made out and dispatched without delay ; 
and Marchmont writes Hilton that if after this, the Presen- 
tation should not come, it was none of his fault, and he 
could do no more. This letter of Jones, Hilton desired 
the Duke to enclose to Mr. Watson, that Mr. Watson 
might attend the Secretary's Office and if possible see the 
thing done. From both John Hume and Willy, I learned 
other circumstances that were not promising ; from whence 
I am apt to conclude the affair to be in a bad way. 

Sunday, July 25//i.— Served three Tables, and preached 
p.m. from the window to a great multitude from 1 John 3. 3 ; 
Cupples, M. Dysart, and Willy Home co-assistants. The 
two former staid all night. 

Munday, July 26th. — Cupples and Matthew Dysart 
preached. Willy Home also with us. Lady Anne ^ and 
her son, and Coulter, his Governor, dined with us. Came 
home in the evening and slept on Hanway, 

Wednesday, July 28th. — Spent the day collecting for 
Kelso Bridge, in Home, Fallside-Hill, Oxmuir, Home 
Byres. Got betwixt 50 shillings and £3, and expect some 
more. Slept on Hanway's Account of Berlin, Dresden, etc, 
Thursday, July 29th. — Read Hanway to an end, who is a 
man of good natural understanding, a great goodness of 
heart, and seemingly an able merchant, but is not learned 
enough to be a traveller of the most entertaining kind ; 
though he is nearer the highest rate of such writers than 



* Daughter of the second Earl of Marchmont and wife of Sir William 
Purves, Bart. Her son Alexander was now seventeen. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 83 

the lowest. This narrative is often abundantly interesting, 
and there are a good many useful and curious things to be 
learned from him. In the afternoon rode to Smailholm on 
a long projected visit to Alexander Duncan, who has lately 
been very ill of a violent attack of his old distress, the 
colick, but is so much better as to have set out to-day for 
Stow, where the Sacrament is next Sunday. Read some 
of May London Magazine in the Evening. 

Friday, July 30th. — Extracted some things from Hanway 
and read a good deal of P. Du Halde's History of China, 
with which I was very well pleased, though the length of 
the work had hitherto in a great measure deterred me from 
entering on it. But now I think I shall go through all 
or most of it, if my avocations be not very great. 

Saturday, July 31st. — Prepared for to-morrow and spent 
the afternoon teaching T. Pollock some practical things 
in Geometry. His brother Allan ' has taken a fancy to 
have him up to London to assist him in the Academy ^ ; 
and if he leaves it, to succeed him in his place. I know not 
but he may be capable of it ; for that [he] has contracted 
a mischievous habit of trifling and being idle, he seems to 
have a good enough capacity for these things. 

Tuesday, August 3rd.— At the Presbytery where we had 
no business. In the evening attended a Library meeting 
where we gave two or three commissions for books. Paid 
in to Charles Ormiston what I had collected for the 
Bridge, amounting to £7, Is. lOd. Also the last moiety of 
Subscription money, which wants of the whole betwixt 
8 and 9 shillings. Robert Turnbull came home with me 
at night. 

Thursday, August 5th. — Read Du Halde and took up 
my tulips in the garden. About 6 W, Stevenson told 
me that W. Hill had told him that they had learned at 
Berwick yesterday that the Presentation to Philip had 
arrived at Edinburgh. Nancy came by the way of Ednam 
and John Waugh walking along with her. She had heard 

1 Allan, Mr. Pollock's eldest son, had become a schoolmaster in London, 
with important consequences to his brother Tom and his sister Ahson, 
as we shall see. 



84 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

the same from Mr. Hall. Have nothing in writing from 
Philip, which is odd. However, can scarce entertain any 
doubt of the fact. 

Friday, August 6th. — Had a letter from John Home in 
the morning, informing me that Philip's Presentation had 
come to Redbraes yesterday or Wednesday, and was sent 
forward by Lord Marchmont to Hutton-hall. The intelli- 
gence of its arrival at Edinburgh must have come to Ber- 
wick only by the Wednesday's Scots Post, for I had a 
letter from Philip of the date of Wednesday morning, in 
which he knew nothing of it. Mr. Dawson, Miss Angely, 
and Walter Pringle called here in the forenoon and sate 
a while. Afternoon Mary Herriot, Aly and Thomas 
Pollock came to tea. The two lassies staid all night, 
Mary having long promised us a visit, which she never 
accomplished till now. 

Saturday, August 7th. — Rode to Makerstoun to break- 
fast, where were Peggy Hall with the two dear little 
girhes Grace and Bella. They had told Nancy at St. 
James' Fair that they intended to dine here to-day, 
and as I was obliged to be at Nenthorn I thought it best 
to go see them at Makerstoun. Came up thence with Mr. 
Walker and his wife to Nenthorn, where I preached. 

Munday, August 9th. — At Nenthorn, where Fr. Scot and 
Mas James Innes preached. Betwixt 4 and 5 rode down to 
Kelso with Richardson the preacher ^ who had come from 
Gordon. Hoped to find there Nancy, Aly Pollock, and 
Mary Herriot, but found after I came home that Mary had 
been sent for home last night from Ednam. Settled 
accounts with Alex. Ramsay and received the balance due, 
which was £2, 19s. Returned him one shilling. 

Tuesday, August 10th. — Read most of the May Review, 
where there is nothing very material. Also Mason's Odes,^ 



1 There were, as before mentioned, two persons of this name who were 
licensed about the same time, the one by the Presbytery of Edinburgh 
and the other by that of Kelso. It is the latter who is probably meant 
here. He became, after being in some previous charges, minister of More- 
battle in 1786. 

' William Mason (1724-97), poet : friend of Gray and his literary 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 85 

of which the chief beauty is the versification. Was at 
Hairy-Heugh a.m. seeing a sick girl. 

Wednesday, August 11th. — Read Du Halde. Took up 
my anemones and ranunculuses. Wrought some in the 
glebe, when the last of my hay was put into a rick. Had a 
walk in the evening with Peggy Pringle, Minna Dawson, 
and Nancy. 

Friday, August ISth, — Read for amusement some Articles 
in Bibl. Rais., and about 4 set out in my way to Eyemouth. 
Reached Whitsum about 7 and staid all night. Learned 
from J. Waugh that the Royal Presentation to Philip 
was given in to the Presbytery last Tuesday. The Presby- 
tery passed no judgment on the Presentations, but ap- 
pointed Philip to preach at Hutton on Sunday se'ennight, 
which seems rather to have been too hasty and looks too 
much like taking a side. 

Saturday, August lUh. — Landreth came in the morning 
and breakfasted, and then John Waugh and he and 1 set 
out for Eyemouth. Hepburn and Waugh preached there. 
Found Philip there in pretty good health. He has been 
bathing in the sea and seems to be the better of it. 

Sunday, August 15th. — Preached in the Chutch-yard on 
Hebrews 10. 38, and served a Table. Landreth, Breyden, 
and Philip colleagues. Breyden ^ as usual preached 
without. 

Monday, August 16th. — Landreth and Gowdie of Berwick 
preached. Insisted on Landreth preaching my dyet, 
which was to-day, there being no particular dyet for him. 
Mr. Allan having got him to supply Hepburn's place on 
Sunday, Hepburn ^ being at Mordington. Was at New 
Byres in the evening. 

Tuesday, August 17th. — Called in the forenoon at the 
Robsons and James Turnbull's as we had done yesterday 

executor : corresponded with Horace Walpole : his Odes had just been 
pubhshed this year. 

1 Robert Bryden, minister of Coldingham 1725-61 : married EHzabeth 
Dysart, only daughter of his predecessor in the parish, and half-sister of 
the diarist's friend, Matthew Dysart. 

2 Patrick Hepburn, minister of Ay ton 1753-72 : son of William 
Hepburn, minister of Fowlis- Wester. 



86 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

afternoon at Wm. Nisbet's. After dinner Philip and I 
rode in to Berwick and got much rain for the last two miles. 
Found all well at my sister's, she herself in particular 
looking better than she has done for years past. Murray, 
W. Anderson, and Mary Neilson were drinking tea there. 
Mary has been sore distrest with an inflammation in her 
eyes, which has thinned her greatly, and her eyes still 
continue very weak, and not free of the inflammation. 

[A page missing here.] 

Wednesday, August 25th.— ^ead variously. Took a 
walk in the afternoon towards the place where our people 
were laying in lint and read some Epistles of Horace with 
great gout. Nancy Thompson here at tea p.m., and also 
John Millar a call. 

Thursday, August 26th. — Read some of P. du Halde's 
second volume. Also looked over the last Proposition of 
Plain (sic) Trigonometry and the Use of Sherwin's Tables 
of the Logs of Numbers for the sake of helping Thomas 
Pollock in these things. Wrought a little in the garden. 
Had a letter from Philip, in which he informs me had good 
enough spirits at Hutton last Sunday, and that he preached 
to a large congregation. He dined at Hilton's, and was 
well used there. 

Friday, August 27th. — Read with much gout some of 
the beginning of L' Esprit des Loix. Read also about forty 
pages of the beginning of Drummond's History of the Five 
King Jameses,^ which I got from the Library. Was 
working with Thomas Pollock, who came up with his 
mother p.m., at some Trigonometry, when Mr. Dysart, his 
wife Nan, and the clerk arrived to tea. 

Tuesday, August Slst. — Read mostly Drummond, some 
also of Don Quixote. T. Pollock here in the afternoon, 
with whom I read Trigonometry. Exhausted too many 
spirits with him. Sent Charles to Chyrnside with a letter 



1 Sir William Drummond of Hawthornden, the poet, wrote a History 
of Scotland during the reigns of the five Jameses, which it has been said 
'for purity of style and elegance of expression ' was not surpassed by 
the work of any other author of the age. ' 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 87 

of concurrence with Philip's Presentation from Slatehouse, 
which I got from Kelso late last night. Had nothing in 
return but an account that the Presbytery after a good 
deal of reasoning had delayed the affair till next Meeting. 
Philip, it seems, was preaching there, of which I did not 
know. 

Wednesday, September 1st. — Read Drummond to an 
end, who deserves the character of a judicious, candid, 
and not ineloquent historian. He has had the ancient 
models in his view and has not succeeded ill in his imita- 
tion of them. Looked over in the evening some things 
in Musschenbroek's Elements of Natural Philosophy,^ which 
I got from T. Pollock, who borrows it from somebody. 
P.m. was so far in my way to Sir Robert's, but turned 
back on hearing that Sir Robert and Miss Peggy were 
not at home. 

Thursday, September 2nd. — Revised some parts of 
Drummond. Mrs. Stevenson of Home Byres and her 
sister here p.m., also a nephew of theirs of their own name, 
Baron, a young writer. 

Friday, September Srd. — Went to Kelso to the examina- 
tion of Dobby's school. Andrew Chatto, Robert TurnbuU, 
and Lundy there besides. Boys behaved tolerably and 
not much more. Dined in Dobby's with a large company. 
Drank tea in Mr. Dawson's, Nancy along with me, and 
came home about 8. 

Saturday, September Mh. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
read some of Musschenbroek, who is a distinct enough writer 
and comprehensive in his plan. John Aitchison of Mor- 
peth and his wife,^ also a boy of his at Kelso school here at 
dinner. His wife has long been ill and is now riding about 
for her health. 



^ Pierre van Musschenbroek (1692-1764), a Dutch physician of Leyden : 
his Epitome elementorum physico-mathematicorum. in usus academieos was 
published at Leyden, 1725, and went through many editions. 

2 John Aitchison, minister of a Presbyterian congregation at Morpeth : 
afterwards minister of Falkirk 1758-87 (not 1759 as stated in the Fasti 
Eccl. Scot.). He married in 1741 Jean Hardie, and had three sons, born 
respectively in 1744, 1745, and 1747 : it is impossible to say which of thefm 
is here referred to; probably the eldest, Samuel. , •" ' 



88 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

Munday, September 6th. — Forenoon saw sick. Matthew 
Dysart came to dinner, and soon after Wallace, the parson 
of Carham, a good enough natured man to appearance, 
but contracted in principles and in knowledge of the world. 
He and Matthew staid till the evening. 

Tuesday, September 7th. — Saw in the morning John 
Watson's wife, who had been seized with a violent colick, 
but was grown better. Found W.^ Jeffery of Musselburgh 
here when I returned, who went with me to the Presbytery, 
where we had no business. He came back with me at 
night. An industrious, honest man, and of very good 
capacity. 

Wednesday, September 8th. — Set out with Jeffery after 
10. Called at Greenlaw, Polwarth, and Langtown suc- 
cessively, but found nobody at home. Rode forward to 
Duns, and got something to dinner in Watson's. Went 
afterwards and saw Alison Bell, and drank tea in Dickson's. 
Came out with Jeffery to Langtown, where Mr. Laurie and 
his wife, together with William Home, his wife, and daughter, 
arrived somewhat late. They had been at a kettle of 
salmon ^ at Scyth's with John Home of Athelstaneford, 
Carlisle, etc. 

Thursday, September 9th. — Came over to Polwarth with 
Mr. Home's people, and went with W. to Marchmont House, 
on a long projected visit to his Lordship. Was well enough 
received. [The] Lord Register has been there for some 
weeks, but is to go away soon. The lady a very sweet 
looking woman, and has a good face, but by no means 
deserves the praises given her as a beauty.^ Drank tea 

^ Sic in MS. : perhaps a brother of the Ninian Jeffrey previously 
mentioned. 

' It was the custom for a party to be made up which went to the 
banks of the Tweed, and when salmon were landed the fish were at once 
cooked and formed the principal part of an al fresco repast. 

3 Lady Marchmont was the Earl's second wife : she was Elizabeth, 
daughter of Windmill Crompton, a linen-draper in Cheapside. At the 
time of her marriage in 1748 she was only about seventeen, and the Earl 
was so infatuated with her that he proposed to her the day after seeing 
her for the first time in a box at the theatre : died 1797. She was painted 
by Reynolds, and an old retainer described her as ' just the fairest creature 
that ever stept this earth>' 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 89 

with Nancy Burnet. Staid at Polwarth all night, where 
was also John of At heist aneford.^ 

Friday, September 10th. — Rode with William Home, his 
wife, and John, to Dunse Well, where they have been at 
great pains within this week or two to discover the mineral 
spring purer and at a safer distance from the brook which 
sometimes overflows the old well, in which they seem to 
have succeeded. They will have a less quantity of water 
indeed than before, but by the experiments they have 
made, two or three times as strong. Lord Marchmont's 
people have been attending this Well for a good while past, 
and this new discovery was a project of my Lord's, of 
which he seems to be very fond. The company were all 
gone or going before we arrived. Returned to Polwarth 
to breakfast, and came home by the way of Greenlaw, 
where I dined and drank tea with John Hume. He has 
got a very neat plan and prospect of Marchmont House, 
a compliment from his Lordship. 

Munday, September ISth. — Nancy and I rode to Eccles 
to dine, and staid till the evening. Asked at Mr. Home 
how far the Crown lawyers nnight be depended on for 
taking on of the King's Right in the affair of Hutton. He 
seemed to say that they are scarce to be trusted without 
being paid and retained, yet advised to be cautious of 
embarking, as the expense may be considerable. Wrote 
this, with all that I knew besides concerning that affair in 
a long letter to James Allan enclosed in one to Philip. 
Slept on Black's work on the Magnesia Alba ^ in the 
Edinburgh Essays. 

Tuesday, September lUh. — Read more of Black's treatise, 
which, though containing something new and curious, 
is wrote obscurely and disagreeably. Read also some of 
Melville's essay on Light,^ where there is a great discovery 

^ i.e. John Home, the author of Douglas. 

2 Robert Black (1726-99), afterwards the celebrated Professor of 
Chemistry in the University of Edinburgh. The paper was probably his 
graduation thesis, De humore acido a cribis orto et magnesia alba, which 
laid the foundations of quantitative analysis and pneumatic chemistry. 

^ Thomas Melville (1726-53), at first a divinity student in Edinburgh, 
but became an experimental philosopher in 1752 : he read before the 



90 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

of genius. P.m. drank tea at Sir Robert's, where there was 
nobody but Mrs. Pringle and Miss Peggy. 

Wednesday, September 15th. — Rode to Kelso, chiefly 
to ^ee the progress of the bridge. They have been too 
quick with the last built arch, in which there is a visible 
bulge near the top, and a crack in the middle. Yet I 
believe there is no hazard. They are now at work on one 
of the largest arches, and are going on more deliberately. 
Dined in Doctor Gibson's. Drank tea in Mr. Dawson's, 
and supped and slept in Mr. Lundy's, where John Cleg- 
horn was with us till bed-time. 

Thursday, September 16th. — Breakfasted with Mrs. Park, 
who has nobody with her now but Slatehouse. Came home 
between 11 and 12. Wrote a long letter to Professor John 
Stevenson, giving him a character of John Aitchison of 
Morpeth, who expects to be recommended to the Advocate 
for a Kirk, by the Chief Baron Ord. Also giving him some 
account of the Hutton affair, and desiring his advice 
about it. In the afternoon, walked with Nancy to Home 
Byres,. and gave this letter to G. Stevenson's wife, who 
sets out in her return to Edinburgh to-mororw. At night 
read a good deal of the beginning of Huxham on Fevers,^ 
which I brought from Mr. Lundy's. 

Friday, September 17th. — Read more of Huxham — a very 
judicious author. John Ker of Coldstream came before 
12, and staid till 4. 

Munday, September 20th. — Thomas Wilkinson of London 
and young Thomas Rutherford came here to dine from 
Learmouth and went away after tea. Wilkinson has been 
a long tour to the North, and has taken, he informs me, 
the whole fishing of the Ness for 15 years. Mr. Pollock 
and his son also here. Mas Thomas dined at Sir Robert's. 
Finished Huxham, who is an excellent author ; a faithful 
follower of Nature, without regard to sect or hypothesis. 

Tuesday, September 21st. — Set out in the morning for 



Edinburgh Medical Society his ObservHtidns on Light and Colour, and in 
the following year a paper on Refrangibility of the Rays of Light. 
■'■'.'*■ John Huxham (1692-1768), physician: his medical works were 
published at Leipzig 1764, 1773, and 1829. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 91 

Dunse Well, expecting to find James Allan there, or in the 
neighbourhood. Breakfasted at Polwarth, where were 
Landreth and Walter Anderson, and dined at Langtown 
along with William and Sandy Home of Abbey. James 
Allan not casting up, was obliged to ride forward to Eye- 
mouth, where I found he had gone to Dunglass the day 
before, and did not return that night. 

Wednesday, September 22nd. — James Allan cast up 
before dinner. Had a walk in the forenoon with Andrew 
Edgar, his wife, and Mr. Colvill. Drank tea at Mrs. 
Crow's and supped in Mr. Edgar's. Philip, at my desire, 
by a note sent him, came out in the evening. He had got 
in the morning a letter from his old scholar, Thomas 
Bridgewater, where, along with apologies and promises, he 
is informed that Mrs. Bridgewater had wrote to M'Doual 
of Castle-Semple, who, it seems, is of West Indian extrac- 
tion, and is a relation of hers, desiring him to advance 
Philip £300. M'Doual's lady is a niece of Mrs. Lumisden's 
of Blanerne. It was therefore judged proper to procure 
a letter from one of the young men there to M'Doual, 
attesting Philip's character, etc., and along with which 
letter he is to write himself ; though I am afraid with little 
probability of succeeding. 

Thursday, September 2Srd. — Set out in the morning, 
James Allan and I, for AUanbank, where we found all the 
family gone away to Nisbet to dine. Philip went to 
Blanerne to see Lumisden. James and I rode down to 
Waugh's, where we staid all night. After much consulta- 
tion, it was thought most expedient for the Presbytery 
to keep the Hutton affair in their own hands, and to pro- 
ceed after the Synod, in favour of Philip, if it should be 
judged proper for the service of his cause. Allan and I 
also found it necessary to resolve to wait on [the] Lord 
Advocate, which we have- appointed to do the week after 
next. 

Friday, September 2Uh. — ^James Allan left us after break- 
fast, and I staid till after dinner. John Waugh's house 
is just going to be blue-slated.^ Came home after 6. 

^ Slated houses were then the exceptions, thatch being the usual covet- 



92 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

Found my barley all cut and part of the oats. Dozed 
over some of the Edinburgh Essays, 

Saturday, September 25th. — ^John Miller came here about 
10, and supped. He was attending a poor woman in labour 
in the town, and proposed to sleep here, but was obliged 
to be up all night. 

Sunday, September 2Qth. — Wrote to James Allan about 
Philip's affair, and sent down the horse to go by postman 
to Will. 

Munday, September 27th. — ^Wrote in the forenoon to 
Wallace, desiring his recommendation to [the] Lord Advo- 
cate in Philip's affair. P.m. went to Ednam to see Aly 
Pollock, who is ailing of low spirits, etc. Revised some of 
Huxham. 

Tuesday, September 2^th. — Revised Huxham. Weeded 
winter spinnage in the garden, and was sometimes in the 
glebe with the shearers. Will and Billy Temple arrived 
in the evening. 

Wednesday, September 29th. — Chatted with B. Temple, 
a fine, sensible, modest boy. Revised some of Huxham. 
Philip came in the evening from Polwarth, where he has 
been since Saturday night. 

Thursday, September SOth. — Mr. Dawson here at dinner. 
George Trotter of Belchester's eldest son here at tea to see 
Billy Temple, who, with Will, had gone to Kelso. In the 
evening, looked to the Moon and Saturn through the tele- 
scope. Saw Saturn's ansated shape distinctly enough, 
but none of his satellites. Or, at most, an indistinct glimmer 
of one of them. 

Friday, October 1st. — Nancy, Will, and Billy Temple set 
out for Melrose in the morning. Philip and I went on 
foot to Kelso, where I proposed to find Robert Turnbull 
to tell him of my project of going to Lothian next week, 
also to look at something in the Library. Monteith, his 
wife and son, William Home, his wife, and two other boys 
were all in the town, having been at Sprouston yesterday. 



ing. See Somerville's Life and Times, p. 340, where he says that the 
tower in Hawick was the only slated house there in 1757. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 93 

Dined in Mr. Dawson's, and drank tea with these people in 
the Doctor's p.m. Robert Turnbull, Philip, and I stayed 
in Mr. Lundy's all night, where Monteith, also John Miller 
and the young lad Tod,^ supped with us. 

Saturday, October 2nd. — Breakfasted with Mr. Lundy 
and walked up before dinner. Mr. Monteith, his wife and 
son, gave us a call. Billy Temple and Will went to Bel- 
chester, and came back in the evening. Prepared for 
to-morrow, and read part of the August Scots Magazine, 
which I brought from Kelso. 

Sunday, October 3rd, — Philip and Billy Temple, a very 
fine promising lad, left us in the morning. Philip preaches 
at Swinton for Cupples, who is making a visit in Ireland 
to a sister he has married there. Got a very obliging letter 
from Professor John Stevenson in the morning about the 
Hutton affair, concerning which he spoke to the Lord 
Advocate, and gives me his own best advice. 

Munday, October Uh. — Rode to Home to see a child. Re- 
vised some parts of Scots (August) Magazine, and read the 
greatest part of Russel's Natural History of Aleppo.^ 

Tuesday, October 5th. — Had Charles at Kelso in the morn- 
ing to enquire for letters, James Allan not having, accord- 
ing to expectation, cast up last night. Had no letters, 
but heard by Charles that poor Landreth died on Sunday 
night. Soon after, I got a burial letter and learned by the 
bearer that the good man, after having preached, ate his 
dinner heartily and walked half a mile from the town with 
a young man who dined with him, came back and went to 
bed after discovering some tendency to vomit, and com- 
plaining of a pain at his breast, when he fell asleep, and 
soon after, was found dead. An enviable euthanasia, 
after a life very remarkable for the very highest nobility 
and humanity. Thought, as I was riding to Kelso, of 
asking the votes of my co-presbyters for James Allan, who. 



^ This may perhaps have been John Tod, the eldest son of John Tod 
the successor of George Ridpath's father at Ladykirk : he was only 
thirteen at this time : afterwards minister of Fogo. 

2 Alexander Russell, physician to English factory at Aleppo 1740-53 : 
his Natural History of A leppo had j ust been published in this year. 



94 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

a great while ago, spoke to me of having this in liis view. 
Thought also of securing the thing for Philip, in case the 
Hutton business should go wrong, but found on arriving 
at Kelso that Laurie had been beforehand with me, having 
got the votes of the greatest part of our Presbytery, and 
wrote many letters to the members of other Presbyteries. 
James Allan came to Kelso in the evening with his 
head full of the project of the Clerkship, but he was too 
late. Laurie, Mr. Walker, and he came up here and staid 
all night. 

Wednesday, October 6th, — Laurie left us very early in the 
morning. James Allan, after further revolving the busi- 
ness of the Clerkship, gave it up, partly from the advantage 
Laurie had got in starting so early, partly from an unwilling- 
ness to oppose a man, his friend, and in his circumstances. 
W. Walker, James, and I, after dining early, set out for 
the funeral, where there were a great many people and 
great demonstrations of a well-founded grief from the 
inhabitants of the place. Lundy, Philip, and I rode 
forward to John Herri ot's, and staid all night. 

Thursday, October 7th. — James Allan came to us from 
Kersfield in the morning, and we called at Tod's. Philip 
went away before dinner. Allan, Lundy, and I staid till 
after tea. Got home a little before 8. Dozed and read 
some of Russel's History of Aleppo. James Allan told us 
that John Renton had been spoke to by Sir John Stewart 
about a project of getting Bell to succeed Landreth at 
. Simprim, if he would drop Hutton ; but Renton, who has 
of late been far from acting a right or moderate part in 
this affair, rejected the proposal with indignation. 

Friday, October Sth.—Read Russel to an end. His 
account of the Plague is good, and his practise in 
it seems to be judicious, and, according to him, 
was often successful. In general, however, this work 
of his is neither remarkable for genius nor erudition. 
But his account of things seems to be very faithful and 
exact, and many of them in their own nature are en- 
tertaining. Cleghorn's account of Minorca is the original 
he seems to have in his eye, but he falls a good deal 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 95 

short of it. Read also most of Scots (July) Magazine, 
and revised part of Russel. 

Saturday^ October 9th. — At night wrote out a sort of 
epitome of what we know with regard to His Majesty's 
claim to the patronage of Hutton. 

Sunday, October 10th. — In the afternoon rode down to 
the burial of Mrs. Wood, who died on Friday, and leaves 
behind her a family that seems to be in hazard of great 
indigence. Drank tea in Mr. Dawson's, and came home 
about 7. 

Munday, October 11th. — Prepared a.m. for niy journey, 
and set out after dinner for Longformacus, where I had 
appointed Mr. Allan to meet me. Raining most of the 
way. Got there about sunset. James Allan arrived about 
two hours after. Spent the night very heartily with 
Monteith, 

Tuesday, October 12th. — Rode from Longformacus to 
Fala to dine. Got there about 3, and found Peter ^ at 
home. His sister ^ is now with him since her father's death. 
A cousin of his also there from Inverara, a fine girlie, and 
abundantly pretty. After a repast at Peter's set out for 
Borthwick, where we arrived about daylight's going away. 

Wednesday, October ISth. — Thomas Turnbull ^ having 
informed us that [the] Lord Advocate was to set out this 
morning on a course of visits to his wife's relations and 
not to return till Saturday night, we, after a good deal of 
pause, and a good deal contrary to my inclination, resolved 



^ Peter or Patrick Simson, minister of Fala 1743-59: son of Matthew 
Simson, minister of Pencaitland : took part in the battle of Prestonpans, 
but is said to have fled from the field : was afterwards taken prisoner by 
the Prince's troops, but was liberated after a detention of three weeks : 
he was a great angler. 

2 Probably his youngest, Janet, who in a year of great scarcity re- 
ceived the thanks of the Kirk Session of Pencaitland for superintending 
the spinning industry set on foot in the parish for the employment of 
the poor. 

^ Thomas Turnbull, son of George Turnbull, minister of Tynninghame, 
and brother of Robert Turnbull of Sprouston. He had been minister of 
Greenlaw 1725-34, and was now minister of Borthwick. He married in 
1726 Margaret, daughter of Hugh Stevenson of Montgrenan, and had 
two sons and two daughters. 



96 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

to stay in the country till Siinday was over, and to preach 
for Thomas Turnbull at Borthwick. Set out for Edin- 
burgh about inid-day, where we saw G. Wallace ^ in the 
evening ; desired his assistance, and got his opinion, which 
was rather favourable than otherwise. 

Thursday, October lUh, — Saw John Davidson, ^ who is 
Agent for the Crown, and talked to him both yesterday 
afternoon and this morning. He was abundantly dry 
about the affair, but will follow the orders of the Advocate. 
Breakfasted in Mr. Wallace's and dined with Mrs. Laurie. 
Gilbert is Town Treasurer, and happened to be so taken up 
with Town's affairs, that we did not see him, which I 
regretted much. Chiefly to save expense, we left the town 
p.m., and came to Fala, where we past the night. 

Friday, October 15th, — ^Went with Patrick's family to 
Leeston, where we dined and past the night. Hamilton 
of Fala ^ there, which occasioned a great drink. Have 
not drank so much at a time this twelvemonth, Aly Home 
staying there for some time, and looking very well on't. 
An agreeable, rough place, and the people very hospitable 
and sensible. 

Saturday, October 16th. — Came over with Patrick's 
people, and dined at Fala. Set out betwixt 4 and 5, and 
Patrick along with us, for Borthwick, he being to preach 
at a place in the Presbytery to which Borthwick was so 
far in his way. Spent the night agreeably. Much enter- 
tained out of Thomas's unexhausted store. 

Sunday, October 17th. — I lectured on 16th Psalm fluently 
enough. James Allan preached. [The] Lord Advocate 



* George Wallace, advocate, was a son of Dr. Wallace of the New 
North Parish, Edinburgh, by his wife Helen, a sister of Ridpath's friend 
Robert Turnbull, minister of Sprouston. Wallace was the author of 
several legal treatises : he died unmarried 1805. 

^ John Davidson of Stewartfield and Haltree, son of James Davidson 
of Haltree : W.S. 1749 : Crown Agent at this time : Deputy Keeper of 
the Signet, 1778 till his death in 1797. He lived in the uppermost house 
on the Castle Hill next the Castle, on the north side of the street. 

3 Thomas Hamilton of Fala, great-grandson of James Makgill, first 
Viscount of Oxf uird : succeeded his kinswoman Henrietta, Viscountess of 
Oxfuird in her estates, and took the name of Makgill. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 97 

and family in the Kirk. We went over to Arniston to 
dine with him, and before dinner, talked over our affair. 
He told us, agreeably to what G. Wallace had told us 
before, that nothing certain could be pronounced con- 
cerning Lord Home's claim, till his rights were produced, 
which the King's lawyers would call for so soon as the 
Process was enrolled ; that if Lord Home's people affected 
delays, the Presbytery might demand a sight of His Lord- 
ship's titles, and if these were refused and the process of 
declarator not carried on, the Presbytery might go for- 
ward even to the last step with safety. He seem'd also 
to think, as G. Wallace also hinted before, that if My 
Lord's claim had been good, more of it would have ap- 
peared in the summonds. Civilly entertained by his 
Lordship, and saw his new Lady,^ a girl of twenty-two, 
with the freshest bloom in her countenance that I have 
seen for a long time past. Arniston is a very beautiful 
place, but we had no time to see much of it. Came back 
to Borthwick in the evening, whither also Thomas had 
come before us from Lass wade. 

Munday, October ISth. — Set out from Borthwick betwixt 
9 and 10. Dined at Channelkirk Braefoot, and got home 
betwixt 6 and 7. Our horses performed but heavily, which, 
with the badness of the day, made the journey disagreeable. 

Tuesday, October 19th. — James Allan left us about 11. 
Read some of Russel's account of Aleppo, and p.m. went 
up to Sir Robert's. Miss Hall and Sandy Purves there, 
besides Sir Robert and the girls. Had not seen Miss and 
Miss Mary before, since the return of the former from 
Holy Island and of the other from Moffat. They seem 
both to be a good deal better, 

Wednesday, October 20th. — Revised some more of Russel. 
Aly Stevenson and the lad Dickson, a young student in 
Sprouston, came before dinner and staid all night. Walter 



1 Robert Dundas of Arniston, at this time Lord Advocate, had married 
on yth September of this year, as his second wife, Jane, daughter of 
WiUiam Grant of Prestongrange. It was to her relatives that they were 
now paying a visit. 

Q 



98 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

Scot (Sandy Know) ^ called here in the evening with a 
letter from James Allan, dated from Allanbank, where 
they have persuaded him to resume his project of obtain- 
ing the clerkship to the Synod, though most probably to 
no purpose, after delaying so long, and after so much dili- 
gence used on the part of Laurie. And I am afraid, after 
what is past, there may be a hazard of quarrelling with 
Laurie about this affair. 

Thursday, October 21st, — Guests left us in the forenoon. 
Afterwards read miscellaneously, and was a while in the 
glebe. P.m. went to Ednam, and spoke to Mr. Pollock 
about James Allan's affair. He is ready to do anything. 
Mused most of the night about that affair, and made a 
calculation, on as favourable suppositions as I could, of the 
number of votes that might be made for Mr. Allan in the 
Synod ; but cannot see probability of success. 

Friday, October 22nd. — Wrote a letter to James Allan 
about the Synod clerkship. Wrote also to Hog ^ and 
John Bell to ask them to keep their votes for Allan, if not 
already engaged. Afternoon and evening, read some of 
the Memoirs of the Due de Sully, the first volume of which 
I at last got from the library. 

The fall of Kelso bridge.^ — This evening, a little before 5, 
the dismal accident happened of the fall of the last-built 
and one of the greatest arches of Kelso bridge, from which 
they had almost finished the work of removing the coomb 
when it fell and destroyed 6 men, who have all of them 
left families, Pringle and Hogarth, two of the principal 
weights, large ones. It was visibly giving way before it 
came down, but Walker, the principal workman, a stupid, 
brutal fellow, insisted that the men should continue their 
work. I heard the noise of the fall, which I thought a 
discharge of musquetry, or a distant clap of thunder. 



1 Walter Scott, uncle of Sir Walter Scott, eldest son of Robert Scott in 
Sandyknowe. He WcLS a W.S. : married Anne Rutherford, and had thir- 
teen children. 

2 Robert Hogg, minister of Roxburgh 1735-81, married 1743 Mary 
Home, and had one son and six daughters. 

^ Marginal note. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 99 

standing at the corner of my house. Sir Robert heard it 
about his own doors, and afterwards learned that Mrs. 
Stevenson's son and a servant heard it at Home Byres. 

Munday, October 25th. — Baptized a child at Home a.m. 
Read some more of Sully's Memoirs. In the evening 
arrived first Monteith and Walter Anderson, and then 
James Allan. Had a good deal of talk about the clerkship 
and other things. 

Tuesday, October 2Qth. — James Allan set out in the 
morning for Sandy Know, to see what W. Scot had done. 
Monteith, Walter Anderson, and I rode down to the Synod, 
where Laurie was chosen clerk at the first dyet by a 
majority of 11 or 12 ; whence it is easy to conclude that if 
James Allan had employed due pains, he must certainly 
have succeeded. Monteith had a considerable number of 
votes ; being set up and having interest made for him 
by his friends, after he had himself engaged for Laurie. 
But as he had not strength enough to carry his point, he 
declined standing, and most of his votes went over to 
Laurie. Laurie complained a good deal of Allan's be- 
haviour and mine, which certainly had not a very favour- 
able appearance. James was overpowered by the solici- 
tation of his friends at Allanbank, so far as not to decline 
being a candidate, and the interest was made for him by 
them and not by himself : and that after Laurie had had 
time to make all the interest in his power. As for myself, 
my engagement to Laurie proceeded always on the sup- 
position of James Allan's not being a candidate, so that 
when he became one, which he did too without my advice, 
I thought myself obliged to vote for him, yet the behaviour 
of both himself and me, is abundantly liable to miscon- 
struction, and few things of the kind have given me more 
uneasiness. In the afternoon sederunt, went through the 
minutes, and heard the papers in the Jedburgh Cause, 
which were insufferably tedious, and nothing could be 
more absurd and improper than Riccalton's long answers 
to the reasons of appeal drawn by T. Potts, consisting 
chiefly of low, personal altercation with that pettifogger, 
who is, however, much the better writer of the two. 



100 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

Supped at Waldie's with Sir John Stewart and a mixt 
company of ministers, and some Jedburgh people, his 
clients. 

Wednesday, October 27th. — In the forenoon dyet heard 
parties in the Jedburgh cause, in which M'Queen ^ was 
advocate for the Crown, and Sir John Stewart for the 
opponents of Douglas the presentee, ^ and after a very 
short reasoning, referred it simpliciter to the Commission, 
who were empowered by the late Assembly, to judge in 
any question relating to this affair. Din'd at Wood's 
with M'Quean and a large company, entertained at the 
expense of Lord Braidelbine, whose minister Douglas is, 
and by whose interest he procured this presentation. 
One Watt, Breidelbine's agent, was attending the cause 
at the Synod. In the evening went through the ordinary 
form, appointed a collector for the poor sufferers by the 
fall of the bridge and rose. Spent the evening again with 
M'Quean and his company. Gave this attendance on 
M'Quean on account of his commission with the Advocate. 
Sate too long, and drank a good deal too much. 

Thursday, October 2Sth. — Came home from the Synod to 
dine. Trotter and Lundy, with whom James Allan and I 
had appointed to go to Selkirk to see the Solicitor (after- 
wards Lord Aylmer) ^ did not come up from Kelso till 
near 4. We thought it too late to set out then, and 
therefore prevailed with them to stay all night. Monteith 
came up about 8. He had disclosed himself last night a 
candidate for the clerkship, Laurie having only been 
chosen durante bene placito, and a bruit being raised without 
any just ground that Mr. Allan was to be a candidate. 
But after various conversations and dealings of him and 



1 Robert Macqueen, afterwards the famous Lord Braxfield, of whom 
so many stories are told. No wonder that Ridpath afterwards complains 
of the late hours and of having drank too much in his company. 

2 John Douglas, minister of Jedburgh 1758-68. He had been appointed 
to the parish on the resignation of his presentation by Bonar (see ante, p. 66) 
and his settlement had been strongly opposed, and gave rise to the Relief 
Church under Boston, as formerly mentioned. 

• * Marginal note, 



> > 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 101 

his friends with Laurie, he resolved to drop it. Got a 
good deal of sport from him on various subjects. 

Friday, October 29th. — Set out for Selkirk about 8, and 
got to it betwixt 12 and 1. Learned that the Solicitor 
was gone to the burial of Davidson of Galashiels,^ who 
dyed last Sunday. Staid and dined with Trotter ; and 
Mr. Pringle ^ having returned in the evening, James Allan, 
Lundy, and I went to see him, and were kept by him to 
sup. Very civilly received and entertain'd. Talked to 
him some generals about the Hutton affair, in which I 
hope he will be friendly. A man of much dignity and 
sense, and very entertaining conversation. 

Saturday, October SOth. — This week has been good 
weather, and has served to bring in the corn in most 
places of this country. Left Selkirk betwixt 9 and 10. 
Lundv struck off from us at Melrose, and James Allan and 
I got here before 2. After dinner he set out homewards. 
Did something for to-morrow, and read August Magazine, 
which had come from Berwick while I was away. 

Munday, November 1st. — Rode to M'Kerston, where I 
preached on 1 John 3. 3. Colleagued with James Richard- 
son. Robert Turnbull there, and Andrew Chatto came 
in the evening, having gone to Dryburgh in the morning. 
We staid all night. Mrs. Chatto was there at dinner, but 
set out immediately after it, her eldest boy having been 
taken ill yesterday, from which they fear the small-pox. 
A servant was sent to inform them of this. 

Tuesday, November 2nd. — Robert Turnbull came up 
with me from M'Kerston to dine. Borrowed £5 from 
Wm. Walker. Me lent me it with a very good grace, for 
which am much obliged to him. Robert went away about 
4. Read afterwards a good deal of Sully's Memoirs. 
. Wednesday, November Srd. — At the Presbytery, where 



^ Henry Davidson, minister of Galashiels 1714-56: he was the last 
survivor of the twelve who petitioned the Assembly in 1721 against the 
Act condemning the Marrow of Divinity : though much in sympathy with 
the Glassites, both his people and the Presbytery prevailed on him to 
continue in his charge till his death. 

2 Lord Alemoor, then SoHcitor-General. 



102 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

we had no business. Staid in town all night, and attended 
a library meeting, where we gave commissions for a good 
many books. Agreed also to return the General Dictionary, 
which I did not much oppose as I saw it would be in 
vain, and as it is certain that the other parts of that work 
are greatly inferior to Bayle's. 

Thursday, November Uh. — Came from Kelso before 
dinner. Read Scots Magazine for September, in which 
is the distinctest account of the present Swedish Consti- 
tution I have anywhere met with. Read also a good 
deal of Sully. 

Friday, November 5th. — Read Memoirs of the Due de 
Sully, and finished first volume. Many pages of it are 
very interesting. It gives a very perfect view of the 
character of Henry iv., but an incompleat one of his 
history and actions. Wrote to Philip and James 
Allan in the morning, and revised some of Scots 
Magazine. 

Saturday, November 6th. — Prepared for to-morrow. 
Read out the Scots Magazine, and revised some of Sully. 
Tom Pollock here great part of the day, to whom I ex- 
plained some things. 

Munday, November 8th. — Revised in the forenoon two 
chapters of Job, which I had read last night. Also read 
some things in the Present State of Great Britain, which 
I had got from the library. Afternoon, went to see 
sick at Home, and drank tea at Home Byres. Soon slept 
on second volume of Sully's Memoirs, which I got from 
the library to-day. 

Tuesday, November 9th. — Delved the gtound for tulips, 
etc., and read much of second volume of Sully's Memoirs. 
Young Sked here some part of the day. Nancy went to 
Berwick. Ventured her on my young horse with Charles, 
not being easily able to get another. 

Wednesday, November 10th. — Wm. Stevenson here at 
dinner, and most of the day. Examined him in 
Euclid. 

Friday, November 12th. — Read Sully's second volume to 
an end, and was at Sir Robert's in the evening, where was 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 103 

Mr. Pringle of Lochtown,^ who has been staying there 
for some time. An oldish man, resembling old Frankie 
a good deal in his looks and manner. 

Munday, November 15th. — Rode to Kelso, where Robert 
Turnbull and John Hume of Greenlaw preached. John 
Hume came home with me in the evening, and staid all 
night. He told us that Marchmont and his lady set out 
for London last Friday ; also, which is yet a sort of 
anecdote, that the Lord Register and his lady have parted. ^ 
The two brothers will be a little disconcerted with the 
change of the Ministry, which is now, it is said, certain 
to take place. 

Wednesday, November 17th. — Went to Home a.m. to 
baptize a child. Afterwards read as yesterday in Present 
State of Great Britain, and Sully. Andrew Johnson 
over in the evening with shoes to Will. 

Thursday, November ISth. — Read a good deal of the 
third volume of Sully, which I got from the library in the 
morning. Read also the greatest part of the September 
London Magazine, which I got from Berwick. Looked 
to some things in Buchanan. 

Friday, November 19th. — Read much of Sully, and 
walked a little in the garden and glebe. Also in the town 
p.m., seeing the boy Baptie, who is much the better of 
having been 6 or 7 weeks at Moffat. 

Saturday, November 20th. — Thomas Pollock came up 
in the forenoon to desire me down to dine on a piece of their 
mart. 3 Will and I went down with him, and I came up 



1 Mr. Pringle of Lochtown was probably a son of Sir Walter Pringle 
of Lochtown, advocate, who sat on the Bench as Lord Newhall. Sir 
Walter was the second son of Sir Robert Pringle of Stitchel, first Baronet, 
and married a daughter of Johnston of Hilton. Old Frankie may refer 
to his younger brother Francis, who was a doctor of medicine. 

2 The Lord Clerk Register had married in 1737 Elizabeth Pettie, of 
London. 

^ Families in the country were in the habit of killing and salting an 
ox at Martinmas, when it was still fat from the summer feeding. They 
then ate down one side and up the other during the winter. This dinner 
may have consisted of a fresh piece of the meat before the remainder was 
salted. 



104 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

again in the evening. Prepared something for to-morrow 
at Kelso, and read some of Sully. 

Sunday, November 21st. — At Kelso for Mr. Lundy, who 
went to attend th^ Commission. Lectured on Psalm 92. 
Preached on Colossians 3. 1. Dined in Mr. Dawson's. 
Saw Dr. Gibson in the evening, who has been distrest for 
some time past with some hydropic and asthmatic symp- 
toms, which, however, seem at present to be somewhat 
alleviated. 

Munday, November 22nd. — Read to the end of Sully's 
Memoirs, which, upon the whole, are a very great enter- 
tainment ; yet not without a mixture of less interesting 
details from which scarce any writings of that sort are 
free. Such is the importance of every man to himself. 
Read also a good deal of Present State of Great 
Britain. 

Wednesday, November 2^ih. — Read some of Present 
State of Great Britain. A good deal diverted with 
different people coming in. P.m. at Queen's Cairn seeing 
the Bailie's mother. Read at night some of Buchanan, 
who writes the Latin delightfully. 

Thursday, November 25th. — Read also again in Sully, 
the account of Henry's grand project, the forming of 
which and the wise preparations for its execution give 
him a better title to the name of Great than all the great 
things he ever actually accomplished. Wrought at night 
on Will's discourse. 

Friday, November 26th. — Read chiefly in Present State 
of Great Britain a.m. P.m. shaved and rode to Eccles 
to see Mr. and Mrs. Dysart before they set out for Edin- 
burgh, which they intend on Wednesday next. The 
children have been all there for a fortnight past. Spent 
evening and night very agreeably. Nobody with them 
but Mrs. Gordon. 

Munday, November 29th. — At Home seeing sick and 
baptizing children. Had a message in the morning from 
Robert Turnbull desiring me over to Sprouston. Rode 
over in the evening. His niece is unwell of a scorbutick 
disorder, complicated with a sort of remitting fever. Saw 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 105 

Spence's Polymetis ^ which he has from the library, in 
which there is a great collection of the sculptures. 

Tuesday, November SOth. — Detained at Sprouston all 
day and night. Doctor Shaw called a.m. and dined. 
John Millar there p.m. seeing Aly. 

Wednesday, December 1st. — Came from Sprouston by 
the way of Ednam, Robert Turnbull along with me. 
Mr. Pollock also and his daughter came up to dinner. 
They returned in the evening. Robert staid all night. 
W. Stevenson here at tea. Got a letter when I came home, 
desiring me to the burial of Alison Bell, who died yesterday. 

Thursday, December 2nd. — Set out at 7 in the morning 
for Dunse, the hour mentioned in the burial letter being 9. 
Got there not long after 9 ; road somewhat deep, but not 
so bad as I expected. Burial did not move till past 11, 
and it was near 1 before we got to Bunkle, the place of 
interment. Laurie, who was at the burial, carried me over 
to Longformacus, where we staid all night. Would have 
done better to have gone back to Dunse, as I was desired 
by Haig, but was not fond of the company there, and was 
loth to part with Laurie. Alison made her testament 
about a twelvemonth ago, and appointed Haig her exe- 
cutor, and his children her principal heirs. To the other 
brothers and sisters she has left £5 each. By her death 
I am freed of the tax of 10 shillings a year, which I paid 
as the interest of the £10 I got from her some years ago, 
and for which she refused to take an obligation. For this 
I was much obliged to her, especially as it was at the time 
a very seasonable supply, and I have been in the use ever 
since, and some time I think also before, to send her a 
fow of malt 2 annually. It had not been sent at the 
usual time this year for want of proper opportunity. 
She also, some time after my father's death, gave me up a 



^ Joseph Spence (1699- 1768), Professor of Poetry at Oxford 1746, and 
Regius Professor of Modern History 1742 : published Polymetis, a treatise 
on classical mythology, 1747: chiefly known by his Literary Anecdotes, 
dealing with Pope and his circle. 

2 A fow is a specially south country word, and from the primary 
meaning of a full measure came to signify a firlot or bushel. 



106 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

bill of his for £6, and did not even take interest for this : 
so that I have been more obliged to her in this way than 
I have ever been to anybody else. 

Friday, December Srd, — Came over from Longformacus 
to Langtown with Laurie. Din'd with him, and drank 
tea and supped in B. Cockburn's, where Peggy is looking 
very well. An agreeable girl really. 

Saturday, December Uh, — Laurie came over with me to 
John Hume's, with whom we dined. Home of Fogo's 
eldest son ^ there, who is fixed on John for a pupil in 
Divinity, in consequence of a grimace of a promise which 
John made to his father when dying, the fulfilment of 
which the widow and daughters insist upon, in the view 
of accomplishing a project which is not likely to succeed, 
of getting the son into the father's kirk. John has been 
giving the youth some lessons, and made him give Laurie 
and me a specimen of his proficiency, which showed that 
he is not incapable, tho' a foolish, affected coxcomb. He 
is determined, however, to shake him off, tho' I suspect 
that the disappointment of his own views in succeeding 
to Fogo might make it very disagreeable to him to defeat 
the schemes of others, particularly W. Home of Polwarth, 
who is most likely to be the man. Came home in the 
evening, and read some of Pitscottie's ^ Scots History, 
which had come from the library on Tuesday last, along 
with the Irish Compendium. 

Sunday, December 5th. — Rode to Eccles, and preached 
for Mr. Dysart. He and his wife set out for Edinburgh 
last Wednesday, and got in on the Thursday. Came by 
Mains, and baptized a child. Would have staid to dine 



^ This was Andrew, the eldest son of William Home, who was minister 
of Fogo 1722 to 1756, when he died. He was no relation of his successor 
in the parish, another WiUiam Home of the Bassendean family and who 
was the minister of Polwarth 1735 to 1758, and was predecessor in that 
parish of Sandy Hume, the son of John Hume of Abbey St. Bathans, 
minister of Greenlaw. 

2 This would hkely be Freebairn's edition of the well-known History of 
Scotland, by Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie, pubHshed in 1728, though it 
may perhaps have been a reprint of that edition published by Urie, Glasgow, 
in 1749. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 107 

with Mr. Watson, but had promised to come back to dine 
with Mr. Walker, whom Matthew had procured to preach 
for me here. Got home about 3. Mr. Walker staid all 
night. 

Munday, December 6th, — Mr. Walker staid till 12. Had 
the news, in which there is nothing remarkable. After- 
wards looked to some things in the Irish Compendium, 
and read Pitscottie, who is often diverting with his simple, 
antique manner and stile. 

Thursday, December 9th. — Thomas Pollock, junior, here, 
also three of the elders, counting the box, and giving out 
their share of last year's collections to the Home people. 
Evening and night read more of the reviews. 

Friday, December 10th. — Read the reviews near to an 
end. These works are improved a good deal of late. 
The account of the work on Pope's genius and writings is 
full of most learned and candid criticism. Attended a 
while, and directed the leading of the muck. Went to 
Sir Robert's p.m., and staid till after supper. 

Saturday, December 11th. — Slept on the Irish Com- 
pendium. There is at the end of it a sort of abregi 
of the principles of Heraldry, from which a good deal of 
that art might be learned with a little pains. 

Wednesday, December 15th. — Read Pitscottie to an end, 
the whole of which is a very simple narrative, but in some 
places discovering much more silliness and credulity than 
in others. The stile abounds with old vernacular idioms, 
which are often diverting. Read also the prefaces to 
Melville's Memoirs,^ and looked to some things in Sir John 
Stewart's index to the Scots Acts. 

Thursday, December 16th. — Read some of the Principles 
of Heraldry at the end of the Irish Compendium, from 
which I see, by a little perseverance, some knowledge may 
be obtained of this Art, of which I have been hitherto 
wholly ignorant. Rest of the day read some of Melville, 
also the fifteenth book of Buchannan, and the short account 
of Ireland in the beginning of the Irish Compendium, 

^ Sir James Melville of Hallhill (1535-1617). His Memoirs were first 
published by his grandson, George Scott of Pitlochie, in 1683. 



108 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1756 

Friday, December 17th. — Mr. Dawson here at dinner. 
Got Drummond of Hawthornden's works from Sir Robert's, 
in which I read several things. At night read a good 
deal of the history of King James i. in Buchannan. I find 
a piece of him will be very refreshing to intermix with the 
other Scots Historians, some of which I intend to go 
through. 

Munday, December 20th. — ^James Turnbull staid till 
after dinner. Read afterwards James i.'s life to an end 
in Hawthornden, who generally agrees with Buchannan, 
and often almost copies him. Read also in Pitscottie 
and Hawthornden part of the reign of James 11. 

Tuesday, December 21st. — At Home attending a meeting 
about the poor. Baptized also a child, and saw some 
sick. PhiUp came before dinner by the way of Whitsum. 
He preached at Swinton for Cupples on Sunday. Chatted 
evening and night with him. 

Wednesday, December 22nd. — Prepared, in the garden, 
ground for planting tulips, which the frequent frosts have 
hindered my planting hitherto. Read, evening and night, 
more of the Principles of Heraldry in the Irish Com- 
pendium, and also a good deal of the Reign of James 11. in 
Buchannan. 

Thursday, December 23rd. — A.m. planted my tulips. 
Would also have planted my ranunculuses, but W. Stevenr 
son came to dinner before I had done. He sate till the 
evening. Afterwards read in the Irish Compendium and 
Buchannan. 

Friday, December 2Uh. — Walked to John Watson's at 
Mains to baptize a child to one of his servants. PhiUp 
went along with me, and we dined there. Mr. Lundy 
came in the evening in his way from Lothian, where he 
has been almost a month. He staid all night. Heard 
from him further accounts of the great success of John 
Home's play.^ 

Saturday, December 25th. — Went to the burial of the 



1 Douglas had been brought out at the theatre in Edinburgh on 14th 
December. 



1756] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 109 

Bailie's mother, who had been long ill. A good many 
people there. Mr. Lundy staid, and Mr. Dobbie came 
to dinner. Both went away in the evening. Did some- 
thing for to-morrow. 

Munday, December 27th. — Walked to Hermis ton-he ads 
a.m. to baptize a child to the tenant there. Evening 
read all the Elements of Heraldry at the end of 'the Irish 
Compendium, except the examples ; a few also of them. 
A revisal and a little practise would render me pretty much 
master of these things. 

Tuesday, December 2Sth. — Walked with Philip to Kelso. 
Din'd with Mr. Lundy according to agreement, when we 
saw him here. Drank tea in Mr. Dawson's, and supped 
in Dobbie's, whose wife is an agreeable, sensible woman. 
Robert Turnbull came up to dinner, and staid all night. 

Wednesday, December 29th, — ^Messrs. Turnbull, Lundy, 
Philip, and myself walked to Lintoun, where we arrived 
about 1. Preferred walking to riding on account of the 
frost. Staid at Lintoun all night. Diverted with Lundy's 
simple zeal for all that he thinks right, and against all 
heresy and vice. This has such a root in him, that it 
makes it difficult for him either to know the world, or to 
render himself agreeable to the bulk of it, especially to 
that called the Beau Monde. Notwithstanding of which, 
he is a man of extraordinary probity and virtue. 

Thursday, December 30th. — Went over in a body to 
Morbattle, and dined ; Andrew breakfasted with us at 
Lintoun. Staid at Morbattle all night. Rather perse- 
cuted our brother Mr. Lundy too much, so as to give him 
some uneasiness. I often repent of this, yet it is hard to 
resist the temptation that the uncommon simplicity and 
innocent foibles of the man afford. 

Friday, December Slst. — Prevailed with to stay at Mor- 
battle to dine. Scot of Belford dined with us. After 3 
set out with a design to go to Kelso, but Mr. Lundy wet 
his foot in a hole in the way to Lintoun, which, with its 
being too late, determined us to stay there all night. 



110 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

1757 

Saturday, January 1st.- — Set out from Lintoun after break- 
fast, and got to Kelso before 1. Din'd with Mr. Lundy, 
and came home about 4. Left Philip at Kelso to preach 
for Mr. Lundy to-morrow. Somewhat fatigued. Did 
something for to-morrow. 

Sunday, January 2nd, — Had a letter from Mr. Dysart 
with the Magazine for 1757, which I had desired him to 
procure for me, also the June and October Magazine for 
the 1741, which I wanted to compleat the set for that 
year. He has also secured for me, in Mr. Hamilton's sale, 
a Latin translation of Plutarch's Lives. He writes me, 
what Rogers of Howman, whom we met yesterday cross- 
ing the boat, had told us before, that there has been a 
great stir in the Presbytery of Edinburgh about John 
Home's play, and that orders have been given to write 
to the Presbytery of Haddington and also to the other 
Presbyteries, some of whose members went to the Play 
House to see it acted. These were Carlisle, Wm. Home, 
Mr. Dysart, Francis Scot,^ and Cupples. Also Steel ^ in 
Air Presbytery, and White ^ in Edinburgh Presbytery. 
Matthew also writes that Anderson's * prosecution of Lord 
Kaims does not fall with the prosecutor, who died a fort- 
night ago, but that Alexander Webster,^ etc., appear in 
support of the libel. These affairs are likely to be trouble- 
some. 



* Francis Scott, minister of Westruther 1738-81. Succeeded his father, 
Walter, in the parish. 

2 John Steel, minister of Stair, died ' Father of the Church ' in 1804, 
aged ninety-three. He, like the others who attended the performance of 
Douglas, had to express regret before the Presbytery. 

* John White, minister of Liberton 1752-89, was suspended for three 
weeks for having attended the performance of Douglas. 

* Rev. George Anderson, chaplain in Watson's Hospital, who though 
nearly eighty years of age had vehemently attacked Kames in a pamphlet 
entitled Estimate of the Profit and Loss of Religion . . . 

^ Alexander Webster, minister of Tolbooth Parish, Edinburgh, 1737-84. 
A leader of the evangelical party in the Church, but more famous for his 
convivial and social habits, which made him very popular and beloved. 
Carlyle gives a pungent estimate of him in his Autobiography. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 111 

Munday, January Srd. — Went to Home to baptize and 
see sick. Philip staid at Kelso, dining at Dobby's. Even- 
ing and night read scheme of the last year's Militia Bill 
in the Magazines, and also Fletcher's discourse on Militias, 
where there is a much nobler scheme, tho' less practicable. 

Tuesday, January 4>th. — Walked to the Presbytery, 
where we had some trifling business about a fornicator. 
Mr. Chatto and his wife, Messrs. Robert and James 
Turnbull, and Mr. Lundy came up with Philip and me, 
and staid all night. Abundantly cheerful. 

Wednesday, January 5th. — Company staid to dine. 
Only Mr. Lundy was obliged to go to a poor's meeting. 
Mr. Walker came up from M'Kerston, with whom Mr. 
Chatto and his wife rode down in the afternoon. Robert 
and James Turnbull staid all night. 

Thursday, January 6th. — We went down to M'Kerston 
to dine, whither Mr. Lundy came in the evening, and T. 
Hall from Berwick, which filled Mr. Walker's house. 

Friday, January 7th. — Came up with Philip from 
Mr. Walker's before dinner. Saw before I came away a 
great curiosity : stones taken out of John Hall. T. Hall 
had in a box the stones which were taken out of the 
bladder of his father, who died about 3 months ago. They 
were in number 28, nearly of the same size and shape. 
They were tetraedra, the angles rounded, and sides for 
most part a little hollowed ; of a light brown colour, and 
not weighty for their size, and of a pretty firm consistency. 
Parts of some of the strata had been broken off from 
several of them, and a good many of such scaly pieces 
were found in the bladder amongst them, and kept in a 
piece of paper by themselves. What was the immediate 
cause of the patient's death was a piece of this kind, 
which for a long time stopt the urethra, and was of a darker 
colour and much harder than any of the large stones. 
The weight of all the stones and pieces was about 8 ounces. 
I have scarce seen anything that could give the idea of 
greater misery than what the unhappy patient must have 
endured. In the evening Philip and I went up to Sir 
Robert's, and staid till after supper. 



112 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

Saturday, January Sth. — Walked to Wm. Stevenson's 
with Philip, and dined. Saw there a burlesque epilogue 
to John Home's tragedy. Both it and the prologue seem 
to be from one hand, which is now said to be Hugh 
Dalrymple,^ the advocate. They are not void of satirical 
wit, though their principal character is malignity. Had 
a line from Matthew Dysart, along with a Latin Transla- 
tion of Plutarch's Lives, which he has bought for me, in 
which he tells me that the Presbytery of Haddington 
have shown great contempt of the letter from the Presby- 
tery of Edinburgh informing against John Home, and 
have delayed the consideration of it till March. 

Munday, January 10th. — Walked to Home to see sick, 
and to marry M. Brown to James Landreth's son.^ Even- 
ing read part of the younger Cato's life in Plutarch, and 
compared it with the Latin translation, which I found in 
many places very helpful, though often both licentious 
and erroneous. It is the work of various hands, mostly 
Italians, and the chief hand is Lapus, a Florentine, who 
translates this Life of Cato. I suppose Rylander's trans- 
lation is better. : 

Wednesday, January 12th. — Examined again in the kirk. 
Mr. Dawson here a while in the forenoon. Got Ruddi- 
man's edition of Buchannan ^ belonging to Mr. Lundy 
from Mr. Dobby, also his Answer to Man,^ in both which 
I read miscellaneously. At night wrought on Will's 
exercise and addition. 

Thursday, January ISth. — Thomas Pollock here to bid 
us farewell. He sets out for London 2 or 3 days hence. 
Read Buchannan, and Drummond on the life of James i. 

Friday, January lUh. — Read [the] Scots Compendium, 



1 Hugh Dairy mple was the son of Robert Dairy mple of Waterside and 
Dreghorn. 

2 This was not a son of James Landreth, the minister of Simprin, who 
is said in the Fasti Eccl. Scot, to have died unmarried. 

^ Thomas Ruddiman, the grammarian, published an edition of 
Buchanan's works in two volumes, 1715. In his Jacobitical preface and 
notes he adversely criticised Buchanan's character and political views. 

* James Man, an Aberdonian philologist, who exposed errors in Ruddi- 
man's edition of Buchanan. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 113 

Buchannan, and Sage's Preface to Drummond, in which I 
think it is established beyond a possibiHty almost of 
doubting that Buchannan's account of Robert ii.'s 
marriages is wrong, and that Elisabeth Mure was his first 
wife and was dead before he came to the throne. Wrought 
at night on Will's discourse. 

Munday, January 17th. — Read [the] Scots Compendium, 
Drummond, and Buchannan, who is certainly scarce 
inferior to the very best classicks. I read him with vast 
pleasure. Had a letter from Philip, where he tells me 
that a ship from Nevis in which Samuel Stanton had some 
goods remitted for a debt long due to him at Nevis and 
into which he was led by Bridgewater, has been lost on 
the South of England. (This was a misinformation.^) 
Philip probably had at least letters for him in the same 
ship. There seems to be no end of his misfortunes and 
disappointments from that quarter. 

Thursday, January 20th. — Examined at Home Byres, 
and rode over from that to Greenlaw according to appoint- 
ment with Mr. Dysart last Saturday. Very cold, and 
several bad steps in the riding ; yet most places still 
bear. Found Matthew at Greenlaw, whose errand was 
to talk with John Hume about the letter from the Presby- 
tery of Edinburgh informing against him and Willy Home 
for going to see Douglas. Found John as moderate as 
could be wished. 

Friday, January 21st. — Staid with John Hume till after 
dinner. He and Mr. Dysart were seeing in the forenoon 
H. Brunfield, who was seized and brought to prison on 
Saturday, after long hunting him in vain. It 's perfectly 
in his power to satisfy his creditors and be at liberty when 
he pleases. But he is an incorrigibly obstinate fool, not 
without a great dash of the rogue. Found it extremely 
bad riding, but my horse being pretty well shod kept up 
better than I could have expected. Found a letter from 
Philip, enclosing one to him and another to me from 
Ephraim, who seems to have resumed his work on Pytha- 
goras' s Life and Philosophy. 

1 Marginal note. 



114 DIARY OP GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

Saturday, January 22nd. — Minna Dawson here till the 
evening. John Miller dined with us, having been at 
Home Byres with a lying-in woman. Andrew Johnson 
here most of the evening. Did something for to-morrow, 
and wrote to Philip at night. 

Munday, January 2Uh. — Walked to Fallside Hill to 
examine, and baptized a child at Home Byres and another 
at Home. Evening looked to some things relating to 
Pythagoras in Stanley, which I had got from Kelso in the 
morning, with a view of writing to Ephraim Neilson. 
Slept on Buchannan, end of James ii.'s life. 

Tuesday, January 25th. — A.m. chiefly employed in 
mending some things about my clothes. Rest of the day 
read Drummond and Buchannan. 

Wednesday, January 2Qth. — Examined at Oxmuir. 
Read in the evening part of the life of Pythagoras in 
Stanley, and wrought at night on Will's exercise and 
addition. 

Thursday, January 27th. — Walked to Todrig and ex- 
amined. Much ice on the ground, and a very thin covering 
of snow. Evening read the London (December) Magazine 
which came from Philip. Had also a letter from him, in 
which he writes me, he heard from Allan last week at 
Edinburgh, who wrote him that Lord Home's papers 
relating to Hutton have at last been seen by our lawyers, 
and that the issue of the affair is doubtful, tho' there 
are good hopes. Andrew Pringle, on whose judgment we 
could most depend, is, it seems, unwell. 

Friday, January 28th. — Look'd into and read some of 
the beginning of Cicero de Oratore, of which John Hume 
of Greenlaw sent me Pearce's edition a.m.^ P.m. shaved 
and went to Sir Robert's, where Miss Pringle has been 
distrest a good deal with cholick pains and a looseness 
for some time past. Got my stipend. Came home 
before 9, and wrought at night on Will's discourse. 

Munday, January Slst. — Read a pamphlet which I got 
from the library by Wm, Stevenson entitled Remarks on 



^ Zachary Pearce (1690-1774), Bishop of Rochester 1756. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 115 

the French Memorials about the Limits of Acadia, The 
pamphlet is heavily wrote, but exposes sufficiently the 
chicanery and effrontery of the French with regard to this 
affair. Paid John Smeaton for carriers etc. Andrew 
Johnson a while here in the evening. 

Tuesday, February 1st. — Paid James Hay in the fore- 
noon. Afterwards, having shaved, went to Ednam, where 
I found Andrew Chatto and James Turnbull. Mr. Pollock 
had trysted us to speak about the repairs of his kirk, but 
had settled, at least thinks he has, the affair with his 
heritors beforehand. Andrew and James Turnbull came 
up with me and staid all night. 

Wednesday, February 2nd. — Weather the same, ex- 
tremely cold. Trees and shrubs, etc., hanging with much 
rime, which fell both last night and this in uncommon 
quantities. My guests after breakfast walked down with 
me to the Presbytery leaving their horses here. At the 
Presbytery, chiefly employed in a wrangle betwixt Mr. 
Lundy and his heritors about the funds in the Session's 
hands, which they would have dispersed, and Mr. Lundy 
inclines to keep entire. Advised him to give them £10 
to answer the present loud demands of the poor, but to 
endeavour, if he can, to replace it. Had a library meeting 
at night, where we sate till 12. Commissioned several 
books, amongst the rest, Postlethwayt's Dictionary of 
Commerce.^ 

Thursday, February Srd. — Breakfasted in Dobbie's, 
and din'd in Mr. Lundy's. Came home in the evening. 
Dozed and read a little miscellaneously. To-day and 
yesterday, had letters from Philip enclosing others from 
James Allan and G. Wallace, all relating to the affair of 
Hutton, which has at last been called, and is at best in a 
doubtful way ; as our lawyers have nothing it seems to 
object to Lord Home's claim to the patronage of Hutton, 
so that all depends now on making out the King's right 
to Fishwick and that this is his vice. 



^ Malachy Postlethwaite (1707-67) published in 1751 his Dictionary 
of Trade and Commerce. It was a translation, with additions, from the 
trench of J. Savary des Brulons. 



116 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

Friday, February Uh. — Wrote a long letter to Philip, 
chiefly about the Hutton affair. Afterwards read some 
of Stanley. Also drew the form of a discharge for James 
Hay, etc. • Should have gone to Eccles, but it was. very 
cold and disagreeable, and I had something of a cold on 
me from the Kelso expedition. 

Munday, February 7th. — Examined at Home. Having 
had an invitation from Sir Robert to dine, went up there 
p.m.j where found Dr. Wilson, Coventree, and Hunter 
(son of the famous Hunter), who is sometimes preaching 
at Home. Sate there till 8. Reverence of a common 
superior, and what they call good breeding, are most useful 
things in Society. We made very good company. Read 
after I came home most part of Dr. F. Home's new work 
on agriculture and vegetation,^ which Mr. Dysart, had 
sent me. 

Tuesday, February Sth. — Dismal weather. No plowing 
for these 6 weeks past. Examined again in W. end of 
Home, and dined with W. Stevenson. Came home in 
the evening, and read out Dr. Home's work, and most 
part of it over again. There are many good things in it, 
but the stile is often faulty. 

Wednesday, February 9th. — Read Dr. Home's work a 
second time to an end. There are many useful hints and 
a few curious enough experiments in it. But his work on 
bleaching is in every respect a much better one. Did 
something for to-morrow. Took a walk about mid-day 
into my glebe where I have not been before these 6 weeks. 
There is much water on the lower parts of it which I must 
be at some pains to carry off. 

Friday, February 11th. — Wrote to Philip to enclose, 
Ephraim's, and gave him a commission to desire Mr. Waite 
to make Mr. Rutter to procure for W. Stevenson and my- 
self each of us three tickets in the guinea lottery. Had 
never opportunity of trying my fortune, as they call it, at 



1 Francis Home (1719-1813), son of James Home of Eccles, published 
his Principles of Agriculture and Vegetation, 1757 : it went through three 
editions and was translated into French and German. The previous 
year he had issued his Experiments on Bleaching (see p. 56). 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 117 

so small a risque, and if by the Providence that orders all 
things I should succeed so far as to be enabled to dis- 
charge any considerable part or the whole of my debts, 
it would be a great blessing. And if I should get anything 
more, I hope that I shall be always ready to share it with 
my friends, or to employ it to some good purposes. And 
tho' I should get nothing, it is contributing my mite to 
serve my country in its present straits, and will not add 
much to my poverty. Wrought about mid-day a while 
in the garden, where the thaw has not penetrated above 
an inch or two into the ground, below which it is still 
as hard as iron. Rest of the day read Logan's tedious 
first work on Government.^ Got a collection of these 
treatises and Ruddiman's answer from Mr. Dysart, being 
willing to see what could be said against Robert ii.'s 
legitimacy, after the strong evidences adduced to support 
it by Sage in his preface to Drummond of Hawthornden. 
Most ■ of what Logan advances on the subject is peevish 
nibbling, tho' he shows plainly enough that the Hereditary 
Right men have used Buchannan ill in attacking him 
chiefly on the account of a mistake into which all the pre^ 
ceding historians conspired to lead him. 

Saturday, February 12th. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
read two-thirds of Logan's second Treatise, in which he 
chiefly attacks the Charters published by Hay of Drum- 
boot for proof of Robert ii.'s legitimacy. Still, he says 
strong things in vindication of Buchannan, but the 
Charters plague him sore. Mr. Dawson here at dinner. 
He brought me his account, running for about 5 years, 
which I must see to have paid. 

Munday, February IMh. — ^Read all day Ruddiman's 



^ George Logan (1678-1755), minister successively of Lauder, Sprouston, 
Dunbar, and Trinity, Edinburgh : he was a voluminous author and con- 
troversialist : published his first Treatise on Government in 1746, and his 
second the following year. They were really attacks on Thomas Ruddi- 
man for his Jacobitical opinions expressed in his edition of Buchanan, and 
were intended to prove that the right to the crown of Scotland was not 
hereditary in the Jacobite sense. Ruddiman issued an answer to which 
Logan replied in 1749, and supplemented it by five other letters which, 
however, Ruddiman did not notice. 



118 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

answer to Logan, with which I was upon the whole very 
well entertained. Ruddiman writes with a good deal of 
spirit, and there is always something to be learned from 
him. His adversary, too, gives him all manner of advan- 
tage. Read to within 50 or 60 pages of the end of this 
work consisting of 400. 

Tuesday, February 15th. — Walked to Home and exa- 
mined, my horse having gone to Berwick for Nancy 
yesterday. She came home in the evening ; all well there. 
Read out Ruddiman' s work at night ; read also the news. 
In the Edinburgh paper there is a long remonstrance from 
the Bishop of Glasgow against John Home's tragedy, and 
the Clergy who were seeing it acted, from which it appears 
that these people continue the same fools they have been 
for a long, long period. 

Wednesday, February 16th. — Examined at Home, and 
dined at W. Stevenson's with R. Turnbull. He came 
home with me in the evening, and staid all night. He 
tells me that D. Hume has inscribed his new Treatise to 
John Home of Athelstaneford, which is a very strange 
phenomenon, and, if there be any sense in it, it is so much 
in the sublime as to be much above the reach of ordinary 
capacities. 

Thursday, February 17th. — Robert Turnbull staid till 
after dinner. We rode down together to Kelso to the 
burial of Mrs. Purves, who has been long in a poor shat- 
tered way. Drank tea at Mr. Dawson's, and came home 
in the evening. Rode part of the way with Sir Robert, 
and talked to him of a project of buying a parcel of meal 
for retailing at a lower rate to the Home people. He was 
very well pleased with it, and disposed to join in it. Read 
some part of Camden's account of Ireland in his Britannia, 
2nd vol., which I got from the library last Friday. Read 
also the papers, in which there is nothing new. 

Friday, February ISth. — Planted anemones in the 
garden. Read Love's ^ pamphlet in defence of Buchannan 

y ^ John Love (1695-1750), grammarian and controversialist : rector of 
Dalkeith grammar school 1739 : published in 1737 an edition of Buchanan's 
version of the Psalms. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 119 

wherein he seems to establish his points, though he is a 
poor writer. Got from Kelso Hoadley and Wilson's 
pamphlet on electricity, and read it almost to an end. 
It is an ingenious work, and goes far to ascertain the 
existence as well as some of the principal properties and 
effects of Sir Isaac Newton's aether. 

Saturday, February 19th. — Dobbie here dining and sate 
till after tea. Had a letter from John Watson of Mains 
in the morning desiring me to the burial of one of his 
boys. Set out half an hour past 1, and reached it at 4. 
Andrew Chatto came and staid all night. Brought some 
new pieces of wit relating to the tragedy of Douglas, 
which I had not seen before. Did something for to- 
morrow, and wrought a little in the garden preparing a 
bed for ranunculuses. Had a letter from Philip at night, 
in which he tells me that James Allan has somewhere got 
a sight of the decreet for the stipend of Hutton, but that 
little is to be learned from it. 

Munday, February 21st. — Examined at Home. Din'd in 
Alexander Wilson's, and baptized a child to him. After- 
wards baptized a child at Fallside Hill and rode W. to 
Hardy's Mill Place to see the old man Fairbairn who is 
probably dying. Came home after 6, and read about 
40 pages of the beginning of Abercromby,^ who forgets 
the gravity of an historian, while he is almost every page 
either wrangling against the English historians or in 
defence of his idol of Hereditary Right. Otherwise he 
seems to be a laborious and exact compiler. 

Tuesday, February 22nd. — Set out after 10 on an expedi- 
tion to Twisel concerted some time ago with Philip. 
Found him according to appointment at Learmouth, 
where I called in passing. Got to Twisel to dine, and 
staid all night. Isaac Wood there, and Lamb of Norham. 
Had a great variety of entertaining conversation. Lamb 
sate till late, and Isaac a good while after the darkening. 

Wednesday, February 23rrf.-r-Staid at Twisel again all 



^ Probably Martial Achievements of the Scots Nation, by Patrick 
Abercromby, M.D. (1656-1720). 



120 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

day and night, being a good deal prest by the Esquire,^ 
who is indeed a very knowing and a very entertaining 
man. He seems to be particularly a good mathematician 
and natural philosopher ; has lived much at London and 
had familiar access to the most distinguished men in 
those branches of Science, of whom he entertained us with 
several amusing anecdotes. He seems also to be a pretty 
good classical store, and indeed talks with much judgment 
on most subjects either of life or learning. 

Thursday, February 2Uh. — Having appointed to examine 
to-day at Home, set out betwixt 7 and 8 in the morning, 
without seeing my landlord. Found the riv^er much 
swelled and was obliged to bribe the Cornhill boat people 
with a good deal of drink to carry me over, which they 
accomplished not altogether without danger, a great wave 
breaking once into the side of the boat. Rode up straight 
to Home, where I examined. Drank tea with John Mack 
as I had often intended. Came home between 6 and 7* 
Read the newspapers and some of Abercromby, but 
mostly dozed. 

Friday, February 25th. — Amused variously. Set the 
clock a-going, which dust and smoke, I suppose, had 
stopt. Mr. Stevenson here at tea. He paid me for my 
barley, also gave me three guineas for Lottery tickets for 
which I have given a commission to Mr. Waite. Cleared 
with Sked in the forenoon ; and evening read some of 
Abercromby. 

Saturday, February 26th, — Some rain in the morning, 
froze at night. At Home seeing a girl ill of the small-pox, 
and with all the worst signs. P.m. went to Sir Robert's 
and drank tea and talked with him about some affairs of 
the poor of Home. Miss Pringle a good deal better within 
these few days. 

Munday, February 28th. — Called at Sir Robert's be- 
twixt 10 and 11 as I had appointed last Saturday. He 
went with me to Home, where we settled some difficulties 



^ Sir Francis Blake of Twizel Castle, an eminent mathematician : born 
1709 : supported the Government in Durham during the rising of 1745 : 
F.R.S. 1746 : created a baronet 1774 : died 1780. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 121 

about Captain Home's Mortification, and began a sub- 
scription for raising a fund for buying meal for the poor of 
Home. Came back by Sir Robert's and dined. Miss 
continues better, but they don't seem to understand the 
necessity of a strict attention to her dyet, by which means 
she seems to be in great danger. Evening and night read 
some of Camden on Scotland, also some of the January 
Magazine and Appendix, which came from Berwick to-day ; 
and wrought a while on the Epitaph on Purdey which I 
got from Blake in order to correct, but did not content 
myself about it. , 

Tuesday, March 1st. — Attended a meeting of the Presby- 
tery at.Ednam appointed for the visitation of Mr. Pollock's 
kirk, which has been lying in ruins almost these .three 
years. Laid on, in consequence of estimates of the proper 
workmen given in upon oath, about £147. Andrew Potts 
appeared for Sir Alexander Don, insisting on the removal 
of the Kirk according to an agreement of the heritors of 
the parish amongst themselves. But, as the tendency of 
this opposition seem'd only to delay the thing longer 
which has been too long delayed already, we did not 
regard it. Mr. Lundy, who left Edinburgh last week, 
tells me that G. Wallace seems to think that the King will 
be found patron of Fishwick, and that they will have 
sufficient proof of their being distinct parishes, but thinks 
the affair cannot be finished this session. Wrote letters 
at night to go by Will, who rides in to-morrow with the 
horses for Mrs. Stevenson, to G. Wallace, Davidson, and 
Gilbert Laurie to try to forward this affair in order to have 
it ended if possible this Session, but I suppose in vain. 

Wednesday, March 2nd, — Wrought in the garden clean- 
ing the ground about the auriculas and crocuses. Read 
the Appendix and January Magazine almost to an end, 
and at night read half through again the pamphlet on 
Electricity. 

Thursday, March Srd. — Read the pamphlet on Elec- 
tricity again to an end. Besides an ingenious explication 
of the phenomena in former experiments, there are several 
new and very curious ones, and all of them are well con- 



122 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

trived, well illustrated, and the reasonings from them at 
the same time very ingenious and very convincing. 
Wrought a good deal in the garden, sowing first pease and 
beans for which the ground is in pretty good condition. 
Read what I had not read before of the Magazines, and 
some parts of them over again. Slept soon on 
Horace. 

Friday, March Uh. — Had a letter in the morning by 
the return of Mr. Stevenson's servant from John Davidson, 
wherein he informs me that the Hutton cause is delayed 
till June. He complains of a delay in James Allan about 
examining and returning the Diligence for recovery of 
papers. Wrote to Philip, and enclosed one to Mr. Blake 
of Twisel with Purdey's epitaph. W. Stevenson here p.m. 
Evening read some of Ruddiman's answer to Mann, and 
slept on Horace. 

Saturday, March 5th. — Employed all day in reading 
Ruddiman's answer to Mann, and consulted the original 
of Buchannan with Ruddiman's notes where it seemed 
most necessary. Ruddiman proves this antagonist of his 
almost everywhere equally malevolent and absurd. Both 
of which he indeed is to a most provoking pitch so that 
he has very good cause to complain of the reviewers for 
showing any degree of mercy to such a wretch. This 
pamphlet against them, which was only published last 
summer, and is the last of his works, is bound up along 
with the answer to Mann. At night did something for 
to-morrow. . . 

Tuesday, March Sth. — An abstract in the Review, from 
Norden's Travels to Egypt and Nubia,^ led me to read 
part of Greaves' Pyramidographia,^ which is a learned and 
accurate work, tho' Norden points out some mistakes in 
it. Read also some things about Poland and Prussia in 



1 Frederick Lewis Norden (1708-92), Danish traveller and artist : pub- 
lished accounts of Egypt and Nubia. 

2 John Greaves (1602-1652), mathematician and traveller : Gresham 
Professor of Geometry, London, 1630 : measured the pyramids of Egypt 
and made collections of coins, gems and Oriental MSS., 1637-40 : Savilian 
Professor of Astronomy, Oxford, 1643. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 123 

the Atlas, At night read part of Buchannan's History of 
David Bruce s Reign, 

Thursday, March lOth. — Read a.m. betwixt 40 and 50 
pages of the beginning of Cicero de Oratore, Pearce's 
edition, whose notes are very judicious, and emendations 
well founded. P.m. and evening read the January Review, 
where there is a pretty long account of Bower's defence, 
and the history of his escape published by himself ; also 
of a pamphlet levelled particularly at his History of the 
Popes,^ in which this is compared with Tillemont's History 
of the Emperors, from whom he appears to have copied 
the greatest part, also of an answer to this by Mr. Bower. 
From the whole. Bower's character appears still to be 
very suspicious, tho' he seems to have said more in his 
defence than I believe most people expected. Read at 
night Abercromby's account of the Battle of Flodden, 
and end of James iv.'s reign. 

Friday, March llth. — Read over again in the Review the 
account of Bower's defence, etc. He seems, even by his 
own confession, to be convicted of putting a great cheat 
on the publick by his History of the Popes. He also 
acknowledges a love-affair that is little to his honour. 
Read some more of Cicero de Oratore, and slept on 
Abercromby. 

Munday, March lUh. — Wind N.W., high and cold, sun 
and clouds. A.m. at Hardy's Mill Place and Home, seeing 
sick. Afternoon went to Sir Robert's, and drank tea. 
Frank there and sweet little Madi, who had come from 
Edinburgh last night. Miss has been so very ill that Sir 
Robert thought fit to send for her sister. Had a good 
deal of talk about Douglas. Wrote to Will and also to 
Philip. Slept on Buchannan. 

Wednesday, March IQth. — Read more of Tully de Oratore. 
Aly Pollock and the girl Cairns who is staying with her 



^ Archibald Bower (1686- 1766), originally a Jesuit, but conformed to 
Church of England 1726 : contributed History of Rome to Universal 
History 1735-44 : readmitted Jesuit 1745, but again left the Society the 
next year : published History of the Popes, seven vols., 1748-56. He seems 
to have died a member of the Roman Church. 



124 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

some days, came up about 4 p.m. and staid all night. 
Charles came from Berwick p.m. whither he had gone 
yesterday with a cargo of oat-meal. Got a letter from 
Philip, in which he informs me that James Allan is at 
Edinburgh this week, by whom we may expect to hear 
something more about the Hutton affair. 

Saturday, March 19th. — Did sorne thing for to-morrow, 
and read a little of Tully de Oratore, and of Abercromby. 
Robert Turnbull came here a.m. in his way from Edin- 
burgh where he has been attempting the relief of a man 
in his parishes impressed by the Justices, I believe un- 
justly. Robert has entered too violently into that matter 
and, I believe, to no purpose. He tells me that Garrick 
is to act John Home's Douglas.^ W. Stevenson here p.m., 
also Sir Robert Pringle and Torwoodlee a call in the 
evening. 

Munday, March 21st. — Rode over to Linton in conse* 
quence of a letter from Mr. Turnbull, desiring a meeting 
to consider what we should do in regard to the window 
tax for which we are threatened to have a decreet issued 
against us on Tuesday next. All there but Messrs. Pollock 
and Walker. Resolved to send Up our money that it 
might be paid if absolutely necessary, but at the same 
time got Joseph Leek to write to his brother-in-law, the 
Collector, desiring a delay of Diligence till we should have 
leisure to inquire what ministers have done in other places. 
We gave Mr. Hog our money, who is to be at Jedburgh 
to-morrow. Robert Turnbull, Mr. Lundy, and I staid at 
Lintoun all night. 

Tuesday, March 22nd. — Breakfasted and dined at Mor- 
battle. Set out with Robert Turnbull and Mr. Lundy 
about 4. Robert rode home. I came to Kelso and drank 
tea in passing with Mr. Lundy ; also talked to M'llwraith 
about some debts he has a commission to call in for Mr. 
Edmiston. Came home about 8. Got the news, where 
there is a very favourable account of John Home's play. 



^ Garrick had previously refused the play, and it was produced in 
London by Rich at Covent Garden. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 125 

I slept on Rollins' Quintilian, which I borrowed from Mr. 
Lundy. 

Thursday, March 2^th. — Read Tally de Oratore, of which 
I finished the second book. Was spreading dung on the 
grass in the glebe, when Robert Turnbull came. Went up 
with him to Sir Robert whither he went to sollicit for his 
Sprowston prisoners. Walter Pringle ^ there. Miss no 
worse, but still in a poor way. Got the papers, in which 
there is an account of much damage, chiefly in the W. of 
England, by a tempestuous wind on the 15th. Our Fleet 
in the Atlantick I am afraid will have a sore time of it. 
Robert Turnbull staid all night. 

Saturday, March 26th. — Set out at the same time with 
Matthew [Dysart] on my expedition to Bunkel,^ where I 
had engaged to preach to-morrow, when I was there at 
Alison Bell's burial. Dined at Greenlaw, and got a note 
of the Fiars. Thence went over to Polwarth, where I 
staid all night. Cupples there. They had just got a 
printed copy of the new tragedy of Douglas sent from 
London, whence also they hear that John had made £250 
of his first Benefit night and got 20 guineas sent him by 
the Duke of Cumberland. Willy [Home] read Douglas, 
but so badly that I could form no right judgment of it. 

Sunday, March 27th. — Set out from Polwarth betwixt 
7 and 8, and got to Bunkel betwixt 9 and 10. A decent 
enough country audience. Sally Hart ^ a very well- 
looking girl. Came to Langtown, and staid all night. 

Munday, March 2Sth. — Set out from Langtown a.m. 
and came home to dinner. Read at Langtown Ferguson's * 



1 Walter Pringle, advocate, Sheriff of Roxburghshire, brother of Sir 
Robert, succeeded to the estate of Torsonce on the death of his brother 
Gilbert, and died unmarried. 

^ Bunlde is now included in the united parishes of Bunkle and Preston. 
It is about fifteen miles from Stitchel. 

^ Sally Hart was a daughter of Walter Hart, minister of Bunkle 1706-61, 
by his second wife Sarah, daughter of John Ker, surgeon. She is prob- 
ably the Sarah Hart who married Ridpath's brother Will, the minister 
of Edrom, in 1766. 

* Adam Ferguson (172^-1816). At this time Librarian to the Faculty 
of Advocates : Professor of Natural Philosophy, Edinburgh, 1759 : of 



126 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

serious work in defence of Douglas and the stage, which 
is well enough intended and has some reasoning and 
instruction in it, but the stile and manner of it is very 
poor and dull, so that I am positive the author cannot be 
a man of genius. Came home about 3. Afterwards dozed, 
and read some pieces of Quintilian, Slept on Buchannan. 

Tuesday, March 29th. — Read Cicero de Oratore, and 
slept on Buchannan. Read also Newcastle, Edinburgh, 
and last London papers. From the last-named I see that 
Douglas was acted, I suppose for the fifth time, on Satur- 
day the 19th, by the command of the Prince of Wales. 
But on the Monday after, there was an interruption, 
King Lear being acted that night for the benefit of Barry. 

Wednesday, March SOth. — Indifferent seed-time. Sowed 
second crop of beans and pease. John Miller came before 
dinner, and staid till after tea. Read some of Cicero de 
Oratore, in the evening, and slept soon on Buchannan. 

Thursday, March Slst — Read Cicero de Oratore, and a 
good deal of Abercromby at night. Wrought a little in 
the garden, and was at Home Byres p.m. talking to W. 
Stevenson about the project of buying meal for the poor 
of Home, for which Hunter is still willing to advance £20, 
on Lord Home's account, as he informed by a letter in the 
beginning of this week. 

Friday, Aprile 1st. — Read a.m. Tully de Oratore. Sandy 
Herriot came and dined. In the evening got Douglas 
from Edinburgh, which I read and was a good deal inter- 
ested by it, but must read it once more before I judge. 
Read also great part of the February Review, which I got 
from Kelso. In the foreign articles which they have 
taken in to this Review for the first time, there is an 
account of a good work published at Paris on the Revo- 
lution of Arts, by Mehigan, also a very singular cure of a 
cancer by an infusion of the Solanum Lethale. 



Moral Philosophy 1764, and of Mathematics 1785 : a friend of Alexander 
Carlyle, who mentions his pamphlet on Douglas, produced about the same 
time as one by himself on the subject. It was entitled The Morality 0/ 
Stage Plays, which the author defended as indirectly sanctioned in Scrip- 
ture, and directly by the fathers of the Church. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 127 

Saturday, Aprile 2nd. — Read Douglas again, and am on 
the whole very well pleased with it. Objection, I see, 
may be made to some parts, both of the plan and exe- 
cution, but in general it is a fine tragic tale ; the principal 
characters well marked and well supported ; the ex- 
pression strong, and often beautiful, and I think more 
natural and more free from fustian than almost any of 
our modern tragedies. I am pretty confident it is a work 
that will last, and as, with all its other qualities, it is 
strictly pure and innocent in point of its morals, those 
sons of dulness, faction, or malignity, who have shown 
so much bitterness against it, must appear to a succeeding 
age in a very wretched light.' Read also the Review to 
an end. Wrought some in the garden, and did something 
for to-morrow. 

Sunday, Aprile Srd. — Called up about 5 to see a woman 
who was like to die with the continuance of a vomiting, 
which had followed upon taking an emetic yesterday 
afternoon. After the vomiting ceased, some violent 
hysterics succeeded. John Miller was sent for and quieted 
these troublesome symptoms by some proper remedies. 

Munday, Aprile Uh. — Saw in the forenoon the woman 
who was so ill yesterday. She is tolerably easy again, 
but remembers not anything that passed yesterday, nor 
even of the taking of her vomit, soon after which the 
people about her say she seemed to become insensible, 
which circumstances, and with the extreme violence of its 
operation and the fits that succeeded, make it look like 
something poisonous. 

Tuesday, Aprile 5th. — Went to the Presbytery, which 
met also yesterday, about the window tax business, 
according to an appointment at Lintoun, which I had 
quite forgot. Some of the Brethren had in the interval 
been making enquiry and had found that ministers in 
several other counties had not yet paid nor were resolved 
to pay till their appeals were discust, and that no dilli- 
gences had been issued against any of them, upon which 
we resolved also to delay paying. To-day, had before us 
the affair of Ednam Kirk. Since our meeting at Ednam, 



128 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

we have all got summoned at the instance of Ednam and 
Sir Alex. Don on a process for transportation of the kirk 
by the authority of the Commissioners of the Teinds. 
But as we looked upon this as only intended for a delay, 
we gave our decreet against the heritors for re-building it 
where it formerly stood, and appointed John Waldie our 
factor for that effect. Settled accounts with Walker, and 
keep the money I owe him for part of the last of Mr. 
Semple's bill. Drank tea in Doctor Thompson's* Nancy 
and the girls walked down with me in the forenoon. 
Nancy staid, and I came up in the evening. Wrote to 
Will by T. Wood, who is to take in the horse for him to- 
morrow, having occasion to .go to Edinburgh. 

Wednesday, Aprile 6th. — Look'd over a.m. Walker's 
account, and wrought a little in the garden. P.m. read 
about 100 pages of Abercromby. His account of the 
Acts of Parliament, which is pretty distinct, is a very use- 
ful supplement to Buchannan and the other historians. 
But his frequent excursions in defence of the absolute 
power of Kings and against the claims of Parliaments are 
very disgusting. Slept on Buchannan. 

Thursday, Aprile 7th. — Shaved, and went with Mr. Pol- 
lock, who called in passingy to Sir Robert's, and din'd. 
Mr. Pringle of Rowland ^ there, with whom I had a little 
brush about Douglas. P.m. went to Home to a meeting 
about the project of buying meal for the poor. Chose a 
man to collect the money and to give out the meal, but 
resolved to make no purchase till we have the money 
actually in our hands. Will came home in the evening. 
Chatted with him about Edinburgh news. Slept on 
Buchannan. 

Friday, Aprile Sth. — Read Tully de Oratore, to the end, 
of which this edition of Pearce's is a most excellent one. 
His notes indeed are scarce numerous enough to amount 
to a just Commentary, but they are almost without excep- 
tion judicious, and most remarkable for an elegant concise- 

1 James Pringle of Bowland, one of the principal Clerks of Session : 
born 1709 : brother of George Pringle of Torwoodlee and Lady Pringle of 
Stitchel. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 129 

ness that is to be met with in but very few interpreters. 
If ever I can afford to buy books, I must have this edition 
of his of the Treatise de Orator e, and also of the Offices. 
Rest of the day wrought in the garden, and read a Uttle 
of Abercromby. Slept on Buchannan. 

Saturday, Aprile 9th. — Philip cast up in the evening 
unexpected. He came by the way of Whitsum and 
Swintoun, and will be here all next week. Was agreeably 
surprised to see him so well, after a very anxious letter 
which I got from him 2 or 3 days ago about the Bridge- 
waters. 

Munday, Aprile 11th. — Read to the end of James iii.'s 
Life in Abercromby. This part of the Scots History he 
sets in a very new light, and seemingly on good authorities, 
though he is certainly far too indulgent to the Monarch. 
G. Bell here at dinner, to talk, I suppose, about our project 
of buying meal concerning which I had wrote to him. 

Tuesday, Aprile 12th. — W. Stevenson here at tea. Had 
a message towards the evening from R. Monteith who 
had come to Kelso, seeking votes for the Synod Clerk's 
office, which is to be vacant by Laurie's going to Hawick.^ 
John Home has obtained a Presentation for him by his 
interest with the Countess of Dalkeith. With this, Mon- 
teith thought proper to acquaint me, that Sir John Stewart 
might be applied to in time to secure Langtown for Philip, 
in case of a disappointment in Hutton. This was very 
obliging in Monteith, though I believe not without a view 
of promoting his own affair of the Clerkship by laying me 
aside from asking votes for Mr. Allan ; and it was my 
own opinion, on reflection, as well as Philip's and Mr. 
Lundy's, that I could not proceed to do anything in that 
view on this intelligence from Monteith. Wrote, however, 
to Dr. Balderstone and to James Allan that they might 
apply to Sir John for Langtown. Monteith supped with 
us at Mr. Lundy's. 

Wednesday, Aprile ISth. — Went with Mr. Lundy, accord- 



^ James Laurie, the minister of Langton, had been presented to Hawick, 
apparently through the interest of John Home (who was always ready to 
be of service to his friends). 



130 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

ing to appointment yesterday, to Sprouston to dine. 
Called at J. Cleghorn's in passing, and were there informed 
of Dr. Gibson* s solliciting him for Mr. Monteith. Andrew 
Chatto just followed us over the water in his way home 
from M'Kerston. He had been informed also of this 
business by John Miller whom he had met on the road. 
On this, I asked Andrew, who hesitated sore, much moved 
with compassion for Monteith' s great family.^ However, 
I think he will not vote against Allan. Dined and spent 
the night at Sprouston, where we had much disputation 
with Mr. Lundy about Douglas, David Hume, etc. 

Thursday, Aprile IMh. — Left Sprouston in the forenoon. 
Called at Ednam, where Mr. Pollock will be our man. 
Then, after calling here and shifting, rode to M'Kerston, 
whither Philip and Mr. Lundy were to go by the way of 
Kelso. Got there late to dine. W. Walker is engaged for 
his own vote to Monteith, but promises his elder to James 
Allan. He rode with us to Martin [Mertoun], where to 
my no little surprise Mr. Innes ^ was ignorant of the whole 
matter. Informed him, and got his vote and the promise 
of his elder's for Mr. Allan. Was encouraged to ask it 
by his having told me last Synod that if Mr. Allan had 
come to him before Laurie, he would certainly have got 
it. Came home with Philip betwixt 8 and 9, and found 
James Allan here, with whom having consulted, we re- 
solved to send Charles to Edinburgh to-morrow with 
letters to Sir John Stewart from the Dr. and James. Sate 
up late prequeering^ about Douglas against which, or 
rather the management of which, James has contracted 
some prejudices. 

Friday, Aprile 15th. — Walked with Philip to Kelso. 
James Allan rode. James dispatched several letters to 
his friends in the Synod solliciting them for the Clerkship. 
Came home in the evening. 

Saturday, Aprile IQth. — James Allan left us about 11. 



1 Monteith at this time was father of eight children. 

2 James Innes, minister of Mertoun 1718-67. 

3 Properly perqueering (Fr. par caeur), inquiring into, criticising. 
Seldom used as a verb. 



I757J DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 131 

Did something for to-morrow, and filled up accounts. 
P.m. walked to Home to attend a meeting about the Poor's 
meal, but mistook the afternoon for the forenoon, when 
some of the people had met and gone away again. Called 
at W. Stevenson, and agreed with him to appoint another 
meeting on Tuesday. Came home betwixt 4 and 5. Mr. 
Dawson drank tea with us. Talked over with him Mr. 
Allan's and Philip's affairs. Charles came home betwixt 
2 and 3, and had letters to the Dr. and James Allan from 
Sir J. Stewart, which we looked into, and by which he is 
engaged to serve Philip, so far as he is able, in the affair 
of Langtown, but thinks that the settlement of that kirk 
will fall into the hands of the Presbytery. 

Munday, Aprile ISth. — Philip left us in the morning. 
Afterwards read through D. Hume's dissertations which 
I got from the library on Friday. The Natural History of 
Religion is entertaining, and has curious things in it, but 
its tendency is very bad. Those on the standard of Taste 
and Tragedy are good philosophical criticism. That on 
the Passions is an attempt to eluci^date and popularize part 
of the Treatise on Human Nature ; but it is both very 
useless, and still is very obscure. Rode to Eccles in the 
evening, and spent the night with Matthew, to whom the 
accounts about Hawick, Laurie, Monteith, etc., were 
new. 

Tuesday, Aprile 19th. — Left Eccles after breakfast. 
Dined at home, and read the Edinburgh papers of last 
week ; also some of Herd's ^ Commentary on Horace's 
Art of Poetry, which I have got to look into, in the view 
of doing something to a discourse on the chorus of the 
ancient tragedy, which Willy Temple sent me from Edin- 
burgh to correct for him. At Home p.m., where we at 
last settled the management of everything relating to the 
meal to be purchased for the poor, and made a minute 
about it. Slept at night on Herd's Dissertation on 
Dramatick Poetry. 

^ Sic in MS. The reference is really to Richard Hurd (1720-1803), 
Bishop of Worcester, who published an edition of the Ars Poetica in 
1749. 



132 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

Thursday, Aprile 21st. — Forenoon and part of afternoon 
read Herd's Commentary. Read also and transcribed 
some things from Mason's letters prefixed to his Elfrida, 
where there are some good things relating to the Ancient 
Chorus. Look'd to Aristotle, de Arte Poetica, on the same 
subject. Afternoon at Sir Robert's at tea. Miss in a 
weak, languishing way. 

Friday, Aprile 22nd. — Read mostly Herd's Commen- 
tary, also some of Francis's translation and notes on 
the Ars Poetica in the fourth volume of his Horace, 
which I got from the library. Wrought some in the 
garden. 

Saturday, Aprile 2Srd. — Employed chiefly in correcting 
Billy Temple's discourse. I would rather have composed 
a new one, but as his draught is capable of being corrected 
into a tolerable work, I thought it would be more en- 
couraging, tho' it has been not a little troublesome to 
serve him in that way. Wrought a little in the garden, 
and got a parcel of boys to gather the stones from the 
rising grass in the glebe, which, under the direction of 
Charles, they have done tolerably. Read some more of 
Francis's translation and notes on the Ars Poetica, from 
which I have learned the meaning of some passages that 
I did not understand before, particularly the Amphora 
coepit institui ; currente rota, cur urceus exit ? Where 
the rota is the potter's wheel, the amphora a splendid 
bowl, urceits a coarse pitcher. 

Sunday, Aprile 24<th. — James Allan arrived from 
Bunkel, where he had been preaching (by the way of 
Allan-bank), at near ten. 

Munday, Aprile 25th. — Saw sick, and baptized in the 
parish, and after I came home, finished my corrections 
and additions of Billy Temple's work, and sent them in a 
letter. James Allan went to Sandy Know, where he staid 
all day. Came back in the evening, and Monteith arrived 
about 10. Very good company. 

Tuesday, Aprile 26th. — John Hume, Willy and Thomas 
Scot came to breakfast. Willy had his horse to send back. 
Walked down with him and James Allan to Kelso. Chose 



1757] DIARY OF GEOkGE RIDPATH 133 

Hepburn of Aitoun ^ Moderator, and having no manner of 
business, broke up about 8. Sate in Wood's with a great 
company till about 12, and lodged in Mr. Bobbie's, Mr. 
Dawson's people, with whom we dined, not having a right 
place for us. It was not judged at all expedient for Laurie 
to demitt his office, and therefore there was no trial of 
strength betwixt James Allan and Monteith. If there 
had, their forces would, I believe, have been pretty near 
an equality, not^s^ithstanding Monteith' s start. 

Wednesday, Aprile 27th. — Attended the Culloden Feast. 
The company broke up between 6 and 7, most part went 
away between 4 and 5. Captain Mirret (?) admitted a 
member, also Cupples. I furnished a new catch. After 
all the rest were gone, sate 2 or 3 hours in Wood's with 
Laurie, Monteith, Willy Home, and Cupples, where we 
were very hearty. Came home alone betwixt 10 and 11. 
Allan went away with Chatto in the view of going to 
Belford to meet with T. Cockburn. He is going thence to 
Riddell to see Miss,^ who is a great potherer for him. 

Thursday, Aprile 2Sth. — Dozed and read in the fourth 
volume of Francis's Horace. A little opprest with the 
irregular living of the 2 or 3 days past. Overlook' d in 
the glebe the sowing of a parcel of grass seeds, to fill up 
the vacancies in what I sowed last year, which has, how- 
ever, come away pretty well. Miss Pringle died this 
night betwixt 11 and 12, quite exhausted with the long 
continuance of her distress, which was an indigestion and 
looseness arising from, or complicated with, a rheumatism 
and female obstructions. A girl of good capacity and an 
exceeding good heart, and whose natural spirits and once 
blooming health, promised a long life. 

Friday, Aprile 29th. — Read miscellaneously, and 
wrought a little in the garden. P.m. at Sir Robert's, 
where all are pretty well, and in an easy, composed state. 
James Allan came at night from an excursion in the 
Presbytery of Jedburgh. 

1 Patrick Hepburn, minister of Ay ton 1753-72 : son of William 
Hepburn, minister of Foulis- Wester. 

2 Probably the daughter of Sir Walter Riddell, Bart. 



134 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

Saturday, Aprile SOth.' — ^James Allan and I set out for 
Berwick betwixt 9 and 10. Rode hard, which with the 
great heat of the day, heated and fatigued me very 
much, the more, no doubt, by its following the irregular 
living and w^ant of rest of the preceding week. James 
A-llan and James Turnbull preached. Drank tea in 
fiowdie's, and supped in Mr. Waite's. Murray along 
with us. 

Sunday, May 1st. — Lectured in Murray's Meeting, 
and served two tables for Gowdie. Jardine ^ preached 
p.m., w^ho has attained to a decency and elegance both 
in composition and delivery which I could scarce have 
expected from him, and may support him very well, even 
in the Tron Kirk. Supped in Gowdie's, where we had 
Thomson with us, and had a good deal of entertaining 
talk from Jardine. 

Munday, May 2nd. — Colleagued with Isaac Wood. 
Sore distrest at a pain and stiffness in the lower ribs and 
hypochondrium especially of the left side, the consequence 
of cold and irregular living, after the heat of Saturday. 
All our company dined in Mr. Nixon's very elegantly. 
Had a walk after, with Jardine, etc., to the ruins of the 
Castle, from which there is a noble prospect. Drank tea 
in Mr. Rutherford's, and supped in the Doctor's. All 
along, much entertained with Jardine, who is naturally 
a lepidum caput, with a considerable share of good sense 
and much practise in the world. In the evening spoke 
to the Doctor, Mr. Temple, and Mr. Waite, about being 
bound with Philip to Mather for the Bridgewaters' Board. 
They all readily agreed to it, which is very humane and 
friendly. Spoke also to Mather and his wife on the same 



1 John Jardine, a native of Lochmaben, minister successively of 
Liberton 1741, Lady Yester's, Edinburgh, 1750, and the Tron, Edinburgh 
(second charge), 1754, till his death, which occurred suddenly in the 
General Assembly, 30th May 1766. Carlyle gives a graphic account of 
the incident. He was one of H.M. Chaplains in Ordinary, Dean of the 
Chapel Royal and Dean of the Order of the Thistle : was a great friend 
of John Home, the author of Douglas, and, Carlyle says, * a man of infinite 
pleasantry as well as great talents, whose conversation possessed the 
charm of easy, natural and attractive humour.' 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 135 

subject, who can have nothing to object to the security, 
but insisted much on having the money, at least some 
considerable part of it. Paid Sam Stanton £12. 

Tuesday, May 3rd. — In the morning paid Mather his 
account, and also paid Mr. Waite for the porter and for 
brass nails for hanging hats on, which he had got a great 
while ago for Robert Turnbull and Lundy. Got also an 
account of the numbers of the Lottery tickets which he 
had procured for Wm. Stevenson and me. Set out betwixt 
10 and 11, and got home about 3. Wm. Home from 
Polwarth here a little before me. Went with him and 
Robert Scot of Sandy Know to Miss Pringle's burial at 5. 
These two, Francis Scot, Doctor Gibson, and Thomas 
Dawson drank tea with us . . .^ a good deal of tepid 
water. Willy Home read me part of a letter from John, 
in which he tells him that the Princess of Wales had sent 
him a present of a £100 bank bill, and that the Duke of 
Argyle had asked His Majesty to be present at his last 
benefit night, which was to be Thursday last. 

Thursday, May 5th. — Look'd over S. Stanton's and 
Mather's accounts, and marked some articles in my 
Almanack accounts. Slept these two last nights on 
Phaedrus, an author of singular elegance. Thomas Daw- 
son here at dinner and till 4 p.m. Easier to-day, tho' 
still greatly opprest. Drank in the morning ground 
ivy with dandelion and betony, and a little lavender to 
flavour them. Finding these things clearing my crop 
gradually, and promoting a diuresis. 

Friday, May Qth. — Sowed J lb. of dwarf pease in the 
garden. Read some of Horace's Epistles in Francis's 
translation. Mr. Lundy here at tea. His errand chiefly 
to desire me to write to James Allan to support a motion 
that may probably be made in the Synod of Lothian, to 
which James is our correspondent, to inquire into the 
conduct of the Edinburgh Presbytery in delaying the ad- 
mission of the new members to be brought to Edinburgh 



^ A line and a half erased here. Apparently some allusion to Moffat 
Waters. 



136 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

for a twelvemonth after Whitsunday, by which his, brother 
at Abercorn,^ with the rest, is a sufferer. 

Sunday, May 8th. — Got a letter from Philip by Mr. 
Stevenson, who was at Berwick yesterday, informing me 
that he had been with John Home, who came to Berwick 
early that morning. He is in good spirits, having made 
handsomely by his play, and got a settlement of £100 per 
annum made on him by the Prince of Wales till he is 
otherwise provided for. He also informs that the 
Countess of Dalkeith has wrote positively in favour of 
Laurie for Hawick. 

Munday, May 9th. — ^Was at Home a.m. seeing sick. 
John Miller here at dinner and all the afternoon. He had 
seen John Home of Athelstaneford at Polwarth yesterday, 
who, it seems, is resolved not to demit till the Assembly 
be over. 

Tuesday, May 10th. — Intended to have set out for Ber- 
wick in the morning, but the rain hindered me. Set out 
for Berwick about 3, and drank tea at Eccles. Nan is 
doing better. Got to Berwick about 9, where Whitfield ^ 
had been in the afternoon on his road to Edinburgh, 
whither he has no doubt been sent for by the Zealots ; as 
if peoples' passions were not sufficiently inflamed already. 

Wednesday, May 11th. — Breakfasted and dined at 
Mr. Waite's. Drank tea at Aunt Balderstone's, and 
supped in Mr. Temple's. Got some cold yesterday and 
to-day together, walking on the bleak walls, which made 
me considerably deaf. 

Thursday, May 12th. — Breakfasted and dined in Mr. 
Waite's ; drank tea in Sam Stanton's, and supped in 
the Doctor's, where were W. Hall, Sam Stanton, John 
Gray, and Mr. Waite. Sate pretty late. Called a.m. at 
Mr. Edmiston's. 



1 Henry Lundy, a brother of the minister of Kelso, was minister of 
Monzie 1743, and Abercom 1747 : he was called to Trinity Parish, Edin- 
burgh, 13th August 1756, but for some reason the Presbytery delayed his 
admission till 13th June 1758 : died 1800. 

'■* George Whitelield, the famous Methodist preacher : it was by no 
means his first visit to Scotland. 



1757] DIARY OF CEORGE RIDPATH IST* 

Friday, May ISth. — Called at Mr. Chisholm's a.m. 
Drank tea with my sister and Philip in Mrs. Nicholson's. 
Called at Mr. Turner's in the evening, where was a strange 
rencounter, half moving laughter and half indignation be- 
twixt him and his wife. Called afterwards at Goldie's 
and carried him to Mr. Waite's, where we sate the evening. 

Saturday, May lUh, — Din'd in Mr. Hall's. Called at 
the Collector's, Doctor's, and Sam Stanton's. Set out 
after 3. Made a short call at Eccles, and got home after 
sunset. Learned at Eccles, that after a hard struggle 
the Synod of Lothian had decided against the Presbytery 
of Dalkeith, in favour of Carlisle, by a majority only of 2.^ 
John Home, himself, was also to be before them, being 
referred to them by the Presbytery of Haddington, to 
whom it seems on examination, he talked in very high 
terms. Thursday was his day, .and the news had not 
come. 

Wednesday, May ISth. — ^Wrought a good deal in the 
garden, hoeing pease and cabbage, etc. Read some things 
in Forbes on Tithes, ^ and Buchannan, and made some 
discoveries about the Abbey of Coldingham, which, by its 
founder, King Edgar, was first dedicated to St. Ebba. 
Afterwards, St. Cuthbert became its patron, a proof of its 
connexion with the Abbev of Durham. Read also some 
of the Acts of the Assembly, 1638, in which there is a fine 
discovery of the spirit of the times, and at night corrected 
part of a homily that Will is making for the Presbytery. 

Thursday, May 19th. — Cleaned my black coat for my 
Edinburgh expedition next week. Robert Turnbull came 
to dine, and sate till 7. Got last November and December 
Reviews and Appendix from Kelso, of which I read several 
articles. Read also the newspapers, in which there is 
nothing material. 

Friday, May 20th. — ^Wrought a good deal in the garden, 



1 The Presbytery were of opinion that Carlyle's offences deserved more 
than a mere rebuke and remitted the matter to the Synod, who decided 
in favour of Carlyle. The Assembly affirmed this finding. 

2 WiUiam Forbes, Advocate, Professor of Law in Glasgow University, 
pubhshed A Treatise on Church Lands and Tithes, Edinburgh, 1703. 



138 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

weeding flowers and hoeing pease. In the afternoon 
drank tea with Coventree. Read some articles of the 
Reviews, and look'd to some things in Spotis wood's 
Church History and Crawford's Scots Peerage, the last of 
which I got from the library to-day, the other yesterday. 

Saturday, May 21st. — Mr. Pollock came here a.m. and 
Mr. Lundy just before dinner, to get an answer drawn up 
to the reasons for a Bill of Suspension, which the heritors 
of Ednam have been applying for to hinder the effect of a 
Charge of horning given them by John Waldie whom the 
Presbytery appointed their factor for prosecuting their 
decreet for rebuilding the Kirk. This was soon done, and 
they both left us soon after dinner. Read some more of 
the Reviews, also two London chronicles sent from Sir 
Robert's, where there are several interesting things in the 
political way. Wrought also some in the garden. 

Munday, May 2Srd. —Prepared a dinner for Mr. Blake 
and Isaac Wood, on an information given me by Isaac that 
Blake and he were to call here, and to carrv me in to the 
Assembly along with them. Waited till past 2, and none 
of them came. Meantime, John Hume of Greenlaw came 
betwixt 11 and 12 flying from his fair, but left us and 
went to Ednam, on hearing of the company we expected. 
James Allan arrived betwixt 1 and 2, and he and I set out 
about 4. Got to Channel Kirk about 8. Afternoon ex- 
tremely cold. Lived comfortably enough at Channel Kirk. 

Tuesday, May 2Uh. — Set out from Channel Kirk about 5, 
and got to Edinburgh betwixt 8 and 9. Found Patrick 
Simpson in Boyd's, who told us first of the great victory 
obtained by the King of Prussia. Drest, and went to the 
Assembly, where the Appeal in Carlisle's cause was heard. 
The parties spoke till half an hour after 4, Robertson 
particularly well ; Primrose ^ learnedly and sensibly too 
on the other side, but with a manner and pronunciation 
that greatly disfigured what he said. G. Hamilton ^ 



1 James Primrose, minister of Crichton 1733-72. 

2 Gilbert Hamilton, minister of Cramond 1737-72 : son of a former 
minister of the parish : D.D., Aberdeen 1760 : Moderator of Assembly 
1768. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 139 

severely, against the Dalkeith prosecutors, but with 
tolerable decorum, and a well-aimed blow at Whitfield, 
who was present. The whole was very entertaining. 
But as parties had taken up so much time, the judges 
spoke none, but proceeded to decide by a vote which 
carried in Carlisle's favour by 3 to 1. Din'd with Jardine, 
Bailie Rochead, etc., in a tavern, where we sate till 10. 
Afterwards called at Gilbert Laurie's and sate till 12. 

Wednesday, May 25th. — Breakfasted at Mr. Wallace's, 
and was put into a way by his son of making some dis- 
coveries about Philip's affair. Spent about three hours 
in the Advocates' Library looking over the list of papers 
in the Coldingham archives, which are still preserved at 
Durham, and the catalogue whereof almost fills a small 
volume in folio, in which list there are many titles of 
papers that might be probably of use in our cause. The 
very title of one of them clearly proves that Fishwick was 
a distinct church a.d. 1462. But I made a much more 
considerable discovery in a MS. list of parishes and 
stipends as they stood in the years 1574 and 5, which has 
very lately been brought into the library, having been in 
the collection of Bishop Keith's papers. From this it 
plainly appears that at that time Hutton and Fishwick 
were standing and distinct churches. These discoveries 
improved my spirits a good . deal. Told G. Wallace of 
them, and in the forenoon spent more than an hour with 
Davidson, in which we talked over the whole affair, and 
concerted such a way of prosecuting it as will, I hope, 
bring it to an issue during next Session. Davidson has 
not been so careful in it as he should have been, partly, 
I think, from a despair of success, partly from an aversion 
to do anything disobliging to J. M'Kenzie or Renton, who 
served his friend Waugh in Whitsum affair, but I hope 
he will now do something. Drank tea at old J. Davidson's, 
who is creeping abroad again, but seems so infirm that 
he is not likely to live long. Made several other calls, 
and supped at Mr. Laurie's, himself not in the house. 

Thursday, May 26th. — Could not get away from town 
till 12. Stopt at Channel Kirk Braefoot, and got home a 



140 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

little after 9. Breakfasted with Mrs. Dvsart, where I had 
also called before. Nan seems to be in a very good way. 
She is drinking goats' whey, and it agrees with her. 

Friday, May 27th. — ^James Allan staid till after dinner. 
Read, along with him, three books of Wilkie's poem,^ and 
all the rest of it after he had gone. It seems to be a very 
extraordinary work. Was a good deal tired with yester- 
day's journey, the last part of which we travelled fast. 

Saturday, May 28th. — Did something for to-morrow, and 
read some articles in last November and December Reviews. 
Mr. Dawson here at tea, and John Aitchison of Morpeth 
called in the evening. He tells me that Douglas's settle- 
ment at Jedburgh is ordered to go on, also that an over- 
ture against the stage, after long disputation, had [been] 
carried, but is drawn up in much less violent terms than 
was at first proposed. He informs me also, that his own 
affair at Falkirk has hitherto a favourable aspect. After 
sitting an hour with us, he rode down to Kelso. 

Tuesday, May Slst. — Read newspapers and some articles 
of last March Review. Also wrote some things out of 
Drummond of Hawthornden relating to the Abbey of 
Coldingham, and out of Crawford's Peerage about the 
Home family. 

Wednesday, June 1st. — Mr. Dawson came here before 
dinner, and John Miller p.m., who put into my hands a 
manuscript of a thesis he is to publish on taking his degree, 
which he is to do very soon, that I may revise the Latin 
of it. 

Thursday, June 2nd. — Read the March Review to an 
end, and wrought a while on John Miller's thesis. P.m. at 
Sir Robert's with Philip drinking tea. Sir Robert and 
Mary had gone this afternoon to Torwoodlee and Rowland. 

Friday, June 3rd. — Philip set out for Morbattle a.m. to 
consult with Andrew Chatto about applying for Oxnam 
which, it is said, is to become vacant by Boston's going to 
the Jedburgh people. Robert Turnbull and his nephew 
Hay, who came with him from Edinburgh, were here dining. 



i.e. the Epigoniad, by William Willde, minister of Ratho. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 141 

Had a good deal of talk about Assembly News. After they 
were gone, wrought on John Miller's thesis, which does not 
require very many corrections. At night finished the cor- 
rection of Will's homily. 

Saturday, June Mh. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
wrought on J. Miller's thesis which I got once through. 
It was much less faulty in point of language than I ex- 
pected to find it, and proves John to be a pretty good 
Latin scholar. As to the work itself, the reasonings seem 
natural and very judicious. Mr. Dawson here, but did not 
stay. He has been of late attending frequently the poor 
man Adam Speirs, who cut his foot cruelly with an ax. 

Munday, June 6th. — ^Wrought chiefly on John Miller's 
thesis. When I had got through it almost a second time, 
he himself came. Revised it with him, and explained my 
corrections where it was needful. Mr. Dawson also at 
tea, and Bailie Laurie's and William Dickson's wives seeing 
my mother. Slept on Buchannan's account of Alexander 
iii.'s reign. 

Tuesday, June 7th. — Attended the Presbytery, where 
we had a scandal remitted from the Session of Kelso, that 
employed us a good while. Will also delivered his homily. 
Drank tea in Mr. Lundv's. Wrote to James Allan to 
Berwick. Philip came to Kelso in the morning with 
Andrew Chatto and James Turnbull, and came home with 
me at night. 

Wednesday, June 8th. — Rode to Eccles, where we dined 
and drank tea. Robert Turnbull and Mr. Lundv also 
there, and Thomas Pollock at tea. The younger children 
grown taller, and much improved. Came home in the 
evening, and staked some pease in the garden. 

Thursday, June 9th. — Wrote some little hints about our 
Hutton affair, in order to keep them in my memory. T. 
Lillie came to dinner, absurd enough still, but rather im- 
proved than otherwise. Walked down p.m. with Philip 
and Nancy to Mr. Pollock's, where we stayed till the 
evening. 

Friday, June 10th. — ^Wrought a good deal in the garden, 
staking pease, etc. Read and transcribed some more from 



142 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

Scots Peerage, also looked over some of ^he great catalogues 
for books relating to Monasteries, and marked their names, 
in order to consult them, if there be occasion, at Edinburgh. 
Read in the evening the last Chronicle, where there are 
some curious things from Keysler's Travels.^ Mr. Dawson 
here at tea. 

Saturday, June 11th. — ^Wrought some in the garden, and 
consulted some books of history, law, etc. Mr. Lundy 
here at dinner and tea. He had a letter from Wm. Scott, 
our agent in the Ednam affair, which he showed me. The 
heritors have obtained a suspension of our decreet. Am 
to give him directions when I go to Edinburgh. Had a 
message at Hunter for money, who has disappointed me a 
3rd or 4th time. This will hinder my going to Edinburgh 
on Monday. 

Munday, June 13th. — Amused and read variously. Got 
£20 from Hunter in the evening by N. Leitch, which pre- 
pared me for Edinburgh journey. 

Tuesday, June 14<th, to Thursday, June 23rd. — All this 
time at Edinburgh, and in journey to and again. Spent 
most of my time in attending my agent Davidson, in 
searching Records in the lower Parliament House, and at 
Sim's, who keeps the Privy Seal Register, later than the 
Restoration, also in the Advocates' Library transcribing 
things relating to Coldingham from the catalogue of its 
papers in the Durham archives, and also from a MS. of 
Father Hay which contains an account of all the religious 
houses in Scotland. The result of these enquiries was a 
discovery in the Privy Seal Register of two Royal pre- 
sentations to Hutton, one in 1679 to Orr on a vacancy by 
the death of Mr. Patrick Home, and another in 1636 to 
Mr. James Lundy on a vacancy by the demission of Mr. 
Allan Lundy. The discoveries with regard to Coldingham 
were of more curiosity than use. Saw, however, in the 
lower part of the House, the Act of erection of Coldingham 
in favour of John Stuart, second son of Earl Bothwell, 
upon an apprising on which Lord Home's claim to the 

1 Johann George Keysler, Travels through Germany . . ., translated 
from the second edition of the German. London, 1756. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 143 

patronage of the churches which depended on the Priory 
of Coldingham is founded. There are seven churches 
mentioned in that Act, of which Fishwick is one, and which, 
as appears from the Act, was then united to Hutton. To 
all these churches, it appears from the Privy Seal Register, 
that the Crown has given presentations without inter- 
ruption down to the present times. Only to two of them, 
however, Stitchel and Hutton, Lord Home has presented 
since about the 1730, along with the Crown. These Acts 
of Possession, on the part of the Crown, most of the lawyers 
I spoke to seem to think of great weight. I was agreeably 
situated as to company and other respects in the intervals 
I was not employed in business. Saw D. Home a good 
deal, which was chiefly owing to Mrs. Dysart, who invited 
him to dine at her house on the day I was engaged to dine 
with her, the consequence of which was two subsequent 
invitations to dine at the Clerk's, and David's own house. 
Saw, in company with David,^ the collection of Medals, 
Ancient and Modern, and the Mummy in the Advocates' 
Library. Met with Robertson there one day, and had a 
good deal of chat with him about his History, which he has 
brought down to the 1589. He has bestowed, and intends 
still to bestow a good deal of labour on it, and I daresay it 
will be a valuable and entertaining work. Took a ride 
with old James Davidson, a poor object, to New-hailes ^ 
on Saturday the 18th p.m., where the new drawing-room, 
bedchamber, and closet are the finest things in point of 
high finishing, furniture, etc., that I have ever seen. The 
library is a spacious room of about 40 feet long, by 24 
broad, and 20 and upwards I think in height, and as full 



^ David Hume was at this time Keeper of the Advocates' Library. 

2 Newhailes was built by Sir James Dairy mple, Bart., grandson of 
the first Viscount of Stair : it was named after his other estate of Hailes 
near Haddington. Carlyle says it was one of the first houses whose 
park was laid out and adorned with all the elegance of modern taste. In- 
ternally it is still a fine specimen of an eighteenth-century mansion house, 
and the elaborately carved mantelpieces in the principal rooms form a 
great feature in its architectural details. The library has long been 
famous : its contents were much added to by various items of excep- 
tional interest by Sir David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes, the son of the founder. 



144 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

of books as it can hold. Had a walk also with Geo. 
Wallace to Braid, which is a very fine rural scene of wood, 
rocks, and water. Left the town on Thursday after mid- 
day, and came home betwixt 9 and 10. Met with John 
Home at Channel Kirk and drank with him half a mutchkin 
punch. He has taken a country house in the neighbour- 
hood of Braid, where he intends to live during the summer. 
D. Hume is to be his contuhernalis for some part of it, 
which is certainly very wild. (This did not hold.^) 
Found Mr. Waite here, who had come to bring Philip a 
letter from M'Doual's partner at Glasgow, informing him 
that a ship was to sail from Newport Glasgow to St. Kitt's 
on the 30th current, and desiring him to send the boys to 
go in it. Philip was detained here beyond the term of his 
vacancy by a strain he had got at Eccles. Richard Brown 
also here. Was fatigued with travelling in a hot day, and 
hurt by J. Home's punch, the consequence of which was a 
slight fit after I came home, but it went off with a loose 
stool. 

Friday, June 2^th. — Mr. Waite, Philip, and Brown 
staid till after dinner. Afterwards journalized and look'd 
to the Acts of Assembly, [16] 38 to 49, where in the Index 
of unprinted Acts for Assembly 49, I see one, Mr. James 
Lundy, the name the same with that of the King's 
Presentee to Hutton, 1636, deposed, the consequence of 
which would be the settlement of next incumbent, prob- 
ably Mr. Patrick Home, without a presentation. 

Saturday, June 25th. — Lay so long a-bed resting, that I 
delayed setting out for Eyemouth till p.m. Dobby and 
his wife cast up to dinner, which detained me till 4. 
Brown also here. Got to Eyemouth jogging at 9. 

Sunday, June 26th. — Preached in Kirkyard and served a 
table. Hepburn, Waugh, Buchannan, Brydone, coadjutors. 
Kirk at home supplied by Richard Brown, who preached, 
however, only half the day, having gone to Kelso to 
exchange with J. Aitchison who was taken very ill with an 
inflammation in his stomach. 



1 Marginal note. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 145 

Munday, June 27th. — Drank tea with Mrs. Crow p.m. 
Her daughter Margaret grown a woman, and a fort jolie 
one. The rest very fine girls. Rode into Berwick in the 
evening, where I found that PhiUp had sent away his 
West Indian boys this morning. He is better of his 
strain. 

Tuesday, June 2Sth. — Set out with my sister from 
Berwick betwixt 10 and 11, and dined at Whitsum, where 
we mist John, being at the Presbytery. Got home about 7. 

Wednesday, June 29th. — Mr. Blake in his forma pauperis 
and Isaac Wood came here betwixt 8 and 9. They break- 
fasted, and I went with them to Melrose. Robert Turn- 
bull came about the time we were setting out, and staid 
here. Din'd at Melrose and saw the Abbey, where Brown 
pointed out to us some new things.^ Drank tea in his house. 
Came down by the promontory or peninsula of Old Melrose, 
opposite to which is one of the finest natural scenes that 
can be seen, of rocks and steep banks covered with trees 
and bushes. My namesake of Glads wood, from sacred 
love of gain, is destroying a considerable part of these 
beauties that is his property. The rest belong to Haig of 
Bemersyde. This round, and slow riding made it 11 o'clock 
before we got to Kelso, where we lodged in Wood's. My 
fellow-travellers drank tea ; I was hungry and supped on 
a beef-stake. Blake has a high feeling of these natural 
beauties, but in matters of taste, his attainments are in- 
considerable, in comparison of what they are in things 
that belong to knowledge and speculation. 

Thursday, June 30th. — Saw Wm. Aitchison, who was 
attacked by a sort of apoplexy on Tuesday night. He 
seemed to be in a way of recovering, tho' he still dozes 
much. Looked to the old Registry of the Presbytery of 
Kelso in my possession, where from the Acts and Recom- 
mendations of Synod there inserted, I found further evid- 
ence of Mr. J. Lundy's being deposed about the 1649. 



^ James Brown (1724-81), minister of Melrose 1748 : of New Greyfriars, 
Edinburgh, 1767: and of the New North parish 1768: Moderator of 
General Assembly 1777. 

K 



146 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

Read some of Spotswood, and dozed a good deal, not being 
yet quite recruited from the fatigue of Edinburgh and 
Eyemouth journeys. 

Munday, July Uh. — [Ridpath probably set out for Edin- 
burgh on this day as there is no entry in the Diary till the 
next Saturday, which gives an account of his visit.] 

Saturday, July 9th. — Set out for Edinburgh at 5, and 
got there before 2 p.m. Got a consultation of lawyers on 
Thursday evening. Davidson drew up a very good 
Memorial which comprehended a distinct detail of the 
whole affair. In looking for something else, he discovered 
another Royal presentation of date Anno 1614. It is to 
Mr. Allan Lundy, father to Mr. James Lundy, who was 
presented Anno 1636. This proves a possession for more 
than a himdred years, and destroys even the pretension of 
Lord Home to a vice. The lawvers seemed all satisfied of 
the strength of the claim from prescription. They con- 
sidered the old charter on which Lord Home claims, which 
shows that they are wrong in founding their claim on the 
rights of the Provostry of Dunglass. For tho' the Kirk 
and Hospital of Hutton are donated by the Earl of Douglas 
to the Collegiate Church of Dunglass, the patronage of the 
Kirk is given to Alexander Home and his heirs. But this 
is of little moment. Prescription is the strength of our 
plea, and the Advocate seemed to be so well satisfied of 
this, that he ordered J. Davidson to take care of the vacant 
stipend. Dined with the representatives of the Royal 
Burrows on Wednesday, by invitation of G[ilbert] Laurie 
who, as Treasurer, is their principal entertainer. Also 
supped with them, the consequence of which was drinking 
somewhat too much of their claret. The entertainment 
is in the Assembly Hall,^ which is a spacious, handsome 
room. Had nuisick after our dinner. Would have come 
home on Friday, but waited for G. Wallace, who was de- 
tained by my cause, which was enrolled for Saturday, tho' 
my Lord Home's lawyer not being ready, nothing was 



^ Probably the old Assembly Rooms in Assembly Close. The new 
Assembly Rooms in Bell's Close were not yet opened. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 147 

done, and the affair was delayed till Tuesday. Employed 
the Friday in seeing my old friend W. Jeffery. James 
Allan went with me there, and dined. Got the bad news 
of the King of Prussia's defeat by Wednesday's post, which 
cheered Jacobite countenances still more than it clouded 
those of Whigs. Left Edinburgh about 12, and got home 
after 9, George Wallace along with me. The whole week's 
work fatiguing by the heat of the weather. The dis- 
. covery of the last presentation was in a particular Register 
of presentations consisting of several volumes, and extend- 
ing from 1574, I think to 1663, with a gap only of 7 or 8 
years preceding the 1595. 

Tuesday, July 12th. — Walked part of the way to Kelso 
with Miss Edgar and Mr. Dudgeon, who had been here all 
night. My sister Mrs. Waite and Will went to the fair. 
Read some of Spotswood, and amused a good deal most 
of the afternoon with looking through Mr. Waite' s tele- 
scope at people coming from the fair. Could find out 
easily people I knew well at a mile's distance. 

Wednesday, July ISth. — Thomas Turnbull and Robert 
came here to breakfast. They sate till betwixt 12 and 1. 

1 accompanied them to Home Byres, where we dined and 
drank tea. At night slept on Spotswood. 

Friday, July 15th. — Robert Turnbull staid till after 
dinner. Had a walk with him about mid-day amongst Sir 
Robert's trees, and went to see William Aitchison who 
continues still in a sort of stupor, and cannot speak above 

2 or 3 sentences intelligently or coherently. Otherwise 
he has no complaints, and goes about. Evening read 
some of Spotswood. 

Saturday, July 16th. — Prepared for to-morrow, read 
Spotswood, and marked several things in my accounts. 
Alison Hog here at dinner, and getting payment of her 
interest. 

Munday, July ISth. — Wrought a good while in the 
garden a.m. Afternoon, read Spotswood, of which work 
I got the old MS. which Mr. Dysart gave to our library, 
and which seems to be a valuable one, for by the help of 
it, I supplied half of a sentence in a passage, which, 



148 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

as it stands in the printed copy, is nonsense. Wrote to 
G. Wallace and J. Davidson. It is strange I have heard 
from neither of them. 

Tuesday, July 19ih, — Read some more of Spots wood 
and corrected part of Will's exercise and addition. Got 
a letter in the morning by way of Berwick, from G. Wallace, 
in which he informs that our cause has been delayed twice, 
first, from the Ordinary not having time to overtake it, 
and then from Alexander Lockhart, my Lord's lawyer, not 
being well. It is to be called again to-morrow. 

Wednesday, July 20th. — Rode over to Wooler Haugh- 
head to see Sir Robert's people who have been there 
drinking goat- whey these three weeks. Found Sir Robert 
and Miss Peggy gone on foot, and Mrs. Pringle, Miss Maddy, 
and Miss Murray about to follow on horseback, all to dine 
at Fowberry.i Rode over with them and dined. Left 
Fowberry at 4 J. Stopt more than half an hour at Newton 
to give my horse corn, and got home about 10. An 
agreeable jaunt, tho' somewhat fatiguing. Fowberry is 
made and making a very elegant place. The house is a 
stout, ancient pile, modernized not unhappily, and elegantly 
finished and furnished. A large piece of ground in the 
neighbourhood is laid out into a garden, bowling green, 
and esplanade before the house, and there is a very fine 
brick wall of a great length, for fruit. 

Sunday, July 2Mh. — Got a letter from Philip informing 
me that G. Wallace had wrote him that Alexander Lockhart, 
my Lord Home's lawyer, had desired diligence to procure 
such papers as might instruct my Lord's possession of 
the patronage of Hutton. This could not be refused, but 
the decision of the affair will necessarily be delayed by it 
beyond this Session. However, G. Wallace proposes an 
application to be made to the Inner House to order Pliilip's 
settlement on the possession that appears for the Crown, 
reserving it to my Lord Home to insist for his Declarator 
on such evidence as he may hereafter be able to produce. 
This petition he would have in the name of the Presbytery, 



* Fowberry, Mr. Blake's place — Northumberland, 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 149 

and grounded on the long continuance of the vacancy. 
Upon this, Philip was to go to James Allan to endeavour 
to procure a meeting of Presbytery, and to engage them 
to such a petition which, I believe, it will be hard to 
obtain from the Presbytery, and if it were obtained, 
would probably avail little with the Lords. 

Munday, July 25th. — Read much of Spotswood, and 
made many material corrections in the printed copy by 
the help of the manuscript, which, by many characters, 
appears to have been the MS. from which the book was 
printed, tho' most inaccurately, especially in the latter 
part which I am now upon. Saw Wm. Aitchison, who is 
still rather some better. Wrought a httle in the garden, 
and pulled up many of the yellow weeds on the glebe dyke. 

Tuesday, July 26th. — Employed as yesterday. Matthew 
Dysart here with Mary Nealson, who has been staying 
some time at Eccles, en croupe. Her eyes, poor girl, look 
badly, and she sees very ill with them. The part of 
Spotswood I went through to-day not so erroneous as that 
which I read yesterday. Got letters from G. Wallace by 
the way of Philip, and from John Davidson, who inform us 
that the Lord Advocate does not approve of the petition 
proposed in the name of the Presbytery. Both of them 
speak of the Presbytery's proceeding as being in all 
probability a safe measure. But this must be further 
considered. What Lord Hom.e's people asked last time 
the pause was before the Ordinary, was a diligence for the 
production of Sir John Hall's papers relating to the 
Provostry of Dunglass, from which I do not think they 
will derive anv benefit to their cause. This, and the other 
delays, destroy all hope of having the affair [decided] this 
Session. 

Wednesday, July 27th. — Rode to Kelso a.m. , after shaving, 
on a message I had to meet Messrs. Turnbull, Duncan of 
Smailholm, etc., there. They had concerted a meeting to 
prepare an appeal against our paying the window tax to 
be laid before the Commissioners of Supply, who have, 
at last, it seems, resolved to act in that affair. Tho' upon 
reasoning we Judged it could have little effect, yet we drew 



150 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

it up in the form of the Midlothian ministers, of which 
Duncan had a copy, and he, James Turnbull, and I, who 
were the only ministers there, have subscribed it. We 
dined in T. Wood's. I drank tea in Thomas Dawson's, 
and sate a while in the evening in Dobby's. Came home 
about 9, and wrought at night on Will's exercise and 
addition. Look'd also to a sermon for to-morrow at 
Ednam. 

Saturday, July 30th, — Got also a letter from Philip, 
enclosing one from his friend Sandy Home at St. 
Christopher's, in which he informs him that he has 
Bridgewater imprisoned at Nevis for the debt owing 
Philip, and has hopes of payment very soon. It was 
certainly impossible to recover it in any other way. 

Sunday, July Slst. — Rode over to Greenlaw, where I 
preached long without, and served a table. Dickson 
preached to all the people p.m. There were 10 tables, 
owing to the vacancy of Fogo. John Bell of Gordon there, 
Matthew Dysart, Dickson, and Sandy Home. Staid at 
Greenlaw all night. 

Tuesday, August 2nd. — Went to the Presbytery, where 
Will delivered his exercise and addition. His voice and 
accent much better than I expected, but too many blunders 
and hesitations. Drank tea in Dobby's, and had a library 
meeting, where only 6 were present. Commissioned, how- 
ever, two or three books. 

Wednesday, August 3rd. — Rode over to Home Byres to 
breakfast, and thence to Berwick, according to concert 
some time ago with Professor Stevenson and his sister-in- 
law. Mrs. Stevenson gob a fall from her horse a little on 
this side of Deadriggs, which, together with the heaviness 
of the rain, made us stop there an hour. Got to Berwick 
at half an hour past two, very heartily wet. Dined and 
drank tea in Mr. Waite's, and supped in the Collector's. 

Saturday, August Qth. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
read almost all the June Review, which I got from Kelso 
in the morning. It has a pretty particular extract from 
the first vol. of Medical Essays and Observations, published 
by a new Society at London, which, from this specimen, 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 151 

promises to be a valuable work. The author of this article 
appears to be a man of considerable abilities in the medical 
way. Was some time in the glebe, attending the hay- 
working, and also weeding in the garden. Dobby and 
P. Robinson, who had been at Home Byres dining, called 
here p.m. 

Munday, August Sth. — Read some of the papers and the 
dedication to Crawford of Drumsoy's Memmrs,'^ also at 
night some of Melville. Took up most of my tulips. 
Went to Sir Robert's p.m. to drink tea. ' John Stevenson 
and the two Mrs. Stevensons there. 

Tuesday, August 9th. — Spent some time with catechu- 
mens. Matthew Dysart, Miss Bess, and Polly Nealson 
here p.m. Read Crawford's preface to an end, and a good 
deal of his work, which, according to the account given of it 
in the preface, is chiefly an old MS. modernized. It is as 
much a party work on the side of Queen Mary as any of 
those of the other side against her. 

Thursday, August 11th. — Fast day before my Sacrament. 
Messrs. Lundy and Leek preached. Duncan of Smailholm 
was to be here, but was taken ill with a pain in his back 
on the road. Nobody at dinner with us but the two 
ministers who preached and Minna Dawson. 

Friday, August 12th. — Read some more of Crawford, and 
made out a plan of my Action sermon. Took up anemones 
and ranunculuses, and spoke to some catechumens. Mr. 
Waite and my sister and little Nanny arrived between 6 
and 7. They had set out betwixt 9 and 10 in the morning, 
but their chaise had very bad horses, and broke when they 
were near Mr. Watson's. The Laird took them up on the 
road, and set them forward with his chaise. 

Sunday, August 14>th. — Gave the Sacrament. Had 5 
tables almost compleat. Placed them before the West 
door, and found this disposition more convenient. John 



1 David Crawford of Drumsoy, near Glasgow (1665-1726), published in 
1 706 his Memoirs of the Affairs in Scotland, containing a full and impartial 
account of the Revolution in that Kingdom, begun in 1567, faithfully com- 
piled from an authentic MS. : it was far from an impartial work, and was 
intended as an antidote to Buchanan. 



152 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

Hume and James Allan my only assistants, Mr. Pollock 
being ill of the gout. No strangers with us excepting 
Mr. Allan, but John Hume this night. 

Munday, August loth. — ^James Allan and John Hume 
preached. Mr. Pollock continuing ill of the gout, James 
Allan and I walked to Ednam in the evening with 
Mrs. Pollock. Abraham Ker at dinner with us. Never 
had so little company. 

Tuesday, August 16th. — James Allan intended a jaunt 
into the Presbytery of Jedburgh about his clerkship, but 
instead of this, after dinner, rode to Eccles with me and 
my sisters, where we found Mrs. Dysart come home last 
night with Nan, who has continued bravely since the last 
attack of her blood-spitting. Also the clerk, who intends 
to go to Bath for his health. 

Wednesday, August 17th. — James Allan went away in 
the morning to Ancrum and Sandy Know, and returned 
in the evening. Saw a.m. a sick girl in the tow^n. Was 
some time also in the garden and in the glebe, attending 
the pulling our lint, which is a very good crop. Read a 
little of Crawford. The evident partiality and uniform 
ill-temper of that work are very disgusting. P.m. Sir 
Robert Pringle's family, also Mrs. Stevenson (Edinburgh), 
Nell Thompson, and Wm. Stevenson here at tea. 

Thursday, August 18th. — ^James Allan took a ride to 
Harper-Town a.m. He returned and went with my 
sisters and me to dine at Sir Robert's, where we were invited 
yesterday. Walter just come there. James set out from 
Sir Robert's in the evening for Polwarth. Robert Turn- 
bull and his niece called here in their way from Lothian. 
Robert sent for me from Sir Robert's about 6, to speak to 
me about something. Slept on Crawford's Memoirs. 

Munday, August 22nd. — ^Went to Home in the morning 
to baptize twins to a poor man, and thence to Nenthorn, 
where Robert TurnbuU and John Bell preached. Robert 
Turnbull came this way in passing and sate an hour. 
Read Crawford's Memoirs to an end, which is a violent 
party work. They consist chiefly of the history of the 
four Regents during James vi,'s minority, no one of whom 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 153 

is allowed the least good quality, excepting the Earl of 
Mar. It appears from the notes, that considerable blunders 
are committed in the work, and it is most probable that 
there are many besides what are there noticed. The basis 
of the work is an old contemporary MS. which Crawford 
has improved from Spotswood, Melville, etc., and put into 
pretty good English, reserving only a few original papers 
in the old language. The MS. Crawford says he had from 
Baird of Saughton Hall. That copy, by the preface of the 
late Edinburgh edition, seems to be lost. But there is a 
MS. judged to be another copy of the same original work 
in the Advocates' Library, and Bishop Keith had another. 
Crawford's book was published at London, Anno 1706, 
with a dedication to Lord Glasgow, and a preface con- 
sisting of severe, but mostly trite, invective against G. 
Buchannan. The new edition, with a few notes, 
correcting sometimes mistakes of Crawford, and also 
rendered, as is pretended, more exact in the printing, 
was published at Edinburgh, 1753, with a short preface 
prefixed, and the Earl of Morton's confession subjoined 
at large. 

Tuesday, August 2^rd. — Forenoon employed variously 
on accounts, journal, reading Edinburgh and Newcastle 
papers, in which there appears at last an advertisement for 
the sale of Langtown estate, rental near £1500. Wrought 
also a while in the garden, raking some new-sown spinnage. 
P.m. attended a meeting at Home about the poor's affairs, 
where we appointed 100 stone more of oatmeal to be bought 
for the supply of the poor. Slept soon at night on Melville. 

Wednesday, August 24//^. — Rode with my sister to 
Sprouston to dine, according to appointment with Robert 
on Monday. John Cleghorn and his wife there, and Mr. 
Lundy. Returned in the evening. Called at Ednam, 
coming and going. Read at night Melville's account of 
Murray and Lennox's Regencies, where there are inter- 
esting particulars. 

Thursday, August 25th. — Harvest beginning in many 
places, but not yet universal. Wrought some in the 
garden, Attended our people a while cutting barley in the 



154 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

glebe. Read Spots wood, correcting the printed copy 
by the MS. 

Friday, August 26th. — Rode to Kelso with my sister 
en croupe, Nancy and the child walked. Present at the 
examination of Dobby's boys, who, in general, did very 
well. Dined in Dobby's, and drank tea in Doctor Gibson's. 
Eat some fruit in Mr. Lundy's, and came home in the 
evening. Nanny rode before Charles on a peatman's 
horse, and Nancy staid. A wet stormy night. Slept on 
Melville. 

Saturday, August 27th. — ^Saw in the evening an ignis 
fatuus over the hollow at the foot of T. Wood's yard. My 
sister saw it for a good while, and another on the top of 
the know a little to the south. I took it for the reflexion 
of the moonlight from water, but soon perceived it move 
a little northward, lessen, and vanish. It was neither 
large nor vivid. The moon was shining, but through a 
thick atmosphere, and the horizon foul. Prepared for 
to-morrow, and looked over some books and put them in 
order. Met with a small copy of Homer's Odyssey, which 
I see by some writing on it to be an ancient property and 
purchase of mine, tho' I had forgot it entirely, and have 
not seen it, I am sure, for many years. I suppose Will has 
picked it up from among Philip's books in Berwick. 
Read some of the fourth vol. of Dupin's abridgement in 
his History of the Reformation.^ Will has this book from 
Mr. Lundy. It is an accurate and judicious compend, but 
indifferently translated. Slept on Melville. 

Tuesday, August SOth. — A.m. weeded turnips, shaved, 
and read some of Dupin. P.m. went with -my sisters and 
little Nanny to see Mr. Pollock's people. Read some more 
of Dupin and of Melville at night. 

Thursday, September 1st. — Amused with Mr. Waite. 
In the afternoon went all to Sir Robert's. They have 
been a jaunt at Dunglass, Whitehall, etc., and came home 
last night. 

^ Louis Ellies Dupin (1617-1719), French ecclesiastical historian. He 
never wrote a book under the name of a History of the Reformation. 
The diarist probably means a Short History of the Church, Paris, 1712. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORCxE RIDPATH 155 

Friday, September 2nd. — Set out with my sister, Mr. 
Waite, and the children for Berwick betwixt 9 and 10. 
Din'd at John Herriot's, and got to the town about sunset, 
A very agreeable journey, the day being very fine, and our 
motion easy. The child rode on a pillow before Charles, 
and bore the journey very well. Spent the evening at 
Mr. Waite's. Philip had gone out of town, and Will has 
just returned from Eyemouth. 

Saturday, September 3rd. — Staid at Berwick till after 
dinner. Called at the Doctor's, Sam Stanton's, and the 
Collector's. Samuel is repairing or rather rebuilding 
the front of his house, which he has put up with 
bricks in a very few days. He will have a fine shop 
and some very good fore-rooms. Left the town about 
2J p.m., and got home about 7. Did something for 
to-morrow. 

Tuesday, September 6th. — James Allan came here 
betwixt 9 and 10 in his way to the Presbytery of Selkirk. 
I baptized a child at Todrig, and afterwards went to the 
Presbytery, where we were all, excepting Hog. Drank 
tea at Dr. Gibson's, and was afterwards a while in Mr. 
Lundy's. Came home about 8. Read at night 
Spots wood, comparing with the MS. and correcting by it. 
If I had foreseen the tediousness of this work, I should 
scarce have undertaken it, and I believe shall scarce go 
wholly through it. 

Wednesday, September 7th. — A.m. shaved in order to 
go to M'Kerston, where Messrs. Chatto, TurnbuUs, and 
Lundy also were, to eat a goose with Mr. Walker. Mrs. 
Dysart, Nan, and little Matthew called about 12, and sate 
half an hour. Nan is looking well, and has been free of 
complaints since she came to the country. Din'd with 
company aforesaid, and drank tea at M'Kerston, and 
returned in the evening. Read some articles in the July 
Scots Magazine, and at night Spotswood. 

Thursday, September Sth. — Read Spotswood to an end ; 
that is from the place at which I began, which was at the 
Accession of Mary, Queen of Scots. He expresses a high 
esteem and affection for James, who was his great bene- 



156 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

factor. Read also some of Moyses's Memoirs,^ which is a 
sort of journal of events from James's assuming the 
Government of Scotland in 1577 till the time of his going 
to England. James Allan returned about 6 from his 
progress to Selkirk and Jedburgh Presbyteries, where he 
finds an interest that, with the rest, makes his success about 
as probable as Monteith's. A son of the late Willy 
Somerville of Hawick ^ came with him from Ancrum, 
in his way to Dunse, and staid here all night. 

Friday, September 9th. — The boy went away early in the 
morning, and James Allan soon after breakfast. Read 
some of Moyses's Memoirs, particularly the account of 
Go wry 's conspiracy as published by the King himself. 
It is a very strange story. Read also the abstract of the 
Militia Act in the Scots Magazine, and some other things. 
Saw a sick girl in the town. 

Saturday, September 10th. — Read out the Scots Magazine, 
and some of Dupin. Got letters from Berwick in the 
evening, and the July Magazine, of which I read some at 
night. Received in a letter from Philip 3 lottery tickets 
for W. Stevenson. He had given orders to register them 
at Edinburgh, but the account sent by W. Rutter of them 
was so defective that they could not be registered, so that 
it was necessary either to make the description of them 
more perfect, or to send the tickets themselves. From 
viewing the tickets, it is evident that Rutter has sent a 
very defective account of them, having ommitted the two 
first figures with the M subjoined, which I suppose express 
the thousands. Thus the number marked 10 M 740, he 
called No. 740. This is an odd blunder. 

Munday, September 12th. — A.m. read the first book of 
Spots wood's history, and in the evening some of the 



1 David Moyse (fl. 1582-1603), clerk to the Council 1582, and in the 
office of King's Secretary 1596 : pubhshed Memoirs of the Affairs of 
Scotland, 15 77- 1603. . 

2 This must have been Thomas Somerville, afterwards the well-known 
minister of Jedburgh, historian of the time of Queen Anne, and also author 
of My Own Life and Times. He was the only son of Wilham Somerville, 
minister of Hawick 1732-57. He was only sixteen at this time. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 157 

second. In these readings I only look to the MS. where I 
suspect a fault, an accurate comparison being too tedious, 
and vix tanti. In the afternoon, according to promise to 
James Allan, went to Robert Scot of Sandy Know to talk 
about his clerkship. Spoke of applying to several elders. 
At night read some of Dupin. In the catalogue of 
ecclesiastical writers of the last century, he mentions him- 
self, and says that in the 1718, the year when he published 
the last edition of his compend, he had published 100 
volumes, of these 50 on the ecclesiastical writers, and was 
still continuing to write. 

Wednesday, September lUh. — Read more of Spots wood 
forenoon and evening, and at night wrought a Httle on 
Will's discourse. P.m. went to Queen's Cairn with Nancy, 
to see the Bailie's wife,^ who has been lying-in. 

Saturday, September 17th. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
read in Spotswood the form of Church Policy presented 
by John Knox and his brethren to the Convention anno 
1560, which is the only part of the volume I had not read 
before. Read also some of Moyses and of Melville. Mel- 
ville's account of Queen Elizabeth is one of the best parts 
of his work. 

Munday, September 19th, — Employed most of the day 
and at night in writing to Will along with his discourse, 
giving the reasons of my corrections and adding some rules 
about composition and delivery. John Ker and his wife 
came here between 5 and 6, and staid all night. 

Wednesday, September 21st. — Led my hay, barley, and 
pease, of the last named of which I have a most miserable 
crop. Read some of the Brandenburgh Memoirs, and 
consulted maps about the Prussian dominions, etc. Even- 
ing read some of Buchannan, and at night read the first 
book of Phaedrus, comparing the late Edinburgh edition, 
according to the proposed emendations of Cunningham, 
with Coustelier's Paris one.^ Both are very correctly 



^ The wife of Cockburn, the baiUe of Langton. 

^ Antoine Urbain Coustelier, publisher and htterateur, Paris, where he 
died 1749. 



158 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

printed, and as to Cunningham's emendations,^ they have 
in some instances the appearance of considerable improve- 
ments, but in most I should prefer the old readings. 

Thursday, September 22nd. — Rode to Eccles with Nancy 
en croupe before dinner, and sate till the evening. Read 
in the evening some of the Iliad, and at night the second 
book and part of the third of Phaedrus. 

Friday, September 23rd. — Read some of Spotswood in 
the life of Queen Mary, transcribing the chronology of 
remarkable events according to a plan begun last winter, 
but which it would require much time to bring to any 
maturity. Miss Maddy Pringle here at tea. Read more 
of Phaedrus. 

Saturday, September 2Uh. — Read some of Melville's 
Memoirs along with Moyses, writing some dates in the 
former out of the latter. Read in the evening some of 
Homer, and at night Phaedrus. Minna Dawson here 
assisting Nancy to quilt. 

Tuesday, September 27th. — Robert Turnbull came before 
dinner and staid till the evening. Had a walk with him 
in the afternoon to the Linn. Read in the evening the 
Iliad, and at night got to the end of Phaedrus, who is a 
writer of great elegance. Many of Cunningham's proposed 
emendations are very judicious. 

Thursday, September 29th. — Rode to Twisel to see the 
Esquire before he leaves the country. Found him with 
Isaac Wood at partridge-shooting, at which he continued 
till 4 p.m. Philip came also here, and we staid with 
him all night. 

Friday, September SOth. — Blake had an appointment 
with Ker of Etill to shoot again. Attended them at 
that work till 4 p.m., and was sufficiently fatigued. Had 
some entertainment too, for they are very good shooters, 
and the game was pretty plentiful. Mr. Blake has his 
son with him, who is a Cambridge scholar, and promises 



1 Alexander Cunningham, Professor of Scots Law in Edinburgh Uni- 
versity 1698 : published editions of Horace, Virgil, and Phaedrus, the 
last in 1757. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 159 

to be a very good one.^ Had a good deal of entertaining 
talk with the Esquire on Thursday night, but his long 
stay in the country seems to have cut him off from 
all literary intelligence. Came home betwixt 8 and 9, 
sufficientlv tired. 

Tuesday, October Mh. — At the Presbytery, where Will 
delivered the last of his tryals, and was licensed. He 
acquitted himself, on the whole, very tolerably. Drank 
some punch at Wood's with Messrs. TurnbuUs, and came 
home betwixt 7 and 8. Read last week's Edinburgh 
papers. Journalized and looked to a sermon for Kelso 
to-morrow. 

Thursday, October 6th. — Finished the work of dating 
Melville from Moyses. I know not that the latter can be 
employed to a better use. Read Homer in the evening. 
Past 9, James Allan arrived. He wrote me he was to be up 
the country this week, but I had given over expecting him. 

Friday, October 7th. — Hesitated long about setting out 
for Hawick in the morning to Laurie's admission, whither 
we were both bound. However, the rain going off, we set 
out a little after 8, and were at Hawick at 12. Matthew 
Dysart kept his appointment with me of being at Kelso 
at 6, where he waited half an hour. Got some of the 
conclusion of John Cranston's work.^ Eat and drank till 
the evening, and set out for Glen's ^ with Laurie, Monteith, 
Matthew Dysart, and Cupples. Francis Scot and Willy 
Home of Polwarth came over to us from Cavers, and we 
spent the night with a good deal of glee. 

^ Sir Francis Blake's eldest surviving son, afterwards Sir Francis, second 
Bart. : his elder brother Robert, a youth of extraordinary promise and 
expectation, had died in 1754 at the age of twenty : Francis was now 
about that age : he subsequently raised a regiment of infantry called ' the 
Gold Spinks,' and -spent ^80,000 in the building of a castle (Fowberry 
Tower) on the banks of the Till, which was never finished. 

2 That is, arrived near the end of his sermon. John Cranstoun was 
minister of Ancrum from 1733 till his death in 1790. 

^ Alexander Glen, minister of Kirkton, near Hawick, 1751 : translated 
to Galashiels, where Carlyle and his wife visited him 1767, and to Dirleton 
1769, of which parish his father had been minister. His son, James, took 
orders in the Church of England, and another son, Nisbet, was a Com- 
mander R.N. 



160 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

Saturday, October 8th. — Cupples, Matthew Dysart, a lad 
they call Potts 1 from Glen's parish to preach for Cupples 
or Willy Home (who, with Monteith, staid behind), and 
myself set out from Kirkton in the morning, and got here 
to dine, where James Allan, bv the way of Riddell, whither 
he had gone last night, arrived just before us. All went 
off about 4. Afterwards dozed, and look'd to my lecture 
for to-morrow. Never was in Teviotdale before farther 
than Jedburgh. The ride from Mount Teviot to Hawick 
is a very pleasant one. A fine country of corn fields and 
gently rising green hills on both sides of the Teviot with 
some well-situated gentlemen's seats and villages. I have 
not seen so fine a strath. Minto Craigs and Greenhill on 
one side, and the lofty situation of Cavers and Rowberlaw 
on the other, are very fine objects. Hawick, itself, is a 
prettily situated town, with its waters, bridges, gardens; 
and green hills around it, which are disposed at such a 
distance as not to cover or crowd it. 

Sunday, October 9th. — After lecturing at home, rode to 
Kelso, where I preached in the schoolhouse on 2 Timothy, 
1 to 10, about an hour. Will preached to the people here 
p.m. After dining and drinking tea at Mr. Lundy's, 
James Turnbull, who came from Linton to preach in 
the school p.m., went with me to the Doctor's, where 
we slept. Jenny Home there, a very good, sensible 
lass. 

Munday, October 10th. — Breakfasted in the Doctor's, 
and then rode to M'Kerston, where I preached on 1 John, 
3. 2. Colleagued with Alexander Duncan. Innes there 
and his daughter, also Hog and Richardson. Came home 
in the evening. 

Wednesday, October llth.^ — John Miller, now an M.D., 



^ Probably Robert Potts, who had been licensed by the Presbytery of 
Kelso in 1754 : minister of Ettrick 1772 to 1780, when he demitted and 
became minister of the Presbyterian congregation at Penruddock, Cumber- 
land. 

2 The dates go wrong here. In 1757 the nth of October fell on a 
Tuesday, and this is correctly given. The dates continue wrong till 
Friday, 21st October, which is right. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 161 

came before dinner, and staid till about 4. Delved some 
ground for tulips. Evening read Buchannan with 
Ruddiman's notes, which are very exact and useful. 
Read at night some of the last book of Quintilian. Had a 
letter at night from Mr. Waite, in which he informs us 
that all our stock of tickets were drawn blanks before last 
Friday, except 5. Mine are all amongst the blanks, which 
puts an end to my castle building, in which I have often 
indulged since I was an adventurer in this affair. Philip's 
single one was among the undrawn, also 3 of Mr. Waite' s 
own, and one of those he gave his wife and children. 

Friday, October ISth. — Walter Scot came here in the 
morning to breakfast. We looked over Mr. Allan's list 
of voters, which he left with me some time ago, and after 
making alterations, from what has since happened, we 
still made a majority of 5 or 6 on his side. Walter rode 
to Kelso with me, whither I went to take the case of the 
payment of my window tax, for which to-morrow is the 
last day. Not having the sum, I borrowed 25 shillings 
from Mr. Lundy to make it up. Dined in Mr. Lundy's 
with Wm. Scot, Robert Turnbull, John Cleghorn, and 
Wm. Stevenson. Call'd at Mr. Dawson's and the library 
p.m. Came home in the evening and found here 
the Misses Ridpaths of Angelraw, May handsome and 
sprightly. 

Saturday, October 14<th. — The Misses Ridpaths staid till 
after dinner. Then, with Will and Nancy, they walked 
to Sprouston, where they wanted to see Alexander 
Stevenson, an old acquaintance. Did something for 
to-morrow, and read a considerable part of the July and 
August Review, with the Appendix for last semestre, all 
which I brought with me from Kelso yesterday. 

Munday, October IQth. — Our guests (May a very sweet 
one) staid till after dinner. Set them, with Will and 
Nancy, to Kenniston-Heads. Afterwards read Buchannan 
and some of the Reviews. 

Tuesday, October 17th, — Planted my tulips, and read 
Reviews to an end. Mrs. Lee of N[ewton ?] Mill, Miss Cv 
Dawson, Aly and Betty Pollock here p.m. Set the two 



162 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

latter in their way home beyond Nether Lees. Read some 
of Homer. 

Wednesday, October 18th. — James Allan came here about 
10, to make his last tour about the clerk's office. Staid 
all day and night. Mr. Lundy came before dinner and 
staid all night. I was at Home, two or three hours about 
mid-day, to settle our accounts about the meal bought 
for the use of the poor. Could not finish that matter, 
but brought the proper materials home with me. 

Thursday, October 19th. — Mr. Allan set out on his rounds 
betwixt 7 and 8 in the morning. Lundy staid till after 
breakfast. Then spent great part of the day on the 
accounts of the poor's meal. Evening read Homer, and 
slept on something in a Review. 

Friday, October 21st. — Read and amused variously. 
Saw R. Gotrie in the afternoon, who was very ill of a sore 
throat. Ordered him to be blooded under the tongue, 
which was done in the evening. Having fasted almost 
two days, he fell after the blooding into a deliquium, 
which continued, as I was told, an hour, and made all the 
people about him think he was gone. Saw him as he was 
recovering out of it. His throat grew better next morning. 
Read in the evening the first book of Buchannan almost 
to an end, where I met with some things new to me about 
the Western Islands. 

Saturday, October 22nd. — James Allan came back before 
dinner by way of Kelso, where he had been all last night 
with Lundy. Saw some great folks, his friends, in the 
company there, at the Assemblies, which have been held the 
three preceeding nights. He set out for Ligertwood to 
see Guland,^ and I went to Whitsum, after dinner. 
Reached Withsum about day-light going. Talked a great 
deal about the Clerkship affair, etc. 

Sunday, October 2Srd. — Lectured on Psalm 16. Preached 
on 1 John, 3. 2. Cold work, the roof of John Waugh's 
kirk being mostly open in order to be recovered with slate. 
Dined at Waugh's. Called on horseback at John Lee's 



1 William Gullan, minister of Legerwood 1753-92. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 163 

and Cupples's, and came home between 6 and 7. James 
Allan preached for me. 

Munday, October 2Uh. — James Allan set out for Martin,^ 
and I went to Kelso to the Presbytery for Privy Censure. 
Saw Willy Walker there, who has not chosen an elder, tho' 
he promised one for Mr. Allan. This is the effect of weak- 
ness, and perhaps of some degree of forgetfulness, against 
much influence on the other side. Dr. Gibson was also 
chosen yesterday elder from the Kelso session by the 
influence of W. Ker among the elders. How this was 
obtained I do not know; perhaps by Abraham. Drank 
tea in Dr. Gibson's. Came home in the evening, and read 
Saturday's newspapers, where there is nothing very con- 
siderable. James Allan did not come from Marting and 
Sandy Know till near 11. 

Tuesday, October 25th. — Went to the Synod with James 
Allan. Got to Kelso about 11. The affair of the clerk- 
ship was decided in the forenoon sederunt, and Monteith 
carried it by 8 majority, of which two were Lindsay, 
correspondent from Dumfries and his elder. Afternoon 
went through last Synod's minutes. Supped in Purves's, 
where were the rivals, and a good many others. Very 
hearty. Slept in Mr. Lundy's. 

Wednesday, October 26th. — Breakfasted in Mr. Dawson's. 
Synod rose betwixt 2 and 3. Heard the cause of Fogo on 
an appeal by Lord Home's agents against the sentence. of 
the Presbytery of Dunse appointing a moderation for 
Willy Home as the King's presentee. But as an action of 
Declarator of Home's right is depending before the Court 
of Session, and the Presbytery had not such documents of 
the Crown's possession as they expect they may hereafter 
be able to obtain, the cause, with consent of both parties, 
was delayed till next Synod. Then, after going through 
ordinary forms, the Synod rose. Din'd with a good deal 
of company in Mr. Lundy's. Drank tea in Dobby's. 
Called at Mr. Dawson's, and came home about 9. 



1 Martin, or as it is spelt further on Marting, is Merton, of which James 
Innes, formerly mentioned, was minister. 



164 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

Thursday, October 27th. — Set out with James Allan for 
Eyemouth, chiefly to see Colvill. Intended to dine at 
Mains, ^ where James Allan had some business, but being 
too late, dined on what we could get at Sandy Home's, 
Chyrnside. Drank tea at Mains's, where are two fine 
women, sisters-in-law to Mains, the one, lady to Major 
Dundas, the other to young Dalrymple of Dreghorn, the 
Advocate. The latter in particular is a celebrated beauty, 
but I did not see her to advantage. Got to Eyemouth 
betwixt 8 and 9. Found Colvill much better. All his 
complaints, which were chiefly of the low-spirited, nervous 
kind, are greatly diminished. These have been so con- 
siderable, that for some time he had almost despaired of 
being able to go to Edinburgh. 

Friday, October 28th. — Dined in Andrew Edgar's. Drank 
tea in Slatehouse's, and supped in Mrs. Crow's, w^hose 
daughters are grown fine and handsome girls, especially 
the eldest and two youngest. 

Munday, October ^Ist. — Rode to Ednam, where I spent 
the day assisting Mas Thomas in writing a letter to 
G. Wallace about the affair of the kirk. Came home in the 
evening, and found here, sent me by Balfour,^ Renault's 
AbrSgS Chronologique, which I had commissioned when 
in the town in summer. Looked over a good deal of it 
evening and night. 

Tuesday, November 1st. — Nancy, Will, and Aly Steven- 
son came home about mid-day from Angelraw, whither 
Nancy and Aly had gone on Saturday. Rest of the day 
chiefly look'd over the Abrige Chronologique, and at night 
read some of the Polymetis, where the account of the 
Roman poetry and poets is but poor. 

Wednesday, November 2nd. — Mr. Lundy came here 
before dinner, also Robert Turnbull. Lundy went to 
M'Kerston immediately after dinner. Robert Turnbull 



1 Mains, in the parish of Chimside, was in the possession of John Mow 
or MoUe : he married Margaret Crow, probably a sister-in-law of Ridpath's 
friend Mrs. Crow. 

2 Probably Elphinstone Balfour, the bookseller in Edinburgh. He 
was a cadet of the Balfours of Pilrig. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 165 

and his niece walked homewards about 4. Read in the 
evening some of the beginning of the second Iliad, and at 
night more of Polymetis, where the cuts are exceedingly 
beautiful, but the printing incorrect. 

Munday, November 7th. — At Hardy's Mill -Place and 
Home before dinner, seeing sick. P.m. went with Nancy 

to Sir Robert's, where we sate till after supper. T y 

Hall there, a spnsible woman, when she is in a humour for 
showing herself so. 

Tuesday, November Sth. — Set out with Nancy about 12 
for Sprouston, according to arrangement last week. John 
Cleghorn and his wife there, and Aly Pollock. Staid all 
night. 

Wednesday, November 9th. — Went from Sprouston to 
the Presbytery, where we were all, excepting Mr. Lundy. 
Had a pair, accused of adultery, before us from Joseph 
Leek's parish. Drank tea in Mr. Dawson's,. and attended 
a library meeting, where we found ourselves so much in 
arrear, that we could commission no books. It will take 
all that we can raise for a twelvemonth to discharge 
what is already owing. Lodged in Mr. Lundy's with 
Messrs. Chatto, Dysart, and Robert Turnbull. 

Thursday, November 10th. — Was just about setting out 
with Matthew Dysart for Eccles in his chaise, which had 
returned yesterday from carrying John Aitchison to 
Edinburgh, when both he and I were prevailed with to go 
to Sprouston along with James Turnbull and Andrew 
Chatto to eat a goose with Robert. Dobby also there, 
and Doctor Miller. The afternoon was so bad that all of 
us, excepting Dobby, staid all night. Very cheerful. I 
had contracted, however, a cold by wanting my great-coat 
on Tuesday and Wednesday, which produced a hoarseness, 
and a considerable degree of a toothache at night. 

Friday, November 11th. — Came home before dinner. 
A good deal distrest with my cold and toothache. Read 
some of J. Dalrymple's book on Feudal Property,^ which 
I got on Wednesday from the library. 

1 Sir John Dalrymple, fourth Baronet of Cranstoun, advocate 1748 : 
Baron of Exchequer 1 776-1 807. His best known work is his Memoirs of 



166 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

Saturday, November 12th. — Remarkable streamers at 
night, issuing from the zenith chiefly from E. to W., with 
an appearance above the southern horizon hke the Aurora 
Boreahs. I saw them in the morning evolving and moving 
very rapidly. Prepared for to-morrow, and read last 
August London Magazine, where there are some good 
things from the last published Philosophical Transactions. 
Attended a mason repairing the parlour hearth, which he 
did very bunglingly. 

Wednesday, November 16th. — Rode to Kelso a.m., where 
I din'd with Mr. Lundy. After dinner, rode over with 
him to Linton, where I should have dined according to 
engagement last week at Sprouston, but Mr. Lundy being 
detained by some parish business, I waited till he could go 
along. Robert Turnbull and John Cleghorn at Linton, 
where we all staid all night. 

Thursday, November 17th. — Went all over to Morbattle 
to dine, and staid there all night. Had a sore attack of 
the toothache in the evening, which was at last quieted 
by putting some cotton full of mustard into the hollow 
of the sore tooth. Was apprehensive of this consequence 
of my travelling in winter weather, and ought to have 
staid at home, especially as I had the prospect so near 
of an Edinburgh journey. 

Friday, November 18th. — Set out from Morbattle be- 
tween 11 and 12, and rode over to Sprouston with Robert 
and Mr. Lundy, where we dined. Applied still the 
mustard cataplasm all day, which kept me tolerably easy. 
Came home in the evening, and read a good deal of 
Dalrymple's Feudal Property. Slept on the Iliad. 

Saturday, November 19th. — Read all that I had not 
read before of John Dalrymple's book. It is a very enter- 
taining work, even to one of my imperfect knowledge of 



Great Britain and Ireland, 3 vols. 1771. He wrote also on Entails, was 
an expert chemist, and invented a process for making soap from herrings! 
The work referred to in the text is his Essay towards a General History 
of Feudal Property in Great Britain under various heads, published in 1757, 
which went through several editions in a few years. He was a strong 
supporter of Jol^n Home, the author of Douglas, in the General Assembly. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 167 

the law, but perhaps would have afforded more, both of 
instruction and entertainment, had it been in some 
articles more detailed. A conciseness is studied in it, 
with a view perhaps, to resemble Montesquieu, but it is 
the talent only of a few to please as he does, with the 
brevity which he always affects and maintains. 

Monday, November 21st. — Set out for Edinburgh betwixt 
7 and 8, din'd at Channel-kirk, and stopt a while at Fala, 
having found Pat Simpson on our road. Got to Edinburgh 
about 6. Took up our quarters a,t Paxton*s in the Grass- 
Market. After dressing, went over to Mr. Wallace's and 
supped. 

Tuesday, November 22nd.- — Breakfasted and din'd in 
Mr. Laurie's. Supped again in Mr. Wallace's. As to our 
cause, Lord Home's people applied at the opening of the 
Session for a renewal of the diligence for production of 
papers, which was granted them till last day of this month. 

Wednesday, November 2Srd. — Breakfasted in James 
Davidson's, and din'd and drank tea in Clerk Home's. 
David there, and we had a good deal of entertaining 
conversation, of which the principal subjects were the King 
of Prussia, who is David's hero, and the Duke of Cumberland, 
who is as low in his opinion as the other is high. Sate a 
while with Willy Temple in his room in Professor Robert- 
son's in the College. James Allan and Colvill cast up at 
Mr. Laurie's in the evening. Went with them to Herriot's 
work, where Colvill ^ enters to one of the fittest and best 
places for him that could have been thought of. I wish 
he may keep his health, which he has now pretty well 
recovered. 

Thursday, November 24^/j. — Breakfasted in Herriot's 
Work Hospital with Hepburn, one of the Masters, who 
invited the Governor, Allan, and myself last night. Took 
a view of the building, which is one of the handsomest 
and most compleatly finished about the City, as its situation 



1 James Colville was probably a schoolmaster in Ridpath's neighbour- 
hood. He was appointed House Governor of Heriot's Hospital on ist 
August i757y»and held office for nearly twelve years. 



168 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

is one of the most pleasant. Din'd with Robert TurnbuU 
at Professor Stevenson's. Drank tea at Mr. Laurie's with 
Willy Temple. James Allan came to us, and I went with 
him to James Davidson's, who, after raving a while to us, 
fell into a most profound sleep. Hepburn was also there 
at supper, and Robert Turnbull. James Allan and 
Hepburn went with Robert and me to our quarters, where 
we drank some punch till about 12. 

Friday, November 25th. — Breakfasted in Mr. Laurie's, 
and got him to price the articles of the account of things 
I have got from him, which I could never get done before. 
Nothing can be more friendly than Gilbert is, and there 
are few men to whom I am more obliged. Saw John Home, 
who has been ill 3 or 4 davs and seemed to be threatened 
with a slow fever, which, I believe, is at an end, by a 
copious sweat he had last night. Willy Home and his 
wife are in Town, having brought in their eldest son to the 
College,^ and Willy being also looking after his Togo affair, 
in which Lord Home's people have not yet done anything. 
Willy, Robert Turnbull, and I dined in Mr. Wallace's. 
After dinner Robert and I set out for Borthwick, where 
we arrived betwixt 6 and 7. Thomas Turnbull's familv 
in distress by sore throats, to which he and his children are 
uncommonly subject. 

Saturday, November 26th. — Set out from Borthwick 
about 9. Stopp'd at the pimping ^ house at Wyndpath 
Ford, where we got porter, bread, a dram, and herrings. 
Got home a little after sunset. . Dozed and did something 
for to-morrow. Read also some part of Sir James Stuart's 
defence of Sir Isaac Newton's Chronology of the Ancient 
Greeks,^ a work which David Home lent me, and desired 
my observations on it. It seems to be very ingenious. 

Wednesday, November SOth. — Thanksgiving day appointed 



1 Willy Home's eldest son was Walter, afterwards Colonel, 42nd High- 
landers. He was now fifteen. • 

2 Small mean house of refreshment on the road. 

^ A vindication of Newton's Chronology, by Sir James Steuart of 
Coltness, Bart, (afterwards Sir James Steuart - Denham) : pubUshed in 
French 1757. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 169 

by the Synod for the good harvest and crop. Preached 
on Psalm 107. 43. Read in the evening Sir James Stuart's ^ 
Apology almost to an end. Being thoroughly master of 
his subject by the clearness and precision wherewith he 
explains Sir Isaac's system, and overthrows the objections 
and contrary systems of his adversaries. 

Thursday, December 1st. — Read Sir James Stuart's 
Apology almost to an end. Being thoroughly master of 
his subject, he has pretty easy work with his adversaries, 
particularly Shuckford, whom he very justly laughs at. 
Read also to an end of Mr. Brown's celebrated work on the 
manners and principles of the times, ^ which came from 
Sir Robert's. Had read some part of it in the 2 or 3 
preceeding days. It cannot be said to be altogether void 
of genius or literary merit, tho' its fame has been extra- 
vagantly beyond these. The language is, in general, harsh, 
and licences assumed in it which Mr. Brown's rank in the 
scale of genius gives him no title to. The sentiments and 
reasonings have almost nothing that deserve the name of 
new, and the draughts of characters are often caricatures. 

Friday, December 2nd. — Read Sir James Stuart's 
Apology to an end. I am not perfectly master of the 
astronomical part of it, tho' it seems to be both dis- 
tinctly detailed and well defended. Read a good deal 
of Polymetis. 

Tuesday, December 6th. — ^Walked to Kelso to the Presby- 
tery, where we had some scandals. Drank tea at Mr. 
Dawson's, and was afterwards with some co-presbyters 
in Waldie's, revising his and the bookseller's accounts, 
being members of a committee appointed for that purpose 
at last quarterly meeting. Made some objections to some 



1 Ridpath is quite impartial as to the spelling of the author's name, 
and he is always wrong : it was Steuart. 

2 John Brown (1715-66), son of a curate in Northumberland, was a 
voluminous author of plays, sermons, and essays. He is best known as 
the author oi An estimate of the Manners and Principles of the Times, 
which was published in 1757, and obtained much popularity, going through 
seven editions in a year. He had always an ill-balanced mind, and being 
forbidden by his doctors to go to Russia to take up an appointment there, 
he committed suicide in 1766. 



170 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1757 

articles in the bookseller's account. Slept in Mr. Lundy's, 
where were also Andrew Chatto and Robert Turnbull. 

Thursday, December Sth. — Spent the day on the poor's 
accounts, which, as usual, have been very inaccurately 
kept. I must be obliged, I believe, to mark things myself. 
Two of the elders here counting the box. W. Stevenson 
came to tea. After he was gone, spent some more time on 
poor's accounts, and read the last newspapers, where there 
is not much of consequence. Read also the addresses of 
Lords and Commons, which are abundantly loyal. Slept 
on Scots Magazine. Sent Charles to Kelso to sell Sir 
Robert's stipend barley, which was delivered yesterday. 
He sold it to Alexander Ramsay for 18 shillings the 
Boll. 

Tuesday, December ISth. — Set out with Robert Turnbull 
and his niece, James Turnbull and Mr. Lundv for Berwick, 
according to agreement last week. Got there to dine. 
Spent evening and night in Mr. Waite's, where all are well 
and in good spirits. 

Thursday, December 15th. — Call'd a.m. at my aunt's, 
who is looking very well on't. Set out about 12 with 
Robert Turnbull, Lundy, and Philip, for Eymouth. Got 
on the road one of the bitterest showers of hail in our face 
that ever I was abroad in. Drank tea at Nether-Byres, and 
called at Andrew Edgar's. He and Mrs. Edgar were at 
supper with us in James's.^ 

Saturday, December 17th. — Set out from Berwick about 
12, and got here betwixt 4 and 5. Philip, who gave the 
vacancy yesterday,^ came along with us, but went with 
Mr. Lundy to preach for him to-morrow. He had a letter 
yesterday from G. Wallace about the Hutton affair, which 
was at last debated before the Ordinary on Thursday, 
when Lord Home's lawyers mentioned an Act of Parlia- 
ment Anno 1644, giving Hutton to Lord Home, and a 
charter following on this Act. This Parliament was one 
of those that were annulled after the Restoration. They 



^ That is, at James Allan's, the minister at Eyemouth. 
' Broke up his school for the Christmas vacation. 



1757] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 171 

also pretended that minorities in the family would save 
the prescription. What is in these pleas will soon be tried, 
for informations are ordered to be given in liinc inde. If 
the Act of Parliament and Charter have no force, I am 
not afraid of the time of prescription being rendered too 
short by minorities. Did something for to-morrow, and 
read some of last October Magazine. 

Wednesday, December 'list. — Read Polymetis, being to 
return it to-morrow. Have read it all except a few pages. 
It is on the whole a very valuable collection, the fruit of 
long attention and great labour. The sculptures are after 
the best antiques, and are very beautifully executed. The 
explications and illustrations of them discover a consider- 
able portion of good sense, taste, and genius, and a great 
deal of classical erudition, tho' the composition is much 
disfigured by priggish, conceited airs. Look'd also a while 
into the Acts of the Covenanting Assemblies in search of 
something I could not find. Slept on the AbregS Chrono- 
logique. 

Thursday, December 22nd. — Dobby here at dinner and till 
the evening. Look'd over the second vol. of Rutherforth's 
System of Natural Philosophy,^ which I got to-day from the 
library with a view of looking to what he has about Sir 
Isaac Newton's Chronology. Slept on Clarke's Caesar,^ 
which Dobby has had for some time and brought wdth 
him to-day. 

Friday, December 2Srd. — Walked to Eccles before dinner 
and staid all night. Nan has had a new attack of her 
blood-spitting, but is better. Look'd to the Acts of the 
Covenanting Parliaments, which Mr. Dysart happens to 
have. Saw a title in the unprinted Acts for 1644, which 
must refer to the Act my Lord Home's lawyers have men- 
tioned in the Hutton affair. It is called a Ratification in 



1 Thomas Rutherforth (1712-71), Regius Professor of Divinity, Cam-, 
bridge : published a System of Natural Philosophy. 

2 Samuel Clarke (1675-1729), a disciple of Sir Isaac Newton : rector 
of St. James, Westminster, 1709 : master of Wigston's Hospital, Leicester, 
1718 : founder of the intellectual school which deduced the moral law 
from a logical necessity : edited Caesar 17 1-2. 



172 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

the favour of the Earl of Hume. Diverted with some 
other things in that collection. 

Saturday, December 2^ih. — Came home from Eccles 
before dinner. Read almost all last September and some 
of October Review, In the former there is a critique on 
Wilkie which is most immoderately and ridiculously severe. 

Munday, December 26th. — Read the Review of September 
and October to an end. Laurie in his return from Hawick 
to Langtown, where he has been this fortnight, called 
before dinner and staid all night. Diverted us with 
Riccalton's ^ behaviour on [the] occasion of Boston's de- 
mission, which was given in to their last Presbytery. 

1758 

Munday, January 2nd. — Sent Charles to Berwick for 
Nancy in the morning. Philip and I walked to Mains, 
where were the Gordon-Bank people, ^ also Captain Archi- 
bald Don, at present in the country with his mother, and 
Home of Bowden and his wife.^ Came home in the even- 
ing after drinking a modicum of punch, which made us feel 
the road much more tolerable than we thought it in the 
morning. T. Dudgeon here, from whom we bought some 
things. Read some of AbrigS Chronologique. 

Tuesday, January 3rd, — Philip and I walked to the 
Presbytery, where was very little business. Drank tea in 
Dobby's, where also Andrew Chatto and I lay. Lundy 
had for his guests Patterson, chaplain to the Regiment of 
Gray Dragoons, with his wife, a very young girl, whom he 
carried lately off from her relations in the S. of England, 
and married her in Scotland. He, himself, is originally of 
Selkirk, and has been staying some time there, but the 
quarters not being agreeable to his wife, he has come to 
Kelso to seek a lodging, and till he be provided, he 
quarters himself upon Mr. Lundy, to whom Trotter recom- 
mended him. Patterson looks like fifty, is heavy, and of 



1 Robert Riccalton, minister of Hobkirk 1725-69. See p. 199, n. 2. 

2 Gordon-Bank, parish of Chirnside, was the property of George Gordon. 
' James Home's wife's name was Mary Ormiston. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 173 

a mean behaviour, whence it may be concluded that the 
animal who has clung to him and followed him so far, is 
not of the highest order. We saw her next morning. She 
is not un-handsome, seems to be very young, and her mien 
and behaviour show her to be quite raw and low-bred. 
Such guests does poor Lundy's excessive hospitality and 
great want of discernment in characters expose him to be 
plundered by. [sic] Philip lay with him. James Turnbull 
staid in Wood's, and Robert Turnbull was sent for in the 
evening to go home. 

^Wednesday, January Uh, — Was informed in the morning 
that my horse had not returned last night with Nancy. 
The badness of the day prevented her setting out. Our 
choir 1 being engaged to go to M'Kerston, Philip and I 
rode part of the way behind Chatto and James Turnbull, 
but I walked most of it along with James Turnbull, taking 
the way by Broxlaw along the banks of the Tweed and 
through M'Kerston's parks ; a very pleasant road. Dined 
at M'Kerston, and staid there all night. 

Thursday, January 5th. — Charles brought down our 
horses a.m. to M'Kerston, and informed us that mv mother 
is no worse. Set out for Morbattle a.m., and got there 
to dine. Took a little survey in passing, of Dirleton's ^ 
late improvements at Marlefield. He has made a con- 
siderable progress in opening and levelling a fine extensive 
lawn before his house, which was formerly shut up by a 
stiff, contracted, Dutch policy. Spent the night at Mor- 
battle very agreeably. Mrs. Chatto is a nurse, and both 
she and her boy are in the most thriving, healthy state 
that can be. 

Friday, January 6th. — Crost over to Linton, where we 
dined and staid all night. Learned so much of the move- 



1 Sic in MS., but it can hardly mean a church choir. Such aids to 
praise were not known, in the country at all events, in 1758. It probably 
merely signifies the band of people, Ridpath and his friends, who were 
going from Kelso to Mackerston. 

2 WiUiam Nisbet of Dirleton, grandmaster of the Freemasons in Scot- 
land : married 1747 Mary, only child and heiress of Andrew Hamilton of 
Pencaitland : progenitor of the Nisbet-Hamiltons. 



174 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

merits of the game of chess, as to be amused by seeing 
others play at it. 

Saturday, January 7th. — Left Linton betwixt 11 and 12, 
and got home about 2. Found my mother much in the 
way we left her. Did something for to-morrow. 

Munday, January 9th. — Philip set out for Berwick in 
the morning. I went to Home to see sick. Evening, 
began to read over again Sir J[ames] Stewart's work, 
in which I also corrected the errors marked in the table 
prefixed, which I see is not a compleat one. 

Wednesday, January 11th. — Read some more of t*he 
History of the Fabulous and Heroick Times of Greece in 
the Universal History, which, in that part, as in too many 
others, is very carelessly and very poorly executed. 
Read also a little of the beginning of Hooke's vindication 
of Sir Isaac's Chronology of the Kings of Rome.^ Hooke 
gives considerable verbatim extracts from Sir Isaac's 
work. Read also some of November Scots Magazine. 
Dr. Miller came betwixt 6 and 7, and staid all night. He 
still greatly commends the Vinum Benedictum for its 
use in fevers, which it often carries off in 2 or 3 days' 
time. 

Thursday, January 12th. — John Miller was sent for early 
in the morning. Shaved a.m. and received Sir Robert's 
money stipend. P.m. went to Ednam. Mas Thomas a 
good deal f reeled ^ with his late cough and attack of the 
gout which has confined him for some weeks. Slept soon 
on Sir Isaac's Chronology. 

Friday, January 13th. — Read Scots (November) Magazine 
to an end, and was reading some of Sir J. Steuart's Apology, 
when John Hume of Greenlaw and Cupples arrived. They 
dined and staid all night. John Ker came also before 



1 This was probably the first vol. of the Roman History, by Nathaniel 
Hooke, pubUshed in 1738, to which was prefixed Remarks on the History 
of the seven Roman Kings occasioned by Sir Isaac Newton's objections in 
his Chronology of Antient Kingdoms Amended to the supposed 244 years 
of the Royal State of Rome. The second volume of his history was 
dedicated to the Earl of Marchmont. 

2 An unusual word : probably meaning ' made frailer.' 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 175 

dinner, where he had been seeing his son, who has been 
very ill of a rheumatick fever. He has carried in Peggy 
to attend him. 

Saturday, January IMh. — Guests went away betwixt 
11 and 12. Afterwards John Watson came and agreed 
with me about my stipend oats, which were this day 
received and delivered. He staid and dined. Afterwards 
did something for to-morrow, and transcribed in the 
evening into this year's Almanach the articles of accounts 
for current month. Slept on Hooke's account of the 
Chronology of the Roman Kings. 

Sunday, January 15th. — Many strangers in the kirk, 
both Ednam and Nenthorn wanting preaching. Got a 
letter at last from John Davidson, in which he informs me 
that there had not yet been any consultation in the Hutton 
affair, which he ascribes to delays on the part of Lord 
Home's doer, in giving a note of facts on their side to be 
laid before our lawyers. This, however, he writes me, 
was promised on Thursday, and expected also that day to 
have a consultation. 

Tuesday, January 17th. — Examin'd town's people in the 
kirk, first time this season. Mr. Dawson here at dinner. 
Miss Peggy Pringle called in the evening. Wrought more 
on Sir J. Steuart's Apology, and made myself quite master 
of the astronomical part of it. 

Wednesday, January 18th. — Examined again in the 
kirk. Read Sir J.'s Apology again to an end. Look'd 
over Wolff's Astronomy for an account of the procession 
of the equinoxes, but could not find it. Read also almost 
to an end Hooke's Chronology of the Roman Kings, where 
he employs almost the same reasoning against Shuckford, 
with [? while] Sir James Whiston, it seems, who is also a 
writer against Sir Isaac's system, falls into the same 
blunder with Shuckford. 

Thursday, January 19th. — Was in the forenoon at the 
burial of a young child of G. Laurie's. Read afterwards 
Hooke's Chronology of the Roman Kings to an end. 
Went to Sir Robert's to tea, and staid till after supper. 
Paid him for some seed corn I got last year. 



176 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

Friday, January 20th. — -Read Hooke's Defence of the 
Authenticity of the Antient Roman History against 
Beaufort. In the evening look'd over butcher's and 
candlemaker's accounts, both of which were sent me from 
Kelso, as I had desired. 

Saturday, January 21st — Robert Turnbull and Mr. 
Lundy came in their way home from Lothian and Edin- 
burgh and dined. By them I learn from G. Wallace, 
that the only delay now of the Hutton cause is the waiting 
the Advocate's leisure to draw a memorial for the Inner 
House. Had some particulars from Robert from his old 
pupil Poyntz, who sent for him to Edinburgh, where he 
has staid some time in his return from a tour through 
Scotland. Read over again in the evening some of the 
most important pieces of Sir James Steuart's Apology. 

Sunday, January 22nd. — Preached at Nenthorn for 
Abraham Ker as he desired me by one of his people last 
Sunday. He has been ill these 10 days of a slow fever, 
but seems to have no bad symptoms. His brother Will ^ 
there. Dined and came home in the evening. 

Munday, January 2Srd. — Walked to Home Byres and 
examined. Came back in the evening and wrote to J. 
Stevenson and G. Wallace about the Hutton affair ; to 
John Stevenson particularly to use his influence with the 
Advocate, to have it before the Inner House before he 
leaves Scotland. Wrote also to Philip. 

Wednesday, January 25th. — Frost keener, and day 

[First volume of the diary ends abruptly, as above, the 
next pages having been torn out : the first entry in the 
next volume is on 20th March 1758.] 

1 William was a farmer at Clerkington. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 177 



VOLUME II 
March 1758 

Tuesday, March 21st. — Robert Turnbull came to dine 
and went away about 4. Looked to some things in the 
Rescinded Acts which I got from Matthew Dysart, and at 
night read John Home's ^gis, which was sent from Sir 
Robert's. There are good speeches in John Home's work, 
and some very noble sentiments ; and in general the 
diction is chaste and simple. But there are faults in the 
plot, above all in the choice of a subject, which the bulk 
of readers are utter strangers to, and at the same time no 
sufficient care has been taken in the conduct of the play 
to make them understand it. It has not succeeded at 
Edinburgh, and I suppose not greatly in London, with 
all the help that Garrick can give it. The criticks, too, 
will be offended at faults in the quantity of Greek 
names.^ 

Wednesday, March 22nd. — ^James Allan came here to 
dine according to agreement, in order to talk over Philip's 
affair, and to come to a resolution about the Presbytery 
doing anything in it. Had desired Andrew Chatto to be 
here also ; but his eldest son, a very promising boy, died 
this morning. After deliberation, James and I agreed 
that we could have no probable benefit from an Assembly's 
decision in our favour that would be in any way equivalent 
to the trouble and expence of a process for obtaining it, 
while at the same time by irritating an antagonist, we 
might very possibly do harm. Resolved, therefore, still 
to await a decision of the Court of Session. 

Thursday, March 2Srd. — James Allan and I went both 
to Ednam to a Presbyterial visitation of manse and kirk 



1 John Home's first play, ^gts, had been offered to and declined by 
Garrick in 1749 ; but this year, probably through the influence of Lord 
Bute, it was brought out at Drury Lane, Garrick and Mrs. Gibber taking 
the principal parts. 

M 



ITS DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

there. James went away soon after dijiner. The Heritors 
had Andrew Potts and John Waldie to appear for them, 
and I suppose without further trouble will agree to re- 
building the Kirk. And as the estimate for repairing 
the Manse and office-houses amounted to upwards of 
£150, I suppose there will also be a new manse in 
the neighbourhood of the Kirk, though perhaps not 
this summer. 

Friday, March 2Hh,. — Matthew Dysart was here to 
dinner. Poor Nan, his daughter, by his account, seems 
to be in a bad way.^ My mother had often a tendency 
to be very ill thro' the day, but yet she was not much 
worse than for several days past. 

Munday, Affile Srd. — Went to Caldsom Brae to baptize 
a child. Got my pease and oats sowed in the glebe. 
Read some of the History of James v. in Drummond, 
whose chief defect as a historian is almost a total negli- 
gence of chronology, in which perhaps he affects to imitate 
some of the antients. 

Tuesday, Aprile Mh. — My mother had a very uneasy 
night : she was very ill after her first awaking about 12, 
and slept little and was worse all day than she has been 
for some time past. I know not whether to ascribe this 
to the rue tea or to the violent cold ; perhaps it is partly 
owing to both. She settled finely, as is often the case, a 
little before going to bed. Went to the Presbytery meet- 
ing, where we gave our decreets for rebuilding the Church 
and repairing the Manse of Ednam ; also chose our 
members (of Assembly), who are Andrew Chatto and 
Robert Hog in their turn, and G. Wallace ruling elder. 
Heard at Kelso that poor Nan Dysart died last night. 
Andrew Chatto was not at the Presbytery, his eldest boy 
being ill of a fever. ^ 



1 Nan Dysart, as may be gathered from previous entries recording 
attacks of haemorrhage, was suffering from phthisis, as great a scourge 
in those days as it is in our own. 

2 The report of his death, given in the entry of 22nd March, seems to 
have been untrue. 



1758] DIARY OP GEORGE RIDPATH 179 

Wednesday, Aprile 5th. — Spent most of the day in 
revising Guthrie's Memoirs : ^ sometimes a,lso for illus- 
tration of what is in them looking into the Rescinded 
Acts and old Acts of Assembly, and extracting from 
Guthrie what related to the behaviour of Lord Home 
during these troubles. Read also a good deal of the 
Scots (February) Magazine, where there is a horrid relation 
of the Black Hole massacre at Calcutta, in June 1756, by 
Holwell, who commanded the Fort when it was taken 
and was driven into the dungeon with the rest. Read 
also several articles in the second part of the Philosophical 
Transactions for 1755; which I brought up yesterday from 
the Library. My mother rested badly last night, but 
was a good deal easier to-day than yesterday. 

Thursday, Aprile 6th. — Went in the afternoon to the 
burial of poor Nan Dysart, where were the neighbouring 
ministers with some gentlemen and farmers of the parish. 
Returned about 6. 

Friday, Aprile 7th. — Wrought a good deal in the garden, 
where I sowed beans. Read some articles in Philosophical 
Transactions, of which I got the second part, for 1756, of 
last vol., 49th, from Kelso. Read at night more of 
Guthrie, and extracted some dates from him. 

Saturday, Aprile 8th. — Attended the measuring of last 
year's crop of barley. Read out Guthrie, marking the 
years on the margin, which it was silly of the printer to 
neglect. Guthrie must, no doubt, be reckoned among 
party writers, but he writes with much more candor and 
sense than almost anybody on the other side. For cer- 
tainly there never was a set of more barbarous, non- 
sensical bigots than the bulk of the Covenanters. 

Munday, Aprile 10th. — Was at Home a.m. seeing sick. 
Wrought in the afternoon a good deal in the garden. At 
night extracted more from Guthrie and the Acts of Parlia- 
ment relating to Lord Home. 



^ Memoirs of Scottish Affairs, Civil and Ecclesiastical, from 1637 to the 
death of Charles I., by the Rev. Henry Guthrie, son of John Guthrie, 
minister of Coupar-Angus. He was minister of Stirling 1632-48 and 1661-65. 
Promoted by Lauderdale to Bishopric of Dunkeld 1665 : died 1676. 



180 DIARY OF GEORGE RIBPATH [1758 

Tuesday, Aprile 11th. — Sowed Nonpareil peas in the 
garden. Read some of the February Magazine and 
appendix. At night read more in the Acts of Parhament 
and Assembly, and I think I have now evidence that the 
Lord Home could not present Patrick Home to Hutton. 

Wednesday y Aprile 12th. — Having heard last night that 
Mr. Dawson was very ill, rode down in the forenoon to 
see him. He got a fall from his horse a fortnight past on 
Munday, from which he felt a pain in his side which has 
continued ever since. Came home to dine. Rode to 
Eccles p.m., where I had not been, except at the burial 
last week, since the end of last year. The Clerk there 
and all pretty well. Dozed at night on Acts of Parlia- 
ment and General Assembly. My mother very in- 
differently. 

Thursday, Aprile ISth. — Wrought almost all day on the 
Acts of Parliament and Assembly and Guthrie's Memoirs, 
in order to compleat my collection about Lord Home and 
others concerned in the settlement of Hutton in 1649, 
and wrote more relating to that subject. From all which 
I have arrived to almost a moral certainty that Patrick 
Home could not be settled by a Presentation from Lord 
Home. Got Lord Home's stipend by Charles from J. 
Hunter. Never got the whole before at one payment. 
My mother easier than for a good while past part of after- 
noon and evening. 

Friday, Aprile IMh. — Finished, I think, what I am able 
to collect or divine relating to P. Home's settlement. 
Read some parts of Burnet relating to the history of that 
period. Compared his account of Balmerino's tryal with 
Guthrie's, from which it would seem that Guthrie is not 
much to be depended on for an exact account of facts, 
for Burnet's account of this matter differs much from 
his : and more credit is due to Burnet's relation, as he 
had in his possession several papers in relation to the 
tryal which his father had preserved, and an extract from 
the tryal itself. 

\Two pages missing in MS,\ 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 181 

Tuesday, May 9th. — Read near to the end of Wishart's 
Memoirs of Montrose,^ a very tolerable translation pub- 
lished two years ago at Edinburgh, of the Latin original, 
which is said to be very elegant. Was some time in the 
garden and glebe, but not much. Nothing comes by last 
Post. In the Newcastle paper it is said that to the Public 
Loan, where 5 millions were wanted 10 were subscribed, 
an amazing specimen of British wealth and public credit 
after all our disappointments and all our grumblings. 

Wednesday, May 10th. — Read Montrose's Memoirs to 
an end, which is very entertaining narrative ; also the 
papers annexed, the most considerable of which is his 
manifesto on his last fatal expedition, and the answer to 
it by the Commission of the Kirk and Committee of the 
Estates. Montrose's paper is but an indifferent one, far 
too full of rhodomontade and abuse. The Commission's 
answer is in the usual stile of the ecclesiastical papers of 
these times. That of the Committee of Estates is, I dare 
say, one of the best-reasoned and best-expressed papers 
of that period, in which they particularly labour to vindi- 
cate themselves from the charge of selling the King. Was 
a good deal in the garden and glebe. 

Thursday, May 11th. — Revised some of Montrose and 
read some of Burnet and some of Rollin,^ who is an excel- 
lent writer. Read also to an end the Scots Magazine for 
March. 

Friday, May 12th. — Read a little of Buchanan ; was 
pretty much in garden and glebe. In the afternoon was 
at Oxmuir ^ seeing William Dickson, who has appeared 
to be dangerously ill for these 2 or 3 days of an ill-formed 
ague. Perhaps, however, he may get the better of it. 
W. Stevenson called in the evening and told me of a 

^ George Wishart (1599-1671), at one time minister of St. Andrews, 
wrote in Latin an A ccount of the Exploits of Montrose, a volume which was 
hung in derision round the neck of that great Royalist when executed 
31st May 1650. 

2 Charles Rollin, French historian (1661-1741), author of Histoire 
Ancienne published in thirteen volumes (1730-38), Posterity has not 
pronounced so favourable a verdict on it as did our diarist. 

^ Oxmuir, a farm in the parish not far from Home Casfle, 



182 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

marriage between Dr. Pringle ^ and his cousin, Mrs. Scot, 
whom Walter Pringle is attending on her road to meet 
the Doctor at York. Sir Robert Pringle and Maddy went 
down with Walter ^ to Berwick on Tuesday, where I sup- 
pose they saw her. Dr. Miller called in the evening and 
left me Francis Home's Principia Medicinae.^ 

Saturday, May 13th. — Prepared for to-morrow and read 
some of Francis Home's book. Was some time in the 
garden and glebe, the south dyke of which Leithead at 
last finished. 

Sunday, May 14^/i. — John Ker was here and Mrs. 
Pollock, Mr. Thomas, her husband, having got the ague. 
I rode up to Oxmuir in the evening to see William Dickson, 
who may still, I think, recover. Philip came at night by 
way of Whitsum. 

Munday, May 15th. — Read some more of Home's Prin- 
cipia Medicinae. Was some time in the garden. Mr. 
Lundy called on his way to Lothian and dined. The 
Misses Pringle were here a while in the afternoon. 

Thursday, May ISth. — Was a good deal in the garden 
and glebe, in the latter gathering quickens * from the 
bear-land, for sowing and dressing which there cannot be 
a finer season. Read some more of Home's book ; have 
almost gone through it, though not in regular order. I 
believe it is a very judicious, faithful, and comprehensive 
abridgement of the Practice of Medicine, as improved by 



* John Pringle, a younger brother of Sir Robert of Stitchel : born 1 707 : 
practised physic in Edinburgh and was made Professor of Moral Philo- 
sophy there in 1733. He afterwards was appointed Physician to the 
British Army, and he became the accepted authority on MiUtary Hygiene : 
created a Baronet 1766 : President of the Royal Society 1772-8 : Physician 
to the King 1774 : died 1782. He was a widower at this time and did 
not marry Mrs. Scott. 

2 Walter Pringle, the sheriff. Sir Robert's brother. 

^ Francis Home, son of James Home, advocate, of Eccles. After 
serving as a surgeon of dragoons in the Seven Years' War, he graduated 
M.D. at Edinburgh in 1750, becoming the first professor of Materia 
Medica in 1768. At the date in the Diary he had just pubHshed his 
Principia Medicinae, a work which went through several editions : died 
1 81 3, aged ninety-three. 

* Quickens, or couch-grass {triticum nepens), a very pestilent weed. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 183 

the best moderns, particularly Hoffman. The stile is in 
general good enough for modern elementary writing. It 
is patched with phrases from Celsus which, perhaps, is not 
so well judged considering in what neighbourhood they 
stand. It is very perspicuous, along with great concise- 
ness, but yet there are so many vernacular idioms in it, 
and some also, I think, faults in grammar, that cannot 
be placed to the account of errors of the press, which are 
very numerous. The work would make a good text for 
Medicinal Praelections, for which, perhaps, it is intended ; 
tho' if it had been kept up till the author had had actual 
occasion for using it, in that way it would have been im- 
proving in his hands, and many would have thought he 
had judged better. But Francis has all along been fond 
of the author trade ; nor do I think that this new work 
will detract anything from the character he deserves from 
his former publications, of an industrious and ingenious 
man. 

Thursday, May 25th. — James Allan, who came here last 
night on his way to Riddell, left us about mid-day, intend- 
ing to dine with Mrs. Scot. Read the rest of the Aprile 
Review, in which the account of foreign articles is very 
good writing. Wrought a good deal in the garden. 

Friday, May 26th. — Read some of Keith's History and 
wrote what occurred, chiefly from the information there, 
relating to the collation to the Provostry of Dunglas by 
John Hamilton, Archbishop of St. Andrews, mentioned 
by Lockhart in his Information for Lord Home in the 
Hutton affair. Wrought a good deal in the garden. 

Saturday, May 27th. — James Allan came here on his 
return from Riddell about 11 a.m. and staid to dine. 
Did something for to-morrow and wrote some more re- 
lating to the Hutton affair. 

Munday, May 29th. — Went to Home a.m. to see sick. 
Mr. Waite and my sister came about 4. Had resolved to 
go to Edinburgh to-day, but Mr. Waite, having wrote me 
by Saturday that he intended to come to-day, resolved 
to wait. 

Tuesday, May 30th. — Set out for Edinburgh about 10, 



184 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

Rode forward to Soutray, where I arrived about 2 J. 
Dined there and got to Edinburgh before 7. Spent the 
evening with Colville, who is in a very comfortable situa- 
tion and in very good health. 

Wednesday, May Slst. — Breakfasted at Mr. Laurie's. 
Went afterwards to Davidson, who distrest- me a good 
deal with telling me that he had heard of an application 
to the Exchequer for the vacant stipend of Hutton, and 
also spoke of the difficulty he would be under of giving 
in a Bill to the Exchequer for the whole expence of Plea, 
which had been increased so much by the number of 
lawyers employed, and hinted that it was reasonable that 
the presentee should bear part of the expence. Went to 
the Lower Parliament House and sought the Records for 
more presentations to Hutton before the first we discovered, 
but could find none. Expected to have heard the cause 
of Fogo in the General Assembly, for which this day was 
appointed, but there was nobody to appear for Lord 
Home, and it was delayed till Friday. Got the Act, 1644, 
from Davidson, in which I found no mention of Fogo ; 
but it gives a right to Ednam, which was a Kirk of Colding- 
ham, not of Dunglas, and to which the Crown has uni- 
formly presented, and particularly in 1646 and 1648 when 
the Act 1644 must, if ever, be supposed to have had 
effect. Was at night in a publick house with some Mers 
acquaintances. 

Thursday, June 1st. — ^In the morning saw the Advocate,^ 
to whom John Stevenson carried me. Spoke to him only 
about the vacant stipend. What he said on the subject 
was favourable enough, and he promised to take care of 
it with the Chief Baron. Talked' also a little to the 
Sollicitor in the street. Saw Davidson again in the 
evening. Found that the alarm I had taken about the 
vacant stipend was in a great measure groundless. He 
had only heard of an application for one of the vacant 
stipends where he was concerned, and adding that it was 
Lord Minto that had applied, I concluded that it must 

^ The Lord-Advocate at this time was Robert DunSas of Arniston, 
afterwards Lord-President. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 185 

have been for the Fogo stipend, to W. Home's family. 
Gave him a note of what I had observed with relation to 
the Act, 1644. Made several calls and spent the evening 
in Paxton's with J. Aitcheson, who was my fellow-lodger 
there, and had Colville for a third. 

Friday, June 2nd. — After breakfasting with Laurie and 
settling accounts with him, and receiving from him, for 
the College Treasurer, the payment of Will's bursary, 
which nothing but my straits could have made me take 
from him considering the advance of £8 he made in 
Philip's cause, and after leaving £5 with Robert Turnbull 
to pay my Widows' tax, I left the town about 10. 
Overtook A. Duncan and rode with him m6st of the 
way, which occasioned my travelling leisurely so that 
it was sunset when I got home. 

Saturday, June Srd. — Prepared for to-morrow and 
weeded and staked some pease in the garden ; some- 
times also dozed, being a little tired with my Edinburgh 
expedition. 

Sunday, June Uh. — My mother has been pretty easy 
for some days past, at times has spoke more rationally 
than I thought it likely she ever would, almost entirely, 
however, on things transacted long ago. 

Munday, June 5th. — Philip left us past 11. Wrote a 
long letter to John Davidson to make him bestir himself 
for securing the vacant stipend. Wrote also to G. Laurie 
to apply to Provost Drummond and Jardine for the same 
purpose. Charles set out for the first time with the cart in 
the evening, having got a horse from one of his neighbours. 

Tuesday, June 6th. — Walked to Home to see sick, and 
afterwards to Ednam to examine the foundation of the 
Kirk, which varies from the plan agreed to betwixt the 
Heritors and the Presbytery, but not so much as to make 
it worth while to stop the work. Cart of coals got safe 
here in the evening, and the nag behaved well. 

Friday, June 9th. — Read chiefly Bishop Keith and' 
wrought some in the garden. At night and last night 
slept on Cicero, de Officiis. Wrote a long letter to J. Allan, 
chiefly relating to my Edinburgh expedition. 



186 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

Saturday, June 10th. — Brown came here in the forenoon, 
and a while after Mr. Lundy by the way of Gordon. He 
carried Brown ^ away with him in the afternoon, which 
freed me of the impertinent creature's babble, and gratified 
Lundie's own indolence in providing a sermon for him 
to-morrow. Learned from Lundy that the Assembly, 
without a division, ordered Mr. Home to be settled at 
Fogo.2 There was a lawyer for Lord Home, but no pro- 
duction of any title. Did something for to-morrow. Had 
a letter from Philip in the evening with the Hutton cases 
and a letter from Lord Kaimes^ to James Allan. Kaimes 
does not give his opinion, excusing himself because it 
could not be exprest in a few words, but anything he writes 
seems rather favourable to Philip. Slept on the Offices.^ 

Munday, June 12th. — Read miscellaneously chiefly in 
Keith. Wrought also in the garden, where most things 
are suffering extremely by the drought. The worm that 
used to destroy the roots of cauliflowers has attacked those 
of cabbages, which have been so much retarded in their 
growth by the drought as not to have strength enough to 
resist them. 

Thursday, June 15th. — Preached at Morebattle ; col- 
leagued with Paton ^ and Wilson. Came home in the 
evening. 

Friday, June 16th. — Read more of Keith,® where the 
English ambassador Throgmorton's correspondence with 
Queen Elizabeth gives a good and interesting account of 



^ William Brown, minister of Maxton 1751-70 : son of David Brown, 
minister of Selkirk. 

2 William Home, the minister of Fogo, died i8th November 1756. 
Another William Home, a son of Walter Home of Bassendean, was pre- 
sented to the parish by the Crown during the next month. Probably 
Lord Home, as in the case of Hutton, asserted his right to present, but 
Home was ultimately admitted in September 1758. 

3 Lord Kames (Henry Home) , son of George Home of Kames, Berwick- 
shire : advocate 1724 : raised to the Bench 1752 : an eminent, learned, 
and somewhat eccentric judge. 

* Cicero, de Officiis. 

* WiUiam Faton, minister of Eckford 1755-1807. 

" Robert Keith (1681-1757), Bishop of Fife: published in 1734 a 
History of Scotland from the Reformation to 1568. 



I758J DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 487 

the eircumstances of Queen Mary's imprisonment. Was 
at Oxmuir p.m. seeing W. Dickson's wife, who has ague fits. 

Saturday, June 17th. — Read the London Magazine for 
April, which has been lying by me these 2 or 3 days. It 
has an account of the articles for which prizes are given 
by the London Society for the Encouragement of Arts, 
Commerce, etc. ; also Dr. Akenside's Ode to the Country 
Gentlemen of England.^ The Doctor is a man of too much 
method for an Ode writer. Didactic poetry seems to be 
his province. 

Saturday, June 17th. — Prepared for to-morrow. My 
sister left us in the morning. 

Munday, June 19th. — Was at Home a.m. attending a 
meeting about the poor's affairs. Afternoon walked to 
Ednam with Nancy, where I bade Aly Pollock ^ farewell. 
She sets out in a stage-coach for London on Wednesday 
from Berwick. Walked from Ednam to Kelso, where I 
got measure taken of me for a greatcoat, having given 
Will, my brother, my present one. Drank tea at Mr. 
Lundy's, and reconnoitred his garden and glebe, which 
are much hurt by the drought. Sate a while with Minna 
Dawson afterwards. 

Thursday, June 22nd. — Read Keith's History, com- 
paring him with Buchanan and Spotswood. Read also 
Buchanan's History of Wallace. Slept on the Offices. 

Friday, June 2Srd. — Read Keith, Buchanan, and Tully's 

Offices. Wrought some in the garden. Robert Turnbull 

dined here ; got the news of his Glasgow jaunt. 

. Saturday, June 24<th. — Mr. Dawson came up here with 

Charles in the forenoon. I set out for Eyemouth betwixt 



^ Mark Akenside, 1721-70. The son of a butcher in Newcastle, he 
became a physician, but made his reputation by the pubhcation in 1744 of 
the poems Pleasures of Imagination. He became a fashionable London 
doctor, but died at the age of forty-eight. Ridpath is right in saying 
that he was more fitted to write didactic poetry than odes, though his 
stirring and impassioned appeal to the youth of England to volunteer 
for service in the war shows that he was not destitute of that ability. 

2 Aly Pollock, second daughter of Thomas Pollock, minister of Ednam. 
In 1758 she v/ent to London to help her brother Allan, who had a school 
there, and we shall hear further of her rather singular adventures. 



188 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

2 and 3 and got there after 8. Philip there and John 
Waugh, who had been preaching, not gone away. 

Sunday, June 25th, — Preached a.m. about two hours and 
served two Tables. Preached again Without ^ p.m. 
Brydone ^ and Hepburn ^ there besides. 

Munday, June 26th. — Preached, colleagued with Richard 
Bell.* Got a letter last night which G. Wallace had wrote 
to Philip by Berwick, and this afternoon got another to 
myself enclosed in one from Mr. Lundy, which had come 
to Kelso by the Newcastle carrier, the design of all which 
was to inform us that the Hutton cause was to be advised 
in and determined by the Lords on Tuesday next. The 
first letter did not determine me to go, but the two others 
added to it made me think that G. Wallace judged it of 
some consequence that I should be there. Resolved 
therefore at last to go, and James Allan was so good as 
to go along with me. We set out betwixt 7 and 8, got to 
Lintoun Bridge after 12, where we stopt till about 3 o'clock 
without sleeping and got to Edinburgh about 8. A fine 
cool night, and morning lowring and somewhat windy. 

Tuesday, June 27th. — Were in time enough for our 
cause, which began about 11 and was debated, I believe, 
near an hour. The President supported it ; Lord Wood- 
hall, the Ordinary, not being present. The President ^ 
understood the cause well and gave his opinion strongly 
and clearly for the Crown. Auchinleck ^ and Kaimes were 
on the other side, and Coulston ' raised some doubts. 



^ ' Without,' that is, in the churchyard during the communion service 
which was being held in the church. 

2 Robert Brydone, minister of Coldingham 1725-61. 

•■* Patrick Hepburn, minister of Ay ton 1753-72. 

* Richard Bell, minister of Mordington 1736-73. 

^ Robert Craigie of Glendoick : advocate 1710 : Lord-Advocate 1742: 
President 1754. 

^ Alexander Boswell of Auchinleck : advocate 1729 : raised to the 
Bench with title of Auchinleck 1754 : died 1782. He wa^ the father of 
James Boswell, the biographer of Johnson. 

' This is evidently George Brown of Colstoun, son of Charles Brown 
of Cleghornie, by his wife, Jean Brown of Colstoun: advocate 1734: 
raised to the Bench under the title of Lord Colstoun 1756 : died 1776. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 189 

The President spoke more than all the rest. Nisbet ^ 
made a speech on our side, but stuck it. It was given for 
the Crown by 6 against 3. The rest did not vote. On 
our side were the President, Justice clerk,^ Reston-Grange,^ 
Bankton,* who are considered as the principal lawyers. 
We had also Minto,^ Nisbet and Shewalton.^ The cause 
going for us made James Allan and me feel our labours 
the less. I dined in Clerk Home's,' where the doctor 
showed me his experiments about inoculating the measles. 
Drank tea with G. Wallace. G. Laurie prevailed with us 
to sup and sleep in his little country house, the environs 
of which he has made very pretty. 

Wednesday, June 28th. — Breakfasted and eat a bit of 
beefsteak to dinner with Colville. Saw Davidson, who 
told me that Lord Home's people are resolved to reclaim. 
Desired him to avoid delays, which he promised. Left the 
town at 2 ; stop'd a while at Wyndpath Ford, and got 
home a little after 10. Found my mother perfectly 
recovered. 

Thursday, June 29th. — Professor Stevenson called on 
liis way to Kelso with his sister-in-law and W^illy. Being 
to dine with Mr. Lundy he prevailed on me to go along 
with him. Dined and drank tea there ; called at Mr. 



^ George Carre of Nisbet, eldest son of George Carre of Cavers : advo- 
cate 1725 : Sheriff of Berwickshire 1748 : raised to the Bench as Lord 
Nisbet 1755 : died 1766. 

2 Charles Erskine of Tinwald, third son of Sir Charles Erskine of Alva, 
Bart: advocate 1711 : Solicitor-General 1725: Lord-Advocate 1737: 
raised to the Bench under the title of Lord Tinwald 1744 : succeeded 
Fletcher of Milton as Justice-Clerk 1748 : died 1763. 

■^ A mistake for Prestongrange. William Grant of Prestongrange, 
second son of Sir Francis Grant of CuUen : advocate 1722 : Procurator 
for the Church of Scotland and Principal Clerk to the General Assembly 
1731 : Lord-Advocate 1746 : raised to the Bench as Lord Prestongrange 
1754 : died 1764. 

* Andrew Macdowal of Bankton: advocate 1708: judge 1755. 

^ Sir Gilbert EUiot of Minto, Bart : judge 1726; Lord Justice-Clerk 1763. 

^ Patrick Boyle of Shewalton, second son of David, first Earl of Glasgow : 
advocate 1712 : judge 1746 :■ died 1761. 

' David Hume, Depute Clerk of Session, and father of Mrs. Dysart, the 
wife of the minister of Eccles. 



190 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

Dawson's and came home at night. Mr. Dawson has been 
at Eccles these ten days drinking goat milk, and is still 
but puny. 

Friday, June SOth. — Alison Hog here most of the day, 
whom I paid her interest. Read some of Buchanan after 
James v.'s death, and slept on the Offices. Got my 
hedges dipt. 

Sunday, July 2nd. — Alison Hog and Bell Pollock at the 
Kirk from Ednam, Mas. Thomas having gone to the goat 
whey (cure). 

Munday, July Srd. — Rode to Smailholm and preached 
on Phil. 1. 21. Colleagued with W. Walker; D. Duncan ^ 
there and John Bell. Came home about 6, my horse 
being to go to the coals. Read in the evening Buchanan, 
who always delights me, and slept on the Offices. 

Tuesday, July 4tth. — Went to the Presbytery, where 
our meeting was thin and no business. Saw Andrew 
Chatto, his wife, and Miss Baillie in the evening in their 
passing homewards from Coldstream. Drank tea at Dr. 
Gibson's. Walked to and again. Read at night some of 
the May Magazine. 

Wednesday, July 5th. — Walked to Hairy Heugh to 
baptise a surviving twin to John Robertson. Dined at 
William Stevenson's, who came home from Moffat on 
Sunday. He has got some benefit from the water. Came 
home by Sir Robert's, but they were all at Eccles. The 
lad Cramond of Kelso ^ and Sked here at tea, and in the 
evening looked out a sermon for to-morrow and slept on 
May London Magazine. 

Thursday, July 6th. — Rode to Lintoun and preached. 
Colleagued with Paton and Joseph Leek. Went over to 



1 David Duncan, minister of Stow 1733-58. He died 22nd October 
1758, on the eve of his induction to Gladsmuir, to which parish he had 
been presented. He was a brother of Alex. Duncan, minister of Smail- 
holm, and had married, as his second wife, in 1739, Margaret, daughter 
of James Pringle, said in the Fasti Eccl. Scot, to have been an uncle of 
Sir Robert Pringle. 

2 Probably that Robert Cramond who was licensed by the Presbyterv 
of Kelso : minister of a Presbyterian church at Etal, Northumberland, 
1765-76 : D.D. Aberdeen 1774 : minister of Yarrow 1776-91. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 191 

Morebattle in the evening and staid all night. Mrs. 
Chatto's sister there — an agreeable enough girl. 

Friday, July 7th. — ^Left Morebattle between 11 and 12, 
and got home between 1 and 2. Read the May Review, 
where there is an account of Mr. Wallace's work, The 
Spirit of Composition, of which they applaud much, 
though they blame it, and I suppose justly, for drawing 
too favourable a picture of the present times. 

Munday, July 10th. — Read some of Keith and slept on 
the Offices. John Stevenson, George, who has been in 
the country these 3 or 4 days, his wife, and Willy dined 
with us. They went to Nether Mill to tea. 

Tuesday, July 11th. — Read some of Keith and amused a 
good deal of the afternoon in reconnoitring the Kelso Fair 
people with the telescope. Slept on the Offices. Alison 
Hog here in the afternoon. She had lighted her pipe 
with the note I gave her for the money owed her two or 
three weeks ago, and wanted another, which I gave her. 

Wednesday, July 12th. — Read some of Keith, and 
wrought a good while in the garden. In the afternoon 
walked over to Newton with Nancy in consequence of 
repeated significations from Lady Don that a visit there 
would be acceptable and particularly moved by her Lady- 
ship's humanity in frequently enquiring after my mother 
while she was ill. Were so unlucky, however, as to miss 
the Lady, who is visiting to-day at Stitchell and Nenthorn. 
Drank tea with the Knight and were amused with the 
children, who are very fine ones. 

Thursday, July ISth. — Went to Nenthorn. William 
Guland and J. Gowdie ^ preached. Slept on the Offices. 

Saturday, July 15th. — Preached at Nenthorn on Matt. 7. 
13-14. Colleagued with J. Bell. Read some of Keith. 
Somewhat tired with walking and preaching long. 

Munday, July 17th. — Warm and lowring, breeze westerly, 
some good showers both forenoon and afternoon. Preached 



^ Either John Goudie of Maison Dieu, Kelso, minister of Earlston 
1730-77, son of John Goudie of Whitmuir Hall, also minister of the 
Parish and subsequently of Lady Yester's, Edinburgh, or John Goudie 
of Berwick, previously mentioned. 



192 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

at Sprouston on John 1. 7. Colleagued with Matthew 
Dysart. J. Stevenson there, who promoted the consump- 
tion of punch. Came home in the evening and slept on 
the Offices, 

Tuesday, July ISth. — Read a good deal of Keith. His 
Original Papers enable one to form a juster notion of facts 
and characters than can be got from any of the historians. 

Saturday, July 22nd. — Read more of Keith and pre- 
pared for to-morrow. Dr. Balderstone, a very great 
stranger, came on his way from Carlisle on one of his 
muster circuits and dined. He told us there had been 
much more rain about Newcastle and Carlisle than here. 
Got a letter from Philip at night with one enclosed from 
G. Wallace, who writes that there has been a Reclaiming 
Petition to which the Lord- Advocate is to draw an answer, 
which he expected would soon be ready. 

Sunday, July 23rd. — ^Bailie Pow ^ iri the Kirk p.m. and 
dined with us. A more tranquill mind in a more restless 
body is, I daresay, scarcely anywhere to be found. It is 
surprising how many things the mortal knows and can 
talk about. 

Munday, July 2Uh. — Examined at Fallside Hill a.m. 
and in the west end of Home p.m. and drank tea in passing 
at Home Byres ; a good deal jaded. Found Mr. Waite 
and my sister arrived here when I came home. They 
brought a letter from G. Wallace to Philip, informing him 
that the answer to Lord Home's Reclaim would be in 
the Lords' boxes on Monday or Tuesday, and that he 
expected a decision on Wednesday or Friday. The design 
of this advertisement was that James Allan or I or both 
should go to town in time. But I am so engaged this 
week that I cannot conveniently get away ; and I do not 
think my being there would be of the least consequence 
to the issue of the cause. 

Tuesday, July 25th. — Robert Turnbull came to dine, 



1 Robert Pow, merchant and bailie of Coldstream : son of John Pow, 
minister of Coldstream 1694-1735, and grandson of Robert Pow, notary, 
Eyemouth. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 193 

and John Bell with his wife and daughter ^ were here p.m. 
Miss's beauty seems to be pretty much gone. Mr. Waite 
staid all day. 

Wednesday, July 26th. — Examined in the east end of 
Home forenoon and afternoon, about 100 people ; hard 
labour. I felt it the more that I have had a slight cold 
on me these 2 or 3 days. Bathed my feet and drank 
more than a quart of warm whey at night, which gave 
me good rest. 

Thursday, July 27th. — Rode to Yetholm and preached 
on Leek's Fast day from Matt. 7. 13-14. Wilsons of 
Coldstream and Wooler colleagues. A good deal wet. 
Slept on Wallace's new book, which John Stevenson was 
so good as to bring me from Edinburgh. ^ 

Friday, July 28th. — Read Wallace's work almost to an 
end. The great design of it is to contend for the advan- 
tages of the Revolution and those enjoyed under the 
present Government against David Hume, Brown, the 
Disaffected, and the whole class of writers that deal in 
exaggerating our present distress from corruption, high 
taxes, public debts, etc. It is an honest, good-natured 
work, extremely well intended, and there are many very 
ingenious things in it. Thomas Pollock here p.m. He 
looks very well, though his ancle is not yet quite healed. 

Saturday, July 29th. — Read Wallace's work to an end 
and was in the afternoon at Home Byres with my sisters. 
William is at Moffat and the Professor went this morning 
to Arniston. Got from Davidson the Reclaiming Petition 
for Lord Home drawn by Ferguson and the answer to it 
by the Advocate. Ferguson's is a good paper, shrewd and 
distinct. The answer, too, is very well, tho' I see his 
Lordship has omitted to take notice of the strongest 
invalidating circumstance with regard to the Act, 1644, 
viz. its giving right to Edrom, one of the Kirks of Colding- 
ham ; which probably is owing to a shyness of attacking 
a right of Lord Home with which they have no immediate 



^ John Bell's daughter, Margaret, then aged twenty-one. 
2 This was Characteristics of the Political State of the Present Ages, by 
Robert Wallace, D.D. (see post, p. 251, n. i). 

N 



194 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

concern. The Cause was to be decided yesterday, but 
Davidson declines saying anything about the vacant 
stipend till he has seen the issue of it. 

Munday, July Slst. — Breeze E. to S., sun and clouds. 
Examined at Oxmuir a.m. and at Todrig p.m. In the 
evening got a letter from Philip and another from J. 
Davidson informing me that our Cause was lost on Friday, 
by the Lords, who were formerly neutral, voting all for 
Lord Home, and Minto's not voting, he having been that 
forenoon in the Outer House and not having read the 
Reclaim and Answers. Resolved to set out for Edinburgh 
to-morrow and see what is to be done next in this affair. ^ 

Tuesday^ August 1st — Set out for Edinburgh about 9 
and got there about 6. Called for G. Wallace, but could 
not find him. Sate with Colvill till betwixt 10 and 11. 

Wednesday, August 2nd. — Breakfasted with G. Wallace 
and dined and supped in Mr. Laurie's. G. Wallace showed 
me an answer he had drawn to Ferguson's Reclaiming 
Petition which he had altered into the form of a Reclaim 
for the Crown against the last decision. I read it care- 
fully over and made a few corrections. It was very well 
drawn and exhausted the subject, but was very long. It 
was sent to Davidson to peruse that he might put it into 
the Advocate's hands if a Reclaim was to be made, and 
if the Crown lawyers should not find leisure to draw a 
Reclaim themselves. 

Thursday, August 3rd. — Saw the Advocate in the morn- 
ing who informed me that he was resolved to appeal the 
Hutton cause to the Peers without further delay. He 
declared against the Kirk Courts proceeding. His resolu- 
tion to appeal was founded on the great uncertainty of 
the event and hazard of delays before the Court of Session 
from the Bench being so equally divided. The Advocate 
thought, too, that the cause is at present on a more 
favourable footing for the Crown than it might possibly 
afterwards appear, from Lord Home's people insisting on 

* In accordance with the legal procedure of those days, an appeal could 
be made from a judgment of the Court of Session, the effect of which was 
to have a new trial by the same tribunal. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 195 

some new topicks. After having informed G. Wallace 
and Davidson of this and made some calls, I left the town 
betwixt 11 and 12. Got home betwixt 8 and 9 a good 
deal tired. 

Friday, August Uh. — Robert Turnbull, his niece, Hay 
Turnbull, his nephew, came to dine, and Mrs. Pringle 
and Miss Pringle were here at tea. Sir Robert is gone to 
Moffat. John Miller was awhile here in the evening ; 
Philip came betwixt 9 and 10. 

Saturday^ August 5th. — My sisters went to St. James's 
Fair. Philip staid here. Chatted with him and did some- 
thing for to-morrow. 

Munday, August 7th. — Philip left us after dinner. I 
went to Home p.m. to see sick. Read at night Elibank's 
pamphlet on Money Circulation and Paper Credit,^ occa- 
sioned by Wallace's work. It is too short to be per- 
spicuous, but there are some very ingenious things in it, 
and except as to the Publick Debts he is much of the same 
mind as Wallace, though very angry at him for ascribing 
to him two pamphlets on Frugality and Banking which 
some bookseller had published along with a former one of 
Elibank's on the Publick Taxes. Wallace retracts this 
mistake in a postscript to the second edition of his Char- 
acteristics, a copy of which I brought from Edinburgh 
along with me, and of which also I read the first Disserta- 
tion on Banking. 

Thursday, August 10th. — Fast day before the Sacra- 
ment. Messrs. Lundy, Robert Turnbull of Sprowston, and 
Dysart of Eccles assistants, and nobody else here except 
Mrs. Pollock. 

Friday, August 11th. — Mused on the subject of my 
Action Sermon ^ and looked to Interpreters.^ Saw a sick 
child in town. 

Saturday, August 12th. — Wrought in the morning on 
sermon for to-morrow. Messrs. Abraham Ker and Alex- 



1 By Patrick, fifth Lord EUbank. 

2 The Action Sermon was that preached immediately before the ad- 
ministration of Holy Communion. 

' i.e. Commentators on the text of Scripture. 



196 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

ander Duncan preached. James Allan came betwixt 8 
and 9 from Edrom, where he had been 2 or 3 nights. 

Sunday, August 13th. — Preached on Heb. 10. 14 too 
long and my voice answered me ill. Tables at west door. 
Six services, and the last more than half full. Mr. Home 
preached p.m. and staid all night. 

Munday, Augtist lUh. — John Waugh here. 'All our 
guests left us in the evening except Mr. Allan, who walked 
down in the afternoon to Kelso to see Mr. Dawson. 

Wednesday, Augicst IQth. — Rode to Kelso before dinner 
with my sister. Dined in Mr. Dawson's ; drank tea in 
Dr. Gibson and called at Mrs. Cockburn's. 

Thursday, August 17th. — Rode to Greenlaw and preached 
along with Messrs. Cupples and Dysart of Eccles. John 
Hume wrote me last night in consequence of being dis- 
appointed by Dickson and Johnson,^ but he wrote to so 
many that according to his usual confusion he brought 
together more than were wanted, for William Home was 
there also. I had been engaged to preach on Saturday, 
but I was on the spot and chose rather to preach to-day. 
Found Mr. Waite here when I came home, who brought a 
chaise to carry home my sister. 

Friday, August 18th. — Read most of the June Review, 
which I got t'other day at Kelso. J. Sked here most of 
the afternoon. Sent Will to Kelso to get a coat and 
some other things he wants for going to Newcastle and 
North Shields. Some people in the last-named place 
have fallen out with Wilkinson, who came thither from 
Durham, and have left his preaching for a great while 
past. A few of them wrote to Will two or three weeks 
ago desiring him to come over to preach for them three 
or four Sundays, and promising to satisfy him and to 
bear his charges. On this he wrote to James Richardson 
at Newcastle, to get some account of these people, and 
asking his advice. Richardson thinks he should come 
and give them one sermon, and assures him that the 

* Probably David Johnston, minister of Langton 1758-65 : of North 
Leith 1765-1824. D.D. Edinburgh 1781 : founder of the Asylum for the 
Blind, Edinburgh, 1793: one of H.M. Chaplains 1793. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 197 

Newcastle Class, with whom he is connected, will not be 
offended at it. After a good deal of hesitation I at last 
thought he might go ; if he does not, somebody else will. 
The division is not of his making, and according to 
Richardson, there is not the least probabihty of its being 
healed. He is very fond of being able to do something 
for himself, and it is of great importance that he should. 

Saturday, August 19th. — Prepared for to-morrow. Read 
the June Review and was some time in the glebe and 
garden. Got a letter from Philip in which he writes a 
good deal against Will's going to North Shields, chiefly 
from a conversation he had on the subject with Hall of 
Lowick. However, for the reasons above mentioned and 
as so many steps toward it have already been taken, I 
thought it still better that he should go. 

Sunday, August 20th. — Lectured on Ps. 117. Preached 
on Rom. 12. 1. Was done about half an hour after 12. 
Left Will to preach p.m. and rode over to Greenlaw, where 
I served a Table and afterwards preached. John had no 
assistants but Willy Home, Matthew, and myself. Willy 
preached p.m. ; Matthew and I staid all night. 

Munday, August 21st. — Robert Turnbull and Dysart 
preached. Dickson and Johnson came to sermon, 
Monteith and Laurie to dinner, also John Home from 
Polwarth.i Willy also there and Sandy from Abbey. 
The Duns brethren held a Presbytery meeting in order to 
Willy's transportation to Fogo. Sat till 6 ; abundantly 
cheerful. Called at Home Byres ih coming home to 
enquire about a servant of W. Stevenson's who had 
been ill. 

Tuesday, August 22nd. — Read over again Elibank's 
pamphlet and a little of John Dalrymple's work, of which 
I bought the small edition when I was last in Edinburgh. 

Friday, August 25th. — -In the forenoon was at Home 
seeing a sick man. Rest of the day read chiefly Buchanan, 
particularly his account of Malcolm Canmore with his 

^ An evident slip of the diarist : there was no John Home, minister at 
Polwarth at this time. Willy Home was in that parish, but was on the 
eve of being translated to Fogo. 



198 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

predecessors, Duncan and Macbeth. Read also some of 
John Dalrymple's work, which I intend to make very 
familiar to me, as containing a valuable collection of 
Political History. Slept, as I have done for some 
nights past, on Hawthornden's History of the 5 King 
Jameses. 

Saturday, August 26th. — Walked to Hairy Heugh to see 
Mr. Pearson, who, I am afraid, has a suppuration going on 
in his urethra towards the mouth of his bladder along 
with suppurating piles which, at first, were his sole com- 
plaint. Prepared for to-morrow and read some of 
Buchanan and some of John Dalrymple's work. Got a 
letter from Will, who arrived at Newcastle safe on Thurs- 
day. He had not found his friend Richardson, which 
made him somewhat uncertain of his future motions. 

Munday, August 2Sth. — Was at Caldron Brae and Hairy 
Heugh a.m. seeing sick. When I returned found Robert 
Turnbull here on a visit to Sir Robert. Went along with 
him and dined and drank tea. Walter and Frank there. 
Mary Dysart, who has been some time in the country 
seeing her friends, was here p.m. and staid all night. 

Tuesday, August 29th. — Mary staid till after dinner ; I 
went to Home to see sick. 

Wednesday, August SOth. — Read a little of Euclid at Mr. 
Stevenson's and shaved p.m. Went to Ednam and saw 
Lady Don, a visit I have long projected. At evening 
read some of July Magazine, where there is a good map of 
Senegal River and *a plan of Fort Louis from the Sieur 
d'Anville. 

Thursday, August Slst. — Was at Home marrying Coss- 
nip's daughter, a pretty little girl not 18, to a tall, surly- 
looking Duns Butcher, seemingly a very impar congressu^. 
P.m. gathered some Trip. Palud. Found Richard Brown 
here when I came to tea. He went to Sir Robert's and 
is to leave the country to-morrow. Read evening and 
night some of the Abrege Chronologique de France and some 
of the July Magazine. 

Friday, September 1st. — Went to Kelso to the examina- 
tion of Dobby's school. Boys pretty numerous and doing 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 199 

very well. Dined in Dobby's in Mr. Dawson's. Slept 
at night on Drummond. 

Saturday, September 2nd. — Prepared for to-morrow and 
read Buchanan and John Dalrymple's Feudal Property. 
Wrought a little in the garden, weeding and raking some 
winter spinnage that was only sown yesterday, too late 
I fear.^ 

Wednesday, September Qth. — Read Dalrymple's Feudal 
Property and the AbregS Chronologiqu£. W. Stevenson 
here after dinner, with whom I read some of Euclid. 
Drank tea at Sir Robert's. Had some chat with the 
Captain about Ireland and the W. of England. 

Thursday, September 7th. — Read as yesterday. Was in 
the forenoon at Mainrigg seeing a sick child. P.m. rode 
to Angelraw with Nancy. Their son, the surgeon, who 
came home in the beginning of summer and seemed for 
some time to be at the point of death by a consumption, 
is now in a fair way of being better. Had a good deal of 
chat with him about his sea life, particularly about Cape 
Breton and Halifax, where he was last summer with 
Boscawen. According to him the country round Halifax 
promises to be very fine when cleared of wood. When 
we came home found Will returned. He had come to-day 
from Wooler on foot and preached at Morpeth on Sunday. 
The Sunday before he had preached at North Shields, but 
whether the people were not pleased with his performance 
or he did not enter sufficiently into their quarrel with 
Wilkinson, they gave him his leave two or three days 
after, informing him that they had entered into terms 
with another. This, it seems, is one Hall, a Northumbrian, 
who had been there once before, and was among them 
again, along with old Riccaltoun,^ a day or two after 



^ Marginal note — It was so. 

2 Robert Riccaltoun, minister of Hobkirk 1725-69. He was a volumin- 
ous writer on various subjects, and his collected works were published in 
three volumes in 1772. He was a man of fine imagination, and James 
Thomson said that his poem of ' A Winter's Day,' which appeared in 
Savage's Miscellany in 1726, wais the origin of the design of Thomson's 
Seasons. Riccaltoun 's son John, who succeeded him in his parish, was 



200 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

Will had preached. They are narrow and wild, and so 
much on the watch against the least appearance of hetero- 
doxy that it is altogether improbable that Will could 
have contented them or lived with any comfort amongst 
them, so the sooner he left them the better. 

Friday, September 8th, — Read some of John Dalrymple, 
also some of the Preface to John Knox's History, and of 
Rapin's ^ first and second volumes which I got from the 
Library last Wednesday. Knox's Life is stupidly wrote 
by some dull and well-meaning whig.^ 

Saturday, September 9th. — Read some of Rapin and 
some of the Abridged Chronicle. Bell and Rett Pollock, 
fine girlies, here p.m.^ 

Munday, September 11th. — Read almost all of John 
Dalrymple's book that, in this reading, I had not read 
before. His account of the Origin and Constitution of 
Scotch and English Parliaments is very distinct and well 
detailed. In the evening read Rapin's History of William 
the Conqueror, a man of uncommon abilities but of much 
more extraordinary good fortune. Slept on Abridged 
Chron. 

Tuesday, September 12th. — The Misses Gibson came here 
to breakfast and staid till after 12, when they went to 
Sir Robert's. After dinner went to Cumming's burial ; a 
good many people there. Staid all night at Mrs. Dysart's, 



at this time (1758) minister of a Presbyterian congregation at North 
Shields. 

^ Paul de Rapin de Thoyras, 1661-1725. Wrote the Histoire d' Angle- 
terre, pubhshed 1724: it went through several editions with supplements, 
and there have been two editions in Enghsh, one by Rev. Nicholas Tindal, 
in fifteen volumes, 1725-31. Ridpath does not say whether he read the 
work in the original or in the translation. 

2 Attributed in a marginal note to Matthew Crawford, son of the 
minister of Eastwood. At one tim-e Librarian to the University of Glasgow : 
appointed, 1721, Professor of Church History in Edinburgh, but was not 
a success : died 1736. 

^ Bell and Bett Pollock, daughters of the minister of Ednam. Bella 
(Isobel) was the eldest, and Bett (Elizabeth) the second youngest. The 
latter was at this time about fifteen, and is generally referred to as * The 
Naiad ' by the diarist, who had a great hking for her : a very bright and 
lively girl. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 201 

where Clerk Home is, and where the doctor arrived in the 
evening. Had confirmed from him what I had heard of 
before, tho' never till lately, that marl is a composition of 
limestone and clay ; commonly as he says about four 
parts of the latter to one of the former. 

Wednesday, September ISth.—Caiae home from Eccles 
a.m. Read a little of John Dalrymple. Was a good deal 
in the glebe* Sked and the Kelso boy Cramond here a 
long time p.m. 

Thursday, September IMh. — Read some of Dalrymple's 
Feudal Property and some of Rapin, also part of Buchanan's 
Preface to John Knox, where are some ingenious conjecr 
tures about the antiquities of Britain, particularly about 
the names of the ancient inhabitants. 

Friday, September 15th. — Read Rapin chiefly and 
Abridged Chronol. Also began to copy the Table in Rapin 
of the Saxon Heptarchy. I have often wished and pro- 
jected to have collections of Tables of this kind, which are 
in several respects the most useful forms of historical 
abridgments. But the copying and improvising of them 
requires a good deal of attention, time, and labour. 

Saturday, September IQth. — Read more of Rapin and 
wrote more into the Table of the Saxon Heptarchy. 
Partly with sitting at that, partly with rising and walking 
out a little earlier than usual in the morning, have catched 
some cold. . 

Sunday, September 17th. — Rode after sermon to the 
burial of W. Winter who died yesterday morning. He 
has suffered much and been almost wholly confined for 
near a twelvemonth past, chiefly from a rheumatick pain 
in the inside of one of his thighs. 

Munday, September 18th. — Read a.m. some of Rapin. 
P.m. went to Sir Robert's chiefly to see Miss Maddy, 
who came home from Moffat last Friday. But she, with 
the Captain and Peggy, were gone to Marchmont House. 
Cecy Haswell,^ now Mrs. Kennedy, a fine little girlie, and 
her husband were there, also Smith of Jedburgh and a 



* She was possibly a daughter of Adam Haswell, surgeon in Jedburgh. 



202 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

daughter of Ebenezer Erskine/ who is staying at Cawdel's. 
Sent Charles in thp evening to Kelso with clothes for 
Berwick, whither I intend to set out with Nancy to- 
morrow. 

Tuesday, September 19th. — Rode to Berwick with Nancy 
en croupe. Dined at S. Herriot's, who has got a pretty, 
neat, agreeable little woman to his wife. Got to Berwick 
before sunset and spent the evening in Mr. Waite's. 
Found them all well. 

Wednesday, September 20th. — Called a.m. at the Col- 
lector's. Drank tea in Aunt Balderstone's and called at 
Mrs. Nealson's. They say Betty is going to be married 
to Gowdie,^ but she has been dumpish this good while. 
Polly, my old friend, is looking well, but still blind and 
with little prospect of recovery. Spent the evening with 
the Collector. Bill goes to Cambridge in a week or two 
to study law. Saw a ship of about 160 tons launched. 

Thursday, September 21st. — Called in the forenoon at 
the Doctor's. Drank tea at S. Stanton's, who has got a 
very convenient house, and a most excellent shop. Spent 
the evening in Mr. Waite's, where were young T. Ruther- 
ford and Mrs. Nealson. Diverted with drawing two or 
three profiles of faces by the shadow from a candle. 

Friday, September 22nd. — Breakfasted and dined in Mr. 
Hall's, a very honest and friendly man. I have much 
reason to say so ; having been owing him the remnant 
of an account scandalously long, which he has never 
craved, nor did his behaviour to me ever discover that 
he was the least sensible of it. Drank tea in W. Chisholm's. 
A.m. called at Mr. Edmiston's and John Turner's, who 
had some thoughts of employing Will as his helper, when 



^ Probably one of the three daughters of Ebenezer Erskine, the cele- 
brated founder of the Secession Church, by his second wife, Mary, daughter 
of James Webster, minister of the Tolbooth, Edinburgh, whom he married 
in 1724. Erskine had died five years before the date in the diary. 

2 The report was true : Elizabeth (Betty) Nealson, daughter of Capt. 
Nealson, Berwick, married John Gofdie, then minister of the High Meeting 
House, Berwick, on 19th February 1759. Goldie was afterwards minister 
of Penicuick and subsequently of Temple. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 203 

Murray ^ leaves him. How this will answer I know not, 
but am obliged to him for his good intention. 

Saturday, September 2Srd. — Called a little at the Doctor's 
and the Collector's. The Collector was himself at Bare- 
moor with Wilkes, who came there to Coulston Stow's 
two or three days ago. Set out from Berwick about two. 
Called at Coldstream and sate near an hour in J. Ker's. 
Also called on horseback at Ednam, where Mrs. Pollock 
had just arrived from Edinburgh, where she had gone to 
see her brother Jamie, who is grown much better. Got 
here with some daylight and did something for to-morrow. 

Sunday, September 2Uh. — ^John Ker here, his daughter 
Bessy and son, who is pretty well recovered and soon goes 
again to Edinburgh. He was brought very low in the 
spring by a rheumatic fever. 

Munday, September 25th, — Dozed a good deal from the 
remains of last week's full swing. Mr. Dawson and his 
wife here p.m. on their way to Sir Robert's, also the lad 
Davidson of Sprouston. Was some time in the glebe 
attending the cutting of my hay. Read a little of Rapin 
and the Abr. Chronol. Wrote to John Davidson to send 
a commission for somebody to appear for the Crown at 
the Presbytery of Chyrnside, and also to inform the 
Presbytery of the cause being appealed, or certainly to be 
appealed to the Peers. 

Tuesday, September 26th. — Breeze easterly, mostly sunny. 
Dobby came before dinner and staid till the evening. At 
evening and night read Rapin. Was a while in the glebe 
attending the cutting of a second crop of clover, which is 
very troublesome work. 

Wednesday, September 27th. — Read a good deal of Rapin 
and looked to some things in Camden. Also read part 
of the preface to Greenwood's English Grammar,^ which 



^ Adam Murray, minister of the Low Meeting House, Berwick, 1756, 
probably as assistant to John Turner ; of Abbey St. Bathans 1759 : and 
of Eccles 1774-97, 

2 James Greenwood, grammarian, pubhshed his Essay towards a Prac- 
tical English Grammar in 171 1, and it went through five editions by 1753. 
He also pubhshed his Royal English Grammar, which was in its eighth 



204 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

is a translation from Dr. Wallis with some additions. 
There are some very ingenious things in it. 

Thursday, September 2Sth. — Wrote and drew some more 
in the Table of the Saxon Heptarchy. Read at night 
some of Rapin. 

Friday, September 29th. — Walked to Home a.m. to see 
sick. Read some of Rapin and extracted from him the 
succession of English Monarchs from Egbert, so far as 
the 1st and 2nd volume goes. Robert TurnbuU came 
after tea, and Philip and Nancy betwixt 7 and 8, from 
Berwick by way of Whitsum. Philip gave us several 
anecdotes about the noble and learned London world 
which he had from his old acquaintance John Blair, ^ who 
has been seeing his friends in Scotland, and whom Philip 
saw in his passing and repassing by Berwick. Blair has 
been for some time a tutor to Prince Edward in History, 
Philosophy, and Mathematicks, and is a man remarkable 
for very general acquaintance. 

Saturday, September SOth. — Robert Turnbull and his 
niece staid till after tea. Had a walk in Sir Robert's 
planting before dinner, afterwards did something for to- 
morrow. Got my corn led in. 

Munday, October 2nd. — Was at Home a.m. Rest of the 
day wrought at my hay, of which I shall have a greater 
quantity than ever I had before. Evening, read what 
I had not read before of the August Review, in which there 
are too many silly articles relating to theology.^ 

Tuesday, October Srd.- — Weather the same. Philip set 
out for Berwick in the morning by way of Eccles. I 



edition by 1770. Ridpath evidently thought that the author owed 
much to the Grammatica Linguae Anglicanae (Oxford 1652) of John 
Wallis (1616-1703), a distinguished mathematician of his day. 

^ John Blair, a cousin of the Rev. Hugh Blair, attained distinction as 
a chronologist. He pubhshed fifty-six chronological tables illustrating 
the history of the world down to 1753, and was appointed chaplain to the 
Princess-Dowager of Wales and mathematical tutor to the Duke of York. 
He held several livings in the Church of England : died 1782. He was a 
friend of Alexander Carlyle, and is frequently mentioned by him in his 
Autobiography. 

* Theology, indeed, is the one subject about which Ridpath never read. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 205 

went to the Presbytery meeting on foot, Nancy and Will 
along with me. Had no business of consequence. Drank 
tea in Mr. Dawson's and came home in the evening. Read 
some in the July and August Scots Magazines. There 
are the distinctest maps I have seen of the country about 
Ticanderoga and Crown Point. 

Wednesday, October Uh. — Read some of Euclid with 
William Stevenson a.m. Read afterwards some of the 
Scots Magazines and of Rapin. Got a letter in the evening 
from James Allan, in which he informs me that he has 
wrote to Mr. M'Leod about his matrimonial project with 
Mrs. Keith, which has long been the talk of the country, 
and in which I have had reason to think there was some- 
thing serious, ever since I was last at Eyemouth. He 
tells me also he has seen letters from M'Leod to his 
daughter, which, no doubt, must have had some relation 
to that subject, as he says there was nothing in them 
absolutely forbidding. If the matter had been entire I 
would have exerted all my influence to have hindered this 
match, in which I see no sense, and no right prospects 
either to himself or relations : but perhaps it may do 
better than expectation. It seems to forebode nothing 
more certainly than poverty, a thing he himself has been 
so long acquainted with that by this time it need not 
appear to him any great evil. But perhaps the additional 
burden of approaching old age may make it the harder 
to bear, and it may almost be taken for granted that his 
mate will not think it so easy a matter. But nothing is 
more certain than that marriages are made in Heaven ; 
a multitude of unforeseen circumstances concurring to 
determine the general appetite to a particular choice, 
which, when fixed, must be borne the best way we are 
able, taking the attendant pains and inconveniences con- 
tentedly along with the pleasure, and endeavouring to 
diminisl^ the former as much as we can. 

Thursday, October 5th. — Read Rapin and some of Camden, 
who mixes his geography with many pieces of history and 
antiquity that often make it very entertaining. Wrote 
also some more of the Table of the Heptarchy, : 



206 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

Friday, October 6th, — All the day at Ednam, whither 
Messrs. Lundy and Turnbull also came as a Committee to 
protest against the carrying on of the building of Ednam 
Kirk, it being 20 inches narrower than the plan agreed to 
by the Presbytery at their visitation in March last ; which, 
however, we were satisfied to let pass if the walls had been 
made 14 feet high so as to admit a gallery. But the 
walls have been levelled at the height of 10 feet 4 inches, 
and one of the gavels is almost built, which made it 
necessary for us to stop the work or to provide a remedy 
by taking a protest against their finishing it of these 
dimensions in the hands of a Notary Public. We had 
employed M'llwraith in our plea about the manse, but he 
being out of the way, Lundy brought Charles Potts along 
with him, in whose hands a protest was accordingly taken. 
These heritors of Ednam have plagued us greatly about 
the Kirk and Manse, and we shall not yet have soon done 
with them. Staid till the evening ; amused not dis- 
agreeably with Bet Pollock, a very pretty, lively girlie. 
Evening and night read some of Rapin and looked over 
some of the third Book of Euclid. Wrote at Ednam to 
James Allan, and particularly some hints about his matri- 
monial project, which perhaps he may not like much, 
tho' thev mean no harm, 

Munday, October 9th. — Rode to Mackerston and preached 
from Eph. 5. 8. Colleagued with Alexander Duncan ; 
Finlater ^ of Lintoun there, who preached yesterday after- 
noon, also Andrew Chatto and his wife and D. Durham. 
Staid all night and had a good deal of comfortable chat. 

Tuesday, October 10th. — Came from Mackerston before 
dinner. Learned in the morning that the flood of yester- 
day had not carried away the coomb of Kelso Bridge, 
which is not a little strange. Read Rapin and a good 
deal of Camden, whose accounts of the ancient name of 
Britain and its inhabitants are very learned and ingeni- 
ous. Philip writes me that Slatehouse has a letter from 



^ Thomas Findlater, minister of West Linton 1731-73, son of Alexander 
Findlater, minister of Hamilton. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 207 

his son by the fleet just arrived from the Leeward Islands, 
informing him that he has sued for £120 for the sugar 
which Bridgewater had ordered to be put into his hands 
on PhiUp's account, and by next opportunity promises to 
send him a bill. He also writes that he is almost certain 
of getting the remainder. 'Tis a little odd, I think, that 
the bill has not come by the fleet. Perhaps he had not 
yet received the money. 

Wednesday, October 11th. — Jlead Rapin and Camden, in 
which latter I still find much entertainment. Camden's 
stile and descriptions are lively and not inelegant, and he 
intersperses many passages from ancient writers both in 
prose and verse, that make a very agreeable variety. 
Read some of Euclid with William Stevenson. 

Thursday, October 12th. — Got in my hay. Shaved in the 
forenoon and went to Harpertown in the afternoon with 
Nancy. Matthew Dysart also there with his daughters 
Bet and Jean. The young good-man not at home. Even- 
ing read some of Buchanan and wrote letters to Philip 
and James Allan, to go by Will, who sets out to-morrow 
to preach at Eyemouth. 

Saturday, October 14^/i.— Had a letter from John Bell of 
Gordon ^ in the morning desiring me to be to-morrow, 
as John Gowdie, who was to be with him, has fallen ill. 
Agreed to go ; read some of Rapin and looked to some- 
thing for to-morrow. 

Sunday, October 15th. — Lowring and cold, breeze east. 
Rode to Gordon, preached long in the churchyard, and 
served two Tables in the forenoon. Preached in the 
afternoon on Ps. 119. 57 in the Kirk, which held all the 
people. Francis Scot, Abraham Ker of Nenthorn, and 
William Guland of Legerwood there. Staid all night as 
it was darkening before we had done and I was to preach 
to-morrow. 



1 John Bell, minister of Gordon 1727-67, son of Robert Bell, minister 
of Crailing : married, 1733, Elizabeth, daughter of John Ewing of Craigton, 
W.S. His son Robert was licensed by the Presbytery of Earlston, but, 
apparently in terms of the will of his paternal grandfather, he went into 
the EngUsh Church and became a chaplain R.N. 



208 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

Munday^ October IQth. — Preached on the same text ; 
colleagued with JohnHume. Lady Greenknowe,^ her sister, 
and Ann Gibson, staying there, dined with us. The Lady 
a woman of much humour ; she got fairly the better of 
John Hume. A good deal entertained with her and John 
Hume. Polly Home, who is staying in John Bell's at 
the manse, very frank and natural, proposed that I should 
carry her to Eccles, where she wants to make a. visit. 
This, together with John Hume's consenting to stay along 
with me, engaged me to stay another night, which was 
spent very agreeably. 

Tuesday, October 17th. — Misses Bell and Home ^ came 
here along with me and dined, and I accompanied them 
to Eccles Manse, w^here we staid all night. Found all the 
Dysart family at home and were very hearty. My own two 
ladies gave a specimen of acting Douglas, in which Polly 
Home performed beyond expectation, very naturally, and 
her companion showed an uncommon degree of spirit. 

Wednesday, October 18th. — Dined at Eccles and then 
escorted Miss Bell, on her way home, to the top of Sweet- 
hope Edge, She is really a very fine girl, both for sense 
and spirit ; and it is a pity that an eruption on her face 
should have spoilt her looks much, which were abundantly 
agreeable. But the gifts of nature are wisely balanced. 
Came home about the darkening. Dozed and mended 
some things about my clothes for my visit to-morrow. 

Thursday, October 19th. — Saw James Richardson from 
Newcastle, who called just before I set out for Greenlaw 
upon an appointment there with John Hume and Matthew 
Dysart to see Lord Marchmont. We were very lucky in 
finding nobody there but My Lord,^ the Lady, and Lord 



^ Probably Sophia, daughter of James Pringle of Torwoodlee. She 
married in 1729 Adam Fairholm of Greenhill, whose first -vyife had been 
Isobel Pringle of Greenknowe. 

2 Probably Mary Home, eldest daughter of William Home, minister of 
Fogo, and afterwards wife of John Home, the author of Douglas. 

3 Hugh, third Earl of Marchmont, art able man and a leading supporter 
of the Tory party when he was in the House of Commons. It was he who 
commenced the erection of the present house of Marchmont (now largely 
altered) in 1750. '" * .^. ........,,.-. .;.. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 209 

Register, who has been ten or twelve days in the country, 
besides ourselves and two other ministers, John Gowdie 
of Earlston and Francis Scot. My Lord introduced soon 
the Hutton business and gave me the opportunity of 
putting into his hands the information which I had carried 
along with me, and which he had not seen before. He 
expressed abundant keenness about the affair, assured me 
of dispatch with the Peers, and recommended it to me to 
take care to have copies of these Informations for the use 
of some of the Peers, such as Hardwicke, Mansfield, etc. 
He was so good as to challenge me at coming away, for 
this being only the second time of my having seen him. 
The true reason of which, besides the aversion I have 
to be dangling on the great, was chiefly a scruple at 
making court to a rival and adversary of Lord Home, to 
whom I have been so much obliged, and whose interest 
I could scarce be justified in opposing, were it not in a 
case where the interest of a brother is so fundamentally 
concerned. Had also the pleasure of seeing Lady March- 
mont, a very amiable woman, and at present looking very 
well. Called, along with my companions, at Willy Home's, 
where our intended quarters were preoccupied by Francis 
Scot and John Gowdie. So returned to Greenlaw and 
spent the night there. 

Friday, October 20th. — Left Greenlaw about 11. Saw some 
sick at Home and came home to dine. Dozed a good deal 
afternoon and evening. Will came from his Eyemouth 
peregrination, last from Berwick, on James Allan's horse, 
and brought the August Magazines, most of which I read. 

Munday, October 23rd, — Mr. Lundy breakfasted here, 
on his way to Saltoun, where his father is unwell.^ In 
the afternoon went to Sir Robert's and bid farewell to the 
Captain, who goes away to-morrow. Willy Hall and his 
sister there besides some other company. 



^ Mr. Lundy 's father 'was Archibald Lundy, minister of Saltoun 1696- 
1759, when he died ' Father of the Church/ He had three sons, ministers 
respectively of the parishes of Oldhamstocks, Trinity, Edinburgh, and 
Kelso. Carlyle describes the father as ' a pious and primitive old man, 
very respectful in his manner and very kind.' 

O 



210 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

Tuesday, October 2Mh. — James Davidson here at break- 
fast, also Robert Turnbull, buying some timber from Sir 
Robert. Rode with Robert to the Synod, where Douglas ^ 
was chosen Moderator. He seems to be a sensible man. 
Had no business. Dined and supped in J. Waldie's, and 
drank tea in Mr. Dawson's, where himself and Minna have 
been very ill of the cold. Sate pretty late at Waldie's, 
and rode home about two in the morning. Heard this 
morning that David Duncan died of the gravel on Sunday 
last. He is to be buried to-morrow. ^ 

Wednesday, October 25th. — Did not return to the Synod, 
as there was nothing to do except go through the usual 
concluding forms. Sandy Herriot and his wife, who had 
been at Kelso, and Jolly, ^ also John Waugh, together with 
James Allan and his sister Betty,* here at dinner. Lord 
Borthwick,^ who has been a good while past at Sir Robert's, 
called in the afternoon and drank tea; a good sort of 
body and not without some knowledge. 

Thursday, October 26th. — James Allan set out in the 
morning on a visit to Riddell, and left Bessy, his sister, 
here. I rode down to Ednam about midday to meet 
with Robert Hevmer and his bride from Northumberland. 
They came about 2, and I married them in Mr. Pollock's. 
Mr. Pollock and Mr. Trotter came up here and dined. I 
dined at the bridegroom's, where were only a few relations 



1 John Douglas, minister of Jedburgh 1758-68. 
• 2 David Duncan (see p. 190, n. i). 

^ John Jolly, minister of Simprin 1757-61 : translated to Coldingham : 
died 1792. 

* James Allan's two sisters were, according to the Fasti Eccl. Scot., 
Margaret, who married George Craw of Netherbyres, and Grace, who 
married Andrew Edgar, merchant, Eyemouth. The Betty mentioned by 
Ridpath must have been a third. 

^ Henry Borthwick of Mayshiel, de jure fifteenth Lord Borthwick and 
eleventh in actual possession of the dignity : second son of Captain Henry 
Borthwick of Pilmuir, who was himself in right of the peerage for four days, 
the period which he survived his kinsman. Col. William Borthwick of 
Johnstontown. On the death of his elder brother, Henry succeeded to 
the title, but did not get his claim formally acknowledged by the House of 
Lords till 1762. His mother, Mary Pringle, was an aunt of Sir Robert, 
which explains his presence at Stitchel. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 211 

and neighbours. Slept on the former part of the fifth 
Book of EucHd, which had gone more out of my head 
than I imagined. 

Friday, October 27th. — Went through the fifth Book of 
Euclid, which lost me an hour or two. James Allan 
cast up from his Riddel visit in the evening. Chatted 
most of the day and night with Betty aiTd him. He is 
fairly entangled with Mrs. K., but I apprehend will be 
freed by M'Leod's not giving security for what remains 
of her fortune, which is only £600. Keith, it seems, who 
also thwarts the match with all his might, having got 
hold of £400 of the original £1000. It is an unhappy 
affair, but of a nature from which it would seem that 
no degree of wisdom can certainly exempt any man.^ 

Saturday, October 2Sth. — Mr. Allan and his sister left us 
in the morning. Then prepared for to-morrow and read 
Camden and some of Rapin. Mr. Lundy came about 
midday and dined. His father is better. 

Sunday, October 29th. — Have had some cold for the last 
two days, of which a distillation from the nose has been 
the chief symptom. It has been, and still is, very 
epidemical. 

Munday, October SOth. — Weather the same, some rain 
last night. Read a good deal of Rapin. Have gone 
through a second time the History of the Heptarchy, 
which at best is very confused and imperfect, yet neces- 
sary to be known as a foundation for what follows. Walked 
to the Lint Mill to see the people there very ill of the 
epidemic cold. Better to-day myself, though still dripping 
from the nose. 

Tuesday, October Slst. — Wrote out the Table of the 
Heptarchy, the sitting and attention to which agreed ill 
with my . cold, which is rather worse than yesterday. 
Read some of Rapin and all the newspapers. 

Wednesday, November 1st. — Went to the Presbj^ery, 
where we had a scandal and a good deal of conversation 



^ James Allan's matrimonial projects came to nothing, as lie died a 
bachelor in 1767. 



212 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

about the business of Ednam kirk, manse, etc. Attended 
at night a Library meeting, when we could do Uttle but 
make our payments, which amounted to a considerable 
sum, the meeting being pretty throng. John Waldie had 
not got the bookseller's account, and we want to be clear 
with him in the first place. We did not give any new 
commissions. Waldie also informed us that he could no 
longer conveniently keep our books, which introduced 
various proposals about our being accommodated with a 
place and keeper, but we could fix on nothing certain. It 
was referred to a Committee appointed last year to inspect 
the Library to take care of this affair. 

Thursday, November 2nd. — A great flood in the river, 
which carried away in the morning the coomb of the new 
arch of the Kelso Bridge, which had been loosened from 
the stonework they were just beginning to take to pieces. 
This will be some more loss, though probably not great. 
There was no boating till the afternoon, so that the Fair, 
which was to-day, gained greatly by the passage the 
Bridge gave to people on foot. Stayed in Mr. Lundy*s 
till after dinner. Wrote in the forenoon a Memorial about 
the affair of Ednam kirk and manse, etc., which was 
yesterday entrusted to a Committee of us who were in 
Mr. Lundy's. Called at Mr. Dawson's p.m., where I sate 
a little with Lady Don and Sir Alexander, who were 
making some marketing there. The Lady spoke civilly 
of the disappointment in being away when I went to see 
her, and hoped I would come again. Came home in the 
evening. Dozed and read some of Rapin. 

Munday, November 6th. — Wrote to G. Wallace and 
Davidson a.m. Afternoon was at Home seeing sick. 
Evening and night made some extracts from Rapin, and 
wrote a considerable part of a letter to Ephraim Nealson, 
which I should have wrote long ago. 

Tuesday, November 7th. — Finished my letter to Ephraim. 
W. Stevenson here a.m., and with him I read some of 
Euclid. Dr. Miller also called in passing. He told us 
that Willy Ramsay is made the Duke of Roxburgh's 
Commissioner. Evening, made some extracts in a chrono- 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 213 

logical order from the beginning of Rapin ; at night looked 
to something for to-morrow at Kelso. 

Wednesday, November 8th. — Preached at Kelso on the 
Fast day before the Sacrament from Matt. 5. 4. Col- 
leagued with James Turnbull and Matthew Dysart. 

Thursday, November 9th. — In the forenoon saw some sick 
in the town ; afterwards read Rapin. In the evening 
read Camden, who is so agreeable a miscellany that often 
when I take him up I cannot easily lay him down again. 
At night read some of Euclid. 

Friday, November 10th. — ^Read Rapin and Camden, and 
made some more extracts from the latter. Read also 
almost all the September Review, where there are some 
curious enough things. 

Saturday, November 11th. — Read Rapin and prepared 
for to-morrow and corrected a lecture of J. Sked's for the 
Divinity Hall.^ Got a letter from Davidson to-day and 
another from G. Wallace yesterday. Davidson informs 
me that he had wrote by the same post that brought mine 
to the Crown's agent at London to make the appeal in 
the Hutton affair as soon as possible after the meeting of 
the Peers. He also tells me what Marchmont recommended 
about putting the Informations in the affair before the 
Court of Session into the hands of the principal Peers is 
what they always attend to in Appeals, and will be taken 
care of in this. 

Sunday, November 12th. — Preached at home on 1 Cor. 1. 
23. 24, and then rode down to Kelso, where I did nothing 
but dismiss the forenoon school-house with a prayer, 
Messrs. Pollock, Turnbull, and Lundy having despatched 
the preaching work. James Turnbull came and preached 
in the school-house p.m. Drank tea at Mr. Dawson's and 
lodged in Dr. Gibson's. 

Munday, November 13th. — Messrs. Chatto and Leek 
preached. Drank tea at the Doctor's and made a call at 



^ John Sked, who is mentioned frequently in the Diary, was a poor lad 
in the parish who eked out a scanty living by making baskets. He was 
licensed by the Presbytery of Kelso in 1763, and was presented to Abbey 
St. Bathans in 1774 : died 181 3, aged seventy-six. 



214 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

Dr. Thompson's with Nancy, the Miss Pollocks, and 
Minna Dawson. Betty Pollock, a very pretty, natural 
thing, afforded a good deal of agreeable amusement. 

Tuesday f November 14<th. — Saw sick in the town a.m. 
Evening finished nearly the correction of Sked's lecture, 
and slept on the September Review. 

Wednesday, November 15th. — Read to an end the Sep- 
tember Review. Afternoon went to Home to see sick, and 
.drank tea at Mr. Stevenson's in passing. Finished Sked's 
lecture. 

Thursday, November IQth. — Went to dine at Newton, 
where I was received with abundance of civility. W. 
Brown of Maxton ^ there and his wife and Robert Scot of 
Sandyknowe. In the newspapers the most considerable 
thing is the Laureate Whitehead's Birthday Ode,^ which 
is no contemptible work. Heard at Sir Alexander's that 
the two Misses Hamilton, celebrated Edinburgh beauties, 
are married or to be married to the Earl of Selkirk ^ and 
Lord Aberdour.* 

Friday, November 17th. — Read a little of Rapin. Sked 
here in the afternoon, getting his lecture. John Hume of 
Greenlaw came in the evening and stayed all night. His 
son's call to Polwarth was moderated yesterday, and he 
will be settled with all possible dispatch. John desires 
me to be at the admission, which will give me an oppor- 
tunity, I hope, of seeing Marchmont again before he leaves 
.the country. 

Saturday, November 18^^.— John Hume stayed till after 
dinner. Robert Turnbull came to tea on his way home 
from Edinburgh, where he had gone to attend the Com- 



1 William Brown (see ante, p. i86, n. i) married, 1753, Isobel Kirkwood, 
Lessudden. 

2 William Whitehjead (1715-85), Poet Laureate 1758 : author of many 
birthday odes. 

3 Dunbar Hamilton, fourth Earl of Selkirk, married, 3rd December 
1758, Helen, fifth daughter of the Hon. John Hamilton, second son of 
Thomas, sixth Earl of Haddington. 

* Sholto Charles, Lord Aberdour, afterwards fourteenth Earl of Morton, 
married, 19th November 1758, Katherine, the third daughter of the Hon. 
John Hamilton above mentioned. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 215 

mission. It was with difficulty they could get a quorum, 
and there was no business of consequence. Robert 
brought me out the paper that G. Wallace had prepared 
on the cause of Hutton, in case our lawyers had resolved 
to reclaim after last decision, which I have some thoughts 
of putting into Marchmont's hands. Did something for 
to-morrow, and amused myself a little with looking over 
the Parish Register of Births and Proclamations. •*• 

Munday, November 20th. — Forenoon saw sick at Home. 
Afternoon went with Nancy to Sir Robert's and sate till 
after supper. They are now by themselves after a long 
run of company. 

Tuesday, November 21st — Wrought on Rapin, extracting 
from him the accounts of the births, deaths, offspring, etc. 
of the Saxon Kings and disposing them in the manner of 
Henault, which is very distinct and commodious. 

Wednesday, November 22nd. — Saw sick in the town a.m. 
Extracted more from Rapin. At night read the last 
satire but one of the second Book of Horace, which is 
properly a satire on himself. Many fine strophies in it, 
and some very good notes, especially of Torrentius, in 
the variorum edition. A reference from these notes to 
Plautus's Mostellaria led me to read most of the first act 
of the play, which I found extremely entertaining. 

Friday, November 24<th. — Was extracting from Rapin 
when I got a letter from Robert Turnbull at Mr. Pollock's 
desiring me to dine there. Rode down with Nancy and 
stayed at Sprouston till after tea. 

Saturday, November 25th. — Weather the same ; blew 
some time hard at night from W. to N. and froze. Minna 
Dawson here all day. Did something for to-morrow. 

Sunday, November 26th. — A remarkable meteor seen 
about 9 o'clock. 

Munday, November 27th. — Saw sick in the town a.m. 
Mr. Pollock, Mrs. Pollock, and Miss Bett, also Robert 
Turnbull, his niece, and Mr. Lundy came to dine accord- 



1 Stitchel Parish Registers go back to 1640, but the older parts of them 
are not in very good condition. 



216 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

ing to agreement last Friday. Very well amused all day 
and night. Mr. Pollock and his wife left us, the rest 
stayed. Drew paper likenesses of our guests ; Betty 
Pollock a very sweet one. 

Tuesday, November 2Sth. — Guests stayed till near the 
evening ; Messrs. Turnbull and Lundy carried Bett 
Pollock home. Alv Stevenson staved and fell to work 
immediately after they were gone to transcribe G. Wallace's 
paper for putting into Lord Marchmont's hands, and 
wrought at it till past twelve, with very little interval. 

Wednesday, November 29th. — Rode to Home a.m. seeing 
sick ; rest of the day employed in transcribing the rest 
of G. Wallace's paper, which is very diffuse. Messrs. 
Turnbull and Lundy came in the evening, the former to 
go along with me to Polwarth to-morrow, by invitation 
from John Hume. 

Thursday, November SOth. — Robert Turnbull and I set 
out for Polwarth at 10 ; got ourselves heartily wet. Part 
of Johnson's sermon was done, but we got a sufficient 
specimen of it. It was far from being a contemptible 
work, and the pronunciation and delivery of it very 
accurate and what may be called pretty. A very good 
imitation of R. Walker, but not so easy and natural. 
Dined at Lord Marchmont's with the rest of the clergy 
and put G. Wallace's paper into his hands, which he 
received very graciously. Bade Nancy Burnet farewell 
and went over to Willy Hume's, where I stayed with 
Robert Turnbull all night. Anderson, Laurie, and Cupples 
also there. Very hearty. 

Friday, December 1st — Robert Turnbull and I with 
Laurie and W. Hume came to Greenlaw to dine, where 
were also Matthew Dysart, and set out on a very bad, 
wet evening. Laurie and Robert Turnbull came over 
here and stayed all night. Got a good profile of Laurie's 
face and bust. 

Saturday, December 2nd. — Laurie went away before we 
had got up. Robert Turnbull and his niece about mid- 
day. Did afterwards something for to-morrow, and made 
some more genealogical extracts from Rapin. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 217 

Monday, December Uh, — Went to Edward Fairbairn*s 
burial. Did not go so far as Gordon, but turned back 
by Hardie's Mill-place to see the girl Fairbairn there who 
is seized with a strange nervous disorder. Evening 
finished the extracts so far as I intend at present from 
the two first volumes of Rapin. Slept on Plautus. 

Tuesday, December 5th. — Read in the evening John 
Knox ; did also something for to-morrow. 

Wednesday, December 6th. — Preached on Ps. 145. 15-16. 
Lady Don and Minna Dawson in the Kirk. Thanksgiving 
Day appointed for good harvest by last Synod. Evening 
and night read a good deal of John Knox. 

Thursday, December 7th. — Read some of the Abrige 
Chronologique and much of John Knox, whose History 
improves a good deal from the beginning of his second 
book. 

Friday, December Sth. — Read John Knox with a good 
deal of entertainment ; his conversations with the Queen 
are very original and very unmodern. Saw sick in the 
town a.m. 

Saturday, December 9th. — Prepared for to-morrow and 
read John Knox, who affords me far more entertainment 
than I expected from him. 

Munday, December 11th. — Baptized and saw sick at 
Home and Hairy Heugh a.m. Robert Aymer's young 
wife here at tea ; a very agreeable sample of the beauty 
and spirit of the English commons. Read in the evening 
to the end John Knox's History, supplement and all, 
and some of the additional papers. Slept on Valerius 
Maximus,^ who has very fine things in him. 

Tuesday, December 12th. — Went to the Presbytery, 
drank tea at Mrs. Dawson's, and the evening being bad 
and Minna promising to go up with me to-morrow, I went 
over to Lundy's and stayed all night. Messrs. Robert 
and James Turnbull also there. Andrew Chatto also in 
town with his wife ; supped with us in Mr. Lundy's. 



1 Valerius Maximus, a Latin author who completed a large collection 
of historical anecdotes under the title of De Factis Dictisque Memorabilibus 
IJbri IX. 



218 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

James Turnbull informed me of a purpose of marriage he 
has with his cousin, the eldest Miss Rutherford, in Berwick, 
and desired me to attend him thither to marry him, first 
day of the New Year, which I readily agreed to. 

Wednesday, December 13th. — Breakfasted in Mr. Lundy's, 
called at Andrew Chatto's boy's room, and saw Mrs. 
Chatto. The eldest boy has had the small-pox, and is 
very well recovered. Brought up Mina behind me. The 
lad Davidson of Sprouston here at dinner. Mina stayed 
all night helping Nancy with a gown. Read a little of 
the Account of the Colonies of N. America, which I brought 
up from the Library. It is wrote with elegance, and is 
now said to be known as a production of Melmoth.^ 

Thursday, December lUh. — Three of the elders here to 
examine our year's accounts and count the box. Willy 
Dawson and his young wife, Thomas Lee and his wife 
here at tea. The young pair seem to thrive on matri- 
mony. Read some more of the Account of America 
where Columbus, its first discoverer, is represented as a 
very compleat hero, and a much more favourable idea is 
given of Cortez than I had formed from Solis' History of 
his conquest, which I read long ago.^ 

Friday, December 15th. — Read some more of the Account 
of America with no small entertainment. Evening wrote 
in to the book of Poors Money last year's articles, and 
made a balance which is not so exact as it should be, 
but much more so than usual. Mina left us in the 
forenoon. 

Saturday, December 16th. — Prepared for to-morrow and 
read to an end the Account of America, a work that dis- 
covers great sense, extensive views, a good taste, and, 
what is more than all the rest, an uncommon spirit of 
goodness and humanity. Perhaps it would have been 



1 I cannot trace this to Melmoth. 

2 Don Antonio de Solis, born at Alcala de Henares in 1610 : Ms Con- 
quista de Mexico appeared in 1684, a brilliant, perspicuous work which, 
for its elegance of style and vividness of description, has become a Spanish 
Classic. It is, however, by no means impartial, and the author has been 
accused, perhaps justly, of bigotry and fanaticism. He died 1686. 



1758] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 219 

more judicious in so short a work to have sacrificed some 
fine writing and ingenious reflexions to a few more im- 
portant facts that might have filled usefully their place. 
But it is idle to detract from a work that in other respects 
has so much merit as justly to entitle it to a place amongst 
our first-rate modern productions. The stile and com- 
position very much 'resemble those of Melmoth's other 
writings, which are all more remarkable for a certain 
uniform smoothness than for nerves or strength. 

Munday, December 18th. — Saw sick forenoon. Evening 
and night read the Life of Knox, which Ruddiman some- 
where ascribes to Crawford, the Professor of Church 
History. There is not a great deal more to be learned 
from its relating to the author than from John's own 
History. Read also part of D. Buchanan's Preface.^ 

Tuesday, December 19th. — Read D. Buchanan's Preface 
to an end, where there is some good, rough sense and 
some gleanings and conjectures relating to the antiquities 
and history of Scotland, that are not contemptible, though 
incorrect. Philip came after dinner by may of Whitsum, 
where he was stormstaid yesterday. Chatted away even- 
ing and night with him. 

Wednesday, December 20th. — Read some of the October 
Magazine which Philip brought along with him. Robert 
Turnbull came before dinner, and Mr. Lundy p.m., and 
stayed all night. Had abundance of sport about our 
Naiad, 2 with whom Lundy is most certainly in love, and 
not improbably may marry her. He came to seek supply 
for an expedition he has on hands to Lothian and partly 
succeeded. 

Thursday, December 21st. — Most lowring, breeze S.W. 
Guests left us a.m. Read the news, where is nothing. 
Got Payne's Chronicle ^ for the first time. I imagine the 

1 David Buchanan (1590-1652), son of William Buchanan of Arnprior : 
after a residence of some years in Paris he returned to Scotland and was 
the author or editor of several works on Scottish history, biography, and 
topography. 

2 The Naiad was Ridpath's pet name for Bessy Pollock, a daughter of 
the minister of Ednam. 

3 This was probably the Universal Chronicle^ or Weekly Gazette^ published 



220 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1758 

paper called The Idler is published in it. The number 
in this not a bad one ; also some other miscellaneous 
things in verse and prose, all pretty good. Read to an 
end the October Magazine, 

Friday, December 22nd. — Rode to Eccles before dinner 
with Philip, and stayed all night. Our principal subject 
the Naiad and Mr. Lundy in love, in which we certainly 
dealt too freelv. But nearest the heart nearest the mouth. 
Had the satisfaction to find all there of the same opinion 
as to the Nymph's beauty.^ 

Saturday, December 2Srd. — Came from Eccles before 
dinner. Looked to something for to-morrow, and read 
over again part of the first volume of the Account of 
America. Phihp had a letter from G. Trotter's son at 
Edinburgh, which afforded no small diversion. 

Tuesday, December 26th. — Rode to Hardy's Mill Place 
to see Mary Fairbairn, very ill of a very anomalous nervous 
distemper. Andrew Chatto and the bridegroom came 
just after dinner and stayed all night. Got two very 
good profiles of their faces. 

Wednesday, December 27th. — The bridegroom left us 
after dinner. Andrew Chatto stayed all night. We had 
a project of going to Eccles in the evening, but dropt it. 
Edmund Dodds buried to-day. I attended the funeral 
part of the road to Eccles. 

Thursday, December 28th. — Andrew Chatto accompanied 
us to Ednam on our way to Sprouston, Nancy along with 
us. Mr. Pollock, his wife and two daughters, and Mr. 
Lundy and his sister also there. Still, I believe foolishly, 
conspired to fondle the Naiad, and spent the evening in a 
sort of mirth, more wild than elegant. 

Friday, December 29th. — Mr. Pollock's family went 



by Newbery, London. In it appeared, on 15th April 1758, the first of 
Dr. Johnson's essays called The Idler. The Payne mentioned in the text 
was, in all likelihood, John Payne the bookseller of Paternoster Row, 
and a friend of Johnson : but I do not know that he had any connection 
with the Universal Chronicle. 

^ Mr. Lundie married, a few years after this, somebody else, and there 
is no record of the Naiad having married at all. 



17591 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 221 

home, and the rest of us set out together with Robert 
TurnbuU and his niece for Kelso, where we dined and 
stayed all night. Drunk tea in Mr. Dobby's, and John 
Miller supped with us in Mr. Lundy's, where we had much 
laughter about our gallantry. I could wish, however, to 
see the affair betwixt Mr. Lundy and the Naiad brought 
to an end. He is evidently catched, and as evidently 
will not have his sister on his side ; and what is worst of 
all, it looks as if Mr. Pollock's people and the sweet child, 
herself expected something serious. 

Saturday, December SOth. — Came home after 10, and 
rode to Home to a meeting about the poor's affairs. 
Nancy and Philip and Miss Lundy, a very good, sensible 
woman, came up after me. Miss Lundy returned after 
tea. Then dozed and did something for to-morrow. 



1759 

Munday, January 1st. — Set out at 8 in the morning, and, 
according to appointment, met with James Turnbull at 
Cornhill. Found old Thomas Rutherford and Goudie at 
Scythe's boat-house, where we dined, and afterwards rode 
over to Bailie Rule's at Bound-Road, where the bride, in a 
chaise, with her brother and sister, arrived a few minutes 
after us. Ceremony quickly over, and we got to Berwick in 
the darkening. Drank tea at Mr. Waite's ^nd drest, and 
afterwards went and supped in Mr. Rutherford's, where 
were only, besides the family, Gowdie, the bridegroom, 
J. Miller, and myself. Gowdie and I sat late with the 
Messrs. Rutherfords. Rather too little acquainted with 
both males and females of the family to be perfectly at 
my ease, though both this and the following days were 
spent not disagreeably. 

Tuesday, January 2nd. — Breakfasted and dined with the 
bridegroom and bride. Called at my aunt's, Mr. Stanton's, 
and the Doctor's. James Allan and John Waugh came 
to town in the evening, and I spent it with them in Mr. 
Waite's. They had been yesterday at the burial of Mr. 



222 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

Trotter ^ of Edrom, whose death I had not heard of till 
yesterday. James Allan, in fulfilment of a concert made 
some weeks before, of which Philip had informed me, got 
Sir John Stuart to write a letter to Lord Marchmont for 
a Presentation to Will, which was sent by an express last 
Friday. It required a good deal of communing and per- 
suasion to obtain this letter ; and James Allan learned 
from Walter Anderson that the lady had repented of the 
measure and was threatening to have all reversed. On 
this, James Allan had wrote a letter to Sir John, one to 
Charles Smith, the lady's father, enclosed to him, and to 
be sent or supprest at pleasure, and one to W. Cochran, 
who was witness to the conversation that preceded Sir 
John's writing to Marchmont, all tending to the same 
point .of confirming Sir John against temptations from 
the lady. These letters James Allan read to me, and 
they were dispatched by the post. 

Wednesday, Jammry Srd. — ^Learned from James Allan 
in the morning that his marriage affair remains yet un- 
determined, Macleod has never answered his letter, but 
promises to meet his daughter betwixt Edinburgh and 
Eyemouth, after this Christmas holidays are over. James 
seems to wish the thing may succeed. I most heartily 
wish the contrary, as nothing in all probable views can 
promise less good. Bridegroom's company set out a little 
after 10. The second girl, Polly, rode behind me. The 
bride and Hajma single. The day was very favourable. 
We dined elegantly at Cornhill and got very safe to 
Linton betwixt four and five. Spent the night by our- 
selves. 

Thursday, January Uh. — Mr. Chatto and his wife, to- 
gether with Philip, who had come to Morbattle last night, 
also Thomas Rutherford's brother and the girl Quarry 
dined with us. Spent our time very merrily, Philip 
contributing not a little to our glee. He stayed all night. 
The rest left us in the evening. 



^ Alexander Trotter of Leetbrae (1677-1758), minister of Edrom : son 
of Captain Alexander Trotter, who fought at Killiecrankie, a cadet of the 
family of Trotter of Prentonan. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 223 

Friday, Jammry 5th. — Our Linton company dined and 
drank tea at Morebattle. We returned about seven at 
night, ' and by the help of cross-questions, crambo, etc., 
spent it very heartily. 

Saturday, January 6th. — Andrew Chatto came over and 
dined, drank tea, and supped with us. Our living too 
plentiful, but I always bear this better after a few days 
seasoning than at first. 

Munday, January 8th. — The bad forenoon kept us all at 
Linton till after dinner, when I set out homeward and 
Philip and Thomas Rutherford, younger, for Berwick. 
The old man and one of his daughters propose to set out 
to-morrow, the other stays a while. I called at Mr. 
Dawson's and stayed till the news came, which brought 
nothing remarkable. Got a letter from James Allan 
enclosing a copy of Sir John Stuart's answer to his 
mentioned above, which, though tolerably clear as to his 
own adhering to Will, yet leaves a hole to get out of, by 
declaring that he will not force a minister on the other 
heritors, and seems to say that this was mentioned as a 
condition in the conversation with Mr. Allan, previous to 
his writing to Lord Marchmont. He also says that he 
had obtained J. Renton's consent except in one event, 
which, I suppose, is Lord Home's giving a Presentation 
to some other. 'Tis a pity, on an event attended with 
so much uncertainty, to have bestowed the certain expence 
of an express, especially in our circumstances. 

Tuesday, January 9th. — Rode to Fallside Hill and Home 
to baptize and see "sick. Read the Edinburgh papers and 
some of the last November Review, which I brought from 
Kelso last night. Also wrote to Philip about this letter 
of Sir John Stuart's, and filled up my accounts and 
Journal. 

Thursday, January 11th. — Read more of the Account 
of America a.m. John Waugh, who had brought his wife 
to Ednam yesterday, called in passing towards Yarrow. 
Cupples had come along with him to Ednam, and came up 
thence before dinner. Nancy and I went down with him 
to Ednam, and stayed all night. Robert Turnbull dined 



224 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

at Sir Robert's, called in passing and drank tea with us 
at Ednam. Spent the night somewhat wildly, as usual 
excited by the sweet lassie, Bett Pollock, with whom 
Cupples seems to be as much captivated as anybody. I 
was fully resolved not to go near her for a good while, but 
who can foresee such temptations. 

Friday, January 12th. — Stayed at Ednam till after 
dinner. Cupples and Mrs. Waugh and Nancy and I set 
out at the same time. Falling off my sleep in the morning, 
spent it making rebuses, Cupples having put me in the 
humour by one he made on the Naiad. These afforded 
some mirth. After coming home, dozed and read more 
than half the second volume of Melmoth's Account of 
America. 

Saturday, January 13th. — Weather the same, wind very 
high all night. It put me in mind of the great wind on 
the 17th January 1739, which also happened at full moon, 
and with an eclipse, though this was far from being so 
violent. Got the first volume of Sir William Temple's ^ 
works from the Library. I wrote for that which has his 
introduction to the English History. But as this other is 
come I shall read it through. Read a good deal of his 
Memoirs when employed as Plenipotentiary at Nimeguen. 
They are very entertaining. Did also something for to- 
morrow. 

Munday, January 15th. — Read Sir Williara Temple, who, 
on many accounts, deserves the reputation he has long 
maintained of an excellent writer ; there is a fine collec- 
tion of uncommon learning and curious political specula- 
tion in his treatise on Heroick Virtue. Rule was here 
cleaning the clock, and John Miller drank tea with us. 

Tuesday, January 16^/^.^Examined in the Kirk, first 
time for the season ; afternoon saw sick at Home. Drank 
tea and sate till eight with W. Stevenson, who has been 
sore distrest with a cold, and is now confining himself for 
it. Read at night near to the end of Sir William Temple's 

^ Sir William Temple (1628-99), the patron of Swift, who assisted 
him in editing his Memoirs, pubhshed his Introduction to the History 
oj England in 1695, 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 225 

Memoirs of the Peace of Nimeguen,^ where the French, as 
usual, showed their great talents for negotiating. 

Wednesday, January 17th. — Examined in the Kirk. 
Read to the end of Temple's Memoirs, and the greatest 
part of his work on the United States. 

Thursday, January ISth. — Read some more of Sir William 
Temple's account of the Netherlands, and was in the 
evening at Sir Robert's. Himself and Miss Polly had 
gone to Edinburgh this morning, where Miss Polly is to 
stay the rest of the winter. Sate till after eight with Mrs. 
Pringle ^ and Maddy. 

Sunday, January 21st. — Had a letter from Philip in the 
morning, in which he writes me there is yet no account 
about the Edrom affair. It is probable it is trafficking 
for a vote. The papers say that the merchants have 
accounts of the King of Spain's death. ^ 

Munday, January 22nd. — A.m. at Home seeing sick. 
Saw also W. Stevenson in passing, who is still confined, 
but a good deal better. Read some things in Bishop 
Burnet that have relation to Sir William Temple's works. 
The Thompsons came in the evening and stayed all night, 
which was rather disturbed than entertained by their 
everlasting clack. The widow, however, is a soft agree- 
able sort of woman. 

Tuesday, January 2Srd. — The damsels left us about 11. 
I examined afterwards in the Kirk. Jimmy Dawson 
called in the evening, a sturdy, well-looked lad. Had 
some talk with him relating to the last French expedition, 
where he was. He talked sensibly enough about it. 



^ The actual title of the book is — Memoirs of what past in Christendom 
from the War begun 1672 to the Peace concluded 1679. 

^ The Mrs. Pringle who lived with Sir Robert (whose own wife had died 
in 1739) was probably the wife of his son Gilbert, the Captain of Dragoons. 
She was the daughter and heiress of John Pringle of Torsonce, and brought 
that estate into the family. 

' The information in the text was incorrect. The Queen of Spain, 
Madeleine Therese, daughter of John v., King of Portugal, had died 
27th August 1758. King Ferdinand, her husband, was so much affected 
by her death that he himself died 29th August 1759 at the comparatively 
early age of forty-six. 

P 



226 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATII [1759 

Read in the evening Williamson's Relation of his adven- 
tures, ^ which was brought me by young Robert Heymer, 
who was mending something here in the afternoon. Most 
of it is paltry stuff. 

Thursday, January 25th. — Examined at Fallside Hill 
and saw W. Stevenson in passing, who is a good deal 
better. To-day and Tuesday's papers give an account 
of a discovery made of the conspiracy against the King of 
Portugal, from which he so very narrowly escaped. The 
conspirators were, it seems, some of the principal of his 
nobility, one of whom, the Duke de Avaro, was to have 
been made King. Many of them are seized. ^ Evening 
chiefly spent in reading these news. Had a letter from 
Philip, in which he writes me that James Allan has had a 
letter from Marchmont informing him that he had applied 
for and obtained a promise of the Presentation to Edrom, 
which he hoped soon to send down. Wrote to Philip 
and slept on Burnet. 

Friday, January 2Qth. — Went to Kelso with Nancy en 
croupe chiefly to see Jimmy Dawson. Sir Alexander Don 
and his lady dined in Mr. Dawson's, also J. Miller. After- 
wards drank tea with the Thomsons, Minna, Jimmy, and 
John Miller being along. Stayed there till 8. Drew some 
profiles and rode home betwixt 8 and 9. Denied myself 
the sport of the rest of the night, principally for the sake 
of saving the expence of my horse at Kelso. Heard at 
Kelso that Lord Kilkerran ^ died within these few days 



1 Peter Williamson, the son of an Aberdeenshire crofter, was a boy of 
ten, kidnapped and sold to a settler in Pennsylvania. He had many 
adventures : fell into the hands of the Indians, but escaped and enlisted 
in the army. Coming home he published, in 1757, an account of his ex- 
periences ; it gave great offence to the Aberdeen authorities and he was 
banished from that city. He is best known, perhaps, as the originator of 
the penny post, which he established in Edinburgh about 1777 : died 1799. 

2 Joseph, King of Portugal (1750-77), was the subject of an attack by 
conspirators on 3rd December 1758. He was fired at as he was returning 
from a country house near Lisbon. For the attempted assassination 
three nobles, along with the wife and son of one of them, were executed. 

3 Sir James Fergusson of Kilkerran, second Baronet : advocate 171 1 : 
raised to the Bench as Lord Kilkerran 1735 : died 20th January 1759, 
aged seventy-one. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 227 

past. Called at Mr. Lundy's, who has not been at Ednam 
since he came home, from whence it looks as if he had a 
mind to give up the game there. I apprehended that 
would be the consequence of his Lothian expedition, but 
he might do worse. Wrote after I came home a letter 
to John Davidson asking news about the Hutton affair 
to go by W. Stevenson, who proposes to set out for 
Edinburgh to-morrow. 

Saturday, January 27th. — Prepared for to-morrow and 
read the October Review. It has a specimen of M'Quer's 
Elements of Chemistry,^ translated by Read, a work I 
could wish to have from the account and extract that is 
there given of it. Look'd also into Sir William Temple's 
second volume which Charles brought me from Kelsd. 
He had gone to bring up Nancy, whom I had left behind 
me last week. But they are keeping her to help Minna 
to sew some shirts to her brother. 

Munday, January 29th. — Examined at Oxmuir and saw 
sick at Home in returning. Evening and night read news- 
papers and Sir William Temple's letters. In the news 
there is an account of the Princess of Orange's death on 
the 12th.^ No account yet of the King of Spain's death, 
but all agree he is dying. 

Wednesday, January Slst. — Examined at Todrig ; Jimmy 
Dawson breakfasted here in passing to Sir Robert's to 
dine, and called again in the evening. As he goes away 
to-morrow I rode down with him to Kelso and stayed all 
night. Supped in Mr. Dawson's, where were also J. Miller 
and Scott the surgeon. Lodged in Mr. Lundy's, who was 
not at home. Laurie arrived there the same moment 
with me, and we lay together. Had some of his Jedburgh 
Presbytery chat. 

Thursday, February 1st. — Breakfasted in Dr. Miller's 
and Thomas Dawson's. Rode down to Sprouston in 
the forenoon to see Robert Turnbull, who has had 



^ Pierre Joseph Macquer (1718-84), scientist of Paris, published Elemens 
de Chymie Theorique, 1749, and Elemens de Chymie Practique, 1751. 

2 Anna,- Princess of Orange, was the eldest daughter of George 11. of 
Great Britain. She married, 1734, WiUiam of Nassau, Prince of Orange. 



228 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

a sort of slow fever, or rather ill-formed ague, these 
eight days. His ease continued all the evening and he 
rested well at night. I sate up with him till two o'clock, 
and read last December Magazine, where there are some 
pretty good articles, among the rest some entertaining 
extracts of Horace Walpole's Catalogue of Royal and Noble 
Authors. Got a letter from Philip last night in which he 
writes me that James Allan is gone to Edinburgh, being 
sent for by Sir J. Steuart, who has probably got the Pre- 
sentation to Edrom, or has at least some business relating 
to that affair to negotiate with him. He writes also that 
J. Burnet is to come to the Low Meeting,^ which will 
probably be most to his own disadvantage, though perhaps 
Goudie may also suffer by it. 

Friday, February 2nd. — Came over to Kelso and dined 
in Mr. Dawson's, expecting to have carried Nancy home 
with me, who has been there these eight days helping to sew 
shirts to Jimmy Dawson, but she stays a day or two longer. 
Mr. Lundy had not come home. I found by the intelligence 
his servants had got about him, that no longer able to 
resist his yearnings after the Naiad, he had gone to Ednam 
last night after crossing Tweed at the Townhead on his 
way from Selkirk by Maxton homeward. After I came 
home, dozed and read more of Sir William Temple's 
Letters, which would be more entertaining if "they were 
accompanied by a short historical comment. 

Sunday, February Mh. — ^Charles went for Nancy in the 
morning and brought her home from Kelso. She brought 
a letter from Philip, in which there is one enclosed to him 
from W. Stevenson at Edinburgh, who informs that the 
Advocate had told his brother that he was credibly in- 
formed that Lord Home was to drop the defence of his 
claim to Hutton at the Bar of the Peers ; the consequence 
of which would be that on the Advocate's appearing 
there for the Crown, the right would be adjudged to it. 
I wish this intelligence may prove true, as it will, I hope, 
make us pretty sure of having the affair finished this 

1 The High Meeting (House) and the Low Meeting (House) were the 
two Presbyterian Churches in Berwick. 

f 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 229 

session. An article from Madrid of the 25th December 
represents their monarch as in a very miserable way from 
the 5th of September, that is, eight days after the loss 
of his Queen. It is said that he has neither been shaved 
nor shifted, but shutting himself up at Villa Viciosa has 
abandoned himself to an invincible melancholy, abstain- 
ing for long periods from sleep or food, and refusing 
utterly to hear of all business. A slow fever with remis- 
sions is said in the meantime to prey upon him. He has 
been prevailed upon, however, to make his testament, 
but what steps the heir-apparent is resolved to take either 
at home or with regard to his succession to the Spanish 
monarchy seems yet uncertain. What unhappy mortals 
are at present from one cause or another all the European 
monarchs, 

Munday, February 5th, — Examined in the west end of 
Home and saw sick. Took Sir Robert's on my way 
homewards, where I drank tea and supped and received 
my stipend. Paid him also for seed corn last year and 
for cast timber. 

Tuesday, February 6th. — Rode to the Presbytery meet- 
ing, where we had no business, but at last got W. Walker's 
exercise and addition. Drank tea at Dr. Gibson's ; wrote 
to Berwick and came home after 8. Intended to have 
stayed all night, but I had a letter from Philip in the 
morning, in which he wrote me that James Allan had 
wrote him that he intended to be at Riddell this week 
and would be here in passing. He did not, however, 
come to-night. Slept on the beginning of the 9th Mneid. 

Wednesday, February 7th, — rRead Temple's Letters and 
consulted Burnet, Atlas, and Heraut. Read at night the 
very fine story of Nisus and Euryalus.^ 

Thursday, February SJth, — Examined in the west end of 
Home, second dyet. Came home to dine. John Waugh 
was here in the evening. He had been at Tofts to see 
Tommy Pringle, who has been ill of a fever. He drank 
tea and stayed till 8, and went to Ednam. To-day's and 



^ In the ninth book of the Mneid. 



230 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

last Post's papers give an account of the execution of 
some of the principal conspirators at Lisbon, amongst 
whom was a lady, the Marchioness de Tavora. One of 
the assassins, a bravo of the Duke d'Aveiro's, was burned 
alive, and with him the dead bodies of the rest were con- 
sumed and their ashes thrown into the sea. All this 
tragical affair is said to have been the consequence of the 
King's having violated or sought to violate a daughter 
of the Duke d'Aveiro. There are some other noblemen, 
two Bishops, and several Jesuits in prison. At night 
transcribed a song I got from Jimmy Dawson about the 
St. Cas affair for Miss M. Pringle. It is the work of a 
grenadier and has some di'oU enough hits in it at Clark 
and FitzMorris, the heroes of that expedition. 

Friday, February 9th. — Mr. and Mrs. Dysart here at 
dinner. W. Stevenson, who came from Edinburgh last 
night, called in the morning. He brought me a letter 
from Davidson, in which he says J. Pringle told him that 
Lord Home was to make no opposition before the Peers, 
on which account he had not reprinted the informations 
in the cause, as he had proposed. The Advocate further 
told Stevenson that Mr. Lockhart had given it as his 
opinion that so soon as an appeal should be lodged for 
the Crown, Lord Home ought to give up the cause, as 
defending it before the Peers would only be throwing away 
money to no purpose. Wrote these things and sent 
Davidson's letter to Philip. Evening cleared with Robert 
Heymer, and slept on Virgil. 

Munday, February 12th, — Was a good deal in the garden 
and glebe. Sowed some Charlton Hotspurs. Evening 
read to an end Sir W. Temple's Letters. The latter part 
of that collection is scarce worth the labour of reading, 
after having read his Memoirs, excepting a few of them 
wrote in confidence to the Treasurer Danby, the Duke of 
Ormund, and his father. Charles' Court and Council 
make a very poor figure in them and are finely contrasted 
by the sense and steadiness and virtue of the Prince of 
Orange and Sir W. Temple himself, who was certainly 
one of the ablest and honestest negotiators ever employed 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 231 

by any Prince. In Saturday's papers, which I only got 
to-day, there is a Gazette account of the execution of the 
Portugal conspirators, as also of the nature of the con- 
spiracy, which is there ascribed to the disappointment of 
ambition in the noblesse concerned and to the resentment 
of the Jesuits, who were lately driven from the Court and 
who joined counsels with the Duke d'Aveiro, M. de Tavora, 
etc. At night read some of the Mneid and wrote to 
Philip in answer to one I had from him to-day. 

Tuesday, February ISth. — Was at Home seeing sick. 
Made a scroll p.m. of N. Wilson's testament. Rest of the 
day, evening, and night read Bishop Burnet's second vol. 
for the sake of better understanding what I have been 
reading of Sir W. Temple. 

Wednesday, February IMh. — Wrought some in the garden 
cleaning flower ground. Prepared for to-morrow and read 
a good deal of Bishop Burnet, his account of the Popish 
plot and exclusion Parliaments, which is a curious morsel 
of history. 

Thursday, February 15th. — Preached thrice on Deutero- 
nomy 32. 15, and too long ; kirk well filled. Read half 
^a volume of Sherlock's sermons,^ which have been for 
some time greatly in vogue. They want not merit, being 
wrote in point of language very chastely and naturally ; 
nor are the sentiments and reasoning contemptible ; though 
they contain little, I think, either very new or very pro- 
found. They might be good and useful discourses to the 
Gentlemen of the Inns of Court to whom they were 
preached, but in general I cannot think they are right 
models for popular discourses, as in general they want fire, 
method, and address to the heart, and have often a degree 
of acuteness and subtlety that a popular assembly cannot 
be supposed able to follow. 

Friday, February IQth. — Walked to Mr. Pollock's and 
was there till evening. He had got papers from an agent 
in the affair of his manse ; a representation for the Heritors 
and an annexe to it for the Presbytery, which he was to 

^ Thomas Sherlock (1678-1761), Bishop successively of Bangor, Salis- 
bury, and London. 



232 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

write about to Edinburgh. The answer for us was not 
much amiss. Some corrections and additional circum- 
stances he gave in a letter to the agent. He had also 
taken it in his head to write to Prestongrange, the Ordinary, 
in the cause, who had given a favourable interloquitor. 
He thought that some old acquaintance with his lady's 
father made a sort of introduction. Though the impro- 
priety of this was very evident, yet as the letter had the 
air of simplicity and truth, I thought it could do little 
hurt and might even be possibly of service ; so, having 
hinted a few corrections, I thought it might be sent, but 
charging profound secrecy. Our Naiad has got her com- 
plexion sore marred with the vile distemper in the blood 
of the family, but in speight of it her looks and smiles still 
have attractions. Read some of Bishop Burnet in the 
evening. 

Saturday, Fehrimry 17th. — Set out for Yarrow to preach 
for Mr. Mason ^ betwixt 9 and 10 a.m. Robert Turnbull 
was to have gone at this time, but his illness made him 
unwilling to enter on the journey, and I engaged at the 
Presbytery meeting to go in his place. Reached Selkirk 
before 1 o'clock ; dined and drank tea there and rode up . 
to Yarrow in the evening. Mason's servant had come 
down to guide me. 

Sunday, February ISth. — Found Yarrow a much rhore 
agreeable place than I expected. There is a fine little 
open around it, and the hills on the north side of the 
Yarrow are green. That water runs just by the foot of 
Mason's garden, and on the banks of it most of the way 
down to its confluence with the Ettrick, which is about 
a mile above Selkirk, there is wood either natural or 
artificial. The manse is very tolerable and so is the Kirk, 
and there are several well-drest people in the congregation. 
Found Mason perfectly sound and well, though he has not 
yet preached. He has been drinking sea water long and 
also taking frequent vomits, by which his digestion is 
restored, which, while he was ill, quite failed him. Con- 

1 James Mason, minister of Yarrow 1753-64. He married Elizabeth 
Kirkwood. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 233 

sidering the dreadful bout he has had, his present health 
and strength are not a little surprising. His wife had 
also a horrible time of it by her attendance, which was 
most affectionate and exact, and indeed she appears to 
have suffered more than he, being thin and her looks 
still retaining an air of distress. Had resolved to return 
to Selkirk to-night, but found it would cost too great a 
struggle to get away. Spent my time not at all dis- 
agreeably. 

Munday, Fehruary 19//^. — Set out from Yarrow between 
10 and 11. Prevailed on Mason to take a ride with me, 
which he did as far as Hangingshaw. Got to Selkirk 
betwixt 12 and 1. Dined there and set out about 3. 
Trotter convoyed me till near Melrose bridge. I got home 
betwixt 6 and 7, not without some wandering betwixt 
Mellerstain Mill and Sir Robert's winter entrys. Found 
James Allan here, arrived a little before me, on his way 
to Riddell. M'Leod has been at Eyemouth. He asked 
his consent to marry Mrs. Keith, but was refused. The 
lady, it seems, has still some hopes of prevailing with her 
parent, and having no longer been able to bear her usage 
at Highlas, has retired to Berwick, where she lodges in 
Mr. Somervail's.' M'l.eod is soon to be in Berwick, and 
then it is likely the thing will be on end one way or other. 

Tuesday, Fehruary 20th. — James Allan stayed till after 
dinner and then set out for Riddel. 

Wednesday, February 21st. — Examined in the east end 
of Home ; dined in Sked's and baptized twins at Sweet- 
hope. Read in the evening some of the January Magazine 
and appendix to last year which came from Berwick two 
or three days ago. 

Thursday, February 22nd. — Examined again in the east 
end of Home and came home to dine. Wrote to Philip 
and to J. Davidson, with whom I was hopeful my corre- 
spondence was at an end ; but Philip wrote me that 
J. Rent on, who came lately from Edinburgh, had been 
affirming to Hilton, who told it to some of our Berwick 
friends, that Lord Home's people were still to prosecute 
the Hutton affair before the Peers. What is in this I 



204 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

have wrote to inquire of J. Davidson, and to warn him of 
what we have heard, that the cause may not suffer by any 
neglect. Read to an end the Magazines. 

Friday, February 2Srd. — James Allan arrived from 
Riddel at 4. I shaved, and Nancy and I went up with 
him to Sir Robert's, where we stayed and supped. Had a 
good deal of agreeable chat. 

Munday, February 26th. — Read to an end the history of the 
Ryehouse Plot in Burnet, where the story of Lord Russell's 
death is told in a very natural and affecting manner. 
Read also to an end Sir W. Temple's Introduction to the 
History of Eiigland. There is much good sense and good 
writing in it, but the narrative is ill-proportioned ; his 
account of the Roman and Saxon times being a very im- 
perfect sketch, while he gives almost a history of William 
the Conqueror, whom he makes, I think, rather too great 
a hero ; though it must be allowed that both his talents 
and fortune were very uncommon. At night wrote out 
fair on stampt paper N. Wilson's testament so as to be 
ready for subscribing. 

Tuesday, February 27th. — Read the newspapers, from 
which I did not learn much. Wrought a little in the 
garden and gave some attendance to a brewing of strong 
ale. Revised some of Sir W. Temple's Letters. Slept on 
M. Henrv's Catechism, which is a notable little work of 
its kind.^ 

Thursday, March 1st. — People are beginning everywhere 
to sow oats, the ground being in fine condition. Examined 
last dyet in the E. end of Home. Robert Turnbull and 
Lundy came here to dine and called for me at Home, but 
I could not get to them till 4 o'clock. Read the Chronicle, 
where this week's Idler on Historical Painting is a very 
good paper. It has also several particulars about the 
Portugal conspirators which are interesting. Paid Smeaton 
in the evening for this year's plowing. Read at night 
two or three letters of Cardinal Rente voglio.^ 

^ Matthew Henry (1662-17 14), nonconformist divine and well-known 
commentator. He published his Scripture Catechism in 1702. 

2 Giu BentevogUo was private chamberlain to Pope Clement viii. : 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 235 

Friday, March 2nd. — Shaved a.m. and rode to Eccles, 
where I dined and drank tea. At night looked to some 
things in the ItaHan Grammar ; 'tis long since I read 
anything in that language, but I must not forget it. 

Sunday, March Uh.- — Stevenson dined with. us. I had 
a letter from J. Davidson in the morning, in which he 
informs me that the Crown Agent at London has wrote 
him that the cause of Hutton is enrolled for the 5th, 
and that there is to be an appearance for Lord Home. 
As Philip and he differ about the day it is rather more 
likely that the former may be mistaken. 

Tuesday, March 6th. — Saw sick and attended a burial 
at Home and then rode to the Presbytery with Nancy 
en croupe. Once intended to ride forward to Linton, but 
went down to Sprouston with Robert Turnbull and stayed 
all night. He promised to go to Linton with us to-morrow 
with his niece. Drank tea at Mr. Dawson's, who is pretty 
well. 

Wednesday, March 7th. — Weather the same, but inter- 
vals, as the day advanced, of sun. In one of these we 
set out from Sprouston betwixt 12 and 1. Dined at 
Linton, drank tea at Morbattle, where Mrs. Chatto has 
got a little daughter about ten days ago. Saw the Kirk, 
which has the pulpit up and galleries finished. It is really 
a very neat, commodious place. Returned to Linton and 
stayed all night, where we were abundantly cheerful. 

Thursday, March Sth. — Stayed till after dinner and then 
rode over again to Sprouston, where we stayed all night. 
Robert is almost quite well, though he has not yet preached. 
Looked to some articles in Miller's Gardeners' Dictionary,^ 
which Robert has from the Library. 

Friday, March dth.^Stayed at Sprouston till after 
dinner. Had a walk down the riverside and reconnoitred 



papal nuncio in Flanders and France, and was made a Cardinal. He was 
an intimate friend of Urban viii., whom it was thought he would succeed* 
as Pope. But he died at the beginning of the Conclaves in 1644. 

^ Philip Miller (1691-1771), gardener to the Chelsea Botanical Garden 
1722 : author of several treatises on gardening. His Gardeners' and 
Florists' Dictionary, published in 1724, was translated into German, 
Dutch, and French. 



236 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

Robert's glebe and garden, which he has brought into 
excellent form and order. Drank tea in passing at Ednam, 
where the Naiad is looking very lovely. Read also the 
Chronicle, where there are some good enough things. 

Saturday, March 10th. — Wrought a good while in the 
garden p.m. setting a few polyanthuses and auriculas 
which I had got from James TurnbuU, and preparing 
ground for some ranunculuses which he also gave me. 
Evening read some of the History of the Jews in 10th vol. 
of Universal History relating to the subject of my Lecture. 

Sunday, March 11th. — Rode to Home to see Archibald 
Smith's wife, who seems to be in a dying state. 

Munday, March 12th. — Planted the ranunculuses I got 
from James Turnbull. Read a good deal of Keith's 
History, where the original papers are a very interesting 
collection. 

Tuesday, March ISth. — Robert Turnbull, according to 
appointment last week, came here this morning. We rode 
to Homebyres, where we dined and drank tea. I also 
went there in the afternoon to the burial of Archibald 
Smith's wife. Aly Stevenson walked over from Sprouston 
with Will, who had stayed there since Saturday. Her 
uncle and she stayed all night. 

Wednesday, March lUh. — Rode over with Robert 
Turnbull to Greenlaw to see John Hume, who has an ague 
these eight or ten days. John Hume not being accus- 
tomed to be ill, he knows not what to make of himself, 
and particularly has far too much discourse, some of 
which is very diverting. Stayed with him till past four 
and came home through a severe blast most part of the 
way. Found a letter here when I came home from Philip 
by one of our egg men, informing me that John Patterson 
had wrote to the Collector by Munday' s post that the 
cause of Hutton was decided by the Peers on the 7th, 
and given for the Crown without any difficulty. Patterson 
was present, and writes that Hardwicke and Marchmont 
(scarce anything of this true) ^ rated the Lords of Session 



'■ Marginal note. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 237 

pretty severely. And so this troublesome affair is at last 
come to the end we desired, for which we have ground 
to be thankful to the Supreme Disposer. 

Thursday, March 15th. — Mr. Turnbull and his niece 
stayed till after dinner. Read the news, which afford 
little remarkable. Read evening and night almost all the 
January Review and supplement to last year, which Charles 
brought from Kelso, whither he had been setting down Aly 
Stevenson. 

Friday, March 16th.— Wrote Philip. Calculated the 
amount of the expence of my Edinburgh journeys about 
his cause. The eight journeys come to about £6, 13s., 
which, considering that I was once ten days in the town, 
and sometimes paid both for James Allan and myself, is 
certainly a very moderate sum. Began Keith, whom I 
intend to go through regularly, if not disturbed. At 
night read the Life of Drummond of Hawthornden. 

Sunday, March 18th. — Had a letter from Davidson in- 
forming me shortly that the Lords' Interloquitor in the 
Hutton cause was reversed by the Peers. He had not 
yet got their decree, but expects it soon. 

Munday, March 19th. — An odd creature dined here, 
Tait of Langrigg's son,^ who is a candidate for Holy 
Orders and on his way to his friends at Girrick,^ left here 
a circular letter from the Presbytery of Chyrnside to ours. 
Rode to Home to see sick. Heavy and listless by some 
cold I have got joined to the chilliness and thickness of 
the air. Read at night some of Milton's Life, wrote, I 
believe, by Toland,^ and prefixed to the edition of his 
prose works in 1698, which I have borrowed from Mr. 
Dysart for the sake of reading the History of England 



^ This odd creature was probably that Thomas Tait who was hcensed 
by the Presbytery of Chirnside in 1760, and presented to the parish of 
Eyemouth in succession to James Allan in 1767 : he died unmarried 1776. 
The Fasti Eccl. Scot, says that he was native of Whitsome : but the 
diarist states that he was a son of Tait of Langrigg, a place in the parish 
of Chirnside. 

2 Girrick, a village two miles from Smailholm. 

3 John Toland (1670- 1722), a voluminous author and supporter of the 
Deist side in philosophical controversy. 



238 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

before the Conquest, which is the piece that stands first 
in this collection. 

Tuesday, March 20th. — Wilson of Coldstream break- 
fasted here on his way homewards from Mellerstain. 
Wrought most of the day in the garden planting some more 
beans and sowing some peas. J. Aitchison of Falkirk came 
here in the evening and stayed all night. Was a good deal 
entertained with his account of his present situation, 
which, according to him, is in the very centre of wildness. 

Wednesday, March 21st. — Mr. Dawson dined with us 
and sate till about 5. Was at Home a.m. at a meeting 
for the poor's affairs. Read some of Bishop Keith and 
slept on Milton's Life. 

Thursday, March 22nd.— In the afternoon went up to 
Sir ^Robert's, where I sate till after supper. Talked to 
him about repairing my house and office houses, and was 
pleased to find him expressing no dissatisfaction with 
several articles I mentioned. Saw the Edinburgh news 
there, where there is an account of Andrew Pringle ^ 
obtaining his Commission for being Lord of Session and 
Justiciary in room of the late Kilkerran. Thomas Miller 
is made Solicitor, ^ and what is of much more moment 
than all this to the gay world, Foote ^ arrived at Edin- 
burgh and was to appear on the stage last Tuesday night. 
The Races at Leith and Hunters Ball are this week. 

Saturday, March 24<th.- — W. Stevenson called in the fore- 
noon, with whom I reconnoitred the glebe and asked him 

1 Andrew Pringle, son of John Pringle* of Haining : advocate 1737: 
Sheriff of Wigtown 1750, and of Selkirk 1751 : Solicitor-General 1755: 
raised to the Bench as Lord Alemore 1759. Both Carlyle and Somerville 
speak in the highest terms of his commanding ability and great eloquence. 
His strong and virile countenance is to be seen in his portrait in the 
ParHament House. 

2 Sir Thomas Miller of Glenlee (1712-89) succeeded Pringle as Solicitor- 
General, and was appointed Lord Advocate 1760 : the following year he 
became Lord Justice-Clerk, and in 1788 succeeded Robert Dundas as 
Lord President of the Court of Session, and was created a Baronet. 

3 Samuel Foote (1720-77), actor and dramatist. At a time when his 
finances were at a low ebb he hit upon the expedient of a trip to Edinburgh, 
which proved completely successful. Foote, however, did not appear 
' last Tuesday,' which would have been the 20th March, but on the 15th, 
when he played the part of Cadwallader in his own farce of The Author. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 239 

some questions about its culture. Rest of the day read 
Keith. Got in the evening from Sir Robert by Nancy a 
number of the Critical Review which I saw there the other 
night. Read most of it. I see it is contrived to please 
the Tories and High Church in political articles and 
other things, though, perhaps, there is more vivacity and 
even a greater show of learning than in the Monthly 
Review ; yet a satirical spirit seems to be much more 
intemperately indulged. Nor is the writing in general so 
correct, so that, as far as I can judge from this specimen, 
I think the Monthly Magazine much preferable.^ At 
night looked out something for to-morrow at Kelso. 

Sunday, March 25th, — Dined in Mr. Dawson's and drank 
tea with John Miller, who seems to be apprehensive of 
some consumptive symptoms, yet there is nothing of that 
kind violent about him, nor is he much reduced considering 
the continuance of his illness for two or three weeks and 
his low dyet. 

Munday, March 26th. — Rode over to Greenlaw to see 
John Hume, who still continues distressed with his ague. 
But it has now become a regular tertian, and none of its 
symptoms violent. The wild raving humour he was in 
when I saw him last has entirely left him ; but as he is 
apt to be in extremes, he seems now to be living more 
abstemiously and lying down more than is necessary. 
Came home in the evening and wrote at night letters to 
Philip and J. Hunter. 

Wednesday, March 2Sth. — Was working busily at the 
glebe hedge, when Matthew Dysart and the lad Grieve of 
Old Cambus ^ arrived. They dined and drank tea. Grieve 
is about finishing his tryals before the Dunbar Presbytery, 

^ The Critical and the Monthly were the two leading magazines of the 
day. Dr. Johnson told King George iii., in answer to an inquiry as to 
which was the best, that the Monthly was done with most care, but the 
Critical upon the best principles. Johnson, of course, preferred the 
* Church and State ' periodical to its more liberal rival. Other observations 
of his on their merits are quoted in Boswell's Life. 

2 Henry Grieve here referred to had a somewhat distinguished clerical 
career. Licensed by the Presbytery of Dunbar within a week of this 
date : minister of Twynholm 1762, and translated to Eaglesham within 



240 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

and wanted some help about a Hebrew Psalm, of which 
I gave him a part written in Roman characters, with the 
translation and analysis of some of the words. Read in 
the evening our Weekly Chronicle, where the Idler is a 
good paper, and where there is also a pretty long extract 
of Carlyle's pamphlet about Mr. Pitt, which has had a 
prodigious run.^ There is also a letter in it from Sir John 
Barnard ^ about the scarcity of silver coin, where he pro- 
poses coining £200,000 of silver with a considerable alloy, 
in order to prevent both the wearing of it and melting it 
down. He is absolutely against altering the standard of 
our money and the proportion betwixt gold and silver. 
But the theory of this matter I do not fully understand. 

Thursday, March 29th. — Read Keith, chiefly original 
papers in his appendix, and in the evening Will brought 
Robertson's second vol. from Kelso, sent by agreement 
from Robert TurnbuU, of which I read more than a 
hundred pages, with the corresponding pages in the 
appendix, before I went to bed. 

Friday, March SOth, — Read Robertson all day. Finished 
the second vol. of History with the corresponding papers 
in the appendix, also his dissertation on King Henry's 
murder. Was very much entertained and not a little 
instructed.^ Richardson from Newcastle came in the 
evening and stayed all night. 

Saturday, March Slst. — Richardson left us in the fore- 
six months : minister of Dalkeith 1765 : of New Greyfriars, Edinburgh, 
1789, and of the Old Kirk Parish 1791 till his death in 1810. D.D. St. 
Andrews 1775 : Moderator of General Assembly 1783, and one of H.M. 
Chaplains in Ordinary 1784. 

1 This was Plain Reasons for Removing the Right Honourable William 
Pitt from His Majesty's Councils for ever, by O. M. Haberdasher. It was 
written, Carlyle tells us, in the ironical style of Dean Swift, and enjoyed 
great popularity. 

2 Sir John Barnard (i 685-1 764), merchant, pohtician, financier, and 
philanthropist : Lord Mayor of London 1737 : a high authority on 
financial questions and ' the type of an honourable British merchant of 
his day.* 

3 Dr. Robertson's History of Scotland in the Reigns of Queen Mary and 
James VI. was published in London in February of this year. It proved 
a great success, and. Ridpath's historical tciste must have led him to 
peruse the work of a friend and fellow minister with much interest. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 241 

noon, going to see his father. He engaged to preach for 
me all to-morrow and came back in the evening. I went 
to Ednam to see Mr. Pollock's people, Bett and Mary 
having had the ague. Found Mr. Lundy, poor wanderer, 
there on his way home. Bett is better, but in sore deshabille, 
which she does not perfectly become. Read some papers in 
Robertson's appendix and revised some of the second vol. 

Sunday, Aprile 1st. — -Richardson preached very popu- 
larly really, and with a good mixture of sense. He has 
none of the graces of delivery, but an excellent pipe. Got 
a letter from Philip informing me that his call had gone 
well enough on at Hutton on Wednesday : that he has 
tryals given him and is appointed to supply the parish. 
Had also a letter from Davidson enclosing the Lords' 
decree, but giving me little encouragement about applying 
for the vacant stipend. 

Munday, Aprile 2nd, — Richardson left us about 11 for 
Home and Nenthorn. I went afterwards to the glebe 
and to see John Nicol's wife, ill of a bad cold and cough. 
Found Dobbie and his son here when I came home. They 
stayed till the evening. Afterwards read over again some 
of Robertson and also the newspapers. 

Tuesday, Aprile Srd, — Went to the Presbytery meeting, 
where we elected our members, Hog, myself, ministers, 
and G. Wallace ruling elder. Drank tea at Mr. Lundy' s. 
Richardson came to us from Nenthorn, and came home 
with me at night. Got the first volume of Robertson 
which Robert Turnbull had brought with him to Kelso. 

Wednesday, Aprile Uh. — Was at Home seeing sick a.m., 
whither Richardson went along with me, and stayed 
behind at Home Byres. Rest of the day and night read 
in Mr. Robertson's first volume. Was a while in the glebe. 

Thursday, Aprile 5th. — Wrought almost all the day in 
the garden sowing seeds. At night read the Weekly 
Chronicle, where, besides a good Idler, there is an answer 
on the subject of the coin subscribed William Shirley,^ I 



1 William Shirley (1694-1771), Governor of Massachusetts 1741-56, 
when he was superseded and given the governorship of the Bahamas. He 
did much towards the conquest of Canada from the French. 

Q 



242 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

suppose the late Governor of New England, to Sir J. 
Barnard's paper last week ; the paper is well wrote. 
There is also an account of the circumstances of Marshal 
Keith's ^ death, which is very much to his honour. Read 
also about a hundred pages in Robertson's first volume. 

Friday, Aprile 6th. — It happened extremely well that I 
sowed so many seeds yesterday, and also got home a cart 
of coals, our old stock being wholly exhausted. Read 
Robertson all the day and finished him, excepting a few 
of the original papers. The work certainly deserves great 
praises. The choice of facts is judicious, the disposition 
of them clear and regular, the descriptions animated, 
reflexions just and natural, characters painted in glow- 
ing colours, and the stile elegant, perspicuous, easy, and 
full of vigour. What seems most liable to objection is a 
want of sufficient detail in some facts of consequence, 
which, by sparing some reflexions and declamation, might 
have been given without increasing the bulk of the work ; 
and I cannot help thinking that there is at least a striking 
impropriety in the kindness shown to Mary, when 'tis 
plain the author holds her guilty of the worst of crimes. 
This also is naturally accompanied with a severity to 
Elizabeth for which there scarce appears sufficient ground, 
when the dangers to which she and her people were con- 
tinually exposed by the increasing plots of her rival are 
impartially attended to. 

Saturday, Aprile 7th. — Read over carefully the disserta- 
tion bn Darnley's murder at the end of Robertson's second 
vol. It is a very accurate work, and I think to any im- 
partial person is sufficient to convict both Bothwell and 
Mary of the infamous action. Read in Goodal Mary's 
letters, which are curiosities of their kind, Paris 's confes- 
sions and some other original papers. Read also some of 
Camden and prepared for to-morrow. 

Sunday, Aprile Sth. — Philip writes me that the corre- 
spondence betwixt James Allan and Mrs. Keith seems to be 



1 Marshal Keith, brother of the Earl Marischal, was killed at the battle 
of Hochkerchen in August 1758. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 243 

broke up, which I wish heartily may be true. (It proved 
so.i) 

Munday, Aprile 9th. — Read Buchanan's Detectio and 
Actio contra Mariam, in which there are some fine strokes 
of eloquence. And though it has grown so much in fashion 
to speak of them as libels, yet I do not think they deserve 
the name from anybody who allows the Queen's letters 
to be genuine. There is a draught in the Actio of Bothwell 
that is very strong, but probably not much exaggerated, 
and I think it is a fault in Robertson that he does not 
enter into particulars of the bad character of Bothwell 
with his contemporaries, though it seems to have been 
very general. Read over again some of Robertson's second 
volume and a great part of the Original Papers, 

Tuesday, Aprile 10th. — Read more of the Original Papers 
Sit the end of Robertson, and also Camden's account of 
the Duke of Norfolk's first project of marrying the Scots 
Queen. Richardson, who has been at Nenthorn, Home 
Byres, etc., since he left us, came in the afternoon, and 
stayed all night. 

Wednesday, Aprile 11th. — Richardson stayed to dine, 
afterwards went to Home, and came back at night. Read 
some in Robertson. Dr. Miller was here at tea p.m. and 
is pretty well again, tho' looking ill on't. 

Friday, Aprile ISth, — Richardson set out homewards 
a.m. Messrs. Turnbull and Lundy here at dinner. They 
went away before tea, and I went to Sir Robert's. Maddy 
called in the afternoon, and I went up with her and sate 
till after supper. Talked to Sir Robert some more about 
the repairs of my house. At night read some articles in 
the February Review, particularly the account of Robert- 
son, which is very favorable, but not more than the work 
deserves. 

[Several pages missing.] 

[Friday, Aprile 27th,] — Rode down with W. Stevenson to 
breakfast at Mr. Lundy's and thence went to reconnoitre 



Marginal note. 



244 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

his farm, concerning which Mr. Stevenson gave him very 
poor comfort. It is indeed a miserable parcel of land and 
extremely little improved by the enormous expense of £120 
laid out on it. Dined at our Culloden Club, where were 
only 11. Sate till betwixt 6 and 7 abundantly hearty. 
Minna Dawson came up behind me to stay with my 
mother while we are all away. 

Saturday, Aprile 2Sth.~ Rode to Berwick, where I arrived 
betwixt 1 and 2. Heard Murray and Kid preach, both of 
them popularly, Kid with a very singular tone and pro- 
nunciation. Paid in the evening S. Stanton in part of 
an account £10. 

Tuesday, May Ist. — ^Drank tea with Aunt Balderstone 
and supped in the Collector's. Mr. Waite and my sisters 
taken up in preparations for the Ordination dinner, which 
Philip left wholly to them. 

Wednesday, May 2nd. — Robert Turnbull came to town 
before dinner. We dined in Th. Rutherford's, where James 
Turnbull and his wife were staying. Supped in S. Stanton's, 
Robert Turnbull along with us. 

Thursday, May Srd. — Weather the same. PhiHp's 
Ordination Day. Cupples preached an excellent sermon 
ad clerum, and his charge was very good. The dinner con- 
sisted of solids, very good, and in good order. Between 
40 and 50 better sort of people were dined and a greater 
number of inferiors. The Berwick people filed off in 
several divisions. Those with me got to town betwixt 
9 and 10. Hilton, Ninewells, and Eddrington were the 
gentlemen there. All sorts of people seemed to be ex- 
tremely happy. Quod felix faustumque sit. 

Friday, May Uh. — Lundy and Dawson had come to 
town last night, detained from the Ordination by the usual 
trifling of Lundy. They had lodged at Mr. Gowdie's and 
we did not hear of them till about mid-day. Philip went 
out to Eyemouth. I should have gone with him, but 
stayed for the sake of Robert and Mr. Lundy. Spent the 
evening merrily in Mr. Waite's with these two and James 
Turnbull. 

Saturday, May 5th. — Lundy detained by his usual inertia, 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 245 

and with him Robert Turnbull and Dawson till after 
dinner. Then also I set out for Eyemouth. Drank tea 
in Andrew Edgar's, who has of late had a sore and danger- 
ous bout, but seems, however, to be in a way of getting 
better. Supper in Mrs. Crow's, who is looking well herself, 
and her children are in the most thriving condition. 

Sunday, May 6th. — Somewhat windy from W. to N. 
Rode over in the morning from Eyemouth to Hutton, where 
I preached a.m. on John 8. 32. Philip preached p.m. 
and baptised a child. Got through his work well enough. 
Dined with Lady Spittal,^ a most hearty and hospitable 
woman. The second Miss Stowe there, an agreeable enough 
girl very much resembling the Blakes. Phihp had to see 
some sick at Paxton, and from thence we rode over to 
Eyemouth. Mrs. Crow and her famliy supped with us 
in James's. 

Munday, May 7th, — Rode in from Eyemouth before 
dinner, being difficulted how otherwise to procure the 
money for Will's Presentation. Borrowed it from Mr. 
Waite, who gave it with a very good grace, as no man's 
heart is more inclined to do good. Sent it out to James 
Allan to go to Thomas Cockburn by the Carrier. Drank 
tea at the Collector's and at Mr. Stanton's, where I took 
off some clothes for myself and Will. Spent the evening 
at Mr. Waite's. Polly Nealson there, whom I have seen 
pretty often during this visit to Berwick, and whom I 
still think a very good and sensible girl : but she still con- 
tinues, and is like to continue, very blind, and the distress 
of this, I suppose, has made her very thin. 

Tuesday, May Sth. — Set out from Berwick about 11 
with Nancy en croupe and Philip in company, also Bessy 
Bell, who came along with us to Mains. Dined at John 
Waugh's, and drank tea at Cupples, whither Waugh and 
his wife rode over along with us. Cupples and Waugh 
had a sore squabble lately, since which the one of them 
has not been in the other's house till now. Detained so 
long at Swintoun that we did not get home till about 10. 



* Mrs. Stowe of Spittal in the parish of Hutton. 



246 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

Wednesday, May 9th. — Minna Dawson stayed till after 
tea. Was at Hairy Heugh a.m. seeing a sick girl, and 
p.m. saw a sick man in the town. 

Thursday, May 10th. — Read most of last March Magazine, 
and in the afternoon went to Sir Robert's with Nancy. 
Talked to him again about repairing the manse and office- 
houses, and agreed to intimate a meeting of Heritors next 
Sunday. In our Weekly Chronicle there is an account of 
the appearance of a comet, sent to the printer by Bevis,^ 
as I conjecture from the initials subscribed. It was seen 
at London for the first time on Munday evening, Aprile 
30th, and Bevis says he intimated to his friends that he 
had expected its appearance on that night or the night 
preceding. We stayed at Sir Robert's till after supper, 
and the Knight and I went out about 10 to look for it, 
but we could not see it, which, perhaps, was owing to the 
brightness of the moon and some thickness also on the 
horizon, very near to which it appears. ^ 

Friday, May 11th. — Wrought some in the garden ; read 
to the end of the March Magazine. Robert Turnbull 
dined and went away about 5. W. Stevenson drank tea 
with us. Slept on Tully's Offices. 

Munday, May 14//^. — Wrought some in the garden and 
glebe and drew a memorial to be presented to the Barons 
of Exchequer about the vacant stipend of Hutton. Wrote 
also a letter enclosing it to Philip. 

Wednesday, May 16th. — Wrought some in the garden 
and sowed a few annuals Mr. Waite gave me. P.m. went 
to Home to see sick and speak to some men there about 
being elders. I know not if any of them will comply. 

Thursday, May 17th. — Rode to Sprouston to see for a 
mason to attend the Heritors' meeting next Thursday. 
Robert not at home ; dined with Alie and surveyed 
Robert's glebe, which is in a very flourishing state and is 



1 John Bevis or Bevans (1693-1 771), astronomer : physician in London 
before 1730 : fitted up an observatory at Stoke Newington, and published 
astronomical and medical works. 

2 This was Halley's comet, the probable appearance of which had been 
foretold in November 1758. It has a cycle of seventy -six years. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 247 

certainly one of the most profitable pieces of ground in 
this country. Came over to Ednam and drank tea ; 
found only the girls. Mas Thomas and his wife came 
home a little before I came away. In the evening wrote 
to James Todd of Ladykirk, from whom I had a letter 
last Friday, about only the smaller part of what I owe 
the Session of Ladykirk, without at all mentioning the 
greater. It had also other characters of folly and im- 
pertinence. However, I chose to answer calmly, though 
it is not impossible that he may understand me otherwise. 
Friday, May ISth. — Wrought in the glebe a great part 
of the day preparing two rigg ends of trenched ground for 
sowing lint on. Sowed a forpit in the evening. Looked 
to Sir Isaac (Newton) and to Voltaire's Newton about 
comets, having had a message from Stitchell desiring me 
to come up at night to look out, along with the Sheriff, for 
that which is now seen. Went up accordingly and supped. 
We were too long agoing to the hill, and the horizon was 
thick, yet we saw a star some degrees below the Cor Leonis 
a little to the N., which I thought had something un- 
common in its appearance, arid also that it was magnified 
by the telescope so as to have a sensible diameter. And 
on comparing the situation of this star with the described 
places and motion of the comet, it agrees very nearly with 
them. Mr. Pringle had seen last night another star 
which he took for the comet, but we could not perceive 
that distinctly, being nearer the horizon. Walter (Pringle) 
showed me the paragraph of a letter he has on this subject 
from the Doctor, who saw the comet along with Short ^ 
two or three days after its first appearance at London. 
The astronomers at London have no doubt of its being 
the comet of 1682, and the Doctor observes that if it is 
ascertained by further observations to be that comet it 
will do great honour to Clairaut, who, in a Memoir some 
months ago given to the Academy at Paris and which 



^ James Short (1710*68), at first an optician in Leith, but became 
famous from his attainments in mathematics and physics. His brother 
Thomas was the indirect means of the first observatory being built on 
the Calton Hill, Edinburgh, in 1792. 



248 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

was read before the Royal Society, calculated that this 
comet would meet with such retardment on its course 
from the action of Saturn that it would not be seen at 
Paris till the moneth of Aprile, in which moneth it was 
accordingly first discovered there. The Doctor observes 
further that the tail of it is foreshortened, that is, the 
body of it being betwixt us and the tail, is projected on 
the appearance of the tail, which, therefore, only produces 
a lustre around it. This term of foreshortening is a word, 
it seems, of the painters, which the Doctor explains as 
above, and which I did not understand when I first met 
with it in the newspapers. 

Saturday, May 19th. — Prepared for to-morrow. Wrought 
some in the garden and read some of March Review. 
Looked a long time at night for the comet, but could come 
to no certainty. Only marked so carefully the place of 
the star that I shall soon see whether I am mistaken, if 
the evenings continue clear. 

Sunday, May 20th. — Walter Pringle was at the Kirk, 
and came in betwixt sermons. He thinks he saw the 
comet last night, but from the place he speaks of I appre- 
hend he is mistaken. 

Munday, May 2\st. — Forenoon in the garden, and wrote 
a letter to Philip ; afternoon at Home, and in the evening 
went up to Sir Robert's and looked again for the comet, 
but without any certain success. 

Thursday, May 2Uh. — Sir Robert Pringle and John 
Hunter attended the meeting of Heritors intimated here 
on Sunday gone a se'enight. They dined and wrought at 
business till past 6 o'clock. Sir Robert is always slow 
about affairs and scrupulous. Hunter knows work and 
is active and helped things forward. Sir Robert was, in 
general, very obliging, and though I have by no means 
got all I should have had and might have insisted on, yet 
I got nearly as much as I expected. They have agreed 
to advance to me £12 on demand to enable me to set 
about the work ; and to pay the rest as it falls due to the 
workmen employed, according to their several propor- 
tions. Angelraw's son, the surgeon, also here at dinner. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 249 

Friday, May 25th, — Got a letter from G. Bell which I 
should have had yesterday or before, intimating his 
willingness to agree to what the other Heritors should 
resolve upon about the repairs. Read some of Alexander's 
Life in the Universal History. Wrought a little in the 
garden. John Mack was here p.m. and paid me my glebe- 
rent. Still looking for the comet, and had a star in my 
telescope to-night that agrees well with its place, but 
there was nothing sufficiently remarkable of the comet in 
its figure. 

Saturday, May 26th. — Prepared for to-morrow and was 
some time in the garden and glebe. Spoke to J. Smeaton 
about driving lime for the house ; also to Thomas Under- 
wood about buying the timber, which I could wish to be 
done as soon as possible, for the sake of having it dried. 

Munday, May 2Sth. — Set out for Edinburgh to the 
Assembly at 3 J in the morning ; got to town a little 
after 11. Rode through without stopping and with no 
great fatigue either to myself or horse. The Cause of the 
Assembly was that of Logie,^ in which the hearing of 
parties consumed the dyet. Dined in T. Cockburn's and 
supped at Herriot's Work with Colville, where were 
also James Allan and Walter Anderson. Made calls at 
other places. 

Tuesday, May 29th. — The Assembly reasoned themselves 
on the cause of Logic. Solicitor Miller ^ spoke long and 
not contemptibly ; his first appearance in the Assembly. 
The sentence of the Synod of Perth was reversed. Dined 
in G. Stevenson's along with several brethren from this 
neighbourhood, and supped in Nicholson's with James 
Turnbull and T. Hepburn, etc. 

Wednesday, May SOth. — Breakfasted with Dr. Robertson 



^ The Heritors and Elders of Logie had petitioned the Presbytery of 
Dunblane to present Mr. William Cruden, the right of presentation having, 
they alleged, fallen into the hands of the Presbytery jure devoluto. Two 
other presentations having been lodged, the Presbytery remitted the 
matter to the Synod, who found that the Presbytery had a right to present. 
The Assembly reversed this judgment and remitted the case to the Presby- 
tery as it stood previously to the sentence of the Synod. 

2 See p. 238, n. 2. 



250 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

and had a good deal of conversation with him about his 
History. He also informed me of a new project he has 
formed of writing the history of the Emperor Charles v. 
Dined at Mr. Laurie's, supped in Colvill's. 

Thursday, May ^\st. — Breakfasted with David Hume. 
Dined with the Commissioner.^ Had my part of a good 
deal of chat there, chiefly with the Procurator and Carlisle. 

Friday, June 1st. — Had a long sederunt in the Assembly 
reasoning on an Overture that had also employed a good 
part of yesterday. It was the result of the labours of a 
Committee appointed a great while ago to frame a new 
act out of the old ones for fixing the qualifications of the 
elders. In this they had inserted a clause putting it 
in the power of Royal Burghs to choose either ministers 
or elders to represent them. This was objected to yester- 
day when the Overture was read in the Assembly, and 
after a good deal of altercation this day was appointed 
for considering it. We had two very good speeches, 
chiefly in support of this clause, from Dr. Robertson and 
Webster, who were members of the above-mentioned Com- 
mittee. Robertson's in particular was an excellent work, 
in the didactic manner ; Webster's had more art and 
address in it, and more was requisite, as he himself was 
in his private opinion against the clause. By a majority 
of two it was agreed to transmit it to Presbyteries.^ 
Sate late in Nicholson's with Robertson and Carlisle, very 
happy. 

Saturday, June 2nd. — Dined with Sir John Steuart along 
with the Chyrnside Presbytery. Had got a cold with 
yesterday's long attendance and long drink at night, which 
brought a deafness upon me and put me for two days 
following into a stupid disagreeable plight which was 
particularly inconvenient to-day at Sir John's. Supped 
at G. Stevenson's and wrought for two hours before going 
to bed on notes for a preaching I promised to give Dr. 
Dick ^ to-morrow. 



^ Earl Cathcart. 

2 Cf. Annals of the General Assembly, 1752-66 (Edinburgh, 1840). 

3 Robert Dick, minister of Trinity Parish, Edinburgh, 1758-82 : son 



17591 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 251 

Sunday, June 3rd, — Breakfasted with Dr. Dick ; his 
wife a handsome woman. Preached twice in the College 
Kirk a.m. on 1 John. Dined with Mr. Laurie and supped 
in Dr. Wallace's ^ with Robert TurnbuU, T. Hepburn, etc. 

Munday, June Uh, — The Assembly rose : scarce ever 
had an Assembly less business or was more infrequently 
convened. The Commissioner inclined strongly that it 
should have been finished on Friday or Saturday, but the 
spirit of the majority was so much against it that he gave 
way. This being the Prince of Wales' birthday, the com- 
pany with whom I dined dealt pretty liberally in Bonum 
Magnums after dinner and meeting afterwards ; sate 
pretty late. Reckonings amounted to 7/6, a very ex- 
travagant sum, and which I scarce should have been led 
into had I not been making a sort of court to Carlisle, 
who undertook very readily to put a Memorial into Baron 
Grant's hands relating to the vacant stipend of Hutton. 

Tuesday, June 5th. — The Commission met a.m. and heard 
a Cause from the Synod of Glenelg. ^neas Sage contra 
JEneas M'Aulay,^ a charge of heresy for a sermon containing 
a strange jumble of Hutchesonian and Moravian nonsense. 
After a pretty long debate the Glenelg sentence was by 
a great majority in a vote, confirmed, dismissing the latter 



of James Dick of the Wynd Church, Glasgow. His wife's name was 
Grizel Ford. 

1 Robert Wallace, minister of the New North (West St. Giles) Parish, 
Edinburgh, 1738-71 : son of Matthew Wallace, minister of Kincardine 
in Monteith. Founder of the Ministers' Widows' Fund : Chaplain-in- 
Ordinary to George 11. : D.D. Edinburgh : a distinguished mathe- 
matician and a leader in the business of the Church. He married, 172G, 
Helen, daughter of George TurnbuU, minister of Tynninghame, so that 
Ridpath's friend, Robert TurnbuU, was his brother-in-law. 

2 i^Eneas Sage, minister of Lochcarron 1726-74 : a somewhat eccentric 
but able man. As may be inferred from the Assembly's proceedings, he 
was wanting in tact. ^Eneas Macaulay was the minister of the neigh- 
bouring parish of Applecross 1731-60. He also was not judicious in his 
utterings, and his views of the ultimate salvation of mankind were too 
far advanced for his time. The Synod of Glenelg had dealt lightly with 
him, merely recommending him ' not to preach above the capacity of his 
hearers,' which finding was affirmed by the Assembly. Sage, however, 
was more strictly dealt with and was required not to be over-ready to 
fish out heresies without very good and justifiable reasons. 



252 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

-<Eneas with an admonition and the former with a rebuke 
for his mahgnant heresy-hunting disposition. Dined in 
Nicholson's and made several calls. Attended also the 
burial of poor John Millar,^ who died on Sunday night. 

Wednesday, June 6th. — Rode out with Minna Dawson en 
croupe, who had been a fortnight in town with her cousins, 
learning, I believe, something of their millinery art. A 
little fatigued, but more with the circumstances of my 
town life than with my journey. My head was much 
turned away from the Assembly business, which, by the 
bye, was never smaller, by Philip's Exchequer affair and 
procuring attestations for Will. I easily got the latter 
from Professor Hamilton and Mr. Wallace. In the former 
I was more embarrassed. To Carlisle I gave a Memorial 
to be delivered to Baron Grant. I saw John Davidson 
once and again, who informed me of the expense of the 
plea before the Court of Session, and advised me to inform 
the Lord- Advocate beforehand of our resolution to apply 
to the Exchequer. John Stevenson only came to town 
on Munday night, and he undertook to speak to the 
Advocate who had arrived two or three days before from 
London ; and if the Advocate puts a negative on the 
application he promised to inform me. These matters 
carried my thoughts much off from Assembly affairs, and 
a cold towards the end of it stupefied me. I ventured, 
however, to speak two or three times and wrought my 
way tolerably through what I intended, though I wanted 
much of that confidence and presence of mind which I 
have in audiences I am better acquainted with, and which 
are absolutely necessary to acquit oneself to their own 
contentment and that of their hearers. My getting into 
company which I was fond of overcame my maxims of 
frugality, and made me spend more than I should have 
done, though the whole amount of my ten days' expense 
was only about two guineas. Matthew Dysart and his 
daughter Fanny came up to us at Peter Bowman's, and 
with them we rode along as far as Bassendean, Minna 



* This was not the doctor. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 253 

much fatigued. Found my sister here and the children, 
who, together with Mr. Waite, had come yesterday. 

Thursday, June 7th. — Read the news and speech of the 
Commissioner's at the rising of the Parhament last Satur- 
day. The speech is a very good one and gives still good 
hopes. Dr. Miller was here in the afternoon and was 
telling us how Lady Murray ^ is dying or dead by a fever 
accompanied with the help of James's Powder, in which 
the Mellerstain family have an implicit confidence. 

Munday, June 11th. — Read some of the fourth volume 
of Dodsley's Miscellanies from the Library. Looked out 
for a subject on Sunday next. Robert Turnbull here p.m. 
to see Philip, who did not arrive till betwixt 8 and 9. 
Robert had a letter for him to deliver to Mr. Wallace 
and a bill for some money, his symbolum to defray the 
expense of Nelly Stevenson's marriage. She is to be 
married soon, it seems, to an Edinburgh shopkeeper.^ 
Philip goes to try if he can obtain from the Barons of 
Exchequer any part of the vacant stipend of Hutton. I 
desired John Stevenson to speak to the Advocate of our 
design to make an application of this nature, and learned 
from Robert Turnbull on Saturday that he had heard 
John mention it to his Lordship on Thursday last at his 
table ; but that he appeared to be so much against it that 
John desired Robert to acquaint me that he thought it 
would be needless to give ourselves any further trouble 
about it. Notwithstanding of this, it was the opinion of 
Thomas, who was also there, and of Robert, that we should 
still risque an application ; and Philip and I agreed 
to-night that if a Petition were thought improper, he 
should try to get Davidson to charge some articles of 
expense to his account, and at any rate, if all we aim at 
cannot be attained to procure anything that can be got. 



■ 1 Daughter of George Baillie of Jerviswood by his wife, Grisel, daughter 
of the first Earl of Marchmont. She married Sir Alexander Murray of 
Stanhope, third Baronet, who died 1743. She died 6th June 1759 in her 
sixty-eighth year. She is Gay's ' sweet- tongued Murray.' 

2 Robert Johnston, merchant, Edinburgh, and Helen, daughter of the 
deceased James Stevenson, farmer, Greenlees, proclaimed 24th June 1759. 



254 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

Tuesday, June 12th. — Spoke with some catechumens and 
read part of the April London Magazine, which came this 
morning. Scott, the surgeon, here p.m. He was setting 
a poor woman's arm who had got it broke by being run 
down by some cows in Nicol's Park, some of them tramp- 
ling upon it. 

Thursday, June lUh. — Messrs. Lundie, John Hume, and 
John Bell here. John Hume has had a relapse of his 
ague, in consequence of some cold. However, this being 
his good day, he was so kind as to come over. 

Friday, June 15th. — Spoke to some catechumens. Wrote 
an introduction to sermon for Sunday. Was some time 
in the glebe, where everything is very luxuriant. Mr. 
Allan and Polly Crow came in the evening, and Pliilip a 
little later from Edinburgh, where he inet with everything 
to discourage him from an application to the Exchequer, 
and so came away without making it. 

Saturday, June 16th. — Weather much the same. Wrought 
some at my sermon for to-morrow. Messrs Dysart and 
Allan preached. 

Tuesday, June 19th. — Mostly sunny, breath S.W. and 
hot. James Allan and Philip set out in the morning for 
the Presbytery, where Will's Presentation is to be given 
in the morning. Polly Crow stayed behind. Robert 
TurnbuU came to dine and engaged me to preach with 
him at his Sacrament. In the afternoon we all walked 
to .Ednam. 

Wednesday, June 20th. — Went to Eccles and preached. 
Colleagued with Andrew Chatto and Mr. Lundy. Stayed 
till the evening. Learned from Lady Ann Purves ^ that 
Marchmont had arrived in the country yesterday. 

Thursday, June 21st. — ^Walked to Kelso with my 
sister, etc., and dined in Mr. Lundy's. Drank tea in 
Dobby's. Called at Mr. Dawson's. Mr. Lundy came up 
with us. 

Friday, June 22nd.- — Lundy stayed all day, amused and 

. „ * ■ , — - , ... 

^ Lady Ann Purves, second daughter of Alexander, second Earl of 
Marchmont: married, 1736, Sir William Purves of Purveshall. She died 
I7»4, aged eighty. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 255 

attracted by Polly Crow. 'Tis a pity the man should be 
so idle and such a burr ^ ; they are his very worst qualities. 
Read some articles of the Aprile Review and also our 
Weekly Chronicle, which comprehends the whole of the 
Extraordinary Gazette about Guadalupe. Had an agree- 
able walk in the evening, after which Mr. Lundy moved 
homewards. 

Saturday, June 23rd. — Prepared for to-morrow and went 
on invitation to Sir Robert's to dine with my mother, Mr. 
Waite, Polly Crow, and Nancy. Nothing can exceed the 
humane civility of that good man Sir Robert. Came 
home about 8. 

Sunday, June 2Uh. — The Miss Pollocks here, Mas Thos. 
being gone to Eccles. Transcribed from a scroll a letter 
to Robertson of Ladykirk in answer to one I received last 
Sabbath, to be sent by the carrier to-morrow, relating to 
the money my father borrowed from the Poor's Box of 
Ladykirk. 

Munday, June 25th. — Mr. Lundy, according to agree- 
ment, came in the morning and set out about ten on an 
expedition to Melrose, with my sisters and Polly Crow. 
Had a very agreeable day. Am always very much de- 
lighted with that beautiful ruin. Measured the breadth 
of the cross from the south door to the other side within 
the walls. It is something more than 100 foot, and the 
breadth of the nave within the pillars is just about a 
fourth part of it. There are innumerable pretty conceits 
in the carving, many of them executed with great delicacy, 
and the whole work has a remarkably light, easy, and 
elegant appearance. Mr. Lundy left us after 10, reluctantly, 
though obliged to go to Edinburgh next day. 

Tuesday, June 26th. — Weather much the same, some 
more wind. Read most of what I had not read before of 
the Aprile Review, also a little of Saxe's Reveries.^ Sir 
Robert Pringle's people here at tea, and John Bell of 



^ Burr, i.e. a ' sticker,' of whom one cannot get rid. 

* Mes Reveries, by Marshal Saxe, was pubUshed in Paris in 1751 : a 
translation under the title of Memoirs of the Art of War, by W. Fawcett, 
was issued the iollowing year. 



256 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

Gordon and his daughters called and stayed awhile in 
passing from Ednam. 

Friday, June 29th, — Mr. Waite and his family left us 
after dinner. The children are full of spirits and in very 
good plight. May God preserve them.^ Read some of 
the fourth volume of the Modern Universal History. Got 
a very timely supply of money offered me by Adam Hislop, 
part of which I accepted. 

Munday, July 2nd. — Went to Smailholm and preached 
on 1 John 2. 2. Have not certainly performed so ill for 
me many years past, so far disconcerted by saying a few 
things badly, that I could not afterwards recover myself, 
and by efforts to do better, which were in a great measure 
vain, spun out the work to a tedious length. The plan, 
too, was but an indifferent one. Came home in the 
evening and walked out to meet Nancy and Polly Crow, 
who had gone to Newton Mill and Kelso. 

Tuesday, July 3rd. — Carried Polly Crow behind me to 
Broomlands, where I left her and rode down to the Presby- 
tery. Professor J. Stevenson and Dr. Miller dined with 
us. Returned to Broomlands and drank tea. It is a 
beautiful situation, but the ground about it, laid out in 
the miserable blocking-up taste. Ramsay showed me a 
Sisson's theodolite, a very pretty machine, and a reflecting 
telescope of Hasting's make, a pretty good one. We 
looked at some things in the environs. 

Wednesday, July Mh. — At Sprouston Fast Day before 
the Sacrament, where I preached on Matt. 5. 4. Col- 
leagued with Andrew Chatto and Richard Hog. Thomas 
Turnbull came there with his son and daughter last night, 
but he himself had gone to Swintoun. Came up by 
Kelso and walked home with Nancy and Polly Crow. 
Lundy set us past Newton Mill, though he expected Dr. 
Robertson and Alexander Glen ^ at his house on a message 



1 This prayer was not granted (see post, pp. 284-288). Ridpath's 
love for children and all young people was a marked feature in his 
character. 

2 Alexander Glen, see ante, p. 159, n. 3. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 257 

they had sent him in the forenoon. Never was such an 
idle dangler. 

Thursday, July 5th. — Walked to Home in the forenoon 
to a meeting about the poor. Dined at William Steven- 
son's, where was also W. Walker of Mackerston. Walked 
in the evening to see William's marie pit, which seems to 
be a great magazine and of a very good kind. It is 
situated in the extreme N.E. corner of his ground. Settled 
accounts with Sked a.m. and paid him interest to 1st June 
and his account to 8th May last. 

Friday, July 6th. — Set out after 10 with Polly Crow 
en croupe. Dined at Mr. Waugh's, who is busy reforming 
and improving his house. Drank tea at Mains, where was 
Walter Anderson. Got to Nether Byres about 9 ; stayed 
and supped ; James Allan there. A good deal distressed 
with heat, which, however, was tolerably abated in the 
evening. 

Sunday, July Sth. — A good deal of wind from W. with 
some drippings, clouds, and sun. Preached in the Kirk- 
yard an hour and in the Kirk p.m. Brydone was ex- 
pected to have done it, but he changed his mind, so that 
I never preached on shorter warning, yet not often with 
more spirit. Walked over with Mrs. Crow and her family 
and drank tea at Netherbyres. 

Munday, July 9th. — John Waugh and Richard Bell 
preached. Drank tea at Mr. Edgar's, who is in a very 
languid way. He is swelled both in his legs and trunk 
considerably, and his breathing is difficult ; yet he eats 
and sleeps, and was able to sit yesterday in the Kirk all 
the time of the long service. Paid him for the Sacramental 
wine of 1757, and bought some tea. Supped in Mrs. 
Crow's, where were also Waugh, the preacher Brown, his 
friend, W. Campbell,^ Polly Home's husband, who was 



1 William Campbell, son of William Campbell, Surveyor of Customs at 
Kirkcaldy. He had been ordained, a few days before this date, minister 
of the Low Meeting House, Berwick, and was translated to Lilliesleaf 1760. 
He married, 1759, Margaret, only daughter of Alexander Home, minister 
of Stitchel, Ridpath's predecessor in the parish. They had eight sons 
and six daughters. 



258 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

settled last week in Murray's place at Berwick. Were 
diverted very much by some excellent mimicry of Campbell, 
particularly of a sermon of Henry More's on the loss of 
Minorca.^ 

Tuesday, July 10th, — Set out along with John Waugh 
and Brown about 11, and dined with Walter Anderson, 
who has got a neat little house in one of the finest situa- 
tions in the Merse. As Walter's propensity to write as 
well as to speak are irresistible he is now on a project of 
writing a parallel between the Civil Wars of England in 
Charles Ist's time and the wars of the League in France, 
of which he read me a sort of Introduction. Came home 
about 9. Never saw the fields richer than in my whole 
journey, particularly the grass pastures. 

Thursday, July 12th. — Went to Marchmont House in 
consequence of an appointment with James Allan to meet 
him there. No other strangers there but Jamieson: John 
Patterson and Lady Ann there. Stayed till after tea. 
Not in the best spirits after my late fatigue, so that I was 
not able to make the decent acknowledgments due to his 
Lordship for his services to my brothers. Mr. Allan in 
some degree supplied the defect. Had as usual a great 
deal of discourse from his Lordship, from which there was 
not much of certain to be learned, so perverted are all his 
ideas by faction. Rode over with James Allan to Fogo in 
the evening, where we were much happier with the family 
there and John Hume, though John is not much less 
factious than Marchmont on the other side. Willie re- 
moved to Fogo Manse eight or ten days ago and has got 
it pretty well repaired. • 

Saturday, July 14<th. — Was weeding my hedge in the 
glebe p.m. when Mr. Dysart and his wife with the Clerk 
and John Hume, arrived. They drank tea and sate till 
betwixt seven and eight. 

Munday, July 16th. — ^Was some time in garden and 
glebe, attending also a while the carts that brought home 
a parcel of stones from Coldstream. Looked over and 

^ Probably Henry Moore, a Methodist preacher who pubhshed an Essay 
Qfi J^undc^mentals in 1760. , 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 259 

parcelled some volumes of Magazines to be sent to be 
bound. J. Stevenson and his brother George and Mrs. 
Stevenson ^ here at tea. Minna Dawson also called in 
passing betwixt Newton and Stitchell. She is sore 
thinned. 

Tuesday, July 17th. — Walked to Home before breakfast 
to see sick, and went to the mineral well in the meadow 
above the Little Mill of which I had often heard, but 
never seen before. It is at best a scanty spring, and is at 
present almost overgrown with meadow grass. It had 
much of a blue scum upon it, has a sensible astringency 
in the taste, and something of a gunpowder smell. The 
juice of plantain and argentina turned it to a very 
dark hue. Chalk also gave it a dark look, though 
in a smaller degree. Drank more than two pints of it ; 
found it easy on the stomach, invigorating, and was 
sensible of its astringency on my mouth, gullet, etc. 

[Some leaves have been torn out of the MS. here.] 

Munday, July 23rd. — Read a great part of Dr. Home's 
Medical Facts and Experiments. They are both wrote and 
printed very carelessly, yet contain some curious and 
useful things. Was in the glebe, and in the afternoon at 
the Lint Mill seeing a sick child. Alison Hog here at 
dinner and tea and getting her interest. 

Tuesday, July 2Uh. — At Home a.m. seeing sick. Mrs. 
Pollock here p.m. seeing my mother. Read some of the 
History of Gengiscan ^ in Universal History. It is so full 
of confusion and contradiction from the jarring accounts 
of Oriental writers, who seem to have had no idea of 
accuracy or truth in history, that I do not think I shall 
have patience to go through it. Read Dr. Home's work 
to an end. The best thing in it is his account of inoculating 
for the measles first practised by himself, and so far as 



1 George Stevenson was a brother of Professor Stevecson and of the 
tenant of Home Byres. There is some reason to beheve that he married 
Marion TurnbuU, a sister of the minister of Sprouston. 

2 Gengiscan, i.e. Genghis Khan, the celebrated Mogul conqueror, 1162- 

1227. 



260 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

he carried his experiments with great success. He does 
it by the blood imbibed in cotton from slight incisions 
made amongst the measly eruptions. 

Wednesday, July 25th. — Read over again some of Dr. 
Home's work and more of the Life of Gengiscan, whose 
western conquests afford a good deal more entertainment 
by being related more consistently and with more detail. 
Looked also for something for Gordon for to-morrow. 
Have got some cold and deafness, chiefly, I believe, by 
sitting a while at midday among Sir Robert's trees 
reading. 

Thursday, July 26th. — ^Went to Gordon to preach on the 
Fast Day before the Sacrament. Colleagues Ford ^ and 
J. Hume. Heavy and hoarse with cold, which made me 
perform but indifferently. Came home in the evening. 

Friday, July 27th. — Was looking over Simpson's Euclid 
which Mr. Pringle sent me a day or two ago, when Messrs. 
Turnbull and Lundy arrived. They prevailed with me, 
a good deal against the grain, to go to Eccles. Happy 
enough there. Came home by Mains with Mrs. Watson 
and Mrs. Gordon, who were drinking tea at Eccles. 

Saturday, July 28th. — Mostly cloudy, breeze westerly. 
Read some of Simpson's Notes on Euclid, which are very 
sparing on the first four books. Read over again a good 
deal of Dr. Home and prepared for to-morrow. 

Sunday, July 29th. — Bell and Betty Pollock here, Mas 
Thomas being at Whitsum at Waugh's Sacrament. 

Munday, July SOth. — The masons came to my house and 
fell to work with the soles and lintels of the windows. 
Read over again a good deal of Dr. Home's work, and 
some bits of Neil's Anatomy, and slept at night on Modern 
Universal History. Sir Robert here in the afternoon 
looking at the house and work. He is very troublesome 
with the unsureness and fluctuation of his schemes. 

Tuesday, July Slst. — Read to an end for the second 
time the practical part of Dr. Home's work, where there 



- 1 James Ford, minister of Lauder 1 753-1810. He had just been married 
a month before this date to Isobel Kirkland, Livingston. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 261 

are several judicious and sensible things. He gives 
various instances of the bad event of the sweating method 
in low fevers, and depends much in such fevers on wine 
and blisters. Read also some of Simpson's Improvements 
on Euclid's fifth book. Sowed spinnage for winter in the 
garden. Some time also with the masons, who began to 
put in the soles and lintels of the windows, a troublesome 
enough sort of work. 

Wednesday, August 1st. — Attended workmen a great 
part of the day, particularly Thomas Underwood, who 
repaired the dining-room window and that in my closet 
very ingeniously and very effectively. Sprot from Newton 
here p.m. Read a little of Neil and slept on Tamerlane. 
Will came before dinner from Whitsum ; he had preached 
yesterday at Chyrnside before the Presbytery, who seem 
now resolved to settle him before Michaelmas. 

Friday, August Srd. — Still chiefly attending workmen 
and doing some little things with putty. Got May Review 
from Kelso and read some of it. Read also some of David 
Hume's second volume of History of Great Britain, which 
I have at last got to-day from the Library. 

Saturday, August Uh. — Read some more of David Hume 
and prepared for to-morrow. Heard from various hands 
of the death of poor Mr. Walker, our co-presbyter, at 
Moffat Spa last Wednesday. Other circumstances I have 
not learned. He has been long shaking and asthmatick, 
but more of late than usual. Since his accession of 
fortune he has been accustomed, I believe, to live a little 
more fully than before, which has probably hastened his 
end. A man, on the whole, of a good heart and a very 
innoxious life, thoroughly subdued by a termagant, 
humorous ^ wife, who, notwithstanding all his obsequious- 
ness, was often, I imagine, making him unhappy. Perhaps 
the great addition to his fortune seven or eight years ago 
contributed to hurt his health, but in other respects it 
rather improved him, as he has on all occasions ever since 
showed himself very generous, humane, and hospitable. 



^ Ill-humoured, bad-tempered. 



262 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

This is the second death in our Presbytery in six years, 
a rate of living that is far too long to last with us. 

Munday, August 6th. — Attended workmen who began 
to-day to take down the wester gavel. Read also a good 
deal of David Hume's second volume of the Stuarts. 
There are always entertaining things in him, but not 
without a great mixture both of trifling and blundering. 

Tuesday, August 7th. — Had Sir Robert here in the fore- 
noon looking at the gavel, which, though it evidently 
requires to be taken further down than was proposed, yet 
he would not consent to have it done without acquainting 
Hunter. Wrote to Hunter and then went to the Presby- 
tery. John Stevenson there, and the poor wandering 
object, Mas Jas. Davidson. Drank tea with John Steven- 
son in Mr. Dawson's. Came home after 8. Found a 
letter from Hunter in answer to mine, which I had sent 
by Charles, allowing Sir Robert Pringle to do what he 
thought necessary, and promising to pay Lord Home's 
part. This I sent up to the Knight, who promises to be 
down to-morrow forenoon. 

Wednesday, August Sth. — Sir Robert came down in the 
forenoon, and after much hesitation, agreed to have the 
gavel taken a piece further down. We got the supports 
for scaffolds put up in the afternoon, in which Thomas 
Underwood showed his usual invention and activity. 
Attended these works most of the day. Read a little of 
D. Hume. 

Thursday, August 9th. — Attending workmen and Sir 
Robert Pringle, visiting them, who has not yet got over his 
scruples. However, the rebuilding is now fairly begun. 
Read some of D. Hume. Dr. Miller here a while before 
dinner and in the evening, being called to see an hysteric 
patient over the way. 

Friday, August 10th. — Sir Robert's scruples returned 
upon him in the morning, and were not to be satisfied 
without sending for J. Home, a mason at Mellerstain, who 
concurred in his judgment with Douglas, that we might 
proceed safely. Wilson of Coldstream, on his way from 
Mellerstain, at dinner. Read some of David Hume, who 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 263 

gives as black an account of the intrigues of the Cabal as 
any other historian. 

Saturday , August 11th. — Preached at Nenthorn on 
Hebrews 10. 14. Colleagued with Alexander Duncan. 
Heard from W. Mason that Allan Pollock ^ had arrived at 
Ednam on Thursday night, or rather Friday morning 
early. His brother George ^ from Paisley has also been 
here two or three days. 

Sunday, August 12th. — Attended at Nenthorn, where I 
served two tables. John Goldie preached p.m. Alex. 
Duncan ^ also there. 

Munday, August ISth. — At Nenthorn, where J. Bell and 
Ford preached ; Ford and his wife along with him. 
Matrimony seems to have scattered his ideas sore. Came 
home about 5, expecting to find Allan Pollock here, but 
he did not come. Read at night some of David Hume, 
with entertainment. He makes a very animated story of 
the Popish plots. 

Tuesday, August lUh. — Read David Hume and the 
Edinburgh and London newspapers. Dr. Allan Pollock 
and his brother George, together with John Waugh and 
his wife, and Bell and Bett Pollock here p.m. The Doctor 
is a man of but little conversation and is very much 
altered in his looks ; I should not have known him. 

Wednesday, August 15th. — Walked to Ednam with 
Nancy before breakfast and spent the day there, but 
insipidly, notwithstanding both of the Doctor and the 
Naiad. Allan seems someway sunk and deadened, per- 
haps by the sordidness of things at Ednam, when com- 
pared with the life he has been long accustomed to ; and 
the Naiad has lost something of the natural innocence and 
simplicity of her manners, which was one of her greatest 
charms, yet she is still a lovely lassie. There were several 
interlopers too. 



1 Eldest son of the minister of Ednam. He was a schoolmaster in 
London, and was about thirty-four at this time. 

2 George Pollock was born in 1732. 

» Alexander Duncan, minister of Gordon 1 770-1 800 : son of the minister 
of Smailholm. 



264 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

Thursday, August 16th. — Robert Turnbull and Cupples 
came and dined. They had been at Gordon all night ; 
Robert on his way from Lothian. Colden/ who has been 
several weeks in the country and seems to have some 
thoughts of settling in it, came also to dinner. Had a 
good deal of entertaining chat ; Golden a very sensbile 
lad. Was at Sir Robert's at tea, where were Sir John 
Hall and his sister. ^ His sister came over from Dunglas 
two or three days ago with Miss Maddy, who had got 
quite free from her strain, and Sir John himself came over 
to-day to inform his sister and friends here that his 
brother, who is in one of our regiments of cavalry in 
Germany, is safe.^ There were more particulars about 
the battle * in the papers to-day, and Sir John had a list 
of the killed and wounded of the British troops sent him 
by his brother, who is at London. From this it appears 
that our infantry have suffered very considerably. Killed, 
wounded, and missing amount to near 1200. The cavalry 
was not engaged ; and when Ligonier, from whom this 
list was got, came away, they were in pursuit of the 
French army, in which, if they have suffered anything, it 
is not yet known. 

Friday, August 17th. — Read David Hume's second vol. 
of the Stuarts to an end. His account of James's reign 
and of the revolution is, in general, fair and candid, but the 
detail is often wanting that is sufficient to enable a man 
to judge for himself. Some time in the glebe and with 
the masons, who are retarded in their progress by the want 
of service and the time it takes to raise their materials 
to them, which is done by the help of a pulley. 

Saturday, August ISth. — Attended my workmen and 
looked to some things in Simpson's Euclid. 



^ Perhaps William Colden, a son of James Colden, John Waugh's pre- 
decessor in the parish of Whitsome. He would be nineteen at this time. 

^ It was probably Sir John's elder sister, Isabella, who came with him, 
the younger having married, in 1743, William Hamilton of Bangour. 

^ It was Sir John's only brother, WiUiam, who was the cavalry officer. 

* This was the battle of Minden, fought on ist August 1759, when 
Prince Ferdinand defeated the French. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 265 

Munday, Augtost 20th, — Read a little of Simpson's 
Euclid ; in the afternoon rode to Mackerston to see Mrs. 
Walker.^ Had appointed R. Turnbull to come here to go 
along with me, but he did not come. Several people at 
Mackerston, among the rest Alexander Duncan. Got a 
cartload of lime from Berwick in the evening. The man 
I sent for it could not get it nearer. 

Tuesday, August 2i\st. — R. Turnbull came before dinner 
with a view of going to Mackerston in the afternoon, 
having, it seems, proposed to me the alternative of yester- 
day or to-day, which I had forgot. He stayed till the 
evening. In the Edinburgh papers there is a Character 
of a Lawyer from Butler's posthumous works, the fullest 
of wit of anything I have almost ever seen. Read some 
of Simpson's Euclid ^ and some of Robertson's Hebrew 
Grammar.^ If one may judge of Robertson's talent as a 
linguist by the Latin he writes, there can be nothing 
meaner. He is full everywhere of the poorest vernacular 
idioms, and often even breaks the commonest rules of 
grammar. 

Friday, August 2Uh. — Spent a great part of the day 
in the garden weeding and spreading some rubbish of 
the house. Read some of Simpson's Euclid. Will had a 
letter from Philip, where he informs him that all things 
had proceeded quietly at the Moderation * yesterday at 
Edrom, and that several had subscribed the call. By 
their appointing all his tryals on Tuesday next, it looks 
as if they intended to proceed to the settlement before 
Michaelmas, though Philip does not expressly say so 
much. 



1 Mrs. Walker, the termagant (' humorous ') widow of the deceased 
minister of Mackerston. 

2 Probably the work of Thomas Simpson (171 0-61), a distinguished 
mathematician and author of many works relating to this subject. 

^ Probably the grammar of Hebrew compiled by James Robertson, 
Professor of Hebrew and Oriental Languages in Edinburgh University 
1751-92 : it had the vowel points, according to the masoretic punctuation. 
Notwithstanding Ridpath's strictures on his Latinity, he appears to have 
been an able man and master of his subject. 

* That is, the 'Moderation' of the Call of WiUiam Ridpath to" the 
parish of Edrom. 



266 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

Saturday, August 25th. — Attended chiefly the masons, 
of whom Sir Robert begins to grow very tired ; one reason 
of which is their having one of his best working hands for 
a labourer. The ladies of Stitchill and Lady Hall here 
at tea p.m. Did something for to-morrow. 

Munday, August 27th. — Wrought in garden and glebe 
and attended masons. Read some of the geography of 
the seat of war in Germany. 

Tuesday, August 2Sth. — Rode to Eccles, where I dined 
and drank tea. Bess and the Clerk had set out in the 
morning towards Coldingham. Saw little Matthew.^ Mrs. 
Dysart read me a letter from Captain David, in which he 
ascribes the victory at Minden entirely to the ferocity of 
the attack of the British Infantry, which was such that 
they could with the utmost difficulty be kept to any order, 
yet nothing was able to resist them. Will came home 
late at night. The Presbytery took all his tryals, and have 
appointed him to be ordain' d by Tod on the 27th of next 
month. Thus we have the agreeable prospect of the easy 
and happy ending of this affair, for which there is much 
reason to be thankful to the Great Disposer of All Things, 
and as a second cause, to my good friend James Allan, of 
whose great benevolence this service to Will and us all 
was a very extraordinary effort. 

Wednesday, August 29th. — Robert Turnbull and Philip 
from Whitsum came before dinner. The work of wester 
gavel was finished to-day. Paid Douglas in the evening 
for his work, all to a few shillings. It has cost a great deal 
of time, but I believe is very sufficiently done. 

Thursday, August SOth. — Philip and I went to Sprowston, 
where was a Presbytery for visitation of Robert Turnbull' s 
manse. All the Presbytery there, also J. Waugh and 
Blaikie from Stockton, who had been at Waugh's house. 
Had a good deal of altercation with W. Ker about some 
articles, and delayed a final decision till our meeting at 
Kelso on Tuesday. 

^ As Matthew Dysart was married about 1730, * little Matthew,' who was 
his eldest son, must have been quite grown up by this time. He was a 
■ W.S., and died 1821. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 267 

Friday, August ^Ist. — Read last night and to-day the 
July magazine which Philip brought from Berwick. In 
the afternoon, was with Philip and Nancy at Sir Robert's. 
Finished the shearing of my corn this day, which is very 
early. Crop of oats and pease excellent. 

Sunday, September 2nd, — Set out for Edrom before 8. 
Got there in abundant time. Preached to a very thin 
audience, many of the people not having been certainly 
informed that there was to be sermon. Rode in the 
evening to Eymouth, wanting to see J. Allan and to get 
his company to Allanbank to-morrow. Brown who was 
formerly at Blakader and is now Doctor ^ to Duns School 
came there and staid all night. He repeated us some 
Latin and Greek verses of his own manufacture, and 
seems to have an uncommon stock of these languages in 
his head. Saw Mr. Edgar in a very distrest condition by 
the increase of his swelling and other symptoms. Saw 
also Mrs. Crow. 

Munday, September 3rd. — Called at Mr. Edgar's in the 
morning, also at Mr. Robertson's to see Bessy Dysart, who 
has been there some days bathing in the sea. Called at 
Mains in passing to Allanbank, where I saw Polly Crow. 
Found the knight at home, and Walter Anderson came 
also there. One of the Miss Rentons there. The knight 
very good and discreet. Sore distrest with the rain, 
which was heavy a great part of p.m. The roof of his 
house being a-renewing, and not a slate and but a small 
part of the sarking on it. Gave us a competent quantity 
after dinner of an uncommon wine, the growth he told us 
of Neufchatel, and a present sent to Scotland from the 
Earl Marshal. It resembles Burgundy in the appearance, 
is light, and of a very agreeable flavour. Nothing of 
moment past about Will's affair, but James Allan tells 
me that he grumbles a good deal about the Presbytery's 
proceeding to settle before Michaelmas, chiefly on account 
of his having given the other heritors hopes of getting 
some vacant stipend. Left Allanbank about 5, and rode 

^ ' Doctor ' to Duns School means that he was Rector or Head Master 
there. 



268 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

down to Whitsum. Considerably wet on the road. John 
Waugh gone to Ladykirk with Cupples and with Lundy 
who preached yesterday at Hutton for Philip. He came 
home in the evening. 

Tuesday, September Mh. — Called at Swintoun for Lundy 
who had been there all night, and rode forward to the 
Presbytery, W. Ker attending. Still more altercation 
betwixt Robert Turnbull and him, and hotter. The 
Presbytery, • however, gave their decreet for both floors 
of the lower room and kitchen. Drank tea at Mr. Lundy's, 
and rode over to Lintoun with Messrs. Chatto, Turnbull, 
and Philip. Staid at Lintoun all night. 

Wednesday, September 5th. — Staid at Lintoun to dine 
and drink tea. In the evening went over to Morbattle 
and staid all night. 

Thursday, September 6th. — Staid at Morbattle to dine. 
Called at Mr. Lundy's. Found Douglas of Jedburgh there, 
and were prevailed with to stay all night. Had a good 
deal of entertaining talk with Douglas about the High- 
lands. A sensible, sharp man. 

Friday, September 7th. Breakfasted at Mr, Dawson's, 
and came home to dinner. J. Sked here till the evening. 
Saw in the afternoon a sick child of Wm. Aitchison's. 
Jaded with my jaunting ; which made me doze a good deal. 

Saturday, September Sth. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
read a good deal of Wotton's Remains,^ where are several 
curious enough things. Philip left us about mid-day. 
He proposed to dine at Eccles in his way to Whitsum. 
Nancy went along with him, and is going to Berwick. 

Munday, September 10th. — Read to the end of Wotton's 
Remains, all but some bits of poetry. His elements of 
architecture are far the most valuable part of the collection. 
Read in last week's Chronicle no small curiosity. I have 

^ This was the Reliquiae Wottonianae ; or, a Collection of Lives, Letters, 
Poems, with characters of sundry Personages, and other incomparable Pieces 
of Language and Art. By the Curious Pencil of the Ever Memorable S*" 
Henry Wotton, Kt., late Provost of Eton Colledge. It was first pubUshed in 
1 75 1 with an elegy by Abraham Cowley and a memoir by Izaak Walton. 
There was a second edition in 1754, which may have been the one read by 
Ridpath. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 269 

seen it often mentioned of late, but have not before met 
with it. It is the defence of Eugene Aram ^ condemned 
at last York Assizes for a murther amazingly discovered, 
after 14 years' concealment. The man was schoolmaster 
at Knaresborough, when the murther was committed, and 
when he was seized, was usher to the school at Lynn. His 
defence is a most excellent composition in stile, argument, 
and learning. Unhappily it wants propriety, being too 
artful and laboured to gain credit. At night, read some 
of Wolff's Elem. Arch. Civ., being led to it by Sir H. 
Wotton's work. 

Tuesday, September 11th. — Read chiefly in Wolff's 
Architecture, and attended T. Underwood putting in the 
garret windows and restoring some plaistering necessary 
to make my room habitable. Will, who was at Edrom 
on Sunday, came home before dinner by the way of Fogo, 
where he was last night, and where he found Nancy and 
Philip making a visit with J. Waugh and his wife. He 
called at Angelraw, where he found that the laird, who had 
been long in a consumptive habit, died yesterday. He 
brought me a burial letter. 

Wednesday, September 12th. — Read some of Ware's 
Palladio,^ and looked to the cuts which are very beautiful. 
Attended also Thomas Underwood, who was employed in 
staying the roof and glazing the garret windows. 

Thursday, September 13th. — Employed chiefly in the 
forenoon in patching some crannies with a little lime that 
was left. Afternoon, went to Angelraw's burial. Had 
Sir Robert's company in coming and going. Sore wet in 
coming home. 

Friday, September lUh. — Was at Home and Hairy 
Heugh a.m. seeing sick. Dobby was here p.m. and one 
of his Jamaica boys. Read some Architecture in Palladio 
and Wolff. 



^ Eugene Aram, the well-known criminal, schoolmaster at Knares- 
borough. 

2 This was a translation of the four books of Palladio's Architecture by 
Isaac Ware (d. 1766). He was originally a chimney-sweeper's boy, but 
ultimately attained a high place as an architect. 



270 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

Saturday, September 15th. — Wrote in the forenoon a 
long letter to Philip to go by Will, who rides to Chyrnside 
to-night to preach for Walter Anderson, who serves his 
Edict to-morrow. Got in my corn. Harvest ended or 
near ending in most places in the neighbourhood. Balfour, 
who has the care of Mrs. Archibald's children at Reading, 
came here before dinner and staid till after tea. I had 
seen him at Waugh's, whose children he taught for a little 
time. Prepared for to-morrow and read a little Archi- 
tecture. 

Sunday, September 16th. — Sir John Hall in the Kirk, 
also young Hamilton and, I imagine, his governour. 

Munday, September 17th. — Carried up the slates in the 
forenoon to the garret, which afforded me a good deal of 
exercise. P.m. look'd to my maps and accounts in 
magazines of Quebeck, St. Laurence River, Lake Cham- 
plain, etc., and read some in Palladio. The Plates are 
extremely beautiful in that Work, but chiefly useful for 
a man who is already pretty well acquainted with archi- 
tecture, as the explications are very short. 

Tuesday, September 18th. — Got in my hay. Attended 
T. Underwood for some time, putting up the Red Room 
hangings. Mr. Pollock and his little daughter Mary here 
p.m. He is to give the Sacrament on Sabbath fortnight, 
and wants my help. Will came from Berwick in the 
evening. Read some more relating to Quebeck and 
Canada, etc., and some Architecture. 

Wednesday, September 19th. — Wrought some in the 
garden a.m. In the afternoon was at the Wawk Mill, 
seeing J. Nicol's boy, and drinking tea at Sir Alexander 
Don's. Lady Don is big with child and is looking very 
well, and the knight, I think, looks clearer and better 
than ever I have seen him ; only too fat. The eldest Miss 
Ker of Nisbet came there, a sensible, agreeable woman. 
Read some things in the magazines and some Architecture, 

Thursday, September 20th, — Rode to Home to see some 
sick, and thence to Gordon, where I have been long owing 
a visit. Got an ugly fall on the road by my horse coming 
quite down, but happily was not hurt. Found at Gordon 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 271 

Mr. Bell's son,^ who has been at home these 10 days from 
England and Gaudalupe. He is well-bred and has got 
a good deal of the air of an English clergyman. Mr. 
Lundy, poor wanderer, there also, along with Warden, ^ 
Minister at the Cannongate, and his son, whom he has 
been guiding round the country since Sunday, when 
Warden preached for him. He did not think it yet time 
to be home to-night. Left him there. Read the Edin- 
burgh and last London paper after I came home. Dresden 
seems to be given up. Slept on Architecture, 

Friday, September 21st. — Mr. Lundy came before dinner 
and left us after 4. Dr. Miller here at tea. Battered 
some of the hangings in the Red Room. Read some 
Architecture and an article or two for amusement in the 
Bibl. Raisonnee. 

Saturday, September 22nd. — Did some more to the Red 
Room hangings. Wrought a little in the garden and 
prepared for to-morrow. Returned to my own room at 
night where I know not whether I shall stay, as the smell 
of the lime is still very sensible. 

Sunday, September 2Srd. — ^Sandy Home came here to 
breakfast in his way to Nenthorn. He preaches there for 
Will, who thoughtlessly engaged to preach at Nenthorn 
for Abraham Ker, Abraham engaging to preach either 
at Edrom or at Langton for Johnson with whom Will 
had made an exchange for this day's preaching. Will 
found it inconvenient on several accounts to preach 
at Nenthorn, and to avoid this, has led himself into what 
I apprehend a muchgreaterinconvenience, that of preaching 
to-day at Polwarth and perhaps of dining at Marchmont 
House ; which I advised him to decline, as he is utterly 
unacquainted there, and has no introducer. 



1 Robert Bell, the son of the minister of Gordon. See ante, p. 207, 
n. I. 

2 John Warden, minister of the Canongate, Edinburgh, 1755-64 : son 
of John Warden, minister of Gargunnock. The son mentioned was 
probably his eldest, John, who succeeded him in the Canongate and took 
the name of Macf arlane on succeeding to the estate of Ballancleroch through 
his mother, who was a daughter of the laird. 



272 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

Munday, September 24iih, — At Home, seeing sick. After- 
noon, wrought a good while in the garden, delving my 
flower-ground. Evening read some Architecture, Slept 
on Horace. Will came home in the evemng. March- 
mont came up to him at Polwarth, spoke civilly to him 
and invited him to dinner, but luckily in such a manner 
as it was easy enough for him to decline. 

Tuesday, September 25th. — Read some Architecture. P.m. 
walked up to Sir Robert's to speak to him about the office- 
houses. Found Smith, ^ the minister of Innerwick, there, 
a sensible, well-behaved man. Staid till after supper. 

Thursday, September 27th. — Abraham Ker and Sprot 
breakfasted here ; and we set out before 8. Got to Edrom 
betwixt 10 and 11. Much company there ; 17 Ministers, 
besides those of the Presbytery. Of the Parish, Sir J. 
Stewart, 2 of the Telfords of Kimmerjam, young Brymer, 
Bruimhouse, Dr. Dunbar ; Hilton also there, by invita- 
tion of Philip. None of our Berwick friends but Mr. 
Waite and my sister, owing partly to their being much 
employed in an election contest betwixt Mr. Hall and 
Hodgson. The latter is supported by Colonel Crawford's 
party and our friends are unhappily divided about the 
affair. Tod was very short in his work, but sate so long 
after that he got himself very drunk, which, though an 
unlucky sort of incident, fell better on him than it could 
have done on anybody else.^ Far the greatest part of the 
company went away early in the afternoon ; and tho' 
there was some noise and merriment, yet there was no 
appearance of excess, but in Tod. Mr. Waite and my 
sister, Messrs. Turnbull and Lundy, Philip and I went to 
Waugh's and staid all night. Will went to Adam Rid- 
path's, with whom we have agreed he should stay. There 
is no going into the Manse, which is in the most ruinous. 



^ David Smith, minister of Innerwick 1729-80. 

^ This is the only occasion in which Ridpath admits that anybody who 
shared festivities with him was ' very drunk.' But it must be kept in 
view that Tod, who succeeded his father in Lady kirk, was not a persona grata 
with him, and there had been friction in connection with Ridpath's debt 
to the Kirk Session of Ladykirk. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 273 

dismal condition that can be ; and tho' his lodging in 
Ridpath's is but incommodious, yet upon the whole it is 
by far the best place that could be found for him in the 
Parish, and we are pretty sure of his being used with the 
greatest discretion and tenderness by Adam and his wife. 
Murray, who is the man's nephew, was very keen of having 
him placed there. It is very needless for me to expatiate 
on this piece of good fortune. It is doubtless on the whole 
to be reckoned among the greatest that I have met with, 
and for which continual thankfulness is due to the Disposer 
of all things. 

Friday, September 28th. — Nancy and I, with Turnbull 
and Lundy, set out after 11 ; and Waugh came along 
with us, designing all to dine with Mr. Cupples, but he 
was gone from home. Mr. Waite, my sister and Philip 
had set out for Berwick some time before. Got home 
betwixt 2 and 3, Lundy attending to wait on Nancy. 
Robert Turnbull went by Ednam. We came past Eccles 
without calling, Matthew having told us yesterday that 
Mrs. Dysart had been so ill for two or three days past as 
to keep her bed. Mr. Lundy left us about 4. Dozed and 
read some of the July Review and Appendicc, which came 
from Kelso on Wednesday night. 

Saturday, September 29th. — Shaved after dinner and rode 
to Eccles, where I found Mrs. Dysart up and a good deal 
better, but still in warm keeping. Got Smith's Theory of 
Moral Sentiments ^ from Matthew, of which I read a little 
in the evening, but was more inclined to doze. 

Sunday, September SOth. — Lectured on Acts xxiv. 17-fin. 
Preached on Jerem. ix. 23, 24. Gave over preaching in, 
the forenoon.^ 



1 Adam Smith (1723-90), the celebrated political economist, had published 
this year his Theory of Moral Sentiments ; or, an Essay towards an Analysis 
of the Principles by which men naturally judge concerning the Conduct and 
Character first of their Neighbour and afterwards of Themselves. Carlyle 
calls it ' the pleasantest and most eloquent book on the subject.' Smith 
was at this time Professor of Logic in the University of Glasgow. 

2 This probably marks the date of the introduction at Stitchel of two 
separate diets of worship. In the morning the lecture was given and in 
the afternoon the sermon. 

S 



274 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

Munday, October 1st — Saw sick at Home a.m. W. 
Dickson's wife and her little niecie here in the afternoon. 
Read in the evening about a fourth part of Smith's Theory. 
Got letter from Richard Edgar inviting me to the burial 
of his brother Andrew who died on Sabbath morning. 

Tuesday, October 2nd. — Set out for Eymouth a 
little after 8. Got to Edrom betwixt 10 and 11. 
Thought Will would have been gone before me, but had 
him to wait for. Eat some dinner in Adam Ridpath's, 
where Will seems to be rightly enough situated. Spoke 
about some things he wanted, and some things proper to 
be done to the room. Adam having been also invited to 
the burial, we all set out together and got to Eymouth 
betwixt 2 and 3. A great many people at the burial. 
Drank some wine in Raton's with Dr. Balderstone, W. 
Hall, J. Stanton, etc. Supped and lay all night in Mrs. 
Edgar's. Mr. Hall lost his election on Saturday by 16 
votes. Hodgson had got a great start of him. 

Wednesday, October Srd. — Breakfasted with Mrs. Crow, 
and rode afterwards to Berwick with Philip. Dined in 
Mr. Waite's, and was nowhere else. Set out after 3 and 
got here betwixt 7 and 8. Look'd out for something for 
to-morrow at Ednam. 

Friday, October 5th. — Went to Kelso to dine with Mr. 
Lundy, where was also Robert Turnbull. The Presbytery 
had appointed us, together with Mr. Pollock, to wait on 
W. Ramsay about the affair of Robert Turnbull's repara- 
tions, which the Clerk is still refractory in executing. We 
went over to Waldie's to him in the afternoon, and after 
some little prequeerings, prevailed with him to consent 
to the things being done. Drank tea in Mr. Lundy's and 
came home betwixt 7 and 8. 

Saturday, October 6th. — Mild day. Attended at Edrom, 
where Messrs. Turnbull and Dysart preached. Walked 
to and again with Nancy. Will went to Edrom after 
dinner. Had a letter from Philip in the evening, in which 
he informs me that he has a letter from a man at Greenock 
informing him that Mr. Home of St. Kitts has consigned 
to him a tierce of sugar to be sold for Philip's use, which 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 275 

accordingly he is to sell, and remit the money. A tierce 
is only f of a hogshead. How so small a matter should be 
sent, when so much is due, is somewhat strange. But as 
the Fleet from the Islands is in the Channel it is probable 
the thing will be soon explained by a letter from Home 
himself. 

Tuesday, October 9th. — Tongue and adjacent part of the 
throat uneasy in swallowing, spitting, etc. Kept almost 
wholly within doors and read without interruption Smith's 
Theory. Got to the end of it and went over again with 
more attention than before about 100 pages in the begin- 
ning. At night revised some of the Review. Got from 
Philip in the morning the good news of his getting a letter 
at last from Home with two bills enclosed, one on Glasgow 
for £100 and one on London for £10, 10s. The tierce of 
sugar sent to Greenock was part of the cargo he received 
from Bridgewater, but being somewhat damaged he could 
not dispose of it at St. Kitts. This is a most happy event 
to Philip and a just cause of thankfulness to us all. 

Wednesday, October 10th. — Read Smith most of the day ; 
also the Edinburgh newspapers. In the evening read in 
the 6th Volume of Dodsley's Miscellanies which Nancy 
has pickt up somewhere, a very good translation of Cebes's ^ 
Table by Scott, also some other things. Tongue growing 
better by abstemiousness, water and warmth. 

Thursday, October 11th. — Read over a good deal more of 
Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments and looked over the 
rest. The work shows him to be a man of knowledge and of 
genius too, but yet I can by no means join in the applauses 
I have heard bestowed on it. What is new in it is perhaps 
of no great moment in itself, and is neither distinctly 
explained nor clearly established. An extravagant turn 
to declaim and embellish leads him quite astray from that 
study of accuracy, precision, and clearness that is so 
essentially necessary to the delivering of any theory, 
especially a new one ; and his indulging of this humour 



^ Cebes, a Theban, disciple of Socrates and the reputed author of the 
Pinax or ' votive tablet,' a philosophical dialogue. 



276 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

for playing everywhere the orator, tho' his oratorical 
talents are far from being extraordinary, has made him 
spin out to the tedious length of 400 pages what in my 
opinion might be delivered as fully and with far more 
energy and perspicuity in 20. What can this arise from 
but the man's being used all his life to declaim to boys 
and not attending to the distinction necessary to be made 
betwixt a circle of them as auditors and a world of cool 
and reasonable men as readers ? The most valuable 
part of the work, tho' not altogether free from the fault 
taken notice of, is the account given in the end of the 
different systems of Moral Philosophy , Ancient and Modern. 
Read some more things in Dodsley's Miscellanies and 
what I had not read before of the August magazine. 

Friday, October 12th. — Tweed is flooded. Read some in 
the magazines and some Architecture, Was also east the 
town p.m. seeing sick. Fr. Pringle came to drink tea and 
brought with him a piece of intelligence that rejoiced me 
extremely. There is a purpose of marriage just on the 
point of executing betwixt Sir John Hall and Miss Maddy. 
Frank showed me a testimonial of a Proclamation from 
Auldhamstocks dated last Sunday, and the Proclamation 
is to be made here Sunday next. Maddy' s faux pas at 
Dunglass has been a very fortunate one, tho' nobody 
that knows her will think Sir John less fortunate than she. 
Was so much amused and pleased with this affair, that I 
did little else than rave of it all the evening.^ Still troubled 
a little at my sore tongue and throat notwithstanding all 
my temperance and abstinence. Got some cold with 
going out to-day, and, I believe, in the house by sitting 
at a fire something too hot among airing clothes. 

Saturday, October ISth. — Prepared for to-morrow and 
was going up in the afternoon with Nancy to see the bride, 



1 The marriage of Sir John Hall and Madeleine Pringle took place in a 
very few days. Enthusiastically approved of by Ridpath, the union was 
no doubt a happy one, but it was not destined to last long as Lady Hall 
died in 1763. Sir John survived her thirteen years. What Maddy 's 
faux pas at Dunglass was remains untold, but it cannot have been a very 
terrible one. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 277 

but Sprot from Newton came in. He drank tea and 
staid till betwixt 7 and 8. A tolerably sensible lad. 

Sunday, October lUh. — Tongue and throat pretty well 
in the morning ; but much distrest by speaking, and I 
believe the worse of it. Drank some hydromel ^ at night 
and continued wrapping. 

Munday, October 15th. — Charles carried books and clothes 
to Will at Edrom. He has been blooded, vomited and 
taken physick under the direction of his neighbour Dr. 
Dunbar, and says he is much better. I was a good deal 
easier to-day and continued the use of honey in my tea 
and water at night. Read some pieces of Spon's Travels,^ 
particularly his account of Minerva's Temple in the 
Athenian Acropolis, which is one of the finest remains of 
antiquity now extant. There are lately published cuts 
of the ruins of Athens in an expensive volume with some 
descriptions. The August London Magazine gives the 
account given there of this temple, which seems in great 
part to have been transcribed from this of Spon. 

Tuesday, October 16th. — In the evening betwixt 7 and 
8 o'clock had a very unexpected call by a letter from Mr. 
Pringle to marry Sir John Hall and his bride. Had kept 
the house for these two days past and was so much better 
as not to be afraid to venture out. Got up about 9 and 
performed the ceremony very briefly. Nancy and Minna 
Dawson had gone up in the evening and were detained, 
and we three with Sir John and the family were all the 
company.^ Soberly very joyous ; but never was a simpler 
affair. Sir John not having been expected till to-morrow 
night and having no clothes but what he rode with, and 
the bride in her household dress. Came home with Minna 
and Nancy after 11. 

^ Hydromel, a mixture of honey and water : when fermented it becomes 
mead. 

2 James Spon (1647-86), French traveller and antiquary. It is probably 
his Voyage d' Italic . . . Grice, etc. (Lyons, 1678) that is referred to in 
the text. 

3 It is not clear why this wedding was so hurriedly and unceremoniously 
celebrated, especially as it seems to have received the approval of all 
parties concerned, 



278 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

Wednesday, October 17th. — Saw a sick woman in the 
forenoon. Were invited to Sir Robert's to dine, where was 
just the same company as last night. The marriage 
having been made a night sooner than was designed, none 
of the friends cast up. W. Stevenson was to have been 
there, but had gone to Wooler Fair. Had a good deal of 
chat with Sir John, chiefly about his travels. He has 
very considerable funds and is a man of much simplicity 
and candor. I dare say Maddy will pass her time with 
him very comfortably. Came home in the evening. 

Thursday, October 18th. — Mr. Dawson and Mrs. Dawson 
here in their way to Sir Robert's to dine. Mrs. Dawson 
staid all night. 

Friday, October 19th. — Charles carried Mrs. Dawson to 
Kelso. Read some of Juan d'Ulloa's Voyage to South 
America from the Library.^ Looked to something at 
night for Kelso to-morrow. 

Saturday, October 20th. — P. Brydone ^ and Henry Grieve 
came here to breakfast. Brydone went to Stitchill to 
see Walter Pringle. Colonel Crawfurd has got him a 
Commission of 2nd Lieutenant in his Regiment, and 2 or 3 
posts ago he has a letter from Dr. Pringle informing him 
that the Doctor has got the grant of an Ensigncy for him 
from Lord Ligonier. He sticks by Crawfurd, but is a 
good deal distrest about refusing the Doctor's Commission, 
as he had promised to him certainly to accept what he 
should procure for him. But he seems to be* sufficiently 
disengaged by being served in the same way, prior to the 
Doctor's being able to do it. I left the young men, who 
returned to Eccles to dine, and went to Kelso, where I 
preached for Mr. Lundy on James 4. 8. Thought on a 
plan, as I was riding down, having forgot the papers of 



^ Juan d'UUoa published an account of his travels in Central America, 
at Madrid, 4 vols. foUo, 1748. I do not know whether this is the book 
referred to in the text, but if it is it was probably in an abridged translation. 

2 Patrick Bryden or Brydone, son of the minister of Coldingham. It 
is doubtful if he ever served in the army. He was a traveller and scientist, 
and published a Tour through Italy and Malta : died 181 8. His mother 
was a half-sister of Matthew Dysart. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 279 

what I intended as my subject. Came home in the even- 
ing and prepared for to-morrow. It is droll that the bride 
or bridegroom have sent no gloves.^ 

Sunday, October 2ilst. — Sir John Hall and his bride in 
the Kirk, with a great train of relations, splendidly drest 
and carried in 4 wheel machines. ^ Waited for them by 
desire. They came about 12 and were dismist before 2. 
As I could not be soon enough at Kelso for any share of the 
forenoon work, dined and rode down after. Preached in 
the school on John 1. 16. Came home in the evening. 

Munday, October 22nd. — Intended to have gone to Sir 
Robert's in the morning to bid Lady Hall farewell, but 
heard they were not to set out till to-morrow. P.m. rode 
up to Home Byres to see W. Stevenson, who has been 
distrest with his sciatic, but is better. Found when I 
came home in the evening Philip arrived with Will. Philip 
came by the way of Edrom on purpose to see Will and 
bring him along. It is lucky he has done so, for Will 
was under a management there which continued awhile 
longer would probably have dish'd him up. He is sore 
reduced, but seemed to be rather better than worse by his 
journey. 

Tuesday, October 2Srd. — Went to the Synod, where Ford 
preached an odd sort of sermon abounding in quotations 
in verse and prose. Paton chosen Moderator. Monteith 
made a motion for a thanksgiving for our publick successes ^ 
and for our addressing the king on the same. The thanks- 
giving was appointed on the last Thursday of December, 
but not to be kept if the king appointed a day for the same 
purpose. James Allan and I were of the Committee for 
drawing an address, and each of us immediately after 
dismissing the Synod fell to work and made a sketch. 



^ It was the custom for a newly-married pair to present the officiating 
minister with a hat or a pair of gloves. Ridpath not only got gloves but 
a hat also before long : see November 4th. 

2 A four-wheel carriage was not very common in Scotland at this period. 
Indeed Somerville says {Life and Times, pp. 355-7) that even carts were 
rare. 

^ The taking of Quebec by Wolfe- 



280 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

I lay with J. Allan in ColF Marchant's, where he has got 
some acquaintance with the daughter. 

Wednesday, October 24>th. — Showed our draughts to the 
other members of the Committee, who' were very well 
pleased with each. Corrected and transcribed J. Allan's, 
of which the Synod approved, after the alteration of an 
expression or two. In the evening transcribed this work 
fair for transmitting. Made a few more alterations and 
inclosed it in a letter to Holderness.^ Was with a great 
company in Wood's, which was too riotous for a company 
so large and mixt. Lay in Waldie's with J. Allan. A bad 
night of rain, which, together with this address work, 
detained us in town. 

Thursday, October 25th. — Came up with James Allan 
and Philip before 12. Will was at Kelso yesterday and 
Tuesday, without being the worse of it, I think ; tho' he is 
sore extenuated and not at all sound. Perhaps he has 
suffered something from the ground floor of his lodging at 
Ridpath's, but certainly much more by foolishly falling 
a-visiting his Parish and thereby exhausting himself and 
catching an abominable cold. Indeed his projects of work 
of every kind are so far beyond his strength that it will not 
[at] all be surprising if he should knock himself up. Read 
with attention all the accounts from Quebeck. Monteith 
came up from Kelso towards the evening and staid all 
night. 

Friday, October 26th. — W. Campbell and his wife, who 
from Berwick in their way to Gordon, have been at Kelso 
during the Synod time and Cupples along with them, came 
to breakfast. All guests went away after breakfast. Will 
is to stay a while, in order to recruit his strength and spirits. 
Dozed some and read Juan d'Ulloa's Voyage, a very 
entertaining work. 

Saturday, October 27th. — Weather the same, with some 
showers of rain, sleet, hail. Wrote some things into my 
accounts and read Ulloa's Voyage. 



^ Robert Darcy, sixth Earl of Holdernesse, was Secretary of State in 
the Pelham and Pitt ministries, 1751-61. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 281 

Sunday, October 28th. — Rode to Makerston to give my 
turn in supplying the vacancy there. Dined by invita- 
tion at the Colonel's, where was Walter Scot. Drank 
tea with Mrs. Walker, who is very tedious in her lamen- 
tations. Came home between 6 and 7. 

Tuesday, October 30th. — Was at Home, baptising a 
child, and sometimes attending Thomas Underwood, who 
began to lay the Low Room floor. Revised some of 
Ulloa's Voyage and read in the Bibl. Rais. some things 
relating to it, particularly the account of de la Conda- 
mine's voyage down the river of Amazons. 

Thursday, November 1st. — Hard frost and clear. Read 
over again a good deal of Ulloa's Voyage, which is without 
question one of the best works of that class. Mr. Dawson 
here at dinner. He had been at Nether Miln seeing the 
children there, all ill of the smallpox. 

Friday, November 2nd. — Read more of the Voyage to 
South America. Will left us betwixt 11 and 12, proposing 
to dine at Fogo. He is very much recruited and free of 
all complaints except an inconsiderable cough. I have no 
fear of him if he takes due care of himself, but this I can 
hardly expect. As he was not easy in being absent from 
his Parish, I thought it better to let him go. 

Saturday, November Srd. — Attended Thomas Underwood, 
who finished the room, and got up all the furniture in the 
evening, so that my Mother and Nancy returned to it. 
Prepared also for to-morrow and read some more of d'Ulloa. 

Sunday, November Uh. — Lectured on Psalm 119. 169-fin. 
Preached on Jeremiah 9. 23, 24. Had my marriage 
trophies on, hat and gloves, which came yesterday by the 
return of Sir Robert and Mrs. Pringle from Dunglass. 

Munday, November 5th. — Weather the same. Drew out 
the accounts of the expences of my Manse, which I was 
going to carry to Sir Robert's with me p.m., but W. 
Stevenson, who called in the forenoon to enquire about 
Will, told me he had gone to Marchmont House. Read 
some of Spon and some of d'Ulloa's Voyage. 

Tuesday, November 6th. — Weather much the same. In 
the forenoon made out a list of new books for 3 years past 



282 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

from the magazine catalogues to carry to our Library's 
meeting to-morrow. Afternoon went to Sir Robert's, 
who was at Greenlaw, attending a meeting of Commis- 
sioners of Supply and Justices of Peace called by a Quarter- 
Session of Justices that met last Tuesday, by an advertise- 
ment in the newspapers. The Earl of Home, who got a 
Commission of Lord Lieutenancy for the County of Mers 
before he went to Gibraltar, nominated in March 1758 
nine deputies, whose commissions have been sent to them 
only within these two or three weeks. Lord Marchmont 
takes this opportunity of showing his zeal by proposing 
to address his Majesty for arms, which are totally wanting 
in the country. Kaims, one of the deputies, opposed the 
address with vehemence, pretending that it carried in it 
a request for calling out the Militia and arming the county, 
the inexpediency of which he insisted much on. However, 
Marchmont carried his point, even with the concurrence 
of many of the opposite faction who were present ; and 
Kaims's sticking to his opinion was the only hindrance to 
its being altogether unanimous. I do not distinctly know 
the secret history of this affair, but from what I heard 
beforehand I imagined that Marchmont was going to 
dispute the legahty of raising a militia by the means of 
these Deputy Commissioners. But he seems to have 
leur donnS le change by showing more zeal in the matter 
than they. Mrs. Pringle was telling me that the Captain 
is on the point of being Major of his Regiment, tho' by 
a transaction that costs him dear. 

Wednesday, November 7th. — Went to the Presbytery, 
where McDougal,^ who is soon to be presented to Makerston, 
preached a good enough sermon. He produced also a 
licence from the Scotch Class at London, before whom, 
for the sake of dispatch, he past tryals. Besides preaching 
before us he underwent an examination which a late Act 
of Assembly requires before we can receive as a proba- 
tioner one that has been licensed in England. Drank tea 

1 Thomas Macdougal was licensed by the Scots Presbytery in London : 
was ordained at Mackerstoun 17th April 1760: died 1784: married Ann, 
daughter of Edward Inglis, druggist, Edinburgh. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH ' 283 

in Mr. Dawson's, and attended at night a Library meeting 
in Waldie's, which was thinner than usual. Gave a pretty 
large commission for new books and also gave orders for 
new presses for holding our books, which are to be put 
up so soon as these are ready, in a room in the town house 
which Ramsay has procured us the use of and at the 
expense of the Duke of Roxburgh made a very decent, 
convenient place. Our finances now are in a tolerably 
good condition.^ Lodged with Robert Turnbull in Mr. 
Dobby's. 

Thursday, November 8th. — Breakfasted in Dobby's. 
Called at Dr. Gibson's and wrote a letter as Preses of the 
Library meeting, which I was made last night for current 
year, to Mr. Baillie at Mellerstain, acknowledging the 
favours of Lady Murray ^ to our Library, and desiring the 
continuance of them on his part. This was thought 
proper last night by the meeting, tho' I did not much 
approve of it, as having too much the air of begging. 
Mrs. Dawson took it in her head to ride up with me to 
visit Mrs. Pringle in her solitude. She dined in passing. 
Sent up with her to Sir Robert the State of Accounts about 
the Manse, in order to get what he is due. Wrote to Philip 
and read 2nd volume of d'Ulloa's Voyage. 

Friday, November 9th. — Read d'Ulloa and a greater part 
of the September magazine which came from Berwick by 
one of our egg- men. Philip writes me he has been seeing 
Mr. Renton, who was discreet enough and desired me to 
see him. I believe I must go back again to that house 
from which the Hutton affair has produced a long alienation. 

Munday, November 12th. — Read a good deal of d'Ulloa 
and some of the September magazine. Had a letter from 
Philip, in which he informs me that in consequence of an 
accidental rencounter he has altered his measures about 
taking up house and is going to board with Logan, the 



^ The Library appears to have been quite a flourishing institution at 
this time. It disproves the statement made by Dr. Somerville in his Life 
and Times (p. 330) that there were no circulating Hbraries or reading clubs 
in any of the country towns in Scotland. 

2 See ante, p. 253, n. i. 



284 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

tenant in Fishwick, who has very good accommodation 
for him. He writes also that Nancy Waite was threatened 
with a fever and would have had me come down to-day. 
Will therefore wait till I hear farther, especially as I 
intended at any rate to be down next week. 

Tuesday, November ISth-Wednesday, November 28th. — 
A little storm of frost and snow about the end of the 2nd 
week, that is, preceding Sunday the 25th. On the first 
of these days got a letter from Philip which it was great 
security and carelessness in me not to have sent for the 
night before, advertising that the Doctor look'd on Nancy 
Waite as in great hazard on the Munday morning. The 
letter was to Nancy, as Philip had taken it for granted 
that I had set out for Berwick on the morning of that day. 
Set out on the Tuesday in less than 2 hours after the letter 
came to my hand, and got to Berwick betwixt 5 and 6 
o'clock. By this time the poor child had all the most 
fatal symptoms, and was indeed little better than in the 
agonies of death. Tho' the eruption of red spots which 
was very copious kept out, and preserved its red colour 
to the last, yet from the Munday morning her pulse had 
fallen and her respiration became laborious and difficult 
by ulcerations, as the Doctors believed, in her throat, an 
usual attendant of these fevers. A blister applied on the 
Tuesday forenoon was taken away after I came. Tho' 
very strong, it scarce had produced any effect, but an 
excoriation of a livid colour. . . . The sweet little innocent 
at last expired betwixt 7 and 8 in the morning of Wednesday 
the 14th, at the age of 8 years. 

I performed all the duty to her I could, by sitting up 
all the night by her, and from time to time administering 
to her some little draughts, part of which she with great 
efforts got over, till within a few hours of her death. 
She knew me and looked on me often with pleasure ; 
atteriipted also to speak to me, but could not articulate 
her words. Thus it pleased God to remove a great orna- 
ment and comfort to her parents and all our family, in 
the beautiful blossom of tender, tho' seemingly very 
vigorous youth. His Will be done. She catched the 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 285 

infection, it is probable, at school, such a fever having 
been very general among the young ones, tho' mortal but 
to a small number. This scene of distress was scarce 
over, when we learned that the poor boy had had feverish 
symptoms the preceding night, which continued still with 
him, tho' gently, in the morning. The Doctor took a 
sufficient quantity of blood from him ; and as grief at 
first for the other poor child, and afterwards a sore throat 
and other distressing symptoms, the consequence of grief 
and of the cold and fatigue in attending poor Nancy, 
rendered my sister quite incapable of attending the boy, 
I set about this task and shall be always thankful to the 
Almighty for having been an instrument, if I am not 
mistaken, of preserving his life, which was certainly in 
no small danger both from the violence of the disease 
itself and from some circumstances that fell out in the 
progress of it. The symptoms, however, as all who had 
seen them both affirmed, were not near so violent as those 
of his sister. The eruption on him was not in distinct 
spots, but a great redness in various places of his body, 
particularly his hands, feet, and lower part of his belly, 
which in a few days became very itchy, and at last peeled 
in white scales. In the beginning he was greatly inclined 
to sleep, and dozed much. His tongue was parched and 
white. On the fourth day he complained of his throat, 
his pulse growing very high and quick, I immediately 
advertised his doctors and a poultice was applied, wherein 
the bigness of a walnut of theriaca ^ was mixed, and this 
for two days was renewed twice or thrice in the day. It 
seemed to have a good effect, for neither his swallowing 
nor respiration was ever very sensibly obstructed. A 
viscid defluxion in his nose and throat made him breathe 
with noise and snoring ; but he gradually and pretty soon 
got free of it. His urine separated and he was much 
relieved on the morning of the 7th day. His respiration 
and swallowing continued perfectly easy, but his urine 

^ Theriaca : there were several kinds of theriacs in the old pharma- 
copoeia, all however based on a preparation of sugar resembling treacle (see 
Graham's Scotland in the Eighteenth Century, p. 480). 



286 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

ceased to subside or separate, and a great heat and quick 
pulse still continued. . . . On the 12th, 13th, 14th, how- 
ever, his heat sensibly abated, and the swelling of his legs 
and feet fell. Their pain also on being touched, and great 
heat, diminished. . . . That forenoon [15th] I left him, and 
he seemed to be almost well ; had got up, taken his break- 
fast and was amusing himself.^ For 6 or 7 nights I lay in 
a shakedown in the room beside him, and had too often 
occasion to see how much the ordinary watchers on these 
occasions stand in need of an Intendant. One night (Sun- 
day, Nov. 18) I thought him in extreme danger. . . . He 
continued still to dose, and I heard him with great pain 
and anxiety labouring greatly in his respiration, and, as I 
apprehended, very likely soon to breathe his last ; while 
his other two attendants were fast asleep. I at last 
resolved to awake him, and when I came to his bed, found 
his pulse low and slow to a great degree, and saw the 
drops of sweat standing on his face. I awaked him gently 
and in that extremity could think of nothing so proper 
as to give him some pure wine, of which I warmed a tea- 
cupfull and sweetened it a little. I found him still sen- 
sible, tho' greatly feeble ; and by the vehement persuasion 
of a man almost in despair, prevailed with him to swallow 
a little of it, which as soon as he had done, gave him so 
agreeable a relief that without further difficulty he sipped 
out the whole tea-cupfull. This revived him, and care 
was taken the rest of the morning not to allow him to 
want too long. He was also in hazard that same night 
of catching a very dangerous cold, for the poultices being 
discontinued, as no longer necessary, a wrapping of wool 
enclosed in linnen had been applied in the evening to his 
throat, which by his struggling and restlessness, through 
the working of the glyster, had become quite loose and 
detached, and thereby his throat bared, after having been 
kept so warm before, which, if not speedily remedied, 
might have had fatal consequences. This was the sorest 



^ Though not mentioned in the Diary, the boy evidently had a relapse, 
the result, probably, of getting up too soon. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 287 

and most distressing night of my attendance — (it was the 
night of Sunday the 18th) — ^but at the same time, I beUeve, 
the most useful. The others, however, were sufficiently 
restless ; and as such a strict attendance became unneces- 
sary, I came down to the parlour, where a tent bed had 
been set up. . . .^ He took on this occasion a good deal 
of chicken broth with barley, which seemed to restore 
him much, and after this he sensibly gained ground. At 
the beginning he took a few spoonfuls of a cordial mixture 
with the neutral salts, and drops of Elixir Vitrioli among 
some of his drinks. But his chief and almost only medicine 
was wine, first of a softer and heavier kind, which he took 
in whey, afterwards sherry, light and of a good body, which 
he took with water, which at first seemed to do great good 
to his mouth and throat, and afterwards proved an excel- 
lent cordial. It was indeed his chief support ; for he took 
very little food either solid or liquid. One night towards 
the end of the distemper he drank a good deal of barley 
gruel boiled with raisins, which seemed to do him good. He 
took also some currant jelly, which seemed to cool and 
refresh him much ; but he soon tired of it. A great addi- 
tional distress to Mr. Waite's family was one of his pren- 
tices, a very stout lad of 19, falling into a fever just after 
the poor child's burial, of which he died. There was a 
necessity for removing him out of the house, a circumstance 
very disagreeable to Mr. Waite, but very necessary for 
the safety of his own family, and I believe not hurtful 
to the lad himself, as he had been out of bed all that day, 
in which he was removed, and was carried to a very good 
place in Tweedmouth, where he was attended by his 
parents, till the time of his death. He had petechiae ^ 
towards the end of his fever, and at that period also he 
became violently delirious. Dr. Balderstone was at 
Edinburgh from Tuesday the 20th till the Saturday after, 
so that the lad was chiefly attended by Doubleday, who 
did not seem sufficiently aware of his danger, till near the 

1 Here follow some sick-room details of his condition and illness which 
are unnecessary to quote. 

^ Petechiae : small spots of extravasated blood below the skin. 



288 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

fatal period ; but how he treated him I know not. Double- 
day also attended Willy Waite from the 13th day of his 
fever ; Dr. Balderstone being obliged to be out of town all 
that day, and the distemper being then in its most danger- 
ous period. Doubleday had been also called the day 
before Nanny died ; and attended Willy to the end of his 
illness. Dr. Balderstone and he agreed well enough, in the 
main, in their opinions. I saw the poor lad the prentice 
the evening before he died, and was a good while in the 
room with him. By this time I was pretty much worn 
out by anxiety, and scarce half my ordinary sleep for 9 or 
10 days. I had flattened myself farther by eating a full 
dinner of fish. This made me droop much the three or 
four last days I was in town. I rested badly three nights 
successively and it ran pretty strongly in my head that 
I had catched the fever. I had also a tendency to a sore 
throat. I was proposing to ride home on Saturday, the 
24th, but the child being but so-so that day, I got Campbell, 
who was often in Mr.. Waite's, to preach for me, and 
supplied his place in the Low Meeting. This was even 
hard on me, in my exhausted state of spirits. However, I 
got very good rest the night before I came away, which I 
partly ascribed to the sipping up of two calves' feet 
jellies. Much cause had I of thankfulness to God that my 
fears were happily dissipated. Got a very cold stormy 
day from N.W. to ride home in, and reached home about 
sunset ; having had the good fortune to escape a bitter blast, 
by arriving just as it began, at Twisel Boat House, where 
I stopt and took a little refreshment. Dozed the evening, 
and mused when awake, of something for to-morrow. Saw 
almost all my friends after the boy began to grow out of 
danger, but spent very little time with them ; thinking 
myself obliged to give close attendance at Mr. Waite's, 
both for the sake of the child and his parents. Will was 
in town at the time of the child's death, but rode up here 
that day to bring our people the news and keep them 
company. Philip came up on the Saturday after, and 
preached for me on the 18th. He returned to town on 
the Tuesday evening, and was very little away from Mr. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 289 

Waite's all the time I was in town. He slept in Mr. 
Stanton's. 

Thursday, November 29th. — Thanksgiving for our late 
glorious train of successes by Royal Proclamation. 
Preached twice on Ps. 126. 3. Sir John Hall in the Kirk 
along with Sir Robert. Sir John had brought over Peggy 
from Dunglass yesterday. Mina Dawson dined with us 
and sate till the evening. She has been with my mother 
and Nancy almost all the time I have been away ; which 
was very good and kind. Nancy has allowed herself to 
be too much preyed on by anxiety and grief, and is but 
very so-so in health and spirits. 

Friday, November SOth. Went to Home to see sick and 
also along with Alexander Richardson and James Hay to 
receive the confession of Mary Leitch, who desired by 
Alexander Richardson such a deputation to be sent to 
her in order to her making her confession before them, as 
she thought herself in a dying condition, and was alto- 
gether unable to attend the Session in person. She told 
us that Mell wraith in Kelso was the father of her child 
and had maintained it ever since it was born. Found 
Matthew Dysart here when I returned. He dined and sate 
till the evening. Learned for the first time from him 
that there had been a meeting of Commission last week, 
who addrest his Majesty and appointed the settlement of 
Dr. Chalmers.^ Read in the evening some of d'Ulloa's 
Voyage, and wrote a great part of the Berwick article in 
my Journal. 

Saturday, December 1st. — Dined by invitation at Sir 
Robert's, who wanted to speak to me about making up a 
list of poor to be sent to a meeting of Justices at Jedburgh, 



^ John Chalmers of Roderny, son of James Chalmers, minister of Elie, 
second son of John Chalmers of Pitmedden, succeeded his father at Elie 
1738: translated to Kilconquhar 1760: D.D., St. Andrews, 1779. His 
settlement at Kilconquhar was referred to the Commission of Assembly in 
1759 and was the subject of much debate in the Assembly of 1760, but he 
was admitted to his new parish in that year. He was a learned man, but 
with a turn for buffoonery which in its way made him a formidable debater. 
He married, 1773, Helen, daughter of Sir Alexander Anstruther, and died 
1 79 1. He was grand-uncle of Dr. Thomas Chalmers. 

T 



290 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

and was so good as to pay me my money stipend. Did 
something for to-morrow, and wrote in the evening some 
things in my accounts of the repairs of the house, accounts 
for Lord Home and John Hunter, and a report about Mary 
Leitch to be given in to the Session to-morrow. Had the 
comfortable intelHgence by a letter from Philip that Willy 
Waite continues to recover briskly, amuses himself all 
the day, eats his victuals and takes cheerfully some doses 
of the bark that have been prescribed him. 

Munday, December Srd. — Read some of d'Ulloa's Voyage, 
and spent a good deal of time on the last account I got from 
Walker computing the annual amount of some articles. 
James Allan arrived very unexpectedly in the evening in 
his way to Riddell, and brought us the news of Hawke's 
having demolished the Brest Squadron in its way to Que- 
beron Bay. The account of this came to Berwick this 
morning from N. Castle, whither it had come by an express 
to the Mayor from Sir William Blacket. The people of 
Berwick were ringing their bells. 

Tuesday, December 4<th. — James Allan set out a little 
after 12, and I soon after for the Presbytery, where we 
had some little affairs of scandal. Drank tea at Mr. 
Dawson's who has been very unwell, and is still 
confined. 

Wednesday, December 5th. — Weather much the same. 
Read some in Dodsley's Miscellanies, 1st Volume, and in 
the magazines. Attended also the mason putting up the 
coal-house, door checks, and repairing the adjacent part 
of the wall. Rode to Oxmuir and drank tea. Mr. Dick- 
son's wife had been very ill of a sore throat, but is better 
again. 

Thursday, December 6th. — Went to Home a.m. with 
three elders, where we further examined Mary Leitch, but 
discovered nothing material more than she had told us 
before. Dined in W. Stevenson's. In the evening read 
Dodsley,^ whose collection begins with some very good 



1 Robert Dodsley (1703-64), originally a footman in the service of the 
Hon. Mrs. Lascelles : he became a poet, dramatist, and bookseller. 



1759] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 291 

things of Tickell's ^ that I do not remember formerly to 
have seen. 

Munday, December 10th. — Still wind from E. Sun and 
clouds. Froze at night. Read some of Buchannan's 
History and of John Milton's History of England before 
the Conquest, which is the first thing in the Amsterdam 
edition of Milton's prose works which I have had long 
from Matthew Dysart. 

Tuesday, December 11th. — Walked to Home a.m. to see 
a sick woman. Returned to dine. Sir Robert Pringle 
and Miss Pringle called in the evening. Read as yesterday. 

Wednesday, December 12th. — Read some of Buchannan, 
the Scots newspapers, and the two first Books of Plato 
de Rcpublica, in Ficinus's translation, with which I was 
greatly entertained. Read also some of the Greek, which 
I am afraid will take too much time to go regularly through ; 
and my copy is bad and imperfect. 

Thursday, December ISth, — Read more of Milton's History 
of England. The Roman part of it seems to be carefully 
collected, and is wrote with spirit. Read at night in 
Ficinus most part of the 3rd Dialogue de Republica, where 
are some excellent things on the influences of poetry and 
musick on the minds of youth. 

Tuesday, December 18th. — Aly Stevenson ^ came before 
dinner. I had got a letter from her uncle desiring me to 
meet him at Kelso to-day to direct the removing of our 
books to the new Library Room. But it has been so 
cold these two or three days that I wrote him last night 
a letter . . . that I could not think of going about 
such cold work in such severe weather. However, as 
the day proved so soft, and Aly cast up for company 
to my mother, I set out for Kelso after dinner and 
got there about sunset. Found Robert in Dr. Miller's. 
Could not begin our work to-night, and therefore delayed 
it till to-morrow morning. Drank tea in Mr. Dawson's 



1 Thomas Tickell (i 686-1 740), poet: friend of Addison: Under-Secretary 
for Ireland 171 4. 

2 Robert Turnbull's niece : she was the daughter of his sister Marion 
who married George Stevenson, surgeon, Edinburgh. 



292 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1759 

and went to Dr. Gibson's to sup. Dr. Miller was along 
with us. He had engaged us to stay with him, but the 
Doctor's people persuaded us we would lye warmer in 
their house, tho' I believe they scarce made it good ; 
putting us into a disagreeable little place behind the 
dining-room, and a very cold bed. Lying double made it, 
however, more tolerable. 

Wednesday, December 19th. — Employed forenoon and a 
great part of afternoon in putting up the books. I wrote 
also a catalogue of them, as they stand in the shelves, in 
order to make an alphabetical one from it. Dined and 
staid again all night in the Doctor's. We were a good deal 
assisted in ranging and putting up the books by John 
Waldie, Dickson, and Tailfer, the bookbinder, who is to 
have the care of them, when once they are all collected and 
put in order. 

Thursday, December 20th. — Soft and hazy forenoon. 
Rained a little and thawed slowly p.m. and evening. 
After breakfasting in Dr. Gibson's and giving some direc- 
tions about our books, Robert Turnbull and I walked up 
here. Aly, whom he expected to find and to walk home 
with, was gone about an hour before we arrived. The 
elders were counting the box and the account of the Poor's 
Money answered very well what we found in it. Robert 
staid all night. We found also Will here, who had come 
yesterday. He is bravely recruited and looking very well 
on 't, has fallen to work again in visiting his Parish and 
has almost finished it. ^ 

Friday, December 21st. — Robert Turnbull staid till after 
dinner. Wrought in the evening on an alphabetical 
catalogue of our Library books drawn out of that which 
I took at Kelso. 

Munday, December 2Uh. — Was at Home and Hairy 
Heugh a.m. seeing sick. Evening finished a rough draught 
of the alphabetical index for the Library and at night wrote 
letters to country members to send in books, which Waldie 
is to forward from Kelso. 

Saturday, December 29th. Prepared for to-morrow and 
wrought more on the Library catalogue. Finished the 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 293 

alphabetical catalogue and also the contents of one of the 
presses in the order in which the books stand in the several 
shelves. Charles brought Nancy from Berwick, where all 
are pretty well. 

Munday, December 31st. — Mild day. Clouds and sun. 
Breeze westerly. Saw sick at Fallside-Hill and Hairy 
Heugh a.m. Rest of the day and night wrought on the 
Library catalogue and extracting from the Minutes of 
Session the Process about Mary Leitch. 



1760 

Tuesday, January 1st. — Went to the Presbytery, where 
my reference was taken in. We expected the Duke of 
Roxburgh's presentation of T. Macdougall to Makerston, 
but the Duke has had a fever at Lausanne, where he is 
staying some time for education. Ramsay diried with us, 
and at his desire we are to have our next Presbytery on 
the last day of this month, that all the time may be given 
that is possible for the Duke's presentation to arrive. 
If it does not come, he gives a presentation himself, as the 
Duke's Commissioner. Drank tea in Mr. Dawson's. 
Could not get a meeting of the people concerned in the 
Library, in order to deliver the books over to Telfer as new 
keeper. Have therefore delayed it till next meeting of 
Presbytery. 

Wednesday, January 2nd. — Read the 8th Book of Plato's 
Republick, where there is a fine view of the natural corrup- 
tions of the forms of government then known and of the 
characters of particular persons corresponding to them. 
Had the mason rebuilding my leaping-on stone, ^ which 
he was obliged to leave by the weather's growing bad. 

Sunday, January Qth. — Rode to Makerston after 10. 
Lectured on Ps. 122. Preached on 1 Cor. 10. 12. Came 
back in the evening, and Mr. Macdougall staid, who has 



1 The * loupin'-on stane/ as it was generally called in Scotland, was 
a series of stone steps to enable persons, and especially ladies who were 
riding pillion, to mount their horses easily. 



294 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

seen a good deal of the world and to very good purpose, 
being really a very well-bred and a very entertaining man. 

Munday, January 7th. — Set out at the same time with 
Macdougall for Makerston, on my road to Berwick. 
Reached Tillmouth about 2, where I found Philip, ac- 
cording to agreement, and the Squire at home and alone. 
We staid with him all night, and had better and warmer 
quarters than the old house at Twisel used to afford. 

Tuesday, January 8th.— Staid at Tillmouth all day and 
night. Endeavoured to get forward to Berwick, but our 
landlord opposed it so much that we did not insist. The 
Squire has been lately reading for the first time Berkley's 
writings ^ against the existence of matter. These afforded 
us a great field. Had also various anecdotes about some 
of the English literati and philosophers, Mr. Blake's 
acquaintances at first or second hand. In general, were 
very agreeably entertained. 

Wednesday, January 9th. — Lay long abed and did not 
leave Tillmouth till near 12. Dinner was just about 
finishing at Mr. Waite's before we reached Berwick. 
Spent the remainder of day and night there. Had some 
•company at tea p.m. Both my sister and Mr. Waite have 
recovered themselves tolerably from their sore distress 
and the boy seems to be as hale and vigorous as ever. 
His being so long from school has given him a turn to play 
and aversion to his book, which willwiot be easily overcome. 

Thursday, January 10th. — Campbell came in in the 
forenoon and staid to dine with us, which lost some time 
that should have been employed in seeing my friends. 
Drank tea with Aunt Balderstone, who enjoys great good 
health, and called at S. Stanton's. Spent the rest of the 
night in Mr. Waite's. 

Friday, January 11th. — Breakfasted in Campbell's, 
where Peggy Bell is and has been staying for some time. 
Called at the Doctor's. Dined with the Collector and 
drank tea with Mrs. Nicholson. Philip left me there to 



* George Berkeley (1685-1753), the well-known philosopher : Bishop of 
Cloyne 1734. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 295 

go to Goldie's, who has just got intelligence of his being 
to get a presentation to Pennycook, and gave me an 
opportunity of enquiring about an affair which gives that 
worthy woman great uneasiness and of which she informed 
me when I was last in Berwick. This is a correspondence 
betwixt the Collector and Mrs. Keith, which she is very 
apprehensive will terminate in a marriage. This strange 
woman having come to lodgings over against the Collector's 
has by practising all the arts of the most shameless coquetry 
inveigled him so far, that he very frequently visits her, 
and shows by too evident marks the ascendant she has 
gained over him. All his family soon took notice of this. 
Mrs. Nicholson spoke of it to him in the warmest manner, 
and insisted on his promise, which he gave, that he would 
not marry her. His visits, however, being still continued, 
his son, before he left the country, with the privity of his 
aunt, tho' in a manner she did not wholly approve, wrote 
him a letter on the subject, which, instead of mending 
matters, greatly provoked his father both against himself 
and his aunt, to whose advice he ascribed it. This pro- 
ceeded so far that the Collector had not been in his sister's 
house, nor she with him for several weeks, before the time 
she first informed me of all this. She would at that time 
have fain prevailed with me to speak to the Collector about 
Mrs. Keith, but as she could not consent that I should 
speak of the information she had given me, and as all 
that I knew besides was only vague report, I could not 
see how I could introduce the affair, or what moment 
anything I could say against the woman could be ; especi- 
ally as he had already heard from Mrs. Nicholson and 
others all that I knew or at least was at liberty to say to 
her disadvantage. Upon enquiring how this affair now 
stands, she informed me that his visits are still as frequent 
as ever, tho' carried on with the greatest caution and 
secrecy, which, however, cannot elude the means she uses 
to be informed about a thing so interesting to her. She 
is ever full of apprehensions of an intended match from 
some talk that has been reported to her of Mrs. Keith's 
servant, who is at the same time her confidante 



296 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

and a very worthless creature. This match would be 
universally condemned as a very foolish one, and even in 
some degree disgraceful, as the creature, especially since 
her going to Berwick, has shown her passion for the males 
most weakly and even scandalously. The thing distresses 
Mrs. Nicholson extremely, and she is thinking of making 
another effort to prevent it, tho' with the hazard of losing 
her brother's friendship, a great degree of which she has 
always hitherto enjoyed. Billy and his sister Sally, a 
"very sweet girl, are also in the utmost distress about it. 
Such is the influence of salacious coquetry, tho' supported 
by a very inconsiderable share of what is most agreeable 
in the sex ; and such is the obstinate folly of the passion 
it inspires, which I have felt enough of myself, to engage 
me to pity, but at the same time to prevent my wondering 
at my friends in the like circumstances. Mr. Waite with 
Philip and myself supped in the Doctor's, where we 
were very easy and happy. 

Saturday, January 12th. — Left Berwick before 11, and 
got to Coldstream betwixt 1 and 2, when I dined in Mr. 
Wilson's. Called at John Ker's, where all are pretty well. 
Got home between 5 and 6. Dozed and thought of some- 
thing for to-morrow. 

Wednesday, January 16^/i.— Examined again in the 
Kirk. Was at Sir Robert's in the evening with Nancy and 
Will, who came here last night. Finished nearly at night 
what I had to do with the Library catalogue. 

Thursday, January 17th, — Walked to Kelso, where I 
had agreed to meet Robert Turnbull, to finish what we 
had to do about the books. Dined with him in Mr. Lundy's 
where was also Mr. Pollock. Robert Bell from Gordon 
came there, having been here to see me, and afterwards 
at Mr. Pollock's, but mist us both. Got not much done 
to the books, as it was necessary to employ a wright to 
alter the heights of the shelves, which cost some time. 
Drank tea in Mr. Dobby's and staid all night with Robert 
in Mr. Lundy's. 

Friday, January ISth. — Fell to work with the books 
before dinner, and returned to them again after it. Got 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 297 

through them at last. Gave Telfer the Magazines and 
Reviews and some loose pamphlets to bind. Dined at 
Mr. Dawson's. Walked home in the evening and read a 
good deal in October and November Reviews, which I 
brought with me from the Library. 

Munday, January 21st. — Read to the end of Plato's 
Republick, which both in matter and manner is a very 
extraordinary work, and greatly entertaining, especially 
to one to whom it is new. What is unintelligible and 
perhaps jargon in it is the mixture of Pythagorean specu- 
lations, of which there is a good deal towards the end of 
the 10th Book. The first part of that Book contains the 
chief strength of all that has been or probably can be 
said against Epick or Dramatick Poesy, considered as 
affecting the constitution or manners of a state. 

Tuesday, January 22nd. — Examined a few in the Kirk 
and read variously — among other things, the Platonick 
doctrine in Virgil's 6th Book with Ruous's ^ Comment. 

Wednesday, January 23rd. — Examined a few in the Kirk. 
Read over again Plato's vision of Erus the Armenian, ^ both 
in the Greek and Latin, also his Minos and a bit of the 
first Book de Legibics. The poor man Thompson from 
whom I got my saddle bags more than two years ago came 
here on his foot from Berwick to get their price, which I 
paid him, tho' I am afraid rashly, as his affairs have been 
wrong and everything that he had seized by his creditors. 

Thursday, January 24<th. — Examined at Fallside Hill. 
Drank tea at William Stevenson's. Found Coventry here 
when I came home, who had come to talk to me about 
distributing amongst the poor £5 that one Dickson, a 
native of this Parish, and now a merchant in London, 
where he is grown very rich, sent down to Smith of Jed- 
burgh who is a relation of his. Smith wrote me about it, 
desiring me to distribute it, in conjunction with Coventry. 
Slept on Plato. 



1 Ruoeus was editor of a Delphin edition of Virgil (Paris, 1722). 

2 See The Republic, Lib. x. cap. 13. Erus, son of Armenius, was slain 
in battle but, when laid on his funeral pyre twelve days after, revived 
and told his vision of the judgment and the future state. 



298 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

Friday, January 25th. — Coventry here with the Baihe 
and two of our Elders fixing the distribution of Dickson's 
money. Afterwards spent some time on an inscription 
for a monument to Mr. Crow. Wrote it some years ago, 
but as James Allan has some thoughts of getting it soon 
put up, he sent it to me to revise. Made a few alterations 
in it of no great moment. Afterwards wrought on the 
Library catalogue and revised the sederunt book which 
John Waldie sent me up to-day. 

Saturday, January 26th. — Wrought some more on 
Library books and read a good deal of the 2nd Volume of 
Dodsley's Collection. Tho' it is in general very free of 
dirt, yet he has put a very dirty vicious thing of Nugent's ^ 
into this volume. Saw some sick in the town. 

Munday, January 28th. — Had a letter from Mr. Pollock 
in the morning, desiring my help to answer a letter from 
G. Wallace about the manse and glebe affair. Went down 
before dinner and measured over again the distance 
betwixt the glebe and new Kirk and the place which was 
long ago pointed out to the Presbytery for the situation 
of the new manse. Found the former measuring exact 
enough, so that it is surprising how in a measure and plan 
taken by W. Cockburn there should be so considerable 
a difference from our measure as G. Wallace writes there 
is. Wrote a pretty long letter to G. Wallace about the 
affair, which I hope may help to forward it to an end. 
Lundy cast up at tea-time ; and partly by him, partly by 
the Naiad, tho' not such a striking object by far as she 
was a twelvemonth ago, I was detained all night. 

Tuesday, Januar-y 29th. — Came home about midday, 
and a little after Sandy Duncan came and dined and 
drank tea. Dozed in the evening and at night made a 
draught of instructions for our new Library keeper. 

Wednesday, January SOth. — Clear frost and hard. Breeze 
northerly. Walked to Park-End a.m. to see a sick child. 
Philip came after dinner by the way of Whitsum, from 
Chyrnside Presbytery. Chatted with him and wrote 

* Probably Richard Nugent, son of Nicholas Nugent, Chief Justice of 
the Common Bench in Ireland : wrote sonnets and madrigals (1604). 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 290 

over from materials I had been collecting, the present 
state of our Library, and instructions to our new Librarian ; 
which employed me till late at night. 

Thursday, February 1st. — Philip and I walked to Kelso 
to the Presbytery which was appointed to be held on this 
day, in order to receive T. Macdougall's presentation before 
the expiration of six months' vacancy which happens to- 
morrow. The presentation was subscribed by Ramsay 
as Commissioner, that presentation which was sent to be 
subscribed by the Duke not having arrived. We had our 
Library meeting at night, at which we agreed with Telfer 
as our Librarian, and appointed the books to be committed 
to his care. Drank tea in Peter Robertson's, where I was 
paying my candle account. Lay in Lundie's, where 
Philip and M. Dysart also stayed. 

Friday, February 2nd. — Was in Kelso with PhiUp till 
the evening. Dined in Mr. Lundy's and drank tea in Mr. 
Dawson's. Was three or four hours in the Library, 
compleating the catalogues and making other necessary 
arrangements. 

Saturday, February 3rd. — Philip set out before dinner, 
proposing to go home by Eccles. Prepared for to-morrow 
and read Belloni/ the Roman Banker's Treatise on Com- 
merce, and the late Prince of Orange's proposals for 
restoring the trade of the Netherlands, both of which 
contain things that deserve notice. They are in a volume 
which I brought yesterday from the Library. Saw some 
sick in the town. 

Munday, February Mh. — Saw sick at Fallside Hill and 
Home, and examined at William Dickson's. After I 
came home, finished what I had to do about the Library 
catalogue, etc., wrote to Will at Edrom, to go with a table 
and chairs to him to-morrow, and read a good deal of 
Tucker's essay on the Trade of France and England. ^ 



^ A translation from the Italian of the Marquis Jerome Belloni's 
Dissertation on Commerce was published at London 1752. 

2 Josiah Tucker (1712-99), economist and divine: Dean of Gloucester 
1758. His Briej Essay on the Advantages which attend France and Great 
Britain with regard to Trade was published in 1750. 



300 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

Tuesday, February 5th. — Evening read to an end Tucker 
on Trade, which is a sensible work and shows a good 
knowledge of the subject ; but wrote without elegance 
or any marks of superior genius. 

Wednesday, February Qth. — Saw sick in the town. The 
smallpox have been frequent for some time past, but in 
general very favourable. Read a good deal in the 3rd 
Volume of Dodsley's Collection, 'Pscyhe, or the Grand 
Metamorphosis, an allegorical account of the Fall of Man,' 
is, I think, the best imitation of Spenser, and indeed one 
of the best poems of the kind that I have met with. 

Friday, February 8th. — Grew very windy from W. to S. 
at night, and at last blew a sort of hurricane about midnight 
and in the morning hours. Blew down to me a stack of 
hay and corn, hurt the thatch of the Office houses greatly, 
and brought several slates off the house. Had a very 
interrupted rest with it. Read two more Books of Plato 
de Legibus. Got in the evening another letter from 
Robertson of Ladykirk ^ relating to the money I owe the 
Poor's Box, wrote just in such a strain as I could have 
wisht. He has spoke to the Session about that affair, and 
they are to accept of £8 in full of all demands. He wants 
to know what sort of discharge I would desire, and even 
desires me to send the form of one that would please me. 
By which means, I hope, I shall be freed from the wildness 
and chicanery of Tod, which I have experienced enough of 
in the former parts of this transaction, to make me dread 
the effects of the same in concluding it. 

Tuesday, February 12//i.— Examined again in the W. 
end of Home. Dined in Mr. Stevenson's. Mr. Dysart 
came there in the afternoon. Asked him, as we were 
riding homewards, about the Salton business. ^ Still 

^ Mr. Robertson of Ladykirk, the principal heritor in the parish, had 
evidently taken the matter of Ridpath's debt to the Session into his own 
hands, and conducted the business with more tact and discretion than the 
minister. 

2 There was a vacancy at this time in the parish of Saltoun owing to the 
death of old Mr. Lundie, the father of the minister of Kelso, who had died, 
Father of the Church, 4th November 1759. The vacancy was not filled up 
till November 1760, when Patrick Bannerman was admitted. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 301 

uncertain. Revised and read Dodsley's 3rd Volume in 
the evening. At night read Plautus's Comedy of Aulularia, 
where there is Httle of difficulty and very much drollery. 

Thursday, February IMh. — Rode to Mackerston where 
were four more of the Presbytery. Lundy preached and 
we moderated T. Macdougall's call, which was unanimous. 
Dined in the Colonel's,^ He himself was not at home. 
W, Ker subscribed for him. After I came home read the 
News, where there is nothing memorable. Look'd over 
some parts of three volumes of Tyrrel's History of England, 
which I borrowed last night from Sir Robert. Slept on 
Plautus's Curculio. 

Friday, February 15th. — Read some in the fifth volume 
of Dodsley's Miscellanies, and in the afternoon and 
evening about 100 pages of the first and second volumes of 
Parliamentary History.^ What may be the value of this 
work as a compilation I know not, but for the original 
part of it, at least of this parcel, it is, in the matter, poor 
and jejune, and, in the language, groveling, mean and 
inaccurate. Strange that England should be doomed to 
such historians ! Peggy Pringle .came down to tea p.m. 
Sir Robert set out for Edinburgh on Munday to see Frank, 
who is apprehended for some time past to have been in 
a very bad way. 

[No entries for a week, during which Ridpath had evi- 
dently been confined by illness. \ 

Saturday, February 23rd. — Had pretty good rest last 
night. Complaints almost wholly gone, for which I have 
great cause of thankfulness to the Parent of Good. Read 
lazily some things in Dalrymple's History of Feudal Pro- 
perty. As I have been confined so long and the weather 
is so rough I thought it would be wiser to let alone preach- 
ing to-morrow and advertised my people accordingly. 



1 Colonel George Hay Macdougall (afterwards Sir George), brother of 
Sir Thomas Hay of Alderston, Bart., whom he succeeded in 1769. He had 
married Barbara, daughter and heiress of Henry Macdougall of Mackerston. 
He was Colonel of the Scots Greys. 

2 Probably the Parliamentary or Constitutional History of England . . . 
London. 8 vols. 1752. 



302 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

Sunday, February 2Uh. — Read over again the beautiful 
Morale in the beginning of Plato's 5th Book de Legibus, 
also some of it in Greek. Got a letter in the evening from 
Philip with some magazines. Philip writes me that 
Mrs. Laurie died on Tuesday ; once a lovely girl and 
afterwards a most excellent wife and mother, equally 
eminent for good management and good temper. Once 
she was a very particular favourite of mine, as was also 
her sister, Mrs. Hall ; both removed hence, a little after 
the noon of life, to shine, I hopie, with new lustre, in a 
better world. James Allan brought out the money for 
Philip's West Indian bill, with which and the Widows' 
Fund £30, and some of his stipend, he has paid off all the 
money for which he paid interest ; a great relief, and once 
very unexpected. When shall I arrive at such a point of 
ease ? Philip also writes me that two expresses have 
passed from Scotland southwards within these two or 
three days, by the latter of which that past yesterday 
morning Dr. Balderstone, at Edinburgh on occasion of 
his sister's death, writes that they had accounts there that 
three French ships of considerable force had made a landing 
on the Island of Ila last Saturday and had killed cattle 
and committed other ravages. It was also said that a 
fourth had been seen off the Island. One would think 
that this stormy weather would make them spend their 
time ill on these coasts, tho' I am afraid there is little else 
but the weather to defend them. They had a great storm 
of wind in the southern counties and Channel on Friday 
the 15th, just a week later than our great blast here. But 
it seems to have done more mischief both by land and sea. 
One of Boscawen's ships is driven in to Plymouth disabled, 
and there are apprehensions about himself. 

Munday, February 25th. — Mr. Pollock came up to see me. 
He dined and drank tea. Dr. Miller called in the evening. 
Read all the November and part of the Appendix and 
January London Magazines. 

Tuesday, February 26th. — Froze at night. Read some of 
the Scots (December) Magazine, where is a remarkable 
letter from Voltaire, which, if genuine, shows he is recon- 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 303 

ciled to the King of Prussia, whom he calls Pyrrhus, and 
himself Cyneas the Swiss. Fanny Dysart came up about 12 
from Eccles, with a card from her Pappa, desiring me to 
come down there to dine and stay all night. Mr. Chatto 
and his wife had come there yesterday with Bess, who 
had been at Morbattle 2 or 3 weeks. Hesitated a little 
about going, as the day was rough. However, thought I 
would be the better of the ride and amusement, after being 
confined. Accordingly, went and staid all night ; found 
myself a good deal refreshed. 

Wednesday, February 27th. — Staid at Eccles until the 
evening. Found Will here when I came home. He had 
the Saturday Edinburgh Chronicle, in which it is said that 
an express had come to Edinburgh that day, informing 
that 1500 French had landed at Carrickfergus in Ireland, 
out of these ships that had been at Ha two or three days 
before. 

Saturday, March 1st. — Read the Life of Alfred in Tyrrel,^ 
who seems to be a very faithful industrious compiler. 
Wrought also some in the garden and planted my ranun- 
culuses and anemones. 

Munday, March Srd. — Attended a man repairing the 
roofs of my Office-houses and read in Tyrrel a great part 
of the Life of Richard Coeur de Lion, which is a strange 
series of fighting. Sir Robert sent down, along with two 
Edinburgh newspapers, a MS. paper of his brother, the 
doctor, on the meteor of November 26, 1758, which he 
had given in to the Royal Society. The height of it from 
calculations drawn from the accounts he had collected, and 
the result of which is only here given, was about 100 miles, 
and its velocity immense, about 20 miles in a second. - His 
speculations about these phenomena are ingenious, but 
rather overthrow former hypotheses than establish any- 
thing certain in their place. 

Tuesday, March 4>th. — Went to the Presbytery with 



^ James Tyrrell (i 642-1 71 8) : only three volumes (folio) of his pro- 
jected General History of England were ever pubhshed, bringing the history 
down to the death of Richard 11. It is ' a cumbrous and ill-digested ' 
work. 



804 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

Nancy en croupe. T. Macdougall delivered his lecture and 
popular sermon. Drank tea in Doctor Thomson's. 

Wednesday, March 5th. — Examined in the E. end of 
Home, in which and seeing sick I was employed till sunset. 
Found J. Hume here, who had been at Eccles. John staid 
all night and was in very good spirits. 

Friday, March 7th. — Saw sick a.m. and attended my 
cart carrying away the earth that was thrown out from 
the low room before it was new floored, and has lain before 
the house these several months. Laid it on a rocky spot 
in the glebe and carried off stones from the grass there. 
Robert Turnbull came before dinner, his niece in her way 
home from Humby in the evening,^ and a little after 
Cupples, who had been seeing Laurie at Hawick. 

Saturday, March 8th. — Prepared for to-morrow. Walked 
a.m. to G. Linning's to see his servant. Much of the rest 
of the day attended Charles and Leithead carrying away 
the rubbish from W. end of the house, with which I filled 
up some hollows before my door. 

Tuesday, March 11th. — Rather milder than yesterday. 
Examined in the E. end of Home both forenoon and 
afternoon. Wanted to be done, and by reason of the 
publick fast could not be two days there this week. 
Somewhat jaded, yet not so much as I imagined I would 
be, the air and labour of last week having given me great 
vigour. Found the two first volumes of Clarendon's Life 
here, from the Library, when I came home, and read a 
good deal of the beginning of the first of them. 

Wednesday, March 12th. — Somewhat blowing from W. 
Sun and clouds. Prepared for to-morrow. Read 
Clarendon's first volume almost to an end and sowed peas 
in the garden, half a pound of Ch'* Hotspurs and near as 
many of some other early kind. 

Thursday, March ISth. — A shower in the forenoon, and 
afterwards very windy from W. Preached twice on Ps. 



* Having presumably been on a visit to her sister Elizabeth who had 
just been marrie l.lo Robert Dundas, minister of Humbie. Their eldest 
son became Sir Robert Dundas of Beechwood, Baronet, one of the 
Principal Clerks of Session. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 305 

62. 8. Minna Dawson here till the evening. She has been 
some days at Sir Robert's, having come when Miss Peggy 
went to Edinburgh to see Frank. He and his sister came 
to Sir Robert's last night in a coach. He is by Minna's 
account in a very weak condition.^ 

Friday, March IMh. — Went to Home a.m. to see sick. 
Afternoon went to Sir Robert's to see Frank, who seems 
indeed to be reduced to a very weak and almost desperate 
condition. He has lost almost all appetite and power of 
digestion, has returns from time to time of a diarrhoea, is 
besides greatly hectic and subject to frequent sweatings ; 
very much in the situation of poor Miss Pringle some time 
before she died, and in his looks very much resembling her* 
Dr. Gibson came in the darkening and I staid till supper. 
A Torwoodlee sister also there, who cajne out in the coach 
with Frank and Peggy. Got a letter from Tod of Lady- 
kirk which discomposed me a little. Robertsone, he 
says, has sent him my father's bill and left the finishing of 
the affair to the Session, who, he writes me, insist on having 
10 years' interest of each bill. No doubt this proceeds 
from Robertsone being so favourable and a suspicion that 
his neighbour, J. Herriot, has a hand in the pye. It is 
an uneasy thing to have to deal with such wrongheads. 

Saturday, March 15th. — Prepared for to-morrow and 
read much of Clarendon's second volume where there is 
a good deal of entertainment. J. Miller here a call in 
the evening. He seems to have no hopes of Frank Pringle. 

Munday, March 17th. — Read second volume of Claren- 
don's Life to an end. Had a message from Mrs. Dawson 
desiring me to come down in the afternoon to see Mr. 
Dawson, whom she thought very weak and ill, but Mr. 
Dawson did not appear to me to be so ill as to make that 
needful. 

Tuesday, March 18th. — Went to Home to see sick, who 
are pretty numerous there. Found Home of Bowden 
here, when I came home, who dined and drank tea. He 



^ Francis Pringle, the third son of Sir Robert, was born 1729 : appren- 
ticed to his uncle, James Pringle of Rowland, W.S. : passed W.S. 1753 : 
died nth April 1760. 

U 



306 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

pretended he called to inform me of R. Riddel of Lilsley's 
death,^ which he thinks makes a good place for J. Allan, 
and insisted on my writing to him immediately. But as 
the man died last Wednesday, and was a good while ill 
before, James must have heard before now ; and I do not 
think there is a sufficient temptation to make him change. 
Read a good deal of the January Review, which came from 
Kelso, and some of the third volume of Clarendon's Life. 

Wednesday, March Idth. — Had a message from Mrs. 
Pollock, desiring me to come down and see Bett, who has 
had an aguishness and sore throat. Went accordingly in 
the afternoon and drank tea. Rest of the day read 
Clarendon, whose account of the first Dutch War is very 
good and full. He has also a very interesting account of 
the Fire of London. Wrote at night the scroll of a letter 
to Tod. Our accounts from Frank Pringle to-day and 
yesterday are that he is easier. Lady Hall has come 
over to-day to see him. First time she has been at Stitchill 
since her marriage. 

Thursday, March 20th, — Read Clarendon, and was in the 
afternoon at Sir Robert's. Sir John Hall came while I 
was there. His lady looks something like pregnancy. 
I do not think Frank looks worse than he did, tho' all 
about him think he is growing weaker. At night tran- 
scribed my letter to Tod and v^rote also to Philip. 

Friday, March 21st. — Sowed oats and pease. Read 
Clarendon's third volume to an end. Have had ^reat 
entertainment and not a little instruction from him. He 
may certainly be reckoned amongst the few very honest 
courtiers, one symptom of which is his writing his own 
life. And it is more amazing he should have kept his 
place so long in the Court of Charles than that he should 
have lost it at last ; tho' no man ever suffered a more 
groundless persecution. As a writer he has some eminent 
qualities ; extensive political views and a great fund of 



^ Robert Riddell, minister of Lilliesleaf 173 7- 1760: youngest son of 
Sir Walter Riddell of that ilk : married, 1755, Esther, daughter of John 
Riddell, M.D., Granton, son of Archibald Riddell, minister of Trinity 
Parish, Edinburgh. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 307 

good sense ; a very natural expression of much integrity ; 
honour and humanity ; a stile copious and flowing, yet 
not without strength ; and tho' his periods are often 
immoderately long, yet they are for the most part followed 
by the reader without any troublesome effort, and very 
seldom have any obscurity in them. There are a consider- 
able number of curious anecdotes in this Work, and some 
parts of the History of the beginning of Charles's reign 
better illustrated than they are to be found elsewhere. 
Some interesting scenes too very fully and very naturally 
described, such as the History of the Duke of York's 
marriage to the Chancellor's daughter ^ and the quarrel 
betwixt the King and Queen about admitting the Dutchess 
of Cleveland to be a Maid of Honour. ^ Rode to Kelso 
p.m., being informed by a note from Minna Dawson to 
Nancy of her father's being very ill. Was a while in Dr. 
Gibson's, whence I brought J. Home's new Tragedy of the 
Siege of Aquileia. Read it at night, and cannot help 
pronouncing it, tho' with regret, a very poor performance 
in every respect, and indeed almost below criticism. 

Saturday, March 22nd. — Prepared for to-morrow, and read 
more of the January Magazine; also some pieces of Burnet's 
History. Sent Nancy in the afternoon to Kelso, where 
Mr. Dawson is still very ill. She was detained all night. 

Sunday, March 23rd. — Sent in the afternoon to enquire 
about Mr. Dawson, and learned by the return of Charles 
that he died about 6 o'clock this evening. It was not 
probable that at such a period of life and in such weakness 
as has been growing upon him since the unfortunate fall 
he got near two years ago,^ that he could stand so severe a 
shock as this last. A man whom I have great reason, 
from his correspondence with this family for 17 years past, 
to pronounce very honest and very friendly. In that time. 



^ Anne Hyde, daughter of Edward, Earl of Clarendon, married James, 
Duke of York in 1660 : died 1671. 

2 Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine, mistress of Charles 11. : 
forced on Queen Catherine as Lady of the Bedchamber 1662 : created 
Duchess of Cleveland 1670. 

* See p 180. 



308 DIARY OF GEORGE RffiPATH [1760 

too, he has undergone domestick sufferings, some of them 
of the very sorest kind, in bearing which he has shown very 
uncommon magnanimity. For several years past, but 
especially since his last illness, his business has greatly 
declined and several of his employers deserted him, whom 
he had reason to consider as his best friends ^ . . . having 
I hope still remaining what may afford them a tolerable 
subsistence. The natural vigour of the man was extra- 
ordinary ; and most men 20 years younger had a greater 
look of old age and less strength and activity than he had 
two years ago. Even that severe shock he recovered 
amazingly ; and his end seems still to have been con- 
siderably hastened by his taking a doze of calomel, 
which, continuing too long in his body, had opened 
again the vessel by which before so great a discharge 
was made. 

Munday, March 24^/i. — Revised some of Clarendon and 
saw some sick in the town a.m. In the afternoon rode to 
Kelso to see Mrs. Dawson and Minna. They are abundantly 
distrest, especially Minna ; Nancy still stays. 

Wednesday, March 26th. — Read in the forenoon chiefly 
neswpapers. P.m. went to Mr. Dawson's burial. His 
son came about 10 ; which was comfortable to Mrs. Dawson 
and Minna. Staid till the newspapers came, and brought 
home Nancy with me. Found Philip here by the way of 
Fogo and Eccles, from the Presbytery. 

Thursday, March 27th. — Forenoon chatted with Philip. 
P.m. went up with him to Sir Robert's, where Frank con- 
tinues still in a poor declining state. He does not come 
downstairs, and scarce anybody sees him but the family 
and his physicians. Sir John and Lady Hall still there, 
but go away to-morrow. Dr. Miller and Jimmy Dawson 
there. They made a call here in passing and repassing. 

Friday, March 28th. — Rode to Kelso with Nancy en 
croupe. Philip along with us and he and I dined in Dr. 
Miller's, where were also G. Gordon ^ and Robert Turnbull. 
Drank tea also there ; to which came the Misses Ridpath 



* Several lines deleted. 2 ggg p ^y^, n. 2. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 309 

of Angelraw, etc., abundantly hearty. Staid at Mrs. 
Dawson's till after supper, and came home betwixt 11 and 
12. Frosty night. 

Saturday, March 29th. — Philip left us a little after 11, 
being to dine at Cupples's. I went to Home and dis- 
tributed along with William Stevenson the money to the 
poor. P.m. arrived Betty Pollock and very soon after 
T. Dobby ; then a call from the Misses Gibson in their way 
from Newton to Stitchill, and another in the evening from 
Jimmy Dawson,^ who had been at these two places. 
Evening wrote some things into accounts and prepared for 
to-morrow. 

Tuesday, Aprile 1st. — At the Presbytery, where we took 
the remainder of Macdougall's tryals and appointed his 
ordination on Thursday fortnight. Sandy Duncan was 
there. Chose also our members to the Assembly. James 
Turnbull, Lundy, and G. Wallace. Drank tea in Dobby's 
and sate a good while in the evening in Mrs. Dawson's. 
Jimmy does not leave them till Friday. 

Wednesday, Aprile 2nd. — Wind W. to N. Mostly sunny. 
Betty Pollock came before dinner and staid all night and 
till Saturday. Amused with her. Sprot from Newton 
at tea p.m. and also John Ker of Coldstream called in 
passing and repassing from Mellerstain, where he had been 
solliciting Charles Sinclair about the continuance of his 
office of Clerk in Coldstream, which he had been alarmed 
with the fear of losing. Sinclair told him to lay aside 
these fears, for he should be continued in it. 

Thursday, Aprile 3rd. — Blowing from W. to N. Mostly 
sunny and cold. Rode to Edrom to dine and met with 
Philip there, according to agreement last week. In the 
afternoon look'd to the ground intended for Will's new house 
and glebe, and learned that Mains, ^ tho' angry at a factious 
opposition in the last Presbytery at Chyrnside, had ordered 
Adam Ridpath to leave a piece of ground unsown for the 
house to stand upon. The exchange, tho' there is a 



^ Mr. Dawson's son, who had come for his father's funeral. 
2^Cf. p. 164, n. i;. 



310 DIARY OF GEORGE RmPATH [1760 

good deal to be said for its rather having been made in a 
different manner, is yet evidently much for Will's advan- 
tage, and if rejected, loses him what probably may not be 
easily recovered. Rode down from Edrom to Fishwick 
all three. Very cold night. 

Friday, Aprile Mh. — Had a walk in the forenoon through 
part of Logan's Farm, which I believe is the best without 
comparison in all this country, and indeed most nobly 
situated for every kind of improvement. Then rode with 
Philip to Blakader, where I have not been before these 
four years. Received, however, with great civility, and 
without the least mention of what is past. Hilton and his 
lady there, also Collector John Home.^ Had a good deal 
of mirth. Came thence to Whitsum about 6, and James 
Allan, by appointment with Philip, came there some time 
after. Talked over the whole Edrom affair, in which J. 
Waugh discovered more heat than enough, arising from 
very idle suspicions and surmises, and from catching some 
of the factious spirit of his neighbour Cupples, who is still 
inclined to cross most things in which he sees James Allan 
keenly engaged. 

Saturday, Aprile 5th. — Staid at Whitsome till after dinner. 
Murray of Abbay ^ called in the forenoon there in his way 
to Northumberland. Got home about 8, and did something 
for to-morrow. Found a letter from Stewart the Collector 
calling for payment of Widows' Fund money, and another 
from Tod full of confusion and giving himself the lie in an 
important article of what he had wrote in his last, but still 
insisting for payment of the sum mentioned in it. 

Sunday, Aprile Qth. — Began to intermit betwixt sermons.^ 

Munday, Aprile 7th. — At Home a.m. seeing sick. Dr. 
Miller here a while p.m. being attending a woman in the 

^ John Home, the Collector of Taxes in the Merse, was a son of George 
Home of Karnes, Berwickshire, and a brother of Henry Home, better 
known as Lord Karnes. 

2 Adam Murray, who had previously been minister of the Low Meeting, 
Berwick : minister of Abbey St. Bathans 1759-74 : translated to Eccles 

1774- 

^ Presumably had an interval between his lecture and sermon, thus 
making a forenoon and afternoon ' diet.' But see p. 273, n. 2. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 311 

town in child-bed. Finished in the evening a letter to 
Philip, and wrote also to Will, to go by Charles to-morrow. 
Offered John Leitch in the evening the payment for Will's 
horse, the money for which I got at Edrom on Saturday, 
but he offered to lend me as much more as to make up £7. 
Accepted of it, tho' with reluctance as I could not get 
through the summer without some such supply. At night 
wrote a scroll of an- application to the Assembly for our 
expenses in the affair of Ednam Manse, about which there 
is a Committee at Mas Thomas's to-morrow. 

Tuesday, Aprile 8th. — Walked to Ednam, where was only 
Mr. Turnbull, Lundy not having yet returned from Lothian. 
Soon finished our affair. Staid till the evening. Charles 
was come home before me and brought letters from Will 
and from Philip, whom he found at Whitsum. Slept on 
Butler's Remains.'^ 

Wednesday, Aprile 9th. — Wrought some in the garden, 
which is very dry. Drank tea at Sir Robert's, where Mr. 
Pringle is become extremely weak. James Pringle there 
and Dr. Hope arrived while I was there. Wrote to Will 
to go by Nancy to-morrow. 

Thursday, Aprile 10th. — Planted the second beans, which 
the dryness of the ground made difficult. Prepared also 
some ground for peas. Read some of Butler's Remains. 
The poems there are not so interesting nor in general so 
finished as that of Hudibras ; but yet they are everywhere 
filled with excellent strokes of both wit and sense. Nancy 
rode to Edrom, but Will had set out thence before she 
arrived, and came here in the afternoon between 5 and 6 
by the way of Fogo, as she did two hours after. 

Friday, Aprile 11th. — Read some of Butler. He is no 
less severe on the debauchery of Charles ii.'s reign than on 
the hypocrisy and enthusiasm of the age that preceded it. 
Wrought some in the garden and went to Sir Robert's 
p.m. Poor Frank died about 8 this morning, a very great 
loss and affliction to his worthy relations. Slept on begin- 
ning of 3rd Book of Cicero's Offices. 



^ Samuel Butler, author of Hudibras. 



312 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

Saturday, Aprile 12th. — Sowed second pease of a large 
blewish kind. Read some of Butler's Characters, in all 
of which there is much wit and in many of them much 
sense also. Did something for to-morrow. Had a letter 
from PhiHp in which he informs me that the Presbytery 
had agreed to the exchange of Will's glebe and that they 
had sore work with Wilkie (they were on a visitation at 
Fowlden last Thursday), who has appealed to the Synod. 

Tuesday, Aprile 1 5th. — Shaved before dinner and wrought 
some in the garden. Willy Home from Fogo came as we 
were dining. Went with him to the funeral, where were 
only the neighbouring gentlemen and the relations of the 
family, together with the people of the Baronry. William 
Stevenson and his son. Dr. Miller and Willy Home came 
in after and drank tea. 

Wednesday, Aprile 16th. — Set a few beans in the garden, 
and read Butler's Characters to an end, which are a most 
wonderful collection of wit and sense, interspersed as usual 
with a number oijeux d' esprit, the overflowings, as it were, 
of a greater stock of wit than almost ever fell to any man 
else's share. 

Thursday, Aprile 17th. — Rode toMakerston to the ordina- 
tion of Mr. Macdougall, where the Presbytery were very 
handsomely and discreetly entertained in the Colonel's. 
Staid till after tea, and rode home so far as our roads 
agreed, with Mr. Pollock and his daughter Bett, who came 
with her Papa to see the ordination. Robert Turnbull 
attended them the rest of their journey. Lundy came home 
in the end of that week and is away again this, to Lothian. 
Duncan Paton and Deans ^ there ; laymen, Ramsay, W. 
Ker and Scot, the Colonel's son-in-law. Slept on Butler. 

Saturday, Aprile 19th. — Prepared for to-morrow and read 
what I had not read before of Butler's first volume. The 
burlesque on R. Boyle and the letters of Prynne and Aud- 
land the Quaker are equal to anything in Swift. Wrought 
some in the garden. 



' Robert Deans, son of Alexander Deans, minister of Birse : ordained 
minister of Crailing 1756 : died 1788. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 313 

Munday, Aprile 21st. — ^Read some in Reviews and Maga- 
zines that Philip had brought with him. Afternoon drank 
tea at Sir Robert's, where all are pretty well. John Waugh 
and his wife came in the evening, also James Allan. 

Tuesday, Aprile 22nd. — John Waugh and his wife and 
James Allan staid and dined ; which kept me from 1st 
dyet of Synod. Waugh, James and I rode down after 
dinner. Wilkie of Fowlden had appealed from a Presby^ 
terial visitation of Kirk and Manse to the Synod, and had 
produced at the visitation a letter from Buchannan, promis- 
ing to be content with such repairs of the manse as he 
(Wilkie) should think fit to give him. This has made 
abundance of noise in the country. Wilkie, however, 
being himself at Greenlaw, sent over orders to his agent at 
Kelso not to present the appeal after the Synod had 
appointed a dyet to-morrow for the sole purpose of receiv- 
ing it ; for we had no other business. Supped in Waldie's 
in a large company, and came home with James Allan 
about 2 in the morning. 

Thursday, Aprile 2Uh. — Read some in the Magazines, 
also the newspapers, where is an account of E. Ferrers's 
condemnation by the unanimous judgment of the Lords. ^ 
His sentence was hanging and the dissection of his body 
two days after passing the sentence according to the late 
law against murther, but the execution, at his request^ 
is respited till the 5th of May. We have also heard within 
these two or three days of the Scots Militia Bill being 
rejected by the Commons by a great majority. What- 
ever the reasons may be of this measure, I wish that at 
this critical time it may not be improved to do mischief. 

Saturday, April 26th. — Set out with PhiUp for Berwick 
about 9. James Allan set out at the same time for Ey- 
mouth. Philip and I got to Berwick a little after 1. 
Dined in Mr. Waite's, where we found my sister. I 



1 Laurence, fourth Earl Ferrers (1720-60) : hanged after trial by his 
Peers for murder of his servant. He had married Mary, sister of Sir 
William Meredith of Henbury, Cheshire, Bart. She divorced him and 
married secondly, in 1769, Lord Frederick Campbell, brother of the Duke 
of Argyll. 



814 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

preached, colleagued with Philip, on Heb. 2. 10. Drank 
tea in Gowdie's. 

Sunday, Aprile 27th. — Served two tables at Gowdie's, 
and preached for Campbell p.m. on Ps. 4. 8. Philip 
lectured for him. He rode to Edrom on my horse to 
supply Will. W. Anderson came in with him in the even- 
ing. They supped with us in Gowdie's. James Turnbull 
also there, who preached for Gowdie p.m. 

Munday, Aprile 28th. — James Allan and James Wood 
preached. James Allan, Philip and I drank tea in Aunt 
Balderstone's. All the ministers spent the evening in 
Campbell's, who gave us much laughter by his mimickries. 

Tuesday, Aprile 29th. — Dined in Mr. Waite's, where were 
also Campbell, his wife and W. Anderson. Drank tea in 
S. Stanton's. Sate a while in the evening in Dr. Balder- 
stone's. The Doctor on his circuit and not to return till 
the end of the week. Then a good while in Mrs. Nichol- 
son's who is always most sensible, most entertaining and 
friendly. 

Wednesday, Aprile SOth. — Breakfasted in T. Rutherford's, 
where was T. Monteith. Called at Turner's and Willv 

ft/ 

Hall's. The latter wandering somewhere with Sir J. 
Patterson, in whose company he is far too much, and whose 
sister it is said he is going to marry, to the great hurt and 
distress of his family. Sate a while with Gracie and was 
such a fool as to talk to her things to the disadvantage of 
Sir John, an improper subject to entertain her with, 
whatever should happen ; but was led into it partly by 
the want of something else to talk of. ' Dr. Miller and A. 
Ridpath of Angelraw were in town all night and dined 
to-day in Mr. Waite's. Sandy Hume of Polwarth and his 
wife drank tea. Philip went out yesterday to Hutton 
about some Parish business and came back again this 
evening. He found a letter at Fishwick from J. Herriot 
informing him that young Robertson was to have a meeting 
with the heritors of the Parish of Ladykirk, which carried 
him over there to see if he could finish the business about 
my father's debt. The meeting had been the day before. 
However, he waited on Robertson and found him perfectly 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 315 

well disposed to finish the matter on the terms proposed 
by his father. But Tod pretended he could do nothing 
without the consent of his Session, to whom Robertson 
had given his receipt for my father's note. After much 
travel in going betwixt them and much labovir in vain 
to bring them together, arising wholly from the obstinacy 
and folly of Tod, Robertson at last consented to receive 
the £8, and to give his receipt for it to Philip, in conse- 
quence of powers which he had received from the other 
heritors to transact and settle that affair, and undertook 
to obtain the concurrence of the other heritors to accept 
of the payment made, in full of all demands and also to 
return my father's note, which I think he had not brought 
with him from Edinburgh. He was very civil to Philip 
and made great complaints of Tod, who is no doubt a 
distress to everybody he has any deaUngs with. I would 
fain hope that this troublesome business is in effect finished, 
tho' I am not quite secure, without the note's being 
returned, and a discharge from the heritors and Session. 

Thursday, May 1st — Set out with Philip after 10 on 
our long projected visit to Dunglass. Proposed to get 
there to dine, but apprehending we would be too late, 
turned off to Eymouth, where we dined with James Allan. 
The Laird of Mains happened also to be dining with him, 
with whom we had some chat about the Edrom affair. 
Called both at Mrs. Crow's and Mrs. Edgar's. Set out for 
Dunglass about 5, and arrived there a little after 8. Re- 
C3ived and treated with great civility. W. Pringle and 
Peggy there ; nobody else but themselves. The lady is 
looking thin, having had a miscarriage about the time of 
her brother's death. 

Friday, May 2nd. — Got up about 7 and wandered till 
breakfast in the environs of the house, where the policy 
is extensive and beautiful. The Dean ^ in particular is 
full of the grandest and most striking scenes of fine trees. 



1 Pease Dean, near Dunglass, a deep, thickly wooded ravine with very 
steep sides. The old road from Berwick to the Lothians went up and down 
its almost precipitous sides in a series of zigzags. It was not till 1786 
that the present bridge was put up. 



316 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

banks, rocks, etc., that I have anywhere seen. Unluckily, 
the family were engaged before we came, to go to Tinning- 
ham to dine, so that we set out, after a wandering a while 
after they were gone with Walter Pringle, about 12, in 
our way to Auldhamstocks and Abbay. Neither John 
Lundy ^ nor his wife at home, so proceeded through the 
Muir to Abbay, where we dined and staid all night. Mon- 
teith there, also two or three neighbouring farmers. Very 
agreeably disappointed in Murray's wife,^ who has been 
the subject of so much idle scandal. Her person and 
looks have various articles that together with her youth 
are abundantly agreeable and even attracting, and she is 
perfectly kind and hospitable and seems to be an excellent 
oeconomist. Murray himself is a very honest, good-natured, 
sensible man and seems to be very happy with his com- 
panion. He has got a little farm from Lord Marchmont, 
which gives him abundant employment, and which it is 
not improbable that his own and wife's carefulness and 
frugality may make answer very well. 

Saturday, May Srd. — Very cold in the Muirs. Set 
out from Abbay after 11 and got to Greenlaw' about 2. 
Dined and drank tea at John Hume's. Sandy's wifc^^ 
tho' a pretty little body, is, I suspect, a very useless 
creature, when compared with Murray's. Got home in 
the evening, dozed and did something for to-morrow. 

Munday, May 5th. — Hazy from E. most of the day, and 
some small rain. Wrought on accounts and read most 
of the March Magazine. In the afternoon went to Sir 



^ John Lundie, minister of Oldhamstocks 1733-86 : eldest son of 
Archibald Lundie, minister of Saltoun, and brother to Cornelius Lundie, 
Ridpath's co-presbyter at Kelso. He married as his second wife, in 1757, 
Helen, daughter of John Hepburn of Humbie. 

2 AdamMurray, Abbey St. Bathans: seeaM/e,p. 310, n. 2. Hiswife'sname 
was Isobel Marshall, but what her origin was is unknown. At all events 
she earned Ridpath's high encomiums. 

^ Sandy Hume's wife was, it will be remembered, the daughter of a 
baker in Edinburgh. Although his father had been very much averse to 
the match he seems to have become reconciled to it ; but it is not clear 
whether Mrs. Sandy was staying at this time with her father-in-law or 
whether Ridpath writes from report or previous observation. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 317 

Robert's, where Walter and Miss Peggy had arrived a 
httle before from Dunglass. Sent in the two years' rate 
and interest that I was owing to the Widows' Fund. 

Tuesday, May 6th. — Went to the Presbytery, where I 
was chosen Moderator. M'llwraith at last appeared and 
gave in a written narrative in answer to the charge of Mary 
Leitch. It is probably all fiction, and not very artfully 
contrived. G. Wallace with us. He has been at Sprows- 
toun since Friday. Had a Library meeting, where we 
gave a few commissions. Minna Dawson came up behind 
me, to see Nancy and help in the management of some 
clothes. 

Wednesday, May 7th. — Wrought some time in the garden 
and read some of Reviews and of Stillingfleet's Tracts of 
Natural History,^ which I brought from the Library 
yesterday. Mrs. Pollock here p.m. Miss Pringle and one 
of the Misses Pringle of Torwoodlee called in the evening, 
in their way from Newton. 

Wednesday, May 14>th. — Set out after 10 and got to 
Edrom about 1. Found that Will had gone to Berwick 
on Tuesday. Rode straight to Berwick and arrived there 
about 4. . . .^ Minister they are to get in room of Mr. 
Goldie, one li . . . from Carlisle, who preached to them 
last Sunday, and to whom almost all the Heads of the 
families have concurred in a call. The principal people 
of the congregation met with him to-night in Nixon's 
and he goes off to-morrow morning, so that I shall not have 
an opportunity of seeing him. 

Thursday, May 15th. — Less wind. Mild and warm. 
Called at s^arious places, particularly a while at Goldie's, 
where Jy. Dysart ^ has been staying some days. Supped 
in the Collector's, where was nobody but himself and 



1 Benjamin Stillingfleet (1702-71) botanist and author : he wrote 
hbrettos for oratorios, but is chiefly known b)' his Miscellaneous Tracts 
relating to Natural History, Husbandry, and Physick (1759), with a Preface 
introducing Linnaean principles into England. 

^ Several lines erased. 
• ^Matthew Dysart, minister of Eccles, had a brother John. It is possible 
that he is the person referred to. 



318 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

Selby of Paston, a Captain of Militia. Had a good deal 
of agreeable chat. 

Saturday, May 17th. — Set out from Berwick after dinner. 
Drank tea at Eccles, where Mrs. Dysart has begun again 
to carry on her repairs. Matthew had gone to Bunkill to 
preach to-morrow. Got home about 9. Dozed and looked 
to something for to-morrow. Found a melancholy amuse- 
ment as I was riding homewards in composing an inscrip- 
tion for a tombstone which Mr. Waite is about to erect 
for poor Nanny, for whose loss his sorrows continue still 
fresh and which he was expressing once and again to me 
in a very natural and affecting manner, and hinting, as I 
understood, an inclination for something to be wrote on 
her tombstone that would preserve her memory. I wish 
I could be so happy as to please the good man by a just 
expression of what he feels on this tender subject. 

Sunday, May ISth. — Went to Kelso to supply Mr. 
Lundy's absence at the Assembly. Took refreshment 
betwixt sermons and dined in John Miller's. Called at 
Dr. Gibson's and Mrs. Dawson's. Came home after 8. 

Munday, May 19th. — Wrote to Philip, chiefly about my 
sister. Wrote also to A. Ridpath of Angelraw about a 
place for a surgeon vacant at Penrith, which Henry had 
been speaking of to Goldie, and which Goldie desired I 
would inform Ridpath of. Read some things in the 
Reviews that I had not read before. Journalized and 
wrote accounts. 

Tuesday, May 20th. — Read the newspapers and the 
account of Ferrers's execution, published by authority of 
the London sheriffs with some MS. notes of Dr. Pringle, 
who had sent it to Sir Robert. Worthless, bad mortal as 
he was, he died decently, and his execution without any 
abatements of the rigor of the law was a noble example of 
publick justice. A. Ridpath, with his two sisters and Mrs. 
Wood of Tofts, came before dinner and staid till the even- 
ing. May a very handsome girl, and very lively, but 
deficient in voice and delicacy of manner. Ridpath does 
not seem inclined to go to Penrith. Slept on Stillingfleet's 
Tracts of Natural History. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 319 

Wednesday, May 21st, — Read what I had not read before 
of StilHngfleet's Tracts of Natural History, where are a 
great many curious things. They are translated from the 
Amoen. Acad, of the Upsal Sqciety. The first is a Work 
of Linnaeus, the rest of his disciples. The translator gives 
some notes and a dissertation on English grasses. Nancy 
set out for Berwick in the forenoon, and Will came here in 
the Evening. He had met with Nancy at Whitsum, where 
they dined. 

Thursday, May 22nd. — Campbell, who has been at 
Liliasleaf, came here from Gordon before dinner, and staid 
till 4. Got some Assembly news from him and some 
laughs. The gentlewomen at Newton and Sprot here at 
tea. Look'd to some things in Ray ^ and Miller ^ relating 
to Stillingfleet's subjects, and at night read various things 
in the Scots (January) Magazine, which came from the 
town. The great multiplication of English Magazines 
enable them to improve their collection. 

Friday, May 2Srd. — Wrought some in the garden and 
read some in Stillingfleet, Ray, Miller. Afternoon went 
to Sir Robert's and staid till after supper. He did not 
come home from Kelso till the evening and Walter along 
with him. Intended to have spoke to him about falling 
to work again at my house and office houses, but did not 
find it convenient. 

Tuesday, May 27th. — Read some articles in some of the 
Bibls. which I had in hand. Read also Edinburgh and 
London newspapers. One of the Edinburgh papers has 
part of a new Essay of D. Hume's on the Jealousy of Trade 
published in a new edition of his Essays. In this, as usual, 
he finds all the world mistaken but himself. Got from 
Sir Robert's in the afternoon Lord G. Sackville's Tryal. 
It is his own edition, sent down by the Doctor. Read a 
good deal of it. 

Wednesday, May 2Sth, — Read Sackville's Tryal. Philip 
came in the afternoon from Edinburgh. Evening and 

1 Probably John Ray's Historia Planiarum, 2 vols., 1696 and 1704. 
^ Philip Miller (1691-1771), author of the Gardener's and Florist's 
Dictionary (1724) which was translated into several languages. 



320 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

night got his Assembly news. There seems to have been 
more business and amusement at this Assembly than at 
several past ones. Our Presbytery have got a grant of 
£30 out of the Church funds for defraying our expenses in 
the Ednam plea. 

Friday, May SOth. — Wrought some in the garden. Read 
what was new to me of the February Scots Magazine, and 
read over again part of Sackville's Tryal. In the evening 
walked to the Lint-Mill to see the man's wife there, ill 
of an ague. Look'd to some plants on the water-side as I 
returned. 

Saturday, May Slst. — Read Montesquieu's ' Temple of 
Gnidus ' in the Collection of his Miscellaneous Pieces, and 
some of his Persian Letters,^ both which I got from the 
Library yesterday. Wrought some in the garden. 

Tuesday, June 3rd. — At the Presbytery, where we had 
Mcllwraith, who still undertakes to find a father for Mary 
Leitch's child. Drank tea with Mrs. Walker, who came to 
the town about 8 days ago. Was a while at Mr. Lundy's 
and bought breeches at Walker's in the evening. Came 
home betwixt 9 and 10. 

Thursday, June 5th. — Set out for Berwick betwixt 8 
and 9, having had a hint from Mr. Waite that my sister 
wished to see me. Breakfasted at Eccles with Mrs. Dysart 
and the bairns. Matthew had gone to Swintoun last 
night. Met him as I was entering Swintoun. Carried him 
back to dine with Cupples. Learned there that the Edrom 
heritors and Committee of Presbytery had agreed about 
Will's excambion yesterday. Carried Cupples to John 
Waugh's, where we drank tea. Got to Berwick betwixt 
9 and 10. 

Friday, June 6th. — Weather the same. Berwick Fair 
Day, where was a multitude of people and a great many 
more cattle than used to be before the change of the day. 
Made calls at Goldie's to see J. Dysart, at the Nest, at 
the Angelraw people and at Aunt Balderstone's. 



^ Charles de Secondat, Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu (1689-1755) : 
his Lettres Persanes, pubhshed ini72i, were a satire on the follies of his times.. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 321 

Saturday, June 7th, — Came home by way of Hutton, 
where I looked to Philip's glebe, on which there is a very 
fine crop of barley, and the grass coming very well away. 
Then came to Edrom, where I dined and looked to the 
situation of Will's house. Made a little change in it. 
Have some suspicion that the ground to be given in 
exchange for the glebe is none of the best.^ The crop on 
it is but poor. Got home about sunset. Did something 
for to-morrow. 

Sunday, June 8th. — Dobby here to ask about a lad in 
Will's parish whom he wants for his English usher,^ also 
Sprot from Newton. They staid and dined and drank tea. 

Munday, June 9th. — Weather the same. Journalized, 
wrote accounts, read some of April London Magazines 
and spoke to a catechumen or two. Drank tea at Sir 
Robert's. 

Tuesday, June 10th. — Weather much the same. Married 
John Wood's niece at Fallside Hill and dined there. Called 
at Home and a little at Home Byres in coming homewards. 
In one of the Edinburgh Mercuries is a specimen of the 
new Dialogues of the Dead, a work of Lord Lyttelton's.^ 
The specimen is a dialogue betwixt Pope and Boileau and 
is wrote with spirit, sense, and elegance. Read some of 
London Magazines and wrought a while in the garden. 

1 Mr. Ridpath's opinion of Will's new glebe was fully confirmed by a 
successor in the parish, Mr. Alexander Cuthbertson. Writing a notice of 
the parish for the Statistical Account, 1845, he says : ' The present glebe 
is about the same extent as the old, namely, ten acres. The exchange was 
satisfactory to Mr. William Ridpath who was then minister of the parish, 
and it was gone about, so far as I have been able to learn, in the usual way : 
but there must have been a mistake, for the old glebe is of as good land as 
any in the parish or county, and one acre of it is worth three acres of the 
present. The present glebe was, at the time of the exchange, a moor, covered 
with heath with a swamp at the lower end, and though it has since been 
much improved a different equivalent ought to have been obtained.' 

* It is curious to find Ridpath recording Mr. Dobby 's need of an ' usher ' 
for his school. The word was never in general use in Scotland, but at 
this period there was a great tendency towards English phrases and 
methods of speech. 

3 George, first Baron Littleton {1709-73), son of Sir Thomas Littleton, 
third Baronet : a friend of Pope and liberal patron of literature : the 
Dialogues of the Dead were pubUshed in 1 760. 



322 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

Sunday, June 15th, — Preached on Isaiah 53. 11, from a 
collection of materials which was far too large ; the 
sermon consequently much too long — 1 hr. 45 min. This 
was beyond all bounds. Five tables of communicants 
full, and almost a sixth. Mr. Home preached p.m. Mr. 
Allan, of whom I had lost hopes, came about 11, also T. 
Macdougall, after preaching at home. Had just a table 
for each of us. John Home and James Allan guests. 

Tuesday, June 17th. — Had an intention to go with 
James Allan to dine with Ramsay at Broomlands, but 
having sent beforehand to enquire about him, we found 
he was not at home. Went to Ednam and drank tea. 
Both Mrs. Pollock and Bet have had colds and sore throats, 
but they are in a way of being better. Got a letter in the 
morning from G. Wallace, which I wrote an answer to at 
Ednam, in concert with Mas Thomas. 

Wednesday, June ISth. — ^James Allan and Will set out 
before breakfast, Mr. Allan for Marchmont House. Saw 
sick a.m. at Home and the Lint Mill. Read a bit of Homer 
p.m. Peggy Pringle came to tea. Walked up with her 
and spoke a little to Sir Robert about the reparation of 
my office houses. Slept on Voltaire's Candide, which I 
brovight from Stitchill. 

Thursday, June 19th. — Read to the end of Voltaire's 
Candide, a satire on Leibnitz's System of Optimism con- 
tracting into a small compass, in the form of a lively narra- 
tive, many of the most horrid scenes of wickedness and 
misery that are to be met with in the different parts of the 
world. Tho' it has much the appearance of [being] graceless 
and atheistical, yet I am not sure if it contains much more 
than a just satire on the presumption of Philosophers in 
pretending to explain or account for particular phenomena 
of Providence from their systems and partial views. The 
conclusion of the whole is excellent, travailler sans raisonner^ 
c'est le seul moyen de rendre la vie supportable. Spent all 
the rest of the day and night in writing letters to my good 
old friends Ephraim Nealson and Dr. Grieve, whom I had 
too long neglected. 

Friday, June 20th. — Read over again Voltaire's Opti- 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 323 

misme, looking in my dictionary for several uncommon 
words. Wrought a little in the garden. At night, read 
D'Alembert's Analyse of the Esprit des Lois, and Montes- 
quieu's Fragment on Taste, wrote for the use of the authors 
of the French Encyclopedie, and left unfinished, which is 
in no way inferior to what might be expected from its 
great author. 

Saturday, June 21st^ — Rode to Ednam in the afternoon 
to enquire about something Mr. Pollock told me last 
Tuesday that excited my curiosity. This was that he 
expected a visit of his son Tom on Thursday last. Tom 
had wrote him so, told him it was to be a short one, and 
wished only to find his own family at home. This put it in 
my head that Tom must have been about to carry off some 
girl to marry in Scotland.^ However this may turn out, 
no Tom had come, nor any accounts from him. 

Munday, June 2^rd. — Wrought in the garden most of 
the forenoon. Afternoon went to Newton, and drank 
tea in Sir Alexander's. Nobody there but the knight and 
lady. Had a good deal of chat with the lady, a fine woman, 
uncomfortably yoked. Got from her Lord Lyttelton's 
Dialogues of the Dead. They have got almost the whole 
collection of Strange's prints, several of which I had not 
seen before. Venus, drest by the Graces, is a luscious 
picture. Read at night more than half of the Dialogues, 
in which there is some good sense and good principles, 
but a want of that spirit, humour, and brilliancy which 
seem very necessary to give a relish, and to engage the 
attention to such kinds of composition. 

1 Ridpath's guess was a shrewd one. It is quite possible that Tom's 
projected visit was about the very matter that Ridpath suspected, though 
it may have had to do with a more unpleasant affair in connection with his 
sister Aly about which we shall soon hear. The fact is that within httle 
more than a year after this date, on 20th September 1761, Master Tom 
had Banns of Marriage proclaimed in Edinburgh between him and Miss 
Susanna Palmer, daughter of Charles Palmer, attorney, London. Both 
he and the lady are described as ' from London.' He was then twenty -five : 
he probably took after his sisters and was rather a fascinating youth, 
though Ridpath thought him idle. He did quite well in after Ufe : took 
orders in the Church of England, became Vicar of Grittleton, Wilts, and 
later a D.P., or LL.P. (accounts differ) : died i8oi. 



324 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

Tuesday, June 2Uh, — Read to the end of Lord Lyttelton's 
Dialogues, and some of them over again. Look'd for 
preachings for to-morrow at Eccles, and for Ey mouth on 
Sunday. Read also London, Newcastle, and Edinburgh 
newspapers. 

Wednesday, June 25th. — Preached at Eccles. Saw there 
the lately published collection of Highland poetry, trans- 
lated into English prose, seemingly with spirit and elegance, 
also Fordyce's famous sermon.^ 

Saturday, June 2Sth. — Set out after 9, and got to Edrom 
about 12, just before it began to rain heavily. Intended 
to have been forward to Ey mouth before sermon, but the 
rain stopt me. It also thundered some. Mr. Murray 
and his wife came here about 3. Took a view of what they 
are doing in order to rebuild the Manse. The foundation 
is dug, and they are taking down the old Manse, and 
leading the materials to the place of the new. Set out 
from Edrom about 6, and got to Eymouth about sunset. 
Was obliged to turn round by Prenderguest ^ and Fernyside, 
the water being in a very high flood. Found at Eymouth, 
Philip, and Jolly of Simprin, who had preached to-day, 
and are co-assistants to-morrow. 

Munday, June 30th. — Jolly preached again, Gowdie, 
who had been engaged, being obliged to set out for 
Edinburgh. He is soon to be admitted at Pennycuik. 
Other preacher Campbell, the most noisy I have heard. 
Drank tea at R. Robertson's. Called at Slate-houses, 
and supped in Mrs. Crow's. 

Tuesday, July 1st. — Rode to Berwick with Philip, 

1 This was probably a sermon on ' The Folly, Infamy and Misery of 
unlawful pleasures,' preached before the Assembly, 25th May 1760, by 
James Fordyce, D.D., who had been minister first of Buchan and after- 
wards of Alloa, but became this year one of the most popular preachers in 
London whither he had migrated. He was a brother of Alex. Fordyce, 
the fraudulent banker. In none of his charges does he seem to have got 
on well. He retired from the ministry in 1782, and died at Bath, 1796, in his 
seventy-seventh year. 

2 Prendergast was on his direct route — at least by the present road. 
About a mile on, he should have crossed the Eye at Aytoun, but this 
being impassable he went north towards Ferny Castle, and probably crossed 
at Reston where the river is narrower. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 325 

Campbell, and James Allan. Just met Mrs. Waite, my 
sister, and Nancy on their way to Fishwick as we were 
entering the town. They had been waiting long for a 
favourable day, and as the present was so very fine, resolved 
to seize it. Campbell, Philip, James Allan, and I went 
into the town, and eat a dinner of salmon at Mr. Waite's, 
after which the three latter set out for Fishwick, where 
Mr. Waite's family arrived almost as soon as we, tho' 
my sister was carried by two porters in a chair. ^ James 
Allan and I look'd at Billy's house as we past.^ They 
are going on with it briskly, and it will be a great ornament 
to that corner of the country. Staid at Fishwick all 
night. 

Wednesday, July 2nd. — Philip went to examine, Mr. 
Waite set out for Berwick, and James Allan on his going 
to and fro about 11. I staid, and carried out my sister 
behind me, for a little airing. She was much refreshed 
with it. Lady Hilton with her little daughter and sister- 
in-law came in the afternoon and drank tea. James 
Allan had been dining there, and had put her Ladyship 
in motion. Doctor Balderstone also called. It .growing 
fair, and a fine evening, I set out homewards after 7, and 
got here betwixt 10 and 11. 

Sunday, July 6th. — Brown lectured and preached 
forenoon, and afterwards went down to Kelso. Excepting 
some vulgarisms and inaccuracies in stile and pronunciation 
he acquits himself with more than ordinary spirit, and 
not without sense, so that by the further aids of assiduity 
and impudence, I think it not impossible that the creature 
may work himself higher, of which he is very ambitious. 

Munday, July 7th. — Rode over to Sprowston where the 
Sacrament was yesterday. Chiefly determined to go, by 
a message from Mr. Pollock informing me of a letter from 



^ Fishwick is six miles from Berwick, a considerable distance for any 
one to be carried in a chair. The pace must have been leisurely, as Ridpath 
and friends had time to dine at Berwick and get to Fishwick before the 
chair party. 

2 The mansion house of Billy was erected by Patrick Home after the 
design of Robert Adam. 



326 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

G. Wallace that gave an account of a decision by the Lords 
in the affair of Ednam, appointing the manse to be suffi- 
ciently repaired before Martinmas next. Carried Bet 
over behind me, who has grown better, and is looking very 
well. Thomas Turnbull, R. Dundas and his wife, there. 
T. MacDougal and Mr. Pollock preached. Talked about 
the Ednam affair, and resolved to have a pro re nata 
meeting on Friday, in order to send . . . and instructions 
to our agent. Stopt a while at Ednam in passing home- 
wards, and wrote a letter to G. Wallace. 

Tuesday, July 8th. — Read Voyage to Laputa, and parts of 
the Houyhhnms, in Swift's Gulliver, most of which was 
pretty new to me, and gave me no small entertainment. 

Wednesday, July 9th. — ^Walked to Home to attend a 
meeting about the poor's affairs. Dined at Home Byres, 
and walked after dinner to W. Stevenson's marle-pit, 
which is one of the deepest veins I have seen, and the marie 
of the best kind. Walked from that to Oxmuir and drank 
tea. William is in a languishing sort of way. Found 
G. Curry here in the evening when I came home, and soon 
alter. • • • . . 

Thursday, July 10th. — G. Curry went out to the fair ih 
the morning. Paid him 3 years' interest of his bill. Tait, 
the preacher, called, and I engaged him to preach for me 
next Sunday in the forenoon. He had promised to preach 
for Abraham Ker in the afternoon. Amused in the garden 
and glebe. Read the last week's Edinburgh newspapers, 
and last night's London. 

Friday, July 11th. — Went to Kelso to attend a Presby- 
tery, where there were only 5 of us present. Agreed on a 
letter to our Agent, which was accordingly wrote. Drank 
tea at Mr. Lundy's new quarters in the house where John 
Cleghorn lived, in Maxwellheugh. The roof is taken off 
his old house, and it is proposed to repair it, that is, almost 
to rebuild it this season, for which, however, they seem too 
late a beginning. Came home about sunset. 

Saturday, July 12th. — Rode down to Ednam, and took 
the Naiad en croupe. Made short calls at Eccles and 
Swintoun, and got to Whitsum about 1. Dined there, 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 327 

and rode to Hutton, where I arrived about the middle of 
Jolly's sermon. Walter Anderson preached after him. 
Went to Fishwick with Philip and Will. My sister seems 
to be agreeing well with the country, as also little Willy. 

Munday, July IMh. — We dined in the manse. R. 
Johnson and one of Hilton's little daughters dined with us, 
also Bailie Logan and Billy's principal mason, Nisbet, 
an ingenious man in his way, the rest clergy. Called at 
Mr. Ker's after, and then went to Hutton-Hall to drink 
tea, which is not a disagreeable place. The lady a very 
agreeable woman, and has the finest children that can be 
seen. 

Tuesday, July 15th. — I intended to have gone to Berwick, 
chiefly to see W. Temple, but Mr. Waite came out in the 
forenoon, and I was hindered from going in with him in 
the evening, by my horse being sent to be shod, and not 
returning in due time. Jos. Douglas of Eddrington at 
Fishwick in the afternoon, a very hale and lively man at 
82, tho' he begins to walk feebly. 

Wednesday, July 16th. — James Allan and his two sisters 
came over to Fishwick in the forenoon, in their way to 
Paxton, where Mrs. Edgar had a customer in her salt- 
trade to see, and to spend something in his house. W. 
Nisbet, and Renton the writer were there, Nisbet the 
mason, G. Logan, Philip and myself. We drank a good 
deal of punch after dinner, and were very good company. 
Drank a little also at Alexander Short's. I intended to 
have been home to-night, but this work at Paxton detained 
me so long, that I was prevailed with to stay. 

Thursday, July 17th. — Still lowering, and windy from W. 
Left Fishwick after 11, and came home after 2. Walked 
up with Minna to Sir Robert's, and sate a while with Mrs. 
Pringle and her. Sir Robert and Miss Peggy have been at 
Dunglas since Tuesday. • 

Saturday, July 19th. — Upon getting a letter from J. 
Hume, resolved to ride over to Greenlaw, and got there 
after sermon had begun. Dickson of Dunse, and Mon- 
teith preached. Returned at night, and looked to some- 
thing for to-morrow. 



328 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

Sunday^ July 20th. — Rode over to Greenlaw. Sandy 
was intended to have preached p.m., but pretended his 
father had not given him sufficient warning. Staid at 
Greenlaw all night. Monteith and Matthew fellow guests. 

Munday, July 21st. — Matthew Dysart preached, and 
Monteith in place of Sandy, who did not come, pretending 
to be not well, a frivolous boy ! Nobody at dinner but 
us assistants. John Bell and his son called in their way 
from Marchmont House, and kept us together till near 9. 
I gave several advices to sick and ailing people, and was 
pleased to get an account from a patient of her having got 
great benefit from an electuary made up of Conserva 
Roses and rhubarb. Mr. Bell told us that Lord March- 
mont had an express from London to-day, informing him 
that his brother was given over by his physicians. He has 
been for some time in a dangerous putrid fever, which, by 
an account they had on Saturday last, was [not] like to 
terminate favorably. His death will be an interesting 
event to the Mers politicks. 

Tuesday, July 22nd. — Read miscellaneously. Was in 
the glebe where everything is most luxuriant, except the 
grass of a piece of ground that has been exhausted by 
bearing too many crops of broad clover. Minna Dawson 
called in her way from Sir Robert's to Newton. Attended 
her to the planting, and there, on the mossy turf, under 
a sweet grove, first told her in words my desire of making 
her my own. Quod faustum felixque sit. 

Wednesday, July 23r<i. — James Richardson from New- 
castle came before dinner and dined. Went to Home in 
the afternoon, and returned at night to his bed. Sir 
Robert called in the forenoon and told me that Lord 
Marchmont had got an account of his brother's death, 
which happened on the 19th. This is a heavy stroke to 
the political weight and interest of that family. Sir 
Robert here again in the evening, looking to the office- 
houses. I find he will easily enough agree to what is 
reasonable. Read a little miscellaneously, attended the 
slater, and some patients. 

Thursday, July 24>th. — Called at Coventree in the fore- 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 329 

noon, not having seen him since he came from London. 
Had a good deal of talk with him, chiefly about the London 
sects, which seem to have been one of the principal objects 
of his attention. There is almost as odd a medley there 
of that sort of cattle at present, as there was a hundred 
years ago, but Whitefield is greatly ahead of all the rest. 
Aly Stevenson came before dinner, to see my mother, and 
staid till the evening. Minna Dawson also here in the 
evening. Catched her in passing from Ednam, and set 
her up most of the way to Sir Robert's. Had some 
explicatory chat with her about what passed on Tuesday, 
and must have more when an opportunity occurs. Slept 
on Gulliver. William came in the evening. 

Saturday, July 26th. — Shaved in the morning. The 
lad Davidson from Sprowston here, to remind me to be in 
time at Kelso on Tuesday for the examination of him 
and his fellow-student Turnbull, who are intended to be 
taken on tryals in the winter.^ Rode to Gordon, and 
preached on Philippians 3. 8. Colleagued with Alexander 
Duncan. Came home about sunsetj and did something 
for to-morrow. 

Tuesday, July 29th. — Mostly sunny, breeze southerly, 
hot. Went to the Presbytery which meets to-day, 
because St. James's fair-day is next Tuesday. Examined 
Davidson and Turnbull, two lads in Robert Turnbull's 
parish, in order to the writing of circular letters, for taking 
them on trials. Turnbull a stupid animal, Davidson 
better. Had Slater, the Sprowston schoolmaster before 
us for his litigious behaviour, and ordered him to be 
reponed to his office of Presenting, ^ from which the 
Session had suspended him, on account of some quarrels 
with his neighbours, to whom he is a great nuisance. John 
Stevenson came in to us in the afternoon and gave us some 



1 William Davidson, son of Edward Davidson, minister of Castlegarth 
Presbyterian Church, Newcastle, may have been residing within the 
bounds of the Presbytery of Kelso at this time as he was licensed by it in 
1760. He afterwards became minister of Mordington. 

* That is, from his office of Precentor or leader of the Psalmody in the 
church services. 



330 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

punch to drink the Lord President's health/ this being 
his birthday. This kept us longer in Waldie's than usual. 
Afterwards reconnoitred Mr. Lundy's manse, which is to 
be altogether demolished, the old walls being unable to 
sustain the addition proposed. Ramsay has given a plan 
of a new one, of which he is very fond, but to which Mr. 
Lundy has various objections. It is to cost, however, a 
very considerable sum, the heritors having contracted 
with the wright and mason alone for £200. Called at 
Mrs. Dawson's and at Scot's to see the account I owed 
Mr. Dawson. It amounts to £3:3 :.2. I was afraid it 
might be more. Walked to and again afoot. 

Saturday, August 2nd. — Walked to Nenthorn and 
preached. Colleagued with W. Brown of Maxton. Never 
heard Brown before. Nothing can be conceived more 
lifeless than his manner, yet he says affecting and 
plain things most deliberately and distinctly, and these 
please, and gain the man attention in spight, as it 
were, of himself. Saw, in returning, a good deal of 
the great water-dock on the sides of the Eden. Dr. Hill ^ 
has joined lately with the antients in celebrating it as a 
grand specifick for the scurvy, and I have been wishing 
to meet with it all this summer. Heard from Berwick at 
night. Philip writes me that my sister has recruited 
greatly. Sent me also the May and June London Magazines, 
which I looked over at night. 

[A "page torn out of the MS. here.] 

(Friday, August Sth, contd.). — Read some of the Philo- 
sophical Transactions, and sowed winter spinnage in the 
forenoon. Afternoon, went to Kelso, in consequence of 
an agreement yesterday, to consider what is to be done 
about Mr. Lundy's house. Was to have been there at 
dinner, but could not conveniently leave my mother, who, 



^ Robert Dundas of Arniston, who had been appointed President of 
the Court of Session on the 14th of the previous month. 

2 John Hill (d. 1775) practised as an apothecary and quack doctor in 
London, published ' TAe Vegetable System (1759-75), for which he obtained 
the Swedish Order of Vasa. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 331 

however, has been no worse to-day. Could come to no 
resolution about Lundy's house farther than that he 
should consult next Presbytery, and in the mean time, 
talk to some of the members. Called at Mrs. Dawson's. 

Tuesday, August 12th. — Read Tristram Shandy, and 
some of Colonel Hooke's ^ Negotiations, the former belong- 
ing to the library, the latter. Professor Stevenson's. Will 
came from Fishwick, where he had been all last night, 
about tea-time. Campbell came at night on his road to 
Ramsay at Bruimlands, who, to gratify the heritors of 
Lilsly [Lilliesleaf], is keeping up his presentation as long 
as the law will allow, tho' he had promised to Campbell, 
when he saw him more than a moneth ago, that it should 
be given in immediately. Campbell has given up his 
people at Berwick, where Gardiner, a man from the South 
of England, recommended by Dr. Chandler, is expected 
before next Sunday. 

Wednesday, August ISth. — Campbell left us in the 
morning, and Will went to Kelso with him to breakfast. 
Will came back before dinner, and told us that Ramsay, 
after some excuses, had promised to send up the presenta- 
tion to-morrow to one of the ministers of the Presbytery. 
Read Tristram Shandy over again, which is a very pretty 
jeu d' esprit. It is too learned for the ladies and even the 
bulk of the male readers, who must be greatly puzzled to 
find out what there is in it that pleases the judges so much. 
Read also most of Colonel Hooke's Negotiations. Mrs. 
Dawson here in the afternoon. 

Thursday, August lUh. — Read Colonel Hooke to an 
end. An Englishman that followed the fortunes of 
James vii. and his family, gallicized into a plotter, and 
writer of Memoirs, that is, prompted by vanity to babble to 
posterity, what he dares not mutter to his contemporaries. 
These memoirs give a striking view of the general dis- 
affection of Scotland at the time of the Union, but what 



* Nathaniel Hooke, the elder (1669-1738), a Jacobite officer who under- 
took secret missions to Scottish Jacobites ; corresponded with Marlborough 
and Stair ; published The Secret History of his Negotiations in Scotland, in 
favour of the Pretender in lyoy (London, 1760). 



332 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

they relate concerning this and the Pretender's Expedition 
in 1708, adds but little to what was already sufficiently 
known. Read the History of the Union in Bishop Burnet, 
and all that he has on the years 1707 and 1708. I sent 
Charles for Nancy to-day, and she came up in the evening. 
My mother is no worse. 

Fnday, August 15th. — Looked over some part of Hooke's 
Negotiations, and read p.m. and evening a good deal of 
Jortin's Life of Erasmus,^ which is a work of an odd con- 
struction, but not unentertaining. Got it to-day from the 
library. Was in the meadow part of the afternoon, helping 
to put up some hay. Will left us a.m. 

Munday, August 18th. — Put right some hay cocks in the 
glebe, and drove away the crows and pidgeons, the latter 
of which have made a dreadful havock of my pease. Mr. 
Pollock here at dinner from Kelso (whither he removed 
last week), by the way of Newton, where he had been to 
see the Knight, who was going away somewhere. Had 
from him the particulars of his daughter's marriage, which is 
now in everybody's mouth. Her husband is a nephew to 
the Earl of Inchiquin, has formerly been a lieutenant of a 
man-of-war, but is now out of employment, expecting a 
ship. His elder brother is apparent heir to Inchiquin, 
and is married to one of his daughters, who is deaf and 
dumb, by whom he has only one daughter. When he 
succeeds to the Inchiquin Estate, Aly's husband succeeds 
to his father's estate, which is considerable. Such is the 
account Tom, who came down along with the couple to be 
married at Edinburgh, gives of the affair. Next to the 
madness of the thing itself, is the distraction of publishing 
it. But the people here should never have been told it, 
as they were incapable of perceiving the importance of 
keeping it a secret. If it turns not out miserably for the 
poor girl, which it may do in more ways than one, all 
concerned may thank their stars. A love marriage, they 
call it, but what sort of love ? not of six weeks' continuance 



^ John Jortin (1698-1770), ecclesiastical, historian ; Archdeacon of 
London 1764 : besides three volumes of ecclesiastical history he pubHshed, 
in I J ^8, his Life of Erasmus. 



1760] ' DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 333 

before consummation. Mas Thomas, poor body, is a 
little fearful about the event, and told me in confidence 
some of Allan's history, which looks as if matters at London 
were not in the best way with him. He is, it seems, just 
about to be married himself, and I suppose was glad of an 
opportunity to get his sister off his hands. She had better 
have staid at Ednam, where she could scarce have mist a 
farmer or perhaps a minister, that would have been faithful 
and good to her.^ Read a good deal of the Life of Erasmus. 

Tuesday, August 19th. — Read more of the Life of Erasmus, 
which is spun out to a great length, very uselessly, I think, 
unless to a man actually employed in reading his works. 
His life was a very busy one, but the business and events 
of it, were very uniform. 

Wednesday, August 20th. — Read the Life of Erasmus to 
an end. The ground work of it is a sort of free translation 
of what Le Clerc has wrote on the life and works of this 
eminent man in his Bibliotheques, and prefaces to the 
Leyden edition. This is interlarded with passages from 
Knight, who writes a life of Erasmus, from Burnet's 
History of the Reformation, and many other authors ; and 
all along the bottom of the page is filled with extracts 
from the letters of Erasmus and his correspondents, from 
Seckendorff's History of Lutheranism, Perizonius, etc. 
Such works are compilations by their very nature, but this 
is as mere and as inartificial a one as I have met with. 



1 We must regret the Diary does not come further down than it does, 
for then we might have had some further Hght thrown on the mystery of 
Aly Pollock's alleged marriage. John O'Brien, Captain R.N., was the 
second son of James O'Brien, M.P., who was the third son of the third 
Earl of Inchiquin. His uncle, the fourth Earl, succeeded to the title and 
died 1719, when John's elder brother Murrough became fifth Earl and was 
subsequently created Marquess of Thomond. He died s.p., in 1808, and 
as John himself had died in 1788 without apparently any legitimate issue, 
the honours went to a nephew, the son of a younger brother. If John 
O'Brien were really married to Aly Pollock and if she had had a son, the 
possibility of which is hinted at in the Diary, the latter would have suc- 
ceeded to the title. It is clear, however, that Ridpath had grave doubts 
on this subject. Generally, it may be said, that no proof of this alleged 
marriage has ever been produced, and John O'Brien is known to have 
been a bad character. 



334 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

There are various strictures too of the compiler, and the 
whole is digested into the form of annals, and fills a 4to 
volume of ' 630 pages. Certainly Erasmus's character, 
everything of note in his life, and what is remarkable also 
in his works might have been contained in half the room. 
But the compiler has for his object not only to illustrate 
the character and life of Erasmus, but those of his learned 
correspondents and cotemporaries. And indeed the work 
contains a great variety of entertaining knowledge of that 
sort. What also relieves much the tedium, tho' it lengthens 
the time of reading it, is the collection of quotations at 
the bottom of the pages, which often contain interesting 
things, and are generally written in an agreeable, elegant 
Latin stile. Jortine shows himself in this work (I have not 
read any of his other works) to be a man of moderate 
sense and considerable erudition ; industrious also, and 
not without sagacity in the critical and philological way. 
Read last week's Edinburgh papers. 

Thursday, August 21st, — P.m. went to Eccles, where I 
heard for the first time that Major Pringle had been 
publickly proposed as a candidate for the Mers seat in 
Parliament at a pretty large meeting of Gentlemen at 
Greenlaw on Monday last. It was a meeting about the 
Coldstream turnpike, and the motion was made by Sir 
Alexander Don, and seconded by James Pringle of Bow- 
land. Sir Robert was present, so that the matter must be 
serious. James Allan, who had dined at Fogo, and is 
going to Marchmont House, came here in the evening. 

Munday, August 25th. — Read some Life of Erasmus 
and some other things miscellaneously. Minna Dawson 
[the lady's name has been erased] at tea. Sir Robert's boy 
called for her, and carried her home in the . . . [the rest 
of this day hopelessly erased]. 

Tuesday, August 2Qth. — Read miscellaneously, and 
wrought among the lime which was got riddled in the 
morning. Mixed some sand with it. W. Jeffery came in 
the evening. He had been at Bassendean and Easttown, 
and is in his way east the country. 

Wednesday, August 27th. — Went with Mr. Jeffery to 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 335 

Eccles and dined. W. Ramsay and his wife there p.m. 
Came home in the evening. Read some of Mrs. Carter's 
Epictetus,^ which came to-day from the Ubrary, a very 
elegant book in printing and binding, and, I believe, no 
less so in the composition. 

Thursday, August 28th. — Read a book of Epictetus's 
discourses, and attended the mason who began to harle 
the office-houses ; T. Underwood's lad was also preparing 
hair for plaister lime. A letter from Mr. Waite informs 
me that my sister is better. 

Friday, August 29//i.— Read another book of Arrian. 
Many excellent things in it. Messrs. Lundy and Turnbull 
came to dinner and staid till after tea. Mr. Lundy has 
got an extract of the proceedings of the Heritors' meetings 
about his manse, but seems to be very irresolute how he 
shall table his complaints before the Presbytery, tho' 
he is very desirous of doing it. It seems also a little 
uncertain how far they will be able to redress him, especi- 
ally as the sum the heritors have allowed for re-building 
the manse appears so considerable. 

Saturday, August SOth. — Attended the mason, and walked 
to Home, where I had several sick folks to see. There is a 
fever pretty common there. It has rheumatick symptoms, 
and is not of long continuance, going off on the 7th or 
8th day with a sweat and sleeping. In some there has 
been a blooding at the nose towards the crisis, and in 
others, a looseness. It does not seem to require much 
blooding, if any. Whey, with sage, and wine seem to do 
very well to forward a diaphoresis, and support the spirits. 

Munday, September 1st. — Rode over to Greenlaw, where 
I met with Matthew Dysart by appointment, and John 
Hume rode over with us to Marchmont House, but all 
were gone to Eccles. Called and asked Nancy Burnet 
how she did, took a turn in the garden, whose growths by 
badness of soil and want of shelter, are very poor, par- 
ticularly the trees, both on the walls and espaliers. Came 

^ Elizabeth Carter (17 17-1806), the daughter of a clergyman in Kent: 
was a friend of Dr. Johnson : she published her translation of Epictetus in 

1758. 



336 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

back to Greenlaw, where John, to make up for a bad dinner, 
gave us a pretty large doze of drink. Very hearty. Got 
home before 9. Found Will here. 

Tuesday, September 2nd. — At the Presbytery, where Mr. 
Lundy represented to us the affair of his manse. Having 
before appointed a Presbytery on Thursday fortnight for 
revising the widows' register and some Presbytery minutes, 
we thought it best for him to desire by -intimation from 
the pulpit, a meeting of the heritors to attend the Presby- 
tery that day, in order to our conversing with them about 
the subjects of Mr. Lundy' s complaints, and to try to 
prevent or adjust differences betwixt them. Called at 
Mr. Pollock's a.m., and drank tea there p.m. The Naiad 
in great glory. T. McDougal breakfasted here. 

Wednesday^ September Srd. — Mrs. Dawson set out for 
Ednam in the morning. Compared a little of the original 
of Arrian, which I got from Robert Turnbull yesterday, 
with Miss Carter's translation. The translation is literal, 
and at the same time expressive and elegant. 

Saturday, September Qth. — Attended the mason, and read 
out the reviews. There is a good specimen of an abridge- 
ment of the Roman History in the manner of Henault, 
translated by Nugent ^ from the French of McQuer. 

Munday, September Sth. — Was at Home seeing sick, 
a.m. After dinner at a burial from Caldron Brae. Read 
two of the last week's Edinburgh papers. Read also some 
of Arrian. Attended the mason, and wrought a little in 
the garden. Saw Jupiter and Saturn finely through my 
telescope at night. 

Tuesday, September 9th. — Read Arrian to an end. Read 
also part of the miscellaneous collection of Epictetus's 
Fragments from Stobaeus,^etc., wherein are many excellent 
things. Was pretty much in the garden and with the 



* Thomas Nugent (1700-72), miscellaneous writer : LL.D. Aberdeen, 
1765 : translated a number of French books. 

2 Johannes Stobaeus, a native of Stobi, in Macedonia. He was a man 
of extensive reading and compiled a large and valuable collection of 
extracts from the .earlier Greek writers. He is believed to have lived in 
the fifth century, but little is known about him. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 337 

mason. Read also most of July Scots Magazine, which 
was brought here in its way to the town's people. 

Wednesday, September 10th. — Read the Enchiridion. 
Was at Sir Robert's p.m., where I got Dr. Wilson's work on 
the autumnal dysentery,^ and the Fragments of Highland 
poetry. Read them both in the evening. The Doctor's 
writing is still very bad. His physiology seems to be 
tolerable (not a word of Hutchinsonianism, unless perhaps 
lurking for adepts), and his practise very safe and judicious, 
as it is reported to have been very successful for the 
autumns of the two preceding years. The Highland 
Fragments have such descriptions of wild nature in scenes 
and passions as might be expected from the circumstances 
and manners of the remote antiquity to which they are said 
to belong. They are almost all of the lugubre kind, and 
there is little variety in them. 

Thursday, September 11th, — Attended work, and read 
over again Dr. Wilson's Dysentery. Matthew Dysart and 
his son here at tea. Sent Charles for Minna Dawson, who 
came tip in the evening. I intend to carry her to Fishwick 
to-morrow. Her mother set out for Glasgow this morning 
on a very charitable errand ; to attend her niece. Cicely 
Haswell, who, in the midst of strangers, has lost her 
husband lately, and is at the point of lying-in.^ 

Friday, September 12th. — Set out for Fishwick with 
Minna en croupe. Both, I believe, pleased with our 
journey, but it had its alloys. Our horse fell with us, 
and we tumbled off a little this side of Swinton-Mill. 
Happily neither of us hurt, but were obliged to walk forward 



^ Andrew Wilson (1718-92) was the son of Gabriel Wilson, minister of 
Maxton. He practised medicine first in Newcastle and then in London. 
He published several philosophical works anonymously, Hutchesonian in 
views ; amongst other medical works he wrote An Essay on the Autumnal 
Dysentery, 1761. 

2 Cecilia Haswell, Mrs. Dawson's niece, had married John Kennedy, 
merchant, Glasgow. It is stated in the Index to the Glasgow Testaments 
that her husband's testament was confirmed 28th July 1758, but this 
must be a mistake as we know he was alive in September of that year 
(see p. 201). She is described as his relict in 1766, when her testament 
was confirmed [Glasgow Testaments, Scottish Record Society, p. 223) . 

Y 



338 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

to the village to get the girth mended. Probably with this 
toss, a bundle Mina carried amongst her petticoats was 
loosened and she dropt it somewhere on the road, but did 
not miss it till we got to Fishwick. Sent immediately a 
man to see for it, but it was not to be found. Found my 
sister more languid than I expected. Philip is well enough, 
but somewhat thinned by a cold. Mr. Waite was there, 
and in the afternoon, Billy Temple and Sally, Mrs. Nicholson 
and her daughter were at tea. 

Saturday, September 13th. — Came home in the evening. 
Enquired at Swinton, Swinton-Mill, and Leetholm about 
Minna Dawson's bundle, but got no intelligence of it. 
After I came home, dozed, and did something for to-morrow, 

Munday, September 15th. — Got my corn and hay led in, 
to which the rain was so little, as to be no hindrance. I 
was at Home, seeing sick. Several fevers among the 
poorest people. They are short, somewhat putrid, and 
return 2 or 3 times. John Sked here at dinner and tea. 
He brought us an account that Mina Dawson's bundle 
had been got by the gardener of Eccles. We overtook 
him in going down, at the W. end of Swintoun, and he 
had observed a shepherd boy take up something from the 
road and carry it off. I met with him in riding home, and 
told him of what we had lost. He concluded the boy had 
got it, found him as he came along, and got it from him 
for a shilling. This is lucky enough. Evening, look'd 
to the book on the widows' fund. 

Tuesday, September 16th. — Dr. Miller called here, and 
Dr. Gibson spoke of some asafoetida pills for my mother. 
They once did her good, and may be tried again. Gathered 
some of the flowers of the white lamium to send to my 
sister. Miller, the author of the Botan. Offic.^ speaks 
of them with some commendation, and they are a great 
remedy among the country people. Read over again 
some of the Highland Fragments, ^ which are certainly 



^ Catalogus Plantarum officinalium quae in Horto Botanico Chelseyano 
aluntur, by Philip Miller, 1730. 

2 This was James Macpherson's Fragments of Ancient Poetry collected 
in the Highlands^ which had j ust been published that year. Their authen- 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 339 

very great originals. Read most of Swift's Letters published 
in the Edinburgh Edition of his works. Most of them are 
to Dr. Sheridan. Slept on Arrian, 

Wednesday, September 17th. — Read also some of Swift, 
and in the evening, look'd to my small collection of law 
about the power of Presbyteries with regard to building 
or repairing ministers' manses, from which I learned 
nothing. Was in the afternoon at Chry Hoy's burial. 
It went to Eccles, but I turned off with Mr, Pollock to 
Harper-town, where John Dawson has been very ill of a 
sort of dropsical complaint, attended by a stoppage of 
urine. He is a good deal better. I drank tea there. 

Thursday, September 18th. — Went to a Presbytery at 
Kelso appointed for revising minutes, and the register- 
book for widows, and also to converse with the heritors 
of Kelso about Mr. Lundy's manse. The last-named 
part of our business took up all our time. W. Ker and T. 
Turner were delegates from the heritors to attend us, and 
their instructions were to support the plan that is executing, 
to which we heard Mr. Lundy's objections, and also his 
further demands. We also called workmen to make an 
estimate of the expense of the proposed additions which 
amounted to near £70, but might probably be executed 
for [£]50. The delegates would agree to nothing, but 
promised to report the estimate and Mr. Lundy's demands 
to a meeting of heritors. Ker attacked Lundy rudely 
and repeatedly, and provoked him at last to make returns 
very contrary to his temper and confirmed habits. Robert 
Turnbull supported Lundy with passion, and I thought 
myself also obliged to do it, tho' loth to begin, but kept 
my temper tolerably. The consequence was much dis- 
agreeable altercation, which ended in Ker's retiring in a 
pet. Called at Mr. Pollock's in the forenoon, but was 
nowhere else. Came home in the evening. Read a little 
of Swift and Epictetus. 

Friday, September 19th. — Went to the burial of Nicol 



ticity was a matter of much controversy at the time, and it is probable 
that they owed their form largely to Macpherson himself. 



340 i3IARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

Wilson's daughter who died on Wednesday, and was 
buried at Nenthorn. In riding to Home afterwards, rode 
part of the way with Sir Robert and had some talk with 
him about the Major's affair. He told me what I had 
heard before, but could scarce credit, that Lord Kaims, 
so far as he knew, was the first who proposed his son for 
candidate. He told me also, which I thought strange, 
that it was yet uncertain what Sir J. Hall would do in 
this matter. I had heard long ago, that Sir John had had 
an offer made him of Lord Home's interest for himself as 
a candidate, which, it seems, makes him hesitate about 
concurring with the Major. Such a competition, or the 
appearance of it, is very unhappy. Sir Robert told me 
that he himself was never fond of this project, that he is 
incapable of giving the least assistance in it by asking any 
one man for his vote or interest ; mentioned also the 
certainty of the expense attending it. Went to Home 
to see sick and to make a man's testament who is in a 
third relapse of the fever that is pretty frequent there, 
and most so among the poorest people. Did not get home 
till 4 p.m. Read a last week's Edinburgh paper, and 
some of Tyrrel's English History, also some of Arrian, 

Saturday, September 20th. — Corrected Miss Carter's 
Epictetus according to the printed errata. Learned that 
Major Pringle came home before dinner, sooner, I believe, 
than expected. 

Munday, September 22nd. — Read in the original of 
Arrian, great part of the excellent chapter on Liberty, 
in the beginning of Book 4, comparing it with the trans- 
lation which is one of the most elegant and agreeable for 
a close and literal one, that I have met with. Corrected 
also what I had not corrected before. At night, read some 
of Quintilian's 10th book, where he gives the characters of 
the antient Greek poets, equally remarkable for truth of 
judgment and tone, and beauty of expression. Drank tea 
at Sir Robert's p.m., but Sir Robert and the Major had 
gone to Mellerstain. The Major does not expect to be 
long in the country. * 

Tuesday, September 2^rd, — Went to Sprowstoun to revise 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 841 

minutes, along with Messrs Turnbull, Pollock, and Lundy. 
Lundy is gone to Lothian. Went over the few minutes 
we had. Came home in the evening. Mr. Pollock told 
me that his daughter Mrs. O'Brien, quondam Alie, arrived 
at Kelso on Saturday night. It looks too likely that 
she will stay there, which is better than being turned on 
the town. The histories about her husband grow more 
and more strange. 

Wednesday, September 24^/i. — At Oxmuir and Home a.m. 
seeing sick. The fever still continues among the poor 
people, and many of them have relapses. Gathered some 
more flowers of the lamium album for my sister, and 
attended the masons rebuilding the barn gavel. Got Sir 
Robert's mason to help the old man with that part of the 
work. Evening, read almost all the August Review. 
Slept on Quintilian. 

Friday, September 26th.- — Clouds and sun, breeze W. 
some little showers. Forenoon, chiefly attended workmen. 
In the afternoon, Philip, Nancy, and I went to Kelso, 
chiefly to see Aly Pollock. Robert Turnbull and Glen 
had been giving a strange account of her odd cit airs, but 
she behaved decently enough to-day. She seems to be 
with child, is drest oddly, and looks but very indifferently. 
Her match has an extremely suspicious appearance, but 
the poor creature herself seems to have no fears about it. 
Walked over tt) Maxwell-heugh to see Mr. Lundy's sisters, 
and he, himself, arrived just a little after us. He has 
been in East Lothian, where his friends have confirmed him 
in all his discontents about his manse. He seems now 
resolved to enter into a Law-plea, if he cannot otherwise 
obtain redress. Came home about 9. 

Saturday, September 27th. — Attended the workmen who 
finished to-day the harUng, etc., of the house and office- 
houses. They have not wrought in so bad a day. Philip 
left us after dinner, and Will went away early in the 
morning, to attend the burial of a man of his parish. 

Munday, September 29th. — Was at Oxmuir, seeing W. 
Dickson, who grows very weak, and at Home, seeing sick, 
and attending a meeting about the poor. Evening and 



342 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

night read two books of Apuleius's Metamorphoses, Have 
long resolved to go through this author. 

Wednesday, October 1st. — Read Apuleius. Doctor Miller 
here at dinner and tea. He was assisting a woman in the 
town in labour. Got a letter from Ephraim Nealson 
enclosed in one from Mr. Waite, in the morning. Ephraim 
was at London on the 17th of September, and is as happy 
as he could wish in the family where he is employed. He 
writes me of a particular friend of his and Dr. Grieve' s, 
a vinegar merchant, who is soon to be at Berwick, and 
whom he would wish me to see. 

Thursday, October 2nd. — Went to Smallholm to see 
Duncan, but not finding him at home, rode down to 
Makerston. The minister not at home. Dined and drank 
tea with the Colonel who, with his lady, had just returned 
from Minto. A gentleman of the name of Dundas, who 
had been in the army, is staying there, and is a sort of 
connoisseur in agriculture, which was the chief subject of 
our conversation. Evening and night, dozed, and read 
Apuleius. 

Friday, October Srd. — Finished Apuleius's Golden Ass, 
a whimsical title of a no less whimsical work. It is re- 
markable for a luxuriancy, both of fancy and expression, 
and a very useful moral allegory appears in the principal 
story, as well as in some of the episodes. It abounds with 
strong and glowing descriptions, some of them of the 
amorous kind, which have perhaps helped to preserve this 
work entire, while many others, and probably more useful, 
of the same author have been lost. There is a multitude 
of odd words and phrases in it, which, together with many 
corruptions in the text, render it in many places obscure, 
in several unintelligible. Some of the difficult places are 
cleared in the notes by Colvius subjoined to the edition 
I have, but many he has past by, without so much as 
attempting to explain them. Got the Philosophical Trans- 
actions for 1758 from the library, and read a little of them. 

Saturday, October Mh. — Revised some of Apuleius, and 
wrought a while in the garden, cropping the hornbeam 
hedge. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 343 

Tuesday, October 7th. — Went to the Presbytery, where 
we had a long answer from the Kelso heritors, relating to 
Mr. Lundy's manse, in which they are such fools as to 
complain to the Presbytery of Mr. Lundy's abusing and 
insulting their delegate Ker. In answer to this, we agreed 
to transmit a proposal of Lundy's to heighten the upper 
story of the manse at his own expence, giving our opinion 
along with it, that it would contribute much to the con- 
veniency of the house. Dawson of Stow at the Presbytery, 
and J. Aitchison came just when we were about to part, 
in the afternoon. Sate with him till the darkening. Had 
called at Mr. Pollock's in the forenoon, where Bell is come 
home. Evening, read last week's Edinburgh papers, and 
some of the Philosophical Transactions. 

Wednesday, October Sth. — Attended Thomas Underwood 
plaistering the N.E. room, and read Philosophical Trans- 
actions. Saw Sir Robert Pringle passing through the 
town, and asked him the news of the Head Court at 
Greenlaw yesterday. He told me that Lord Nisbet had 
proposed the Major as a proper person for the County to 
unite in forgetting their former differences : upon which 
both Newton and Ker declared their resolution to con- 
tinue to stand and to persist in their sol li citations. Slept 
on a bit of Terence. 

Thursday, October 9th. — Afternoon, at Sir Robert's, 
where were Lady Margaret Hume, young Hamilton, and 
Murray of Powmaise,^ with their governour Dr. Robert- 
son. The major went to Edinburgh yesterday, and is not 
to be at home again these 10 days, but will be in the 
country till the election be over. So much company 
being there, hindered my getting any particulars about his 
affair. Will came in the evening, and is to stay here while 
I am on a jaunt east the country. 

Friday, October 10th. — Set out about 10, and reached 
Allan-bank betwixt 1 and 2. Found Sir John at home 
and Lord Nisbet and Niddry ^ there. Had abundance of 



^ Probably William Murray who succeeded to Polmaise in 1758.- 
'•^ That is, Andrew Wauchope of Niddry Marischal. 



344 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1^60 

conversation, chiefly on agriculture and politicks, in the 
course of which Niddry showed acuteness, sense, and far 
more learning than is common among gentlemen. Rode 
over to Fishwick, where I arrived towards darkening. 
Found my sister much better than I have hitherto seen her. 

Saturday, October llth. — Willy Temple came to dine 
with us, and I rode down with him to Berwick in the 
evening. Was detained by my horse having strayed, so 
that I had but little time to spend with Beaufoy, Ephraim's 
friend, who had come to Tweedmouth pretty early in the 
afternoon. Went over to Tweedmouth to him betwixt 
8 and 9, where Mr. Waite was with him. He is a man of 
a very agreeable figure, and very good conversation, and 
I regretted much that I had had so little of his company. 

Munday, October ISth. — Blowing from W., especially at 
night, and rainy. Rode to Berwick with Philip in the 
forenoon, and dined in Mr. Waite's. Drank tea p.m. at 
Aunt Balderstone's, who is looking very fresh and well. 
Henry there, their new minister, ^ a very sensible man. 
Went afterwards to Campbell's, and saw Gardiner there, 
who preached yesterday in the Low Meeting for the first 
time. He is not likely to please, chiefly for want of voice. 
'Tis a pity, for he has the appearance of a man of honesty 
and good dispositions. He has been recommended to the 
people of that meeting by Dr. Chandler, and in the view 
of settling at Berwick, has given up his congregation at 
Marlborough, where he has been settled several years. 

Tuesday, October lUh. — Din'd at Mr. Waite's. Mr. Allan 



^ Robert Henry, son of James Henry, farmer, Muirton, St. Ninians : 
after being Master of the Grammar School at Annan was ordained minister 
of the Presbyterian Congregation at Carhsle 1748 : became minister of the 
High Meeting House, Berwick, 13th August 1760 : he was translated to 
New Greyfriars, Edinburgh, 1768: D.D. Edinburgh 1770: Moderator of 
General Assembly 1774 : translated to Old Kirk Parish, Edinburgh, 1776 : 
died 1781. He married within three years of his entry Ann Balderston, 
who was probably a cousin of Ridpath. The latter must have found the 
new minister a kindred soul, as he is now chiefly remembered as the author 
of a History of Great Britain, in six volumes (the last published posthu- 
mously under the editorship of Sir Henry Moncreiff Wellwood) which 
went through five editions and was translated into French. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 345 

came to us before dinner. Drank tea in Henry's where 
we again met with Gardiner. Campbell also there, were 
very hearty. Gardiner seems greatly amazed at Camp- 
bell's buffooneries. Supp'd in Dr. Balderstone's whose 
father-in-law, Mr. J. Watson, died last Sunday, and is 
to be buried to-morrow. His disease was the palsy, under 
which he has laboured several weeks. 

Wednesday, October 15th. — Philip, James Allan and I 
dined in Mr. Temple's. Philip and I called at Mr. Watson's 
a.m., and sate near an hour. He was hearty and discreet 
enough. Attended Jos. Watson's funeral p.m., an honest, 
well-meaning man, 'but as changeable and liable to be 
imposed on as most women. His help in procuring my 
settlement here by his interest with Lord Barrington^ was 
of no small importance. James Allan went home in the 
evening. Drank tea in Mrs. Nicholson's, and W. Temple 
came down and sate the evening with us in Mr. Waite's, 
where we had a great doze of the best and largest oysters 
I remember to have seen. 

Thursday, October 16th, — Din'd in S. Stanton's, and 
drank tea in Mr. Chisholm's. He, with Mrs. Turner and 
his daughter, have gone this week to Edinburgh, where 
Mrs. Turner would needs be, to see her brother Jamy. 
Sate the evening in Dr. Balderstone's, who is always 
friendly and good. 

Friday, October 17th. — Call'd at Mr. Temple's, to bid 
farewell to his son who is a very agreeable, promising, young 
man, virtuous, industrious, and very good-natured. Came 
out to Fishwick to dine. Left Fishwick after 3, and got 
home after 6. Dozed most of the night, and looked a little 
to something for to-morrow. Will set out for Edrom this 
afternoon. 

Saturday, October 18th. — Aly Stevenson came over here 
in the forenoon, and is to stay 2 or 3 nights with Nancy. 



1 William Wildman Barrington Shute, Viscount Barrington of Ardglass 
in the Peerage of Ireland. He was M.P. for Berwick in 1743, and as the 
presentation to Stitchel seems to have been jointly executed by the Crown 
and Lord Home, he would have considerable influence in getting Ridpath 
appointed. 



346 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

Sunday, October 19th, — Went to the burial of John 
Dawson of Harper-town, who died on Friday morning ; 
a very worthy, useful man in his station. Thence went 
forward to Kelso, and got there about 12. Preached a 
good while in the school. Messrs. Pollock, Robert Turn- 
bull, M'Dougall, fellow-assistants. John Aitchison also 
there in his way homewards from Morpeth, and James 
Turnbull came and preached in the school in the afternoon. 
I staid in Dr. Gibson's all night. 

Munday, October 20th. — At Kelso till the evening. 
Messrs. Robert Turnbull and Chatto preached. Had our 
presbytery for privy censures, and gave orders to execute 
a charge of horning against the Ednam heritors for repairing 
Mr. Pollock's manse, which, by the negligence of our agent, 
has been too long delayed. Sate till past 8 at Mr. Pollock's 
waiting for the newspapers which brought no mail. Slept 
on the August magazine. 

Tuesday, October 21st. — Aly Stevenson left us in the 
afternoon. The lad Davidson of Sprowston, who is to 
enter on tryals after the Synod, and is said to be her spark, 
came to walk home with her. 

Wednesday, October 22nd. — Read over again several 
articles in the Philosophical Transactions for 1758, and made 
up an account of the expences of the farther repairs that 
have been made this year in manse and office-houses for 
which the heritors are still my debtors. Thought at night 
of an address from the Synod to His Majesty, on the suc- 
cesses of the campaign. 

Thursday, October 23rd. — Went on invitation to dine at 
Sir Robert's. Sate till after tea. Nobody but themselves, 
with the Major, who returned from an expedition to Edin- 
burgh, etc., on Tuesday night last. He was rather dull, 
partly from his not having been quite well. Our principal 
subjects were Ireland and the Army. Scarce learned any- 
thing from him about his election affair. 

Friday, October 2Uh. — Afternoon, went to Wm. Dickson's 
burial, the throngest, notwithstanding the badness of the 
day, that I have seen, a very proper return on the part of 
his friends and neighbours to a man who wished them all 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 347 

well, and lived amongst them a long and very inoffensive 
life. Saw Messrs. John Hume and Dysart at the funeral. 
Did not stop at Greenlaw, however, longer than the inter- 
ment, and came home betwixt 5 and 6. Slept on Apu- 
leius's Apology, 

Saturday, October 25th. — Prepared for to-morrow. 
Wrought some in the garden, and read more of Apuleius's 
first Apology, where there are some very good and very 
curious things. 

Munday, October 27th. — Read some of Philosophical 
Transactions and of Epictetus. Saw in the afternoon, 
Robert White's people at Runningburn, who are in great 
distress, by a bad, tedious fever. Evening, read the 
account in the Bibl. Rais. of Pococke's description of the 
East.^ The extract of what relates to Egypt is a very 
good one, and is improved by some things taken from 
other authors. Slept on a bit of Cicero. Wrought some, 
in the forenoon, on a Synodical address, but was not pleased 
with it. However, it may afford elements, if anything of 
that kind is proposed. 

Tuesday, October 28th. — Did not set out for the Synod 
till past 12, yet got soon enough to hear most of Dickson's 
sermon, which had some very good things in it. Cupples 
chosen Moderator. In the afternoon sederunt, had the 
schoolmaster of Jedburgh before us for going to hear 
Boston. It was brought to us by a prosecution of the 
heritors and an appeal from the Presbytery for not giving 
a speedy enough decision. Upon his declaring his resolu- 
tion to obey what the Synod should enjoin, and expressing 
his regret for the trouble he had given the Presbytery, he 
was appointed to attend henceforth ordinances regularly 
in his parish-church, and to give no countenance to schism, 
and the Presbytery charged to report concerning his 
obedience. Was in Waldie's at night with a great 



1 Richard Pococke (1704-65), celebrated traveller: visited Egypt and 
the Near East 1737-40, and published an account of his travels 1743-45 : 
the pioneer of Alpine exploration: Bishop of Ossory 1756-65 : Bishop of 
Meath 1765. See biographical sketch prefixed to his Travels in Scotland, 
Scottish History Society, ist ser., vol. i. 



348 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

company, in which we were very gay. Lodged there all 
night. 

Wednesday, October 29th. — Agreed in the forenoon dyet 
to apply to the Commission for their help in obtaining 
relief from the prosecution for payment of the window tax. 
This was occasioned by John Home, the Mers collector's 
proceeding to extremities lately against Monteith, who 
thereupon went to the Chief Baron with a petition from 
his Presbytery for his protection. The Baron exprest 
great friendship, and impowered Dr. Blair to write to 
Lord Kaims assuring him that his brother should incur 
no danger by delaying execution. This saves Monteith, 
and the rest of the Mers clergy for a time, but the Baron 
further advised that the church should take some publick 
steps in order to obtain relief; and to engage the Commission 
to this, was the purpose of our application. Cupples was 
appointed to correspond with the Synod of Lothian to ask 
their concurrence with us in it.^ Din'd in Dr. Miller's 
with a pretty large company, where was James Wood, and 
a good deal of mirth. Drank tea along with Robert 
Turnbull in Mrs. Walker's. Sate till near 11 in Wood's, 
very jovial, and came home with James Allan. Will had 
come up in the afternoon. Philip staid, not being perfectly 
well. Heard while in the Synod a.m. an account of the 
death of the good old King, which had come to Edinburgh 
yesterday and was confirmed at night in the papers. He 
died suddenly after drinking his chocolate last Saturday 
morning. A most excellent prince, who has left the world 
ripe in years, in the entire possession of the hearts of his 
people, and at the highest pitch of glory and prosperity. 
These things, joined to his having little felt the infirmities 
of age, and going off without a struggle, make as complete 
an euthanasia as could well be wish'd for. 

Friday, October Slst. — Monteith, from Newton where 
he had been all night, breakfasted with us. Will set out 



^ Much information about the incidence of the Window Tax is to be 
found in Carlyle's Autobiography: he paid many visits to London in 
connection with it, but it was not finally settled till 1782. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 349 

along with him about 11, to dine at Greenlaw in their way 
homewards. Will has had a cold and cough for some time, 
and we would have had him to stay here till he got quit of 
it, but he was obstinate to be away. Philip staid all day. 
Miss Pringle called, and sate a while about mid-day, and 
W. Stevenson drank tea. Look'd into some things in the 
magazines, and found in the debate about the settlement 
made on the demise of the late Prince of Wales, an Act of 
the 8th of King William, the present, or last Parliament 
if in the time of the Dissolution of Parliament, are im- 
powered to meet on the death of the King, and to sit 
6 moneths, if not prorogued or dissolved. This we had 
heard of before, from Willy Home yesterday, and from 
Miss Pringle to-day. Got McKenzie's History of Health ^ 
from the library, and look'd a little into it. 

Munday, November Srd. — Went to Eccles, where Philip 
met me from Coldstream. He preached there yesterday 
for Wilson, who has been very unwell, but is growing 
better. Nobody at home at Eccles but Mrs. Dysart and 
Fanny. 2 Came home in the evening. T. Dudgeon here. 
Slept on Apuieius's encomium of poverty, in his Apologia 
Prima, 

Wednesday, November 5th. — James Allan and I break- 
fasted at Sir Robert Pringle's, where the Major arrived 
just as we were coming away. He had not been at home 
for almost a fortnight before. James Allan went away, 
and I walked down to Kelso. Had no presbytery business 
of any consequence. Had our library meeting at night, 
which was more numerous than ever I saw it. Settled our 
accounts. Found about £12 due of arrears, which will 
be almost all good money, and will probably be soon got. 
Had a great deal of work fixing what we should contribute 
for the future, our original contract being expired to-day. 
At last all present except one, subscribed a paper obliging 
themselves to continue the same contribution of 10 



1 James Mackenzie, physician (1680-1761), published in 1758 The 
History of Health and the Art of Preserving it. 

2 Fanny Dysart, the youngest daughter of the minister of Eccles, 
married, 1786, Walter Home, Major 42nd Regt. : died 1800. 



350 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

shillings yearly for ten years to come ; but a minute was 
made declaring that this invalidated no former obligation 
for perpetuating and supporting the library, and was to 
have no effect unless all the proprietors concurred. A 
motion was made to lend out the books for half a crown 
a quarter, which would have produced a good deal of money 
and would have made it less necessary for the present 
proprietors to have paid more than a crown, but almost 
all were against this project. Gave a commission for 
several new books. I was desired to prepare a catalogue 
for printing. Staid in Mrs. Walker's with Andrew 
Chatto. 

Thursday, November 6th. — Breakfasted in Mrs. . 
Walker's. Called at Mr. Pollock's and at Mrs. Daw- 
son's, who came home from the W. country on 
Saturday. Mina came here yesterday afternoon just as 
I was coming out along with Matthew Dysart and T. 
McDougall from calling at her mamma's. . . . Looked to 
some of their drugs this forenoon, but know not their 
value, or the condition they are in. Came home before 
dinner. P.m. and evening, dozed, and read Baudier's 
Life of Margaret of Anjou, translated from a French MS.^ 
It is no contemptible work, and is intertaining by the very 
various events of that unhappy Civil War in which that 
dame made so considerable a figure. Last night's papers 
have no mail nor anything remarkable, but a very elegant 
Latin inscription in honour of Mr. Pitt engraved on tin 
plates, placed below the first stone of the Black Fryar's 
Bridge, which was laid by the Lord Mayor on the last of 
October. A stronger expression of publick gratitude has 
scarce been made to any man than that inscription con- 
tains to Mr. Pitt. 

Friday, November 7th, — Philip went away after dinner. 
I read McKenzie's History of Health, a work that discovers 
a great deal both of learning and sense. The language also 



^ History oj the Memorable and Extraordinary Adventures of Margaret of 
Anjou, Queen of England, translated out of the Original MS. With a Preface 
by T. Carte (Michael Baudier), London, 1737. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 351 

is simple, natural, and accurate, well adapted to such a 
work, and both matter and manner are strongly express 
sive of the character of a wise and candid old man. 

Saturday, November 8th. — Read some of Dr. McKenzie 
over again. Got in the evening from Thomas Underwood 
an account of his work about the house and office-houses, 
in order to compleat the account to be given to the heritors. 
Got the papers in the evening. The most remarkable 
thing in them is a proclamation of His Majesty, against 
impiety and immorality, where gaming on Sundays either 
publickly or privately is forbid, and attendance on publick 
worship enjoined, and officers in the Army and Navy 
required to live regularly themselves, and to watch over 
the conduct of all who are under their command. It has 
been often said that the King was Methodistically inclined. 
Perhaps this will strengthen the suspicion. However, the 
effort is most laudable to revive impressions of virtue and 
piety, and the decent profession of them by the authority 
and example of the Chief Magistrate. Particular notice 
is taken in this proclamation that a regular behaviour in 
these respects will be expected of all about the Court and 
His Majesty's person. There is an account of the dissec- 
tion of the body of the late King, where all was sound, 
except the heart, whose right ventricle was burst, and 
more than a pint of clotted blood in the pericardium. 
Nothing is oftener spoken of than burst and broken hearts, 
but I do not remember to have heard before of the thing's 
actually happening. It is said, and is rather probable 
than otherwise, that His Majesty had heard of the late 
misfortunes of the King of Prussia and of the miscarriage 
of the Hereditary Prince, altho' they were not publickly 
known till after his death. Perhaps the succession of 
deep anxiety and concern that these reverses could not 
fail to produce, to the full tide of joy arising from the 
reduction of Canada, the first successes of the Hereditarv 
Prince, and the prosperous way the King of Prussia also 
seemed to be in, were too violent to be bore by the honest 
old heart of our late worthy Monarch. The resistance 
also to the course of the vital fluid increased by the wet 



352 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

and cold season, to which His Majesty was more than 
enough exposed in the reviews he made a few days before 
his death, would also contribute its part to overstrain the 
great organ of circulation. It is probable that this is 
not the single heart that has been broke by the many 
calamitous events and sudden reverses of the present 
war. 

Munday, November 10th. — Read over again some of 
Mackenzie, and being carried by his account of the Schola 
Salernitana to look into it, read over all the text and some 
of the Commentary of Arnoldus de Villa Nova.^ The text 
is thorough-barbarous, as might be expected from the age, 
nor is there much to be learned from it ; but there are 
many good things in the Commentary, and particularly 
several valuable extracts from the writings of Galen, 
whom McKenzie recommends as one of the best writers 
yet extant on the subject of health and aliment. 

Tuesday, November 11th. — Blowing from N.E. Hazy 
and small rain all day. Very heavy through the last 
night. Waters flooded very high. No such fall of rain 
this long time.^ Read to the end of McKenzie's History 
of Health a second time. Was in the town and at 
Running-Burn, seeing sick. All Robert Whytt's family 
have had or have a fever, which in some of them, par- 
ticularly his wife and eldest son, has been very tedious 
and obstinate. Slept on Syrus's Sententiae^ at the end 
of the Edinburgh Phaedrus, many of which are extremely 
good. 

Wednesday, November 12th. — Waters still very high. 



* Arnaldus de Villa Nova, a celebrated doctor and alchemist, born about 
1240. The book which Ridpath read was probably one of the numerous 
editions of the Regimen Sanitatis Salernitano (the School of Salerno). 

* Marginal note says : — Melrose Bridge destroyed, also Whitewater 
lower bridge. 

* These were a collection of pithy and moral sayings, extending to up- 
wards of a thousand lines in Iambic and Trochaic measures, pubhshed 
under the title of Puhlii Syri Sententiae. Syrus was a slave brought to 
Rome some years before the downfall of the Republic ; he was an accom- 
plished and witty poet. But though he may have contributed to them, 
the apothegms are evidently the work of many hands. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 353 

tho' considerably fallen. Read variously ; the conclusion 
of Mead's Monita, Boorhaave's Hygieine,^ and a good deal 
of the Schola Salernitana. Got last newspapers at night, 
where is an account of the ceremonial of his late Majesty's 
funeral, which was to be last night, and would happen in 
the middle of a great tempest, if the weather was such 
there as here. 

Thursday, November ISth. — ^Read two of last week's 
Edinburgh papers, and made out a new draught of the 
account of the repairs of office-houses and manse, with 
some abatements in articles that were not so clearly fixt 
as they might have been at the heritors' meeting, reducing 
it by this means 12 or 13 shillings lower. Went to Sir 
Robert's with Nancy p.m., and showed him the account, 
which he very readily approved of, and on a very superficial 
view. Could I have foreseen the temper he was in, I 
might have saved myself these 12 or 13 shillings, which 
would have been something to me, without any sort of 
injustice to the heritors, being money laid out on things 
useful and material to the manse, for the repairs of which, 
had I used the legal methods, I might have got three times 
the sum it has cost them. But I would rather be 10 times 
more out of pocket, poor as I am, than risque any mis- 
understanding with so worthy a man and so good a 
neighbour as Sir Robert. In the evening, calculated the 
proportions payable by the several heritors, including the 
expence of what yet remains to be done as estimated by 
Thomas Underwood, which, to prevent any further 
trouble. Sir Robert was satisfied should be done. Slept on 
Apuleius's Apologia Prima, where there is a very copious 
and lively, tho' rough eloquence, along with a great dis- 
play of knowledge. 

Friday, November 14tth. — Wrought more on the account 
of repairs, and wrote a letter to Hunter for what he is due 
for Lord Home and himself. Read some of the 4th volume 



1 Hermann Boerhaave (1668-1738), the most celebrated physician of the 
eighteenth century, and Professor at Leyden. I do not know which of his 
numerous works Ridpath indicates under the title of Hygieine. The word 
does not occur in any list I have seen. 

Z 



354 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

of Keysler's travels,^ which I got from the Hbrary. This 
volume is wholly on places in Germany. Major Pringle 
called in the forenoon, and sate a while, in his way home 
from Eccles, where he had been all last night, I rode to 
Oxmuir in the afternoon, to see the widow, but she was 
gone to Kelso. 

Saturday, November loth. — Saw some sick people in the 
town, and read more of Keysler's travels, which have 
several curious enough things in them. The proportion 
he speaks of, of Jews in Prague, is amazing, no fewer than 
50,000 to 70,000 Christians. 

Munday, November 17th, — Was two hours in the garden, 
pruning the hedges and limes. Mrs. Pollock here seeing 
us at dinner, and till the evening. Read Keysler in the 
evening. He gives a long account of Nuremberg, which 
is still a very noble place. Sent Charles in the evening 
to Kelso to get accounts of Philip. Mr. Waite had not 
had [news] any later than Saturday, when he was still 
a good deal distrest. 

Tuesday, November 18th. — Most of the day read news- 
papers. The author of the Whitehall Evening Post is such 
a fool as to give only very imperfect scraps of bad news, 
so that the Edinburgh Mercury is a very necessary supple- 
ment to it. Read the Scots (August) Magazine, which 
I got from Robert Aymers, and where there are some very 
good things. Slept on Apuleius. 

Wednesday, November 19th. — Read to the end of the 
4th volume of Keysler, which ends with an account of 
Lorrain and its court, as matters stood in 1731. There is 
abundance of rubbish in this work of Keysler's, tho' a 
good many valuable things may be learned from it. He 
speaks of Mannheim, the residence of the Elector Palatine, 
as one of the strongest places in Europe, and also makes 
the revenue of this Prince very considerable. What he 
has on the Upper and Lower Rhine amounts to more than 
£200,000, besides some other dominions. Finished at 
night, Apuleius's Apologia Secunda. Had a letter from 



^ See p. 142, n. i. 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 355 

Will by way of Duns Fair, which was yesterday, where he 
says that PhiUp was much better on Munday, when he 
left him. This, together with the storminess of the 
weather, hinders me from going to see him, unless I hear 
any other accounts by to-night's post. 

Thursday, November 20th. — Saw sick in the town a.m. 
and shaved. P.m. saw sick at Home, and drank tea in 
W. Stevenson's, who is somewhat distrest with his sciatica. 
Read at night, almost the two first books of Apuleius's 
Florida, which is a miscellaneous collection of Flores 
Orationis, or rather Orationum, delivered on different 
occasions. 

Friday, November 21st. — Aly Stevenson came before 
dinner. Her uncle set out for Edinburgh last Munday, 
along with Mr. Lundy, who had only been 3 or 4 days at 
home from a fortnight's peregrination. Rode to Kelso 
after dinner, and took an account of the books received 
into the library since the catalogue was made last year, 
and got an account of last commission from John Waldie, 
so as to make the catalogue compleat which I am going to 
prepare for the press. Drank tea at Mr. Pollock's, where 
Mrs. O'Bryan is looking much better on 't. She speaks of 
hearing from her husband, and seems to be in very good 
spirits. Mr. Pollock had seen somebody from Edinburgh, 
who told him that Professor Hamilton and Dr. Kav ^' 
were appointed commissioners from the church to con- 
gratulate His Majesty, along with these Jardine, Webster, 
and G. Wiseheart.^ Sate a good while with Mrs. Dawson. 
Came home about 9. Read at night, some of the September 
Review which begins with an account of G. Wallace's 
system of Scots law, and speaks of it in very favorable 
terms. Gives also a few very good specimens of it, and 
criticizes some things in it with sense and candor. The 
Scots (September) Magazine which I also brought up with 
me, gives the article in the Critical Review relating to the 



1 George Kay, minister of Old Grey friars 1754-66. He was Moderator 
of the General Assembly 1759. 

2 George Wiseheart or Wishart, minister of the Tron, Edinburgh, in 
which parish he succeeded his father in 1730. 



356 DLAJRY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

same work, which is much shorter, but not less favorable 
than the other. This first volume contains only a fourth 
part of the whole plan. 

Sunday, Xovember 2Srd. — Heard from Philip, who is 
easier, tho' far, he says, from being well. I must see him, 
if possible, this week. 

Munday, Xovember 24:th. — Read what I had not read 
before of the Scots (September; Magazine, which was 
chiefly a pretty long account of Dr. Storck's ^ Treatise on 
Hemlock, which has had most surprising effects in dis- 
cussing scirrhuses and curing cancers. Rest of the 
day, employed on the hbrary catalogue, which 1 compleated 
to the present time, and began a transcript of it reduced 
into proper order for the press. 

Tuesday, Xovember 25th. — W. Stevenson called a while 
about mid-day, and saw the King's speech and news. I 
was in the glebe some time p.m., where I have scarce been 
these 2 months. Evening and night, wrought on the 
library catalogue. 

Wednesday, Xovember 26th. — Rode do^^Ti to Fishwdck 
through very dirty and in some places, very deep roads. 
Found Cupples TiN-ith him [Philip] and Will. The former 
staid till after supp)er, and the latter all night. 

Thursday, Xovember 27ih. — Rode over \\dth Will to 
Edrom to see his new house, which is really very neat 
and well built and of excellent materials. The work of 
the ofi&ce-houses seems also to be very well, but the 
materials not so good, being the stones of the old manse. 
Returned to Fishwick in the evening, where I had some 
conversation ^-ith Philip about a very interesting affair, 
and in which it is not easy to come to a right determination. 

Friday, Xovember 2Sth. — Rode to Berwick before dinner 
through a very bad road, the turnpike, in many places, 
being almost wholly obliterated. Dined in Mr. Waite's. 
Dr. Doubleday came there to tea and staid to sup. Ben 
Grieve was with him, and sate till betwixt 7 and 8. Had a 



1 Anthony Storck or Stork, physician, Vienna. A translation of his 
Essay on the Medicinal Virtues oj Hemlock was published in 1760. 



1760] DL4RY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 357 

long rave with him, and did not spare him as he does 
nobody else. Fomid my sister better, I think, in health 
and looks, than she has been for several years past, and 
Willy also, very well recovered. 

Saturday, Xacember 29ih, — Breakfasted in Dr. Balder- 
stone's, and called at the Mayor's. Set out a little after 11 
and reached Tillmouth after 1, where I found the squire 
on the brink of a fit of the gout. It is floating much 
about his head, and distresses him a good deaL Tet he 
was prettj' good company, and very kind. His son is 
still with him ; detained to vote at the Duriiam ekcticm, 
which is to be the week after next, and where it is not 
probable the father will be able to ^. Din'd and sate 
till 3^. Got home between 6 and 7. Dozed and prepared 
for to-morrow. Aly Stevenson had gc»e away in the 
morning. 

Munday, December \sL — Saw sick in the town ajn. 
Rode pan. to Home on the same errand. A Httle fatigued 
with this work. Wrote receipts to Lord Home and J. 
Hunter for the money for the repairs of the manse, which 
Hunter sent me last week, when I was from hcMne. Also 
made scrolls of minutes of the proceedings of the Presby- 
ter\' about McDwraith. Slept on Sueton., a very judidoos, 
entertaining writer.^ 

Tuesday^ December 2nd. — ^At the Presbytery, ^Hbere 
neither McHwraith nor his harlot appeared. Took the 
first of Davidson's tryak, a homily. Called ajn. at Mr. 
PoUock's. He has got a spitting of bloodL Andrew 
Chatto, a very great stranger, and Robert TumbuH came 
up with me, and staid all night, partly to make a committee 
for revising our minutes with regard to McUwraith, and 
considering what is to be done in this tedious afoir. 

Wednesday, Deeemiber 9rd, — ^In the forenoon, did our 
business about McDwraith. Thought it proper that the 
Session here should enquire what proof the gypsie can 
give of his threatening her. My guests staid all day and 



1 C Snetonhis TraaqioIhiSv a Latin autbor wbo mote Ute lives oi fte 
Caesars in the eady part ojl the aeoond cenimy ajx 



358 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

night, the weather growing very indifferent p.m. Had a 
good deal of agreeable chat. 

Tuesday, December 9th. — Peggy Pringle and Minna 
Dawson came down, and sate a while about mid-day. 
Had the clock cleaned by the mason, whom I attended 
sometimes. Got the first 4 vols, of the Edinburgh Medical 
Essays from the library, and read some of them. Slept 
again on Pliny's Panegyrick. 

Thursday, December 11th. — Was at the burial of the old 
man, Alexander Gray, and seeing sick, before dinner. 
Slept on Apuleius's Asinu^ Auratus. 

Munday, December 15th. — Was at Home a.m. seeing 
sick. Evening read the 2nd part of the 1st book of Plato 
de Legibu^ in Ficinus's Translation. Slept on the Edin- 
burgh Medical Essays. Finished all that I can easily 
read of the first volume. 

Tuesday, December IQlh. — Saw sick in the town a.m., 
and made a bargain for a bee-hive. Read London and 
Edinburgh ne^s. Will came in the evening. Read some 
more of Medical Essays, and slept on the life of Apuleiu^. 

Wednesday, December 17th. — Wrought some in the garden 
sawing branches from trees, etc. Will had a sore fit of 
the tooth-ach, which employed us a considerable part of 
the evening, cooking him. Got September and October 
magazines from Berwick, and read some of them. W^rote 
also at night directions for printing the library catalogue. 
Had a letter from Philip, in which he still complains, 
tho' much better. 

Thursday, December 18th. — Was at Running-burn seeing 
a boy ill of the fever, with worms. Wrought a good while 
in the garden, digging about the root of the old plumb tree, 
etc. Got also the beehive brought and set up. Read some 
more of the London Magazine, and slept on Sueton., a most 
judicious and entertaining memorialist. 

Friday, December 19th. — Wrought some in the garden. 
John Ker dined here in his way home from Edinburgh, 
where he had been seeing his son, distrest with the rheu- 
matism, and carrying in one of his daughters to attend him. 
Read most of what I had read not before of the September 



1760] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 359 

and October London Magazines, and Sueton. at night, on 
the Hfe of Augustus. 

Saturday, December 20th. — Will went away about 1. 
He was not very fit for travelling having a swelled cheek 
remaining from his tooth-ach, tho' he has had 2 nights 
good rest and has been free from pain these 2 days. Had 
an invincible aversion to set out in such weather and 
roads, especially as I could not well have been so near 
Philip without seeing him. I shall be very uneasy and 
angry at myself, if Will be the worse of travelling to-day 
and preaching to-morrow, which I hope, however, he will 
not. 

Tuesday, December 2Srd. — Read most of a MS. of Dr. 
Cullen's lectures on agriculture, which I got last night 
from W. Stevenson. They have been taken but imper- 
fectly, and are written incorrectly.^ Evening, read the 
4th book of Plato de Lcgihiis with much entertainment, 
and at night, read part of the first book of Cicero de Legibus, 

Wednesday, December 2Uh. — Wrought a good deal in 
the garden, cleaning flower-beds, etc. Read more of Dr. 
Cullen's lectures, Plato's 5th book de Legibus, and Cicero's 
first book on the same subject, to an end. This book of 
Cicero's is sore mutilated, but in what is preserved of it, 
there are some very beautiful passages on the universal 
law of nature and reason. 

Thursday, December 25th, — Had the elders counting the 
box, with whjich our accounts agreed very well. Read 
Plato's 6th book de Legibus in which are the laws relating 
to marriage. Read at night some of Tully's Offices, with 
Dr. Pearce's ^ accurate notes. The newspapers have 
scarce anything in them. The King has altered his whole 
list of chaplains, there being 13 new appointed in the 
room of the same number of old. This still looks as if 



1 William Cullen (1710-90), Professor successively of Chemistry, 
Materia Medica, and Theory of Medicine in Edinburgh University. 
These lectures were published after his death in 1798 under the title of 
The substance of some Lectures on Vegetation and Agriculture, delivered 
privately in iy68. 

^ Zachary Pearce (1690-1774), Bishop of Rochester. 



360 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1760 

religion were a serious matter with him. Those who know 
the characters of this new set, will be able to judge of the 
taste in religion that prevails at Court, which I wish may- 
be free of enthusiasm or fanaticism. The name of one 
of the new chaplains is Maddon,^ which is the name of a 
celebrated Hutchinsionan Doctor. I wish the person may 
not be also the same. 

Friday, December 26th, — Read to an end, Cullen's 
lectures, which seem to contain a very good theory, and 
several ingenious and sensible observations. Went up 
to Sir Robert's p.m. Mrs. Pringle has been very unwell 
these 2 or 3 days. It will be no small loss to the family in 
its present state if she should drop. Found the Major 
at home, and saw his calculation of voters, pro and con, 
from which I do not think him over and above secure. 
A writ is at last issued for the Election, which is to be next 
Thursday. Came home betwixt 7 and 8, and brought 
with me the Considerations on the German War,^ which I 
employed the rest of the night in reading. It is a work 
of a good deal of genius and art, and has even not a little 
sense and truth in it ; but is very far from giving a full or 
fair account of the matters in question. {A long criticism 
of the hook follows, hut has heen omitted,] 

Saturday, December 27th. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
saw some sick in the town. Had a long search for a new 
text. 

Munday, December 29th. — Saw sick a.m. W. Davidson 
from Sprouston here at dinner, and staid till 4. He 
seems to have more talents than many of our candidates. 
Evening read Plato's 7th book of Laws, which relates 
chiefly to education, a subject which that truly wise man 
thinks can never be too long dwelt on. His principles 
and general rules on that subject are excellent and in- 
variable, but a great number of the particulars do not 
sute the constitution or manners of any modern state. 



^ Spencer Madan (i 729-1 813), Bishop successively of Bristol and Peter- 
borough : appointed Chaplain in Ordinary to the King, 1761. 

^ Two pamphlets entitled Considerations on the present German War 
were published in London 1760, and gave rise to much controversy. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH ^61 

At night finished what I had not wrote in the larger 
form of my sermon on 2 Corinthians 3. 18, and wrote some 
things into my accounts. 

Tuesday, December 30th. — -Attended the thatcher most 
of the day. W. Stevenson called in the forenoon, and told 
me that it is thought that the party opposite to Major 
Pringle will not appear at Greenlaw on Thursday. Read 
in the evening Plato's 8th book of Laws, and some of 
Cicero's 2nd book on the same subject. 



1761 

Thursday, January IsL — ^Wrought some more on Cullen's 
lectures, and read Plato and Cicero. Dr. Miller break- 
fasted here. Learned about three o'clock that Major 
Pringle was elected without opposition, none of the other 
side having made their appearance. 

Friday, January 2nd. — Rode to Eccles, where I found 
the Clerk, whom I had not seen for a long time, he having 
been at Bath from April to November. He has no com- 
plaints, but is thin. Bess also at home for several weeks, 
and Jean has gone to supply her place at Edinburgh.^ 
Mr. Hume was saying that John continued in the highest 
favour with Lord Bute, being a sort of domestick of his, 
and that the King had taken very particular notice of 
him at some Levee. Certainly, if he is not too hard to 
please, he may be pretty sure of obtaining some handsome 
provision, which he ought to seize the present opportunity 
of obtaining, as the situation of favourites, such as himself 
and patron, is almost always very insecure. Found when 
I came home the proof sheets of the Kelso catalogue, 
which John Waldie had got to-day from Edinburgh. 
Revised them, and had but very few corrections to make. 
Made them ready to return to Waldie to-morrow morning, 
with some written directions about them. Slept on 
Cicero de Legibus. 



^ Bess Dysart married Patrick Smith, and her sister Jean, in 1706, 
David Dickson of AntonhiU. 



362 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

Saturday January 8rd. — Went to breakfast at Sir 
Robert's, in my way to a poor's meeting at Home. Did 
not know if I should have an opportunity to see the Major 
at any other time before he goes away, and wanted also to 
wish him and the rest of the family joy on his success. 
Was invited back to dine. Accordingly went to Home, 
and returned there to dinner. Learned the circumstances 
of the election which I had not heard before. There 
were 48 voters for the Major, 43 of which were in their 
previous calculation which consisted of 46, whereof 3 
were absent. Of the 5 that made the number of 48, one 
would have been neutral, and three on the other side if 
Mr. Renton had appeared, and one accidentally arrived from 
the Army in Germany. It was certainly no good policy 
for Renton not to appear, if he has a mind to keep his 
friends together, and does not intend to give it up for good 
arid all. This would probably be the wisest resolution, 
as the Major's interest evidently appears so strong. James 
Pringle of Rowland, who was at breakfast, said that he 
would engage to defeat the opposite party at any time by 
a majority of 15. This, no doubt, supposes Marchmont 
to continue in place, but tho' he should [go] out, it would 
be no easy work to reduce so great a majority. Came home 
in the evening, and prepared for to-morrow. 

Munday, January 5th. — Much of the day in the garden 
and about the- doors. Saw also some sick in the town. 
Evening and night employed in revising Mcllwraith's 
process as it stands in our minutes. Wrote the report 
of the Committee of Session that was examining Mary 
Leitch on Saturday about her fears of Mcllwraith, some 
questions proper to be proposed to her if she appears, and 
also a sort of memorial of the presumptions against 
Mcllwraith as appearing in the course of the process, 
which are certainly as strong as any can well be supposed. 

Tuesday, January 6th. — Went to the Presbytery, where 
W. Davidson gave a lecture and popular sermon, both 
pretty good compositions, and distinctly enough delivered. 
Mary Leitch did not appear. Mcllwraith sent a note 
promising to come if Mary Leitch was there. The Presby- 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 868 

tery appointed a committee to revise this tedious process 
and to prepare an overture to next Presbytery, for bring- 
ing it to an issue. Alex. Duncan came over and break- 
fasted with us in Mr. Lundy's. Tho' the committee about 
Mcllwraith were not appointed to meet till Thursday 
next week, yet as we were altogether, we fell to work 
about it, and pretty nearly agreed to a state of the affair 
and an overture about it, from the materials I had prepared 
on Munday night. However, appointed another meeting 
at Linton or Morbattle, week after the next, to consider 
it still more deliberately, as there are circumstances that 
make it difficult and troublesome, tho' we all agreed, and 
Duncan was of the same mind, that nothing could be 
stronger than the presumptions against Mcllwraith. Left 
Mr. Lundy's in the evening, and called at Mr. Pollock's 
in passing. Came home between 5 and 6. Read Carac- 
tacus, a drama of Mason's, after the Greek model. It is 
very beautiful, and I apprehend much superior to Elfrida. 
There are some very high strains of poetry in the choruses, 
and the dialogue is simple, natural, and finely moralled.^ 

Thursday, January 8th. — Was most of the day in the 
garden, lopping bushes, delving about their roots, etc. 
Evening read Plato's 11th book of Laws, and at night 
wrote a scroll of a letter for Mr. Pollock to be sent to 
Ednam's doer containing the Presbytery's definite resolu- 
tion about the manse. He would have had me write it 
in my own name, but I declined for obvious reasons. Read 
the Scots papers of formei: week, where are many Scots 
addresses. 

Friday, January 9th. — Read over a good part of Carac- 
tacus. Read also most of the November Review, which I 
got from the library. There is an advantageous account 
of Wallace's new book in it, but MacFait's work on Plato ^ 
is treated with great contempt, much more, I think, than 
is supported by the specimens given of it. Read also 



1 William Mason (1725-97), poet and friend of Gray : published Elfrida^ 
a dramatic poem, in 1752, and Caractacus in 1759. 

2 Ebenezer Macfait (d. 1786), Greek scholar, mathematician, physician, 
and miscellaneous writer. 



364 DIARY O'F GEORGE RiDPATH [1761 

about a third of Barry on the Digestions and Discharges 
of the Human Body, which Dr. Miller sent me, and desired 
me to return soon.^ 

Saturday, January 10th. — Read almost all of the Review 
that I had not read before. Among the foreign publica- 
tions is an account of a little work by K. Stanislaus against 
the infidels. It seems he has also published some little 
pieces formerly. There is also some account of Voltaire's 
1st volume of the History of Russia during the reign of 
Czar Peter, in which work it seems Voltaire piques himself 
more on veracity than hel esprit, and for which he pretends 
to have been furnished with materials from Petersburgh. 
Read also a good deal more of Dr. Barry and some of 
Burlamaqui's Treatise on Political Law,^ which I had sent 
me from the library yesterday. 

Munday, January 12th, — Read out the November 
Review. Saw sick in the town a.m. and was at Home p.m. 
J. Sked here at dinner and at tea. Read out, and part of 
it a second time, Barry on the Digestion and Discharges, 
etc. It is an excellent work, judicious, elegant, useful. 

Tuesday, January 13th. — Examined in the kirk first 
time this season. Evening and night read Barry. Some- 
times his expression is inaccurate, tho' the language in 
general is good, and the turn of it elegant. Nor do I think 
the first part of his book, which is a sort of addition to the 
original plan of his work on consumptions, so elaborate 
and compleat as what relates to the last-named subject, 
tho' every part of the work contains very valuable 
things. 

Wednesday, January 14^^.— Messrs. J. Hume and 
Matthew Dysart came to dine, according to information 
before given me by a letter from John last Sunday. I 
accompanied them in the evening to Sprouston, having 
called and drank tea at Mr. Lundy's in passing. Lundy 
went along with us. The lad Davidson also there, very 
hearty. 

* Sir Edward Barry (1696- 17 76), Professor of Physic, Dublin. 
- Jean Jacques Burlamaqui, author of Principes de droit politique, 
i2mo, 1751 : translated into English by Thomas Nugent. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 365 

Thursday, January 15th. — At Sprouston dining, and had 
a pleasant walk on the river-side before dinner. Went 
with Matthew to Eccles, and staid all night. 

Friday, January 16th. — Dined at Eccles, and then dis- 
persed. John Hume has been in the greatest glee all this 
time, and is in great health and strength. I have seldom 
been more entertained in a party. Conversation ran on 
a great variety of subjects, and was from time to time en- 
livened by drolleries, of which John is a very rich fund. 
His manner, too, is finely contrasted by Lundy's. Came 
home in the evening. I was obliged to go E. the town 
after I came home, and fell down by an unlucky slip among 
stones. Bruised and ruffled the skin of the prominence of 
the shin bone below the knee-joint pretty much. Cooked 
it. Dozed, and read some of Barry. 

Saturday, January 17th. — Prepared for my journey a.m. 
and betwixt 1 and 2 set out for Fishwick. Had a tiresome, 
disagreeable ride, much of the way being very deep and 
stiff. Got to Fishwick in the darkening. Found Philip 
pretty easy. He is thinned, and still lyable to pain and 
uneasiness from any quick or sudden motion, but he walks 
a good deal without distress, and is far from being so uneasy 
as when I last saw him. Chatted away the evening with 
him. 

Sunday, January 18th. — Went on invitation to dine at 
Hutton Hall, where were only the laird and lady ^ with the 
children, very fine ones. . Nothing remarkable past there. 
Came over to Fishwick in the evening. Had a good deal 
of interesting cracks and intelligence from Philip this 
night and last. Among the rest, that Dr. Balderstone is 
going to give over business, and would have Dr. Grieve 
from London to come in his place, but I doubt if Jimmy 'd 
comply. 

Munday, January 19th. — Staid at Fishwick all day and 
night, expecting James Allan to have come over, but we 
had a line from him in the evening telling us he could not 
come till to-morrow, and then I was obliged to set home- 



^ The Laird of Hutton Hall at this time was Wynne Johnston of Hilton. 



366 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

wards. Will came from Edrom, by way of Whitsum, 
where he had not found Mr. Waugh's people at home, they 
having gone to Coldstream. I was intending to have seen 
them to-morrow in my way homewards. 

Tuesday, January 20^/i.— Left Fishwick after 11, Will 
along with me. Did not get here till past 3, so bad is 
travelling still, notwithstanding the long-continued dry 
weather. Read Edinburgh and two last London papers. 
Got the good news when I came home of Lady Hall's being 
delivered of a son last Saturday.^ 

Wednesday, January 21st. — Set out for Linton and Mor- 
battle by the way of Maxwell-heugh, where I met with 
Robert Turnbull. Lundy was going along with us, but a 
friend of his from Lothian just arrived as we were about 
to go away. Found Mr. Chatto and his wife, Willy Daw- 
son and T. McDougall at Linton, where we all dined, and 
Robert Turnbull and I staid all night. Mrs. Turnbull with 
child again, pretty far gone.^ She is very hearty and good- 
natured, and looks very well on't. * 

Thursday, January 22nd. — Were all dining again to-day 
at Morbattle, and Robert Turnbull and I staid there all 
night. Talked a little about Mcllwraith's affair, and per- 
sisted in the resolution we had formed at Mr. Lundy' s on 
the day after the Presbytery. Heard some talk these two 
days about an exploit of Prince Edward's, which has made 
much noise. His carrying off some gentleman's daughter 
from a boarding school, in which it is said he was assisted 
by the two bedchamber Scots Lords, March ^ and Eglintor..^ 
It is allowed this Prince is very wild in these matters, 
but perhaps this history wants confirmation, as also some 
other discourse that is going about differences in Germany 
betwixt Prince Ferdinand and the British officers, particu- 
larly the Marquis of Granby. 

1 Afterwards Sir James Hall, fourth Baronet. 

^ Robert, Mrs. TurnbuU's second son, was born i8th April 1761. 

3 William, third Earl of March : at this time he was a Lord of the 
Bedchamber : in 1778 he succeeded to the Dukedom of Queensberry. 
Famous under the name of * Old Q ' for his debaucheries and eccentricity. 

* This was Alexander, tenth Earl, afterwards killed by Mungo Campbell, 
an officer of Excise. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 367 

Friday, January 2Srd. — Breakfasted at W. Dawson's 
who has got a very good house, and in an agreeable com- 
modious situation. Robert Turnbull came forward to 
Lundy's, where we dined. 

Sunday, January 25th. — Kirk throng by seceders being 
disappointed of sermon. 

Munday, January 26th. — Was at Home a.m. seeing sick 
and the widow of John Corsnip who was probably drowned 
about 10 days ago in crossing Tweed from Berwick, where 
he had staid behind his company and as usual got drunk. 
Much search has been made for his body, but hitherto in 
vain. Dined at W. Stevenson's and got his Edinburgh 
chat. He was there most of last week. Found Aly 
Stevenson here when I came home. Read almost to an 
end of Burlamaqui's Politick Law, and wrote at night 
to Philip. 

Tuesday, January 27th. — Examined in the kirk. Finished 
Burlamaqui's Politic Law, which is a very good work, 
its principles being almost everywhere agreeable to equity, 
humanity, and good sense, and at the same time perfectly 
well adapted to the British Constitution. Evening read 
some of the Edinburgh Medical Essays, 

Wednesday, January 2Sth. — Read a good deal of Monro's 
' Treatise on the Nutrition of the Foetus ' in the 2nd volume 
of Medical Essays. Afternoon walked up to Sir Robert's, 
who came horiie from Dunglas on Monday. He left all 
as well there as could be expected. Mrs. Pringle is much 
recovered from a sore attack of the feverish kind which 
she had about the beginning of the year. Miss Pringle 
stays some days longer at Dunglas. 

Thursday, January 29th. — Employed most of the day 
in translating a favorite metrum of Boethius. Philip put 
this in my head, he having translated the first in the work 
some time ago, and having lately formed a sort of project 
or rather wish of translating the whole work, in which he 
seemed to be desirous of some of my assistance. But this 
would be a thing of great labour, and it is hard to say if 
in any sense it would be tanti. Finished, however, the 
metrum I undertook, and another within these few days, 



368 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

pretty much to my content.^ Aly Stevenson left us p.m. 
I read over again some of Barry, a work I would buy, if I 
could afford it. 

Friday, January SOth. — Read to an end over again, some 
of it thrice over, what I had not read before of Barry. 
At night began to make an experiment of an undertaking 
that has been often in my head, and in consequence of 
some conversation I had with Philip, when at Fishwick, 
has been for some days past pretty strongly revived. This 
is to attempt a translation of Buchannan, with corrections 
and improvements, both in the way of notes and insertions 
in the text, from Ruddiman and other sources. The great 
labour of such a work, and still more, the sad inexactness 
of Buchannan in many places with regard to many circum- 
stances belonging to historical truth, which would make it 
difficult to preserve his narrative even as a basis of some- 
thing more correct, have hitherto deterred me from this 
undertaking, and are most likely still to disappoint it. 
-However, I believe I shall try to render some passages of 
him for the sake of comparing my version with the printed 
translation of him that I happen to have at present by me, 
and which seems to leave room enough for a new one, and 
also that I may be able to judge of the pains and time 
necessary to such a work, and how far it is in my power to 
express in English, the eloquence and spirit of the original, 
in which respect it is certainly scarce inferior to the best 
classical authors. Accordingly translated a little of the 
beginning of Bishop Kennedy's speech about a female 
regency. 

Saturday, January Slst. — Rode to Home a.m. to see a 
child of Alexander Wilson's, which was dead before I got 
there. At my return found Mrs. Dawson and Nelly 
Thompson here, and Minna, who had come from Sir 
Robert's, to meet them. Mrs. Dawson wanted to speak 
to Minna about something. She returned to Kelso in the 
evening, and Nell went to Home Byres. Prepared for 
to-morrow, and settled moneth's accounts. 

^ Philip Ridpath did publish in 1785 a translation of Boethius' Con- 
solations of Philosophy y with notes and illustrations. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 369 

Sunday, February 1st. — Minna at dinner. Miss Pringle 
returned from Dunglass yesterday. Lady Hall, she says, 
is very feeble. The child doing bravely. 

Munday, February 2nd. — Examined a few in the kirk. 
Read in the Medical Essays to the end of Monro's paper on 
the nutrition of a foetus, and some other accounts. At 
night wrought on Buchannan. 

Tuesday, February Srd. — Examined at Home Byres, 
where Dobby came to dine, having been first here. Re- 
vised in the evening the committee minute about Mcll- 
wraith, and at night look'd to Barclay's Argenis ^ and the 
way of calculating Easter in the Gregorian Kalendar, in 
Wolff's 4th volume. 

Wednesday, February Mh. — Rode to Kelso to the Presby- 
tery. Davidson delivered his exercise and addition, and 
went through all the rest of his tryals. Acquitted himself 
very decently, and was licensed. We finished also Mcll- 
wraith's business, by appointing the process to be read 
from the pulpits of Kelso and Stitchill, and excommuni- 
cating Mary Leitch. He had been summoned to this 
dyet, but did not appear. Appointed also our agent in 
the cause of Ednam to proceed to enforce the execution 
of the decree of the Lords, for re-building the manse against 
the laird of Ednam. Had a meeting about our library 
affairs, which was thin, a great number of the Kelso 
people having gone to meet Dr. Ormiston, who brings his 
wife to-night from Edinburgh to Channel-kirk, and home 
to-morrow. Commissioned several books, and some of 
the late plays. Drank tea in Dobby 's, and staid all night 
there with R. Turnbull. James TurnbuU, also Lundy and 
Davidson there with us at supper. 

Thursday, February 5th. — Breakfasted in Mr. Dobby's. 
Then went over to Mr. Pollock's, where John Waugh was 
all night. He was a while with us also at the Presbytery 
yesterday. Called at Mrs. Walker's, also at P. Robson*s, 
and paid my account, as I had done Stewart's 12 guineas 

^ John Barclay (1582-1621), born at Pont-a-Mousson, author of several 
volumes of Latin poetry and of Argenis, a Latin satire on political faction 
and conspiracy. 

2a 



370 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

yesterday, in part of his. Robert Turnbull and I 
dined at Mr. Pollock's. The Naiad in great glee. Came 
home p.m. Read in the evening some of the volume of 
London Medical Observations,^ which I got yesterday from 
Dr. Miller. 

Friday, February Qth. — Read some more of the London 
Observations, which have curious things in them. Got 
from the library Dr. Nicholson's Scots, English and Irish 
Historical Libraries in one volume folio. ^ Read a good 
deal of it. Was pleased to find a sort of approbation by 
him of my project with regard to Buchannan, of rather 
correcting and improving that author than writing the 
History of Scotland anew. Slept soon on Barclay's 
Argenis. Miss Pringle, Sir Robert and Minna called p.m. 
Had a walk in setting them up. Thomas McDougall came 
from McKerston to breakfast in order to get some minutes 
made up about the Ednam affair. He went to Newton 
to dine. 

Munday, February 9th. — Was at Home a.m. Got a 
letter from Philip, in which he informs me he is still grow- 
ing better, and intends to be in Berwick all this week. 
Henry is to preach for him on Thursday. Spent most of 
afternoon and evening in looking out, and afterwards 
transcribing, my epitaphs on Mr. Crow, whereof James 
Allan has lost the copies I gave him formerly, and wants 
new ones. Wrought at night on Buchannan. 

Tuesday, February 10th, — Read chiefly Nicholson's 
Scots Historical Library, and wrought at night on Buch- 
annan, of my project on whom my head still continues 
pretty full. 

Saturday, February IMh. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
read Dr. Nicholson. Wrought also a little on Buchannan 
at night. Am still very intent on that project. 

Sunday, February 15th. — The Major was in the kirk, 



^ Perhaps Observations on the Past Growth and Present State of the City 
of London . . ., 1753. 

* William Nicolson (1655-1727), divine and antiquary : Bishop of 
Carlisle 1702 : published the Historical Library, 1696-1724 : entire work 
repubUshed 1732. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 871 

who arrived on Thursday. He came down with 
Hardin.^ 

Munday, February 16th. — Read Dr. Nicholson, who has 
good things about the Scots Law Books, and wrought at 
night on Buchannan. Drank tea at Sir Robert's p.m. 
Paid him for grazing my quey, which he took, and had a 
good deal of talk with the Major about news, politicks, etc. 

Friday, February 20th. — ^Consulted some books for 
understanding something in Buchannan, and read the 
December Review, The schoolmaster of Home here p.m. 
to get a recommendation for Mr, Duncan, to help him to 
a school at Mellerstain. Sprot from Newton at tea, and 
staid till past 8, a lad that seems to be very capable of 
improvement. 

Saturday, February 21st. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
finished the translation of Archbishop Kennedy's speech 
in Buchannan, which has been a troublesome job. But 
if I had the whole work as tolerably done as it is, I daresay 
it would be worth something to me. 

Tuesday, February 2Mh. — Got the January Review and 
Appendix to last year, and read them both. Had a letter 
from James Allan in which he wants my advice about his 
going to Edinburgh, which his friends Messrs. Coutts and 
Laurie have, unsollicited, been negotiating for him, and 
which he is now doubtful himself about agreeing to. 

Thursday, February 26th. — Examined again in East end 
of Home. Dined in Alexander Wilson's, and saw sick p.m. 
In the evening revised some of the reviews, and read some 
of the first volume of Abercromby's Martial Atchievements 
which I am going to compare with Buchannan, in order 
to make some estimate of what will be necessary to supply 
his defects. Wrote a letter at night to James Allan. 

Munday, March 2nd. — Examined at Fallside-Hill. Then 
went to Home, to be at the distribution of Captain Home's 
mortified money. Will came in the evening, and brought 
me £10 from Philip, and £3 of his own, the beginning of 

^ Probably Walter Scott of Harden, who "married Lady Diana Scott, 
youngest daughter of Hugh, third Earl of Marchmont. Their son Hugh 
established his claim to the Barony of Polwarth in 1835. 



372 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

a contribution he and Philip are to make to me annually, 
while my present family and circumstances continue, the 
reasonableness of which is too obvious to insist on.^ Read 
part of the account of Buchannan's life and works in 
Ruddiman and wrought a while on my accompts. 

Tuesday, March Srd. — Was at the Presbytery, where we 
gave some orders about the manse of Edfiam. Called at 
Mrs. Dawson's to carry a message to her, Minna gave me 
in the morning. Saw W. Dickson's widow. Got payment 
for my barley from Wilson. Drank tea at Dr. Gibson's, 
who is pretty well again. Came home here between 7 
and 8. Wrought a while on my accounts. 

Wednesday, March Uh. — ^Read the London (December) 
Magazine to an end. Read also some of Abercromby. 
Married in the evening John Watson's daughter to the 
lad Paterson of Newton Wawk-Mill. Wrought some on 
Buchannan at night, but am beginning to think my project 
on him will not succeed. It would require an immense 
time and a supply of books that it is impossible for me in 
my present situation to procure. Besides, what I have 
executed, tho' with great labour, does not thoroughly 
please me. Were I shut up within the walls of a library 
for 3 or 4 years, with all the necessary apparatus continu- 
ally around me, I would not despair of being able to 
make a tolerable work of it, and it would almost deserve 
the pains, so great is the elegance of Buchanann, and so 
manly and just his sentiments, notwithstanding all his 
detractors have said against him. His mistakes indeed, 
partly from want of good materials, and partly from want 
of attention, are innumerable. 

Thursday, March 5th. — Read a good deal of Abercromby. 
Philip came in the evening. Did not expect him in such 
coarse weather. He stood his journey, however, very 
well. Chatted away the night with him. 

Friday, March 6th. — ^W. Stevenson called in passing to 
Kelso, and told me that his friends at Harper-town would 



^ He was keeping his mother and sister and had been very generous to 
his younger brothers. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 373 

be glad that I should see the lad Thomas [Daws^on], who 
has been very dangerously ill by a wound in one of his 
'temples, made by a pair of horse-scissors which he fell 
with in his hand, about 8 days ago. Rode down immedi- 
ately, and saw him. Found him in a very promising way 
of doing well again. He has had several convulsions, in 
the last of which they thought he was dying, but he has 
been better since. . . . W. Stevenson also called, and 
drank tea. Will left us in the forenoon. 

Munday, March 9th, — Examined at Home forenoon and 
afternoon. Called at W. Stevenson's in returning. Nancy 
and Philip were there, and W. Davidson, the preacher, 
who had come to Stitchill to dine, and staid with us all 
night. 

Wednesday, March 11th. — Mostly sunny, but thick sky. 
Wind W. to S. Rode to Eccles along with Philip. Dined 
and drank tea there. Got the History of Peg there, and 
read some of it at night. 

Thursday, March 12th, — Read out the History of Peg^ 
which is a satire in the manner of John Bull, on the opposers 
of the Militia, particularly of the Scots ; not without both 
sense and humour. Read also some of Abercromby. 
My horses went to the coals, the old stock being just on 
the point of being exhausted. 

Friday, March 13th. — Rode to Coldstream along with 
Philip, and din'd with Wilson, who is pretty well again 
after a long illness. Drank tea in John Ker's. Got to 
Twisel about 7, where we staid all night. Both old and 
young squire at home. They had set out on Tuesday for 
London and Cambridge, but after travelling 20 miles, the 
old man took it in his head to return. Had a great deal 
of talk, chiefly about the Berkeleian Philosophy, which 
is now, it seems, in high reputation at Cambridge, and 
which Blake has made himself entirely master of, which I 



^ It was the rejection of the Scots Mihtia Bill which gave rise to the 
famous Poker Club, and prompted Adam Ferguson to write a pamphlet 
Squib, entitled The Proceedings in the case of Margaret^ called Peg, only 
sister of John Bull. It was in the style of Swift and Arbuthnot, but hardly 
with their vigour, 



374 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

have never known anybody do that was so late in life 
in studying it. Sate up till 3. 

Saturday, March lUh. — Staid at Twisel till after 4 p.m. 
Had an agreeable walk in the forenoon, reconnoitring the 
old house of Twisel, and the adjacent banks of Till, which 
are very pleasant. He has at last fallen to work on the 
old house, which is to be repaired and somewhat enlarged, 
still preserving the Gothick form and taste. For this 
purpose, he has actually made a contract with Nisbet the 
mason, who is employed in building the new house at 
Paxton. The situation is remarkably lofty, and in many 
respects, both pleasant and commodious ; and when 
the plan is executed, it will be a convenient enough habi- 
tation tho' rather below the proportion of the estate.^ Got 
home betwixt 7 and 8 in a very pleasant evening. 

Munday, March 16th. — Was at Home seeing many sick. 
Wrought a little in the garden. Dr. Miller drank tea with 
us. Read a little of Abercromby, and at night drew up a 
short narrative of the affair of James Mcllwraith and Mary 
Leitch, for the committee which was appointed by last 
Presbytery to meet at Mr. Lundy's about that affair 
to-morrow. 

Tuesday, March 17th. — Walked to Kelso, my horses 
being at the coals. Called at Mr. Dawson's in passing. 
Dined at Maxwell-heugh, where were also Messrs. Pollock, 
Robert TurnbuU, McDougall, and Lundy. Soon dis- 
patched our affair. Called at Mr. Pollock's, and staid 
about an hour, in passing homewards. 

Friday, March 20th. — Much in the garden, where I 
planted some cabbages, and attended the mason repairing 
the dykes, which had several great gaps made in them by 
the deluge of rain in October last. Read Abercromby, 
Buchannan, etc. Got home the gray web, which seems to 
be very good cloath. 

Munday, March 2Srd. — P.m. read historians and began 
to write from Buchannan and Abercromby the first events 
relating to Berwick, of which place I have often thought it 



1 The words in italics have been erased. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 375 

might be worth while to compile a history, and in par- 
ticular have had serious thoughts of attempting it, since 
I lookt on my project on Buchannan as impracticable.^ 

Wednesday, March 25th. — Read Abercromby, and 
wrought in the garden. Got the January Magazine and 
Appendix for last year, from Berwick. Read some of 
them. Nancy brought some pamphlets from Sir Robert's, 
amongst the rest Stillingfleet's Translation of the Calen- 
darium Florae Suedcae, and a sketch of a Flora Anglica 
of his own, published along with it.^ The design of these 
is to trace the natural succession of the leaving, flowering, 
etc., of different plants, and the correspondence of other 
natural phenomena with these, particularly the return 
and singing of birds. It seems observations of this kind 
are to be made in France, Germany, and Italy this season, 
and his project in publishing this work is to procure a set 
of the same observations to be made in Britain, to compare 
with the foreign. Dr. Pringle, imagining I suppose, that 
Sir Robert might have the curiosity to make some of these 
observations, sent this pamphlet to him, but it is a thing 
very much out of his way. 

Thursday, March 2Qth, — Rode over along with Robert 
Turnbull and Lundy , according to agreement last week, 
to Greenlaw, where we staid all night. Collector John 
Home there at dinner. It is confirmed that the Earl of 
Bute is Secretary of State in room of Holderness. John 
Hume was on Tuesday at the burial of Mr. Brydon of 
Coldingham," who died last Saturday, somewhat suddenly, 
tho' after long infirmity. He was 75 years old, a very 
good sort of man. 

Friday, March 27th. — Messrs. Hume, Turnbull and 
Lundy came over with me here to dine, and left us in the 



^ This was the inception of the work by which Ridpath will he remem- 
bered as a historian, his History of the Borders ^ pubhshed by his- brother 
Phihp after his death. 

2 Benjamin StiUingfleet (1702-71), botanist and author : originated the 
term ' bluestocking ' by his dress*: wrote several botanical works. 

3 Robert Brydon, minister of Coldingham, had married a daughter of 
his predecessor in the charge, and sister of Matthew Dysart of Eccles, 



376 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

evening. Read some of the January Magazine and Ap- 
pendix to last year, evening and night. 

Saturday, March 28th. — Wrought in the garden. Sowed 
J Ife. of marrow peas, and a few rouncevab .^ 

Sunday, March 29th. — Excellent seed-time. Had a 
letter from James Allan, wherein he writes me he has 
declined going to Edinburgh. I make no question that 
he has judged better in staying where he is, but 'tis a pity 
he should have allowed his friends to have proceeded so 
far in serving him, and the thing to become so much the 
subject of talk. He puts his declining it on the footing 
of humility, which I believe is very true, but the world will, 
I am afraid, be scarce so good-natured as to believe it. 

Tuesday, April 7th. — Was at the Presbytery, where we 
elected our members for the Assembly without any division. 
There was a demand from M'llwraith of an extract of his 
process and of the abstract which was read from the pulpit 
on Sunday last, at Kelso, as it was on the preceding Sunday, 
here. A committee was appointed to revise the minutes 
of it, in order to give this extract, which is to meet at Mr. 
Lundy's next Munday. Was also at the Thomson's p.m. 
where all the batchelor brethren drank tea, and were very 
hearty. Called a while in the evening at Mr. Pollock's. 

Wednesday, April 8th. — Read several things in Keith's 
catalogue of Scots Bishops, and in the account of the Scots 
rehgious houses by Spots wood at the end of it, which I 
brought from the library yesterday. Revised also my 
table of the Saxon Heptarchy, which is copied from Rapin, 
and compared it with Tyrrel's tables, which I apprehend 
are not so exact, tho' at best there is much confusion and 
uncertainty in that branch of English History. Read some 
of the January and February Scots Magazines, also from 
the library. 

Thursday, April 9th, — Prepared some more paper for 
continuing my abregS of Enghsh History, and wrote a little 
more of it from Tyrrel. Was at a burial at Home p.m. 

Munday, April ISth. — ^Went to Mr. Lundy's according 



A large variety of pea. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH . 377 

to appointment of last Presbytery. Only Mr. Pollock and 
Mr. Lundy there besides. The minutes employed us most 
part of the afternoon. Called forenoon and evening at 
Mr. Pollock's, and in the evening at Mrs. Dawson's where 
Minna was a good deal better. 

Wednesday, April 15th.— Began to write a little more 
of the History of Berwick. Was at Sir Robert's p.m. Will 
came in the evening. Read some of February Magazine 
and of November, which one of our carriers brought from 
Berwick. The latter has been long a-missing. 

Thursday, April 16th. — Wrote more of- the History of 
Berwick, and read what belonged to it in Tyrrel and 
Abercromby. 

Friday, April 17th. — Read more than 100 pages of 
Tyrrel, who is a laborious and I suppose tolerably faithful, 
but a very dry compiler. Read also some of the London 
Magazines that came last. 

Sunday, April 19th.- — Sir Robert told me that there was 
an account at Marchmont House yesterday of the Duke 
of Argyle having died somewhat suddenly.^ This vacates 
two great posts, for which there will be scrambling. And 
it is not likely that Scotland will soon see so great a man 
either in political interest or abilities as the Duke. 

Munday, April 20th. — Recreated myself with reading 
a volume of Swift's prose, consisting chiefly of political 
tracts wrote in the end of King WilUam's, and in Queen 
Anne's reign. The elegance and ease of the stile of these 
is incomparable, and they are scarce inferior, in extensive 
views, just reasoning, true and lively wit, and, what I 
scarce believed, several of them even in candor. Made 
some observations on his stile, the principal ... of 
which arise from a study of conciseness. 

Tuesday, April 21st.- — Went to the burial of the lad 
Thomas Dawson, who, tho' moving about, has never been 
quite well since the accident mentioned March 6. After 
being a-hunting last Wednesday, he fell ill, and continued 

1 Archibald, third Duke of Argyll, Keeper of the Privy Seal and of the 
Great Seal, died in London^ suddenly, while sitting in his chair at dinner, 
at 5 P.M. on 15th April 1761. 



378 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

so till Saturday night when he died. He had continual 
vomitings, a stupor and sore head. When they examined 
his head after his death, there was a visible protuberance 
on the place where the wound had been received, which 
being opened, some pus came out, and below it there was 
a visible perforation of the skull. Since he fell last ill, by 
an odd neglect, this place of his head had never been 
looked to. The wound was never considerable, and was 
quickly healed up. Probably the keeping of it open, or 
opening the protuberance at last might have been of use. 
The trepan might also have been tried, for tho' the wound 
was probed, and no hole discovered thereby in the skull, 
yet there were symptoms that strongly indicated that the 
brain was hurt. Robert Turnbull came home with me 
and dined, and staid till after tea. Read some of Swift 
and Buchannan, the latter of whom writes as beautiful 
Latin, as the other does English. 

Wednesday, April 22nd. — Wrought a good deal in the 
garden, sowing peas, hoing, etc. Have had ever since last 
Presbytery a sore right shoulder, the effect of cold, which 
I have not succeeded so well as usual in removing by 
warmth and abstemiousness. To-day's exercise, which 
was pretty considerable, seems to be doing it good. Looked 
over a good deal of Tyrrel, and at night, read most of the 
historical part of the Tale of the Tub, which was almost 
new to me, and is a most exquisite piece of wit and good 
writing. 

Thursday, April 23rd, — Wrought some in the garden 
a.m. Went in the afternoon with Nancy to see Coventry 
and his young wife, an awkward, mean-looking body, but 
they say, very rich.^ Cawdell there, a talking man and 
dealer in marvels, and his wife. Two girls also staying for 
a while with the young wife, one of them Coventry's sister, 
a bonny country lass. Did not stay long. Minuted the 
articles relating to Berwick out of Abercromby's 1st vol. 
which I must return to-morrow. Got some more cold bv 



^ George Coventry married, in 1761, Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of 
Andrew Horn of Thomanean, in the parish of Orwell, Kinross-shire. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 379 

dressing. My shoulder is not like to be well yet. Major 
Pringle elected to-day at Greenlaw. 

Friday, April 24^/z.— Frosty night. Wrought some in 
the garden, and transcribed most part of the Presbytery 
iTiinutes I have in my hands into the Presbytery book, to 
have it ready for the Synod. W. Davidson from Sprouston 
came and staid all night. His errand was to speak to me 
about a sort of invitation he has to preach at Newcastle in 
Aiken's meeting, where Burn of Kelso had been settled 
assistant and successor, but has left it for a kirk he is 
presented to in Fife.^ Davidson was engaged to preach 
for me on Sunday se'ennight, but may perhaps go over to 
Newcastle next week. 

Saturday, April 25th. — Wrote out the Presbytery 
minutes. Prepared for to-morrow and wrought on a few 
stanzas for CuUoden Club in the measure of our old anthem. 

Sunday, April 26th. — Lady Don and her two children 
in the kirk, after a very long interval. She commonly goes 
to Kelso Chappel, as they call it. Minna Dawson along 
with her. They only staid the forenoon. 

Munday, April 27th.— At Culloden Club, where were 
Sir Robert and the Major, 2 other laymen, and 6 ministers. 
Sate till near 8. Came home betwixt 8 and 9, along with 
Sir Robert and the Major. Philip and Will came, in their 
way to the Synod. 

Tuesday, April 2Sth. — ^Went to the Synod and heard 
part of Cupples's sermon, which was a repetition of his 
work at Philip's ordination. At our two dyets to-day, 
went through forms and read minutes. Drank tea at 
Mrs. Dawson's, where was Philip, Dickson, and the Miss 
Thompsons. Very hearty. Nancy went down with us, 
and I came home with her at night. The rest stayed. 

Wednesday, April 29th. — Having been appointed, along 
with T. McDougall, to -revise the Presbytery of Jedburgh's 
book, rode down to Kelso for that purpose before break- 



^ James Burn, ordained by the Presbyterian Class at Newcastle as 
minister of Castlegarth Meeting House, 1760, presented by George iii. 
(his first presentee in Scotland) to the parish of Forgan in Fifeshire, 7th 
May 1 761, 



880 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

fast. Made two or three remarks that gave employment 
to the Synod for an hour or two in the forenoon. Rose 
between 2 and 3. Din'd in Lundy's. Called along with 
James Allan at Mrs. Dawson's, where I staid and drank 
tea. My sweet girlie very anxious about her brother,^ pre- 
vailed with me to stay till the news came, when there was 
nothing. Called at Mrs. Pollock's and saw Mrs. Waugh. 
Came up before 9 with James Allan, Philip, and William. 

Thursday, April 30th. — James Allan set out for Riddell 
after breakfast. Chatted most of the day with Philip and 
Will. J. Richardson of Newcastle here a while in the 
evening. He was at the Synod, and has since been seeing 
his friends about the country, 

Friday, May 1st. — Richardson came in the forenoon, 
and staid to dine. James Allan returned in the evening 
from Riddell. 

Saturday, May 2nd. — Set out for Berwick with Philip 
and James Allan in company. Found Cupples at home 
and dined with him. Drank tea at Waugh' s. James set 
out for Eymouth, and Philip and I towards Berwick about 
6 o'clock. Philip stopt at Fishwick, not being absolutely 
certain of supply for to-morrow, and I rode forward to 
Berwick, where I arrived between 8 and 9. Found all at 
Mr. Waite's well. 

Sunday, May 3rd. — Served two tables and preached in 
the afternoon for Henry. Monteith served two tables, 
and Philip (being relieved by Tait, whom Waugh sent to 
preach for him) other two. I received the Sacrament from 
Monteith, and Philip gave it him. Should not this be an 
omen of the approaching perce of Europe ? Spent after- 
noon and night in Henry's,^ where was also Gardiner, a 
mighty good sort of man, but very much, I am afraid, 
out of his place in Berwick. 



1 He was serving abroad with his regiment which took part in the 
attempted landing at Belle Isle, where we were repulsed with considerable 
loss. 

2 Robert Henry (see ante, p. 344, n/ i), at this time minister of the High 
Meeting, Berwick-on-Tweed, translated Goguet's Origin of Laws, Arts, and 
Sciences, 3 vols., Edinburgh, 1761. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 381 

Munday, May 4>th. — Philip and James Allan preached. 
We dined in John Nixon's, and drank tea in Mrs. Nichol- 
son's, where we saw poor Ben, who came home from a 
sort of exile of 6 or 7 years, a few weeks ago. He has an 
old and distressed appearance, but has been behaving 
with tolerable decency. Had the Doctor and T. Ruther- 
ford along with most of our dinner company at Nixon's 
at night. 

Tuesday, May 5th, — Called at the Mayor's in the morn- 
ing, and was engaged to dine with him, James Allan along 
with me. Philip staid at Mr. Waite's with John Waugh. 
They came over to us, and we also drank tea there. Called 
at my aunt's in the evening, and supped at the Doctor's. 

Wednesday, May 6th. — Called at the Town Clerk's to 
enquire about the Town Archives, which have been for 
some time taken out of his hands, and are at present in 
the keeping of the Recorder, and under the charge of a 
committee. This is owing to the Town's plea with Thomas 
Watson about their Royalties. He showed me, however, 
a list of their charters, the first of which is dated about 
the 20th of Edward iii. Drank tea at Aunt Balderstone's. 
Called in the evening at the Mayor's, and paid him a 
ballance of £13, 10s. due since the 1754. I did not imaging 
it had been quite so much, but knew it could not be much 
short of it. Spent the evening at Mr. Waite's, where 
were S. Turvin and Henry." Called in the forenoon at Mr. 
Watson's, and sat an hour with him. 

Thursday, May 7th. — Breakfasted with Mrs. Turner 
and Cos. Mally. Drank tea in Mr. Chisholm's, and supped 
in the Collector's. Chisholm there, together with Philip 
and self. Sate pretty late. Still pretty much plagued at 
times with the pain in my shoulder. Felt it a good deal 
to-night at the Collector's. 

Friday, May Sth. — Called at the Collector's to enquire 
about the Town papers. Find it will be difficult to get a 
sight of them, as I am in no degree of intimacy with the 
Recorder. The Collector, however, promised me a sight 
of Lord Mansfield's paper, containing a solemn judgment 
of the Court of King's Bench with regard to the power 



3»2 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

of that court to receive appeals in criminal causes from 
Berwick, and the dependence of that place on the Realm 
of England. Most of the day in Mr, Waite's, where my 
old favourite Mrs. Nealson drank tea. Supped in Gardiner's 
where were the Collector, Mr. Waite, Henry, Philip, and 
myself. Good enough company. Henry is a sensible 
man, but rather rough in his manners. James Allan staid 
in town till this morning. 

Saturday, May 9th. — Read last night and this morning, 
Lord Mansfield's paper, where there are some things 
worth knowing relating to the History and Constitution 
of Berwick. Copied out some of them a.m. Left the town 
about 3. Was detained 2 hours at Paxton by marrying 
a pair of Philip's people. Having got Wilson of Hutton- 
Hall to preach for him, he stays some days in town. Got 
home about 9. 

Munday, May 11th, — Journalised and look'd over Mr. 
Hall and S. Stanton's accounts. Read also last March 
magazine, which I brought from Berwick with me. Was 
at Queen's Cairn seeing a girl that is very ill of the meazles. 
Wrought also some in the garden. 

Tuesday, May 12th. — Read a good deal of the 1st vol. 
of th« History of the Douglases. Sprot from Newton here 
p.m. The knight, lady, and children have been at Edin- 
burgh these 10 or 12 days. 

Wednesday, May 13th. — Saw John Nicol's wife, who 
seems to be drawing near her end by a tedious consumption. 
Had a pleasant wander afterwards, about the Linn, which 
is the most striking little scene I am acquainted with. 
Wrought in the garden, and read some more of the History 
of the Douglases. 

Friday, May 15th. — Read to an end the first volume of 
the Douglases, in which the relation of facts takes up less 
room than a sort of declaration and reasoning which is 
chiefly directed to extoll and vindicate the heroes of the 
work, and often in cases where they were most evidently 
culpable. Wrought a httle in the garden. Was at the 
burial of W. White's wife in the evening. Saw W. Steven- 
son there, who told me that the presentation to Colding- 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 383 

ham is procured to Jolly. Marchmont himself told Dr. 
Miller this within these few days. John Home thought 
he had secured it for H. Greive^ by liis own interest with 
Lord Bute, but if Marchmont insisted, as it seems he has 
done, nobody will wonder that he has proved too strong 
for J. Home, though perhaps John himself may. It is a 
pity, however, that Greive should be so much disappointed. 
Got also a certain account that G. Bell of Todrig died of 
a fever last Tuesday, a very honest man, my old acquaint- 
jmce and companion. Dr. Miller had been seeing him, 
but complains that they had delayed too long to seek help. 

Saturday, May IQth. — Prepared for to-morrow, wrought 
some in tne garden, and sometimes attended Thomas 
Underwood, who was painting the windows and door. 
His materials failed before he had near finished them. 
Their being so long a-doing, made them swallow up a 
much greater quantity. Read also some of the 2nd vol. 
of the Douglases. 

Munday, May ISth. — Read a great deal of the 2nd vol. 
of the Douglases, which is more interesting than the first. 
Charles at Berwick for grass seeds. He brought no news. 

Tuesday, May 19th. — Finished the History of the Doug- 
lases. The lasc life in ic, that of Archibald, Earl of Angus, 
who died in 1588, is the most interesting. The author was 
his friend and follower, and gives a very amiable view of 
him. Robert Turnbull and Lundy came to dine, and staid 
till about 7. Read the news, but there is nothing in them, 

Wednesday, May 20th. — Wrote out of Hume of Godscrof t, 
the succession and genealogy of the Earls of Douglas, some- 
what in the manner of Henault. They make so great a 
figure in the Scots History, that such a view of them must 
be useful. Wrought also some in the garden. 

Thursday, May 21st. — Cupples came here about 12 from 
Kelso, whither he had been conveying the Miss Pollocks 
from Whitsum, and staid till 7. Wrought some in the 



1 Probably Henry Grieve, who was ordained at Twynholm in 1762 
and, after being in several other parishes, became minister of the Old 
Kirk, Edinburgh, in 1781, Moderator of Assembly 1783, and Chaplain in 
Ordinary to the King 1784. 



384 DLAJIY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

garden a.m. Read at night some of the beginning of the 
Oceana.^ a work I have not look'd into these manv vears. 

Friday, May 22nd. — Got the last of my barley harrowed, 
which was miluckily interrupted by the rain for these two 
or three days past. Wrote out the succession of the Angus 
family, so far as Hume goes. Will came in the afternoon. 
He has been examining, in order to have his Sacrament, 
which is to be a fortnight hence, and does not seem to be 
the worse of his labour. Wrought a while in the glebe, 
carrying stones off the barley land. 

Saturday, May 2Srd. — ^Wrote more out of Hume, and 
returned him and Anderson in the evening by the Major's 
servant. Got most of my barley land stoned, by the help 
of some boys. Will left us about 4, and would get some 
of the bad night. Sprot here at tea p.m., a very sensible 
lad reaUy, and much in the way of improvement. Did 
something for to-morrow. 

Munday, May 25ih. — Forenoon in the garden, and read- 
ing some of Swift. Afternoon went to Sir Robert's, and 
sate till after supp>er. Got some franks from the Major 
for Mr. Pollock and self, who is to be in the country all the 
sunmier, and spoke for a place in Sir Robert's^ parks for 
my quey. 

Tuesday, May 26th. — Forenoon, read newspapers, was in 
the garden, and shaved. Afternoon, rode to Kelso to speak 
to Dr. 3Iiller about Phihp, from whom I had a letter yester- 
day, gi\'ing me an account of what he had been doing in 
consequence of the Doctor's directions, hitherto ^Wth ver}^ 
little success. Got measure taken of a coat and pair of 
breeches, both of which I want very much. Drank tea in 
Mr. Pollock's, who is not gone to Edinburgh. The blast 
of last Sunday frighted him, and he is certainly much wiser 
to stav at home. Called at Mrs. Dawson's, and wrote to 
Philip and Mr. Waite. 

Wednesday, May 27th. — Wrought almost all the day in 



^ By James Harrington ( 161 1-77 . Though a repubUcan, he accompanied 
Charles i. to the scafEold. He was a kind of seventeenth-century sociahst 
and advocated, in his celebrated romance Oceana, the equal division of all 
landed property. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 385 

the garden, weeding, hoing, and staking pease. Read 
some of Goguet's History of Ancient Arts and ScienceSf^ 
which Charles brought up from Edrom on Munday, whither 
he had been conveying Peg. Observed several faults in 
the translation, tho' it is none of the worst. 

Thursday, May 2Sth. — Transcribed some things relating 
to the religious houses of Berwick and the borders out of 
Spotswood's account of them. Wrought also some in the 
garden, and read some more of Goguet at night. 

Friday, May 29th. — Transcribed more from the account 
of the religious houses. Wrought some in the garden and 
read more of the first volume of Goguet at night. This 
volume was translated by Henry, and is much freer of 
faults than those places of the other two that I have looked 
into. 

Saturday, May 30th. — Was early up in the morning, 
attending the sowing of my grass seeds which could not 
be done till to-day, by reason of the cold, stormy weather. 
Got a very good morning for the work, and gave them a 
slight harrowing in the evening. Prepared for to-morrow, 
and transcribed some more things from the account of 
religious houses. This evening and last, viewed the sun 
through a telescope. There are some very remarkable 
spots on his disk, the progress of which was very percep- 
tible from yesterday till to-day. Some near his limb on 
the lower part were gone, and a remarkable groupe on the 
upper part had come in view, since last evening. 

Munday, June 1st. — Wrote things from the account of 
religious houses, etc. Coventry, with his young wife, and 
the two girls here p.m. 

Tuesday, June 2nc?.— Rode over to Greenlaw to the 
burial of John Hume's servant, which came to Home 
kirkyard, and came home between 3 and 4. John Mack 
came and paid me my glebe rent. Look'd at the sun 
again, and still observe very distinctly the progress of 



1 Anthony Yves Goguet, an ingenious French writer (1716-58). His 
Origine des Loix, des Arts, des Sciences et de leur pr ogres chez les anciens 
peuples, was pubUshed at Paris 1758, and translated by Robert Henry into 
English 1 76 1. 

2b 



386 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH I1761 

the spots. They undergo also great variations in their 
form and appearance. 

Wednesday, June Srd. — Wrought in the garden, saw 
sick, and baptized a child to John Nicol whose wife was 
delivered in the morning several weeks before her time. 
The poor woman has been in the last stage of a consump- 
tion for a good while, and it was not little amazing that 
she should have had strength to bring forth a living child. 
It is not likely, however, that either mother or child will 
live long.^ Very happy, rest of the day, with my dear 
girlie, who staid, helping Nancy to dress clothes, 

Thursday, June Mh, — Minna Dawson still here. She 
could not leave Nancy, who is very low-spirited, and much 
distrest with my mother's illness, which was very violent 
most of this day. Sent for in the evening to see W. 
Service and make his testament. Found Sir Robert with 
him, who afterwards sent me down a sheet of stamp'd 
paper and also some directions about the form of the 
man's will, which he got from his brother Walter. Made a 
scroll of it in the evening. Read at night some of Goguet's 
first volume, as I have done for several nights before. It 
is abundantly entertaining, and full of a very curious sort 
of learning. 

Friday, June 5th, — Minna and Nancy walked to Kelso 
a.m. and rode up again in the evening. I was with my 
mother almost all the day. Calculated time of sun's 
rising for to-morrow from Leadbetter's tables, in order to 
determine the time of Venus's going off the sun's disk. 
Robert Turnbull came in the evening and staid all night 
for the sake of observing that phenomenon to-morrow. 

Saturday, June 6th, — Waked at 2, and rose at 3. Walked 
out to the Park behind the town to observe the time of 
sun-rising. Returned, and saw Venus about 4 in the sun's 
disk, a spot, to appearance, of more than an inch diameter, 
and then seeming to be advanced about a third of her way 
in the sun, waked Robert Turnbull to see her, who also 
saw her for some time distinctly. It grew cloudy between 



* Marginal note : — Child died this evening. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 387 

4 and 5, and I, having got little sleep, and there being little 
likelihood of seeing more of her, went to bed about 5 and 
lay till 7. Before I got up, Robert Turnbull with Nancy 
had seen her again for a very little time, and about 8 J 
Robert had a glance of her, when her disk, in going off, 
was about touching the western part of the disk of her sun, 
but it was a very transient view, and clouds hindered 
observing her any more. Was shaving for my Edrom 
journey at the time Robert saw her last. Set out after 
Jbreakfast and got to Edrom about one, where Jolly and 
Tod preached. After sitting a while with Will, rode over 
to FJshwick. 

Sunday, June 7th. — Served two tables, and preached in 
the afternoon without.^ James Allan preached within. 
Murray and Walter Anderson were also assisting, and 
Walter had along with him one Scot, a preacher, son to 
Scot of Dumfries. 2 A very long work, by William's 
prolixity. Rode over again to Fishwick. 

Munday, June Sth, — Returned to Edrom, where Cupples 
and Dickson preached. James Allan, certainly very 
improperly, dined at Allan-Bank, where he had also staid 
on Saturday and Sunday night with the Knight, Chief 
Magistrate of the County, and an Elder ; at home, and 
yet on none of the days in the kirk. Doctor Balderstone 
had been dining also at Allan-Bank, and came over in the 
evening with James Allan to Edrom. Young Brymor 
called a while about the same time. Set out along with 
James Allan between 7 and 8, and got here about 10. My 
sister had come from Berwick on Saturday, which I heard 
at Fishwick. Minna Dawson had also been so good as to 
continue with them. 

Tuesday, June 9th, — Walked down to Kelso with my 
dear lassie, and carried her back again on horseback. . . .^ 



1 That is, in the churchyard. 

2 John Scott, afterwards minister of Twynholm, to which he was or- 
dained 1763 ; D.D. Edinburgh 1785 : died 1801. He was eldest son of 
John Scott, minister of Grey friars, Dumfries. 

3 Several following lines, probably relating to Minna, have been 
deleted. 



388 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

At the Presb\'tery we appointed a visitation at Sprouston 
on Thursday fortnight, gave our concurrence to James 
TunibuU in a process he finds it necessary to commence 
against Clifton about the possession of his cow's grass. 
Mary Leitch was also there, seeking to be freed from her 
sentence, which was delayed till our session shall report 
appearances of her reformation. 

Wednesday, June 10th. — James Allan went away in the 
morning, to breakfast at Marchmont House. Joumahzed, 
and chatted most of the dav ^^ith mv sister. Will came 
after dinner, and staid all night. He is to preach at Fogo 
to-morrow. 

Friday, June 12th. — Mr. Waite came in a chaise about 
10 p.m. and set out again with my sister and Nancy in 
company between 3 and 4. I read some of Camden, and 
revised some of my transcripts about Benvick and the 
Borders. 

Saturday, June ISth. — Wrought in the garden, and read 
some of the Origin of Arts and Sciences.^ Had the roof 
of my house mended, which required about 40 slates, tho' 
it was completely repaired last year. But the ^\4nter was 
remarkably tempestuous. My mother rather better 
than usual. 

Sunday, June 14th. — The Seceding Sacrament here, 
considerably abridged in its duration. Mary, Fan and 
Peggy Dysart here, ^ith John Sked attending them. 

Munday, June 15th. — Saw sick in to\^Ti, and sate with 
my mother who was very indifferently. Read and tran- 
scribed some things from Tyrell and Camden, relating 
chiefly to Bamborough Castle. 

Tuesday, June 16th. — Rest of the day wrote out a list 
of Enghsh monarchs, which I had long ago begun. Wrote 
also contents to thecatalogue of Scots Bishops and Religious 
Houses. Wrought also some in the garden. My mother 
pretty quiet, but with a mixture of stupor. 



^ There was a French work published in 1759 under the title of Origines 
des Loix des Arts et des Sciences which may possibly be the one referred 
to, but it is more hkely that it was Goguet's book above mentioned 
quoted by Ridpath in his usual shpshod way. 



iy6i] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 389 

Friday, June 19th. — Transcribed more, chiefly from 
Camden relating to Holy Island and Norham, and read 
the account of Mann in Camden written by Wilson, the late 
Bishop, a distinct enough work, and not unentertaining. 

Saturday, June 20th. — Prepared for to-morrow, and read 
in Camden part of his account of the County of Durhapi. 
Wrought also some in the garden, and attended the bees, 
which for a while were very like to cast. P. Haig and 
Alison Bell here. Haig has fallen into a bad state of 
health, and I believe is not fond of work. He wants some 
employment under the trustees of the linnen manufacture, 
and was asking me to recommend him to Mr. Allan, which 
I could not help promising to do. John Stevenson (pro- 
fessor) called in passing from Kelso, and told me we had 
got Belle Isle at last. The citadel capitulated on the 7th. 

Munday, June 22nd. — Saw sick, read Camden. John 
Stevenson called in the evening. He speaks of leaving 
the country soon. 

Tuesday, June 23rd. — ^Weather the same. Wrote some 
more things into my Border Adversaria. Was pretty 
much in the garden. Read some of Virgil's 4th Georgick, 
where are several precepts about bees that are still popular. 
John Waugh called in his passing homewards from Yarrow, 
where he had been assisting poor Mason at his Sacrament.^ 
The lad Brown, of Brotherston, along with him. 

Wednesday, June 24<th. — Plagued with attending bees, 
which lay out in vast numbers all day, and yet did not 
come off. Read Virgil's 4th Georgick and some of 
Goguet. 

Thursday, June 25th. — Was at Sprouston a-foot at a 
Presbytery for visiting the manse. Will Ker was there, 
and went on pretty much in his usual way. However, 
we got estimates from workmen of some things necessary 
to be done, and delayed giving a decision till our next 
meeting at Kelso. Saw Mr. Pollock's new house in passing 
homewards. The mason-work of first story is about 



^ James Mason, minister of Yarrow 1 753-1 764. He was probably a 
relative of Waugh's wife, whose name was Mary Mason. 



390 DIARY OF GEORGfi RIDPATH [176J 

finished, a great part of which is very bad materials ill 
put together. 

Friday, June 26th. — My bees cast about mid-day, a very 
large swarm. A good deal of the day spent in attending 
and cooking them. Look'd out for sermons for Ey mouth, 
and filled up most part of what I had not wrote of my 
present domestick preaching. 

Saturday, June 27th. — ^Set out a little after 10, and got 
to Marshal Meadows between 2 and 3. My sisters and 
Philip there. Dined, drank tea, and took a turn in the 
environs of the house, which are a good deal altered since 
I saw them. A very sweet little place. Got to Eymouth 
along with Nancy and Philip between 9 and 10. Jolly 
staying in James Allan's, besides Philip and self. 

Munday, June 29th. — Breakfasted in Mrs. Edgar's, and 
drank tea in Mrs. Crow's. They are all very well. Philip, 
Nancy, and I came to Marshal Meadows at night, where 
Mr. Waite and my sister had come in the evening. Mr. 
Waite is like to be very pleased with Marshal Meadows. 

Tuesday, June 30th. — Philip was going to the Presbytery, 
which carried Nancy and me by the way of Chyrnside, 
where the Presbytery were throng, and had great plenty 
of business. The presentation of Jolly to Coldingham 
was given in. Drank tea in Walter Anderson's, where 
Nancy had also dined with Walter's sister, and got home 
a little after 10. 

Wednesday, July 1st. — Examined some parts of my long 
inscription for Mr. Crow, to which Lord Morton ^ objects 
in a letter to James Allan, which I saw at Eymouth. I 
had sent it to him for his opinion, as he had been very 
much the friend of Crow. Morton approves both of the 
shorter and longer ones in pretty strong terms, but prefers 
the longer as giving a more particular view of his character. 
One fault in grammar, however, he finds in it, viz., making 
meridies of the masculine gender, in which he is well 
founded, and I could scarce have fallen into it, if the part 



^ James Douglas, thirteenth Earl Morton (1702-68), was a man of 
learning and high scientific attainments. He was President of the Royal 
Society 1764. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 391 

of the work where that word is had been originally con- 
sidered with the same accuracy as the rest of it. But it 
was an addition from an old scroll made in the last draught 
I sent of it to James Allan, when I considered the longer 
inscription as deserving the less attention, that the shorter 
one was to be made use of, to which Morton does not offer 
any objection. In the line ' Dum optimo cuique studio 
graviter incumbiV connected with 'correptios ac breviextinctus 
est,^ he proposes to change incumbit into incubuit. On 
enquiry I found unexceptionable authorities for its standing 
as it is particularly in Phaedrits. Were it necessary to 
alter it at all, the proper change would be incumbent, for 
which I find an authority in the same author. But dum 
applied as in the passage in question seems from the general 
analogy of language to agree best with the present. In the 
beginning of the inscription, he prefers G. C. simply to 
Corpus Gulielmi Crow, as he does not remember to find the 
latter in any ancient inscription. Probably he is in the 
right, as to this, and I had it so in the shorter epitaph. 
Morton is allowed to be a man of learning, and particularly 
a connoisseur in Antiquities, whereof inscriptions are so 
great a part. A good deal in the glebe and garden, where 
everything is in a very florid condition. 

Thursday, July 2nd. — Read the account of Northumber- 
land and the Picts' Wall in Camden. Gibson, or some of 
his assistants, has much improved the latter by a new 
survey in 1708. Transcribed also from the same author 
some things relating to Berwick. Have a Httle cold on 
me, which has made my lips strike out, and oppresses me 
somewhat. 

, Friday, July Srd. — Had a visit from Lady Hall's son 
about mid-day, a very sweet, thriving boy. Sir John and 
Lady Hall rode past to Kelso, and the boy came down 
thus far in the chaise. In the afternoon, went up to Sir 
Robert's. Had a long walk in the planting, drank tea, 
and supped. The good lady is looking bravely, and in 
very good spirits. Had abundance of agreeable chat, 
especially with Sir John. He and his lady came to Stitchill 
on Wednesday night. 



392 DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH [1761 

Saturday, July 4>th. — Prepared for to-morrow, and 
amused in garden and glebe. Got my mother removed in 
the evening upstairs, where she will be more retired. 

Sunday, July 5th. — Had Mr. Lis ton, ^ minister of Aber- 
douar, a nephew of ^Irs. Stevenson of Home Byres preach- 
ing for me in the afternoon. He has been 2 or 3 nights at 
Home B}Tes and I had a card from Professor Stevenson 
signifying that it would be agreeable to Mrs. Stevenson to 
have him to preach here to-day. He preached a very good 
sort of sermon on the Omniscience of God. The news 
have nothing remarkable. 

Munday, July 6th. — Walked to Home a.m. to see sick. 
Returned by Home Byres, where I dined and drank tea. 
Liston, I find, is an ordained assistant to liis father who 
is still ahve. A sensible enough sort of man, without much 
show. 

Tuesday, July 7th. — Walked to the Presb}i:ery, and had 
a very long sederunt. W. Ker and Jardine were attending, 
and made all the opposition they could to our examining 
the witnesses about the flagging of Mr. Tumbull's kitchen. 
At last, however, they were examined, but did not give an 
evidence so favorable to Mr. Turnbull as was expected. 
Ker, in a long written paper, made objections also to all 
the other articles of repairs, but that relating to the pave- 
ment held us so long, that we delayed the rest till next 
Presb}i:ery. Had J. Stevenson and Liston dining with us. 
Walked also part of the way to Kelso with [Minna]. It 
was 10 before I got home. 

Wednesday, July Sth. — Preached at Smallholm on Jere- 
miah 17, 9. CoUeagued with T. McDougall. Glenshiel, a 
young preacher, and nephew of Duncan, staying with him. 

Thursday, July 9ih. — Wrote to James Allan about Crowd's 
epitaph. Read the prefaces to Camden's Britannia, and 
Camden's Life. Read also some of Ferguson's account of 
the transit of Venus, which I got at Sir Robert's, and which 
I suppose came to them from Doctor Pringle. I imagine 

* Robert Liston, second son of John Liston, minister of Aberdour 
^ 733-^4- ordained as Assistant and Successor to his father 1754: 
Moderator of General Assembly 1787 : died 1796. 



1761] DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 398 

it is as plain as a thing of that sort can be made in such 
small compass, yet I would still wish for some elucidations. 

Munday, July 13th. — Rode to Linton, where I preached 
on Philippians 4. 7. Colleagued with T. McDougall. 
Andrew Chatto and his wife were coming to Kelso, which 
brought me along with them between 4 and 5. Rode 
with them to Maxwell-Heugh and then struck down to 
Sprouston to see T. Turnbull who has been with Robert 
at his Sacrament, which was yesterday. His son-in-law, 
R. Dundas,^ was there also, and Gloag, a young minister 
in Thomas's neighbourhood. ^ J. Hume had preached 
to-day, with whom I came away, and rode as far as 
Ednam. 

Tuesday, July 14^/i. — Sun and clouds, wind N.W. Cold 
for the season. Read some of Camden, and was at the 
lint mill seeing Gillie. Lady Hall called in her chaise on 
her way home from Newton in the evening, and bade us 
farewell. They intend to set out to-morrow. Will came 
in the evening. 

Wednesday, July I5th.-T-Went to Home a.m. to pay the 
poor. Returned between 2 and 3. Tait, the preacher, 
in passing to his uncle's, here at tea.^ 



1 Robert Dundas, minister of Humbie 1754-67, son of Robert Dundas, 
merchant, Edinburgh : married, 1760, EUzabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Turnbull, minister of Borthwick. Their eldest son became Sir Robert 
Dundas of Beechwood, Bart. 

2 WiUiam Gloag, son of Andrew Gloag, minister of West Calder : he 
was at this time minister of Cockpen, subsequently of Lady Yester's and 
the New North Parish, Edinburgh : D.D. 1770 : Almoner to His Majesty 
1792 : died 1802. 

2 See ante, p. 237, n. i. 



a.. .'• 



INDEX 



Abercromby's Martial Atchieve- 
ments, 119 and n, 123, 126, 128-9, 

371- 
Aberdour, Katherine, Lady, 214 

and n. 

Lord, 214 and n. 

Account of the Colonies of N. 

America, 218 and n. 
Advocates' Library, xvii, 139, 142, 

143- 
Ague, 65 and n, 68. 

Aitchison, John, minister at Mor- 
peth, 87 and n, 90, 140, 147, 149, 
165, 238, 343, 346. 

WiUiam, 145, 147, 149, 268. 

of Mainrigg, 47. 

Akenside, Dr. Mark, 187 and n. 

Allan, Betty, 210 and n, 211. 

Grace, wife of Andrew Edgar, 

in Eyemouth, xviii, 210 w. 

James, minister of Eyemouth, 

xviii, 3 and n, 8, 12, 15, 16, 22, 31, 
33, 37, 42, 51, 62, 65, 67, 91, 93-6, 
99, 115, 122, 129-35, 140, 147, 
152-9,162-4, 167-8, 170 andw,i77, 
188, 192, 196, 205-6, 210 and n, 
211 and n, 222, 226, 228, 233, 
258, 266, 267, 279, 290, 302, 310, 
313-15, 325, 327, 334, 345, 349, 
371, 376, 380-2, 387. 

Margaret, wife of George 



Craw of Netherbyres, 210 n. 
Allan-Bank, 31, 91, 99, 387. 
Anderson, George, chaplain in 

Watson's Hospital, 16 n, 110 n. 

Walter, minister of Chirnside, 

■ 31 and n, 60, 91, 99, 222, 249, 

257, 258, 267, 270, 387, 390. 
Wm., 327. 



Angelraw, 199. 

laird of. See Ridpath, James. 

Angely, minister at Rotterdam, 22. 

Miss, 84. 

Anna, Princess of 'Orange, 227 and n. 
Anstruther, Helen, wife of Dr. John 

Chalmers, 289 n. 
Apuleius, 342, 347, 349, 353-5- 
Aram, Eugene, 269 and n. 



Argyll, Archibald, 3rd Duke of, 

377 and n. 
Armstrong's Art of Preserving 

Health, 68 and n. 
Arnaldus de Villa Nova, alchemist, 

352 and n. 
Arrian, pupil of Epictetus, 335, 336, 

340. 

Avison's Essay on Musical Ex- 
pression, 34 and n. 

Aymer, Robert, 68, 69, 81, 217. 

Balderstone, Mrs., 8, 21 n, 22, 

202, 244, 294, 344, 381. 
Dr., in Berwick, 6 and n, 22, 

129, 274, 314, 325, 345, 365, 387. 
Ann, wife of George Henry, 



344 ^• 
George, 



a surgeon at St. 

Christophers, 2.1 n. 
Balfour, Elphinstone, bookseller in 

Edinburgh, 164 and n. 
Banks's Peter the Great, 77 and n. 
Bannerman, Patrick, minister of 

Saltoun, 300 n. 
Baptie, a boy, 64-5, 103. 
Barclay's Argents, 369 and n. 
Barnard, Sir John, on the scarcity 

of silver coin, 240 and n. 
Barnes's Homer, 69 and n. 
Barrington, Viscount, 345 and n. 
Barry, Sir Edward, 364 and n, 368. 
Baudier's Margaret of Anjou, 350. 
Bell, Ahson, 31, 88, 105, 125, 389. 

Bessy, 245. 

G., of Todrig, 383. 

George, a candidate for Hutton 

church, 52 and n, 62, 89. 

John, minister of Gordon, 98, 



150, 152, 190, 193, 207 and «, 
254, 256, 328. 

— Margaret, wife of John Brad- 
fute, minister of Dunsyre, 28 and 
n, 193 and n, 208. 

Richard, minister of Mording-* 



ton, 188 and n, 257. 
— Robert, chaplain R.N., 207 w, 
271 and n. 



395 



396 



DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 



Bellingham, Charlotte, wife of John 
Hume, minister of Greenlaw, 6 n. 

Belloni's Dissertation on Commerce, 
299 and n. 

Bentevoglio, Cardinal, 234 and n. 

Berkeley, George, Bishop of Cloyne, 
294 and n. 

Berwick archives, 381. 

fair, 320. 

Bevis, John, astronomer, 246 and n. 

Black, Robert, professor of chemis- 
try in Edinburgh University, 89 
and n. 

Blacket, Sir WilUam, 290. 

Blackwell, Thomas, principal of 
Aberdeen University, 69 and n. 

Blair, Rev. Hugh, 16 n. 

John, chronologist, 204 and n. 

Blake, Sir Francis, of Twizel Castle, 
120 and n, 122, 138, 145, 158, 

373-4- 
Robert, 159 n. 

Poerhaave's Hygieine, 353 and n. 

Boethius, 367. 

Bonar, John, minister of Cockpen, 

54 and n, 55, 66. 
Borthwick, Henry, Lord, 210 and n. 
Boston, Thomas [younger], minister 

of Ettrick, 54 and n, 76, 100 n, 

140, 172, 347. 
Boswell, Alexander, of Auchinleck, 

188 and w. 
Bowen's Compleat System of Geo- 
graphy, 69 and n. 
Bower's History of the Popes, 123 

and n. 
Bowman, Peter, 252. 
Boyle, Patrick, of Shewalton, 189 

and n. 
Boyse's Pantheon, 53. 
Brandenburgh Memoirs, 157. 
Bridgewater, pupils of Phihp Rid- 

path, 21 and w, 22, 23,91,145, 150. 
Broomlands, 256. 
Brown, builder of Melrose bridge, 79. 

rector of Duns School, 267. 

Sir Alexander, of Colstoun, 9 n. 

—^ — George, of Colstoun, 188 and n. 
John, author oi An Estimate 

of the Manners of the Times, 169 

and n. 
minister of Melrose, 145 

and n. 

M., wife of J. Landreth, 112. 

Richard, minister of Kingarth, 



Brunfield, H., ' an incorrigibly 

obstinate fool,' 113. 
Bryden, Agnes, wife of Sandy Home, 

minister of Polwarth, 45 n, 316 

and n. 
Patrick, scientist, 76 and n., 

278 and n. 

Robert, minister of Colding- 



ham, 85 and n, 188 and n, 375 

and n. 
Buchanan, David, historian, 219 

and n. 
George, xiii ; his Detectio, 243 ; 

Historia, 112 and n, 113, 368. 
John, minister of Foulden, 



8 n, 36, 37, 72, 144, 198. 
— William, minister of Maxton, 
186 and n, 214 and n, 330. 



37- 
Bunkle, 125 and n. 

Burlamaqui's Treatise on Political 
Law, 36^ and n, 367. 

Burn, James, minister of Forgan, 
379 and n. 

Burnet, Gilbert, History of the Refor- 
mation, 47 and n, 231, 234. 

Nancy, in Redbraes, 13, 89, 

216, 335. 

Bute, Earl of, secretary of state, 

375. 
Butler, Samuel, his Remains, 311, 

312. 

Bythner, Victorinus, his Lyra Pro- 

phetica, 2 and n. 

Caldron Brae, 69, 178, 198. 
Camden's jBnYawwm, 118, 121, 206-7, 

213. 
Campbell, Alex. Hume, Lord Clerk 

Register, 49 and n, 103 and n. 
William, minister of Lilliesleaf , 

257 and n, 280, 314, 319, 331, 

344-5- 

Cancer cure, 126. 

Canton, John, schoolmaster in 
London, 23 and n ; his method of 
making loadstones, 27, 30. 

Carlyle, Alexander, minister of Inver- 
esk, II and n, no, 138, 251 ; his 
Plain reasons for removing . . . 
Pitt from His Majesty's Councils, 
240 and n. 

Carre, George, of Nisbet, 189 and n. 

Carsphairn settlement, lo-ii. 

Carter's translation of Epictetus, 
335 and n, 336. 

Cathcart, Charles, 9th Lord, com- 
missioner to the General Assembly, 
12 and n, 250. 

Cebes, a disciple of Socrates, 275 
and n. 



INDEX 



397 



Celsus translated by James Grieve, 
28 and w, 29, 30, 41, 63, 68. 

Chair, Mrs. Waite carried from Ber- 
wick to Fishwick in a, 325. 

Chalmers, John, minister of Kil- 
conquhar, 289 and n. 

Chandler, Samuel, dissenting minis- 
ter, preaches in Edinburgh, 80 
and n, 331, 344. 

Charlevoix's Histoire . . . de la 
Nouvelle France , 17 and n. 

Chatto, Andrew, minister of More- 
battle, 14 and n, 16, 36, 37, 45, 50, 
54, 56, 57, 87, loi, III, 115, 119, 
130, 140, 141, 165, 170, 177, 178, 
190, 206, 213, 217, 220, 223, 235, 
254, 256, 303, 346, 357, 366, 393. 

Mrs., loi. III, 173. 

Chirnside Presbytery censured, 37. 

Chisholm, W., 202, 381. 

Cicero's de Legibus, 359, 361 ; de 
Officiis, 186, 311 ; de Oratore, 114, 
123, 128. 

Clarendon's Life, 306. 

Clark, Samuel, his edition of Caesar, 
171 and n. 

Cleghorn, George, author of Ob- 
servations on Diseases . . . in 
Minorca, 67 and n, 94. 

• John, 49, 60, 90, 130, 153, 161, 

165, 166. 

in Maxwellhaugh, 326. 



Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, 45 n. 
Cleveland, Duchess of, 307 and n. 
Cockburn, Betty, 31, 106. 

Peggy, 106. 

Thomas, 245. 

W., 298. 

Colden's Five Indian Nations, 14 

and n, 16. 

William, 264 and n. 

Coldingham, 55. 

priory, 137, 139, 140, 142-3. 

CoUingwood, Dorothy, wife of 

Walter Ker, yr. of Littledean, 

35 >«, 36. 
Colville, James, house-governor in 

Heriot's Hospital, 167 and n. 
Complete system of Geography, 21-2. 
Compton of Learmouth, 23, 35. 
Considerations on the German War, 
. 360. 
Corsnip, John, drowned in the 

Tweed, 367. 
Coustelier, Antoine Urbain, 157 

and n. 
Couston, xix, 6 n. 
Coutts, Frances, 8 n. 



Coutts, James, of Hampton and 

Whitsome Hill, 7 and n. 
John, lord provost of Edin- 
burgh, 7 «, 8 «. 
Covenanters, Ridpath's opinion of, 

179. 
Coventry, George, minister of Ihe 

Secession church at Stitchel, xii, 

15 and n, 79 and n, 116, 138, 378 

and n, 385. 
Cow, price of, 81. 
Craigie, Robert, of Glendoick, Lord 

President, 188 and n. 
Cramond, Robert, minister of Yar- 
row, 190 and n, 201. 
Cranston, John, minister of Ancrum, 

159 and n. 
Cranstoun, Lord, a frivolous dispute 

with the Marquis of Lothian, 3. 
Crawford, David, of Drumsoy, his 

Memoirs of the affairs in Scotland, 

151 and W-153. 
Matthew, Professor of Church 

History, 200 n. 
Critical Review, 239 and n. 
Crompton, Elizabeth, wife of the 

Earl of Marchmont, 88 and n. 
Crookham, 59. 
Crow, Mrs., xviii, 91, 145, 164, 390. 

Margaret, 145, 164 n. 

Polly, 254-7, 267. 

William, of Nether Byres, 

31 n, 42 n, 298, 370, 390, 392. 
Cruden, William, 249 n. 
Cullen's Lectures on Agriculture, 

359 and n, 360. 
Culloden Club, xvi, 4^ 66, 133, 244, 

379- 
Cumberland, Duke of, sends 20 

guineas to the author of Douglas, 

125. 
Cuming, Peter, minister of the Old 

Kirk, Edinburgh, 9 and m, 71. 
Cunningham, Alexander, professor 

of Scots Law in Edinburgh 

University, 158 and n. 
Cupples, George, minister of Swin- 

ton, 3 w, 7 and n, 31, 73, 82, 93, 

no, 159, 160, 196, 233-4, 244-5, 

264, 268, 273, 310, 320, 347, 348, 

379, 380, 383. 
Curry, G., 326. 
Cuthbertson, Alexander, minister 

of Edrom, 321 w. 

Dalrymple, Hugh, advocate, 112 

and n, 164. 
Sir James, of New Hailes, 143 n. 



398 



DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 



Dairymple, Sir John, of Cranstoim, 

165 and w, 166, 197-200, 
Davidson, surgeon in Kelso, 67. 
Henry, minister of Galashiels, 

loi and n. 

James, 139, 143, 167, 168, 



210, 262. 

— ■ — John, of Haltree, D.K.S., 96 
and n, 194, 121-2, 149, 175, 184- 
185, 227, 233, 252. 

William, minister of Mord- 

ington, 203, 218, 329 and 
n, 346, 360, 364, 369, 373, 

379. 
Dawson, Mr. [father of Mrs. George 

Ridpath], xviii, xx, 3, 15, 34, 77, 

108-9, n8, 163, 190, 210, 305, 

307-8. 

— — Cicely, 161. 

John, of Harper-Town, 39, 

339, 346. 

Jimmy, brother of Minna, 



225-7, 308-9, 380 and n. 

— Robert, minister of Stow, 

244-5, 343. 

— Thomas, 9, 37, 43, 57, 63, 



135, 150, 227. 

[a boy] dies because of 

an accident, 373, 377. 

Wilhelmina, afterwards wife 



of George Ridpath, xxi, 9 and 
w, 51, 85, 114, 151, 158, 187, 
215, 217-18, 246, 252, 277, 289, 
305, 307-8, 317, 327-9, 334, 337-8, 
350, 358, 368-9, 372, 377, 379-80 
and n, 386-7 and n, 392. 
William, 218, 366-7. 



Deans, Robert, minister of Crailing, 

312 and n. 
Dick, Robert, minister of Trinity 

palish, Edinburgh, 250-1. 
Dickson, a merchant in London, 

297-8. 
Adam, minister of Duns, aftw. 

of Whittinghame, 21 and n. 

David, of Antonhill, 361 n. 

Wm., in Oxmuir, 72, 181-2, 



229, 326, 341, 346. 
jDobbie (Doby), schoolmaster in 

Kelso, 24, 70, 71, 80, 87, 109, 

119, 144, 150, 154, 165, 198, 283, 

321 and n. 
Dodds, Edward, 7. 

Edmund, 220. 

Dodsley's Miscellanies, 290 and n, 

298 and M, 300. 
Don, Sir Alexander, 121, 128, 212, 

226, 267, 270, 323, 334. 



Don, Lady, 25 and w, 191, 198, 212, 
217, 270, 323, 379. 

Capt. Archibald, 172. 

Doubleday, Dr., 8 and n, 287-8, 356. 

Douglas, John, minister of Jed- 
burgh, 100 and n, 210 and w, 268, 

Jos., of Eddrington, 327. 

William, his Summary hist, and 

polit. of the British Settlements 
in North America, 53 and n, 58. 

Drummond, Sir William, of Haw- 
thornden, his History of Scotland, 
86 and n, 87, 178 ; Works, 108. 

Dudgeon, T., 172, 349. 

Du Halde's H4story of China, 74 and 

^, 83. 
Duncan, Alexander, minister of 

Gordon, 160, 196, 206, 263 and n, 

265, 298, 309, 329, 363. 
minister of Smailholm, 

78 and n, 83, 149, 151. : 

David, minister of Stow^ 190 



and n, 210. 
Dundas, Robert, of Arniston, Lord 

Advocate, 96-7 and n, 184 and n, 

330 and n. 
minister of Humbie, 304 

n, 326, 393 and n. 

Sir Robert, of Dunira, xx. 



Dunglass, 146, 149, 183, 315 and n, 
Dunse mineral well, 89, 91. 
Dupin's History, 154 and n, 157. 
Durham, D., 206. 
Dysart, Bessie, wife of Patrick 

Smith, J51, 267, 361 and n. 

David, 266 and n. 

Fanny, wife of Major Walter 

Home, 252, 303, 349 and n, 388. 

J., 320. 

Jean, wife of David Dickson 



of Antonhill, 361 and n. 

— John, minister of Coldingham, 
6 n, 317 and n. 

— Mary, 198. 
Matthew, minister of Eccles, 



xvii-xix, 6 and n, 7, 25, 28, 37, 
60, 76, 82, 88, 106, no, 112, 113, 
125, 149-51, 159-60, 165, 178, 
192, 195-7, 207, 208, 213, 216, 239, 
252, 289, 318, 320, 328, 335, 337, 

350, 364. 

Nan, 86, 136, 140, 152, 155, 

171, 178 and n, 179. 

Edgar, Andrew, 91, 164, 170, 245, 
257,267,274. 

Richard, 274. 

Mrs., 390. 



INDEX 



399 



Edinburgh in 1755, 13. 

Foundling Hospital, 80. 

Kdmiston, Andrew, 32, 124. 

Ednam, 16, 21, 37, 38, 121, 127-8, 
142, 175, 177, 178, 184, 185, 198, 
206, 212, 227, 311, 320, 326, 346, 

363, 369, 372. 
Edrom, 138, 225-6, 228, 265-6, 310, 1 

320, 356. 
Edward, Prince, rumour of elope- 
. ment with a schoolgirl, 366. 
Eglinton, Alexander, loth Earl of, 

366 and n. 
Electric experiments, 25-7. 
Elibank, Patrick, 5th Lord, 195. 
EUicot's method of correcting 

pendulums, 26-7 and n. 
Elliot, Sir Gilbert, of Minto, Lord 

Justice-Clerk, 189 and n. 
Epictetus, xiv, 46, 335, 336, 340. 
Erskine, Charles, of Tinwald, Lord 

Justice-Clerk, 189 and n. 

■ Ebenezer, founder of the 

.Secession Church, 202 and n. 
Ewing, Agnes, wife of Alex. Home, 

minister of Stitchel, 31 w. 
Elizabeth, wife of, John Bell, 

minister of Gordon, 207 n. 
John, of Craigton, W.S., 31 n. 



Fairbairn, Edward, 119, 123, 217. 

— Mary, 217, 220. 

Fairholm, Adam, of Greenhill, 208 n. 

Fallside Hill, 297, 299. 

Ferdinand, King of Spain, 225 
and n, 229. 

Ferguson, Adam, his defence of 
Douglas, 125 and n ; author of 
Proceedings in the case of Mar- 
garet, called Peg, 373 and n, 

Fergusson, Sir James, of Kilkerran, 
226 and n. 

Ferrers, Earl, executed for murder, 
313 and n, 318. 

Fever, treatment of, 285-7. 

Ficinus, Marsilius, 39 and n, 
Plotinus, 50. 

Fiddes, Catherine, wife of WilUam 
Walker, minister of Mackerstoun, 
45 n, 261 and n, 265. 

Findlater, Thomas, minister of West 
Lothian, 206 and n. 

Fishwick, 115, 121, 139, 143, 325 
and n, 338, 

Fletcher's discourse on the Militia, 
III. 

Foote, Samuel, actor, 238 and n. 



Forbes, Wilham, Treatise on Tithes, 
137 and n. 

Ford, Grizel, wife of Robert Dick, 
251 n. 

James, minister of Lauder, 

260 and n, 263, 279. 

Fordyce, Alex., banker, 324 n. 

David, his Dialogues, concern- 
ing Education, 75 and n. 

James, his sermon on Un- 



lawful Pleasures, 324 and n. 
Foundling Hospital at Edinburgh, 

80. 
Fowberry, Northumberland, 148. 
Fragments of Ancient Poetry col' 

lected in the Highlands, 324, 337, 

338 and n. 
Francis, Philip, rector of Barrow, 

translator of Horace, i and n, 4. 
Friskin, G., 27. 

Gardiner, preacher in Marlborough, 
331, 344-5, 380. 

Genghis Khan, 259 and w, 260. 

George 11., 348, 351. 

George iii., proclamation agairist 
immorality, 351 ; changes his 
chaplains, 360. 

Gibson, Dr., 64, 163, 213. 

— — Annie, 26, 208. 

Glen, Alexander, minister of Kirk- 
ton^ afterwards of Galashiels, 
159 and n, 256 and w, 341. 

Glenelg heresy charge, 251 and n. 

Gloag, William^ minister of Cock- 
pen, 393 and n. 

Goaterson, Katherine, 69. 

Goguet, Anthony Yves, author of 
Ancient Arts and Sciences, 385 
and n, 388 n. 

Goldie. See Goudie. 

Gordon, George, 172 n, 308. 

Bank, Chirnside, 172 and n. 

Gotrie, R., operation on his tongue, 
162. 

Goudie or Goldie, John, minister of 
Penicuik, 22 and n, 80, 85, 134, 202 
and n, 221, 263, 295, 314, 317, 324. 

minister of Earlston, 191 

and n, 207, 209. 

Grant, Jane, wife of Robert Dundas 
of Arniston, 97 and n. 

William, of Prestongrange, 

189 and n. 

Gray, Alexander, 358. 

John, 136. 

Greaves' Pyramidographia, 122 and 
n. 



400 



DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 



Greenknowe, Lady, 208. 

Greenwood, James, his English 
Grammay, 203 and n. 

Grieve, Ben., 356, 

Henry, minister of Twynham, 

aftw. of New Greyfriars, Edin- 
burgh, 239 and w, 278, 383 
and n. 

Dr. James, 322, 365; his 



translation of Celsus, 28 and n, 

29, 30. 4i» 60-1, 63. 
GuUan, WiUiam, minister of Leger- 

wood, 162 and w, 191, 207. 
Guthrie, Henry, his Memoirs of 

Scottish AffairSy 179 and n. 



Haig of Bemersyde, 145. 

P., 389- 

Hairy-Heugh, 85, 190, 198, 217, 

246, 269, 292-3. 
Hall, of Lowick, 197. 

Isabella, 264 and n. 

John, operation on, for stone, 

III. 
— ^: — Sir John, 149, 264 and «, 

270, 276 and n, 277 and n, 

278-9, 281, 289, 306, 332, 340, 

382, 391. 
Lady, 306, 366 and n, 369, 

391, 393- 



widow of Sir James 
Hall of Dunglass, 64 and n. 
r— Peggy, 84. 

T y, ' a sensible woman. 



when she likes,' 165. 

— Thomas, Berwick, iii. 

— William, 209, 264 and n, 274, 



314- 
Halley's comet, 246 and n. 

Hamilton, Gilbert, minister of 

Cramond, 138 and n. 
Helen. See Selkirk, Countess 

of. 



— John, Archbishop of St. 
Andrews, 183. 

Katherine. See Aberdour, 



Lady. 

— Thomas, of Fala, 96 and n. 
William, of Bangour, 264 n. 



Hanway's Travels, 81 and w, 82. 
Hardie, Jean, wife of John Aitchi- 

son, 87 n. 
Harper-town, 69, 207. 
Harrington's Oceana, 384 and n. 
Hart, Sally, 125 and n. 
— ^ Walter, minister of Bunkle, 

7, 125 n. 



Haswell, Adam, surgeon in Jed- 
burgh, 201 n. 

Ceciha, wife of John Kennedy, 

201 and n, 337 and n. 

Hawick, 160. 

Hawke destroys the Brest squadron, 
290. 

Hawsendean, 30. 

Hay of Drumboot, 117. 

James, 115-16, 289. 

Hemlock as a cure for cancer, 356. 

Henry, Matthew, his Scripture 
Catechism, 234 and n. 

Robert, minister at Berwick, 

afterwards of New Greyfriars, 
Edinburgh, 344 and n, 345, 
380-2, 385 and n. 

Hepburn, Helen, wife of John 
Lundie, 316 w. 

Patrick, minister of Ayton, 

85 and n, 133 and n, 188 and n, 

T.. 249. 



Heraldry, study of, 107-9. 
Heriot's Hospital, Edinburgh, 167. 
Hermiston-heads, 109. 
Herriot, John, 94, 155, 305, 314. 

Mary, 84. 

Sandy, 126, 202, 210. 

Heymer, Robert, 210, 226. 
Highland poetry, 324, 337, 338 

and n. 
Hill, John, apothecary, 330 and n. 
Hilton. See Johnston, Wynne, of 

Hilton. 
Hirsel, the, 2^ and n. 
Hislop, Adam, 256. 
History of the Douglases, 382-3. 
Hoadley and Wilson's treatise on 

Electricity, 119, 121. 
Hogg, Alison, 147, 190-1, 259. 
Richard, 256. 

Robert, minister of Roxburgh, 

98 and n, 178, 241. 

Holdernesse, Robert, Earl of. Sec- 
retary of State, 280 and n. 

Holdsworth's notes on Virgil, 76 
and n. 

Home, village of, 2 and n, 4, 7, 9. 

See also Hume. 

Mr., of St. Kitts, 274. 

Mrs., wife of Edward Inglis, 

druggist, 31 «. 
Alexander, minister of Abbey 

St. Bathans. See Hume. 

minister of Stitchel, 31 w. 

Andrew, of Otter burn, 20. 

son of Wm. Home, minis- 



ter of Fogo, 106 and n. 



INDEX 



401 



Home, Francis, M.D., author of Ex- 
periments on Bleaching, 56 and n, 
61, 71, 116 ; Principia Medicinae, 
182 and n ; and Principles of 
Agriculture, 116 and n. 

George, of Broadhaugh, minis- 
ter of Chirnside, 31 and n. 

Grizel, wife of Andrew JoUie, 



7 n, 10. 

— Helen, wife of Alex. Duncan, 
minister of Smailholm, 78 n. 

— Henry, Lord Kames, 11 and n, 
16 and n, 43, no n, 186 and n, 
188, 282, 340, 348. 

James, minister of Bowden, 



50 and w, 172 and n. 

— Jenny, 160. 

— John, collector of taxes for the 
Merse, 310 and n, 348, 375. 

minister of Athelstane- 



ford, and author of Douglas, xix, 
7 and n, lo and n, 13, 28, 51, 
88-9, 108 andn, iioandw, 1 12-13, 
118-19, 124 and n, 125-6, 166 n ; 
receives ;^ioo from the Princess of 
Wales, 135 ; and ;^ioo per annum 
from the Prince of Wales, 136 ; 
his Mgis, 177 and n ; his Siege of 
Aguileia, 307. 

— Margaret, wife of George 
Campbell, minister of LiUiesleaf, 
31 n, 257 and n. 

Mary, wife of Robert Hogg, 



minister of Roxburgh, 98 n. 

— Patrick, minister of Hutton 
[1679], 142, 144. 

— Patrick [1758], 180. 

— PoUy, 208. 

— Sophia, wife of Walter Scott, 
minister of Westruther, 29 n. 

— Walter, aftw. Col. 42nd High- 
landers, 168 and n. 

William, Earl of, 25, 59, 114- 



115, 146, 148, 163, 179-80, 189, 
193-4, 209, 228, 230, 233, 235, 
282, 357. 

minister of Fogo, 1722- 

1756, 7 and w, 21, 106 n, 186 and n. 
minister of Polwarth, 



1735-58, and of Fogo, 1758-84, 
10 and n, 21, 57, 75-6, 82, 88-9, 
106 n, no, 135, 159, 163, 196-7 
and n, 209, 312 ; the victim of 

• a paternity scandal, 19-20 and n. 

Home Byres, 17 n, 25. 

Hooke, Nathaniel, Jacobite agent, 
his Negotiations in Scotland, 331 
and n. 



Hooke, Nathaniel [nephew], vindi- 
cation of Newton's Chronology^ 
174 and n, 175. 

Hope, Dr., 311. 

Horn, Elizabeth, wife of George 
Coventry, 378 and n. 

Horse, price of, 70. 

Hoy, Chry, 339. 

Hume. See also Home. 

Alexander [Sandy], minister 

of Abbey St. Bathans, aftw. of 
Polwarth, xix, 2, 6 n, 28 and n, 
45 and n, 91, 150, 164, 197, 271, 
316 and n. 

Alison, wife of Phihp Ridpath, 



xxii. 



— Lady Ann, wife of Sir John 
Paterson of Eccles, 28 and n, 258. 
David, philosopher and his- 



torian, xiii, xvii, 118, 143-4, 250 ; 
his ' collection of Atheism,' 73 ; 
his Essays, 319 ; his History of 
Great Britain, 15-16 and n, 261-2, 
264 ; his Natural History of Re- 
ligion, 131. 

— David, Clerk of Session, 6 «, 
143, 189 and n. 

— George, Ueut. R.N., 6 n. 

James, minister of Bowden, 305. 

Jean, wife of Matthew Dysart, 



minister of Eccles, 6 n. 

John, minister of Greenlaw, 

xviii, 6 m, 19, 28, 58, 89, 103, io6n, 
114, 138, 151-2, 174, 195-6, 208, 

214, 236, 239, 254, 258, 335, 364, 
375. 

Hunter, John, 57, 59, 63, 66, 248, 

290, 357- 

Wilham, surgeon, 41 and n. 

Hurd's edition of Horace's Art of 
Poetry, 131 and n, 132. 

Hutton, settlement of, xviii and n, 
51 and n, 52 and n, 55, 57, 61-2, 
114-15, 119, 122, 124, 142, 144, 
146, 148-9, 170, 175-6, 180, 183, 
184, 188-9, 192, 194, 209, 213, 

215, 227-8, 230, 233, 235-6, 241, 
246, 251, 253, 283. 

Hutton-Hall, 65, 327, 365 and n. 
Huxham, John, physician, 90 and 

n ; his Treatise of Antimony, 60 

and n. 
Hyde, Anne, 307 and n. 
Hydromel, 277 and n. 

Inglis, Ann, wife of Thomas Mac- 
dougal, minister of Mackerstoun, 
282 n. 



2c 



402 



DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 



Inglis, Edward, druggist in Edin- 
burgh, 31 «. 

Innes, James, minister of Mertoun, 
17 and n, 84, 130. 

Inoculation for measles, 259. 

Irish Compendium, 106-9. 

Jardine, John, minister of the 
Tron Church, Edinburgh, 134 
and n. 

Jedburgh schoolmaster called to 
account for going to hear Boston, 

347- 
settlement of, 54 and w, 55, 66, 

99-100. 

Jeffrey, Ninian, Musselburgh, 10, 

88, 334. 
Thomas, in Whitsum, 45 n. 

W., 147. 

Jews in Prague, 354. 

Johnson, Andrew, 30, 103, 1 14-15. 

Johnston, David, minister of Lang- 
ton, 196. 

Wynne, of Hilton, 8 and n, 

51-2, 55-7, 59, 65, 78, 82, 86, 
310, 365 n. 

Mrs., 51, 65, 310, 325. 



JoUie, Andrew, tailor in Edinburgh, 

7 n. 
JoUy, John, minister of Simprim, 

210 and n, 324, 383, 390. 
Jortin's Life of Erasmus, 332 and n, 

333- 
Joseph, King of Portugal, attempted 

assassination of, 226 and w, 230-1. 

Kay, George, minister of Old 

Greyfriars, Edinburgh, 355 and n. 
Keith, nde Macleod, Mrs., projected 

marriage to James Allan, xviii, 

211, 222, 233, 242 ; intrigue with 

Collector Temple, 295-6. 

James, field-marshal, 242 and n. 

Robert, his History of Scotland, 

183, 186 and n, 192, 236. 
Kelso bridge, 66, 70, 78, 81, 82-3, 

90, 178 ; the fall of an arch, 98, 

100 ; damaged by flood, 212. 
Subscription Library, xiii and 

«, 6, 38-9, 165, 292-3, 296, 298-9, 

355-8, 361. 
Kennet's Romae Antiguae Notitia, 

18 and n. 
Ker of EtaU, 158. 

■ Miss, of Nisbet, 270. 

• Abraham, minister of Nen- 

thorn, 10 and n, 15-16, 40, 152, 

176, 195, 207, 271-2. 



Ker, Andrew, 40. 

Barbara, wife of Francis Scott, 

minister of Westruther, 28 w. 
John, 58, 67, 90, 157, 174, 182, 



203, 296, 309, 358, 373. 
Strother, of Littledean, 

35 *^- 

Robert, of Broadmeadows, 



59 and n, 

— Thomas, of Broadmeadows, 
52 n. 

— W., of Fallsidehill, 48. 

— Walter, yr. of Littledean, 35 w. 
William, 176, 266, 268, 301, 



312, 339, 343, 389, 392. 
Keysler's Travels through Germany^ 

142 and n, 354. 
Kirkland, Isobel, wife of James 

Ford, 260 n, 
Kirkwood, Ehzabeth, wife of James 

Mason, minister of Yarrow, 232 n. 
Isobel, wife of Wm. Brown, 

minister of Maxton, 214 «. 
Knox's History, xiii, 217. 

Lahontan's Voyages to North 

America, 17 and n, 18. 
Landreth, James, 112 and n. 
minister of Simprin, 7 

and n, 45, 75, 85, 91, 93-4, 112 

and n. 
Langtown estate for sale, 153. 

settlement, 129-31. 

Lauder, Jean, wife of Richard 

Brown,ministerofLochmaben,9w. 
Laurie, Mr., 58. 

Mrs., 96, 302. 

Gilbert, of Crossry, minister of 

Hutton, 2.1 n. 

treasurer of Edinburgh, 



96, 121, 139, 146, 184-5, 188, 189. 
James, minister of Langton, 



aftw. of Hawick, 20 and w, 94, 
98-9, 105-6, 129 and n, 159, 172, 
197, 216. 

Rebecca, wife of George 



Balderstone, 21 w. 

Leaping-on stone, 293 and n. 

Leek, Henry, 57 and n. 

Joseph, minister of Yetholm, 

14 and n, 18, 57 and w, 124, 151, 
190, 213. 

Lee, John, 162. 

Thomas, 218. 

Leitch, John, 311. 

Mary, dealt with for fornica- 
tion, 289-90, 293, 317, 320, 362, 
369, 374, 388. 



INDEX 



403 



Leith settlement, lo-ii and n. 
Lenfant's Nouveau Testament, 35 

and n. 
Libraries or reading clubs, xiii and «, 

283 and n. See also under Rid- 

path (George). 
Life of Prince Eugene, 78-9. 
Lillie, T., 141. 
Lilliesleaf, 306, 319, 331. 
Lindsay of Pitscottie's History of 

Scotland, 106 and n, 107. 
Lisbon earthquake, 43-4, 46-8 ; 

conspiracy against King Joseph, 

226 and n ; execution of con- 
spirators, 230-1. 
Liston, Robert, minister of Aber- 

dour, 392 and n. 
Lockhart, Alexander, lawyer, 148. 
Logan, George, minister of Lauder, 

his Treatise on Government, 117 

and n. 
Logie heritors, 249 and n. 
Lothian, William, 3rd Marquess, 

3, 49 and n. 
Lottery tickets, xix, 116-17, 120, 

135- 
Love, John, rector of Dalkeith 

Grammar School, 118 and n. 
Lundie or Lundy, Allan, minister of 

Hutton, 142, 146. 
Archibald, minister of Saltoun, 

209 and n, 211, 300 and n, 316 n. 
Cornelius,minister of Kelso,xx, 



4 and n, 10, 24, 27-9, 33, 37, 40, 
66, 87, 90, 100, 104, 108-11, 115, 
124, 129-30, 135, 151, 153, 165-6, 
170, 172-3, 188-9, 209, 212, 219-21 
227-8, 243-4, 254, 256-7, 268, 271, 
274, 298, 312, 316 n, 318, 330-1, 
335-6, 339, 341, 343, 365-9, 374-7, 
380, 383. 

— Henry, minister of Trinity 
parish, Edinburgh, 136 and n. 
James, minister of Hutton, 



142, 144, 145-6. 
— John, minister of Oldham- 
stocks, 316 and n. 

Robert, minister of Kelso, 4 n. 



Lyttleton's Dialogues of the Dead, 
321 and n, 323. 

Macaulay, ^neas, minister of 

Applecross, 251 and n. 
M'Doual of Castle-Semple, 91. 
Macdougall, Barbara, 301 n, 

Col. George Hay, 301 and n, 

Thomas, minister of Mackers- 

toun, 282 and w, 293-4, 299, 301, 



304, 309, 312, 326, 346, 350, 366, 

370, 374, 379, 392-3- 
Macdowal, Andrew, of Bankton, 

189 and n. 
Macfait, Ebenezer, 363 and m, 
M'llwraith, Mr., 124 ; accused of 

fornication, 289, 317, 320, 357, 

362-3, 366, 369, 374, 376. 
Mack, John, 120, 249, 385. 
Mackenzie, James, his History of 

Health, 349 and n, 350-2. 
Mackill, Elizabeth, wife of Wm. 

Trotter, 37. 
Macleod, Mr., father of Mrs. Keith, 

205, 233. 
Macpherson, James, his Fragments 

of Ancient Poetry, 324, 337, 338 

and n. 
Macqueen, Robert, Lord Braxfield, 

100 and n. 
Macquer's Elements of Chemistry^ 

227 and n. 
Madan, Spencer, bishop of Peter- 
borough, 360 and n. 
Mains, Chirnside, 164 and n. 
Man, James, an Aberdeen philo- 
logist, 112 n, 122. 
Mansfield, Lord, his paper on the 

history of Berwick, 381-2. 
March, William, 3rd Earl of, 366 

and n. 
Marchmont, Hugh, 3rd Earl of, 

19-20, 55-7, 59-60, 65, 72-3, 76, 

78, 81-2, 84, 88 and n, 89, 208 

and n, 213, 222, 226, 258, 272, 

282, 328. 

Lady, 88 and n. 

Marie pit at Home Byres, 326. 
Marriages in the church, 77 and n. 
Marshall Meadows, 390. 
Marshall, Isobel, wife of Adam 

Murray, minister of Abbey St. 

Bathans, 316 and n. 
Mason, Ahson, wife of Thomas 

Pollock, minister of Ednam, 3 n. 

G., in Hassendean, 5. 

James, minister of Yarrow, 

6 and n, 232 and n, 389 and n. 
Mary, wife of John Waugh, 



minister of Whitsome, 3 and n. 
WiUiam, his Odes, 84 and n ; 



and Caractacus, 363 and n. 
Maule, Jean, dau. of the Hon. 

Harvey Maule of Kellie, 35 n. 
Mead, Richard, 41 and n ; his 

Monita et Praecepta Medica, 4 

and n, 353 ; the Medica Sacra^ 

30« 



404 



DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 



Medical Essays and Observations, 

150. 
Mellerstane fair, 81. 
Melrose abbey, 145, 255. 
bridge destroyed by a flood, 

352 n. 
Melville, Sir James, of Hallhill, 

Memoirs, 107 and n, 157-8. 
Thomas, his Observations on 

Light, 89 and n. 
Merton, 163 and n. 
Meteor of November 1758, 215, 303. 
Middleton, laird of, 18. 
Mihtia Bill, 313. 
Millar, John, 252. 
Miller, James, 221. 
John, M.D., 18 and n, 26, 34, 

51, 63, 86, 92-3, 105, 114, 126-7, 

130, 140-1, 160, 174, 182, 195, 

212, 226-7, 239, 291-2, 305, 308, 

310. 
Philip, his Gardeners' Diction- 

^»'y> 235 and n, 319 and n, 338 

and n. 

Sir Thomas, of Glenlee, 238 



and n, 249 
Milton's History of England, 291. 
Minden, battle of, 264 and n, 266. 
Mineral well at Dunse, 89 ; at 

Home, 259. 
Moncrieff, Matthew, minister in 

Shetland, 12 and n. 
Monteith, Robert, minister of Long- 

formacus, 20 and n, 21, 31, 93, 

95, 99-100, 129-30, 133, 163, 197, 

279-80, 314, 328, 348, 380. 
Montesquieu's Lettres Persanes, 320 

and n. 
Monthly Magazine, 239 and n. 
Moore, Henry, methodist preacher, 

258 and n. 
Morebattle, 57, 109. 
Morhof's Polyhistor, 44 and n. 
Morton, James, Earl of, 390 and n. 
Moschus' Epitaph on Bion, 46 and n. 
Mow, John, of Mains, 164 n, 309, 

315- 

Moyse's Memoirs, 156 and n, 159. 

Murray, Lady, daughter of George 
Baillie of Jerviswood, 253 and n, 
283. 

Adam, minister of Abbey St. 

Bathans, 22 and n, 203 and n, 
• 310 and *^, 316 and n, 387. 

John, of Kinaldy, 17. 

WilHam, of Polmaise, 343 and n. 

Musschenbroek's Natural Philo- 
sophy, 87 and n. 



Nealson or Neilson, Elizabeth, 
wife of John Goldie, minister in 
Berwick, 22 n, 202 and n, 382. 

Ephraim, 28, 212, 322, 342 ; 

his Life and Philosophy of 
Pythagoras, 113, 114. 

Mary, 21, 86, 149, 151, 245. 



Nenthorn, 67, 84, 152, 175-6. 
Nepos' Life of Atticus, 42. 
Nether Byres, 31 and n. 
Newcastle, Duke of, 81, 82. 
New Hailes house, 143 and n. 
Newton Don, 25 n. 
Nicholson, Mrs., 137, 294-6, 314, 

345, 381. 
Nicol, John, 241, 382, 386. 
Nicolson's Historical Libraries, 370 

and n, 371. 
Nisbet, mason, 327, 374. 

Lord, 343. 

WiUiam, of Dirleton, 1 73 and w, 

327- 
Nixon, John, 381. 

Norden's Egypt and Nubia, 122 

and n. 

Nugent, Richard, poet, 298 and n. 

Thomas, author, 336 and n. 

O'Brien, John, captain R.N., 

333 w, 341. 

Mrs. See Pollock, Alison. 

Observations on the . . . writings of 

Sopho and David Hume, 16 and n, 

18. 
Oldmixon, John, 46 ; 'a captious, 

wrangUng fool,' 47, and a 

' factious wretch, 48 ; his History 

of Maryland, 48. 
Ormiston, Dr., 369. 
Charles, of Hendersyde, 70 n, 

83. 



Jean, wife of John Waldie of 
Berryhill, 70 n. 

Marion, wife of J. Home, 



minister of Bowden, 50. 
Mary, 172 n. 



Oxfuird, Henrietta, Viscountess of, 

96 n. 
Oxmuir, 181, 194. 

Palairet's Concise Description of 

the English and French possessions 

in North America, 45 n. 
Palladio's Architecture by Ware, 

269 and n, 270. 
Palmer, Susanna, wife of Tom 

Pollock, 323 n. 
Park, Mrs., 90. 



INDEX 



405 



Parliamentary History, 301 and n. 
Paterson, of Newton wawk-mill, 

372. 
regimental chaplain, 172. 

Sir John, of Eccles, 28 and n, 



314- 



John, 236, 258. 



Paton, Duncan, 312, 

William, minister of Eckford, 

186 and n. 

Paxton's, in the Grassmarket, Edin- 
burgh, 167. 

Payne's Chronicle, 219 and n. 

Peagrim, Mary, wife of James 
Coutts of Hampton, 8 n. 

Pearce, Zachary, bishop of Roches- 
ter, 114, 359 and n; his trans- 
lation of Cicero, 128-9. 

Pease Dean, Dunglass, 315 w. 

Pettie, EUzabeth, wife of the Lord 
Clerk Register, 103 n. 

Plato's de Legibus, 302, 359, 360, 
361, 363 ; Republica, 291, 293, 
297 and n. 

Plautus' Amphitruo, 36 and n ; 
Aulularia and Curculio, 301 ; 
Mostellaria, 215. 

Plutarch's Lives, no. 

Pococke, Richard, bishop of Meath, 
347 and n. 

Pollock, Alison, aftw. Mrs. O'Brien, 
83 «> 84, 92, 123, 165, 187 and n, 
323 n, 332, 333 and n, 341, 355. 

Allan, schoolmaster in Lon- 
don, 83 and n, 263. 

Elizabeth [the Naiad], xxi, 



200 M, 206, 214-16, 219 and n, 220 
and «, 222, 224, 228, 232, 236, 
241, 260, 263, 298, 306, 309, 312, 
326, 336, 370. 

— George, in Paisley, 263. 

— Henry, 193. 

— Isobel, 190, 200 and n, 260, 
263, 343. 

— Mary, 241, 270. 
Thomas, minister of Ednam, 



xxi, 3 and w, 4, 9, 15-16, 20, 30, 
37-8, 115, 121, 182, 255, 270, 274, 

332, 346, 357, 374, 377, 389. 

[son], 83 and n, 84, 86, 



102-3, 107, 112, 141, 190, 323 

and n. 
Poly metis, 164-5, 171. 
Pontoppidan's Natural History of 

Norway, 33 and n. 
Postlethwaite's Dictionary of Trade 

and Commerce, 115 and n. 
Potts, Andrew, 37, 121, 178. 



Potts, Charles, 206. 

Robert, minister of Ettrick, 

160 and n. 
T., 99. 



Pow, Robert, baiUe of Coldstream, 

192 and n. 
Prendergast, 324 and n. 
Primrose, James, minister of 

Crichton, 138 and n. 
Pringle, Andrew, Lord Alemore, 10 

and n, 13, loo-i, 114, 238 and n, 

Francis, 42 and n. 

M.D., 103. 

W.S., 301, 305 and w, 

306, 308, 311-12. 

Gilbert, of Torsonce, brother 



of Sir Robert, 58 and n, 62, 66, 
209, 225 n, 282, 334, 340, 343; 
346, 349, 360-2, 370-9. 
— James, of Bowland, 128 and n , 

334, 362. 

Sir John, physician to the 



king, 41-2, 61 n, 182 and n, 
— Katherine, wife of Sir Robert 
Pringle of Stitchel, 2 n. 

Madeleine, wife of Sir John 



Hall, 72, 123, 158, 201, 276 and n, 
277 and n, 278, 279, 281. 
— Marion, wife of John Strother 
Ker of Littledean, 35 w. 

Mary, mother of Henry Lord 



Borthwick, 210 and n, 225. 
— Peggy, 15 and n, 26, 72, 85, 90, 

148, 175, 305, 315, 322, 358. 
Sir Robert, of Stitchel, 2 and n, 



4, 7, 49, 64, 97, III, 114, "6, 1 18, 
I20, 124-5, 148, 152, 175, 182, 
195, 210, 238, 246, 248, 255, 260, 
262, 266, 281-2, 289, 291, 301, 
311, 328, 334, 340, 343, 353, 367, 

371, 375, 377, 384, 386. 
— Miss, 72, 114, 120, 121, 123, 

125, 133, 135. 

Mrs., 15 and n, 90, ;^25 and w, 



•360. 



Sophia, 208 and n. 

— Tommy, 229. 

— Sir Walter, of Lochtown, 103 
and n. 

Walter, of Torsonce, 68, 84, 125 



and w, 182 and w, 247-8, 278, 

315-16. 
Purves, Mrs., in Kelso, 118. 

Alex., 97. 

Lady Anne, 82 and n, 254 

and n. 
Sir William, of Purves Hall, 



25 n, 42. 



2c2 



406 



DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 



Quebec taken by Wolfe, 279. 
Queen's Cairn, 104, 157, 382. 
Quintilian, 125-6, 340. 

Ramsay, Alex., 71, 74, 84, 170. 

Andrew Michael, his Discourse 

on Epick Poetry, 80 and n. 
William, 55, 212, 274, 331, 



335- 
Rapin's Histoire d'Angleterre, 200 

and fly 201, 203-4, 211, 215. 
Ray's Historia Plantarum, 319. 
Redbraes, 57. 
Reid, George, minister of St. 

Qui vox, 12 and n. 
KenBAilt's Abrege Chronologique, 164. 
Ren ton, John, of Blackadder, 8, 51, 

52 and n, 62, 65, 94, 283, 362. 
Riccaltoun, John, minister of Hob- 
kirk, 199 n. 
Robert, minister of Hobkirk, 

172 and n, 199 and n. 
Richardson, Alexander, 65, 289. 

■ James, in Currie, 2. 

minister of Mackerstoun, 

29 and n, loi, 196, 208, 240-1, 

243, 328, 380. 
minister of Morebattle, 



29 n, 74, 84 and n. 
Riddell, Esther, 306 n. 
Robert, minister of Lilliesleaf, 

306 and n. 
Ridpath, of Gladswood, 145. 

Misses, of Angelraw, 308. 

Adam, of Angelraw, 272-4, 

309, 314, 318. 
Charles, 102, 293, 311, 332, 



383. 



Elizabeth. See Waite, Mrs. 
— George, minister of Stitchel, 
note on the MS. Diary, vii, ix ; 
account of the author, ix ; his 
wide reading, xi-xiv ; his love of 
medical science, mathematics, and 
the classics, xiv ; his amusements, 
xvi ; his intimate friends, xx ; his 
marriage, xxi ; at meetings of the 
CuUoden Club in Kelso, 4, 133, 
379 ; on Francis's Horace and 
Voltaire's State of Europe, 4 ; a 
lively ordination at Abbey St. 
Bathans, 6 and n ; drinking at 
an ordination, 8 ; his Medical 
Adversaria, 19 and n, 20 ; on 
Grieve's translation of Celsus, 
30; provides his brother with 
a Thesis, 43, 46-47, 53; in- 
tends to write an Essay on 



Taste, 61-62, 64 ; buys a horse, 
70 ; collects money for the 
building of Kelso bridge, 81-3 ; 
preaches in the churchyard at 
Eyemouth, 85 ; a convivial 
meeting with Hamilton of Fala, 
96 ; dines with Macqueen of 
Braxfield, 100 and n; invests in 
tickets for the guinea lottery in 
the hope of paying his debts, 
xix, 1 16-17, 120, 135 ; on the 
clerical persecutors of Home's 
Douglas, 118 ; criticism of Aber- 
cromby's Martial Atchievements, 
119; his scheme for buying meal 
for the poor, 118, 121, 126, 128-9, 
131, 162 ; censures James Man 
for his attack on Ruddiman's 
edition of Buchanan, 122 ; on 
Bower's History of the Popes, 123 ; 
his opinion of Douglas, 127 ; 
visits the Advocates' Library, xvii, 
139, 142-3 ; his lottery tickets 
draw blanks, 161 ; at Heriot's 
Hospital, 167 ; finds punch makes 
the way more tolerable, 172 ; on 
the Covenanters, 179 ; convinced 
that marriages are made in 
Heaven, 205 ; preaches in the 
churchyard at Gordon, 207 ; in- 
terviews the Earl of Marchmont 
on the Hutton settlement, 208-9 '> 
revises his Euclid, 205, 211-13, 
260-1, 264-5 ; high jinks with 
Bessie Pollock, 220-1, 224; on 
the watch for Halley's comet, 
246-9 ; at a festive gathering at 
Edrom, 272 and n ; arranges and 
catalogues the books in the Kelso 
Library, 292-3, 296, 298-9, 355-8, 
361 ; on the influence of ' salacious 
coquetry,' 296 ; nurses Willie 
Waite through a fever, x, 285-8 ; 
on Smith's Theory of Moral 
Sentiments, 275 ; marries Made- 
leine Pringle to Sir John Hall, 
277 and n, ■z'jd,, 279, 281 ; preaches 
for I hour and 45 minutes, x, 322 ; 
on Voltaire's Candide, 322 ; pro- 
poses to Minna Dawson, 328 ; on 
Hooke's Negotiations, 331 ; on 
Jortin's Life of Erasmus, 332 and 
n, 333 ; reads Apuleius, 342, 347, 
349, 353-5 ; at a meeting where 
the Jedburgh schoolmaster was 
dealt with for going to hear 
Boston preach, 347 ; ' very gay ' 
at Waldie's and ' very jovial ' at 



INDEX 



407 



James Wood's, 348 ; on Arnal- 
dus de Villa Nova, 352 and n ; 
translates a portion of Boethius, 
367 ; prepares for a translation 
of Buchanan, 368-72 ; financially 
assisted by his brothers, 371- 
372 and n ; relinquishes the idea 
of doing anything with Buchanan, 
but conceives the idea of writing 
a History of the Borders, xii, 374- 
375 and n, 377, 385, 388, 391. 

Ridpath, James, of Angelraw, 7 
and n, 19, 20, 269. 

May, 161. 

Nancy, ix, xv, 5, 35, 58, 80-3, 

92, 102, 165, 289, 293, 307, 311, 
332, 386, 388, passim. 

Philip, minister of Hutton, ix, 



xii, 5 and n, 8, 9, 21 and n, 23-4, 50 
and n, 52 and n, 56-7, 59, 65, 86, 
91-3, 108-13, 124, 140, 144-5, 192, 
195, 197, 204, 209, 253-4, 274-5, 
298-9, 302, 309-14, 321, 338, 354- 
356, 365, 370-2, 380-4, 390 ; pre- 
sentation to Hutton, 72-3, 76, 78, 
81-5, 241, 244; his translation of 
Boethius' Consolations of Philo- 
sophy, xxii, 367-8 and n. 

William, minister of Edrom, 



ix, xiv, 2 and n, 5 and n, 36, 37, 
43, 51, 52, 53, 125 n, 157, 159, 
187, 197, 199, 207, 245, 254, 258, 
261, 265 and n, 272, 279-80, 309, 
320-21 and n, 348-9, 356, 358-9, 
366, 384, 387-8, 393. 

minister of Fogo, 258. 



Robert 11., 113, 117. 
Robertson, Mr., heritor in Lady kirk, 
255, 300 and n, 314-15. 

James, prof, of Oriental 

Languages, his Hebrew Grammar, 
265 and n. 

John, 190. 

Mary, wife of Patrick Brydone, 



77 n. 

— Peter, 299. 

— William, historian, xi, xiii, 
II w, 143, 240 n, 241-3, 250; his 
History of Scotland, 240 and n. 

minister of Gladsmuir. 



1 1 and n. 
Robson, P., 369. 
Rochead, Mr., bailie of Edinburgh, 

139- 
Rodd-am, Mary, wife of Wm. Home, 

57 n. 
Rogers, John, minister of Hownam, 

3 and n, ixo. 



RoUin's Histoire Ancienne, 181 

and n. 
Ronald, Mary, wife of Cornelius 

Lundie, minister of Kelso, 4 n. 
Ross, David, 32. 
Roxburghe, Robert, Duke of, 26 

and n, 293. 
Ruddiman, Thomas, editor of 

Buchanan's History, 112 and n, 

117 and n, 118, 122. 
Runningburn, 66, 358. 
Ruoeus' edition of Virgil, 297 and n. 
Russell's Natural History of Aleppo, 

93 and n, 94. » 

Rutherford, Anne, wife of Walter 

Scott of Sandyknowe, 98 n. 
Thomas, 90, 202, 221, 244, 

314, 381. 

Rutherforth's System of Natural 
Philosophy, 171 and n. 

Rutter, W., lottery agent, Edin- 
burgh, 156. 

Sage, ^neas, minister of Loch- 

carron, 251 and n. 
St. James's Fair, 22 and n, 23. 
Salmon's Universal Traveller, 54 

and n. 
Sanadon, Noel Etienne, i and n, 4. 
Sandyknowe, xiii, 98, 99, 132, 152, 

163. 
Sanetius, 38. 

Saxe's Reveries, 255 and n. 
Scioppius, Kasper, 38 and n. 
Scots Compendium, 113. 
Scott of Belford, 109. 

surgeon in Kelso, 65, 254. 

Francis, minister of West- 

ruther, 28 and n, 84, no and w, 

135, 159, 207, 209. 

John, minister of Twynholm, 



387 and n. 
— Robert, of Sandyknowe, 135, 

157, 214. 

Thomas, minister of Cavers, 



3, II and n, 37. 
— Walter, 161, 281. 

of Harden, 371 and n. 

of Sandyknowe, 98 and 

n, 99. 

WiUiam, prof, of Greek in 



Edinburgh University, 61 and n. 
Selby, Captain, of Paston, 318. 

Mr., of Paston, 56, 57. 

Selkirk, Dunbar, 4th Earl of, 214 

and n. 

Helen, Countess of, 214 and n. 

Service, W., 386, 



408 



DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 



Seton, Elizabeth, 31 w. 

Sharp, Samuel, surgeon, 41 and n, 
64 and n. 

Shaw, Dr., 105. 

Sherlock's Sermons, 231 and n. 

Shirley, WiUiam, governor of Massa- 
chusetts, 241 and n. 

Short, Alexander, 327. 

James, mathematician, 247 

and n. 

Thomas, 247 n. 



Simpson, Janet, superintendent of 
Pencaitland spinning industry, 

95 «. 
Peter, minister of Fala, 95 

and n, 96, 138. 

Thomas, mathematician, 265 



and w. 
Sinclair, Charles, 309. 
Sked, John, minister of Abbey St. 

Bathans, 30, 33, 120, 190, 196, 201, 

213 and w, 257, 268, 338, 364, 388. 
Slated roofs in 1756, 91 and n. 
Slater, schoolmaster in Sprouston, 

329 and n. 
Small-pox, 58, 120. 
Smeaton, John, engineer, 27 and w, 

30, 115, 249. 
Smith of Quickswood, 7. 
Adam, his Theory of Moral 

Sentiments, 273 and n, 275. 

Archibald, death of his wife, 



236. 



Charles, 222. 
wine merchant of Bou- 
logne, 31 n. 

David, minister of Innerwick, 



272 and n. 

— Margaret Agnes, wife of Sir 

John Steuart, of Allanbank, 31 w. 

Patrick, 361 w. 



Solis, Antonio de, his Conquista de 

Mexico, 218 and n. 
Somerville (Somervail), John, 8, 

33, 35- 
Thomas, minister of Jedburgh, 

156 and n. 
Speirs, Adam, 141. 
Spelman's Life of King Alfred, 61 

and n. 
Spence, Joseph, prof, of poetry at 

Oxford, 76 and n ; his Polymitis, 

105 and n. 
Spon's Voyage d'ltalie, 277 and n. 
Spotswood's MS. of his History, 

147, 149, 154-5. 
Sprot, of Newton, 272, 277, 309, 

321, 371. 384- 



Stanley, Thomas, his History of 
Philosophy, 34 and n ; Life of 
Socrates, 38-9 ; Platonick Philo- 
sophy, 40 ; Life of Aristotle, 42 ; 
Treatise on Aristotle's Logic, 43 ; 
Chaldaic Philosophy, 44. 

Stanton, J,, 274. 

Samuel, 113, 135-6, 155, 202, 

244, 345, 382. 

Steel, John, minister of Stair, no 
and n. 

Sterne's Tristram Shandy, 331. 

Steuart, Sir James, of Coltness, his 
vindication of Newton's Chrono- 
logy, 168 and n, 169, 174. 

Sir John, of Allanbank, 31 

and n, 94, 100, 129-31, 222-3, 
228, 250, 272. 

Stevenson, Alexander, Sprouston, 
161. 

Aly, 9 and n, 80, 97, 216, 236, 

291 and n, 292, 329, 345-6, 355, 

357, 367- 
George, 259 and n. 

Hugh, of Montgrenan, 95 n. 

John, prof, of logic in Edin- 



burgh University, 17 and n, 18, 
20, 90, 93, 150, 176, 184, 189, 
191-3, 252-3, 256, 259 and n, 262, 

329, 389, .392. 

— Margaret, wife of Thomas 
TurnbuU, 95 n. 

— Nelly, 253. 

— William, of Home Byres, 9 n, 
10 and n, 42, 55, 79, 102, 105, 
108, 135, 152, 156, 161, 181, 190, 
199, 205, 207, 226, 230, 238, 243, 

257, 279, 309, 312, 355, 372. 

his Remarks on , , . the 

Limits of Acadia, 114. 



Mrs., of Home Byres, 87. 



Stewart, Jean, wife of John Coutts, 
8 n. 

John, son of the Earl of Both- 
well, 142. 

Stilhngfleet, Benjamin, botanist, 
375 and n ; his Tracts relating 
to Natural History, 317 and w-319. 

Stitchel parish registers, 215 and n. 

Stobaeus, Johannes, 336 and n. 

Storck's Essay on the . . . Hem- 
lock, 356 and n. 

Stowe, Mrs., of Spittal, 245. 

Strange's engravings, 323. 

Stuart, Alexander, minister of St. 
Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, 11 n. 

Suetonius, 357 and n, 358. 

Sully's Memoirs, 102, 104. 



INDEX 



409 



Swift's Tale of a Tub, 378. 
Swinton-Quarter, 26. 
Syrus's Sententiae, 352 and n. 

Tait, Thomas, the preacher, after- 
wards minister of Eyemouth, 

^ 237 and n, 393 and n. 

Tavora, Marchioness de, execution 
of, 226 n, 230. 

Telfer (Tailfer), bookbinder and 
hbrarian, 293, 297, 299. 

Temple, Mr,, collector of taxes, 

. Berwick, xviii, 40, 136-7, 150, 
I55> 245, 294-7, 345- 

Billy, 92, 93, 131, 167, 296, 

338> 344, 345- 

•' Sally, 296, 338. 

Sir William, his History of 



England, 224 and w, 234 ; 
• Memoirs, 225 and n, 228, 230. 
Tennent, Agnes, wife of Andrew 

Chatto, minister of Morebattle, 

14 n. 
Theriaca, 285 and n. 
Thompson, Nancy, 9, 86. 

Nelly, 152, 368. 

Tickell, Thomas, poet, 291 and n. 
Tillemont's History of the Emperors, 

123. 
Tod, John, minister of Ladykirk, 

93 n, 300, 305 ; ' very drunk ' at 

an ordination at Edrom, 272 

and M ; ' a distress to everybody,' 

315- 
minister of Fogo, 93 

and n. 

Todrig, 194. 

Toland's Life of Milton, 237 and n. 

Trotter, Alexander, minister of 
Edrom, death of, 221-2 and n. 

George, of Belchester, 58, 

92. 

WilUam, minister of Selkirk, 

37 andn, 100, loi. 

Tucker, Joseph, his Essay . . . on 
Trade, 299 and n, 300. 

TuUy's Offices, 359. 

TurnbuU, George, minister of Tyn- 
ninghame, 95 n. 

Hay, 195. 

Helen, wife of Dr. Wallace of 

the New North parish, Edin- 
burgh, 96 n, 251 n. 

James, minister of Linton, 18 

and n, 27-9, 33, 37, 50-1, 53-55, 
108, III, 134, 141, 150, 165, 170, 
173, 213, 217-18, 221, 244, 309, 
314, 346, 388. 



Turnbull, Marion, wife of George 
Stevenson, surgeon in Edinburgh, 
259 n, 291 n. 

■ Robert, minister of Sprouston, 

XX, 4 and n, 6, 7, 20, 24, 31, 35-6, 
45, 47, 49-51, 56-7, 70, 83, 87, 
92-3, 95 n, 96 n, loi, 103-5, 109, 
III, 118, 124-5, 137, 140-1, 145, 
147, 152-3, 158, 160, 161, 164, 
166, 173, 176, passim. 

Thomas, minister of Borth- 



wick, XX, 72, 79, 95 «,,96, 147, 
168, 256, 326, 393. 
Turner, Mrs., 345. 

John, 40, 202. 

T., 339. 

Turvin, S., 381. 

Twizel Castle, 119, 294. 

Tyrrell's History of England, 301, 

303 and n, 376-7. 

Ulloa's Voyage to South America, 

278 and n, 280-1. 
Underwood, Thomas, joiner, 24, 39, 

72, 249, 261-2, 269, 281, 343, 351, 

353, 383- 
Universal Chronicle, 219. 

Valerius Maximus, 217 and n. 

Vinum Benedictum, ij^. 

Virgil's Mneid, 229, 231 ; Virgil by 

Ruoeus, 297 and n. 
Voltaire's Candide, 322 ; his Hii' 

tory of Russia, ■^d^. 
Vossius, Gerard Jan, 38 and n. 

Waite, Mr., merchant in Berwick, 
ix, xxi, 5 and n, 15, 22, 26, 32, 

59, 74, 144, 147, 151, 244-5, 253, 
256, 272, 294, 313, 344, 382, 
388. 

Mrs., ix, 73-4, 86, 147, 294, 

325, 327, 338. 

- Nancy, x, 5, 7-8, 15, 74, 151, 
passim ; her death, 284, 318. 

WiUiam, 285-90, 294, 327, 



357- 
Waldie, John, of Berryhill, 70 and n, 

128, 138, 178, 210, 212, 292, 355, 

361. 
Walker, Robert, minister of St. 

Giles, Edinburgh, 11 n. 
William, minister of Mackers- 

toun, 45 n, 94, Toi, 107, III, 

190, 257, 261 ; his * humorous 

widow,' 261, 265. 
Wallace's Spirit of Composition, 191. 
parson of Carham, 88. 



410 



DIARY OF GEORGE RIDPATH 



Wallace, George, advocate, 92, 96 
and n, 97, 115, 144, 147-9, 176, 178, 
188, 194-5. 216, 298, 326, 355. 

Robert, minister of West St. 

Giles, Edinburgh, 16 n, 193 and n, 
251 and n. 

Warburton, William, bishop of 
Gloucester, 79 and n. 

Warden, John, minister of the 
Canongate, Edinburgh, 271 and n. 

Ware's edition of Palladio's Archi- 
tecture, 269 and n, 270. 

Warton's Essay on Didactic Poetry, 
73 ; his edition of Virgil, 72 and n, 

73, 77- 
Watson, Ann, mother of George 

Ridpath, 8. 

Benjamin, portrait painter, 23 

and ■«. 

John, of Mains, 68, 108, 119, 



175, 372. 
— Jos., 345. 
Thomas, 381. 



Wauchope, Andrew, of Niddry, 
343 and n. 

Waugh, John, minister of Whit- 
some, 3 and n, 9, 27, 30, 83, 85, 
91, 162, 188, 196, 210, 221, 223, 
229, 245, .257-8. 266, 268, 310, 
313, 320, 369, 381, 389. 

Robert, minister of Hutton, 

51 and n. 

Webster, Alexander, minister of 
Tolbooth parish, Edinburgh, no 
and n. 

Wedderburn, Alexander, 16 and n, 
18. 

Wheeled carriages, xvii, xix. 

Whiston, Sir James, 175. 

White, John, minister of Liberton, 
no and n. 

Robert, in Runningburn, 66, 

347, 352. 

W., 382. 



Whitefield, George, methodist 

preacher, 136 and n, 139, 329. 
Whitehead, Wilham, poet laureate, 

214 and n. 
Whitewater bridge destroyed by a 

flood, 352 n. 
Whytt's Physiological Essays, 69 

and n, 70, 71. 
Wilkie, of Foulden, 312, 313. 
William, minister of Ratho, 

12 and n, 140. 
Wilkinson, Thomas, 90. 
Williamson, Peter, originator of 

the penny post, 226 and w. 
Wilson, Dr., 14. 

Alex., 56, 119, 368, 371. 

Andrew, author oi An Essay 

on Autumnal Dysentery, 337 and n. 

Nicol, 340. 

Wilham, minister of Cold- 



stream, 14, 22, 238, 349, 373. 
Sir William, a London phy- 



sician, 23 and n. 
Winchester, James, minister of 

Jedburgh, 29 and n. 
Window tax, 27 and n, 124, 127, 

149, 161, 348 and n. 
Winram, J., 59. 
Winter, William, 6, 46-7, 201. 
Wishart, George, minister of St. 

Andrews, his Memoirs of Mon- 
trose, 181 and n. 
minister of the Tron, 

Edinburgh, 355 and n. 
Wolff's Architecture, 269. 
Wood, Mrs., of Tofts, 95, 318. 

Isaac, 119, 134, 138, 145, 158. 

James, 314, 348. 

John, 48. 

Wotton's Reliquiae Wottonianae, 268 

and n. 
Wyndpath Ford, 189. 

York, Duke of, 307 and n. 



Edinburgh: Printed by T. and A. Constable Ltu. 



wmmmmms --l'- j _ — -^ -,- — ^— . 



REPORT OF THE THIRTY-FOURTIJ 

ANNUAL MEETING OF THE 

SCOTTISH HISTORY SOCIETY. 



The Thirty-Fourth Annual Meeting of the Society was held 
on Saturday, 18th December 1920, in Dowell's Rooms, George 
Street, Edinburgh, — Sir James Balfour Paul, G.V.O., LL.D., 
in the Chair. 

The Report of the Council was as follows : — 

The membership of the Society, exclusive of libraries, almost 
reaches the statutory limit of 400. 

Since last General Meeting, Highland Papers, vol: iii., has 
been issued. The *S'^. Andrews Graditation and Matriculation 
Roll is in print, and will be issued as soon as possible ; the 
Register of the Considtations of the Ministers of Edinburgh, 
vol. i., is being printed. 

The Council finds it necessary in the meantime, owing to 
costs, to restrict printing. In preference to increasing indi- 
vidual subscriptions, the Council recommends that the member- 
ship be no longer limited to 400, and asks the present 
members of the Society to enlist the interest of their friends. 

Members of Council retiring by rotation are Mr. James 
Curie, Dr. George Neilson, and Dr. W. K. Dickson. They ar^ 
recommended for re-election. 

The Council has received with great regret the resignation 
of the Secretary, Dr. Maitland Thomson, whose services to the 
Society and to learning can hardly be exaggerated. It is 
desirable that Dr. Thomson should be invited to remain upon 
the Council. The Council suggests that Mr. R. K. Hannay 
should become Secretary, to be assisted by Mr. William Angus, 
H.M. General Register House, to whom it is convenient that 
communications should be addressed. 

The Accounts of the Hon. Treasurer, appended in abstract^ 



2* 

show a credit balance of <i£*261, 15s. in November 1920. This 
year's revenue has practically met the expenditure. 

The Annual Subscription of £1, Is. is now due, and should 
be paid at the head office of the Bank of Scotland, Edinburgh. 

The motion tor the adoption of the Report was moved by 
Sheriff J. K. N. Macphail and seconded by Sheriff Scott- 
Moncrieff. 

Professor Hannay, in intimating his acceptance of the Secre- 
taryship, said : — 

Dr. Maitland Thomson's resignation of the Secretaryship is 
an occasion on which we would desire to recognise his eminent 
services to the Society and to Scottish History. He will always 
be associated with Thomas Thomson and Joseph Robertson as 
one of at least three great scholars connected with the Record 
Office during a century of development. In the published 
volumes of the Register of the Great Seal he has left an enduring 
monument ; but it is doubtful whether either the public or the 
Government authorities understand the full extent of his influence. 
No more generous or disinterested scholar ever lived. There are 
few contemporary works of any importance in Scottish History 
which do not owe a debt to his learning and industry ; and the 
amount of the debt has been continually obscured, not by the 
ingratitude of the authors but by his readiness to impart what he 
knew, without thought for anything but the progress of know- 
ledge. It is for this reason that he enjoys the affectionate 
admiration of all serious students. While Dr. Thomson's fas- 
tidious scholarship and the diffidence of mastery are apt to make 
public recognition abhorrent, those who are concerned with Scottish 
History cannot but regret that his high ideals and attainments 
have never elicited, apparently, even the offer of any of those 
distinctions which are at the command of the Government. That 
is nothing to Dr. Thomson : it means much to those who care for 
our national repute and the advancement of our learning. In any 
case it is now our duty, as it is our pleasure, to express with some 
degree of publicity the regard in which he is held. We hope 
that his health will permit him to continue his congenial work 
and — if we may suggest it — to publish his Rhind lectures on the 
Records of Scotland. The publication would be so important 
that we might be inclined to turn our suggestion into a demand. 

For Dr. Thomson's work as Secretary of this Society we are all 
deeply grateful. He has grudged no time or trouble : his unique 
learning and experience have been freely at disposal : the same 
generosity has marked all the assistance which he has been 
so ready to give. The Society has enjoyed the services of men 
like T. G, Law and Hay Fleming. It is proud to record some 
proprietary interest* in Maitland Thomson. 



3 



ABSTRACT OF HONORARY TREASURER'S 
ACCOUNT OF INTROMISSIONS 

For Year ending \%th November 1920 



Charge 
I. Funds at close of last Account, 

II. Subscriptions received — 

1. Members, . . . 

2. Libraries, 

III. Publications sold, 

IV. Interest on Deposit Receipts, 
Gross Receipts, . 



£262 19 2 



£360 3 
107 2 



467 5 



15 11 3 



16 11 8 
. £762 7 1 



Discharge. 

I. Printing, Binding, and Issuing of Publications — 
1. Balance of cost of Miscellany, 

. £70 12 
. 234 13 10 



vol. iii., 

2. Highland Papers, vol. iii., . 

3. Early Records of University of St. 

Andrews, paid to account, 

4. Register of Consultations of Minis- 

ters, paid to account. 
General Printing Account, . 



99 17 2 

31 8 6 
31 8 11 



II. Miscellaneous Payments, 

Carry forward, 



£468 5 

32 11 8 
. £500 1 2 1 



Brought forward, . . £500 12 1 

Funds at close of this Account — 

Sum on Deposit Receipt with Bank 
of Scotland, dated 21st May 

1920, £100 

Do. do. I6th June 192O, . 100 
Sum on Current Account with Do., 65 5 

265 5 



£765 12 6 
Less Balance due Honorary Treasurer, . . 3 5 5 

Sum of Discharge, . ' ' .£762 7 1 



Edinburgh, 4/A December 1920. — Having examined the Accounts of the 
Hon. Treasurer of the Scottish History Society for the year ending 12th 
November 1920, of which the foregoing is an Abstract, we find the same to be 
correctly stated and sufficiently vouched, closing with a sum on Deposit Receipt 
with the Bank of Scotland of ^1^200, a balance at the credit of the Society's 
account current with the said Bank of ;!^65, os. 5d., and a balance due to the 
Honorary Treasurer of ;^3, 5s. 5d. 

Wm. Traquair Dickson, Auditor. 

Ralph Richardson, Auditor* 



^cottisl) l^tstorp ^octetp* 



THE EXECUTIVE. 

1920-1921. 

President. 
The Eakl of Rosebery, K.G., K.T., LL.D. 

Chairvian of Council, 
Sir James Balfour Paul, C.V.O., LL.D., Lyon King of Arms. 

Council. 

James Curle, W.S. , 

George Neilson, LL.D. 

William K. Dickson, LL.D., Advocate. 

J. R. N. Macphail, K.C. 

D. Hay Fleming, LL.D. 

William Angus. 

A. Francis Steuart, Advocate. 

James MacLehose, LL.D. 

The Right Hon. Lord Strathclyde. 

W^iLLiAM Mack AY, LL.D. 

SirG. M. Paul, D.K.S. 

J. Maitland Thomson, LL.D. 

Corresponding Members of the Council. 

Prof. C. H. Firth, LL.D., Oxford; Prof. C. Sanford Terry, 
Litt.D.,' Aberdeen. 

Hon. Treasurer. 
C. S. Romanes, C.A., 3 Abbotsford Crescent, Edinburgh. 

Hon. Secretary. 
Prof. R. K. Hannay, 14 Inverleith Terrace, Edinburgh. 



RULES 

I. The object of the Society is the discovery and printing, 
under selected editorship, of unpublished documents illus- 
trative of the civil, religious, and social history of Scotland. 
The Society will also undertake, in exceptional cases, to issue 
translations of printed works of a similar nature, which have 
not hitherto been accessible in English. 

% The affairs of the Society shall be managed by a Council, 
consisting of a Chairman, Treasurer, Secretary, and twelve 
elected Members, five to make a quorum. Three of the twelve 
elected Members shall retire annually by ballot, but they shall 
be eligible for re-election. 

S. The Annual Subscription to the Society shall be One 
Guinea. The publications of the Society shall not be delivered 
to any Member whose Subscription is in arrear, and no 
Member shall be permitted to receive more than one copy of 
the Society's publications. 

4. The Society will undertake the issue of its own publica- 
tions, i.e. without the intervention of a publisher or any other 
paid agent. 

5. The Society normally issues yearly two octavo volumes of 
about 320 pages each. 

6. An Annual General Meeting of the Society shall be held 
at the end of October, or at an approximate date to be 
determined by the Council. 

7. Two stated Meetings of the Council shall be held each 
year, one on the last Tuesday of May, the other on the Tues- 
day preceding the day upon which the Annual General Meeting 
shall be held. The Secretary, on the request of three Members 
of the Council, shall call a special meeting of the Council. 

8. Editors shall receive 20 copies of each volume they edit 
for the Society. 

9. The owners of Manuscripts published by the Society will 
also be presented with a certain number of copies. 

10. The Annual Balance-Sheet, Rules, and List of Members 
shall be printed. 

II. No alteration shall be made in these Rules except at a 
General Meeting of the Society. A fortnight's notice of any 
alteration to be proposed shall be given to the Members of the 
Council. 



PUBLICATIONS 

OF THE 

SCOTTISH HISTORY SOCIETY 

For the t/ear 1SS6-1887 . 

1. Bishop Pococke's Tours in Scotland, 1747-176*0. Edited by 
D. W. Kemp. 

2. Diary and Account Book of William Cunningham of Craig- 
ENDs, 1673-1 680. Edited by the Rev. James Dodds, D.D. 

For the 7/ear 1887-1888. 

3. Grameidos libri sex : an heroic poem on the Campaign of 

l689, by James Philip of Almerieclose. Translated and 
edited by the Rev. A. D. Murdoch. 

4. The Register of the Kirk-Session of St. Andrews. Part i, 

1559-1582. Edited by D. Hay Fleming. 

For the year 1888-1889. «* 

5. Diary of the Rev. John Mill, Minister in Shetland, 1740- 

1803. Edited by Gilbert GouDiE. 

6. Narrative of Mr. James Nimmo, a Covenanter, 1654-1709. 

Edited by W. G. Scott-Moncrieff. 

7. The Register of the Kirk-Session of St. Andrews. Part ii. 

1583-1600. Edited by D. Hay Fleming. 

For the year 1889-1890. 

8. A List of Persons concerned in the Rebellion (1745). With 

a Preface by the Earl of Rosebery. 

Presented to the Society by the Earl of Rosebery. 

9. Glamis Papers: The ' Book of Record/ a Diary written by 

Patrick, first Earl of Strathmore, and other documents 
(1684-89). Edited by A. H. Millar. 

10. John Major's History of Greater Britain (1521). Trans- 

lated and edited by Archibald Constable. 

For the year 1890-1891. 

11. The Records of the Commissions of the General Assemblies, 

1646-47. Edited by the Rev. Professor Mitchell, D.D., and 
the Rev. James Christie, D.D. 

12. Court-Book of the Barony of Urie, 1604 1747. Edited 
by the Rev, D. G. Barron, 



4 PUBLICATIONS 

For the year 1891-1892. 

13. Memoirs of Sir John Clerk of Penicuik, Baronet. Ex- 
tracted by himself from his own Journals, 1676-1755. Edited 
by John M. Gray. 

14. Diary of Col. the Hon. John Erskine of Carnock, 1683- 

1687. Edited by the Rev. Walter Macleod. 

For the year IS^%\H^^. 

15. Miscellany of the Scottish History Society, First Volume — 
The Library of James vi,, 1578-83. Edited by G. F. Warner. — 

Documents illustrating Catholic Policy, 1596-98. T. G. Law. 
— Letters of Sir Thomas Hope, 1627-46. Rev. R. Paul. — Civil 
War Papers, 1643-50. H. F. Morland Simpson. — Lauderdale 
Correspondence, 1660-77. Right Rev. John Dowden, D.D. — 
Turnbull's Diary, 1657-1704. Rev. R. Paul. — Masterton 
Papers, 1660-1719. V. A. Noel Paton. — Accompt of Expenses 
IN Edinburgh, 1715. A. H. Millar. — Rebellion Papers, 1715 
and 1745. H. Paton. 

16. Account Book of Sir John Foulis of Ravelston (1671-1707). 
Edited by the Rev. A. W. Cornelius Hallen. 

For the year 1893-1894. 

17. Letters and Papers illustrating the Relations between 

Charles ii. and Scotland in 1650. Edited by Samuel 
Rawson Gardiner, D.C.L., etc. 

18. Scotland and the Commonwealth. Letters and Papers 

relating to the Military Government of Scotland, Aug. 
I651-Dec. 1653. Edited by C. H. Firth, M.A. 

For the year 1894-1895. 

19. The Jacobite Attempt of 1719- Letters of James, second 

Duke of Ormonde. Edited by W. K. Dickson. 

20. 21. The Lyon in Mourning, or a Collection of Speeches, 

Letters, Journals, etc., relative to the Affairs of Prince 
Charles Edward Stuart, by Bishop Forbes. 1746-1775. 
Edited by Henry Paton. Vols. i. and 11. 

For the year 1895-1896. 

22. The Lyon in Mourning. Vol. in. 

23. Itinerary of Prince Charles Edward (Supplement to the 

Lyon in Mourning). Compiled by W. B. Blaikie. 

24. Extracts from the Presbytery Records of Inverness and 

Dingwall from l638 to I688. Edited by William Mackay. 

25. Records of the Commissions of the General Assemblies 
{continued) for the years l648 and I649. Edited by the Rev. 
Professor Mitchell, D.D., and Rev. James Christie, D.D. 

For the year \m^-\mi . 

26. Wariston's Diary and other Papers — 

Johnston op Wariston's Diary, 1639. Edited by G. M. Paul.— 
The Honours of Scotijind, 1661-52. C. R. A.' Howden.— The 



PUBLICATIONS 5 

Earl op Mar's Legacies, 1722, 1726. Hon. S. Erskine. — Letters 
BY Mrs. Grant of Laggan. J. R. N. Macphail. 

Presented to the Society by Messrs. T. and A. Constable. 

27. Memorials of John Murray of Broughton, 1740-1747. 

Edited by R. Fitzroy Bell. 

28. The Compt Buik of David Wedderburne, Merchant of 

Dundee, 1587-1630. Edited by A. H. Millar. 

For the year 1897-1898. 

29. 30. The Cohrespondence of De Montereul and the brothers 

De Belli^vre, French Ambassadors in England and Scot- 
land, 1645-1648. Edited, with Translation, by J. G. 
Fotheringham. 2 vols. 

For the year 1898-1899. 

31. Scotland and the Protectorate. Letters and Papers 

relating to the Military Government of Scotland, from 
January 1654 to June 1659. Edited by C. H. Firth, M.A. 

32. Papers illustrating the History of the Scots Brigade in 
the Service of the United Netherlands, 1572-1782. 
Edited by James Ferguson. Vol. i. 1572-1697. 

S3. 34. Macfarlane's Genealogical Collections concerning 
Families in Scotland ; Manuscripts in the Advocates' Library. 
2 vols. Edited by J. T. Clark, Keeper of the Library. 

Presented to the Society by the Trustees of the late Sir William Fraser, K.C.B. 

For the year im^A^OO. 

35. Papers on the Scots Brigade in Holland, 1572-1782. 

Editedby James Ferguson. Vol. il 1698-1782. 

36. Journal of a Foreign Tour in 1665 and 1666, etc., by Sir John 

Lauder, Lord Fountainhall. Edited by Donald Crawford. 

37. Papal Negotiations with Mary Queen of Scots during her 

Re[gn in Scotland. Chiefly from the V^atican Archives 
Edited by the Rev. J. Hungerford Pollen, S.J. 

For the year 1900-1901. 

38. Papers on the Scots Brigade in Holland, 1572-1782. 
Edited by James Ferguson. Vol. in. 

39- The Diary of Andrew Hay of Craignethan, 1659-60. 
Edited by A. G. Reid, F.S.A.Scot. 

For the year 1901-1902. 

40. Negotiations for the Union of England and Scotland in 

1651-53. Edited bv C. Sanford Terry. 

41. The Loyall Dissuasive. Written in 1703 by Sir ^Eneas 

Macpherson. Edited by the Rev. A. D. Murdoch. 

For the year 190^-190S. 

42. The Chartulary of Lindores, 1195-1479- Edited by the 

Ri^ht Rev. John Dowden, D.D., Bishop of Edinburgh. 

43. A Letter from Mary Queen of Scots to the Duke of Guise, 



6 PUBLICATIONS 

Jan. 1562. Reproduced in Facsimile. Edited by the Rev. J. 

HuNGERFORD PoLLEN, S.J. 

Presented to the Society by the family of the late Mr. Scott, of Halkshill. 

44. Miscellany of the Scottish History Society, Second Volume — 

The Scottish King's Household, 14th Century. Edited hy Mary 
Bateson. — The Scottish Nation in the University of Orleans, 
1336-1538. John Kirkpatrick, LL.D. — The French Garrison 
AT Dunbar, 1563. Roberts. Rait. — De Antiquitate Religionis 
APUD ScoTos, 1594. Henry D. G. Law. — Apology for William 
Maitland of Lethington, 1610. Andrew Lan^. — Letters of 
Bishop George Graeme, 1602-38. L. G. Graeme. — A Scottish 
JouRNiE, 1641. C. H. Firth. — Narratives illustrating the Duke 
of Hamilton's Expedition to England, 1648. C. H. Firth. — 
Burnet-Leighton Papers, 1648-168-. H. C. Foxcroft. — Papers 
of Robert Erskine, Physician to Peter the Great, 1677-1720. 
Rev. Robert Paul. — Will of the Duchess of Albany, 1789. 
A. Francis Steuart. 

45. Letters of John Cockburn of Ormistoun to his Gardener, 

1727-1743. Edited by James Colville, D.Sc. 

For the year 1903-1904. 

46. Minute Book of the Managers of the New Mills Cloth 

Manufactory, 1681-1 690. Edited by W. R. Scott. 

47. Chronicles of the Frasers; being the Wardlaw Manuscript 

entitled ** Polichronicon seu Policratica Temporum, or, the 
true Genealogy of the Erasers.' By Master James Fraser. 
Edited by William Mack ay. 

48. Proceedings of the Justiciary Court from 1661 to 1678. 
Vol. I. I66I-I669. Edited by Sheriff Scott-Moncrieff. 

For the year \QO^-\^Ob. 

49. Proceedings of the Justiciary Court from 166I to 1678. 
Vol. II. I669-I678. Edited by Sheriff Scott-Moncrieff. 

50. Records OF the Baron Court OF Stitchill, 1655-1 807. Edited 
by Clement B. Gunn, M.D., Peebles. 

51. Macfarlane's Geographical Collections. Vol. i. Edited 
by Sir Arthur Mitchell, K.C.B. 

For the year 1905-1906. 

52. 5S. Macfarlane's Geographical Collections. Vols. 11. and in. 

Edited by Sir Arthur Mitchell, K.C.B. 

54. Statuta EccLEsiiE ScoTicANiE, 1225-1559- Translated and 

edited by David Patrick, LL.D. 

For the year l^OQ-l^Ol, 

55. The House Booke of Accomps, Ochtertyre, 1737-39. Edited 

by James Colville, D.Sc. 

56. The Charters of the Abbey of Inchaffray. Edited by W. A. 

Lindsay, K.C, the Right Rev. Bishop Dowden, D.D., and 
J. Maitland Thomson, LL.D. 

57. A Selection of the Forfeited Estates Papers preserved in 

H.M. General Register House and elsewhere. Edited by 
A. H. Millar, LL.D. 



PUBLICATIONS 7 

For the 1/ear 1907-1908. 

58. Records of the Commissions of the General Assemblies (con- 
tinued), for the years 1650-52. Edited by the Rev. James 
Christie, D.D. 

59. Papers relating to the Scots in Poland. Edited by A. 

Francis Steuart. 

For the ^ear 1908-1909. 

60. Sir Thomas Craig's De Unione Regnorum Britanni^e Trac- 
tatus. Edited, with an English Translation, by C. Sanford 
Terry. 

61. Johnston of Wariston's Memento Quamdiu Vivas, and Diary 

from 1632 to 1639. Edited by G. iM. Paul, LL.D., D.K.S. 

Second Series. 
For the 1/ear 1909-1910. 

1. The Household Book of Lady Grisell Baillie, 1692-1733. 

Edited by R. Scott-Moncrieff, W.S. 

2. Origins of the '45 and other Narratives. Edited by W. B. 

Blaikie, LL.D. 

3. Correspondence of James, fourth Earl of Findlater and 

FIRST Earl of Seafield, Lord Chancellor of Scotland. 
Edited by James Grant, M.A., LL.B. 

For the i/ear 1910-1911. 

4. Rentale Sancti Andree; being Chamberlain and G^anitar 
Accounts of the Archbishopric in the time of Cardinal 
Betoun, 1538-1546. Translated and edited by Robert Kerr 
Hannay. 

5. Highland Papers. Vol. i. Edited by J. R.N. Macphail, K.C. 

For the i/ear 1911-1912. 

6. Selections from the Records of the Regality of Melrose. 

Vol. I. Edited by C. S. Romanes, C.A. 

7. Records of the Earldom of Orkney. Editedby J. S. Clouston. 

For the 1/ear 1912-191S. 

8. Selections from the Records of the Regality of Melrose. 

Vol. II. Edited by C. S. Romanes, C.A. 

9. Selections from the Letter Books of John Steuart, Bailie of 

Inverness. Edited by William Mackay, LLD. 
For the 2/ear 191S-1914!. 

10. Rentale Dunkeldense ; being the Accounts of the Chamber- 
lain of the Bishopric of Dunkeld, a.d. 1506-1517. Edited 
by R. K. Hannay. 

11. Letters of the Earl of Seafield and Others, illustrative 

OF the History of Scotland during the Reign of Queen 
Anne. Edited by Professor Hume Brown. 
For the year 1914-1915. 

12. Highland Papers. Vol. ii. Edited by J. R. N. Macphail, K.C. 

(March 191 6.) 
(Note. — Origins of the '45, issued for 1909-1910, is issued 
also for 1914-1915.) 



8 PUBLICATIONS 

For the 7jear 1915-1916, 

13. Selections from the Records of the Regality of Melrose. 

Vol. III. Edited by C. S. Romanes, C.A. (February 1917.) 

14. A Contribution TO the Bibliography of Scottish Topography. 

Edited by the late Sir Arthur Mitchell and C. G. Cash. 
Vol. I. (March 19J7.) 

For the year 1916-1911 . 

15. Bibliography of Scottish Topography. Vol. ii. (May 1917.) 

16. Papers relating to the Army of the Solemn League and 
Covenant, 1643-1 647. Vol. i. Edited by Professor C. 
Sanford Terry. (October 1917.) 

For the year 1911-191^. 

17. Papers relating to the Army of the Solemn League and 
Covenant, 1643-1647. Vol. ii. (December 1917.) 

18. Wariston's Diary. Vol. ii. Edited by D. Hay Fleming, LL.D. 

(February 1919.) 
For the year 19X^-1919. 

19. Miscellany of the Scottish History Society. Third Volume. 

20. Papers relating to the Highlands. Edited by J. R. N. 
Macphail, K.C. 

Third Series. 

For the year 1919-199.0, 
1. Register of the Consultations of the Ministers of Edin- 
burgh, AND some other BrETHREN OF THE MiNISTRY, SINCE 

THE Interruption of the Assembly, 1653, with other 
Papers of public concernment. Vol. i. Edited by the Rev. 
W. Stephen, B.D. 

For the year 19m-19n. 

2. Diary of George Ridpath, Minister of Stitchel, 1755- 
1761. Edited by Sir James Balfour Paul, C.V.O,, LL.D. 

In preparation. 
The Early Records of the University of St. Andrews, 1413- 

1579. Edited by J. Maitland Anderson, LL.D. 
The Confessions of Babington and other Papers relating to 

the last days of Mary Queen of Scots. Edited by the 

Rev. J. H. Pollen, S.J. 
Register of the Consultations of the Ministers of Edinburgh, 

WITH other Papers of public concernment. Vol. 11. Edited 

by the Rev. W. Stephen, B.D. 

Projected. 

A translation of the Historia Abbatum de Kynlos of 

Ferrerius. 
Papers relating to the Rebellions of 1715 and 1745, with other 

documents from the municipal archives of the clty of 

Perth. 
The Balcarres Papers. 




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